Computer History Exhibits Inventory

Updated 13 January 1999, partial update April 2001. A major uipdate is needed noe (sep 2003).
based on Master copy on Haring, Inventory (partial 18Jul 1997, updated 17 Aug 1997)

Back to Stanford Computer Science Computer History Display pages.

To a phototour of the displays of the Stanford Computer Science Computer History Display phototour, most photographs courtesy of Nuriya Janss, July 1999.

tag/floor# description
category location objective in display and educational notes
G1 Wire Matrix Printer Head & Printer Ribbon (DEC) A1 Gio For History of Printing
G1.1 Picture of Wire Matrix Printer A1 TCM? Put behind G1 for context
G2, F0#1 Commodore Calculator A2 Gio Early device using Intel4004? Integrated circuit chip. Compare with Marchant (G3)
G3, F1#6Forsythe's Marchant electrical calculator (right) F1#6, B2 Marchant Calculators, Oakland CA 510 839-0506
This Calculator was used by Professor George Forsythe at Stanford.
It provides addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, all performed mechanically. Results show on the carriage, as does one of the factors used in multiplication, or the divisor. This machine performed essential the cranking operation of earlier calculators, such as the Monroe machine, with single button pushes.
G3.1 Monroe mechanical calculator (left), ca 1930. F1#6, B2 Gio Inventor: Frank Stephen Baldwin 1839-1925. The Monroe company was founded in 1912 (near G3 for explanation [CMA]. This 10-key calculator provides accurate manual computation.
Each complete forward turn of the large crank on the right will add the value set into the 8 x 10 keys into the bottom register of the carriage. The top register counts the turns. Subtraction is achieved by turning the crank in reverse. To multiply the Repeat button is pressed and the crank turned as often as needed for the low-order digit. Then the carriage is moved to the right with the handle in front, so the next digit of the factor can be cranked in, etc.. The crank on the carriage is for resetting result and counter registers. Division is performed by subtracting the divisor left to right.
G3.3, F2.5 Table of Integrals and functions. B2 Gio Publisher: Chemical Rubber Company. Used by Gio 1956-1958 (near G3 for explanation .
G3.4 Friden mechanical automatic calculator (center), ca.1960. Side panels removed. F1#6 B2 Robert Floyd Automated multi-digit factor multiplication. Advanced models also performed square roots. The end of the line for mechanical calulation.
G4 Burroughs Compilogram (4-5 copies) B4 Gio Board game used to teach how a compiler works, to help students understand the Algol compiler for the B5500.
F2#2 Stanford AI Modem (a new Rs232 connector should be attached) A3 Gio To increase performance over the then typical 600 baud duplex technology, the Stanford AI-lab developed an asymmetric modem, which sent data from a terminal at 150 baud, but could receive at 1200 baud.
G6 TTL Counter B1 Gio For history of computation
G7.1 Relay Flip-Flop with instruction manual (copy 1) B1 Gio For history of computation
G7.2 Relay Flip-Flop (copy 2) B1 Gio For history of computation
G8 Computer Vacuum Tubes 1959. (TCM prvided a 704 assembly, see below) B1 Gio For history of computation. Switching time was xxx (20?) microseconds
G9 Slide Rule A2 Gio For history of computation: A slide rule has graduations on logarithmic scales, so that catenation of two factors gives the product. Illustrate in display with values, as 2.2 x pi.
G10 ACME Light Box F1#5 Gio Indicator for users of an early timesharing system using printing terminals. The ACME IS ON light is set periodically by the processor, and dims if no signal is received. The YOU ARE ON receives on/off signals for every allocated time-slice. The WAITING-FOR-YOU indicates that the processor is not allocating resources until it receives a typed response. The SPECIAL RUN indicates that real-time data-acquisition is in progress and is receiving priority.
G10.1 Photograph of ACME B2 get IBM 2741 terminal and light box, have or copy from video-tape
C10.2 ACME Photos and language chart B2 Gio Documents a time-sharing system used in the Stanford Medical school 1966-1972.
G11.1 Wooden LDS Modem F3#1, A3 Gio (Index) (copy 1) built by Livermore Data Systems around 1967
Early 150-baud modem, when direct connections to telephone lines could only be provided by the telephone company. After dialing the receiver is placed into the box.
G11.2Wooden AJ Modem A3 gio home Built by Anderson Jacobson around 1968
G12.1 Magnetic Tape Unit 727 C1 get Illustrate standard 200bpi drive, from NBS book or TCM
G12.2 IBM sign for Magnetic Tape Unit 727 C1 Gio From standard 200bpi drive
G13 Cassette drive C1 Gio
G13.1 Cassette Distribution Tape C1 Gio 300ft, capacity 1.26 Mbytes
G14 Paper Distribution Tape C1 Gio
G15 IBM sign for a Core Memory F2#2 Gio
Core Planes from IBM/360 series F3#1, D1 IBM Research general view
G16 Strips from a 2361? Strip File A4 Gio capacity of one strip cccc
G16.1diagram to illustrate function A4 Gio DBD The strips are extracted from a cartridge, wound around a drum, and then read. About mm milliseconds are required to load a strip. Positioning the cartridge takes up to ss seconds.
G16.2Picture of 2361? from manual . A4 (get) Picture to put behind it. The xxx UNIT held 10 cartridges, each with yyy strips, giving a total capacity of 400 Mbytes.
F3#1, G17 Hollerith or IBM card A4 TCM A standard IBM card held 80-columns. Not more than 4 holes were punched per column, to keep the cards strong enough for mechanical processing.. An encoding (BCD) for 64 characters was common.
F3#1, G17.1 Dollar bill from <1920> A4 Gio The dimension of the Hollerith card was made identical to that of the dollar bill of those days, so it might be carried in a standard wallet.
G17.2Cards from IBM Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Retrieval System A4 Gio The SDI system selected cards denoting new articles from the library according to interest profiles of recipients, which were then mailed to the participant. They could be returned for ordering copies of the articles.
G17.3IBM Electric Keypunch F2#1, A4 IBM Research The Electric Keypunch (1923) increased the productivity of people entering data onto IBM cards.
G18 UNIVAC 90-column card C1 Gio Sperry-Rand, later Univac and now Unisys allowed all holes to be used, so that this card could hold two x 45 columns of data.
G19 DEC RL02 single platter cartridge (cut open to show innards) F3#2 Gio This singleDECRL02 platter cartridge has a capacity of 2.2? Mbytes. The reading heads were in the drive and entered the unit through the small port in the rear. Larger units were composed of multiple, up to 11, platters.
G20 Integrated Circuit Memory Card D1 Gio
G21 Microfilm with ACM-TODS 1990 A4 Gio
G22 Fiche cards for automatic NCR retrieval system A4 Gio
G23 Microfiche(manually used, not automatic) A4 Gio
G24 Microfiche for IBM automatic photo typesetting A4 Gio
G25 Paper on AI B2 Gio office by Arthur L. Samuel (1962)
G25.1paper on Timesharing B2 SW history by Arthur L. Samuel (1965)
G25.2Awards received by Arthur Samuel, and some checkers artifacts. A1 Gios Arthur Samuel wrote the first learning program. His Checkers office program was programmed only with the rules of checkers and then would play hundreds of documented games to develop parameters for the best strategy to win. It eventually outperformed most Checkers champions. (more material in obituary, by McCarthy and Gio)
G26 NBS Survey of all computers in the US 1960. B2,C1 Gios Source for pictures of Stanford and other early office computing equipment, as printers, disk, and tape drives
G27 Two papers by Alexandria Forsythe B2 Gio (1946, 1969)
G28 VISICALC Manual B4 #41 The innovation of spreadsheets programs for the Apple II and later the IBM PC transformed personal computers to useful business tools, and greatly broadened their market.
G29.1 1917 mechanical integrator diagonal view 1, top view 2, indicator view 3, F4#2 (temp) Newcom This device computed the integrand of an area. The pointer is moved along the curve and the dials can be read to determine the integral value. (in wooden box) Place on a surface with a curve to be integrated.
G29.2 1915 mechanical integrator F4#2 (temp) Newcom This device computed the integrand of an area?. The pointer is moved along the curve and the dials can be read to determine the integral value. (in wooden box) Place on a surface with a curve to be integrated.
G30 Full size 1/2 inch tape reel, 1954 C1 Gio 200bpi, 2400ft, capacity 8Mbytes/tape. Later density was increased to 800 bpi. The tape drives recorded 6 data bits and one check bit across. New recording techniques (phase-encoding) permitted 1600 bpi, and eventually block encoding provided 6400 bpi with 8 data (9 total) bits across.
G30.1 Fluid with iron filings C1 Tucker Used to read bits off damaged tapes
G31 Univac single/two/four ?-bit highly reliable relay memory (flip-flop) F1#2 Gio Ca. 1950, donated by David Hemreck, NIST
This unit is encased in nickel-steel cover, sealed by soldering all joints, and filled with nitrogen gas to prevent corrosion. The contacts of this plug-in unit are gold plated.
G32.1 Paper tape C1 Gio
G32.2 Paper tape holder C1 Gio
G33, Film of 1968 real-time data acquisition projects, B2 Gio includes Stanford ACME, converted to Video tape
G34, Multi-platter 3"? disk unit, open, from Apple Macintosh #11 Gio 20Mega byte capacity
G35 5" Floppy disk drive C1 Gio Capacity 360Kbytes
G35.15" floppy disk C1 Gio
G36 3" floppy disk drive and disk, opened #11 Gio Capacity 1.4 Mega bytes
G37 1" IBM Microdrive disk module mockup, 1998, #11 Dr. Currie Munce via John McCarthy Capacity 380 Mega bytes
G38 CROMEMCO C3, C1 Roger Parkinson history
G39 Zenith Z-19 display, C1 Roger Parkinson used with CROMEMCO C3
G39 Voice generator C1 Roger Parkinson used with CROMEMCO C3 in Ken Colby's lab at UCLA, a.o., for speaking Parry.
G40 CROMEMCO documentation, C1 Jeff Johnson ZILOG Z-80 Programming Reference card; Z80 macro Assembler (Feb.1982); CDOS Operating System (Jun.1981); Screen Editor (c 1979); Link and lib (Sep.80, 2 copies); Debug (jun.1981); LISP (Jun.1980)
G41 Zenith Z-29 manual C1 Michael Rys Video Display Terminal manual (C 1983)
G42 Magnavox TV used with Apple II computer #31 Gio
G43 Osborne Portable Computer #31 Stuart Cheshire
G44 Printer used with Osborne Computer #31 Stuart Cheshire
G45 Display used with Osborne Computer #31 Stuart Cheshire
G46 Documentation for Osborne Portable Computer #31 Stuart Cheshire
J1 32nd anniversary T-shirt B2 janninck Gif shows a CSD 2^5 th Anniversary Cake
MF1 Librascope platter #11 Martin FrostPlatter from AI Lab 40 MBYTE Librascope disk unit shown with 20MB hard disk drive 1.4 floppy drive (G36).
MF2 DataDisk platter and heads -- one per track #14 Martin Frost The DataDisk unit was used as a shared memory to drive about 100 terminals at SAIL - each terminal display image was kept on a distinct track.
MF3 I3 display controller panel #14 Martin Frost from AI Lab
MF4 DEC Mini-computer Tape #14 Martin Frost from AI Lab
MF5 Modified DEC circuit card for LOTS #15 Martin Frost from AI Lab
Les 1 Sail Time and Down time Bell #14 Les Earnest from AI Lab Sail Bell in case
Les 2 Keyboard from AI terminals with full 128-character set #14 Les Earnest from AI Lab Sail Keyboard in case (phototour) Sail Keyboard in case (orig. damaged)
Les P1 Photograph of Stanford Robot Cart #14 Les Earnest Scanned copy: Stanford Robot Cart
Diego Photograph Stanford Robot Cart outside of AI D.C. Powers Lab on-line only Diego Ruspini Scanned copy: Stanford Cart outside
Khatib Stanford Robot Arm #15, (soon) AI Lab
Les P2 Photograph of Stanford AI Lab Pony Soda and Beer Dispenser, with Friedrich vonHenke #14, Les Earnest Scanned copy: Pony
Les P3 Photograph of Stanford AI Lab Computer #14 Les Earnest Scanned copy: Sail Computer
TCM SWAC Williams 256-bit Memory Tube #21 TCM SWAC Williams tube
TCM Eckert-Mauchly Plug-in Assembly #21 TCM Eckert-Mauchly Module
TCM Univac Metal Recording Tape #21 TCM
TCM Accoustic Delay Line #21 TCM acoustic delayline
TCM RCA Storage tube #21 TCM
TCM IBM 704 vaccum tube plug-in module #21 TCM IBM 704 tubes
TCM Core Plane from Whirlwind #22 TCM
TCM Tube tester from Whirlwind #22 TCM
TCM Parity checking panel from Whirlwind #22 TCM
TCM IBM 360-40 Front Panel #31 TCM
TCM IBM disk arm assembly #31 TCM
TCM IBM 360 multi-chip module #31 TCM
TCM IBM Think note pad #31 TCM
TCM DEC circuit card #32 TCM
TCM Accoustic Modem #32 TCM
TCM Radio Shack Computer #41 TCM
TM Pet Computer #41 TCM Apple and Pet was User's Group, no more.
TCM, Apple II Computer F\#41 TCM Apple and Pet
TCM, single board computer #41 TCM
TCM, Cray `Cordwood' Module #01 TCM
TCM, Univac Metal Tape #01 TCM
TCM Univac Manual #01 TCM
TCM, Appollo Guidance Computer, returned was #02 TCM Appollo Computer
TCM, NASA Computing modules #02 TCM
TCM IBM PC Manuals #04 TCM
#35 CROMENCO display: System 3; Zenith terminal, Manuals Jeff Johnson,
#35 CROMENCO display: Posters; Melen and Garland book Gio via Ray Borril
not yet XEROX equipment Star story (no more)
#43 SUN 1 # 330, Disk Drive, First SUN circuit board Forest Baskett
#45 Apple 2, Apple hard isk, Mackintosh (mossing keyboard, Apple XX Jeffrey Ullman
F4#5 storage 1987 Toshiba 100 Laptop Andy Kazsmar
BP Galaxy Computer Games (1971) #51 Bill Pitts Adapted from Star Wars game at SAIL, on I3 terminal (1970). Removed by Bill Pitts and moved to CMHC.


A separate listing of the images

DECRL02 platter, cut open (gio)
IBM 360 coreplanes (gio-ibm)
IBM keypunch (gio-ibm)
IBM 704 tubes (TCM)
acoustic delayline (TCM)
SWAC Williamstube (TCM)
Eckert-Mauchly Module(TCM)
calculators (gio-forsythe-floyd)
Librascope platter (frost)
Sail Bell (les)
Sail Keyboard (les)
Appollo Computer (TCM)
Apple and Pet (TCM)
integrator.1 (gio)
integrator.2 (gio)
integrator.3 (gio)

Images at remote sites

these images have been archived at Stanford, and will be re-linked.
Model 33 teletype at SAIL, with Art Samuels
SAIL Hydraulic Robot arm, with Vic Scheinman
Sail audio equipment and Datamedia keyboard, with Leland Smith.

Legend for Categories

A1 Printer Heads For history of printing, add teletype Model 28 and 33 , selectric ball, daisy wheel, inkjet, laser head, mechanisms. Document speed of printing.
B1 #11 Processor (vacuum tubes, transistors, integrated circuits) Document year, switching times.
C1, #21 Storage (cards, tape, disks)
D1, #21 Memory (storage tubes, core)
A2, #25 Numerical Analysis
B2, #12 Stanford Things (Forsythe, faculty, staff)
A3, #22 Cummunication stuff
B3 Early Ethernet
A4, #11 Database related things (small disk drives)
B4 Software

Master copy maintained on Haring by Gio Wiederhold, email:


This page first created 29 September 1997 by Gio Wiederhold, email:
We will update these webpages as the display takes shape.

Back to Computer History Display pages.