Database Bibliography. Dark ages-1991 Database Bibliography

Database Bibliography. Dark ages-1991

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% ------- A ------biblio----1949-1991---------

@inproceedings{Aalbersberg1991,
Author ={Aalbersberg,I. and Sijstermans,F.},
Title ={High-Quality and High-Performance Full-Text Document Retrieval: the Parallel InfoGuide System},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,

Category ={DBDbib}
}

@techreport{Abadi1987,
Author ={Abadi,Martin},
Title ={Temporal-Logic Theorem Proving},
Institution ={Stanford, CSD, PhD Th., TR-CS-87-1151.},
Year =1987, Month =Mar,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD A temporal logic programming language. Proofs in modal logic. The resolution system required for them. ---Gio. Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Abarbanel1987,
Author ={Abarbanel,Robert},
Title ={Connections, Perspective and Reformation},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Intellicorp Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Abarbanel1986,
Author ={Abarbanel,R.M. and Williams,M.D.},
Title ={A Relational Representation for Knowledge Bases},
Institution ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1, not in proceedings, rcvd Oct.1985.},
Year =1986, Month =Apr,
Annote ={at IntelliCorp KEE extended with access to a relational databases. Frames are assigned to normalized files according to their slots. Due to multiple inheritance many relations are needed. I3 Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Abate1969,
Author ={Abate,J., Dubner,H., and Weinberg,S.},
Title ={Queuing Analysis of the IBM 2314 Disk Storage Facility},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1969, Month =Oct,
Pages ="577--589",
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFtechn.3>} }

@article{Abate1964,
Author ={Abate,J. and Dubner,H.},
Title ={Optimizing Performance of a Drum-Like Storage},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-18.},
Year =1964, Month =Nov,
Pages ="992--997",
Category ={DBFtechn.3>} }

@inproceedings{Abbod1987,
Author ={Abbod,T., Brown,K., and Noble,H.},
Title ={Providing Time-Related Constraints for Conventional Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={extend SQL with temporal predicates. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Abbott1988,
Author ={Abbott,K.R. and McCarthy,D.R.},
Title ={Administration and Autonomy in a Replication-Transparent Distributed DBMS},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="195--205",
Annote ={at CCA Single-site DBMS solutions to administrative problems do not scale up to the distributed case. Ref. FAUVE. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@book{Abbott1986,
Author ={Abbott,Russell J.},
Title ={An Integrated Approach to Software Development},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY).},
Year =1986,
Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Abbott1987,
Author ={Abbott,Russell J.},
Title ={Knowledge Abstraction},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1987, Month =Aug,
Pages ="664--671",
Volume ="30",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Silogic; Aerospace Corp; CSU Chatsworth high level discussion, makes a link to database principles as a solution. Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Abbott1988:1,
Author ={Abbott,R. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Scheduling Real-Time Transactions: A Performance Evaluation},
Booktitle ={Princeton Un., TR-CS-146-88.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Princeton Un., DCS best paper, ref.FAUVE. Transactions with deadlines? Algorithms which produce serializable schedules on a single processor memory resident database system. Includes aborts. Priority policies, Earliest Deadline (ED) is the best overall. Concurrency control policies, Conditional Restart (CR) is the best; it needs a run time estimate. Category ={DBDperform> DBFperform> DBFtrans, DBfile Garcia, 2 reports } }

@inproceedings{Abbott1989,
Author ={Abbott,R. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Scheduling Real-Time Transactions with Disk Resident Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at DCS, Princeton Un. (Princeton NJ) Real-time requirements schedule transactions with deadlines. Category ={DBFrealtime> DBFmethods> DBDperf> } }

@techreport{Abbott,
Author ={Abbott,R. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Scheduling I/O requests with deadlines: a performance evaluation},
Institution ={Princeton Un., CS-TR-287-90.},
Annote ={real-time Category ={DBFperf, DBfile} }

@article{Abbott1992,
Author ={Abbott,R. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Scheduling Real-Time Transactions: a Performance Evaluation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Sep,
Volume ="17",
Number ="3",
Annote ={real-time Category ={DBFperf>} }

@inproceedings{AbdelGhaffer1990,
Author ={AbdelGhaffer,K. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={On the Optimality of Disk Allocation for Cartesian Product Files},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Nashville.},
Year =1990, Month =Apr,
Category ={DBFhybrid>} }

@article{AbdelGhaffer1993,
Author ={AbdelGhaffer,K. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Optimal Disk Allocation for Partial Match Queries},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1993, Month =Mar,
Volume ="18",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFhybrid>} }

@inproceedings{Abdelguerfi1989,
Author ={Abdelguerfi,M.},
Title ={Special Function Unit for Statistical Aggregation OPerations},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Detroit Un. Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Abdelguerfi1990,
Author ={Abdelguerfi,M. and Sood,A.},
Title ={Sorting and Joining Relations with Duplicate Values},
Booktitle ={Parbase-90, Miami Beach.},
Year =1990, Month =Mar,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@unpublished{Abdellatif1987,
Author ={Abdellatif,A., Litwin,W., Nicolas,B., Vigier,P., and Zeroual,A.(eds.)},
Title ={MRDSM Demonstration},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at INRIA Example of querying a federated system. Category ={DBDdist, L.deMichiel } }

@article{AbdelWahab1989,
Author ={AbdelWahab,H. and Jamison,B.},
Title ={The Tole of Linkage-graphs in Prolog relational databases},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data RECORD.},
Year =1989, Month =Mar,
Pages ="43--53",
Volume ="18",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Old Dominion Un., Norfolk, VA prolog is used to represent the database schema connection defined in prolog Category ={DBDmodel> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Abel1989,
Author ={Abel,D.J.},
Title ={A spatial database shell for relational database management systems},
Booktitle ={Int.Conf.on Foundations of Data Org. and Algorithms 3, Paris.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Australia Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@inproceedings{Abel1986,
Author ={Abel,S. and Dourandish,R.},
Title ={Application of Evidential reasoning to Helicopter Flight Path Control},
Booktitle ={Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, Workshop at Un.Penn, Proc. Natl. Conf. of the American Association for Artifical Int, .},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1--5",
Annote ={at Expert-EASE systems (Belmont CA) Uncertainty in data fusion. Sensor data and descriptive databases. Relates database schema to Dempster-Shafer theory! Category ={DBDkb> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Aberg1993,
Author ={Aberg,P. and Neches,R.},
Title ={Supporting Implementation of Semantic-Level User Interaction Paradigms},
Booktitle ={INTERCHI'93, Amsterdam.},
Year =1993, Month =Apr,
Annote ={I3 Category ={unknown>} }

@techreport{Abiteboul1984,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Bidoit,N.},
Title ={Non-First Normal Form Relations to Represent Hierarchically Organized Data},
Institution ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Annote ={
Presents a nested relation database model VERSO formats. The extended relational algebra operations plus a restructuring operation achieves the relational completeness of the Verso operations. Updated version in INRIA report `Non First Normal Form Relations: An Algebra Allowing Data Restructuring' better organized. ---BSLee. Category ={DBDtheory.2> } }

@article{Abiteboul1984:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Bidoit,N.},
Title ={Non First Normal Form Relations: An Algebra Allowing Data Restructuring},
Journal ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-347.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ An internal report version of `Non First Normal Form Relations To Represent Hierarchically Organized Data', ACM POD, 1984 under different title, using more readable syntax for selection operation, with better detail for super selection. Published in the Journal of Computer and System Sciences, Sep.1986. ---BSLee. Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile } }

@article{Abiteboul1984:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Hull,R.},
Title ={IFO: A Formal Semantic Database Model},
Journal ={USC CSD, TR-84-304.},
Year =1984, Month =Apr,
Annote ={at USC A graph-based formal semantic database model. Well written. The model appears to be well founded. ---E.Unger. Category ={DBDops.4> DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1984:3,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Equivalence and Optimization of Relational Transactions},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 10, Singapore.},
Year =1984,
Annote ={at INRIA; UCSD Original title was Transactions in Relational Databases. Category ={DBFtrans, DBfile } }

@article{Abiteboul1985,
Author ={Abiteboul,S.},
Title ={Disaggregation in Databases},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1985, Month =Jan,
Pages ="79--101",
Volume ="32",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDtheory.2>} }

@article{Abiteboul1985:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Transactions and Integrity Constraints},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month =Mar,
Annote ={at INRIA; UCSD Category ={DBFtrans.7> DBFrepresent-4>} }

@techreport{Abiteboul1985:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,Serge},
Title ={Cocktail de Dependances},
Institution ={Un.Paris-Sud, Ctr d'Orsay, PhD Th..},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Annote ={Synthesis Category ={DBDtheory, x} }

@article{Abiteboul1986,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Properties of Transactional Schemas},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA.},
Year =1986, Month =Mar,
Annote ={at INRIA a study of optimization for insert/delete operations. Category ={DBDops.3> } }

@article{Abiteboul1986:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Ginsburg,S.},
Title ={Tuple Sequences and Lexicographic Indexes},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Pages ="409--422",
Volume ="33",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ ordered relations and indexes. Reference constraint. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@article{Abiteboul1986:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Ginsburg,S.},
Title ={Logical Design: Data Models},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8708-0697.},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Pages ="409--422",
Volume ="33",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at USC, Los Angeles Relational model with tuple sequencing; mathematical rigor. Category ={DBDdesign, thesis } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1986:3,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Hull,R.B.},
Title ={Restructuring of Complex Objects and Office Forms},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at INRIA; USC Restructuring between different object types. Introduce `rewrite' operation and its algebra handling aggregation, grouping, and generalization of typed hierarchical objects. Rewrite operation is more powerful than `nest' and `unnest' operations. Generally applicable to equivalent and augmenting structural transformations. An updated version appears in INRIA report `Restructuring hierarchical database objects', 1987. ---BSLee. Category ={DBDobject> DBDtheory> } }

@techreport{Abiteboul1987,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Hull,R.},
Title ={Restructuring Hierarchical Database Objects},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique.},
Year =1987, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ An updated version of `Restructuring of Complex Objects and Office Forms', ICDT 86, 1986. ---BSLee. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1987:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={A Transaction Language Complete for Database Update and Specification},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month =Mar,
Pages ="260--268",
Category ={DBDlang> DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1987:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Kanellakis,P.C., and Brahne,G.},
Title ={On the Representation and Querying of Sets of Possible Worlds},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at INRIA complexity of null management Category ={DBDquery> } }

@unpublished{Abiteboul1987:3,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={A Transaction-based Approach to Relational DB Specification},
Note ={rcvd.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at INRIA; UCSD Category ={DBDtrans, DBfile} }

@article{Abiteboul1988,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Equivalence and Optimization of Relational Transactions},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Pages ="70--120",
Volume ="35",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at INRIA; UCSD Equivalence can be decided in polynomial time. Algorithms for transactions and normalization. A strongly acyclic TX have particularly desirable properties. Category ={DBDquery> DBFtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1988:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Procedural and Declarative Database Update Languages},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 7.},
Year =1988, Month =Mar,
Pages ="240--250",
Annote ={at INRIA; UCSD Includes looping. Category ={DBFtrans> DBDlang> DBDtheory> } }

@techreport{Abiteboul1988:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Beeri,C.},
Title ={On the Power of Languages for the Manipulation of Complex Objects},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique TR-846.},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Category ={DBDlang> DBDobject, DBfile} }

@article{Abiteboul1988:3,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Hull,R.},
Title ={Update Propagation in a Formal Semantic Model},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Pages ="3--12",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1988:4,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={The Connection of Static Constraints with Determinism and Boundedness of Dynamic Specifications},
Booktitle ={Intl.Conf.on Data and Knowledge Bases, Jerusalem.3.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Abiteboul1988:5,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Scholl,M.},
Title ={From Simple to Sophisticated Languages for Complex Objects},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin, (Special issue on Nested Relations).},
Year =1988, Month =Sep,
Pages ="15--22",
Volume ="11",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at INRIA Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Abiteboul1989,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Kanellakis,P.C.},
Title ={Object Identity as a Query Language Primitive},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={ Model permits cycles in instances as well as schemas. ---Gio IQL uses oid's to represent data structures with sharing and cycles, to manipulate sets and to express computable database query. IQL can be statically type checked, can be evaluated bottom-up, and naturally generalizes most rule-based database languages. PCK Another value-based Object-Oriented data model. Sets of OIDs manipulated. ---T.Risch. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@article{Abiteboul1989:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={A transaction based approach to relational database specification},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, ; ACM Computing Reviews 9102-0097.},
Year =1989, Month =Oct,
Pages ="758--789",
Volume ="36",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at INRIA can generate functional and acyclic inclusion dependencies, not join dependencies. database is updated only by a fixed set of encapsulated transactions defined in the schema; constraints can be automatically maintained; preserve constraints and soundness; preservation and soundness are unsolvable for arbitrary first-order constraints. ---Chomicki. Category ={DBDmodel> DBFtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1989:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S.},
Title ={Boundedness is undecidable for Datalog programs with a single recursive rule},
Booktitle ={Inf.Processing Letters.},
Year =1989,
Volume ="32",
Annote ={one predicate (relation) Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1989:3,
Author ={Abiteboul,S.},
Title ={Towards a Deductive Object-Oriented Database Language},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDlang} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1990,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Kanellakis,P., and Waller,E.},
Title ={Method Schemas},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Nashville.},
Year =1990, Month =Apr,
Annote ={ only the methods of objects are visible; method names are bound late and can be overloaded; operational semantics are defined by SMALLTALK interpreter; undecidability is caused by recursion with change of context due to overloading Category ={DBDobject> } }

@article{Abiteboul1991,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Grumbach,S.},
Title ={A Rule-Based Language with Functions and Sets},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1991, Month =Mar,
Volume ="16",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ the COL language uses base and derived data functions Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1991:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Bonner,A.},
Title ={Objects and Views},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject> VOD>} }

@article{Abiteboul1991:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and Kanellakis,P.},
Title ={The Two Facets of Object-Oriented Data Models},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ the structural data model, the behavioural data model. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1992,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Compton,K., and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Queries are easier than you thought (probably)},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1992:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Vardi,M., and Vianu,V.},
Title ={Computing with Infinitary Logic},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1992:2,
Author ={Abiteboul,S. and VanGelder,A.},
Title ={Optimizing Active Databases using the Split Technique},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1993,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Lausen,G., Uphoff,H., and Waller,E.},
Title ={Methods and Rules},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={unknown>} }

@inproceedings{Abiteboul1993:1,
Author ={Abiteboul,S., Cluet,S., and Milo,T.},
Title ={Querying and Updating the File},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Abraham1968,
Author ={Abraham,C.T. and Ghosh,S.P.},
Title ={Application of Finite Geometry in File Organization for Records with Multiple-Valued Attributes},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1968, Month =Mar,
Pages ="180--187",
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Combinatorial access to records having limited valued attributes with redundant storage. Category ={DBFhybrid.6.4> } }

@article{Abraham1968:1,
Author ={Abraham,C.T., Ghosh,S.P., and RayChaudhury,D.K.},
Title ={File Organization Schemas Based on Finite Geometrics},
Journal ={Information and Control.},
Year =1968, Month =Feb,
Pages ="143--163",
Volume ="12",
Annote ={ Combinatorial access to records having only binary valued attributes with redundant storage. Category ={DBFhybrid.6.4>%Abraham68 } }

@article{Abrahamson1989,
Author ={Abrahamson,David M.},
Title ={An Adaptative Dependency Source Model for Data Compression},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Pages ="77--83",
Volume ="32",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Trinity Coll., Dublin Ireland Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@techreport{Abrial1970,
Author ={Abrial,J.R., Bas,J., Beaume,G., Henneron,G., Morin,R., and Vigliano,G.},
Title ={Data Base Structure (Design and Implementation)},
Institution ={International Summer School, Copenhagen, pub.IMAG, Dep. Mathematique Applique, Grenoble, France.},
Year =1970,
Annote ={ Detailed description of SOCRATE schema driven data base system under CP67, and concepts and techniques suitable for data bases. Category ={DBDschema, x7book, @inproceedings{Abrial1974,
Author ={Abrial,Jean-Raymond},
Title ={Data Semantics},
Booktitle ={Klimbie74 and Koffeman (IFIP TC-2).},
Year =1974, Month =Mar,
Annote ={at IMAG (Grenoble) Database model and concepts. Binary relations. of relationships It seems amazing that a lot of concepts in modeling which are only now being implemented (or even discussed) were in this paper back in 1973. A must for anyone interested in data models. Only pages 1-17 are relevant to database modeling. The rest of the paper deals manily with specifying procedures in databases. To quote the author ... this paper belongs to the 'structured programming' area more than to the 'Database' literature... . The first part brings out the need for independence of querying from the mechanism used to get the answer -- semantic data independence. Notions of binary relations and objects and access functions. The idea of constraints associated with operations on objects seems a lot like the ideas of Abstract Data Types.---Maier Category ={DBDobject> DBDschema>%Abrial74 } }

@inproceedings{AbuHakima1988,
Author ={AbuHakima,S. and Oppacher,F.},
Title ={RATIONALE: Developing Expert Systems that Reason by Explaining},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Accetta1980,
Author ={Accetta,M., Robertson,G., Satyanatayanan,M., and Thompson,M.},
Title ={The Design of a Network Based Central File System},
Institution ={CMU, TR.80-123.},
Year =1980, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFsyseval>} }

@article{Achubue1980,
Author ={Achubue,J.O. and Chin,F.Y.},
Title ={The Effectiveness of Output Modification by Rounding for Protection of Statistical Data Bases},
Journal ={Auerbach Annual , N-H 1981.},
Year =1980,
Category ={DBDprivacy.2> DBDprivacy-10>} }

@article{Acker1982,
Author ={Acker,R.D. and Seaman,P.H.},
Title ={Modelling Distributed Processing across Multiple CICS/VS Sites},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1982,
Volume ="24",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFdist>} }

@incollection{Ackoff1981,
Author ={Ackoff,R.L.},
Title ={Towards A System of Systems Concepts},
Booktitle ={Management Information Systems, Riley(ed.).},
Year =1981,
Category ={DBFintro>} }

@manual{ACL1987,
Author ={ACL},
Title ={On-line Bibliography for NLP and Computational Linguistics},
Organization ={American Journal of Computational Linguistics . available for on-line access. (It's distributed by ACL.) You may access the database by EMail with: subject field: a seq of conjunctively interpreted keywords. TO field: clbib at russell.stanford.edu . If you fill the subject field with `HELP', you'll get a msg explaining about the database itself.},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at russell.stanford.edu Category ={DBDnat>} }

@manual{ACM1968,
Author ={ACM Curriculum Committee},
Title ={Curriculum 68, Recommendations for Academic Programs in Computer Science},
Organization ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1968, Month =Mar,
Pages ="151--197",
Volume ="2",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Specification for a comprehensive Academic Computer Science program. Category ={DBDintro>%ACM68 } }

@book{Acton1970,
Author ={Acton,Forman S.},
Title ={Numerical Methods That \ss Usually Work},
Publisher ={Harper and Row, 541pp.},
Year =1970,
Annote ={ Computer-oriented presentation of numerical analysis with many relevant exhortations. Category ={DBFtechn> %Acton70 } }

@techreport{Adair1966,
Author ={Adair,R.J., Bayles,R.U., Comeau,L.W., and Creasy,R.J.},
Title ={A Virtual Machine System for the 360/40},
Institution ={IBM, Cambridge Sci. ctr Report, May .},
Year =1966,
Annote ={at IBM, Data Processing Division ABEND module of OS at SSC Category ={DBFhard> } }

@article{Adam1989,
Author ={Adam,N.R. and Wortmann,J.C.},
Title ={Security-Control Methods for Statistical Databases: a Comparative Study},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys, ; ACM CR 9012-0978.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Volume ="25",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Rutgers; Eindhoven Un. Control methods, conceptual, query restriction, data perturbation, and output perturbation; conditions are positively compromised and partially compromised; new threats: logical inference, diophantine inference, regression methodology Survey examines different approaches; no single method is adequate. Category ={DBDstat> DBDsec> } }

@inproceedings{Adam1992,
Author ={Adam,N., Gangopadhyay,A., and Geller,J.},
Title ={Knowledge Based Query Processing Using Preoptimized Queries},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Adam1993,
Author ={Adam,N. and Gangopadhyay,A.},
Title ={Integrating Functional and Data Modeling in a Computer Integrated Manufacturing System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month =Apr,
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Adams1992,
Author ={Adams,E. and Popovici,G.},
Title ={On Using a Relational Database to Store Full Text for Information Retrieval with a Trigram Based Index},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Hood College; Wyatt, Inc. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Adams1963,
Author ={Adams,S.},
Title ={The MEDLARS System},
Journal ={Fed.Proc..},
Year =1963,
Pages ="1018--1021",
Volume ="22",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Adams1964,
Author ={Adams,S.},
Title ={MEDLARS and the Library Community},
Journal ={Bulletin of the Medical Library Association.},
Year =1964, Month =Jan,
Pages ="171--177",
Volume ="52",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Adams1964:1,
Author ={Adams,S. and Taine,S.},
Title ={Searching the Medical Literature, MEDLARS},
Journal ={Journal of the American Med. Ass.},
Year =1964,
Pages ="251--254",
Volume ="188",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Addanki1986,
Author ={Addanki,S. and Nigam,A.},
Title ={KL-DB: Towards a Unified Approach to Kowledge Representation},
Booktitle ={DS-2, IFIP TC-2 conf.on Knowledge and Data, Portugal.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC semantically augmented database systems based on SDM and KL-ONE Category ={DBDkb> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Addis1982,
Author ={Addis,T.R.},
Title ={A Relation-Based Language Interpreter for a Content Addressable File Store},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="125--163",
Volume ="7",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Brunel Un., DCS (Uxbridge Middlesex, UK) ICL CAFS is used. Category ={DBFmach> DBDrel.3> } } <<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<<< QR started here >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>

@book{Addis1986, Author ={Addis,T.R.},
Title ={Designing Knowledge-based Systems},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 322pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8801-0014.},
Year =1986,
Annote ={ Augmentation to the relational model, a technique called extended relational analysis (ERA) for representing the entity sets perceived by users in a task domain. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDkb, MCS library. } }

@article{AdelsonVelski1963, Author ={AdelsonVelski,G.M. and Landis,Y.M.},
Title ={An Information Organization Algorithm},
Journal ={Translation in NASA document n63-11777.},
Year =1963,
Annote ={Balanced binary trees (AVL trees) Category ={DBFtrees.4> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1976, Author ={Adiba,M., Delobel,C., and Leonard,M.},
Title ={A Unified Approach for Modelling Data in Logical Data Base Design},
Booktitle ={Modelling in Data Base Management Systems, Nijssen(ed), N-H.},
Year =1976,
Pages ="311--338",
Annote ={ Describes a means of translating somewhat restricted network schemas to relational schemas, using a relation to represent each record (including migrated keys) and a relation to represent each set. Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1976:1, Author ={Adiba,M. and Delobel,C.},
Title ={The Cooperation Problem Between Different Data Base Management Systems},
Booktitle ={Res.R. Grenoble no.42.}, Year =1976, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBFhash> DBDdist, DBfile (in French)} }

@inproceedings{Adiba1978, Author ={Adiba,M.E., Chupin,J.C., Demolombe,R., Gardarin,G., and LeBihan,J.},
Title ={Issues in Distributed Data Base Management Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds), W.Berlin, FRG.},
Year =1978,
Pages ="89--110",
Annote ={ Short notes and a comprehensive bibliography. Relates communication to CCITT ISO multi-level protocol. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1978:1, Author ={Adiba,M.E., Caleca,J-I., and Euzet,C.},
Title ={A Distributed Data Base System Using Logical Relational Machines},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds).},
Year =1978,
Pages ="450--461",
Annote ={Description of SIRIUS POLYPHEME project. databases are heterogeneous (IMS, IDS-II, SOCRATE) but there is a common relational interface package. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@techreport{Adiba1979, Author ={Adiba,M. and Andrade,J-M.},
Title ={Distributed Databases},
Institution ={Un.Grenoble RR 193.}, Year =1979, Month =Dec,
Annote ={partitioning and migration Category ={DBDdist, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Adiba1980, Author ={Adiba,M., Andrade,J.M., Decitre,P., Fernandez,F., and Nguyen,T.G.},
Title ={POLYPHEME: An experience in distributed database system design and implementation},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Symposium on Distributed Data Bases 1, Delobel and Litwin(eds), Paris, France.}, Year =1980, Month =Mar,
Pages ="67--84",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Adiba1980:1, Author ={Adiba,M.E. and Lindsay,B.G.},
Title ={Database Snapshots},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. RJ1771(35327).}, Year =1980, Month =Mar,
Annote ={ at Grenoble Un., Laboratoire IMAG, France ; IBM, (San Jose CA) Access to obsolete versions of the database. We discuss snapshots, and implementations and we show the importance of the snapshot concept. System supported snapshots periodically reflect selected portions of the database to view the database `as of' a specific time. Category ={DBDtrans-3.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1981, Author ={Adiba,Michel E.},
Title ={Derived Relations: A Unified Mechanism for Views, Snapshots and Distributed Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).}, Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="293--305",
Annote ={at Grenoble Un., IMAG-LGI, France DEREL can be used to define base relations and to derive different classes of views, snapshots, partitioned and replicated data. DEREL is intended to be part of a general purpose distributed relational database management system. I3 Category ={DBDschema.3.4> DBFhybrid.5.2> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1984, Author ={Adiba,M. and Nguyen,G.T.},
Title ={Handling Constraints and Meta-Data on a Generalized Data Management System},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Pages ="342--359",
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Grenoble, IMAG-LGI, France PROLOG implementation of a Meta-model of TIGRE. Tigre runs on another node of the local net. Category ={DBDschema.3> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1986, Author ={Adiba,M. and Quang,N.B.},
Title ={Historical Multimedia Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.}, Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Grenoble Un., IMAG-LGI, (France) temporal Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Adiba1988, Author ={Adiba,M. and Collet,C.},
Title ={Management of Complex Objects as Dynamic Tools},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.}, Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="134--147",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Adiba1988:1, Author ={Adiba,Michel E.},
Title ={Histories and Versions for Multimedia Complex Objects},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.}, Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Pages ="3--10",
Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Semantics of the evolution of multimedia complex objects. Temporal histories and versions. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@unpublished{Adiba1990, Author ={Adiba,M., Lecluse,C., and Richard,P.},
Title ={Rationale and Design of SDL90, a Database Programming Language},
Note ={rcvd .; submitted to DEXA Mar.1991.}, Year =1990, Month Mar,
Annote ={at LGI-IMAG, Grenoble; Altair designed to provide features from semantic data models and from programming languages; pre and post conditions; a declarative way of spefifying data, integrity contraints, (ISA, classification and membership, and views). defines domains by complex views composed of relations; implementation types with private properties and operations; update is programmed. Category ={DBDlang> DBDobject> VOD, DBfile } }

@article{Adlassnig1985, Author ={Adlassnig,K-P., Kolarz,G., Scheithauer,W., Effenberger,H., and Grabner,G.},
Title ={CADIAG: Approaches to Computer-Assisted Medical Diagnosis},
Journal ={Comput.Biol.Med., Pergamon Press.},
Year =1985,
Pages ="315--335",
Volume ="15",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ at U.Vienna, Dep. MCS, (Garnisongasse 13, A-1090 Vienna, Austria) CADIAG-1 is based on a symbolic logic representation of relationships, as confirming, excluding or obligatory occurence are versus facultative and not confirming relationships. CADIAG-2 is a medical expert system based on a fuzzy set theory. Category ={MIS, DBfile } }

@article{Adlassnig1986, Author ={Adlassnig,K-P., and Kolarz,G.},
Title ={Representation and Semiautomatic Acquisition of Medical Knowledge in CADIAG-1 and CADIAG-2},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, Academic.},
Year =1986,
Pages ="63--79",
Volume ="19",
Annote ={at UCB, CSD; UCB EE Category ={MIS, DBfile} }

@article{Adlassnig1986:1, Author ={Adlassnig,K-P., Kolarz,G., Scheithauer,W., and Grabner,H.},
Title ={Approach to a hospital-based application of a medical expert system},
Journal ={Med.Inf..},
Year =1986,
Pages ="205--223",
Volume ="11",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at UCB, CSD; UCB EE CADIAG-2 Category ={MIS, DBfile } }

@techreport{Adler1984, Author ={Adler,Paul},
Title ={New Technologies, New Skills},
Institution ={Harvard Business School, HBS Case services, work.paper 9-784-076.}, Year =1984, Month =May,
Annote ={effect of automation, specifically on banking Category ={DBappl> } }

@article{Afek1990, Author ={Afek,I., Attiya,H., Dolev,D., Gafni,E., Merritt,M., and Shavit,N.},
Title ={Atomic Snapshots of Shared Memory},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing.},
Year =1990,
Annote ={at TelAviv Un. memory based temporal Category ={DBDconc, DBfile Dolev } }

@inproceedings{Afrati1986, Author ={Afrati,Foto, Papadimitriou,C., Papageorgiou,G., Roussou,A., Sagiv,Y., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Convergence of Sideways Query Evaluation},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA.}, Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at National TU.Athens Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Afrati1987, Author ={Afrati,F. and Papadimitriou,C.},
Title ={The Parallel Complexity of Simple Chain Queries},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.}, Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at National TU.Athens Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Afrati1991, Author ={Afrati,F., Cosmadakis,S.S. and Yannakakis,M.},
Title ={On Datalog versus Polynomial Time},
Booktitle ={ACM-PODS 91, Denver CO.}, Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@techreport{Afsarmanesh1985, Author ={Afsarmanesh,H., McLeod,D., Knapp,D., and Parker,A.},
Title ={An Extensible Object-Oriented Approach to Databases for VLSI/CAD},
Institution ={USC, TR.CRI-85-09.}, Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at USC Category ={EIS, DBfile Parker} }

@incollection{Afsarmanesh1986, Author ={Afsarmanesh,H. and McLeod,D..},
Title ={A Framewpork for Semantic Database Models},
Booktitle ={New Directions for Database Systems, Ariav and Clifford(eds), Ablex.},
Year =1986,
Category ={EIS> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Afsarmanesh1990, Author ={Afsarmanesh,H., Knapp,D., McLeod,D., and Parker,A.},
Title ={An Extensible Object-Oriented Approach to Databases for VLSI/CAD},
Institution ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990,
Category ={DBDobject> EIS> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Afsarmanesh1985:1, Author ={Afsarmanesh,Hamidah},
Title ={3DIS: An Extensible Object-Oriented Information Model},
Institution ={USC CSD, TR-85-21.}, Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDobject> EIS> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Agarwal, Author ={Agarwal,Shailesh},
Title ={Flexible Relations},
Institution ={Stanford PhD thesis, to appear},
Annote ={Views,objects Category ={DBDrel> EIS> VOD>} }

@article{Agarwala1970, Author ={Agarwala,A.K.},
Title ={Learning with a Probabilistic Teacher},
Journal ={IEEE Trans.Information Theory, Vol.IT16 .},
Year =1970, Month =May,
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFtechn.1> %Agarwala70} }

@book{Agosti1986, Author ={Agosti,Maristella},
Title ={Database Design: a Classified and Annotated Bibliography},
Publisher ={Cambridge Un.Press, NY, 92pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8712-0975},
Year =1986,
Annote ={at Un.Padova,Italy 275 articles and books from prior to 1985 are (mostly) annotated. --- Armstrong. Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@article{Agha1985, Author ={Agha,G.},
Title ={A Message-Passing Paradigm for Object Management},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Agha1988, Author ={Agha,Gul},
Title ={The Relation between Problems in Large-Scale Concurrent Systems and Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Yale Un. Category ={PARADATA> DBDdist>} }

@article{Aghili1982, Author ={Aghili,H. and Severance,D.G.},
Title ={Practical guide to the Design of Differential Files for Recovery of On-Line Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Pages ="540-565",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDtrans-3>} }

@inproceedings{Agrawal1988, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Reducing Storage for Quorum Consensus Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="419--430",
Annote ={at UCSB, DCS Category ={DBDconc> DBDdist>} }

@article{Agrawal1989, Author ={Agrawal,D. and Sengupta,S.},
Title ={Modular Synchronization in Multiversion Databases: Version Control and Concurrency Control},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at UCSB, DCS Category ={DBDconc>} }

@article{Agrawal1990, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Integrating security with fault-tolerant distributed databases},
Journal ={Computing J., ; ACM Computing Reviews 9102-0096.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Volume ="33",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ when data are stored redundantly, data can be compromised more easily; two issues: confidentiality and resiliency, the number that can be destroyed by an adversary Category ={DBDreliab> } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalE1990:1, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Locks with Constrained Sharing},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Nashville.},
Year =1990, Month Apr,
Annote ={at UCSB Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalE1990:2, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={The Tree Quorum Protocol: An Efficient Approach for Managing Replicated Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{AgrawalE1990:3, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Storage Efficient Replicated Databases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering . .},
Year =1990, Month =Sep,
Volume ="2",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ fragmentation reduces the storage overhead of replicated objects; generalization of quorum algorithms. Category ={DBDreliab> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Agrawal1991, Author ={Agrawal,Divyakant },
Title ={Performance Characteristics of Protocols with Ordered Shared Locks},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDperf>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalE1991, Author ={Agrawal,D and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Using Data Migration for Heterogeneous Databases},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalK1991, Author ={Agrawal,D. and Krishnaswamy,V.},
Title ={Using Multiversion Data for Non-interfering Execution of Write-only Transactions},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={at UCSB Category ={DBDconc> DBDtrans>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalEJ1992:1, Author ={Agrawal,D., ElAbbadi,A., and Jeffers,R.},
Title ={Using Delayed Commitment in Locking Protocols for Real-Time Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalEJ1992:2, Author ={Agrawal,D., ElAbbadi,A., and Jeffers,R.},
Title ={An Approach to Eliminate Transaction Blocking in Locking Protocols},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalE1992:1, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={Resilient Logical Structures for Efficient Management of Replicated Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ high availability at low communication cost for read operations Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{AgrawalE1992:2, Author ={Agrawal,D. and ElAbbadi,A.},
Title ={The Generalized Tree Quorum Protocol: an Efficient Approach for Managing Replicated Data},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Dec,
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalEa1988, Author ={Agrawal,P., Bitton,D., Guh,K., Liu,C., and Yu,C.},
Title ={Case Study for Distributed Query Processing},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Un.Illinois, Chicago Category ={DBFdist>} }

@article{Agrawal1983, Author ={Agrawal,R., Carey,M.J., and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Deadlock Detection is Cheap},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Pages ="19--34",
Volume ="13",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison Category ={DBDintegrity.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Agrawal1985, Author ={Agrawal,Rakesh},
Title ={A Parallel Logging Algorithm for Multiprocessor Database Machines},
Booktitle ={IWDM 4, DeWitt and Boral(eds.), Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), Bahamas.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBFmach> DBDprivacy.3>} }

@article{AgrawalC1985, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Carey,M.},
Title ={The Performance of Concurrency Control and Recovery Algorithms for Transaction-oriented Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="50--57",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDtrans-3> DBDdist>} }

@article{AgrawalD1985, Author ={Agrawal,R. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Integrated Concurrency Control and Recovery Mechanisms: Design and Performance Evaluation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 8610-0934.},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Pages ="529--564",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDtrans> DBDintegrity>} }

@unpublished{AgrawalJ1986, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={On Bounded Linear Recursion},
Note ={rcvd..},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Observes that since the classes on which Ioannidis' algorithm and Naughton's algorithm work are incommensurate, you can get a larger class by taking the union. ---jeff Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Agrawal1987, Author ={Agrawal,Rakesh},
Title ={ALPHA: An Extension of Relational Algebra to Express a Class of Recursive Queries},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs. [Ahad,Yao,Choi87] D.1. The alpha operator takes transitive closures, but also produces a record of the path taken. Works wonderfully when your graph is a straight line. ---jeff An alpha operator allows a large class of recursive queries. ---gio Category ={DBDkb> DBDlogic> DBDrel> DBDops, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalJ1987, Author ={Agrawal,R., and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Direct Algorithms for Computing the Transitive Closure of Database Relations},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13 (Brighton, UK).},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDtheory> DBDquery> DBDlogic>} }

@article{AgrawalCL1985, Author ={Agrawal,R., Carey,M., and Livney,M.},
Title ={Concurrency Control Performance-Modeling: Alternatives and Implications},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data .},
Year =1985, Annote ={
This paper is unique in that it studies the implications of fundamental assumptions regarding system resources, transactions restarts, and predeclarations of writes. Essential reading. ---H.Korth. Category ={DBDtrans-3> DBDdist> DBtechm> } }

@article{AgrawalCM1987, Author ={Agrawal,R., Carey,M.J., and McVoy,L.W.},
Title ={The Performance of Alternative Strategies for Dealing with Deadlocks in Database Management Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-13 .},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Pages ="1348--1363",
Number ="12",
Annote ={ A. Continuous detection, periodic detection, delecting to break deadlock cycles. 1) Current Blocker. 2) Random Blocker. 3) Min Locks. 4) Youngest. 5) Min Work. B. Prevention: Wound-Wait, Wait-Die, Immediate-Restart, Running-Priority. C. Timeout. Category ={DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalD1988, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Devanbu,P.},
Title ={Moving Selections into Linear Least Fixpoint Queries},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988,
Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@unpublished{AgrawalDJ1988, Author ={Agrawal,R., Dar,S., and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Transitive Closure Algorithms Revisited: The Case of Path Computation},
Note ={rcvd..},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs, (Murray Hill NJ) Implementation considerations for practical DBMS. These guys invented `closed semirings', but they haven't got the `closed' part, so they can only handle acyclic paths. They also noticed, as in AHU-1974, that Floyd's and WArshall's algorithms are really the same idea, and perhaps in their next paper, they'll notice that Kleene's algorithm is too. ---Jeff. Category ={DBDops> DBDquery> DBDlogic, DBfile home } }

@unpublished{AgrawalJ1984, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Efficient Search in Expert Database Systems},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs, (Murray Hill NJ) Levels versus storage structure in minimum path closure computation. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalJ1989, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Materialization and Incremental Update of Path Information},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDperform>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalJ1988, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Efficient Search in Very Large Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="407--418",
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs, (Murray Hill NJ) Partial derivation, useful for mediation. ---Gio Category ={DBDperform> DBDkb> } }

@article{AgrawalVJ1988, Author ={Agrawal,R., Valduriez,P., and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Multiprocessor Transitive Closure Algorithms},
Journal ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs Paradata. Category ={DBDlogic> DBDdist> DBDarchitecture> } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalDJ1989, Author ={Agrawal,R., Dar,S., and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Composition of Database Relations},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{AgrawalG1989, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Gehani,N.H.},
Title ={ODE (Object Database and Environment): The Language and the Data Model},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs, (Murray Hill NJ) Presents the facilities provided in O++ and the data model it supports. O++ is a database programming language based on C++ (extending C++ classes). ---BSLee. Describes a persistent object extension to C++. Static type checking. Compiler, Versions, Constraints as procedures called when object created, I don't think the constraints are checked when the DB is updated, though. Triggers as procedures to be called when condition over object becomes true. ---T.Risch. Category ={DBDobject> DBDlang> } }

@article{AgrawalBJ1989, Author ={Agrawal,R., Borgida,A., and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Efficient Management of Transitive Relationships in Large Data and Knowledge Bases},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalJ1989, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.V.},
Title ={Recovery Algorithms for Database Machines with Non-Volatile Memory},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Agrawal1989, Author ={Agrawal,Rakesh},
Title ={On Correctly Configuring Versioned Objects},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs (Murray Hill NJ) Object management; a system comprising a set of objects is configured by selecting a version for each of the objects that constitute the system. A configuration is also a versioned object. Category ={DBDobject> EIS> DBDdesign> } }

@article{AgrawalD1989, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Devanbu,P.},
Title ={Moving Selections into Linear Least Fixpoint Queries},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Pages ="424--432",
Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ selection transposition rules for relational algebra are incorrect when the LEP operator is added; moves the strongest selection. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalGS1990, Author ={Agrawal,R., Gehani,N.H. and Srinivasan,J.},
Title ={OdeView: The Graphical Interface to Ode},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={multimedia Category ={DBDquery> DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Agrawal1J990, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Jagadish,H.},
Title ={Directed Transitive Closure Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@article{AgrawalDJ1990, Author ={Agrawal,R., Dar,S., and Jagadish,H.},
Title ={Directed Transitive Closure Algorithms: Design and Performance Evaluation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1990, Month =Sep,
Volume ="15",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalCL1991, Author ={Agrawal,R., Cochrane,R.J., and Lindsay,B.G.},
Title ={On Maintaining Priorities in a Production Rule System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawaEal1992, Author ={Agrawal,R., Ghosh,A., Imielinski,T., Iyer,B., and Swami,A.},
Title ={An Interval Classifier for Database Mining Applications},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ marketing example; creates decision rules; compared with CART and ID3; splits continuous values into weak and strong intervals Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{AgrawalDG1993, Author ={Agrawal,R., Dar,S., and Gehani,N.},
Title ={The O++ Database Programming Language: Implementation and Experience},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM; ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalK1993, Author ={Agrawal,R. and Kiernan,J.},
Title ={An Access Structure for Generalized Transitive Closure Queries},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM Almaden Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{AgrawalIS1993, Author ={Agrawal,R., Imielinski,T., and Swami,A.},
Title ={Mining Association Rules between Sets of Items in Large Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@unpublished{Ahad1987, Author ={Ahad,R., Bingyao,S., and Hwa,C.J.},
Title ={Modeling and Classification of Recursive Queries},
Note ={Rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Maryland, Dep.Information Systems Classification, with subsumption hierarchy. Correctness is questionable. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Ahad1989, Author ={Ahad,R., BapaRao,K.V., and McLeod,D.},
Title ={On Estimating the Cardinality of the Projection of a Database Relation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 9005-0418.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Pages ="28--40",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland A technique when some information about the number of objects that participate in a relationship is known. Uses normal distribution estimates. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Ahad1991, Author ={Ahad,Rafiul },
Title ={ESQL: A Query Language for the Relation Model Supporting Image Domains},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Ahamad1989, Author ={Ahamad,M. and Ammar,M.},
Title ={Performance Characterization of Quorum-consensus algorithms for Replicated Data},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="492--495",
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at GIT, Athens measures the proportion of successfull transactions in systems which aborts if data are not available and the mean response time in which systems wait Category ={DBDconc> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Ahamed1993, Author ={Ahamed,S. and Lawrence,V.},
Title ={Interoperability of Multiple DBs for the Design and Simulation of High-Speed Digital Subscriber Lines},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at City Un.of NY; Bell Labs Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Ahituv1987, Author ={Ahituv,N., Yeheskel,L., and Neumann,S.},
Title ={Processing Encrypted Data},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 8812-0933.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="777--780",
Volume ="30",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at Tel Aviv Un., Israel Processing while the data are still encrypted. Limit to operation is integer modular addition. ---Meadows. Category ={DBFprotect> DBFrepresent> } }

@article{Ahituv1987:1, Author ={Ahituv,Niv},
Title ={A Metamodel of Information Flow: A Tool to Support Information Systems Theory},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 8901-0028},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="781--791",
Volume ="30",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at Tel Aviv Un., Israel; Claremont Grad.School. States along the flow of data: physical events, language(data), stored data, human data processing, and decision making. Basis for different data flow models. Is set-theoretical. Illustrative examples. Data processing is decomposed into selection, manipulation, and delay. Value of data is obtained when data are perceived. ---Krejci Category ={DEng> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Ahlsen1990, Author ={Ahlsen,M., Bjornerstedt,A., Britts,S., Hulten,C., and Soderland,L.},
Title ={An Architecture for Object Management in OIS},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Ahlsen1985, Author ={Ahlsen,M., Bjornerstedt,A., and Hulten,C.},
Title ={OPAL: An Object-Based System for Application Development},
Journal ={Syslab Report .},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Number ="38",
Annote ={ at Chalmers Un.Tech., CSD; Un.Goteborg (Goteborg, Sweden) Category ={DBDobject, DBfile Syslab } }

@unpublished{Ahmed1990, Author ={Ahmed,R. and Rafi,A.},
Title ={Relational Schema Mapping and Query Translation in Pegasus},
Note ={COSI Workshop, Tulsa.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ objects in heterogeneous languages can be mapped to relational systems as well Category ={DBDdist> DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Ahmed1991, Author ={Ahmed,R. and Navathe,S.},
Title ={Version Management of Composite Objects in CAD Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={EIS> DBDobject>} }

@article{Ahmed1991:1, Author ={Ahmed,R. et al.},
Title ={The Pegasus Heterogeneous Multidatabase System},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Volume ="24",
Number ="12",
Annote ={at HP, Palo Alto object-oriented data modeling and programming; Pegasus uses both type and function abstractions to resolve mapping and integration uses a heterogemous Object SQL, maintains object information, derived functions, limited optimization Category ={DBDdist> DBDobject> DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Ahmed1993, Author ={Ahmed,R., Albert,J., Ketabchi,M., and Shan,M.},
Title ={Automatic Importation of Relational Schemas in Pegasus},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at HP Labs Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel>} } @misc{1993, Title ={An Overview of Pegasus},
Howpublished ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Ahn1986, Author ={Ahn,Ilsoo},
Title ={Towards an Implementation of Database Management Systems with Temporal Support},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.North Carolina Discusses file organization strategies for time variant databases with tuple or attribute versioning. Considers performance characteristics of proposed file organizations. Emphasis on CD-ROM (optical) technology ---Downs. Two schemes to store temporal information of data in database systems are discussed. Tuple versioning: each tuple is augmented with an interval while the tuple is valid. Updating one attribute requires to copy the whole tuple. Attribute versioning : Each dynamic attribute is augmented with an interval. Each attribute has to have its own time information. File organizations for time variant database systems are also discussed. Two-level storage structure: use two storage areas to separate history data from current data, is proposed. History data may be stored in write once media, but index schemes on write-once media are not considered. ---H.Shima. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Ahn1986:1, Author ={Ahn,I. and Snodgrass,R.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of a Temporal Database Management System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Category ={DBDnewDBMS>} }

@article{Ahn1988, Author ={Ahn,I. and Snodgrass,R.},
Title ={Partitioned Storage for Temporal Databases},
Journal ={Inf.Sys.},
Year =1988, Volume ="13",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Current and historical data are stored distinctly to avoid ISAM problems, joint indexes, snapshots may require both. Performance in INGRES. Category ={DBDops> DBFrepresent, DBfile Snodgrass } }

@article{Ahn1989, Author ={Ahn,I. and Snodgrass,R.},
Title ={Performance Analysis of Temporal Queries},
Journal ={Information Sciences,2,3.},
Year =1989, Volume ="49",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ model takes a temporal query and a database schema as input, and outputs the estimated cost; validates the actual cost measured witjh TQUEL, and INGRES extension Category ={DBDops> DBDperf, DBfile Snodgrass } }

@book{Aho1974, Author ={Aho,A.V., Hopcroft,E., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={The Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1974, Annote ={Chapter 5 has deadlock detection algorithms. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> } }

@article{Aho1977, Author ={Aho,A.V., Johnson,S.C., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Code Generation for Expressions with Common Subexpressions},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1977, Month =Jan,
Pages ="146--160",
Volume ="24",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel} }

@article{Aho1979, Author ={Aho,A.V., Sagiv,Y., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Equivalences among Relational Expressions},
Journal ={SIAM J. Comptg..},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Pages ="218--246",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDtheory.3>} }

@article{Aho1979:1, Author ={Aho,A.V., Beeri,C., and Ullman,J.},
Title ={The Theory of Joins in Relational Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Sep,
Pages ="297--314",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Bell Labs; Princeton Un. Losslessnes of joins is explored. The examples have suprising dependencies. Category ={DBDtheory.3> } }

@inproceedings{Aho1979:2, Author ={Aho,A.V. and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Universality of Data Retrieval Languages},
Booktitle ={Conf.Record Annual ACM Symp. Principles of Programming Languages 6, San Antonio TX,},
Year =1979, Month =Jan,
Pages ="110--117",
Annote ={ Parallel execution of loops in first order. Complexity. Category ={DBDlogic> DBFindex.3> DBDquery> DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Aho1979:3, Author ={Aho,A.V. and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Optimal Partial-Match Retrieval When Fields Are Independently Specified},
Booktitle ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Pages ="168--179",
Volume ="4",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Bell Labs; Princeton Un. Category ={DBFindex.5.5> DBFimpl.6> } }

@article{Aho1979:4, Author ={Aho,A.V., Sagiv,Y., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Efficient Optimization of a Class of Relational Expressions},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Dec,
Pages ="435--454",
Volume ="4",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Bell Labs; Princeton Un. Optimizing queries based on select, project, and join. Category ={DBFindex.3> DBFeval.4> DBDrel.2> DBDquery> } }

@book{Aho1982, Author ={Aho,A.V.(ed)},
Title ={Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Principles of Database Systems},
Publisher ={ACM , order , 305pp.},
Year =1982, Number ="475820",
Annote ={ ACM-PODS 1, Mar.1982, Los Angeles, sponsored by ACM-SIGACT and ACM-SIGMOD. Category ={DBDintro> } }

@article{Aho1982:1, Author ={Aho,A.V.},
Title ={Database Systems: Database Work at Bell Labatories},
Journal ={Bell System Technical J., Part 2.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="2383--2385",
Volume ="61",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at Bell Labs Category ={DBDintro>} }

@inproceedings{Ahuga1980, Author ={Ahuga,S. and Roberts,C.S.},
Title ={Superimposed Codes},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual Symposium on Computer Architecture 7, La Baule, France.},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Pages ="218--227",
Annote ={at Bell Labs Recommended. ---Miya. Category ={DBFtree> DBFconc> } }

@inproceedings{Ahuja1987, Author ={Ahuja,M.L. and Browne,J.C.},
Title ={Concurrency Control by Preordering Entities in Distributed Databases with Multi-Versioned Entities},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, LA.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ combines existing algorithms for consistency maintenance, ordering imposes constraints on users Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Ahuja1988, Author ={Ahuja,M.L. and Browne,J.C.},
Title ={Performance evaluation of two concurrency control protocols for distributed databases with multiversioned entities},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Aiello1980, Author ={Aiello,N., Bock,C., Nii,H.P., and White,W.C.},
Title ={The Joy of AGE-ing: An Introduction to AGE-1 System},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CSD, Heuristic Programming Project.},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Nii} }

@techreport{AitKaci1984, Author ={AitKaci,Hassan},
Title ={A Lattice Theoretic Approach to Computation based on a Calculus of Partially Ordered Type Structures},
Institution ={U.Penn, PhD Th..},
Year =1984, Annote ={at U.Pennsylvania, Moore School Formalization of semantic nets, including inheritance lattices. Category ={DBDschema.1> DBDmodel.3, Thesis shelf } }

@incollection{AitKaci1984:1, Author ={AitKaci,Hassan},
Title ={Type Subsumption as a Model of Computation},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="124--150",
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at MCC (Austin TX) semantic extensions of logical algebra. Category ={DBDschema.1> DBDmodel.3> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{AitKaci1985, Author ={AitKaci,H. and Nasr,R.},
Title ={LOGIN: a logic programming language with built-in inheritance},
Institution ={Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam), now CMCSC, TR-AI-068-85.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul, Category ={DBDkb, DBFile} }

@article{AitKaci1989, Author ={AitKaci,H., Boyer,R., Lincoln,P., and Nasr,R.},
Title ={Efficient Implementation of Lattice Operations},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Pages ="115--146",
Volume ="11",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at MCC, ACA Program Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Ajitomi1989, Author ={Ajitomi,N. and Kurose,H.},
Title ={An Enhanced RETE Algorithm for Large Scale Data Access},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Intern. Symp.on Database Systems for Advanced Applications 1, Seoul Korea.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="117--124",
Annote ={at Ricoh Co., Software Res.Ctr, (Tokyo Japan) Change forward chaining of RETE to trigger selected nodes for processing via 3 message types. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@article{Akima1987, Author ={Akima,Noboru},
Title ={The SIGMA Project and Database Issues},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="32--36",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={ at Information-Technology Promotion Agency, SIGMA Project, (Tokyo Japan) Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Akinyokun1985, Author ={Akinyokun,O.C., Stocker,P.M., and Borges,M.R.S.},
Title ={Bidirectional mapping between a user-oriented conceptual schema and a target logical schema: the ACS},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the British National Conference on Databases 4, ; ACM CR 8608-??.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul, Annote ={at Un.East Anglia, Norwich Category ={DBDschema>} }

@incollection{Akoka1982, Author ={Akoka,J.},
Title ={Design of Optimal Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Distributed Databases, Delobel and Litwin(eds), N-H.},
Year =1982, Annote ={ considered the problem of database allocation rather than file allocation with a simpler model of transaction execution than Casey and without considering horizontal partitioning. Category ={DBFmethods.4.4> DBDdist> } }

@article{Akopyan1979, Author ={Akopyan,K.A., Vartapetov,E.A., and Vel'bitskii,I.V.},
Title ={Description of a Methodology for the Design of Automated Information Systems},
Journal ={Cybernetics, (translation of Kibernetika, May-), Jan.1980.},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Volume ="15",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Represent objects and processes of the real world, and develop standard structures for the storage of data and methods for their processing by means of a procedure-independent user language. The advent of the R-technology. Category ={DEng, FASAC 151 } }

@article{Akscyn1988, Author ={Akscyn,R., McCracken,D., and Yoder,E.},
Title ={KMS: a distributed hypermedia system for managing knowlege in organizations},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 8908--575.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul, Volume ="31",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Knowledge Systems, PA elaboration of ZOG (CMU); simple model: frames and links; emphasis on the user interface; KMS lacks graphic view of the hypertext structure. ---Bolter. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Akyuerek1993, Author ={Akyuerek,S. and Salem,K.},
Title ={Adaptive Block Rearrangement},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Maryland Category ={DBDschema} }

@book{Alagic1986, Author ={Alagic,Suad},
Title ={Relational Database Technology},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 259pp.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Un.Sarajevo (Yugoslavia) Category ={DBDintro> DBDrel> } }

@book{Alagic1989, Author ={Alagic,Suad},
Title ={Object-Oriented Database Programming},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 320pp.},
Year =1989, Category ={DBDobject, x} }

@inproceedings{Alashqur1989, Author ={Alashqur,A.M., Su,S.Y.W., and Lam,H.},
Title ={OQL: A Query Language for Manipulating Object-Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at DSRD, Un.Florida (Gainesville FL) Languages for OODB; algebra so that results are structured using the same data model. Category ={DBDobject> DBDquery, DBfile Su } }

@inproceedings{Alashqur1990, Author ={Alashqur,A.M., Su,S.Y., and Lam,H.},
Title ={A Rule-based Language for Deductive Object-Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Florida Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Alavi1984, Author ={Alavi,M.},
Title ={An Assessment of the Prototyping Approach to Information Systems Development},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Volume ="27",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Albano1984, Author ={Albano,A. and Orisini,R.},
Title ={A Prototyping Approach to Database Applications Development},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="64--69",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDschema.5>} }

@inproceedings{Albano1984:1, Author ={Albano,A., Giannotti,F., Orsini,R. and Pedreschi,D.},
Title ={Data Types and Objects in Conceptual Modeling},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Universita di Pisa, Italy Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb> } }

@article{Albano1990, Author ={Albano,A., Cardelli,L., and Orisini,R.},
Title ={GALILEO: A Strongly Typed, Interactive Conceptual Language},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDdesign> DBDschema.5>} }

@book{Albano1985, Author ={Albano,A., deAntonellis,V., and diLeva,A.},
Title ={Computer-Aided Database Design: The DATAID Project},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDdesign.7.5, QA76.9.D3C66} }

@inproceedings{Albano1991, Author ={Albano,A., Ghelli,G., and Orsini,R.},
Title ={A Relationship Mechanism for a Strongly Typed Object-Oriented Database Programming Language},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Albano1993, Author ={Albano,A., Bergamini,R., Ghelli,G., and Orsini,R.},
Title ={An Object Data Model with Roles},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Albert1991, Author ={Albert,J.},
Title ={Algebraic Properites of Bag Data Types},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ union and intersection semantics match set semantics, as does boolean selection; by defining bag difference complement is defined as well; crossproduct and join is not mentioned Category ={DBDschema> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Albert1983, Author ={Albert,T.M.},
Title ={Geoscience Data Management},
Journal ={Computers and Geosciences, Pergamon Press.},
Year =1983, Annote ={at U.S. Geological Survey, Reston VA The volume of USGS data in digital form at this time is the equivalent of between 10**10and 10**14 characters. NAS suggests a national geophysical data policy. Earth Science Information System (ESIS) which is an interactive, computerized referral system that contains data about our data. The USGS signed an agreement with NBS for Federal earth-science data standards in hydrology, geology, geography, and cartography. Model 204 seems to be the most powerful for general scientific work. Category ={DBappl> DBFrepresent.2, CODMAC } }

@article{Albridge1988, Author ={Albridge,K.M., Standish,J. and Fries,J.F.},
Title ={Hierarchical Time-Oriented Approaches to Missing Data Inference},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, Academic,},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="349--366",
Volume ="21",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Stanford Un., Dep.of Medicine Temporal Category ={MIS> DBDstat> } }

@techreport{Aldred1974, Author ={Aldred,B.K. and Smedley,B.S.},
Title ={An Urban Management System--General Overview},
Institution ={IBM, UK Scientific Ctr, TR.UKSC-53 (Peterlee UK).},
Year =1974, Month =May,
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{AlFedaghi1981, Author ={AlFedaghi,S. and Scheuermann,P.},
Title ={Mapping considerations in the design of schemas for the relational model},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Volume ="7",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Alford1977, Author ={Alford,M.W.},
Title ={A Requirements Engineering Methodology for Real-Time Processing Requirements},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-3 .},
Year =1977, Pages ="60--69",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFuse-2> DBDdesign>} }

@book{Aleksander1985, Author ={Aleksander,Igor (ed)},
Title ={Advanced Digital Information Systems},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBFintro, TK7885.A625} }

@incollection{Aleksandrov1984, Author ={Aleksandrov,V.V., Alekseyev,A.I., and Gorskiy,N.D.},
Title ={Compatibility of Data Structures in DBMS and Data Processing Systems (SOD)},
Booktitle ={Problemno-oriyentirovannyye informatsionnyye sistemy, Leningrad, .},
Year =1984, Pages ="27--30",
Annote ={at USSR Acad.Sci., Leningrad Sci.Res.Comp.Ctr Category ={DBDimpl@inproceedings{Aleliunas1991, Author ={Aleliunas,Romas },
Title ={A Knowledge-Based Subsystem for a Natural Language Interface to a Database that Predicts and Explains Query Failures},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDnat>} }

@inproceedings{Alford1984, Author ={Alford,M.},
Title ={Derivation of Database/Management Design from System Requirements},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at TRW Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{AlHajj1992, Author ={AlHajj,R. and Arkun,M.},
Title ={Queries in Object-Oriented Database Systems},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Bilkent University, Turkey Category ={DBDkb> DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{AlHajj1993, Author ={AlHajj,R. and Arkun,M.},
Title ={A Query Model for Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Bilkent Un. Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Allchin1980, Author ={Allchin,J., Keller,A., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={FLASH: A Language-Independent Portable File Access System},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 80.},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Pages ="151--156",
Category ={DBFindex.4>} }

@article{Allchin1980:1, Author ={Allchin,J.E.},
Title ={Modula and a Question of Time},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-6 .},
Year =1980, Month =Jul, Pages ="390--391",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Stanford Un., DCS Importance of proper management of this abstract concept in real-time systems; experience with Modula and suggestion for ADA. Category ={DBFrealtime> DBFuse-2.1> DBFhybrid.3> } }

@techreport{Allchin1982, Author ={Allchin,J.E. and McKendry,M.S.},
Title ={Object-based Synchronization and Recovery},
Institution ={GIT Tech.R. 8215.},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDobject> DBFreliab, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Allchin1982:1, Author ={Allchin,James E.},
Title ={A Suite of Algorithms for Maintaining Replicated Data Using Weak Correctness Conditions},
Booktitle ={Tech.Rep. GIT-Intern. Conf. on Supercomputing-8218, Georgia Inst.of Tech.},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ Weak is simply less than serializability. Synchronization sets are local logs that guarantee recovery. Fauve. Category ={DBDdist> DBDconc> DBDreliab, DBfile } }

@techreport{Allchin1983, Author ={Allchin,J.E.},
Title ={An Architecture for Reliable Distributed Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., Georgia Inst.of Tech, School of Info.and Comp.sci..},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFrepresent>} }

@article{Allen1975, Author ={Allen,A.O.},
Title ={Elements of Queuing Theory for System Design},
Journal ={IBM, G3321-5009.},
Year =1975, Annote ={ Compact collection of queuing formulae with examples. Category ={DBFtechn.4> %Allen75 } }

@article{Allen1987, Author ={Allen,Franklin},
Title ={Discovering Personal Probabilities when Utility Functions are Unknown},
Journal ={Management Science, Journal of TIMS.},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Pages ="542--544",
Volume ="33",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Penn, Wharton School random sampling from a distribution is used to elicit values. Category ={MIS> DBDutil> } }

@article{Allen1982, Author ={Allen,F.W., Loomis,M.E.S., and Mannino,M.V.},
Title ={The Integrated dictionary/directory system},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="245--286",
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ A comprehensive survey of dictionary/directory system features with examples from commercial systems Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@inproceedings{Allen1981, Author ={Allen,J.F.},
Title ={An interval-based representation of temporal knowledge},
Booktitle ={Proc.International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA), Vancouver BC.},
Year =1981, Pages ="221--226",
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Allen1983, Author ={Allen,James F.},
Title ={Maintaining Knowledge about Temporal Intervals},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Pages ="832--843",
Volume ="21",
Number ="11",
Annote ={ a calculus of convex intervals. Defines operations. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Allen1984, Author ={Allen,J.F.},
Title ={Toward a General Model of Action and Time},
Journal ={Artificial Intelligence.},
Year =1984, Volume ="23",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Allen1973, Author ={Allen,J.R. and Walker,Verdon R.},
Title ={Data Integrity in the GIANT System},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , pp.M60 to M62.},
Year =1973, Volume ="42",
Annote ={at Management Systems Corp (Salt Lake City UT) A short note on key matching in a genealogical data base Category ={DBFuse-4> } }

@inproceedings{Allen1968, Author ={Allen,Roy P.},
Title ={Omnibus, A Large Data Base Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS , Thompson Books.},
Year =1968, Pages ="157--164",
Volume ="33",
Annote ={at Fireman's Fund (San Francisco) Description of large insurance policy filing system, using an indexed seq. org.. Category ={DBFindex.3> %Allen68 } }

@article{Allen1966, Author ={Allen,S.I., Barnett,G.O., and Castleman,P.A.},
Title ={Use of a Time-shared General Purpose File Handling System in Hospital Res.},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE.},
Year =1966, Pages ="1641--1648",
Volume ="54",
Annote ={Early MUMPS paper. Category ={DBFtrees.5>} }

@inproceedings{Allgeyer1987, Author ={Allgeyer,K. and Kratzer,K.},
Title ={Expert System Based Configuration of VSAM Files},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, LA.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFimpl>} }

@techreport{Allman1975, Author ={Allman,Eric, Stonebraker,M., and Held,G.},
Title ={Embedding a Relational Data Sublanguage in a General Purpose Programming Language},
Institution ={UCB, Elec.Res.Lab, Memo No.ERL-M564.},
Year =1975, Month =Oct,
Annote ={QUEL language for INGRES in UNIX-C. Category ={DBDrel.2, xUC> } }

@article{Allman1982, Author ={Allman,E. and Stonebraker,M.},
Title ={Observations on the Evolution of a Software System},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="27--32",
Annote ={at UCB INGRES encompasses about 75,000 lines of code in 'C' and runs on Unix. Over the past six years, Ingres has evolved into a functionally complete and usable prototype. Development required 25 to 30 programmer-years by a total of 19 people and the system is now in use at over 125 sites around the world. Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Almarode1990, Author ={Almarode,J. and Anderson,T.L.},
Title ={EasyObjects Designer: A Tool for Object-Oriented Database Design},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul, Annote ={at Servio Logic Corp, Beaverton, OR a window-based, graphical schema editor for Gemstone rules for enforcing correctness of schema models and evolution (see Kim et al TOIS paper) Category ={DBDdesign> DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Alonso1985, Author ={Alonso,R., Barbara,D., Cordon,R., GarciaMolina,H., Kent,J., and Pitelli,F.},
Title ={Distributed Database Research at Princeton},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="68--75",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Alonso1987, Author ={Alonso,R., GarciaMolina,H., and Salem,K.},
Title ={Concurrency Control and Recovery for Global Procedures in Federated Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="5--11",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Princeton Un., CSD Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDdist> } }

@incollection{Alonso1987:1, Author ={Alonso,R., Barbara,D., GarciaMolina,H., and Abad,S.},
Title ={Quasi-copies: Efficient data sharing for information retrieval systems},
Booktitle ={Princeton Un., CS-TR-101-87.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={FAUVE replication at local sites. Category ={DBDbiblio> DBDperf> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Alonso1989, Author ={Alonso,R. and Barbara,D.},
Title ={Negotiating Data Access in Federated Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@incollection{Alonso1989:1, Author ={Alonso,R., Barbara,D., and Cova,L.L.},
Title ={Data Sharing in Large Heterogeneous Information Networks},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Princeton Un., CSD Federated architecture sketched includes a Resource Discovery Manager, a Negotiation Manager and a Bookkeeper. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Alonso1990, Author ={Alonso,R. and Cova,L.},
Title ={Managing Replicated Copies in Very Large Distributed Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE Workshop on the Management of Replicated Data, Houston.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Princeton; Florida Int.Un. quasi-copies; specification example Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Alonso1990:1, Author ={Alonso,R., Barbara,D., and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Data caching issues in an information retrieval system},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1990, Month =Sep,
Volume ="15",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ focus: cache coherency in distributed information retrieval systems one central server site, data cached at client site. Less response time, but more overhead in maintaining multiple copies. To reduce overhead, allow copies to diverge in a controlled fashion - notion of quasi copies and quasi-caching. - users can precisely define limits for divergence of quasi-copies. - reduces update propagation overhead - main difference with materialized views is that here user can establish degree of coherency - implementation possibilities: invalidate/refresh out-of-date data, include automatic expiration date etc. Paper surveys various implementation strategies and their tradeoffs. users give two types of conditions on quasi-caches: selection and coherency. - selection conditions specify which object images will be cached at the user site. - modifiers: - Add/drop (add to cache or remove) - compulsory or advisory (whether caching is to be enforced or to be taken as a hint) - query optimizer can take advantage if caching is compulsory - advisory selection gives greater system flexibility - static / dynamic ( static => objects selected once when the condition is issued by a user, dynamic => changes in data cause objects to be - triggering delay: specifies acceptable delay for dynamic selections - coherency conditions define the allowable deviations between an object and its images. - default: image must have a valid value (though out-of-date) - delay: how much time an image may lag behind an object - version: acceptable lag of how many versions - periodic: image to be refreshed periodically - arithmetic: deviations limited by the difference between the values of the object and its image. - can also have inter-object consistency constraints. implementation issues - transmission delays and failures: null messages sent out by central site to check if client is alive etc. - what to propagate: - data message: contains new values to overwrite old ones in cache - invalidation message: only identifies invalid object to be purged from the cache, but does not contain new values. - version number message: provides new version numbers only - no new data - implicit invalidation: no message from central site, cache images automatically invalidated after a certain time. - when to propagate: - last minute: delayed until a selection/coherency condition is about to be violated. - immediately: as soon as updates occur - delayed update at central site, so no cache conditions are violated. - collapsing conditions: - possible to collapse several coherency conditions on same object into one - load balancing: central site can partially off-load enforcement of consistency to clients describes a probabilistic performance model and simulation results - simulation parameters are network traffic, query processing time, update installation time etc. conclusions: - quasi-caching can potetially improve performance and availability - problems if: - selection and consistency constraints are complex - large number of updates at central site - open issues: - how much data to cache - how does choice of when to propagate updates affect performance etc. I3 Category ={DBDbiblio> DBDperf> } }

@inproceedings{Alonso1991, Author ={Alonso,Rafael },
Title ={Data Sharing in a Large Heterogeneous Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Alonso1991:1, Author ={Alonso,R. and Tal,A.},
Title ={Dealing with Failures in Heterogeneous Databases},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Alonso1993, Author ={Alonso,R., Haber,E., and Korth,H.},
Title ={A Mobile Computer Interface for Heterogeneous Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Matsushita Information Technology Laboratory Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Alsberg1975, Author ={Alsberg,P.A.},
Title ={Space and Time Savings through Large Data Base Compression and Dynamic Restructuring},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE, Hoagland(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1114--1122",
Volume ="63",
Number ="8",
Annote ={counterexample to Gardarin 87. Category ={DBDmodel> at Un.Illinois, Ctr for Advanced Computation (Urbana-Champaign) Category ={DBFeval.4> DBFrepresent-4, Shel } }

@techreport{Alsberg1976, Author ={Alsberg,P.A., Belford,G.G., Day,J.D., and Grapa,E.},
Title ={Multi-copy Resiliency Techniques},
Institution ={Un.Illinois, Ctr for Advanced Computation, Urbana-Champaign.},
Year =1976, Month =May,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDtrans.4>} }

@inproceedings{Alsberg1976:1, Author ={Alsberg,P.A. and Day,J.D.},
Title ={A Principle for Resilient Sharing of Distributed Resources},
Booktitle ={2nd International Conf. on Software Eng., San Francisco.},
Year =1976, Pages ="562--570",
Annote ={ at Un.Illinois, Ctr for Advanced Computation (Urbana-Champaign) A technique is presented which permits distributed resources to be shared in a resilient manner. One of the hosts is declared a priori the primary and the others the backups. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist, Shel x2, filebox } }

@article{AlSuwaiyel1984, Author ={AlSuwaiyel,M. and Horowitz,E.},
Title ={Algorithms for Trie Compaction},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Pages ="243--263",
Volume ="9",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at UCLA Category ={DBFimpl.2.2, DBfile} }

@incollection{Alter1981, Author ={Alter,S.},
Title ={A Taxonomy of Decision Support Systems},
Booktitle ={Management Information Systems, Riley(ed).},
Year =1981, Pages ="26--35",
Annote ={with a recent bibliography by Riley,M.J. Category ={DBappl> } }

@inproceedings{Altman1972, Author ={Altman,E.B., Astrahan,M.M., Fehder,P. L., and Senko,M.E.},
Title ={Concepts of a Data Independent Architecture Model},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Dean(ed).},
Year =1972, Pages ="363--382",
Annote ={at IBM An integrated description for schema entries (A-strings), rings (E-strings), and indexes (L-strings) Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{Altshuler1974, Author ={Altshuler,Gene and Plagman,Bernard},
Title ={User/System Interface within the Context of an Integrated Corporate Data Base},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1974, Pages ="27--33",
Volume ="43",
Annote ={at SRI; Federal Reserve Bank of NY (NY) Review of user-system interface requirements. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@techreport{Alvey1982, Author ={Alvey (chairman British committee)},
Title ={A Programme for Advanced Information Technology},
Institution ={.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDkb, HD9696.C63G76} }

@techreport{Aly1987, Author ={Aly,H. and Ozsoyoglu,Z.M.},
Title ={Non-deterministic Modelling of Logical Queries in Deductive Databases},
Institution ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Case Western Reserve Un. Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Aly1989, Author ={Aly,H. and Ozsoyoglu,Z.M.},
Title ={Synchronized Counting Method},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@article{AlZobaidie1986, Author ={AlZobaidie,A. and Grimson,J.B.},
Title ={An Expert Clinical Database},
Journal ={Medinfo.},
Year =1986, Category ={MIS, DBfile} } % ------ AM ------biblio----1949-1991-----

@article{Amano1985, Author ={Amano,K. and Mochida,A.},
Title ={A Supporting System for Effective Construction and Sharing of Scientific Databases by General Researchers},
Journal ={Inf. Process. Manage., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8610-0935.},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Pages ="535--544",
Volume ="21",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Hokkaido Un. Comp. Ctr, Sapporo, Japan ORION and ADABAS and a supporting system called COMDBS. Category ={DBappl> } }

@article{Amarel1983, Author ={Amarel,Saul},
Title ={Panel discussion on machine learning},
Journal ={Proc. 2nd Internat.Machine Learning Workshop, Michalski et al. (eds.).},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Amato1993, Author ={Amato,G., Giannotti,F., and Mainetto,G.},
Title ={Data Sharing Analysis for a Database Programming Language via Abstract Interpretation},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDlang>} }

@article{Amble1974, Author ={Amble,O. and Knuth,D.E.},
Title ={Ordered Hash Tables},
Journal ={Computer J..},
Year =1974, Month =Feb,
Pages ="135--142",
Volume ="17",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@article{Ambrosetti1984, Author ={Ambrosetti,R., Ciriani,T.A., and Pennacchi,R.},
Title ={An Application Analyzer},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="336--350",
Volume ="23",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at IBM, Rome Interactive design using APAX. Lists all functions. Category ={DBappl> DBDquery.3> } }

@inproceedings{Amdahl1967, Author ={Amdahl,Gene M.},
Title ={Validity of the Single Processor Approach to Achieving Large Scale Computing Capabilities},
Booktitle ={SJCC.},
Year =1967, Pages ="483--485",
Annote ={at IBM, Sunnyvale CA Category ={DBFdist, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Amer1987, Author ={Amer,H.H. and McCluskey,E.J.},
Title ={Modeling the Effect of the Chip Failures and Cache Memory Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDreliab>} }

@manual{American1974, Author ={American National Standards Inst.},
Title ={Guide for the Development, Implementation, and Maintenance of Standards for the Reorganization of Computer Processed Data Elements},
Organization ={Management of Data Elements in Inf. Processing, National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). , COM74-100700,},
Year =1974, Month Apr,
Pages ="355--418",
Annote ={ Comprehensive guide to coding with bibliography and associated papers. Category ={DBFrepresent, x14 book> } }

@techreport{Ames1984, Author ={Ames,Kathy R.},
Title ={A Relational Approach to the Development of Expert Diagnostic Systems},
Institution ={NASA Tech.Memo .},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Number ="86288",
Annote ={ Application is robot jaw. The `Relational Knowledge-Base Machine'(RKBM) is a LISP database in relational form to model structure and function. Error conditions are enumerated. Category ={DBDkb> EIS, DBfile } }

@article{Amikam1985, Author ={Amikam,A.},
Title ={On the Automatic Generationof Optimal Internal Schemata},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press .},
Year =1985, Pages ="37--45",
Volume ="10",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Queensland (St.Lucia, Australia 4067) A method for deriving automatically the optimal Internal Schema from the Conceptual and External Schemata. Many assumptions. Category ={DBDdesign, x issue } }

@article{Amir1990, Author ={Amir,A. and Roussopoulos,N.},
Title ={Optimal View Caching},
Journal ={Inf.Sys.},
Year =1990, Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Roussopoulos} }

@inproceedings{Ammann1985, Author ={Ammann,A.C., Hanrahan,M., and Krishnamurthy,R.},
Title ={Design of a Memory Resident Database Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc. IEEE COMPCON.},
Year =1985, Pages ="54--57",
Category ={DBDnewDBMS>} }

@article{Ammon1985, Author ={Ammon,G.J., Calabria,J.A., and Thomas,D.T.},
Title ={A High-Speed, Large Capacity, `Jukebox' Optical Disk System},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul, Pages ="36--45",
Volume ="18",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at RCA, NASA Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{An1991, Author ={An,H. and Henschen,L.},
Title ={Knowledge based semantic query optimization},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Northwestern Un. precompiling integrity contraints and gathering information Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Analyti1992, Author ={Analyti,A. and Pramanik,S.},
Title ={Fast Search in Main Memory Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@techreport{Anand1986, Author ={Anand,J., et al.},
Title ={A Res.R. on the Laboratory for Database Systems Research: Past, Present and Future},
Institution ={NPGS, TR-NPS52-86-013.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Annote ={at NPGS Category ={DBFarchitecture, DBfile Hsiao} }

@inproceedings{Ananthanarayanan1993, Author ={Ananthanarayanan,R., et al.},
Title ={Using the Coexistence Approach to Achieve Combined Functionality of Object-Oriented and Relational Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDrel>} }

@inproceedings{Andany1991, Author ={Andany,J., Leonard,M., and Palisser,C.},
Title ={Management of Schema Evolution in Data Bases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ handled with revision notions; defines contexts similar to views Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{Anderson1977, Author ={Anderson,H.D. and Berra,P.B.},
Title ={Minimum Cost Selection of Secondary Indexes for Formatted Files},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1977, Month Mar,
Pages ="68--90",
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFindex.4> DBDdesign>} }

@article{Anderson1969, Author ={Anderson,Jerome, Donaghy,Donald A., and Young,Howard W.},
Title ={Controlling Errors in Timesharing},
Journal ={Software Age,},
Year =1969, Month =Jun,
Pages ="8--16",
Annote ={Description of error logging for TSS 360/67. Category ={DBDtrans.4, xB11> } }

@inproceedings{Anderson1978, Author ={Anderson,N.D. and Burkhard,W.A.},
Title ={MINI SEQUEL -- Relational Data Management System},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneiderman(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="57--76",
Annote ={at UCSD Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Anderson1972, Author ={Anderson,R.E. and Fagerlund,Ed},
Title ={Privacy and the Computer; An Annotated Bibliography},
Journal ={ACM Computing Reviews.},
Year =1972, Month =Nov,
Pages ="551--559",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota Well annotated bibliography, much from literature not commonly accessed by computer professionals Category ={DBDprivacy> } }

@article{Anderson1978:1, Author ={Anderson,T., Lee,P.A., and Shrivastava,S.K.},
Title ={A Model of Recoverability in Multilevel Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-4 .},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Pages ="486-494",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ at Un.Newcastle upon Tyne, Computing Lab (England) Backward error recovery can be complex, discusses two distinct categories of multilevel system, and issues involved. Category ={DBFuse-4.4> } }

@techreport{Anderson1981, Author ={Anderson,T.L.},
Title ={The Database Semantics of Time},
Institution ={Un.Washington, PhD Th..},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Un.Washington temporal. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDschema.2> DBFhard.1.4> } }

@incollection{Anderson1982, Author ={Anderson,T.L.},
Title ={Modeling Time at the Conceptual Level},
Booktitle ={Burroughs, Austin Res.Ctr, TR..},
Year =1982, Annote ={temporal integrity maintenance. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> DBDintegrity> DBDmodel> } }

@unpublished{Anderson1986, Author ={Anderson,T.L., Ecklund,E.F.Jr., and Maier,D.},
Title ={PROTEUS: Objectifying the DBMS User Interface},
Note ={Rcvd. .},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Tektronix Inc., Computer Res.Lab. All components are objects, schemes, commands, representations, display formats, etc... Now the database manages all information, the object represenations can be changed via database updates, and the representations mappings can be expressed as database commands or rules. Category ={EIS> DBDobject, DBfile } }

@incollection{Anderson1989, Author ={Anderson,T.L., Ohkawa,H., Gjovaag,J., Maier,D., and Shulman,S.},
Title ={Representing CSG Solids Using a Logic-Based Object Data Model},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC-2.6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="183--216",
Annote ={at Servio Logic Development Corp Composed of planes, spheres, double cones, cylinders, torus. Objects have types. Views, constraints. Composition uses reference axes and points. TEDM, Tektronix Engineering Model. Category ={EIS> DBDimage> DBDobject> VOD> } }

@article{Anderson1989:1, Author ={Anderson,T.Lougenia},
Title ={The Tektronix Engineering Database Benchmark},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at Servio Logic Corp. Panel on DB System Performance Metrics. Includes nested objects, recursion, and complex operations, such as text and bitmap editing. Category ={DBDperf> } }

@inproceedings{Andersson1993, Author ={Andersson,M. et al.},
Title ={The FEMUS Approach in Building a Federated Multilingual Database System},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Lausanne Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Andler1981, Author ={Andler,S., et al.},
Title ={System-D Distributed System for Availability},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. RJ3313.},
Year =1981, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ SYSTEM D is an experimental research vehicle prototyped on a local network. It provides high availability by diagnosing and taking corrective actions against software-induced crashes, the two-phase Direct Commit protocols require fewer messages and I-Os than conventional two-phase commit protocols, datagram-based communications architecture, and a modular storage system. Category ={DBDtrans-4> DBDdist> } }

@article{Andon1980, Author ={Andon,F.I., Kuksa,A.I., and Polyachenko,B.E.},
Title ={Efficient Implementation of a Class of Data-linked Programs},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Jun..},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Pages ="153--159",
Volume ="6",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDimpl, FASAC 311} }

@article{Andon1986, Author ={Andon,F.I., Maryanchik,A.M., et al.},
Title ={Basic Propositions and Architecture of Relational Data Manipulation System},
Journal ={Control Systems and Machines; translation of Upravlyayushchiye sistemy i mashiny (Kiev, UkSSR) , Kiev.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Pages ="195--206",
Number ="2",
Annote ={Relational Algebra for OKA. Category ={DBDrel> DBDlang, FASAC 203d@techreport{Andrade1980, Author ={Andrade,J.M.},
Title ={L'Integrite et la Mise a Jour dans un Systeme de Gestion de Bases de Donnees Reparties},
Institution ={PhD Th., INP, Projet Polypheme.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ at l'Institut National Polytechnique (Grenoble, France) Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDdist> } }

@article{Andre1980, Author ={Andre,E. and Bogo,G.},
Title ={Ada, Abstract Datatype, Distributed Database Transaction},
Journal ={Proc.of IEEE-COMPSAC, Chicago.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="33--79",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDlang, Shel} }

@book{Andre1986, Author ={Andre,F. et al},
Title ={Distributed Computing Systems},
Publisher ={N-H, 344pp.; translation from French source 1981.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at CORNAFION Group (France) Transactions. Weak consistency: After bounded time all copies become identical. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Andreassen1988, Author ={Andreassen,A.A., Leighton III,W.J. and Schreiber,D.F.},
Title ={Information Security: An Overview},
Journal ={AT&T Tech.Journal, -Jun..},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Pages ="2--8",
Volume ="67",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at ATT Federal Systems Division, (Washington DC) Special issue on security, focusing on networks and access. Category ={DBFsecurity> } }

@techreport{Andrews1990, Author ={Andrews,Fred et al.},
Title ={Crossroads of Information Technology Standards},
Institution ={National Academy Press.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ at Board on Telecommunications and Computer Applications, NRC includes review of Japanese and European processes; recommendation: the director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy should arrange for an ad hoc blue-ribbon study by top-level people from industry and government to establish a vision and high-level architecture for an information technology infrastructure. Category ={DBFintro, DBfile } }

@article{Andrews1989, Author ={Andrews,R. and Beauchamp,C.},
Title ={A Clinical Database Management System for Improved Integration of the Veterans Affairs Hospital Information System},
Journal ={Journal of Medical Systems, Plenum Pub.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Volume ="13",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ data from separate ancillary services are difficult to integrate and hence partially replicated, although the DHCP is very integrated operating on the same system hardware and language (MUMPS) Category ={MIS> HIS> } }

@inproceedings{Andrews1990:1, Author ={Andrews,Robert},
Title ={A Common Data Structure for Complex Clinical Data},
Booktitle ={MUMPS Users Group Meeting.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at VA Information Systems Center, Salt Lake City model for querying multiple types of federated databases Category ={DBDdist> MIS> } }

@inproceedings{Andrews1990:2, Author ={Andrews,T. and Harris,C.},
Title ={Combining Language and Database Advances in an Object-Oriented Development Environment},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ A brief overview of VBASE. The schema definition language is block structured support for one-to-one, one-to-many, and many-to-many relationships. Provides an inverse mechanism, the ability to cluster objects and support for triggers and multiple inheritance. Category ={DBDobject> VOD> } }

@techreport{Andrews1986, Author ={Andrews.T.},
Title ={Vbase Integrated Object System: Functional Specification},
Institution ={Ontologic.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Ontologic Category ={DBDobject, DBfile} }

@techreport{Andrews1987, Author ={Andrews.T.},
Title ={Vbase Integrated Object System: Technical Overview},
Institution ={Ontologic.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Ontologic Category ={DBDobject, DBfile} }

@article{Angell1969, Author ={Angell,T. and Randell,T.M.},
Title ={Generalized Data Management Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Computer Group News .},
Year =1969, Month =Nov,
Pages ="5--12",
Annote ={at Computer and Control Company Concise summary of objectives and existing file systems. Category ={DBFseq> } }

@inproceedings{Annevelink1991, Author ={Annevelink,J.},
Title ={Database Programming Languages: A Functional Approach},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={at HP Category ={DBDlang>} }

@article{Anonymous1985, Author ={Anonymous et al},
Title ={A Measure of Transaction Processing Power},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Pages ="112--118",
Volume ="31",
Number ="7",
Annote ={ Benchmarks and their performance on typical but unnamed systems. et al includes Jim Gray, Dina Bitton, Stefano Ceri, Bruce Lindsay, Dieter Gawlick, Category ={DBFtrans.7.5> } }

@inproceedings{Ansari1992, Author ={Ansari,M., Ness,L., Rusinkiewicz,M., and Sheth,A.},
Title ={Using Flexible Transactions to Support Multi-System Telecommunication Applications},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@manual{ANSI1985, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={Medium and System-independent File and Data Record Formats for Information Interchange},
Organization ={ANSI-ISO Standard 8211-, ANSI, New York, 1982},
Year =1985, Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@manual{ANSI1984, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={American National Standard Database Language SQL},
Organization ={ANSI X3H2.135, ANSI, NY, 1986.},
Year =1984, Annote ={ The FIPS specifications for the SQL database language Category ={DBFmaint> DBDrel> } }

@manual{ANSI1985:1, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={American National Standard information resource dictionary system: Part 1-- Core Standard},
Organization ={ANSI X3H4, ANSI, NY.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ The FIPS specifications for the core system-standard schema Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@manual{ANSI1985:2, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={American National Standard information resource dictionary system: Part 2-- Entity-level security},
Organization ={ANSI X3H4, ANSI, NY.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ The FIPS specifications for the entity level security module Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@manual{ANSI1985:3, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={American National Standard information resource dictionary system: Part 3-- Application program interface},
Organization ={ANSI X3H4, ANSI, NY.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ The FIPS specifications for the application program interface module. Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@manual{ANSI1985:4, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={American National Standard information resource dictionary system: Part 4-- Support of standard data models},
Organization ={ANSI X3H4, ANSI, NY.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ The FIPS specifications for the data model support module Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@manual{ANSI1986, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={Specification for a Data Descriptive File for Information Interchange},
Organization ={ANSI ISO TC 97, NY.},
Year =1986, Annote ={Specifications for moving data among computers. Category ={DBFmaint> } }

@manual{ANSI1986:1, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={Database Language -- SQL},
Organization ={ANSI X3.135, CBEMA.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ Specifications for SQL-DDL and SQL-DML, at two levels. Annex on embedding in host languages. Category ={DBDrel, x } }

@manual{ANSI1986:2, Author ={ANSI},
Title ={Representation of Geographic Point Locations},
Organization ={ANSI.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ANSI standard X3.61-1986. Category ={Image>} }

@article{Antonacci1989, Author ={Antonacci,F., Russo,M., Pazienza,M., and Velardi,P.},
Title ={A System for Text Analysis and Lexical Knowledge Acquisition},
Journal ={Data and Knowledge Engineering, N-H .},
Year =1989, Volume ="4",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Full coverage over the 5000 press agency releases with about 100,000 different words; the parser can analyze 80 percent of the sentences; lexicon has 10,000 elementary lemmata and the grammar 100 rules. Category ={DBDnat> } }

@inproceedings{Antoshenkov1992, Author ={Antoshenkov,G.},
Title ={Random Sampling from Pseudo-Ranked B+ Trees},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ for auditing or quality control; efficient sampling by using low-level access with 50% acceptance rate Category ={DBFindex> } }

@inproceedings{Antoshenkov1993, Author ={Antoshenkov,Gennady},
Title ={Dynamic Optimization in RDB/VMS},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at DEC Category ={DEng>} }

@inproceedings{Anwar1992, Author ={Anwar,T., Beck,H. and Navathe,S.},
Title ={Imprecise Querying in Classification Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Georgia Inst of Tech Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Anwar1993, Author ={Anwar,E., Maugis,L., and Chakravarthy,S.},
Title ={A New Perspective on Rule Support for Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Anyanwu1985, Author ={Anyanwu,J.A.},
Title ={A reliable stable storage system for UNIX},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8605-??.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="973--990",
Volume ="15",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Un.Newcastle (UK) Category ={DBFreliab>} }

@article{Anyanwu1986, Author ={Anyanwu,J.A. and Marshall,L.F.},
Title ={A crash resistant UNIX file system},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience, 8609-??.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Volume ="16",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Newcastle (UK) Information is replicated on disks and the kernel is modified. Category ={DBFreliab> } }

@article{Anzelmo1971, Author ={Anzelmo,Frank D.},
Title ={A Data Format for Information System Files},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C20.},
Year =1971, Month =Jan,
Pages ="39--43",
Annote ={at Chemical Abstracts Application Description Category ={DBFhybrid> %Anzelmo71 } }

@incollection{Aonuma1989, Author ={Aonuma,H., Imai,H., and Kambayashi,Y.},
Title ={A Visual System of Placing Characters Appropriately in Multimedia Map Databases},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC 2-6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="525--546",
Annote ={at Kyushu Un., DCS and Communication Eng. Very nice work on output generation. Consider type, scale, density in label placement of geographical output. Category ={DBDquery> DBDimage> } }

@inproceedings{Apers1978, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Distributed Query Processing with Inverted File Organization},
Booktitle ={IR 43, VU (Amsterdam).},
Year =1978, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1979, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Distributed Query Processing: Minimum Response Time Schedules for Relations},
Booktitle ={IR 50, VU (Amsterdam).},
Year =1979, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1979:1, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Critique on and Improvement of Hevner and Yao's Distributed Query Processing Algorithm},
Booktitle ={VU, TR.48, VU, (Amsterdam).},
Year =1979, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Apers1980, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Data Allocation and Distributed Query Processing},
Journal ={ACM Pacific '80, San Francisco.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Pages ="48--54",
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Category ={DBDquery.2> DBDbound.5>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1981, Author ={Apers,Peter M.G.},
Title ={Centralized or Decentralized Data Allocation},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Seminar on Distributed Data Sharing Systems 1, vandeRiet and Litwin(eds.) (Amsterdam).},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="101--116",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1981:1, Author ={Apers,Peter M.G.},
Title ={Redundant Allocation of Relations in a Communication Network},
Booktitle ={Berkeley 5, San Francisco.},
Year =1981, Month =Feb,
Pages ="245--258",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Apers1982, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Query Processing and Data Allocation in Distributed Database Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., Mathematical Centrum, Amsterdam,},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.2> DBFsyseval.4, Thesis shelf } }

@article{Apers1983, Author ={Apers,P.M.G., Hevner,A.R., and Yao,S.B.},
Title ={Optimization Algorithms for Distributed Queries},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-9 .},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Pages ="57--68",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at VU; Un.Maryland Category ={DBDdist> DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Apers1983:1, Author ={Apers,P.M.G.},
Title ={Minimizing the Response Time of a Query in a Distributed Database},
Institution ={VU (Amsterdam).},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDdist, x} }

@inproceedings{Apers1983:2, Author ={Apers,P.M.G. and Jockin,N.},
Title ={The Usage of Simulation in Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={VU (Amsterdam).},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFmethods>} }

@techreport{Apers1984, Author ={Apers,P.M.G. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={How to Survive a Network Partition},
Institution ={Stanford CSD, Stan-CS-85-1053.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={ approach to maximixe transaction processing in partitioned networks. Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Apers1984:1, Author ={Apers,P.M.G. and Wiederhold,Gio},
Title ={Expert Database System in a Loosely Coupled Environment},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina, Kiawah Island SC.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="611--617",
Volume ="2",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1985, Author ={Apers,P.M.G. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Transaction Handling in a Loosely Coupled Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.ACM-Intern. Conf. on Supercomputing Conf., Florence, Italy: `Computing 85, A Broad Perspective of Current Developments' Bucci and Valle(eds), N-H 1985.},
Year =1985, Pages ="25--36",
Category ={DBDdist> DBFhard.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{Apers1986, Author ={Apers,P.M.G., Houtsma,M.A.W., and Brandse,F.},
Title ={Extending a relational interface with recursion},
Booktitle ={Memo Un.Twente INF-86-10,},
Year =1986, Annote ={closure joins Category ={DBDops, DBfile Houtsma} }

@inproceedings{Apers1986:1, Author ={Apers,Peter M.G.},
Title ={Geavanceerde Informatiesystemen},
Booktitle ={Un.Twente.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Vrije Un., The Netherlands Survey of Advanced Information Systems: Alice in Wonder informatics land Category ={DBDintro, DBfile } }

@article{Apers1988, Author ={Apers,Peter M.G.},
Title ={Data Allocation in Distributed Database Systems},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 8904-0252.},
Year =1988, Month =Sep,
Pages ="263--304",
Volume ="13",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Fragments are allocated. The strength of the paper is its rigor, the weakness is in the applicability of the model. ---Tufts. Category ={DBFdist> } }

@book{Appelrath1983, Author ={Appelrath,Hans-Juergen},
Title ={Von Datenbanken zu Expertensystemen in German.},
Publisher ={PhD Th., Un.Dortmund.},
Year =1983, Annote ={at ETH Zuerich, now Un.Oldenburg (FRG) DEDUDAB, extends DML and accesses UNIX INGRES through pipes. Tests on a small Parts (43 tuples) and larger Family demo (up to 9600 tuples). With inferences up to length 2 reports times from 23s to 7h (for ancestor) on DEC PDP11/60. Increases in time appear to be O(nlogn). Effect of interference was small (15pct). Surveys Minker's MRPPS, Chang's DEDUCE. Category ={DBDkb> KSYS> } }

@article{Appleton1985, Author ={Appleton,Daniel S.},
Title ={The Technology of Data Integration},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="106--116",
Volume ="31",
Number ="21",
Annote ={ How to share data among heterogeneous applications Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@article{Appleton1984, Author ={Appleton,D.S.},
Title ={Business Rules: the Missing Link},
Journal ={Datamation, 15.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="145--150",
Volume ="30",
Number ="16",
Annote ={at DACOM (Manhattan Beach CA) semantic database constraints define the business policies. Category ={DBDtheory.2> } }

@article{Appleton1986, Author ={Appleton,Daniel S.},
Title ={Rule-based Data Resource Management},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Pages ="86--99",
Volume ="32",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ identifies 4 layers: Database architecture, business rules, conceptual schema, internal schemas. Category ={DBDkb> DBftrans> } }

@inproceedings{Apt1987, Author ={Apt,K. and Pugin,J-M.},
Title ={Maintenance of Stratified Databases Viewed as a Belief Revision System},
Booktitle ={Un.Texas, TR-87-41, rcvd..},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC This talks about 'stratified negation', as in NAIL!, where negated terms may not be connected recursively to the rule head. ---Ullman Category ={DBDlogic> DBDkb, DBfile Walker at Ecole Normal Superieure and BULL They discuss maintaining the `perfect model' of a stratified DB in instantiated form, while updates are made to the EDB. ---jdu Category ={DBDlogic> DBDtheory> } }

@unpublished{Apt1989, Author ={Apt,Krzysztof R.},
Title ={Efficient Computing of Least Fixpoints in Deductive Databases},
Note ={.},
Year =1989, Annote ={ at Ctr.for Mathematics and CS, Amsterdam and Un.Texas at Austin, DCS Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@article{Arbadi1989, Author ={Arbadi,A.E. and Toueg,S.},
Title ={Maintaining availability in partitioned replicated databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , 64.264--290; ACM CR 8911-0827.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Category ={DEng> DBDobject> at UCSB accessing data in spite of site failures and network partioning Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab> } }

@techreport{Arbanel1985, Author ={Arbanel,R.M. and Williams,M.D.},
Title ={A Relational Representation for Knowledge Bases},
Institution ={presented at EDBS-2,},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Intellicorp Kee storage, each slot is a value. Due to multiple inheritance too many relations are needed in normalized form. Shows infeasibilty of this scheme. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@article{Arden1975, Author ={Arden, Bruce W.(ed).},
Title ={Interactive Computer Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Proc..},
Year =1975, Month =Jun,
Pages ="883--979",
Volume ="63",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFuse-2>} }

@inproceedings{Arditi1978, Author ={Arditi,J. and Zukovsky,E.},
Title ={An Authorization Mechanism for a Data-Base},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneiderman(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="193--213",
Annote ={at Weizmann Inst.Science (Rehovot, Israel) A schema oriented model, avoids use of a database administrator. Category ={DBDprivacy.2> DBDadmin> } }

@inproceedings{Aref1991, Author ={Aref,W.G. and Samet,H},
Title ={Optimization Strategies for Spatial Query Processing},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ in SAND (Spatial and Non-Spatial Data) objects' spatial information is stored in separate spatial data structures and their non-spatial information is stored in database relations maintaining links Category ={DBDimage> } }

@techreport{Arens1981, Author ={Arens,Gail},
Title ={Recovery of the SWALLOW Repository},
Institution ={SM TH., Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT LCS TR.252.},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFrepresent-3>} }

@inproceedings{Arens1992, Author ={Arens,Y. and Knoblock,C.},
Title ={Planning and Reformulating Queries for Semantically Modeled Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at USC/ISI Description of the planning and reformulation components of of the SIMS systems, which enable it to translate a query in the Loom knowledge representation language into a retrieval plan consisting of database and knowledge base queries to multiple heterogeneous information sources. I3 Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Arens1993, Author ={Arens,Y., Chee,C.Y., Hsu,C.-N., and Knoblock,C.A.},
Title ={Retrieving and Integrating Data from Multiple Information Sources},
Booktitle ={International Journal of Intelligent and Cooperative Information Systems, Vol. 2 No. 2, to appear .},
Year =1993, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at USC/ISI Description of the SIMS system for retrieval of information from multiple databases and knowledge bases. SIMS uses AI knowledge representation and planning techniques to describe the contents of the information sources, enable uniform querying independent of the distribution of the requested information, and plan the series of queries that will obtain it. This paper provides a detailed description of the SIMS system and the existing prototype, including its learning, reformulation and interface components. I3 Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb> } }

@incollection{Argyris1971, Author ={Argyris,C.},
Title ={Management Information Systems: The Challenge to Rationality and Emotionality},
Booktitle ={Management Science.},
Year =1971, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@inproceedings{Ariav1983, Author ={Ariav,G., Clifford,J. and Jarke,M.},
Title ={Panel abstract on time and databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data, San Jose. .},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="143--145",
Annote ={---Kung Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Ariav1986, Author ={Ariav,Gad},
Title ={A Temporally Oriented Data Model},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Pages ="499-527",
Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at NYU at least one timestamp, time of record, plus other temporal --- event stamps. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> DBDmodel> } }

@book{Ariav1986:1, Author ={Ariav,G. and Clifford,J.},
Title ={New Directions for Database Systems},
Publisher ={Ablex Pub., 272pp.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ Proc. NYU Symp.on New Directions for Database Systems, May.1984. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Arie1986, Author ={Arie,Z. and Chen,P.},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Modeling of Fuzzy Data},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Arisawa1983, Author ={Arisawa,H., Moriya,K., and Miura,T.},
Title ={Operations and the Properties of Non-First-Normal Form Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 9.},
Year =1983, Pages ="197--204",
Annote ={Nested relations. Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Arisawa1986, Author ={Arisawa,H. and Miura,T.},
Title ={On the Properties of Extended Inclusion Dependencies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Yokohama National Un., Japan Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Arisawa1991, Author ={Arisawa,H., Nagae,H., and Mochizuki,Y.},
Title ={Representation of Complex Objects in Semantic Data Model AIS and Implementation of Set Operators},
Journal ={IEICE Transactions, Vol.E74 .},
Year =1991, Month =Jan,
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Yokohama Un. the model covers entities and associations between entity sets; three kinds of association: existential, cartesian aggregation and referential Category ={DBDops> DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Aristides1992, Author ={Aristides,P. and Abbadi,A.},
Title ={Fast Read-Only Transactions in Replicated Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at UCSB Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Ariwasa1968, Author ={Ariwasa,Makota},
Title ={Residue Hash Method},
Journal ={Journal of the Information Processing Society of Japan.},
Year =1968, Month =Feb,
Pages ="163--167",
Volume ="12",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{Arizio1993, Author ={Arizio,R. et al.},
Title ={Managing Inter-Database Dependencies with 'Rules + Quasi-transactions'},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at CSELT Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Arkin1990, Author ={Arkin,C.F. and Wachtel,M.S.},
Title ={How Many Patients are Necessary to Assess Test Performance},
Journal ={Journal of the American Med. Ass,},
Year =1990, Month =Jan,
Volume ="263",
Number ="2",
Category ={MIS> DBDstat, DBfile} }

@article{Armenti1970, Author ={Armenti,A., et al},
Title ={LISTAR, the LINCOLN Information Storage and Associative Retrieval System},
Journal ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1970, Pages ="313--322",
Volume ="36",
Annote ={at Un.New Brunswick (Canada) Category ={DBFseq> Category ={DBFhybrid> } }

@inproceedings{Armisen1981, Author ={Armisen,J.P. and Caleca,J.Y.},
Title ={A Commercial Back-End Data Base System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7.},
Year =1981, Annote ={ This article is interesting in that it presents a commercial product, and coming from France, represents an European effort in the field of Database Machine. However, what mars the reading of this paper are the bad spelling and unnatural sentence structure. (Kitty Shih comment) Category ={DBFmach> } }

@inproceedings{Armstrong1974, Author ={Armstrong,W.W.},
Title ={Dependency Structures of Database Relationships},
Booktitle ={Proc. IFIP Congress.},
Year =1974, Pages ="998--1006",
Annote ={Axioms characterizing functional dependencies. Category ={DBDtheory> %Armstrong74 } }

@article{Armstrong1980, Author ={Armstrong,W.W. and Delobel,C},
Title ={Decompositions and Functional Dependencies in Relations},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month =Dec,
Pages ="404--430",
Volume ="5",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ at U.Montreal; U.Scientifique et Medicale de Grenoble A general study is made of two basic integrity constrains, functional Category ={DBDtheory.2> } }

@manual{Army1988, Author ={Army Headquaters, Dep.of the Army},
Title ={Army Data Management Program},
Organization ={Pentagon Document,},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={Data dictionary Category ={DBDschema, DBfile} }

@article{Arnaurov1985, Author ={Arnaurov,D.D., Naidenov,N.V., and Tasev,A.G.},
Title ={Organization of Data Files for Document Retrieval Systems},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Jun..},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Pages ="170--175",
Volume ="11",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ construction of a hierarchy for hash access to documents Category ={DBDbiblio, FASAC 331 } }

@inproceedings{Arni1992, Author ={Arni,N., Greco,S., and Sacca,D.},
Title ={Set-Term Matching in Logic Programming},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Universita della Calabria, Rende, Italy Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@article{Arnold1974, Author ={Arnold, Barry C.},
Title ={Schwarz, Regression, and Extreme Deviance},
Journal ={The American Statistician, vol.28 no.1.},
Year =1974, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFtechn>} }

@article{Aron1969, Author ={Aron,J.D.},
Title ={Information Systems in Perspective},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1969, Month =Dec,
Pages ="213--235",
Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at IBM (Gaithersburg MD) Introduction to the present and future capabilities of management information systems in the context of file handling, system design, and management use. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@article{Arora1981, Author ={Arora,S.K. and Smith,K.C.},
Title ={A Graphical Interpretation of Dependency Structures in Relational Databases},
Journal ={Int.J. Comput. Inf. Sci..},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="187--213",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ A subclass of dependencies, root-dependencies and a common graphical (S-diagram) for all of them. Also automatic constraint checking Category ={DBDtheory.2> DBDmodel.3> DBDtrans> } }

@article{Arora1969, Author ={Arora,S.R. and Dent,W.T.},
Title ={Randomized Binary Search Techniques},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1969, Month =Feb,
Pages ="77--80",
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota Analysis of search through tree with two branches per node. Category ={DBFtrees.4> %Arora69 } }

@inproceedings{Arora1971, Author ={Arora,S.R. and Gallo,A.},
Title ={Optimal Sizing, Loading and Re-loading in a Multi-Memory Hierarchy System},
Booktitle ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1971, Pages ="337--344",
Volume ="38",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota; UNIVAC Optimal allocation indirectly addressable memories of different speeds, with consideration of reorganization frequencies. Category ={DBFeval> %Arora71 } }

@inproceedings{Arora1971:1, Author ={Arora,S.R. and Jain,G.P.},
Title ={Drum Queuing Model},
Booktitle ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1971, Pages ="319--324",
Volume ="38",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota; UNIVAC Analysis of multiple drum queues. Category ={DBFtechn.3> } }

@incollection{Arsenteva1984, Author ={Arsenteva,A.V. and Yepifanov,G.V.},
Title ={Prospects for the Use and Organization of an Associative Recursive Data Base},
Booktitle ={Problemno-oriyentirovannyye informatsionnyye sistemy, Leningrad, .},
Year =1984, Pages ="59--71",
Annote ={at USSR Acad.Sci., Leningrad Sci.Res.Comp.Ctr Category ={DBDimpl, FASAC 32b } }

@techreport{Arthur1980, Author ={Arthur Young and Co.},
Title ={Assessment of the NINCDS Data Bank Network},
Institution ={report to the National Inst.Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke, 143 pp.},
Year =1980, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ Evaluation of a number of database systems, especially TOD, CLINFO, and MERLIN recommending adoption of TOD. Category ={DBappl> MCS> } }

@book{Arthur1992, Author ={Arthur,Lowell J.},
Title ={Rapid Evolutionary Development: Requirements, Prototyping, and Software Creation},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 221pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9211-0860.},
Year =1992, Annote ={ a fast-paced romp extols prototyping, the natural laws, law of 7 plus/minus 2 Category ={DEng> } }

@manual{Artificial1981, Author ={Artificial Intelligence Corp},
Title ={Intellect Query System User's Guide},
Organization ={Release 101, Artifical Intelligence Corp, Waltham MA.},
Year =1981, Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDquery.3.4>} }

@techreport{Arvidson1985, Author ={Arvidson,R., Wiederhold,G., et al.},
Title ={Issues and Recommendations Associated with Distributed Computation and Data Management Systems for the Space Sciences, Volume 2},
Institution ={Committee on Data Management and Computation, Space Sciences Board, Nat. Academy of Sciences.},
Year =1985, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ contains projections on future computation and storage demands and capability to satisfy them. Category ={DBDone> DBFhard> } }

@article{Aschim1973, Author ={Aschim,F. and Bonne,P.},
Title ={SIBAS, an Implementation of the CODASYL Data Base Concept},
Journal ={Management Informatics.},
Year =1973, Month =Jun,
Pages ="101--104",
Volume ="2",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@article{Aschim1974, Author ={Aschim,F.},
Title ={Data Base Networks --- An Overview},
Journal ={Management Informatics.},
Year =1974, Month =Feb,
Pages ="12--28",
Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDdist> DBFstorage>} }

@techreport{Aschim1975, Author ={Aschim,F.},
Title ={Some Design and Analysis Tools for Design of Databases for Database Oriented Information Systems},
Institution ={Central Inst. for Industrial Res., Oslo, Norway,},
Year =1975, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDadmin.1> DBDdesign>} }

@incollection{Aschim1982, Author ={Aschim,F. and Mostue,B.M.},
Title ={IFIP WG8.1 case solved using the SYSDOC methodology and SYSTEMATOR},
Booktitle ={Information Systems Design Methodologies, IFIP, N-H : A Comparative Review, Olle et al(eds), N-H.},
Year =1982, Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Ash1968, Author ={Ash,W. and Sibley,E.H.},
Title ={TRAMP, An Interpretive Associative Processor with Deductive Capabilities},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf 23.},
Year =1968, Pages ="5--12",
Annote ={Deductive inference on binary relations. Category ={DBDquery> DBFhybrid.7.5, x10> %Ash68 } }

@inproceedings{Ashany1978, Author ={Ashany,R.},
Title ={Application of Sparse Matrix Techniques to Search, Retrieval, Classification and Relationship Analysis in Large Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds), ACM.},
Year =1978, Pages ="499--516",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Ashenhurst1972, Author ={Ashenhurst,R. L.(ed)},
Title ={Curriculum Recommendations for Graduate Professional Programs in Information Systems},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1972, Month =May,
Pages ="303--398",
Volume ="15",
Number ="5",
Annote ={With bibliographies. Category ={DBDintro> %Ashenhurst72 } }

@article{Ashfield1989, Author ={Ashfield,J.C. and Cybrynski,D.B.},
Title ={System-independent file management and distribution services},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1989, Pages ="241--259",
Volume ="28",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ identifying, fetching, moving, and storage functions are the same for all applications and can be most efficiently provided by a common process. Category ={DBFdist> } }

@inproceedings{Ashok1984, Author ={Ashok,V., McKnight,W., and Ramanathan,J.},
Title ={Integrated Environment for Information Management in VLSI Design},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Ohio State Un. Category ={EIS>} }

@article{Askerov1985, Author ={Askerov,T.M. and Agaev,A.A.},
Title ={Description Language for Cartographic Data},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Apr..},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Pages ="102--106",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ geographic primitives are AREA, CONTOUR, BORDER, GRID, CELL, POINT Category ={Image, FASAC 328 } }

@article{Aspinall1972, Author ={Aspinall,L.},
Title ={Improving Disk Drive Performance by Intelligent Record Placement},
Journal ={IBM, Res.R. No.UKSC-11 .},
Year =1972, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at IBM, UK Scientific Ctr Category ={DBFhard.2>} }

@inproceedings{Aspnes1988, Author ={Aspnes,J., Fekete,A., Lynch,N., Merritt,M., and Weihl,W.},
Title ={A Theory of Timestamp-Based Concurrency Control for Nested Transactions},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="431--444",
Annote ={at CMU Category ={DBDconc> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Asthana1989, Author ={Asthana,A., Jagadish,H.V., and Knauer,S.C.},
Title ={An Intelligent Memory Transaction Engine},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBFmach>} }

@manual{ASTM, Author ={ASTM},
Title ={Standard Specification for Transferring Clinical Laboratory Data Messages Between Independent Computer Systems},
Organization ={ASTM 1238-88},
Category ={MIS> DBDdist> DBFrepresent, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Astrahan1972, Author ={Astrahan,M.M., Altman,E.B., Fehder,P.L., and Senko,M.E.},
Title ={Concepts of a Data Independent Accessing Model},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Dean(ed.).},
Year =1972, Pages ="349--362",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Astrahan1974, Author ={Astrahan,M.M. and Ghosh,S.P.},
Title ={A Search Path Selection Algorithm for the Data Independent Accessing Model (DIAM)},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data , Rustin(ed).},
Year =1974, Pages ="367--388",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Astrahan1975, Author ={Astrahan,M.M. and Lorie,R.A.},
Title ={SEQUEL-XRM, A Relational System},
Booktitle ={Proc. ACM Pacific Regional Conf..},
Year =1975, Month Apr,
Pages ="34--38",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Astrahan1975:1, Author ={Astrahan,M.M. and Chamberlin,D.},
Title ={Implementation of a Structured English Query Language},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 75, King(ed),},
Year =1975, Month =May,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Description of implementation of SEQUEL interpreter, especially optimizer, which uses indexes to simplify queries. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDrel.2> } }

@article{Astrahan1976, Author ={Astrahan,M.M., et al.},
Title ={System R: Relational Approach to Database Management},
Journal ={IBM, San Jose, Res.R. No.RJ-1738.},
Year =1976, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Category ={DBDrel.2> DBFeval.4, DBfile @article{Astrahan1979, Author ={Astrahan,M.M., et al.},
Title ={System R: A Relational Data Base Management System},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Pages ="42--48",
Volume ="12",
Number ="5",
Annote ={overview and some history, SQL, UFI Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@article{Astrahan1972:1, Author ={Astrahan,M.M., Schkolnick,M., and Whang,K-Y.},
Title ={Approximating the Number of Unique Values without Sorting},
Journal ={IBM Res.Lab, CS Res.R. No.RJ-4960 (5), 1985.},
Year =1972, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ Estimates of value instance count obtained various way, typically using hashing or projection. Was called `Counting Unique Values of An Attribute Without Sorting'. The idea is to estimate the size of a projection of a relation without looking at the entire relation. Still needed are techniques for estimating the size of a join (of many relations) without actually computing the join. That's what we need if we are going to decide on the proper order in which to join *large* numbers of relations.---jeff Category ={DBDperf> DBFindex> DBDrel.2.3> DBDperf, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Atchan1989, Author ={Atchan,H., Bell,R., and Thuraisingham,B.},
Title ={Knowledge-based Support for the Development of Database-centered Applications},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Atkins1988, Author ={Atkins,John},
Title ={A Note on Minimal Covers},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record,},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Pages ="16--21",
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ at West Virginia Un., Dep.Statistics and CS, (Morgantown WV) corrected algorithms Category ={DBDmodel> DBDdesign> } }

@article{Atkins1989, Author ={Atkins,Richard},
Title ={Tool Attachment in EIS},
Journal ={IEEE COMPCON 89, San Francisco, -Mar., IEEE CS,},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="410--414",
Annote ={ at Honeywell Systems and Res.Ctr, (Minneapolis MN) Category ={EIS> } }

@inproceedings{Atkinson1982, Author ={Atkinson,M.P., Chisholm,K., and Cockshott,P.},
Title ={PS-Algol: An Algol with a Persistent Heap},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGPLAN Notices.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul, Pages ="24--31",
Volume ="17",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Un.Edinburgh, DCS (Scotland) PS-algol supports a persistent heap, and an associative store to support tasks normally carried out by filing systems or database management systems. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> DBFstorage-3.2 } }

@article{Atkinson1990, Author ={Atkinson,M.P., Baily,P., Chisholm,K., Cockshott,P., and Morrison,R.},
Title ={An Approach to Persistent Programming},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Atkinson1985, Author ={Atkinson,M.P., Fiddian,N.J., Gray,P.M.D., Stocker,P.M., et al.},
Title ={The PROTEUS Distributed Database System},
Journal ={Proc.BCS Proceedings of the BritishNational Conference on Databases3 (Leeds)?, Longstaff(ed), Cambridge Un.Press.},
Year =1985, Pages ="225--245",
Annote ={ Heterogenous multi-university system. Network query language NQL and tranfer language NTL are based on the relational Algebra. No update. Category ={DBDdist> DBDnewDBMS, DBfile } }

@article{Atkinson1985:1, Author ={Atkinson,M.P. and Morrison,M.},
Title ={Procedures as Persistent Objects},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="539--559",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Glasgow, Scotland PS-algol; First Class Functions; Versions. Category ={DBDobject> DBFintro> DBDnewDBMS> DBFstorage-3.2> } }

@article{Atkinson1987, Author ={Atkinson,M.P. and Buneman,O.Peter},
Title ={Types and Persistence in Database Programming Languages},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Pages ="105--190",
Volume ="19",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Glasgow, Scotland Illustrated with 4 tasks. Polymorphism, type inheritance, object identity, and the choice of structures to represent sets of similar values. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Atkinson1990:1, Author ={Atkinson,M., Bancilhon,F., DeWitt,D., Maier,D., Dittrich,K., and Zdonik,S},
Title ={The Object-Oriented Database System Manifesto},
Booktitle ={provided at SIGMOD .},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={ characteristics are separated into mandatory (complex objects, object identity, encapsulation, types or classes, inheritance, overriding combined with late binding, extensibility, computational completeness, secondary storage management, concurrency, recovery and an ad hoc query facility), optional (multiple inheritance, type checking and inferencing, distribution, design transactions and versions), and open (the programming paradigm, the representation system, the type system, and uniformity) Category ={DBDobject, DBfile } }

@book{Atkinson1983, Author ={Atkinson,W. and DeSanctis,P.},
Title ={Introduction to VSAM},
Publisher ={Hayden Book Co..},
Year =1983, Category ={DBFimpl>} }

@book{Atre1980, Author ={Atre,S.},
Title ={Structured Techniques for Design Performance and Management},
Publisher ={Business Data Processing: A John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY) Series, 442pp.},
Year =1980, Category ={DBFintro, DB book shelf} }

@book{Atre1983, Author ={Atre,Shaku},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems for the Eighties},
Publisher ={QED Inf. Sciences..},
Year =1983, Annote ={ details of eight major commercially available packages. Category ={DBDimpl> } }

@book{Atre1986, Author ={Atre,Shaku},
Title ={Information Center: Strategies and Case Studies Vol.1},
Publisher ={Atre Int. Consultants, Rye NY, 251pp.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Atre International Consultants (Rye NY) I3 Category ={DBDadmin, x } }

@book{Atre1988, Author ={Atre,Shaku},
Title ={Database: Structured Techniques for Design, Performance, and Management (2nd ed)},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 430pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8812-0906.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ Seriously outdated. Detailed discussions of IMS--VS. References are old. ---Hoffman. Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@article{Atwood1982, Author ={Atwood,J.William, MacLeod,Alexander, and Yu,Keh-Chiang},
Title ={An Empirical Study of a CDC 844-41 Disk Subsystem},
Journal ={Perform.Eval..},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="29--56",
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Concordia Un., Montreal; Un.Texas Austin The authors confirm the oft-suspected ineffectuality of seek time scheduling. They warn the reader of the dangers of applying the conclusions reached in the study to other systems, applications, and environments but do give guidance with respect to what might have to be changed in their simulation to make such applications possible. The entire situation studied and so clearly presented is far beyond the analytical state of the art, and thus their use of a combination of measurement and simultation was the approach of choice. Category ={DBFmethods.3> } }

@article{Atwood1972, Author ={Atwood,R.C.},
Title ={Effects of Secondary Storage I/O Contention on the Performance of an Interactive Information Management System},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf , 1972.},
Year =1972, Month =Aug,
Pages ="670--679",
Category ={DBFuse-3>} }

@inproceedings{Atwood1990, Author ={Atwood,T. and Orenstein,J.},
Title ={Notes toward a Standard Object-Oriented DDL and DML},
Booktitle ={Workshop on OODB Standardization 1, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at Object Design, Inc. C++ allows the programmer to create objects with either of two lifetimes limited to the life of the procedure in which the object was created or with the process in which the object was created; support for persistent objects easily added to each relational mistakes: single language for interactive and as a data manipulation sublanguage for programming languagues; single DML for different programming languages propose to add to C++ and Ada: the key word persistent; an inverse clause on relationship declarations, associative retrieval expressions; the transaction statement. Category ={DBDobject> DBDlang> } }

@techreport{Attar1983, Author ={Attar,R., Bernstein,P.A., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Site Initialization, Recovery, and Back-Up in a Distributed Database System},
Institution ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-10 .},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Pages ="645--650",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Harvard Un., Aiken Computation Lab Category ={DBDdist> DBDprivacy.4, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Attie1993, Author ={Attie,P., Singh,M., Sheth,A., and Rusinkiewicz,M.},
Title ={Specifying and Enforcing Intertask Dependencies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Atzeni1980, Author ={Atzeni,P., Ausiello,G., Batini,C. and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Conceptual Relations Among Data Base Schemata},
Institution ={Rpt. 80-32.},
Year =1980, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Un. di Roma, Inst.Automatica Such conceptual relations compare the conceptual content of schemata according to the following criteria: - ability to represent objects and relations among objects of the real world - ability to filter incorrect representations of the real world - ability to represent transformations of the real world - ability to 'filter' incorrect transactions which represent transformations of the real world. In section 2, two different types of conceptual inclusion and equivalence between schemata are defined in our approach in terms of a query language Q and an integrity constraints language IC. Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign> DBDmodel.3, Th.file } }

@techreport{Atzeni1983, Author ={Atzeni,P., Batini,C., De Antonellis,V., Lenzerini,M., Villanelli,F., and Zonta,B.},
Title ={Computer Aided Tool for Conceptual Data Base Design},
Institution ={Un.Studi, Inst.Automatica, TR..},
Year =1983, Annote ={at Un.Studi, Roma, Inst.Automatica, Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@article{Atzeni1985, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Chan,E.P.F.},
Title ={Efficient Query Answering in the Representative Instance Approach},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Toronto Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Atzeni1986, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Parker,D.S.Jr.},
Title ={Formal Properties of Net Based Knowledge Representation Schemes},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Pages ="700--706",
Annote ={ Representation of types, is-a-relationships and disjointness constraints. Consistency and redundancy are characterized by constraints. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1986:1, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Parker,D.S.},
Title ={Set Containment Inference},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at CNR, IASI (Italy); UCLA (USA) Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1987, Author ={Atzeni,P. and DeBernardis,M.C.},
Title ={A New Basis for the Weak Instance Model},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.La Sapienza, Roma, CNR Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1987:1, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Chan,E.},
Title ={Independent Database Schemes Under Functional and Inclusion Dependencies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Atzeni1988, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Parker,D.Stott},
Title ={Set Containment Inference and Syllogisms},
Journal ={Theoretical Computer Science, Vol. 62m .},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1989, Author ={ Atzeni,P. and Torlone,R. Atzeni,P. and Torlone,R.},
Title ={Updating Databases in the Weak Instance Model},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@article{Atzeni1989:1, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Chan,E.P.F.},
Title ={Efficient Optimization of Simple-Chase Join Expressions},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Pages ="212--230",
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at IASI-CNR, Roma, Italy Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1990, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Torlone,R. },
Title ={Efficient Updates to Independent Schemes in the Weak Instance Model},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={More efficient way for PODS89 model Category ={DBDtheory> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Atzeni1992, Author ={Atzeni,P. and Torlone,R.},
Title ={Updatiing Relational Databases through Weak Instance Interfaces},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Dec,
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Atzeni1993, Author ={Atzeni,P., Cabibbo,L. and Mecca,G.},
Title ={ISALOG: A declarative language for complex objects with hierarchies},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.di Roma Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Auddino1992, Author ={Auddino,A., Dennebouy,Y., Dupont,Y., Fontana,E., Spaccapietra,S., and Tari,Z.},
Title ={Super-Visual Interaction with an Object-Based ER Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .11, Karlsruhe.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ at Laboratoire de bases de donnees (CH-1015 Lausanne-Ecublens, Suisse) A visual interface for editing database schema and queries based on a variation of the E-R model. The added semantics to the E-R such as ISA and maybe-a (with no inclusion constraint) do not have a special effect on the interface. In my opinion, visual editing of E-R shema is a sound idea. On the other hand, visual editing of queries by copying a subset visual schema may confuse users, if the copied subschema containes cycles -- a potential source of the user's misunderstanding. SUPER forces users to break cycles, but it is not clear how intuitive this cycle-breaking semantics will be to the user. --- Cha. Category ={DBDquery Category ={DBDobject> DBDquery> } }

@techreport{Auer1980, Author ={Auer,H.},
Title ={RDBM --- A Relational Data Base Machine},
Institution ={Un.Braunschweig, TR.8005.},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBFmach> DBappl>} }

@book{Auerbach1980, Author ={Auerbach,I.L.(ed)},
Title ={The Auerbach Annual: Best Computer Papers},
Publisher ={N-H , 1981.},
Year =1980, Annote ={ Selected papers, often in databases and information processing Category ={DBDintro> } }

@manual{Auerbach1981, Author ={Auerbach Staff},
Title ={Practical Data Base Management},
Organization ={Reston, 430pp.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDintro, DBfile} }

@techreport{Ausiello1981, Author ={Ausiello,G., D'Atri,A., and Sacca',D.},
Title ={Graph Algorithms for Functional Dependencies Manipulation},
Institution ={Un.Roma, Inst.Automatica, TR.R.81-09.},
Year =1981, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ at Universita di Roma, Instituto di Automatica, Rome, et al Graph theoretic approach allows a homogeneous treatment of closure, minimization which leads to simpler proofs and more efficient algorithms. Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Ausiello1982, Author ={Ausiello,G., D'Atri,A., and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Minimal Coverings of Acyclic Database Schemata},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Logical Bases for Databases, Toulouse.},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile} }

@article{Ausiello1983, Author ={Ausiello,G., D'Atri,A., and Sacca',D.},
Title ={Minimal Representations of Directed Hypergraphs},
Journal ={Un.Roma, R.83-02.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ Hypergraphs --- functional dependency manipulation. Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile } }

@article{Ausiello1985, Author ={Ausiello,G. and D'Atri,A.},
Title ={Chordality Properties on Graphs and Minimal Conceptual Connections in Semantic Data Models},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un. La Sapienza Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Austin1964, Author ={Austin,C.J.},
Title ={Data Processing Aspects of MEDLARS},
Journal ={Bulletin of the Medical Library Association.},
Year =1964, Pages ="159--163",
Volume ="52",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Austing1973, Author ={Austing,R.H. and Engel,G.L.},
Title ={A Computer Science Program for Small Colleges},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1973, Month Mar,
Pages ="139--147",
Volume ="16",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland; Pennsylvania State Un. Category ={DBDintro.1> } }

@article{Austing1979, Author ={Austing,R.H., Barnes,B.H., Bonnette,D.T., Engel,G.L., and Stokes,G.},
Title ={Curriculum '78 Recommendations for the Undergraduate Program in Computer Science},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1979, Month Mar,
Pages ="147--166",
Volume ="22",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland A report of the ACM Curriculum Committee on Computer Scienc. CS5: Introduction to File Processing (3-0-3) Prerequisite: CS 2 The objectives of this course are: (a) to introduce concepts and techniques of structuring data on bulk storage devices; (2) to provide experience in the use of bulk storage devices; and (3) to provide the foundation for applications of data structures and file processing techniques. Category ={DBDintro>.3 } }

@inproceedings{Avizienis1984, Author ={Avizienis,A., Cardenas,A.F., and Alavian,F.},
Title ={On the Effectiveness of Fault Tolerant Techniques in Parallel Associative Data Base Processors},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at UCLA; United Technologies Category ={DBFstorage-3.2> } }

@inproceedings{Baruch1990, Author ={Baruch Awerbuch,B., Baratz,A., and Peleg,D.},
Title ={Cost-Sensitive Analysis of Communication Protocols},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBFdist>} }

@article{Aylamzyan1988, Author ={Aylamzyan,A.K. and Gilula,M.M.},
Title ={The Concept of an Information Machine},
Journal ={rcvd from Apple (Scripta Technica, Inc.)},
Year =1988, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Pereslavl-Zalesskiy avoid ordering and fixed attributes by adopting pile file model Category ={DBDmodel> DBFseq, FASAC 305 } }

@article{Aylamazan1986, Author ={Aylamazan,A.K., Gidula,M.M., Stolboushkin,A.P., and Shvarts,G.F.},
Title ={Reduction of Relational Model with Infinite Areas to Case of Finite Areas},
Journal ={Doklady Akademii nauk SSSR, Moscow.},
Year =1986, Pages ="308--311",
Volume ="286",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ at USSR Acad.Sci., Inst.Cyb. Problems, Pereslavl-Zalesskiy Branch stopping data-dependent recursion. Category ={DBDquery, FASAC 40 } }

@article{Aylor1986, Author ={Aylor,J.H., Waxman,R, and Scarratt,C.},
Title ={VHDL -- Feature description and Analysis},
Journal ={IEEE Design and Test Magazine.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Pages ="17--27",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Annote ={Introductory article to issue devoted to VHDL. Category ={EIS> } }

@techreport{Azema1982, Author ={Azema,Pierre},
Title ={Specification of the Concurrent Access Mechanism},
Institution ={Internal Rpt. .},
Year =1982, Annote ={at CNRS (Toulouse, France) Petri net based proof for recovery states in a distributed database, the author states that a mechanization using PROLOG is feasible. Category ={DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist, DBfile <<>> } } % ----- B ---- biblio -----

@techreport{Baats1987, Author ={Baats,W.E. and Jeijs,L.M.G.},
Title ={A Formal Specification of INGRES},
Institution ={rcvd. Esprit Project 432, Meteor Task 7.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDrel, DBfile Philips} }

@techreport{Baats1987:1, Author ={Baats,W.E., Feijs,L.M.G., and Gelissen,J.H.A.},
Title ={Formal Specification of a Design Engineering Data Base},
Institution ={rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Philips Res.Lab, Eindhoven, Netherlands. Category ={EIS> DEng, DBfile Philips, passed to Marianne } }

@techreport{Baba1987, Author ={Baba,T., Yao,S-B., Hevner,A., and Z-Shi,Z.},
Title ={Design of a Functionally Distributed, Multiprocessor Database Machine Using Data Flow Analysis},
Institution ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-36 .},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDdist> DBFmach, DBfile} }

@article{Babad1977, Author ={Babad,J.M.},
Title ={A Record and File Partitioning Model},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1977, Month =Jan,
Pages ="22--31",
Volume ="20",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFseq>} }

@article{Babad1984, Author ={Babad,Y.M. and Hoffer,J.F.},
Title ={Even No Data Has A Value},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Pages ="748--756",
Volume ="27",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Un.Illinos, Chicago Circle; Indiana Un. missing data in programming, statistics, and hierarchical databases. Category ={DBDschema.2> DBDstat> } }

@article{Babb1979, Author ={Babb,E.},
Title ={Implementing a Relational Database by Means of Specialized Hardware},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month Mar,
Pages ="1--29",
Volume ="4",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Babb1982, Author ={Babb,E.},
Title ={Joined Normal Form: A Storage Encoding for Relational Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Pages ="588--614",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at ICL prejoining for CAFS. Category ={DBFmach> DBDperf.3.3> } }

@article{Babenko1986, Author ={Babenko,L.P., Bobrov,V.A., et al.},
Title ={Language Aids Generator for Interaction with Database Management System MAKROBOL},
Journal ={Control Systems and Machines; translation of Upravlyayushchiye sistemy i mashiny (Kiev, UkSSR) , Kiev, p.147.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Number ="2",
Annote ={not a database Category ={DBDquery, FASAC 203b@article{Baber1963, Author ={Baber,R. L.},
Title ={Tape Searching Techniques},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1963, Month =Oct,
Pages ="478--486",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Backspacing versus rewinding (no backward reading) to known records. Category ={DBFstorage-3.1> %Baber63 } }

@article{Babkhanyan1986, Author ={Babkhanyan,L.S., Vardanyan,E.O., and Tarasyan,S.M.},
Title ={Design Documentation Database},
Journal ={Promyshlennost Armenii, Yerevan.},
Year =1986, Month =Jan,
Pages ="55--77",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ EIS documentation, BOMP using INES (hierarchical DBMS plus links). Trying to implement GOST requirement 1.001-70; looks similar to DoD CALS. Print text is in an indirect file. Change files implement versions. BOMP hierarchy is by product, in a distinct DBMS: SOA. Category ={EIS, FASAC 44 } }

@techreport{Baccelli1982, Author ={Baccelli,F. and Coffman,E.G.jr.},
Title ={Analysis of Replication in Distributed Data Bases},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR..},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Number ="150",
Annote ={ at INRIA (Le Chesnay, France); Bell Labs (Murray Hill NJ) Approached through the analysis of an M/M/m queue subjected to state-independent, preemptive interruptions of service. The file replication allows parallel access for reads. However these last are periodically interrupted by the arrival of updates which have to be processed with a preemptive priority on all the file copies. Category ={DBDmodel.7, House File } }

@inproceedings{Bach1992, Author ={Bach,J., Paul,S., and Jain,R.},
Title ={An Interactive Image Management System for Face Information Retrieval},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Michigan Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bachman1964, Author ={Bachman,C.W. and Williams,S.B.},
Title ={A General Purpose Programming System for Random Access Memories},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1964, Pages ="411--422",
Volume ="26",
Annote ={at GE; Honeywell IDS basic description. Category ={DBFhash.6> DBDbound.5> %Bachman64 } }

@article{Bachman1965, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={Integrated Data Store},
Journal ={DPMA Quarterly.},
Year =1965, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at GE Category ={DBFhash.6>} }

@article{Bachman1965:1, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={Software for Random Access Programming},
Journal ={Datamation,},
Year =1965, Month Apr,
Pages ="36--41",
Annote ={GE IDS related design description. Category ={DBFhash.6> DBDbound.5> } }

@article{Bachman1966, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={On a Generalized Language for Organization and Manipulation},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1966, Month Mar,
Pages ="225--226",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at GE Category ={DBFhash.6> DBDbound.5>%Bachman66} }

@inproceedings{Bachman1968, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={Data Structure Diagrams},
Booktitle ={IAG (File68).},
Year =1968, Pages ="181--192",
Category ={DBFhash.6.1>} }

@article{Bachman1972, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={The Evolution of Storage Structures},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1972, Month =Jul, Pages ="628--634",
Volume ="15",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Honeywell, Information Systems Good overview of basic definitions and their relationships Category ={DBFintro.3> %Bachman72 } }

@inproceedings{Bachman1972:1, Author ={Bachman,C.W. and Bouvard,J.},
Title ={Architecture Definition Technique: Its Objectives Theory, Process, Facilities and Practice},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Dean(ed).},
Year =1972, Pages ="257--305",
Annote ={ Description, specification, and example of a structured method for data base design. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{Bachman1973, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={The Programmer as a Navigator},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1973, Month =Nov,
Pages ="653--658",
Volume ="16",
Number ="11",
Annote ={ Turing award acceptance speech-general view of the state of database work from a DBTG originator. Category ={DBFintro.4> DBDschema> %Bachman73 } }

@inproceedings{Bachman1974, Author ={Bachman, Charles W.},
Title ={MIACS --- User of the First Generalized Data Base System ?},
Booktitle ={Proc.of INTERCON 74, IEEE NY , Section 16.2},
Year =1974, Annote ={ Description of early (1961) application of IDS to bills-of-material problem at GE. Category ={DBDintro.8> %Bachman74M } }

@incollection{Bachman1974:1, Author ={Bachman,C.W.},
Title ={Implementation Techniques for Data Structure Sets},
Booktitle ={Data Base Management Systems, Jardine(ed), N-H.},
Year =1974, Category ={DBFuse-3> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Bachman1974:2, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={The Data Set View vs. The Relational View},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed).},
Year =1974, Category ={DBDbound>} }

@inproceedings{Bachman1975, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={Trends in Data Base Management --- 1975},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1975, Pages ="569--576",
Volume ="44",
Annote ={ Discussion of schemas, relational systems, and new hardware options. Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBDschema> DBDschema> %Bachman75 } }

@inproceedings{Bachman1977, Author ={Bachman,C.W. and Daya,M. },
Title ={The Role Concept in Database Models},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 3, Merten(ed), IEEE, Tokyo Japan.},
Year =1977, Month =Sep,
Pages ="464--476",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Bachman1983, Author ={Bachman,C.W.},
Title ={The Structuring Capabilities of the molecular Data Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .3, Davis et al(eds), N-H , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8411-0952.},
Year =1983, Pages ="55--57",
Annote ={at Bachman Information Systems (Lexington KY) A generalized network model. Partnership is the term used for connections. Category ={DBDmodel.6> } }

@inproceedings{Bachman1982, Author ={Bachman,C.},
Title ={Cooperating Systems Architecture},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 2, Wiederhold(ed), Pittsburgh PA.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul, Pages ="66--75",
Annote ={at Cullinane Database System. (Westwood MA) Concepts as the basis for the International Standards Organization's 'Reference Model of Open System Interconnection' and for a new standard reference model for data storage and retrieval. Category ={DBDmodel.6> } }

@article{Bachman1988, Author ={Bachman,C.},
Title ={A CASE for reverse engineering},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1988, Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Bachman1989, Author ={Bachman,Charles W.},
Title ={A Personal Chronicle: Creating Better Information Systems, With Some Guiding Principles},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Volume ="1",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Back1984, Author ={Back,R.J.R. and Mannila,H.},
Title ={A Semantic Approach to Program Modularity},
Journal ={Inf. and Control, Nos.1-3, -Feb.-Mar..},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Pages ="138--167",
Volume ="60",
Annote ={at Abo Akademi, Dep.Inf. Processing, (Finland) toward definition: maker locality of specification, recursive use, and composability. Scope is used for large systems, as in Ada. Category ={DEng, DBfile Mannila } }

@article{Bacon1974, Author ={Bacon,G.C.},
Title ={Mass Storage Workshop Report},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1974, Month =Oct,
Pages ="64--65",
Annote ={ Short report on workshop in Washington DC, May 22--23, 1974 Magnetic disk technology will remain competitive and allow densities of 10**7 per square inch. Management of system with 10**12 is not well understood. Category ={DBFhard>%Bacon74 } }

@inproceedings{Badal1971, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Pollak,V.},
Title ={Automatic grain counting in chromosome autoradiographs},
Booktitle ={Proc. 3rd Canadian Biomedical Eng. Soc., Halifax, Nova Scotia.},
Year =1971, Month =Aug,
Category ={MCS>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1972, Author ={Badal,D.Z., Pollak,V. and Fedoroff,S.},
Title ={Biomedical data acquisition and processing system},
Booktitle ={Proc. 4th Canadian Biomedical Eng. Soc., Winnipeg, Manitoba.},
Year =1972, Month =Sep,
Category ={MCS>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1972:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Chromosome autoradiograph processing system},
Booktitle ={Proc. Automatic Cytology Conf., (Saxtons River VT).},
Year =1972, Month =Aug,
Category ={MCS> DBDoffice>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1977, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={DBS architecture and the functions it should support},
Booktitle ={Proc. 15th IEEE CC, COMPCON Fall 77 (Washington DC).},
Year =1977, Month =Sep,
Pages ="132--137",
Category ={DBDarchitecture>} }

@article{Badal1969, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Budil,J.},
Title ={Information Retrieval System --- KOMPAS},
Journal ={Automation (in Czech), Vol. IX .},
Year =1969, Number ="4",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1978, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={On Semantic Integrity in Centralized and Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={HCSS, Proc. Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences 11.},
Year =1978, Month =Jan,
Pages ="63--74",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1978:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Data Base System Integrity},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPCON 16, Spr.78, San Francisco.},
Year =1978, Month =Feb,
Pages ="356--359",
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1978:2, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Popek,G.J.},
Title ={A proposal for distributed concurrency control for partially replicated distributed database systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Berkeley Workshop/conference on Distributed Data Management and Computer Networks, LBL 3, San Francisco.},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="273--285",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Badal1979, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Integrity, consistency and concurrency in distributed database systems},
Institution ={Infotech State-of-the-Art Report on Distributed Databases, Infotech Int. Ltd. (Maidenhead, UK).},
Year =1979, Month =Jul, Pages ="15--29",
Annote ={invited paper Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1979:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Efficient monitoring of database assertions in distributed databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Berkeley Workshop/conference on Distributed Data Management and Computer Networks, LBL 4, San Francisco.},
Year =1979, Month =Aug,
Pages ="125--137",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1979:2, Author ={Badal,D.Z., and Popek,G.J.,},
Title ={Cost and Performance Analysis of Semantic Integrity Validation Methods },
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 79, Bernstein(ed).},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Pages ="109--115",
Annote ={the cost is very high Category ={DBDschema> DBDintegrity> DBDperform> } }

@inproceedings{Badal1979:3, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Correctness of concurrency control and implications for distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPSAC 79, Chicago.},
Year =1979, Month =Nov,
Pages ="588--594",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1980, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={On the Degree of Concurrency Provided by Concurrency Control Mechanisms for Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Symposium on Distributed Data Bases 1, N-H, Delobel and Litwin(eds), Paris, France.},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Pages ="35--48",
Category ={DBFdist> DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1980:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={The Analysis of The Effects of Concurrency Control on Distributed Data Base System Performance},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="376--383",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDperform> DBFhard.5> DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Badal1981, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Concurrency Control Overhead or Closer Look at Blocking vs. Nonblocking Concurrency Control Mechanisms},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Berkeley Workshop/conference on Distributed Data Management and Computer Networks, LBL 5, San Francisco.},
Year =1981, Month =Feb,
Pages ="85--94",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1982, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={The effects of concurrency control on centralized DBMS and distributed DBMS based on long haul and local networks},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Symposium on Distributed Data Bases2, West Berlin.},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1982:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Gehl,M.T.},
Title ={On robustness of deadlock detection algorithms for distributed computing systems},
Booktitle ={P2ICCS, Santiago.},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1983, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={Long lived transactions: Are they a problem or not?},
Booktitle ={COMPSAC 26, San Francisco.},
Year =1983, Month Mar,
Pages ="503--509",
Category ={DBDoffice>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1983:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Gehl,M.T.},
Title ={On deadlock detection in distributed computer systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.of Joint Conf. of the IEEE Comp. and Comm. Soc83, San Diego.},
Year =1983, Month Apr,
Pages ="36--49",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1983:2, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and Relue,R.},
Title ={Data Base Systems In Microworld --- DBASE II and MDBS III},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data83, San Jose, Proc. of DB Week.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="15--25",
Category ={DBDoffice>} }

@article{Badal1984, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={On semantic integrity enforcement in centralized DBMS and distributed DBMS based on slow (geographically distributed) and fast (local area) networks},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press .},
Year =1984, Pages ="121--139",
Volume ="9",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ FAUVE rules are defined to be semantics, the methods are not. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity> DBDconc, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Badal1984:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z. and McElyea,W.M.},
Title ={A Robust Adaptive Synchronization for Distributed Database Operating System},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the 3rd Joint Conf. of the IEEE Comp. and Comm. Soc., Proc.of Joint Conf. of the IEEE Comp. and Comm. Soc84, San Francisco.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Pages ="382--392",
Annote ={ Switches from optimistic to 2-phase as the number of conflicts increases. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@article{Badal1985, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={New generation of DBMS: An architecture proposal},
Journal ={IEEE Comp. Soc. Press.},
Year =1985, Pages ="206--211",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDnewDBMS>} }

@article{Badal1985:1, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={On efficient monitoring of database assertions in distributed databases},
Journal ={IEEE Computer Society Press (Washington DC, Los Alomitos CA) .},
Year =1985, Pages ="77--91",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Badal1986, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={The Distributed Deadlock Detection Algorithm},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, ; ACM CR 8703-0176.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Pages ="320--337",
Volume ="4",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at HP Lab., Palo Alto Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Badal1987, Author ={Badal,D.Z.},
Title ={MMFQL: A Multimedia Form Query Language},
Booktitle ={Proc. of Comp. Soc. IEEE Symp. on Offc. Automation, National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). .},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Pages ="312--316",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDoffice>} }

@inproceedings{Badrinath1987, Author ={Badrinath,B.R. and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={Semantics-Based Concurrency Control: Beyond Commutativity},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Badrinath1988, Author ={Badrinath,B.R. and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={Synchronizing Transactions on Objects},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers.},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Pages ="541--547",
Volume ="37",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Un.Mass. Concurrency control, granularity graph, object orientation, semantic information and compound objects, transactions. Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Badrinath1990, Author ={Badrinath,B.R. and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of Semantics-based Multilevel Concurrency Control Protocols},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Protocol and simulation with recoverability Category ={DBDconc> DBDperf> } }

@article{Badrinath1992, Author ={Badrinath,B.and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={Semantics-Based Concurrency: Beyond Commutativity},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month Mar,
Volume ="17",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDconc>} }

@techreport{Baeck1985, Author ={Baeck,A.A., Neitzel,B.J., Ripple,B.J., and Taub,R.G.},
Title ={Evaluation of Open Source Literature Databases},
Institution ={SRI, Project ESU 7801, Contract -D-3323.},
Year =1985, Number ="84",
Category ={DBDQuery, DBfile} }

@book{Baehne1935, Author ={Baehne,G.W.},
Title ={Practical Applications of the Punched Card Method in Colleges and Universities},
Publisher ={Columbia Un.Press.},
Year =1935, Category ={DBFrepresent.2>} }

@article{Baer1975, Author ={Baer,Jean-Loup},
Title ={Weight-Balanced Trees},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1975, Pages ="467--472",
Volume ="44",
Annote ={at Un.Washington Analysis of trees for unequal access frequencies. Category ={DBFtrees.4> %Baer75 } }

@book{Baer1972, Author ={Baer,Robert M.},
Title ={The Digital Villain},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), London .},
Year =1972, Annote ={at UCB Illustrations of effects of computers and data bases on society. Category ={DBDprivacy> } }

@article{BaezaYates1989, Author ={BaezaYates,R.A. and Larson,P-A.},
Title ={Performance of B+-Trees with Partial Expansions},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Pages ="248--257",
Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo, DCS, (Waterloo, Ontario, Canada) Ten percent storage efficiency is gained by gradually increasing the size of an overflowing bucket, instead of immediately splitting it. Category ={DBFindex> } }

@techreport{Baik1983, Author ={Baik,K.H and Miller,L.L.},
Title ={Topological Approach for Testing Equivalence of Databases},
Institution ={Un.Oklahoma, School of EECS, TR..},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ objective is a database generator. Topology is based on FDs and MVDs, Category ={DBDmodel.6> } }

@article{Baik1990, Author ={Baik,K.H and Miller,L.L.},
Title ={Topological Approach for Testing Equivalence in Heterogeneous Relational Databases},
Journal ={Computing J., ; ACM Computing Reviews 9107-0566.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Volume ="33",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Milwaukee equivalent means having the same functional dependencies; is based on a topology, then attributes must be contained in minimal lhs and rhs open sets of the same cardinality; better to use covers and partitions --- W.Armstrong. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{Bailin1989, Author ={Bailin,Sidney C.},
Title ={An Object-Oriented Requirements Specification Method},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Pages ="608--623",
Volume ="32",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at CTA Inc., (Laurel MD) Uses an ER model applied to bank check processing. Category ={DEng> } }

@book{Bain1989, Author ={Bain,M., Bland,R., Burnard,L., Duke,J., et al.},
Title ={Free text retrieval systems; a review and evaluation},
Publisher ={Taylor Graham Pub., London, 120pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9005-0370.},
Year =1989, Annote ={ project at Bish Universities evaluated and compared BASIS, BRS/Search, and STATUS; relevance measures and document ranking are nonexistent in BASIS and BRS/SEarch and not yet tested in STATUS. ---Gebhardt. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@techreport{Baker1978, Author ={Baker,C.T.},
Title ={Logical Distribution of Applications and Data},
Institution ={IBM, G321-5121.},
Year =1978, Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Baker1972, Author ={Baker,F.T,},
Title ={Chief Programmer Team Management of Production Program\-ming},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1972, Pages ="56--72",
Volume ="11",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDadmin.1> } }

@article{Baker1975, Author ={Baker,G.J.},
Title ={The Correct Use of CODASYL DBTG Data Sets},
Journal ={Database Journal-Software World.},
Year =1975, Pages ="19--21",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDbound.5> %Baker75 } }

@techreport{Baker1979, Author ={Baker,Geoffrey(ed)},
Title ={Database Achievements},
Institution ={British Computer Society.},
Year =1979, Category ={DBDintro, QA76.9D3D311} }

@book{Baker1989, Author ={Baker,Louis},
Title ={Artificial Intelligence with Ada},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 361pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9002-0097.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Mission Research Corp, Albuquerque programs forward and backward chaining plus frames and augmented transition network parser; a small number of large programs, in all 8000 lines; approach to AI is sophisticated searching of a sophisticated database ---R.Garrett. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Baker1972:1, Author ={Baker,M.G.J., Betts,A.K., Collton,G.K., and Mitchell,M.J.},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems, Their Use in Hospital Data Processing},
Institution ={Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London .},
Year =1972, Annote ={ at National Health Computing Services Group, Data Base subgroup (UK) Expositio[An and analysis with examples of problems with the structure proposed in the DBTG report. Category ={DBDbound>%Baker72 } }

@article{Baker1990, Author ={Baker,T.E.,},
Title ={A hierachical/relational approach to Modeling},
Journal ={Computer Science in Economics and Management, no.1.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="3",
Category ={DBDkb> DBDappl>} }

@book{Bal1990, Author ={Bal,Henri E.},
Title ={Programming Distributed Systems},
Publisher ={Silicon Press, 282pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9012-0925.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at Vrije Un, Amsterdam based on PhD thesis; only communicate by message passing; Amoebe limitations; a new language, Orca, based on the shared data model; manages the actual physical replication of data among various processors Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Balaban1987, Author ={Balaban,D.J., Wright,G.K., Innes,F.T., and Goldfarb,N.I.},
Title ={Choosing a Micro Database for Easy Retrieval of Reprints},
Journal ={M.D. Computing, Springer Verlag, -Jun..},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="23--29",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Names: Notebook II, Sci-Mate Manager, FYI-3000, Superfile, Sire, Ref-Ed, Professional Bibliographic System, Citation, ZyINDEX, PowerBase, REF-11, Cardfile. Includes evaluation and addresses of suppliers of bibliographic products. Category ={DBDbiblio> } }

@techreport{Balbin1986, Author ={Balbin,I. and Ramamohanarao,K.},
Title ={A Differential Approach to Query Optimization in Recursive Deductive Databases},
Institution ={Un.Melbourne, TR., rcvd .},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ Formal differentiation of expressions, fairly readable. Category ={DBDtheory, Ullman } }

@unpublished{Balbin1987, Author ={Balbin,I., Port,G.S., and Ramamohanarao,K.},
Title ={Magic Set Computation for Stratified Databases},
Note ={rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Un.Melbourne The problem is that if one is not careful, when you apply a magic-sets transformation to stratified Datalog with negation, you can get rules that are not stratified. They define two notions of `safety' of rules (called `allowed'). One, which I'll call bottom-up safe, is the usual notion: Every variable of the rule must appear in a POSITIVE subgoal. The second, `top-down safe' is defined with respect to an adornment, that is, a set of bound arguments for the head. It requires that every variable of the rule either appear in a positive subgoal or a bound argument of the head. The difference is seen in p(X,Y) :- q(Y,Z) and not r(Z,X). This is not BU safe; if you try to compute the relation for the body from q and r, you have nothing with respect to which you can complement r, i.e., there is no limit to the set of possible X's. On the other hand, proceeding top down, if you have a binding for X from the head, say set x0, you can complement r by subtracting it from piZ(q) * x0, so it is rightly considered TD safe with respect to adornment p(bf). Their main idea, as far as I see it, is a construction that takes any set of rules and a query, such that the rules are TD safe for that query (and presumably a decision as to how information is passed sideways in each rule, so the adornments for the various rules can be established). The output of the construction is a revised set of rules that are BU safe and can answer the query bottom-up in an `efficient' manner; i.e., a `magic sets' transformation has been applied. --- jeff Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@unpublished{Balbin1988, Author ={Balbin,I., Meenakshi,K., and Ramamohanarao,K.,},
Title ={An Efficient Labelling Algorithm for Magic Set Computation on Stratified Databases},
Note ={Un.Melbourne, TR.88.1, rcvd..},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ The problem is that when we have a stratified KB, and we try to apply a magic sets transformation, we may wind up with a nonstratified KB. A previous paper by Balbin, Port, and Ramam... proposed labeling as a way to avoid the problem. One places subscripts (labels) on different occurrences of the same predicate, say p, in the bodies of the rules. Having, say, split p into p1 and p2, we make two copies of the rules for p (after having labeled the p's in the bodies) and label the heads of one set p1, the other p2. This paper proposes a way to do labeling in a way that makes the rules stratified after the MS transformation, and yet minimizes the number of rule duplications. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@inproceedings{Balbo1984, Author ={Balbo,G., Demo,G.B., DiLeva,P., and Giolito,Leva P.},
Title ={Dynamics Analysis in Database Design},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Torino Italy Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{Balboni1993, Author ={Balboni,J.},
Title ={Interoperable, Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at SQL Access Group Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Baldissera1979, Author ={Baldissera,C., Bracchi,G., and Ceri,S.},
Title ={A Query Processing Strategy for Distributed Database},
Journal ={Proc.EURO-IFIP Congress, London UK, N-H.},
Year =1979, Pages ="667--677",
Category ={DBDnewDBMS.7> DBDdist> DBDdesign> DBDrel.3 <} }

@inproceedings{Baldissera1979:1, Author ={Baldissera,C., Ceri,S., Pelagatti,G., and Bracchi,G.},
Title ={Interactive Specification and Formal Verification of User's Views in Data Base Design},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 5, Rio de Janeiro.},
Year =1979, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Politecnica di Milan o(Italy) Category ={DBDdesign, Stdt File Ceri } }

@book{Baldissera1981, Author ={Baldissera,C., Ceri,S. and Colorni,A.},
Title ={Optimization Methods and Computer Programs},
Publisher ={Informatica Series, CLUP.Ed, (in Italian).},
Year =1981, Category ={DBFmethods.4> DBDdist>} }

@article{Ballard1985, Author ={Ballard,Bruce W.},
Title ={Editorial: Introduction to the special issue on Transportable Natural Language Processing},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Office Automation Systems.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Pages ="165--184",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at ATT Bell Lab and Southwest Research Inst contains papers by Epstein,S.S; Marsh,E., Friedman,C; Hafner,C.D., Godden,K; Damerau,F.J; Thompson,B.H. and F.B; Slocum,F. and Justus,C.F. Category ={DBDnat, xissue } }

@inproceedings{Ballard1984, Author ={Ballard,B.N. and Lusth,J.C.},
Title ={The Design of DOMINO: A Knowledge-Based Retrieval Module for Transportable Natural Language Access to Personal Computers},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at ATT Bell Lab and Southwest Research Inst Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Ballou1989, Author ={Ballou,D.P. and Tayi,G.K.},
Title ={Methodology for Allocating Resources for Data Quality Enhancement},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Pages ="320--329",
Volume ="32",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at SUNY-Albany Un., School of Business Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@unpublished{Ballou1987, Author ={Ballou,N., Chou,H.T., Garza,J.F., Kim,W., Petrie,C., Russinoff,D., Steiner,D., and Woelk,D.},
Title ={Coupling on Expert System Shell with an Object Oriented Database System},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at MCC Features hypothetical transactions, schema changes, truth maintenance, versions. Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Balter1981, Author ={Balter,R.},
Title ={Selection of a Commitment and Recovery Mechanism for a Distributed Transactional System},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 1, Bhargava(ed) .},
Year =1981, Pages ="21--26",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.2> DBDrel} }

@techreport{Balz1966, Author ={Balz,Charles F. and Stanwood,Richard H.},
Title ={Literature on Information Retrieval and Machine Translation, 2nd edition},
Institution ={IBM, Fed. Sys. Div., doc.953-0300.},
Year =1966, Month =Jan,
Annote ={Bibliography with 3800 entries. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Balzer1982, Author ={Balzer,R., Dyer,D., Fehling,M., and Saunders,S.},
Title ={Specification Based Computing Environments},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 8, Mexico City.},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Pages ="273--279",
Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.3.3>} }

@article{Balzer1984, Author ={Balzer,R.M., Goldman,N., and Neches,B.},
Title ={A Specification-Based Computing Environment for Information Management},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Pages ="454--458",
Annote ={at USC, ISI Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Balzer1986, Author ={Balzer,Robert M.},
Title ={Open Issues in Expert Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1,},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Balzer1986:1, Author ={Balzer,Robert},
Title ={Living in the Next-Generation Operating System},
Journal ={'Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf', H.Kugler(ed), N-H (Amsterdam).},
Year =1986, Annote ={at USC Data and control spaces. In data space: persistence, sharing and strucutre should be independent. 'The distinction between explicit, stored data, and implicit, derived data, is only a manifestation of the data's physical representation' !? System to provide associative retrieval to the data. Control space: modules interact through the database. Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Balzer1989, Author ={Balzer,R. Gabriel,R.},
Title ={Draft Report on Requirements for a Common Prototyping System},
Booktitle ={ACM Sigplan Notices, Volume 24, Number 3, March .},
Year =1989, Annote ={ Describes a proposed DARPA research program to take 4 years, and result in a unified protoyping environment and language. A prototype is a program built in order to obtain information useful in the construction of a future production system. Such information make take the form of performance estimates of algorithms and implementation strategies, or experience with the adequacy of a proposed user interface. In order to be economoically justified a prototyping system must support very rapid development, and have a strong instrumentation facility. On the other hand, the protoype need not be as efficient as the production version, it may implement only a portion of the eventual application, and it may require manual intervention in order to run. The document describes requirements for an environment and system, and expresses the opinion that while no individual part of the project requires a great advance in the state of the art, bringing all the pieces together into a unified system, is likelyt to prove very challenging. Database and communication facilities required include: 1) A persistent object store a) An application specific component to store objects needed by the application in its execution, including test cases, etc. b) protypes themselves, their components, and information about them, including version histories, and the results of instrumented prior runs. c) Definitions of types and abstractions used or produced by a prototype. These should be stored by the system to facilitate composition and inter-language communication 2) Call-in/Call-out. Prototypes will be written using multiple languages (typically Lisp and ADA, and perhaps more specialized constructs as well.) Modules need to be able to share objects across language boundaries, and there needs to be an encapsualtion facility so that a module may be implemented in different languges during the prototype development process. Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Bamford1987, Author ={Bamford,R.},
Title ={Oracle: A High Performance PRoduction DBMS},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Oracle Corp} }

@inproceedings{Banatre1988, Author ={Banatre,M., Muller,G., and Banatre,J-P.},
Title ={Ensuring Data Security and Integrity with a Fast Stable Storage},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDintegrity> DBFreliab>} }

@inproceedings{Banatre1993, Author ={Banatre,M., Heng,P., Muller,G., Peyrouze,N., and Rochat,B.},
Title ={An Experience in the Design of a Reliable Object Based System (Synopsis)},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at INRIA; Bull Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Bancilhon1977, Author ={Bancilhon,F.M. and Spyratos,N.},
Title ={Protection of Information in Relational Data Base Management Systems},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.243.},
Year =1977, Annote ={at IRIA Category ={DBDprivacy, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bancilhon1978, Author ={Bancilhon,F.},
Title ={On the Completeness of Query Languages for Relational Data Bases},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.297.},
Year =1978, Annote ={ Shows recursion and transitive closure capability in pure relational calculus. Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDrel.2.1, DBfile } }

@article{Bancilhon1981, Author ={Bancilhon,F.B. and Spryatos,N.},
Title ={Update Semantics of Relational Views},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Pages ="557--575",
Volume ="6",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ A mapping called a translator, associates with each view update a unique database update. A method for defining translators with the user-defined view, define a complementary view such that the database could be computed from the view and its complement. We define the translation of a given view update in such a way that the complement remains invariant. Aplies to Universal relations. Category ={DBDmodel.6> } }

@article{Bancilhon1982, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Richard,P.},
Title ={TQL: A Textual Query Language},
Journal ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.145.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul, Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDquery, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bancilhon1983, Author ={Bancilhon,F.B. and Richard,P.},
Title ={A Sound and Complete Axiomatization of Embedded Cross Dependencies},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.249.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile} }

@incollection{Bancilhon, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Richard,P.},
Title ={Managing Texts and Facts in a Mixed Database Environment},
Booktitle ={`New Applications of Databases' Gardarin and Gelenbe(eds), Academic Press (New York NY),},
Category ={DBDquery.1>} }

@article{Bancilhon1985, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Spyratos,M.},
Title ={Algebraic Versus Probabilistic Independence in Data Bases},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at INRIA Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Bancilhon1985:1, Author ={Bancilhon,F., Kim,W., and Korth,H.F.},
Title ={A Model of CAD Transactions},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 11, Stockholm.},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Annote ={View Objects Category ={DBDobject> EIS> VOD, DBfile Korth } }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1986, Author ={Bancilhon,F., Maier,D., Sagiv,Y. and Ullman,J.},
Title ={Magic Sets and Other Strange Ways to Implement Logic Programs},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA. },
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1986:1, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Khoshafian,S.},
Title ={A Calculus for Complex Objects},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA. },
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DBDobject> DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1986:2, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Ramakrishnan,R.},
Title ={An Amateur's Introduction to Recursive Query Processing Strategies},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Pages ="16--52",
Annote ={[Ahad,Yao,Choi87] B.1,C.n. Category ={DBDlogic> DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1987, Author ={Bancilhon,F., Briggs,T., Khoshafian,S., and Valduriez,P.},
Title ={FAD, a Powerful and Simple Database Language},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1988, Author ={Bancilhon,F.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Database Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1988, Annote ={at Altair Invited lecture. Gives his vision of the current state of object-oriented database research. Considers encapsulation, object identity, classes, inheritance, overriding and late binding as important characteristics. Predicts that object oriented systems have a reasonable chance to take over relational systems. Outlines the good and the bad and identifies research issues. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@book{Bancilhon1990, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Buneman,P. (eds)},
Title ={Advances in Database Programming Languages},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 457pp.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ type systems for databases, logic and functional paradigms for database programming Category ={DBDlang> } }

@article{Bancilhon1990:1, Author ={Bancilhon,F. and Kim,W.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Database Systems: In Transition},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1990, Month =Dec,
Volume ="13",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ query model, optimization, user interfaces, design, view, performance benchmarks designed for engineering applications Category ={DBDobject> } }

@book{Bancilhon1991, Author ={Bancilhon,F., Delobel,C., and Kanellakis,P.},
Title ={Building an Object-Oriented Database System},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufman, 600pp.},
Year =1991, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ languages in O2 implementation and user interface Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Bancilhon1993, Author ={Bancilhon,Francois},
Title ={The role of Database Theory in Future Database System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at O2 Technology, INVITED TALK Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Bandurski1975, Author ={Bandurski,Ann E. and Jefferson,David K.},
Title ={Data Description for Computer-Aided Design},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 75, King(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =May,
Pages ="193--202",
Annote ={at Naval Ship Res. and Dev. Ctr Problems in implementing design network data models in DBTG and relational systems. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{Bandyopadhyay1988, Author ={Bandyopadhyay,S., and Sengupta,A.},
Title ={Robust Protocol for Parallel Join Operations in Distributed Data Bases},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Un. of Windsor Category ={DBDops> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Banerjee1978, Author ={Banerjee,J. and Hsiao, D.K.},
Title ={Performance Study of A Database Machine in Supporting Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4.},
Year =1978, Annote ={ DBC, Database Computer, is one of the larger-scale research efforts in Database Machines. It is one of the earlier models which attemps to support large databases, as well as multiple data models. A distinguishing feature is its pipeline design. Its four components are: KXU, SM, SMIP, and IXU. --- Kitty Shih Category ={DBFmach> } }

@article{Banerjee1978:1, Author ={Banerjee,J., Hsiao,D.K., and Baum,R.I.},
Title ={Concepts and Capabilities of a Database Computer},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1978, Month =Dec,
Pages ="347--384",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Ohio State Un.; IBM, Poughkeepsie Lab The concepts of a database computer (DBC) are given. The theory of operation is based on abstract models. The DBC performs access operations, manages data structures and security specifications. Category ={DBFmach> } }

@article{Banerjee1979, Author ={Banerjee,J., Hsiao,D.K., and Kannon,K.},
Title ={DBC--A Data Base Computer for Very Large Data Bases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-28 .},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Banerjee1986, Author ={Banerjee,J. and Kim,W.},
Title ={Supporting VLSI Geometry Operations in a Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={EIS>} }

@inproceedings{Banerjee1987, Author ={Banerjee,J., Kim,W., Kim,K-J., and Korth,H.F.},
Title ={Semantics and Implementation of Schema Evolution in Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at MCC single class hierarchy, multiple inheritance Category ={DBDobject> DBDschema> } }

@article{Banerjee1990, Author ={Banerjee,J., Chou,H-T., Garza,J., Kim,W., Woelk,D., Ballou,N., and Kim,H},
Title ={Data Model Issues for Object-Oriented Applications},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Banerjee1988, Author ={Banerjee,J., Kim,W., and Kim,K-C.},
Title ={Queries in Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Banerjee1988:1, Author ={Banerjee,J., Kim,W., Kim,S-J. and Garza,J.F.},
Title ={Clustering a DAG for CAD Databases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE),},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1684--1699",
Volume ="14",
Number ="11",
Annote ={at Unisys Corp., St.Paul MN Depth-first, breadth-first, and a hybrid children-depth-first traversal. Clustered by visit order. Category ={EIS> DBDmodel> DBDperform> } }

@article{Banks1985, Author ={Banks,P.M.(chair)},
Title ={Space Station Summer Study Report},
Journal ={NASA (Washington DC).},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={ Sect.5.2: `IOC Facility and Operations Requirements: Communications and Information Systems' has requirements for information systems. Category ={DBappl, x } }

@article{Bannister1982, Author ={Bannister,Joseph A.},
Title ={Task and File Allocation in Fault-Tolerant Distributed Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul, Pages ="103--111",
Annote ={ at Research Triangle Inst. (Research Triangle Park NC) Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDdist> } }

@article{Banville1989, Author ={Banville,C. and Landry,M.},
Title ={Can the field of MIS be disciplined?},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 9008-0696.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Volume ="32",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Quebec the attempt to create an MIS discipline is a legitimate, if ill-fated task Category ={DBDappl> } }

@inproceedings{Baral1991, Author ={Baral,C., Kraus,S., Minker,J., and Subrahmanian,V.},
Title ={Combining knowledge bases consisting of first order theories},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un. Maryland priorities to resolve Category ={DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Baran1964, Author ={Baran,P.},
Title ={On Distributed Communications: IX. Security, Secrecy and Tamper-Free Considerations},
Institution ={Rand, RM-3765-PR,},
Year =1964, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Rand (Santa Monica CA) Category ={DBDprivacy.1>} }

@inproceedings{Barback1992, Author ={Barback,M., Lobo,J., and Lu,J.},
Title ={The Non-monotonic Nature of a Class of Incomplete Information},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Northwestern University, Evanston Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@techreport{Barbara1982, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={How Expensive is Data Replication, An Example},
Institution ={Proc. Intern.Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (IEEE) 3, ?.},
Year =1982, Pages ="263--268",
Annote ={at Dep.EE eand CS, Princeton Un. Category ={DBDdist> DBFrepresent, DBfile } }

@techreport{Barbara1984, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={The Vulnerability of Vote Assignments},
Institution ={Princeton Un., TR.321.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul, Category ={DBDdist> DBFrepresent> DBDintegrity, Dist. DBfile } }

@article{Barbara1986, Author ={Barbara,D., GarciaMolina,H., and Spauster,A.},
Title ={Increasing Availability under Mutual Exclusion Constraints with Dynamic Vote Reassignment},
Journal ={Princeton Un., DCS, TR.CS-TR-056-86.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Coteries are more powerful than vote assignments; they are more structured in formal analysis and help the selection of good mechanisms; a new class of quorum based protocols. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab, DBfile Garcia at Princeton Un., DCS Category ={DBDreliab> } }

@techreport{Barbara1984:1, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Evaluating Vote Assignments with a Probabalistic Metric},
Institution ={Princeton Un., TR.EECS 331.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDintegrity, DBfile Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDintegrity> DBFmethods.4, DBfile Garcia } }

@techreport{Barbara1986:1, Author ={Barbara,D., GarciaMolina,H., and Kogan,B.},
Title ={Maintaining Availability of Replicated Data in a Dynamic Failure Environment},
Institution ={Princeton Un. DCS, CS-TR-064-86.},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDconc, DBfile Garcia at Princeton Un. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab, DBfile Garcia } }

@techreport{Barbara1986:2, Author ={Barbara,D., GarciaMolina,H. and Spauster,A.},
Title ={Protocols for Dynamic Vote Reassignment},
Institution ={Princeton Un., CS-TR-037-86,},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Category ={DBDintegrity, DBfile} }

@article{Barbara1987, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={The Reliability of Voting Mechanisms},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-36 no.10, 1197-1208.},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDdist> DBDconc>} }

@techreport{Barbara1987:1, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Exploiting Symmetries for Low-Cost Comparison of File Copies},
Institution ={Princeton Un., TR.CS-TR-117-87.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Princeton Un., DCS Checking replicated data. Category ={DBDintegrity> DBFdist, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Barbara1990, Author ={Barbara,D. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={The Case for Controlled Inconsistency in Replicated Data},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Management of Replicated Data, Houston.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Barbara1993, Author ={Barbara,D. et al.},
Title ={The Gold Mailer},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Category ={unknown>} }

@inproceedings{Barbara1993:1, Author ={Barbara,D. et al.},
Title ={Interoperability with Unstructed Data and Services},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at MITL Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Barbic1985, Author ={Barbic,F. and Pernici,B.},
Title ={Time Modeling of Office Information},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Proc., Austin.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ Temporal Semantic Office System (TSOS). Precise defionitions. Cyclic periodic events. Triggers (activation rules). Category ={DBDmodel> DBDoffice> } }

@article{Barclay1982, Author ={Barclay,D.K., Byrne,E.R., and Ng,F.K.},
Title ={A Real-time Database Management System for No.5 ESS},
Journal ={Bell System Technical Journal.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="2423-2437",
Volume ="61",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ Database management system for the No.5 Electronic Switching System. The database is distributed and subject to stringent real-time constraints and reliability requirements. Category ={DBFrealtime> DBappl> DBDdist> } }

@incollection{Barcucci1990, Author ={Barcucci, E., Pinzani,R., and Sprugnoli,R.},
Title ={Optimal selection of secondary indexes},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE) .},
Year =1990, Month =Jan,
Pages ="32--38",
Volume ="16",
Annote ={at Un.Firenze minimize the transactions total cost by a heuristic algorithm based on the cost function in polynomial time. Category ={DBFindex> } }

@article{Bard1980, Author ={Bard,Y.},
Title ={A Model of Shared DASD and Multipathing},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="564--572",
Volume ="23",
Number ="10",
Category ={DBFsyseval.4>} }

@inproceedings{Barghouti1990, Author ={Barghouti,N. and Sokolsky,M.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Data Modeling in Rule-Based Software Development Environments},
Booktitle ={Workshop on OODB Standardization 1, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at Columbia Category ={DBDobject> DEng>} }

@techreport{Barker1988, Author ={Barker,K. and Ozsu,M.T.},
Title ={Survey of Issues in Heterogeneous DDB Systems},
Institution ={Un.Alberta, DCS, TR-88-9.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDtrans, DBfile Ozsu} }

@inproceedings{Barker1991, Author ={Barker,K. and Ozsu,M.},
Title ={Reliable Transaction Execution in Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Barker1989, Author ={Barker,V.E. and OConnor,D.E.},
Title ={Expert Systems for Configuration at Digital: XCON and Beyond},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Pages ="298--318",
Volume ="32",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Digital Equipment Corp Motivation for R1ME, declining with growth and complexity. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Barkmeyer, Author ={Barkmeyer,E., Mitchell,M., Mikkilineni,K., Su,S.Y.W., and Lam,H.},
Title ={An Architecture for an integrated manufacturing data administration system},
Institution ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). IR 863312, National Bureau of Standards, Gaithersburg, Md.},
Category ={unknown>} }

@book{Barlow1956, Author ={Barlow,R.E., Proschan,F., and Hunter,L.C.},
Title ={Mathematical Theory of Reliability},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 256pp.},
Year =1956, Category ={DBFuse-4>} }

@book{Barnes1985, Author ={Barnes,J.G. and Fisher,G.A.(eds)},
Title ={Ada in Use},
Publisher ={Cambridge Un.Press, Ada Letters, Sep-.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Volume ="5",
Number ="2",
Annote ={Proc. Ada Internat.Conf., Paris, May.1985. Category ={DBDdesign, QA76.73.A16A25 } }

@book{Barnes1986, Author ={Barnes,Lan},
Title ={dBASE Demystified. dBASE II/III/III PLUS: Applications and Solutions to Real Problems},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 310pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8904-0194.},
Year =1986, Annote ={Minimal advanced use. Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@article{Barnes1962, Author ={Barnes,R.F.},
Title ={Language Problems Posed by Heavily Structured Data},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1962, Month =Jan,
Pages ="28--34",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Itek Labs (Lexington MA) Graphs to describe language statements. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@incollection{Barnett1974, Author ={Barnett,A.J. and Lightfoot,J.A.},
Title ={Information Management System},
Booktitle ={Data Base Management Systems, Jardine(ed), N-H (SHARE).},
Year =1974, Annote ={ An early users experience in the evolution of IBMs IMS Category ={DBDbound.6> } }

@inproceedings{Barnett1981, Author ={Barnett,A.},
Title ={Securing User Involvement},
Booktitle ={Management Information Systems, Riley (Ed).},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDadmin} }

@article{Baroody1982, Author ={Baroody,A.J.Jr. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={The Impact of Run-Time Schema Interpretation in a Network Data Model DBMS},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-8 .},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Pages ="123--137",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ We present a performance model, the workloads used in our simulations, and the experimental results. To examine the effect of mass storage performance on interpretation overhead, our performunce model includes parameters which describe the CPU and the mass storage system being studied. We next analyze these experiments and describe our conclusion that schema interpretation is a significant portion of system overhead. A second source of overhead involving contention for schema descriptor buffer space is then discussed. In a coded system B locality of D, B references are required. Category ={DBDschema.4.1> } }

@inproceedings{Barnett1981:1, Author ={Barnett,Jeffrey A.},
Title ={Computational Methods for a Mathematical Theory of Evidence},
Booktitle ={Proc.International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7.},
Year =1981, Month =Aug,
Pages ="868--875",
Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Baroody1977, Author ={Baroody,A.J., and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Application of Abstract Data types to the Implementation of Data Base Management Systems},
Institution ={CS TR.307.},
Year =1977, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile} }

@article{Baroody1981, Author ={Baroody,A.J.,jr. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={An Object-Oriented Approach to Database System Implementation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Pages ="576--601",
Volume ="6",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ at Xerox, Webster Research Ctr; Un.Wisconsin, Madison Category ={DBDobject> DBDschema.6> } }

@techreport{Baroody1977:1, Author ={Baroody,A.J. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Application of Abstract Data Types to the Implementation of Data Base Management Systems},
Institution ={Un.Wisconsin, CSD, TR.307.},
Year =1977, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile} }

@article{Baroudi1986, Author ={Baroudi,J.J., Olson,M.H., and Ives,B.},
Title ={An Empirical Study of the Impact of User Involvement on System Usage and Information Satisfaction},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Volume ="29",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ evidence that the satisfaction with the system will lead to greater usage. Category ={DBDadmin> } }

@techreport{Barr1980, Author ={Barr,A. and Davidson,J.},
Title ={Representation of Knowledge},
Institution ={Stanford CS Tech.Rep. Stan-CS-80-793.},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Annote ={ section for 'The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence' Category ={DBDkb> } }

@book{Barr1981, Author ={Barr,A. and Feigenbaum,E.F., P.Cohen},
Title ={The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufman, (Los Altos CA), 1982.},
Year =1981, Annote ={ Vol.1, pp.180-189 has some notes on semantic nets Vol.3, pp.171-172 has dome notes on data models. Category ={DBDquery.1> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Barrera1981, Author ={Barrera,R. and Buchmann,A.P.},
Title ={Schema Definition and Query Language for a Geographical Database System},
Booktitle ={CAPAIDM, Workshop on Parallel Image Proc. and Mgmt., IEEE Hot Springs .},
Year =1981, Category ={Image>} }

@article{Barrera1991, Author ={Barrera,R., Frank,A., and AlTaha,K.},
Title ={Temporal Relations in Geographic Information Systems},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@article{Barron1967, Author ={Barron,D.W., Fraser,A.G., Hartley,D.F. and Needham,R.M.},
Title ={File Handling at Cambridge University},
Journal ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1967, Pages ="163--167",
Volume ="30",
Annote ={at Cambridge Un., The Mathematical Lab File support for scientific multiprogramming system --- Atlas Category ={DBFuse-4.6> } }

@techreport{Barsalou1987, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Applying a Semantic Model to an Immunology Database},
Institution ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 11, (Washington DC), Stead(ed), IEEE Computer Society Press (Washington DC, Los Alomitos CA) .},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Pages ="871--877",
Annote ={at Stanford Un., MIS Application of the structural model. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1988, Author ={Barsalou,Thierry},
Title ={An Object-based Architecture for Biomedical Expert Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 12, IEEE Computer Society Press (Washington DC, Los Alomitos CA) , Washington DC.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., MIS object generation and instantiation based on the structural model. I3 Category ={DBDobject> MIS> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1989, Author ={Barsalou,T., Chavez,R., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Hypertext Interfaces for Decision-Support Systems: A Case Study},
Booktitle ={Stanford KSL report 89-03.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Annote ={(received gold medal); Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Barsalou1989:1, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Knowledge-based Mapping of Relations into Objects},
Journal ={to be published in Computer Aided Design.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Stanford Un., MIS Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1989:2, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Knowledge-directed Mediation Between Application Objects and Base Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Working Conference on Data and Knowledge Base Integration, University of Keele,England, Pitman, London, UK.},
Year =1989, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1989:3, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={A Cooperative Hypertext Interface to Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 13, IEEE Computer Society Press (Washington DC, Los Alomitos CA) , Washington D.C..},
Year =1989, Month =Nov,
Pages ="383--387",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@techreport{Barsalou1990, Author ={Barsalou,T.},
Title ={View Objects for Relational Databases},
Institution ={Technical Report No. STAN-CS-90-1310.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDobject> VOD>} }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1990:1, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Expert database Systems in Biomedicine, the PENGUIN project},
Booktitle ={Stanford report KSL 90-12.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@techreport{Barsalou1990:2, Author ={Barsalou,T., Keller,A., Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Relational Updates Through View Objects},
Institution ={Stanford report KSL 90-29, June .},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Barsalou1990:3, Author ={Barsalou,T., Chavez,R.M., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Representing Probabilistic Knowledge in Relational Databases},
Institution ={Stanford report KSL 90-13.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Barsalou1990:4, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Knowledge-based Mapping of Relations into Objects},
Journal ={Computer Aided Design, Buttersworth, Great Britain.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Barsalou1990:5, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Complex Objects for Relational Databases},
Journal ={Computer-Aided Design, special issue on OODBManagement Science, Journal of TIMSs.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1991, Author ={Barsalou,T., Siambela,N., Keller,A., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Updating Relational Databases through Object-Based Views},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={ a specialization of view update using the structural model, object constraints and interrogation. I3 Category ={DBDobject> VOD> } }

@article{Barsalou1991:1, Author ={Barsalou,T., Sujansky,W., Herzenberg,L., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Management of Complex Immunogenetics Information Using an Enhanced Relational Model},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, pages 476-498.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Volume ="24",
Number ="5",
Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Barsalou1992, Author ={Barsalou,T. and Gangopadhyay,D.},
Title ={M(DM): An Open Framework for Interoperation of Multimodel Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center Category ={DBDdist> } }

@book{Barstow1979, Author ={Barstow,Dave},
Title ={Knowledge-based Program Construction},
Publisher ={Elseviers.},
Year =1979, Category ={DEng>} }

@book{Barth1966, Author ={Barth,John},
Title ={Giles Goat-Boy},
Publisher ={Fawcett, Greenwich CN, 766pp.},
Year =1966, Annote ={ Boisterous fantasy of computers and the educational system. Category ={DBFintro> %Barth66 } }

@inproceedings{Bartlett1978, Author ={Bartlett,J.F.},
Title ={A NonStop operating system},
Booktitle ={Proc. Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences 11.},
Year =1978, Pages ="103--117",
Volume ="3",
Annote ={description of TANDEM system. Category ={DBFuse-4.1>} }

@book{Bartone1983, Author ={Bartone,John II},
Title ={Current Status Of Computers In Medicine: Medical Subject Analysis and Bibliography},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1983, Category ={MCS, Z6675.E4B373.} }

@inproceedings{Baru1987, Author ={Baru,C.K. and Frieder,O.},
Title ={Implementing Relational Database Operations in a Cube-connected Multicomputer},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, LA.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={hypercube Category ={DBFmach>} }

@unpublished{Baru1990, Author ={Baru,C.K. and Padmanabhan,S.},
Title ={Join and Data Redistribution Algorithms for Hypercubes},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1990, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDhard, DBfile} }

@article{Baru1990:1, Author ={Baru,C.K. and Goel,P.},
Title ={Squashed Embedding of E-R Schemas in Hypercubes},
Journal ={J. of Parallel and Distributed Computing.},
Year =1990, Volume ="8",
Category ={DBDhard, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Bary1970, Author ={Bary,C., et al.},
Title ={Presentation on Virtual Access Methods},
Booktitle ={SHARE-TSS Project Proc..},
Year =1970, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at IBM, TSS Group System description of a file system based on automatic paging capability. Category ={DBFhybrid.8> } }

@article{Basarab1984, Author ={Basarab,I.A. and Redko,V.N.},
Title ={A Logical-Functional Approach to Data Bases},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Apr..},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Pages ="87--99",
Volume ="10",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ algebra for relational databases. Relational structures are to be enhanced. Some SQL quantors are not expressible in logic. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDops, FASAC 325 } }

@article{Baskett1976, Author ={Baskett,F. and Smith,A.J.},
Title ={Interference in Multiprocessor Computer Systems with Interleaved Memory},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1976, Month =Jun,
Pages ="327--334",
Volume ="19",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Stanford Un.; UCB Category ={DBFeval.4>} }

@article{Basden1980, Author ={Basden,A. and Clark,E.M.},
Title ={Data Integrity in a General Practice Computer System},
Journal ={International Journal Biomed. Computer.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Pages ="511--519",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Bass1987, Author ={Bass,Leonard J.},
Title ={Role of a Historian a Data Base Management System},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Pages ="35--40",
Volume ="4",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at CMU DATAMAN maintains an audittrail. Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Bassiouni1985, Author ={Bassiouni,M.A.},
Title ={Data Compression in Scientific and Statistical Databases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-11 .},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="1047--1058",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Un.Central FL. Orlando extensive summary. Category ={DBFrepresent-4> DBDprivacy-10> } }

@inproceedings{Bassiouni1989, Author ={Bassiouni,M., Mukherjee,A., and Ranganathan,N.},
Title ={On Software and Hardware Techniques of Data Encoding},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@inproceedings{Bastani1987, Author ={Bastani,F.B. and Yen,I-L.},
Title ={A Fault Tolerant Replicated Storage System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, LA.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDreliab>} }

@inproceedings{Basu1988, Author ={Basu,Amit},
Title ={Knowledge Views in Multiuser Knowledge Based Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ Presents the organization of a rule-based knowledge base system that supports multiple heterogeneous user views. Domain knowledge is partitioned into separate views. Knowledge sharing between different views is achieved by importing derived data and rules from another view. I don't like this idea of interacting views. Maybe it can be avoided by defining views dynamically. Worth as a foundation for further research. ---BSLee. I3 Category ={DBDkb> VOD> } }

@inproceedings{Batcher1981, Author ={Batcher,K.E.},
Title ={STARAN Parallel Processor System Hardware},
Booktitle ={in Kuhn and Padua 'Tutorial on Parallel Processing', IEEE.},
Year =1981, Annote ={Required. ---Miya. Category ={DBDparallel>} }

@inproceedings{Batcher1968, Author ={Batcher,K.E.},
Title ={Sorting Networks and their Applications},
Booktitle ={SJCC.},
Year =1968, Pages ="307--314",
Annote ={at Goodyear Aerospace Corp, (Akron OH) Category ={DBFmach, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bate1989, Author ={Bate,Geoffrey},
Title ={Alternative Storage Technologies},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPCON 89, San Francisco, -Mar.,},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="151--157",
Annote ={at Santa Clara Un. Cost prediction Category ={DBFhard> } }

@unpublished{Bateman1990, Author ={Bateman,John.A.},
Title ={Upper Modeling: A general organization of knowledge for natural language processing},
Note ={Workshop on Standards for Knowledge Representation Systems, Santa Barbara.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Annote ={at USC/ISI supports interface between domain-specific knowledge and general linguistic resources. Category ={DBDnat, DBfile } }

@incollection{Bates1982, Author ={Bates,D., Boral,H., and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={A Framework for Research in Database Management for Statistical Analysis},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="69--78",
Category ={DBFmethods.2> DBappl> DBDstat>} }

@incollection{Bates1984, Author ={Bates,M., Moser,M.G., and Stallard,D.},
Title ={The IRUS Transportable Natural Language Database Interface},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at BBN. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Batini1982, Author ={Batini,C. and Lenzerini,M.},
Title ={A Methodology for Data Schema Integration in the Entity Relationship Model},
Journal ={Un. di Roma, Inst.Automatica, R.82-09.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.di Roma, Inst.Automatica An enriched Entity-Relationship Model is chosen. First of all several types of conflicts are checked and solved; secondly, schemata are merged into a draft integrated schema, that is finally enriched and restructured. Category ={DBDmodel.7> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@incollection{Batini1982:1, Author ={Batini,C., Lenzerini,M., and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Methodology and Tools for Data Base},
Booktitle ={Un.Roma, Inst.Automatica, TR-82-07.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDmodel.6, DBfile} }

@article{Batini1983, Author ={Batini,C. and DAtri,A.},
Title ={Relational Database Design Using Refinement Rules},
Journal ={RAIRO Inf.Theor., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8407-0581.},
Year =1983, Pages ="97--119",
Volume ="17",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy application of hypergraphs and hypergraph grammers, grammers that generate tree hypergraphs corresponding to Boyce-Codd normal. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDschema> } }

@article{Batini1984, Author ={Batini,C. and DiLeva,A.},
Title ={A Methodology for Conceptual Design of Office Data Bases},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , -4, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8605-??.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="251--263",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy only addresses the static portion of the conceptual design phase. Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@techreport{Batini1983:1, Author ={Batini,C., Lenzerini,M., and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Views Integration},
Institution ={'Methodology and Tools for Database Design', Ceri(ed.) N-H.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDmodel.6>} }

@techreport{Batini1983:2, Author ={Batini,C., Talamo,M., and Tamassia,R.},
Title ={An Algorithm for Computer Aided Layout of Conceptual Diagrams},
Institution ={Un.Roma, Inst.Automatica, TR-83-08.},
Year =1983, Month Mar,
Annote ={ An algorithm for computer aided layout in the conceptual design of data bases. Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@techreport{Batini1984:1, Author ={Batini,C., Nardelli,E., and Tamassia,R.},
Title ={A Layout Algorithm for Data Flow Diagrams},
Institution ={Un.Roma, Dep.Informatica, TR-11-84.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={flowcharting Category ={DBFtrans>} }

@article{Batini1984:2, Author ={Batini,C., DeAntonellis,V., and DiLeva,A.},
Title ={Database Design Activities within the DATAID Project},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="16--21",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Batini1986, Author ={Batini,C., Lenzerini,M., and Navathe,S.B.},
Title ={A Comparative Analysis of Methodologies for Database Schema Integration},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys.},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Pages ="323--364",
Volume ="18",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Roma, (Italy) Comparisons of 12 established schema integration methodologies. Examples include relational, structural, extended E-R model. Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Batini1988, Author ={Batini,C. and DiBattista,G.},
Title ={A Methodology for Conceptual Documentation and Maintenance},
Booktitle ={Inf.Syst..},
Year =1988, Pages ="297--318",
Volume ="13",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@book{Batini1989, Author ={Batini,C.(ed)},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Approach: A Bridge to the User},
Publisher ={N-H, 526pp.},
Year =1989, Annote ={Proc. ER Conf. 7, (Rome Italy, Nov.1988). Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@book{Batini1990, Author ={Batini,C., Ceri,S., and Navathe,S.B.},
Title ={Database Design: An Entity Relationship Approach},
Publisher ={Benjamin/Cummings Publishers, 512pp.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ large, realistic case study throughout the book; a chapter on database design tools by David Reiner Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@article{Batory1979, Author ={Batory,Don S.},
Title ={On Searching Transposed Files},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Dec,
Pages ="531--544",
Volume ="4",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Toronto (Canada) Analytic cost expresions for processing conjunctive, disjunctive, minimizing query processing costs is presented. Category ={DBFtrees.1.4> } }

@article{Batory1980, Author ={Batory,D.S.},
Title ={Optimal File Designs and Reorganization Points},
Journal ={Un.Toronto, TR-CSRG-110.},
Year =1980, Annote ={ Applications of the model to hash-based and indexed-sequential files reveal important relationships between initial loading factors and reorganization frequency. Category ={DBFindex> DBFhash> DBFmethods.4.3> DBFstorage-1, DBfile } }

@article{Batory1982, Author ={Batory,D.S. and Gotlieb,C.C.},
Title ={A Unifying Model of Physical Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Pages ="509--539",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Annote ={comments in ACM TODS, Vol.10 No.2, pp.285--287. Category ={DBDmodel.0> } }

@article{Batory1985, Author ={Batory,D.S. and Kim,W.},
Title ={Modeling Concepts for VLSI CAD Objects},
Journal ={ACM-SIGMOD .},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDobject> DBDmodel.0> EIS, DBfile} }

@techreport{Batory1985:1, Author ={Batory,D.S. and Kim,W.},
Title ={Support for Versions of VLSI CAD Objects},
Institution ={Un.Texas, Austin, TR-85-18.},
Year =1985, Month =Sep,
Annote ={versions. Category ={DBDobject> EIS, KHall} }

@article{Batory1985:2, Author ={Batory,D.S.},
Title ={Modeling the Storage Architectures of Commercial Database Systems},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Pages ="463--528",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ considers ADABAS, INQUIRE, SYSTEM2000 in depth. Classification of linksets. modeling storage methods of Inquire, ADABAS, and System 2000. Category ={DBDbound> DBFarch> DBFtree> } }

@techreport{Batory1986, Author ={Batory,D.S., Barnett,J.R., Garza,J.F., Smith,K.P., Tsukuda,K., Twichell,B.C., and Wise,T.E.},
Title ={GENESIS: A Reconfigurable Database Management System},
Institution ={Un.Texas, TR-86-07.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Texas, Austin, DCS Category ={DBDimpl, DBfile} }

@article{Batory1986:1, Author ={Batory,D.S.},
Title ={Extensible Cost Models and Query Optimization in GENESIS},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1986, Pages ="206--212",
Volume ="5",
Annote ={ extensible database system that is a realization of a theory of DBMS implementation; the DBMSs can be synthesized from primitive prewritten modules that have standardized interfaces Category ={DBDimpl> } }

@article{Batory1986:2, Author ={Batory,D.S., Leung,T.Y., and Wise,T.E.},
Title ={Implementation Concepts for an Extensive Data Model and Data Language},
Journal ={Un.Texas, TR-86-24.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Texas, Austin, DCS The semantic interface of GENESIS. Queries of both 1NF and nested 1NF relations. Illustrates a functional data model of GENESIS. Defines GDM, the data model, and GDL, the data language. GDM productions are stream rewrite rules and GDM computations are expressed as streams of tokens. Promotes extensibility. To build a non-1NF query processor is an example. ---Holmes. Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@article{Batory1987, Author ={Batory,Don S.},
Title ={Principles of Database Management System Extensibility},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="100--106",
Volume ="6",
Category ={DBDimplement>} }

@techreport{Batory1988, Author ={Batory,Don.S.},
Title ={Concepts for a Database System Compiler},
Institution ={Un.Texas, TR-88-01.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Un.Texas, Austin, DCS Category ={DBDimpl, DBfile} }

@article{Batory1990, Author ={Batory,D.S., Barnett,J.R., Garza,J.F., Smith,K.P., Tsukuda,K., Twichell,B.C., and Wise,T.E.},
Title ={GENESIS: An Extensible Database Management System},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDdesign> Components in GENESIS can be written in a few months. An architecture specification of the DBMS and reconfiguring takes a few hours. Modularity Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@article{Batory1989, Author ={Batory,D.S.},
Title ={On the Reusability of Query Optimization Algorithms},
Journal ={Information Systems,2,3.},
Year =1989, Volume ="49",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Batra1990, Author ={Batra,D., Hoffer,J.A., and Bostrom,R.P.},
Title ={Comparing Representations with Relational and EER Models},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 9012-0979.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Pages ="126--139",
Volume ="33",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Florida Intern.Un. a usability study which compares the relational and the extended entity relationship, semantic model, pretty obvious result. overwhelming evidence is in favor of the graphic E-R model for correctness Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Batra1992, Author ={Batra,R., Georgakopoulos,D., and Rusinkiewicz,M.},
Title ={A Decentralized Deadlock-free Concurrency Control Method for Multidatabase Transactions},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of 12th International Conference on Distributed Computing Systems, Yokohama, Japan, June.},
Year =1992, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Batteke1974, Author ={Batteke,J.P.H., Heaps,D.M., and Mercier,M.A.},
Title ={Canadian Water Resources Information -- A Network Approach},
Journal ={Information Storage and Retrieval, Nos.3-4.},
Year =1974, Month Mar,
Pages ="85--99",
Volume ="10",
Category ={DBDintro.8> DBFuse-2>} }

@techreport{Baudet1973, Author ={Baudet,G.},
Title ={Etude du comportement d'un tambour soumis a des demandes de transfert groupees},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique TR , (Le Chesnay, France)},
Year =1973, Number ="30",
Category ={DBFtechn.3>} }

@techreport{Baudinet1988, Author ={Baudinet,Marianne},
Title ={On the Semantics of Temporal Logic Programming (Preliminary Report)},
Institution ={Stanford Un., TR-CS-88-1203.},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Baudinet1991, Author ={Baudinet,M., Niezette,M. and Wolper,P.},
Title ={On the Representation of Infinite Temporal Data and Queries},
Booktitle ={ACM-PODS 91, Denver CO.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@techreport{Bauerle1988, Author ={Bauerle,Rainer},
Title ={Ereignisse und Reprasentationen},
Institution ={IBM Deutschland GmbH, LILOG TR-43.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul, Annote ={at Un.Tubingen, FRG Event representation, temporal. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Baughman1987, Author ={Baughman,David},
Title ={The Tortuous Route to High-Volume Production of a Hard-Disk Controller},
Journal ={VLSI Syst.Design.},
Year =1987, Month =Jan,
Pages ="22--24",
Annote ={at Konan Corp (Tempe AZ) Incorporate cache and compression. Category ={DBFrepresent> DBFarchitecture> } }

@inproceedings{Baugsto1989, Author ={Baugsto,B.A.W. and Greipsland,J.F.},
Title ={Parallel Sorting Methods for Large Data Volumes on a Hypercube Database Computer},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.Trondheim, Norway Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Baum1965, Author ={Baum,C. and Gorsuch,L.(eds)},
Title ={Proc.of the Second Symposium on Computer Centered Data Base System},
Booktitle ={SDC Memo TM2624160,},
Year =1965, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at SDC Survey of early data base and file systems. Category ={DBFintro> DBDintro> } }

@article{Baum1976, Author ={Baum,R.I. and Hsiao,D.K.},
Title ={Data Base Computers--A Step towards Data Utilities},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-25 .},
Year =1976, Month =Dec,
Number ="12",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{BauzerMedeiros1992, Author ={BauzerMedeiros,C. and Andreade,M.},
Title ={Implementing Integrity Control in Active Databases },
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Brazil Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Bayard1971, Author ={Bayard, Browne, Gross, and Hainey},
Title ={Treet},
Booktitle ={Proc.2nd Symp.on Symbolic and Algebraic Manipulation, pp.261.},
Year =1971, Month Mar,
Annote ={System description Category ={DBFhybrid>} }

@inproceedings{Bayer1971, Author ={Bayer,R.},
Title ={Binary BTrees for Virtual Memory},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed).},
Year =1971, Pages ="219--235",
Category ={DBFseq>} }

@article{Bayer1970, Author ={Bayer,R. and McCreight,E.M.},
Title ={Organization and Maintenance of Large Ordered Indexes},
Journal ={ACM SIGFIDET .},
Year =1970, Pages ="107--141",
Annote ={at Purdue Un.; IBM, Palo Alto, Res.Ctr Algorithms and performance analysis for tree structured files, Btrees. Category ={DBFindex.4> DBFimpl.3, DBfile %Bayer72O } }

@article{Bayer1972, Author ={Bayer,R.},
Title ={Symetric Binary Btrees: Data Structure and Maintenance Algorithms},
Journal ={Acta Informatica, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) Verlag .},
Year =1972, Month =Nov,
Pages ="290--306",
Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Algorithms and performance analysis for indexes, including splitting. Category ={DBFindex.4> DBFimpl> DBDintegrity> %Bayer72S } }

@inproceedings{Bayer1974, Author ={Bayer,Rudolf},
Title ={Storage Characteristics and Methods for Searching and Addressing},
Booktitle ={IFIP74 Proceedings.},
Year =1974, Annote ={Hashing versus trees. Category ={DBFhybrid, DBfile} }

@article{Bayer1975, Author ={Bayer,R. and Metzger,J.K.},
Title ={On the Encipherment of Search Trees and Random Access Files},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed), (abstract)},
Year =1975, Pages ="508--510",
Annote ={at TU Munchen, Inst.Informatik (FRG) trees versus hashing as his 1974 IFIP paper? Category ={DBFseq> DBFstorage.7> DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Bayer1976, Author ={Bayer,R. and Schkolnick,M.},
Title ={Concurrency of Operations on Btrees},
Journal ={IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab, Res.R.RJ 1791,},
Year =1976, Month =May,
Category ={DBFindex> DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Bayer1976:1, Author ={Bayer,R. and Unterauer,K.},
Title ={Prefix Btrees},
Journal ={IBM Yorktwon, T.R.RJ1796.},
Year =1976, Month =Jun,
Annote ={Index Btree structures can easily be compressed. Category ={DBFindex.4> DBDintegrity> DBFstorage.3, DBfile } }

@book{Bayer1978, Author ={Bayer,R., Graham,R.M., and Seegm\"uller,G.(eds)},
Title ={Operating Systems, an Advanced Course},
Publisher ={LNCS, Goos and Hartmanis(eds), Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 593pp.},
Year =1978, Volume ="60",
Category ={DBFintro.7> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Bayer1980, Author ={Bayer,R., Elhardt,K., Heller,H., and Reiser,A.},
Title ={Distributed Concurrency Control in Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="275--284",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.1>} }

@article{Bayer1984, Author ={Bayer,R., Elhardt,K., Kiessling,W., and Killar,D.},
Title ={Verteilte Datenbanksysteme, Eine Uebersicht ueber den heutigen Entwicklungsstand},
Journal ={Informatik-Spektrum.},
Year =1984, Month =Feb,
Pages ="1--19",
Volume ="7",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at TU Munich, FRG In German, Distributed Database Systems, an Overview of the State-of-the-Art. Extensive bibliography. Category ={DBDdist, x-issue } }

@article{Bayer1986, Author ={Bayer,Rudolf},
Title ={Consistency of Transactions and Random Batch},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Pages ="397-404",
Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at TU Munchen Category ={DBDtrans>} }

@techreport{Bayer1984:1, Author ={Bayer,R.},
Title ={Query Evaluation and Recursion in Deductive Database Systems},
Institution ={TUM report .},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ intension and recursion over extension. Insert propagation and its parallel execution. Reference to Paige. Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.3, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bayer1986:1, Author ={Bayer,R., Guntzer,U., and Kiessling,W.},
Title ={On the Evaluation of Recursion in Deductive DB SYstems by Efficient Differential Fixpoint Iteration},
Booktitle ={TUM, TR.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at TU Munich Looks like someone has discovered that you can `differentiate' relational algebra expressions. ---jeff Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@article{Bayes1969, Author ={Bayes,A.J.},
Title ={Retrieval Times for a Packed Direct Access Inverted File},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1969, Month =Oct,
Volume ="12",
Number ="10",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@article{Bays1973, Author ={Bays,Carter},
Title ={The Reallocation of Hash-Coded Tables},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1973, Month =Jan,
Pages ="11--14",
Volume ="16",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Algorithm to handle increase or decrease within a direct access table containing entries. Category ={DBFhybrid.4> DBFhash.5> } }

@article{Bays1973:1, Author ={Bays,C.},
Title ={Some Techniques for Structuring Chained Hash Tables},
Journal ={Computer J.,},
Year =1973, Month =May,
Pages ="126--131",
Volume ="16",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{Beaman1979, Author ={Beaman,P.D., Justice,N.S., Blank,M.S., Villee,C.A., and Barnett,G.O.},
Title ={A High Level Mumps Query Language},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the MUMPS Users' Group Meeting.},
Year =1979, Pages ="9--23",
Annote ={at Massachusetts General Hospital (Boston) MUMPS Query Language (MQL) for expressing information, MUMPS databases, and especially the COSTAR 5 database. Queries involving temporal relationships between events can be expressed. Category ={DBFtrees.5, DBfile } }

@article{Beam1989, Author ={Beam,P.D. and Althouse,J.J.},
Title ={Distributed MUMPS Databases},
Journal ={MUG Quarterly, Fall ,},
Year =1989, Pages ="31--34",
Volume ="19",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Datatree,Inc., Waltham, MA DT Network performs multiple database operations per request message, caches data locally, and correctly synchronizes distributed database operations. Category ={DBFdist> } }

@techreport{Bean1968, Author ={Bean,J.W., Kidd,S.W., Sadowsky,G. and Sharp,B.D.},
Title ={The BEAST: A User Oriented Procedural Language for Social Science Research},
Institution ={Report of the Brookings Inst., 13 .},
Year =1968, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at The Brookings Inst. (Washington DC) A report on a data base language facility Category ={DBDschema> DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Beck1989, Author ={Beck,H.W., Gala,S.K., and Navathe,S.B.},
Title ={Classification as a Query Processing Technique in the CANDIDE Semantic Data Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Beck1980, Author ={Beck,L.L.},
Title ={A Security Mechanism for Statistical Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month =Sep,
Pages ="316--338",
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ at Un.Florida; General Research Corp; Georgia Institute of Technology Category ={DBDkb> at Southern Methodist Un. A general model of user inference is proposed; two special cases contain previously published strategies for compromising a statistical database. Category ={DBDprivacy.3> DBDprivacy-10> } }

@article{Beck1988, Author ={Beck,M., Bitton,D., and Wilkinson, W.K.},
Title ={Sorting Large Files on a Backend Multiprocessor},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul, Pages ="769--778",
Volume ="37",
Number ="7",
Annote ={several architectures. Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Becker1991, Author ={Becker,B., Six,H., and Widmayer,P.},
Title ={Spatial Priority Search: An Access Technique for Scaleless Maps},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Freiburg Category ={DBDimage> DBDindex>} }

@book{Becker1963, Author ={Becker,J. and Hayes,R.M.},
Title ={Information Storage and Retrieval},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY).},
Year =1963, Pages ="359--397",
Annote ={at UCLA Theories of File organization design Category ={DBFseq, 029. 5B29. 5> } }

@article{Becker1992, Author ={Becker,L. and Guting,R.H.},
Title ={Rule Based Optimization and Query Processing in an Extensible Geometric Database System},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Volume ="17",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDquery> IMAGE>} }

@inproceedings{Becker1993, Author ={Becker,L., Hinrichs,K., and Finke,U.},
Title ={A New Algorithm for Computing Joins with Grid Files},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Westfaelische Wilhelms Un. Category ={DBDschema} }

@techreport{Becker1986, Author ={Becker,S. and Selman,B.},
Title ={An Overview of Knowledge Acquisition Methods for Expert Systems},
Institution ={CSRI-184.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.Toronto, CSRI Category ={DBDkb, DBFile} }

@inproceedings{Beckmann1990, Author ={Beckmann,N., Kriegel,H.-P., Schneider,R., and Seeger,B.},
Title ={The R-tree: An Efficient and Robust Access Method for Points and Rectangles},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un. Bremen Reorganization in a complex tree; spatial access Category ={DBFindex> DBDhybrid> IMAGE> } }

@inproceedings{Beckstein1987, Author ={Beckstein,C., Goerz,G., and Tielemann,M.},
Title ={FORK: a System for Object-and Rule-Oriented Programming},
Booktitle ={Berichte des German Chapter of the ACM, vol.28, B.G.Teubner (Stuttgart) .},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Un.Erlangen-Nuernberg portable extension of Flavors, with class-owned variables, types, structural connections, set variables, alternate ways to control inheritance, views (perspectives). Further work on truth-maintenance and temporal forms. Category ={DBDobject> VOD, DBfile Goerz, passed to Chaudhuri } }

@incollection{Bedell1989, Author ={Bedell,J.R. and Maryanski,F.J.},
Title ={Extensible Semantic Automata for Modular Design Systems},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC 2-6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="43--56",
Annote ={at Un.Connecticut, CS and Eng.Dep., (Storrs CT) Binnacle provides semantic support for CAD hierarchies, with nests, reference and association. Extendability by arrays and predicates support for presentation interfaces. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDimage> } }

@techreport{Beech1983, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={Introducing the Integrated Data Model},
Institution ={Comp. Res.Ctr, HP Labs., (Palo Alto).},
Year =1983, Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile} }

@techreport{Beech1983:1, Author ={Beech,D. and Feldman,J.S.},
Title ={The Integrated Data Model --- A Database Perspective},
Institution ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 9, Florence.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDtheory.2> DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Beech1984, Author ={Beech,D., Derrett,N., Shepherd,A., and Wilson,T.},
Title ={Overview of the IRIS Information Model},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at HP, Labs Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Beech1985, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={Using a Command Language Reference Model in the Design of a Voice Mail Interface},
Institution ={Tech.note prepared for IFIP W.G.2.7.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul, Category ={DBDdesign> DBDlang>} }

@techreport{Beech1986, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={An Introduction to Iris and OSQL},
Institution ={STL-TM-86-11 .},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBFile} }

@incollection{Beech1987, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={Groundwork for an Object Database Model},
Booktitle ={'Research Directions in Object-Oriented Programming', P.Wegner(author) and B.Schriver(ed), Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT Press, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8811-0875.},
Year =1987, Pages ="317--354",
Annote ={ Defines a formal model with data type constructors, sets, lists, and other goodies. -----jeff. The model can handle ordinary relations, but semantic content can be incorporated. Traditional on shared access persistence. ---Colijn. Category ={DBDobject> DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Beech1988, Author ={Beech,D. and Mahbod,B.},
Title ={Generalized Version Control in an Object-Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beech1988:1, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={Intensional Concepts in an Object Database Model},
Booktitle ={Proc. Conf. on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications , San Diego.},
Year =1988, Pages ="164--175",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beech1993, Author ={Beech,David},
Title ={Collections of Objects in SQL3},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1977, Author ={Beeri,C., Fagin,R., and Howard,J.H},
Title ={A Complete Axiomatization of Functional and Multivalued Dependencies in Database Relations},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 77, Smith(ed) (Toronto Canada).},
Year =1977, Pages ="47--61",
Annote ={at Princeton Un. Category ={DBDtheory.1>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1978, Author ={Beeri,C., Bernstein,P., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={A Sophisticate's Introduction to Database Normalization Theory},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds), Berlin.},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Pages ="113--124",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Beeri1979, Author ={Beeri,C., and Bernstein,P.A.,},
Title ={Some Computational Problems Related to the the Design of Normal Form Schemata},
Journal ={errata in ACM Transactions on Database Systems , pp.396.},
Year =1979, Month =Sep,
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@article{Beeri1980, Author ={Beeri,Catriel},
Title ={On the Membership Problem for Functional and Multivalued Dependencies in Relational Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month =Sep,
Pages ="241--259",
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ The problem of whether a given dependency in a database relation can be derived from a given set of dependencies is investigated. We show that the problem can be decided in polynomial time when the given set consists of either multivalued dependencies only or of both functional a functional or a multivalued dependency. These results hold when the derivations are restricted not to use the complementation rule. Category ={DBDtheory.2> } }

@techreport{Beeri1981, Author ={Beeri,C. and Korth,H.K.},
Title ={Compatible Attributes in a Universal Relation},
Institution ={IBM, TR.RC 8968 (39325).},
Year =1981, Month Apr,
Annote ={ A tree structure is defined to describe the compatibility. Applied to QUEL. Category ={DBDmodel, DBFile } }

@article{Beeri1981:1, Author ={Beeri,C, Mendelzon,A.O., Sagiv,Y., and Ullman,J.D.},
Title ={Equivalence of Relational Database Schemes},
Journal ={SIAM J.Comput.},
Year =1981, Month =May,
Pages ="352--370",
Annote ={at Hebrew Un., Jerusalem reduced to equivalence of fixed-point join-project mappings, that satisfy given dependencies. Polynomial algorithms to test without dependencies, and to test of if a mapping with dependencies preserves functional dependencies. Irreducible update sets. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDtheory, DBfile } }

@techreport{Beeri1983, Author ={Beeri,C. and Vardi,M.},
Title ={On Acyclic Database Decompositions},
Institution ={Stanford report STAN-CS-83-976.},
Year =1983, Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBDmodel.3, DBfile} }

@article{Beeri1983:1, Author ={Beeri,C., Bernstein,P.A, Goodman,N., Lai,M.Y., and Shasha,D.E.},
Title ={A Concurrency Control theory for Nested Transaction},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing 2, SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp..},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDmodel.3, DBfile} }

@article{Beeri1984, Author ={Beeri,C. and Vardi,M.},
Title ={A Proof Procedure for Data Dependencies},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="718--741",
Volume ="31",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDmodel.1>} }

@article{Beeri1986, Author ={Beeri,C. and Kifer,M.},
Title ={An Integrated Approach to Logical Design of Relational Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Pages ="134--158",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel.1>} }

@techreport{Beeri1986:1, Author ={Beeri,C., Bernstein,P.A., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={A Model for Concurrency in Nested Transaction Systems},
Institution ={Wang Inst, TR-86-03.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Hebrew Un. (Jerusalem, Israel) Category ={DBDintegrity, DBfile } }

@article{Beeri1986:2, Author ={Beeri,C. and Kifer,M.},
Title ={Elimination of Intersection Anomalies from Database Schemes},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1986, Month =Jul, Pages ="423--451",
Volume ="33",
Number ="3",
Annote ={remove cyclic dependencies. Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1987, Author ={Beeri,C., Naqvi,S., Ramakrishnan,R., Shmueli,O., and Tsur,S.},
Title ={Sets and Negation in a Logic Database Language (LDL1)},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Hebrew Un.; MCC The title says it all. LDL is MCC's NAIL!, and LDL1 is a proposed extension to allow set operations and negation. Category ={DBDkb> DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Beeri1986:3, Author ={Beeri,C., Kanellakis,P., Bancilhon,F., and Ramakrishnan,R.},
Title ={Bounds on the Propagation of Selection into Logic Programs},
Booktitle ={Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam), now CMCSC report.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ This gives the proof of the result about simple-chain logic programs being equivalent to a monadic recursion (= only one argument on recursive predicates) iff the underlying CFG is regular. I always knew language theory would come to some use! ---- jeff In general [Ahad,Yao,Choi87] L.n cannot become nL.1. Category ={DBDlogic> DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Beeri1987:1, Author ={Beeri,C. and Ramakrishnan,R.},
Title ={On the Power of Magic},
Booktitle ={Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam), now CMCSC, Res.R. DB-061-86, rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Hebrew Un. (Jerusalem, Israel); Un.Texas This is the paper that generalizes and synthesizes all the algorithms for `sideways information passing': magic sets, Rohmer's and Van Gelder's algorithms, etc. Everyone ought to see this. ---jeff I3 Category ={DBDlogic> DBDtheory> } }

@article{Beeri1987:2, Author ={Beeri,C. and Kifer,M.},
Title ={A Theory of Intersection Anomalies in Relational Database Schemes},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8807-0536.},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Pages ="544--577",
Volume ="34",
Number ="3",
Annote ={see JACM, Vol.33 No.3, Jul.1986. Intersection anomalies due to multivalued dependencies, that need to be removed from real-world databases to make them acyclic. Transformation algorithm. ---Tufts. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel> DBDtheory> } }

@book{Beeri1988, Author ={Beeri,C., Schmidt,J.W., and Dayal,U.(eds)},
Title ={Third International Conference on Data and Knowledge Bases},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufmann, 422pp.},
Year =1988, Annote ={at The Hebrew Un. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Beeri1989, Author ={Beeri,C., Bernstein,P.A., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={A Model for Concurrency in Nested Transactions Systems},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Volume ="36",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at The Hebrew Un. A serializability theory for nested transactions and for multi-level database systems. Category ={DBFtrans> DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{Beeri1989:1, Author ={Beeri,C.},
Title ={Formal Models for Object Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1991, Author ={Beeri,C. and Milo,T.},
Title ={Subtyping in OODB's},
Booktitle ={ACM-PODS 91, Denver CO.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Beeri1991:1, Author ={Beeri,Catriel},
Title ={Theoretical Foundations for OODB's - a Personal Perspective},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1991:2, Author ={Beeri,C. and Milo,T.},
Title ={A Model for Active Object Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1992, Author ={Beeri,C. and Milo,T.},
Title ={Functional and Predicative Programming in OODB's},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1992:1, Author ={Beeri,C., Srivastava,D., Ramakrishnan,R., and Sudarshan,S.},
Title ={The Valid Model Semantics for Logic Programs},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Beeri1993, Author ={Beeri,C. and Milo,T.},
Title ={On the Power of algebras with Recursion},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@article{Beetem1982, Author ={Beetem,A., Milton,J. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Performance of Database Management Systems in VLSI Design},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="149--154",
Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={EIS>} }

@techreport{Beetem1985, Author ={Beetem,A., Beetem,J., and Nigam,A.},
Title ={HDMS: A Hierarchical VLSI Design Data Management System},
Institution ={IBM TJWRC, TR-RC-11417.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={Hierarchical Design. Category ={EIS, KHall} }

@article{Beetem1989, Author ={Beetem,A. and Beetem,J.},
Title ={Introduction to the Galaxy Language},
Journal ={IEEE ?.},
Year =1989, Annote ={ language for digital hardware design; overloading, exceptions Category ={DBDlang> EIS, DBfile } }

@techreport{Beetem1981, Author ={Beetem,John F.},
Title ={Structured Design of Electronic Systems Using Isomorphic Multiple Representations},
Institution ={Stanford Un., Management Science, Journal of TIMS Thesis.},
Year =1981, Annote ={Isomorphic representations. Category ={EIS, KHall} }

@article{Beggs1973, Author ={Beggs,S., Nick,W.V., Chase,R.C., Keller,M.D., and Vallbona,C.},
Title ={Individual Privacy Considerations for Computerized Health Information Systems},
Journal ={Medical Care ( or 1974).},
Year =1973, Annote ={at Texas Medical Ctr (Houston) Category ={DBDprivacy>} }

@inproceedings{Behymer1974, Author ={Behymer,J.A., Ogilive,R.A., and Merten,A.G.},
Title ={Analysis of Indexed Sequential and Direct Access File Organizations},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Rustin(ed).},
Year =1974, Pages ="389--417",
Category ={DBFindex.3> DBFhash.5, x} } @misc{Beierle1988, Author ={Beierle,C., Dorre,J., Pletat,U., Rollinger,C., Schmitt,P. and Studer,R.},
Title ={The Knowledge Representation Language LILOG},
Howpublished ={LILOG report 41,},
Year =1988, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ at IBM Deutschland GmbH, WT LILOG, (Stuttgart, FRG) Category ={DBDkb> DBDlang, LILOG } }

@techreport{Beierle1989, Author ={Beierle,C. and Boettcher,S.},
Title ={PROTOS-L: Towards a Knowledge Base Programming Language},
Institution ={IWBS Report 90.},
Year =1989, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at IBM Lilog Category ={DBDkb> DBDprog, LILOGbox} }

@inproceedings{Bein1987, Author ={Bein,J., King,R., and Kamel,N.},
Title ={MOBY: An Architecture for Distributed Expert Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Beitz1970, Author ={Beitz,E.Henry},
Title ={The Interpretation of Structured Stored Data Using Delimiters},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Houston TX,},
Year =1970, Pages ="188--200",
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@inproceedings{Beitz1975, Author ={Beitz,E.Henry},
Title ={Sets as a Model for Data Base Representation: Much Ado About Something},
Booktitle ={ACM Pacific-75 Conf..},
Year =1975, Month Apr,
Pages ="80--84",
Annote ={at Software a.g. (St.Paul MN) Basic concepts of data, attributes, use of a lexicon, by an ADABAS author. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{Beitz1974, Author ={Beitz,E.Henry},
Title ={A Set-Theoretic View of Data Base Representation},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed), pp.477.},
Year =1974, Category ={DBDschema, x3} }

@techreport{Bekkers1984, Author ={Bekkers,Y., Canet,B., Ridoux,O., and Ungaro,L.},
Title ={Specification d'une Machine de Gestion Memoire pour les Interpreteurs des Langages Logique},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR., ; also No.280, Mar.1984.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Number ="283",
Annote ={PROLOG machine Category ={DBFmach, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Belady1992, Author ={ Belady,A. Belady,A.},
Title ={The Interdisciplinary Future: The (Data) Engineering Point of View Is Not Enough},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs Category ={DEng>} }

@techreport{Belady1977, Author ={Belady,L.A. and Merline,P.M.},
Title ={Evolving Parts and Relations --- A Model of System Families},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. No.RC6677.},
Year =1977, Month =Aug,
Annote ={versioning Category ={EIS> DBDprivacy.5>} }

@article{Belik1990, Author ={Belik,Ferenc},
Title ={An Efficient Deadlock Avoidance Technique},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Volume ="39",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Un.Lund, Sweden algorithm for maintaining an acyclic graph acyclic; it uses a path matrix representatin; low cost detection can amortize the cost of other operations in dense systems Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Belford1984, Author ={Belford,G.G., Liu,J.W.S., Cho,D., Cotten,P., England,S., Goldstein,J.D., Hwung,S.C., Kaufman,K.A., Kim,C.K., Leo,J., Manolas,A.P., Moon,A., Smet,A.D., Yan,Y.L, Robinson,G.I., and Lapp,R.I.},
Title ={Design and Implementation of a Prototype Data Traffic Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Illinois; U.S. Army Category ={DBappl>} }

@inproceedings{Belford1986, Author ={Belford,G.G et al},
Title ={Report Generation Facility,A High-Level Interface for Coherent Access to},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Belkis1977, Author ={Belkis,L.K. and Marron,B.},
Title ={Technical Profile of Seven Data Element Dictionary/Directory Systems},
Institution ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). Special Publication 500-3.},
Year =1977, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at NBS (Washington DC.) Category ={DBDschema.1>} }

@unpublished{Bell1986, Author ={Bell,A., Conway,L., et al.},
Title ={Toward a Characterization of Abstraction},
Note ={rcvd , 1981.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Category ={EIS> DBFhard.1.4, KHall} }

@inproceedings{Bell1983, Author ={Bell,A.E.},
Title ={Critical Issues in High Density Magnetic and Optical Storage},
Booktitle ={Optical Data Storage, DiChen(ed), Proc.SPIE.},
Year =1983, Pages ="2-15",
Volume ="382",
Category ={DBFhard.1.2> DBFhard.1.4>} }

@inproceedings{Bell1984, Author ={Bell,A.E.},
Title ={Optical Data Storage --- A Status Report },
Booktitle ={Proc. IEEE Symposium on Mass Storage Systems 6.},
Year =1984, Pages ="93--98",
Category ={DBFhard.1.2>} }

@book{Bell1971, Author ={Bell,C.Gordon and Newell,Allen},
Title ={Computer Structures, Readings and Examples},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY),},
Year =1971, Category ={DBFhard>} }

@techreport{Bell1966, Author ={Bell,C.J.},
Title ={A Relational Model for Information Retrieval and the Processing of Linguistic Data},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. RC1705, Yorktown Heights,},
Year =1966, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@inproceedings{Bell1992, Author ={Bell,C., Nerode,A., Ng,R., and Subrahmanian,V.},
Title ={Implementing Deductive Databases by Linear Programming},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@article{Bell1970, Author ={Bell,James R. and Kaman,Charles H.},
Title ={The Linear Quotient Hash Code},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ..},
Year =1970, Month =Nov,
Pages ="675--677",
Volume ="13",
Number ="11",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@article{Bell1972, Author ={Bell,J.R.},
Title ={The Quadratic Quotient Method - A Hash Code Eliminating Secondary Clustering},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1972, Month =Feb,
Pages ="107--109",
Volume ="13",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@inproceedings{Bell1987, Author ={Bell,D., DeTalens,A., Gianotti,N., Grimson,J., Hutt,A., OSullivan,D., and Turco,G.},
Title ={MULTI-STAR: A Multidatabase System for Health Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Int. Congress on Medical Informatics 7, Rome.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={MIS> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bell1989, Author ={Bell,D., Ling,D., and McClean,S.},
Title ={Pragmatic Estimation of Join Sizes and Attribute Correlations},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDperform>} }

@article{Bell1990, Author ={Bell,D., Shao,J., and Hull,M.},
Title ={Integrated deductive database system implementation; a systematic study},
Journal ={Comp.J., ; ACM Computing Reviews 9102-0099.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Volume ="33",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Ulster an abstract model for integrating relational and deductive databases using three coupling levels: logical, functional, and physical; describing both NAIL! and Prolog access methods to INGRES; EDUCE experiment in supporting different coupling strategies Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@incollection{Bell1989:1, Author ={Bell,Jean},
Title ={Research issues for rules management in a heterogeneous database environment},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Colorado School of Mines (Golden, CO) use a database to provide centralized rule management Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bell1992:1, Author ={Bell,J. and Rowe,L.},
Title ={An Exploratory Study of Ad Hoc Query Languages to Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at UCB Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Bell1988, Author ={Bell,R. and StDennis,R.},
Title ={ADT: A Toolkit for Development of Data Base-Centered Applications},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Bell1988:1, Author ={Bell,T.C., Cleary,J.G., and Witten,I.H.},
Title ={Text Compression},
Journal ={Prentice-Hall publishers.},
Year =1988, Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@article{Bell1989:2, Author ={Bell,T., Witten,I., and Cleary,J.G.},
Title ={Modeling for Text Compression},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Volume ="21",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@inproceedings{Bellcastro1988, Author ={Bellcastro,E., et al.},
Title ={DQS -Distributed Query System},
Booktitle ={21st Int. Conf. on Extending Database Technology, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1988, Annote ={at CRAI, Italy Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Bellerby1973, Author ={Bellerby,B.},
Title ={Prism Lags the Data Base Ghost},
Journal ={Computing, 11..},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Pages ="8--9",
Annote ={Special purpose versus generalized system. Category ={DBDintro.0> } }

@inproceedings{Bellew1990, Author ={Bellew,M., Hsu,M-C., and Tam, V-O.},
Title ={Update Propagation in Distributed Memory Hierarchy},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6, LosAngeles CA.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Harvard Un. conservative and aggressive update strategies in a multi-node hierarchical memory system, presented as a single virtual memory. Category ={DBFhard> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@techreport{Bellmass1970, Author ={Bellmass,T. and Elliott,T.},
Title ={Management Informations System, Component No.5},
Institution ={Wellsco Internal report},
Year =1970, Annote ={at Wellsco Data Systems (San Francisco) Category ={DBDadmin> } }

@article{Bellon1981, Author ={Bellon,C., and G.,Saucier,},
Title ={Protection Against External Errors in a Dedicated System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-31 .},
Year =1981, Month Apr,
Pages ="311--317",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ at Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble (France) The inputs can be erroneous and the subsystem must be able to detect erroneous inputs and to recover from them. We study the propagation of errors in the subsystem, i.e., the contamination of the process variables by external errors. A correlated recovery strategy is proposed: implementation of rollback points and variables to be saved. Category ={DBDtrans-3> } }

@incollection{Belousov1986, Author ={Belousov,N.N.},
Title ={The Optimization of Interpretation Algorithms of Directives in Transformers of Data Models},
Booktitle ={Koroleva and Krasoshchekova(eds) `Operations Research Software and Models', Moscow, Nauka.},
Year =1986, Category ={DBDimpl> DBDdesign, FASAC 209c} }

@inproceedings{Beltz1972, Author ={Beltz,G.E.},
Title ={NASDAQ - The Evolution of Automation in OTC Trading},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1972, Pages ="1009--1015",
Volume ="41",
Category ={DBDintro.8>} }

@book{Bely1970, Author ={Bely,N., Siot-Deauville,N. and Borillo,A.},
Title ={Procedures d'Analyse Semantique Appliquees a la Documentation Scientifique},
Publisher ={Gauthier-Villars, Paris.},
Year =1970, Category ={DBFintro>} }

@inproceedings{Belz1990, Author ={Belz,F. and Luckham,D.},
Title ={A New Approach to Prototyping Ada-Based Hardware/Software Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM Tri-Ada conference, Baltimore.},
Year =1990, Month =Dec,
Category ={DEng> Currently, prototyping is not a single technique, but rather a collection of widely diverse activities, with highly fragmented support technology. TRW and Stanford have recently collaborated to develop an approach for reducing this fragmentation in the future. This approach focusses on supporting the development of large distributed systems in a variety of modern implementation languages, including Ada, and C++. It is based upon the design of a prototyping language and system which we are tentatively calling \it \bf Reality. The Reality language is a departure from 'normal' programming languages, but bears similarities in form and concepts to standard languages Ada and VHDL. Category ={DENG> } }

@inproceedings{Benecke1990, Author ={Benecke,K.},
Title ={A powerful tool for objectoriented manipulation},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={stroke operator provides renesting of objects} }

@inproceedings{Beneventano1992, Author ={Beneventano,D. and Bergamaschi,S.},
Title ={Subsumption for Complex Object Data Models},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at CIOC-CNR, Bologna, Italy Category ={DBDtheory> Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Benjamin1986, Author ={Benjamin,A. and Lew,K.},
Title ={A Visual Tool for Managing Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDrel> DBDnewDBMS>} }

@article{Benjamin1972, Author ={Benjamin,R.L.},
Title ={A General Perspective of Information Systems Development},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1972, Month =Jul,
Pages ="640--643",
Volume ="15",
Number ="7",
Category ={DBFintro.5>} }

@book{Benci1975, Author ={Benci,E., et al.(eds)},
Title ={Data Structures Models for Information Systems},
Publisher ={Presses Universitaires de Namur, 250pp.},
Year =1975, Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Benci1976, Author ={Benci,E., Cabanes,A., Bodart,F., and Bogaert,H.},
Title ={Concepts for the Design of a Conceptual Schema},
Booktitle ={Modelling in Data Base Management Systems, Nijssen(ed), N-H .},
Year =1976, Pages ="181--200",
Category ={DBDmodel.1>} }

@techreport{Benn1989, Author ={Benn,W., et al.},
Title ={STRETCH -- Extensible KBMS for Knowledge Based Applications},
Institution ={Fern Un., Informatik Berichte, ESPRIT Project 2443.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Hagen Un., Praktische Informatik, FRG Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Schlageter } }

@inproceedings{Benn1991, Author ={Benn,Wolfgang},
Title ={KBMS Support for Multiple Paradigm Applications},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Benn1992, Author ={Benn,W., Kortenbreer,C., Schlageter,G., and Wu,X.},
Title ={On Interoperability for KBMS Applications - The Horizontal Integration Task},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Benner1967, Author ={Benner,F.H.},
Title ={On Designing Generalized File Records for Management Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1967, Pages ="291--304",
Volume ="31",
Annote ={at Bell Telephone Co. (PA) Quantitative design of record structure for data base applications. Category ={DBFhybrid> DBFeval> DBFtechn> DBDbound> %Benner67 } }

@article{Bennett1977, Author ={Bennett,B.T. and Franaszek,P.A.},
Title ={Permutation Clustering: An Approach to On-Line Storage Reorganization},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1977, Month =Nov,
Pages ="528--533",
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC (Yorktown Heights) Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Bennett1965, Author ={Bennett,Edward, Haines,Edward C., and Summers,John K.},
Title ={AESOP: A Prototype for On-Line User Control of Organizational Data Storage, Retrieval, and Processing},
Booktitle ={Proc.of FJCC, AFIPS,},
Year =1965, Pages ="435--455",
Volume ="27",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Bennett1982, Author ={Bennett,J.},
Title ={A Database Management System for Design Engineers},
Booktitle ={Proc. Design Automation Conf 19, Las Vegas NE.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="268--273",
Annote ={at Mentor Graphics Corp, (Portland OR) This appears to be more of a requirements note. Little database experience, if any, is conveyed. An implementation is in progress (Sep.1982). Category ={DBappl> EIS> } }

@inproceedings{Bennett1990, Author ={Bennett,J. and Bauer,M.},
Title ={An Analysis of Replication Strategies for X.500-like Distributed Directories},
Booktitle ={Workshop on the Management of Replicated Data, Houston, TX.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un. West Ontario Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Benneworth1981, Author ={Benneworth,R.L., Bishop,C.D., Turnbull,C.J.M., Holman,W.D., and Monette,F.M.},
Title ={The Implementation of GERM, An Entity-Relationship Data Base Management System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Cannes, France.},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="478--485",
Annote ={at Bell-Northern Res. Ltd. (Ottawa, Canada) Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@article{Bentley1989, Author ={Bentley,Bob},
Title ={TPC Benchmark Atm},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at BiiN, (Hillsboro OR) In panel on Database System Performance Metrics. A refinement of the informal DebitCredit transaction. Category ={DBDperf> } }

@article{Bentley1975, Author ={Bentley,J-L. and Burkhard,W.P.},
Title ={Heuristics for Partial Match Retrieval Data Base Design},
Journal ={Information Processing Letters, North-Holland. , ?.},
Year =1975, Category ={DBFindex.4, DBfile} }

@article{Bentley1975:1, Author ={Bentley,J.L.},
Title ={Multidimensional Binary Search Trees Used for Associative Searching},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1975, Month =Sep,
Pages ="509--517",
Volume ="18",
Number ="9",
Annote ={K-D trees Category ={DBFimpl.2> DBFtree>} }

@article{Bentley1986, Author ={Bentley,J.L., Sleator,D.D., Tarjan,R.E., and Wei,V.K.},
Title ={A Locally Adaptive Data Compression Scheme},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Pages ="320--330",
Volume ="29",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Exploits locality of reference when words are used frequently over short intervals; is based on a self-organizing search and on variable-length encodings of integers.Its performance is close to that of Huffman coding. Requires only one pass over the data. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@techreport{BenZvi1982, Author ={BenZvi,J.},
Title ={The Time Relational Model},
Institution ={PhD Th., UCLA.},
Year =1982, Annote ={ temporal views enabled by 5 kind of timestamps. Limited algebra. Adds 5 attributes for temporal query conversion. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Berelian1977, Author ={Berelian,E., and Irani,R.},
Title ={Evaluation and Optimization},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 3, Merten(ed), ACM.},
Year =1977, Pages ="545--555",
Category ={DBFuse-3> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Berelian1977:1, Author ={Berelian,E.},
Title ={A Methodology for Database Design in a Paging Environment},
Institution ={PhD Th., Un.Michigan.},
Year =1977, Category ={DBFstorage-2.2>} }

@techreport{Beretvas1982, Author ={Beretvas,T.},
Title ={Page/Swap Configurations},
Institution ={IBM, Poughkeepsie, IS TG, TR. (NY) .},
Year =1982, Annote ={data on skew of access patterns. Category ={DBFeval>} }

@inproceedings{Berg1986, Author ={Berg,David L.},
Title ={On the Application of Data Engineering to the Configuration Management of a Hybrid Simulator},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFmethods.3>} }

@incollection{Berg1974, Author ={Berg,Ivar},
Title ={Information, Management and the Status Quo},
Booktitle ={Data Base Management Systems, Jardine(ed), N-H (SHARE).},
Year =1974, Annote ={at Columbia Un. Some organizational and social implications of database management systems. 'Natural' systems may be thwarted to the detriment or benefit of the organization. Category ={DBDadmin, x> } }

@techreport{Berg1976, Author ={Berg,J.L.(ed)},
Title ={Database Directions, the Next Steps},
Institution ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). , Special Publication; 451, 176pp.},
Year =1976, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ This report constitutes the results of a workshop sponsored jointly by the NBS and the ACM. The purpose of the workshop was to bring together leading users, managers, designers and researchers in the area of database technology to provide insight for managers facing database management decisions. The five subject areas covered were: 1) auditing; 2) evolving technology; 3) government regulations; 4) standards; 5) user experience. --- Fountain Category ={DBDschema, x 155, Student file (Fountain) } }

@book{Berg1980, Author ={Berg,J.L.(ed)},
Title ={Data Base Directions -- The Conversion Problem},
Publisher ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). Special Publication 500--64,},
Year =1980, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Ctr for Prog. Sc.andTech., NBS Proc.of Workshop at Fort Lauderdale, Nov.1-3, 1977, NBS-ACM. Category ={DBDschema.6.1> DBDadmin.2.2, Ref.shelf } }

@book{Berg1982, Author ={Berg,J.L.(ed)},
Title ={Data Base Directions II: The Conversion Problem},
Publisher ={ACM SIGDB Data Base and ACM-SIGMOD Record.},
Year =1982, Month =Jan,
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDschema.6.1>} }

@inproceedings{Bergamaschi1988, Author ={Bergamaschi,S., Cavedoni,L., Sartori,C., and Tiberio,P.},
Title ={On Taxonomic Reasoning in E/R Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. . 7, Rome.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Bologna, Italy Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Bergamaschi1992, Author ={Bergamaschi,S. and Sartori,C.},
Title ={On Taxonomic Reasoning in Conceptual Design},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Sep,
Volume ="17",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bergquist1986, Author ={Bergquist,J.T.},
Title ={A General Paradigm for Knowledge-Based Systems},
Booktitle ={rcvd. for IFIP TC-2.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ Distinguish static and dynamic knowledge, the later is more like data. A generalization of some rather simple cited experiments. Category ={DBDkb, Hasan } }

@inproceedings{Bergsten1989, Author ={Bergsten,B., Couprie,M., GonzalezRubio,R., Kerherve,B., and Ziane,M.},
Title ={A Parallel Database Accelerator},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Bull, France Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Bergsten1991, Author ={Bergsten,B. Couprie,M., and Valduriez,P.},
Title ={Prototyping DBS3, a Shared-Memory Parallel Database System},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Bergsten1993, Author ={Bergsten,B., Couprie,M., and Lopez,M.},
Title ={DBS3: A Parallel Data Base System for Shared Store (Synopsis)},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Bull Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Berild, Author ={Berild,S. and Nachmens,S.},
Title ={CS4 - A Tool for Database Design by Infological Simulation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems ?},
Category ={DBDadmin.1> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Berkel1988, Author ={Berkel,T., Klahold,P., Schlageter,G., and Wilkes,W.},
Title ={Modelling CAD Objects by Abstraction},
Booktitle ={Intl.Conf.on Data and Knowledge Bases, Jerusalem.2.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.Hagen (FRG) Category ={DBDkb> EIS>} }

@article{Berkovitch1972, Author ={Berkovitch,S.},
Title ={Machine Organization of a Growing Search Tree},
Journal ={Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR.},
Year =1972, Month =Jan,
Pages ="298--299",
Volume ="202",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFseq> DBFtree> DBDintegrity>} }

@techreport{Berkowitz1985, Author ={Berkowitz,Murray},
Title ={WIS Database Interaction Tool},
Institution ={IDA, TR..},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Berkowitz1985:1, Author ={Berkowitz,Murray},
Title ={WIS Data Dictionary/Directory},
Institution ={IDA, TR..},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Annote ={and Sham Navathe. Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Berlandier1988, Author ={Berlandier,Pierre},
Title ={Integration d'Outils pour l'Expression et la Satisfaction de Contraintes dans un Generateur de Systemes Experts},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, Res.R. .},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Number ="924",
Annote ={at INRIA, Sophia Antipolis, France Tool integration for the representation and checking of constraints. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@book{Berlekamp1968, Author ={Berlekamp,E.R.},
Title ={Algebraic Coding Theory},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY),},
Year =1968, Category ={DBDtrans.3>} }

@book{Berlekamp1970, Author ={Berlekamp,E.R.},
Title ={A Survey of Algebraic Coding Theory},
Publisher ={Un.Undine, Dep.Automation and Information, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) 1972, 74pp.},
Year =1970, Annote ={at Bell Telephone Category ={DBFrepresent-3>} }

@inproceedings{Berlekamp1975, Author ={Berlekamp,Elwyn R.},
Title ={Algebraic Codes for Improving the Reliability of Tape Storage},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1975, Pages ="497--500",
Volume ="44",
Annote ={at UCB; Cyclotomics, Inc. Category ={DBFuse-4.1>} }

@article{Berman1974, Author ={Berman,G. and Colijn,A.W.},
Title ={A Modified List Technique Allowing Binary Search},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM,},
Year =1974, Month Apr,
Pages ="227--232",
Volume ="21",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo (Ontario) Binary searching of an index structure Category ={DBFimpl.2> } }

@unpublished{Bernard1990, Author ={Bernard,G. and Steve,D.},
Title ={Handling Distribution in the O2 System: an Experiment with an Object Server Architecture},
Note ={submitted to DS4.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ at Institut National des Telecommunications, France The V1 prototype is distributed according to a workstation-server; executing methods on a server is not easy but some speedup in favorable cases is attained Category ={DBDobject, DBfile } }

@article{Bernstein1969, Author ={Bernstein,A.J. and Shoshani,A.},
Title ={Synchronization in a Parallel Accessed Data Base},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1969, Month =Nov,
Pages ="604--607",
Volume ="12",
Number ="11",
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Bernstein1984, Author ={Bernstein,L.M., Siegel,E.R., and Goldstein,C.M.},
Title ={The HEPATITIS Knowledge Base},
Journal ={Annals of Int.Med., Suppl.Part 2.},
Year =1984, Pages ="183-222",
Volume ="93",
Number ="1",
Annote ={A structured collection of english text. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1975, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Swenson,J.R., and Tsichritzis,D.C.},
Title ={A Unified Approach to Functional Dependencies and Relations},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 75.},
Year =1975, Pages ="237--245",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Bernstein1976, Author ={Bernstein,P.A.},
Title ={Synthesizing Third Normal Form Relations from Functional Dependencies},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1976, Month =Dec,
Pages ="277--298",
Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDtheory> DBDschema.2.8> DBDmodel.3> DBDdist> DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1977, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Rothnie,J.B., Shipman,D.W., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={The SDD-1 Redundant Update Algorithm (The General Case)},
Booktitle ={CCA, TR.CCA-77-91.},
Year =1977, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Bernstein1978, Author ={Bernstein,P., Rothnie,J., Goodman,N., and Papadimitriou,C.},
Title ={The Concurrency Control Mechanism of SDD-1: A System for Distributed Databases (The Fully Redundant Case)},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-4 .},
Year =1978, Month =May,
Pages ="154--168",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.1>} }

@techreport{Bernstein1979, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Chiu,D.W.},
Title ={Using Semi-joines to solve relational queries},
Institution ={Comput. Corp of America, TR.. CCA-79-01.},
Year =1979, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.3> DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Bernstein1979:1, Author ={Bernstein,P., Shipman,D., and Wong,W.},
Title ={Formal aspects of serializability in database concurrency control},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-5 .},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Pages ="203--216",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@book{Bernstein1979:2, Author ={Bernstein,P.A.(ed)},
Title ={Proc.of the ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf.},
Publisher ={ACM NY.},
Year =1979, Annote ={ Proc.of the ACM-SIGMOD 79 Conf. held in Boston MA., May.1979. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@article{Bernstein1979:3, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Casanova,M.A., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Comments on 'Process Synchronization in Database Systems'},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Dec,
Pages ="545--546",
Volume ="4",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Harvard Un. The results of Schlageter are in error Category ={DBDparallel> } }

@techreport{Bernstein1980, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Fundamental Algorithms for Concurrency Control in Distributed Database Systems},
Institution ={CCA, TR.CCA-80-05, 254 pages.},
Year =1980, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at CCA Surveys state-of-the-art. Analysis is a decomposition into two major sub-problems: read-write and write-write synchronization. Performance analysis considers communication overhead, local processing overhead, transaction restarts, and transaction blocking. 10 of the principal control methods are dominant. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.1, DBfile } }

@article{Bernstein1980:1, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Shipman,D.W., and Rothnie,J.B.jr.},
Title ={Concurrency Control in a System for Distributed Databases (SDD-1)},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Pages ="18--51",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist>} }

@article{Bernstein1980:2, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Shipman,D.W.},
Title ={The Correctness of Concurrency Control Mechanisms in a System for Distributed Databases (SDD-1)},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Pages ="52--79",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1980:3, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Blaustein,B.T., and Clarke,E.M.},
Title ={Fast Maintenance of Semantic Integrity Assertions Using Redundant Aggregate Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds).},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="126--136",
Annote ={at Aiken Computation Lab., Harvard Un. An enforcement method that is efficient for a large class of relational calculus assertions. Category ={DBDintegrity.3.2> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1980:4, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Timestamp-based Algorithms for Concurrency Control in Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="285--300",
Annote ={at CCA and Harvard Un. A series of timestamp-based algorithms, synchronization techniques that achieve read-write and/or write-write synchronization. Using this framework we describe 12 principal concurrency control methods leading to more than 50 distinct concurrency control algorithms. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1980:5, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={What Does Boyce-Codd Normal Form Do},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="245--268",
Annote ={ at Aiken Computation Lab, Harvard Un. (Cambridge MA) Category ={DBDmodel.3.8, DBfile } }

@article{Bernstein1980:6, Author ={Bernstein,P. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Concurrency control in distributed database systems},
Journal ={Auerbach Annual , N-H 1981.},
Year =1980, Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDquery.1> DBFseq.1, DBfile} }

@article{Bernstein1981, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Chiu D.W.},
Title ={Using Semi-Joins to Solve Relational Queries},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Volume ="28",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Bernstein1981:1, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Power of Natural Semijoins},
Journal ={SIAM J. of Computing.},
Year =1981, Pages ="751--771",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@techreport{Bernstein1981:2, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Goodman,N., and Lai,M-Y.},
Title ={Laying Phantoms to Rest},
Institution ={Harvard Un., TR-03-81.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDintegrity.1> DBDconc, DBfile} }

@article{Bernstein1981:3, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Goodman,N., Wong,E., Reeve,C.L., and Rothnie,J.B.jr.},
Title ={Query Processing in a System for Distributed Databases (SDD-1)},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Pages ="602--625",
Volume ="6",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Harvard Un.; UCB; MIT; CCA Techniques to optimize relational queries in the SDD-1 distributed database system. First phase executes relational operations at various sites to delimit a subset called a reduction. The second phase transmits the reduction to one designated site. The principal reduction operator, introduced here, is called a semijoin. Category ={DBDdist> DBDquery.2> DBFimpl.2.4> DBDintegrity.1> } }

@article{Bernstein1981:4, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Power of Natural Semijoins},
Journal ={SIAM J.Comput., no.4.},
Year =1981, Pages ="775--771",
Volume ="10",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Bernstein1983, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Multiversion Concurrency Control, Theory and Algorithms},
Institution ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing 1, abstract.},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ Versioning, describes Prime computer method as well. Category ={DBDintegrity, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1982, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={A Sophisticate's Introduction to Distributed Database Concurrency Control},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 8, McLeod and Villasenor(eds), Mexico City.},
Year =1982, Pages ="62--76",
Annote ={at Harvard Un., Aiken Computation Lab Effects replication not directly database, ignores compatibility. Framework, transactions, data models, and schedules. Category ={DBDintegrity.1> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1983:1, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Goodman,N., and Hadzilacos,V.},
Title ={Recovery Algorithms for Database Systems},
Booktitle ={IFIP .},
Year =1983, Annote ={ Nice model. Methods are classified into that Undo/DontRedo (rime), that Redo/DontUndo 8INGRES,SDD-1), and that Redo|Undo (B.Lindsay), that dont Redo|Undo (SystemR). Then 2Phase and 3Phase commit for Distr.DBs. Category ={DBDtrans-3, DBfile } }

@techreport{Bernstein1983:2, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Concurrency Control and Recovery for Replicated Databases},
Institution ={Harvard Un., TR-20-83.},
Year =1983, Annote ={ serializability for Replicated Databases. Shows problems with Eswaran et al, Rosenkrantz et al approaches. A new theory and analysis of quorum consensus (voting), 'missing write' (by Eager and Sevcik), and 'available copies' (SDD-1) algorithms (which are found to be best). Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity> DBDtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1983:3, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={The Failure and Recovery Problem for Replicated Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing.},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ serializability for Replicated Databases. Shows problems with Eswaran et al, Category ={DBDdist, DBfile } }

@article{Bernstein1983:4, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Multiversion Concurrency Control --- Theory and Algorithms},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Pages ="465--483",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDdist>} }

@article{Bernstein1983:5, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Goodman,N., and Lai,M-Y.},
Title ={Analyzing Concurrency Control Algorithms When User and System Operations Differ},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE) Vol.SE-9 .},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="233--239",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Harvard Un., Aiken Computation Lab Reads and Writes are sometimes inaccurate models of the operations executed by a database system. Two new concurrency algorithms. Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDdist> } }

@article{Bernstein1984:1, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={An Algorithm for Concurrency Control and Recovery for Replicated Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="596--615",
Volume ="9",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Wang 3-phase commit. The first and third phases are identical to the two phases of 2-phase commit. There is a `Precommit' phase after the first phase where the knowledge of the coordinator is replicated elsewhere, thus protecting against a crash of the coordinator (which could result in locks being tied up for long periods. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1986, Author ={Bernstein,P.A.},
Title ={Synchronizing Memory in the Sequoia Fault-tolerant Multiprocessor},
Booktitle ={IEEE Data Engineering, Vol. 5.},
Year =1986, Pages ="17--24",
Annote ={ based in presentation at Workshop for High Performance Transaction Systems. Category ={DBFreliab> } }

@book{Bernstein1987, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Hadzilacos,V., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Concurrency Control and Recovery in Database Systems},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 370pp.; ACM CR 8807-0485.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Wang Bibliographic notes and demanding exercises. Excellent glossary and bibliography. Accessible presentations of algorithms and discussions of performance and feasibility. ---Hevner. Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDconc, x } }

@article{Bernstein1987:1, Author ={Bernstein,P.A. and Lomet,D.B.},
Title ={CASE Requirements for Extensible Database Systems},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="62--69",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={at Wang Category ={DEng>} }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1990, Author ={Bernstein,P.A., Hsu,M., and Mann,B.},
Title ={Implementing Recoverable Requests Using Queues },
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={Reinvention of 1970 CICS technology KQML managing the flow of requests is often as important as executing the transactions themselves; fault-tolerant protocols for managing transaction requests between clients and servers require recoverable queuing systems; these queues are often not FIFO The protocol and implementation of a queue mechanism for maintaining the `exactly-once', fault-tolerant execution of request-reply between a client and a server. ---BSLee Category ={DBDtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Bernstein1993, Author ={Bernstein,P., Gyllstrom,P., and Wimberg,T.},
Title ={STDL - A Portable Language for Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDlang>} }

@inproceedings{Berra1974, Author ={Berra,P.Bruce},
Title ={Some Problems in Associative Processor Applications to Data Base Management},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS ,},
Year =1974, Pages ="1--5",
Volume ="43",
Annote ={at Syracuse Un. (Syracuse NY) Review of basic file operations using associative processors. Category ={DBFmach> } }

@inproceedings{Berra1974:1, Author ={Berra,B.},
Title ={Associative Processing in Data Base management},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed).},
Year =1974, Pages ="463--476",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@article{Berra1979, Author ={Berra,P.B. and Oliver,E.},
Title ={The Role of Associative Array Processors in Data Base Machine Architecture},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1979, Month Mar,
Pages ="53--63",
Volume ="12",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@article{Berra1977, Author ={Berra,P.B.},
Title ={Data Base Machines},
Journal ={ACM SIGIR Newsletter, Win. .},
Year =1977, Pages ="4--23",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@book{Berra1984, Author ={Berra,Bruce(ed)},
Title ={Proceedings of the First International Conference on Data Engineering},
Publisher ={IEEE CS, Los Angeles CA.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={DE1 proceedings. Category ={DBFmaint>} }

@article{Berra1988, Author ={Berra,P.B. and Marcinkowski,S.J.},
Title ={Optical Content Addressable Memories for Managing an Index to a Very Large Data/Knowledge Base},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="4-13",
Volume ="11",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Syracuse Un., Dep.EE Category ={DBFhash>} }

@article{Berra1987, Author ={Berra,B. and Troullinos,N.B.},
Title ={Optical Techniques and data/Knowledge Base Machines},
Journal ={IEEE Computer, no.10.},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Pages ="59--70",
Volume ="20",
Annote ={at Syracuse Un. survey of optical storage, communication, and processing. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@inproceedings{Bert1984, Author ={Bert,M., Ciardo,G., Demarie,M.L., Iacobelli,C., and Marrchisio,P.},
Title ={A Relational Interface for CODASYL Databases},
Booktitle ={CELT TR.},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Pages ="431--439",
Volume ="12",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ ORINOCO is a relational interface to non-relational DBMS, using C and QUEL (EQUEL) to IDMS. Presented at May.1984 'Trends and Application Conf.', Gaithersburg. Category ={DBDrel.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bertino1983, Author ={Bertino,Elisa},
Title ={Distributed Database Design using the Entity-Relationship Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .3, Davis et al(eds), ; ACM Computing Reviews 8502-0127.},
Year =1983, Pages ="189--203",
Annote ={at CNR, Pisa Italy inheritance of fragmentation. Category ={DBDintro.1> DBDdist> } }

@article{Bertino1986, Author ={Bertino,E. and Rabitti,F.},
Title ={Query Processing Based on Complex Object Types},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1986, Pages ="198--205",
Volume ="5",
Annote ={document applications Category ={DBFobject> DBDoffice>} }

@article{Bertino1988, Author ={Bertino,E. and Haas.L.M.},
Title ={Views and Security in Distributed Database Management Systems},
Journal ={EDBT},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDdist, DBfile} }

@article{Bertino1988:1, Author ={Bertino,E., Rabbiti,F., and Gibbs,S.},
Title ={Query Processing in a Multimedia Document System},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Office Automation Systems, ; ACM CR 8908-0571.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Volume ="6",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IEI, Pisa; MCC query optimization strategies of the MULTOS project with simulation results; MULTOS uses signature files; active formatted and unformatted data, passive references image, graphic and audio data. ---Eich. Category ={DBDbiblio> } }

@article{Bertino1989, Author ={Bertino,E. and Kim,W.},
Title ={Indexing Techniques for Queries on Nested Objects},
Journal ={Mathematisch Centrum (Amsterdam), now CMCSC, TR-ACT-OODS,132-89.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={ Path indexes for hierarchical objects. Evaluated in single attribute query and update versus nested index, multi index, and intersected indexes. Category ={DBFadvindex, box MCC } }

@incollection{Bertino1989:1, Author ={Bertino,E., Negri,M., Pelagatti,G., and Sbattella,L.},
Title ={An object-oriented approach to the interconnection of heterogeneous databases},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ADTS as mapping representation Category ={DBDlang> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bertino1991, Author ={Bertino,Elisa },
Title ={An Indexing Technique for Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDobject> DBFindex>} }

@inproceedings{Bertino1991:1, Author ={Bertino,E.},
Title ={Integration of Heterogeneous Data Repositories by Using Object-Oriented Views},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bertino1992, Author ={Bertino,E.},
Title ={Data Hiding and Security in Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Universita' di Genova Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Bertino1992:1, Author ={Bertino,E., Damiani,M., and Paganini,A.},
Title ={A View Mechanism for a Knowledge Representation System},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bertino1993, Author ={Bertino,P., Damiani,M., Randi,P., and Spampinato,L.},
Title ={An Advanced Information Management System},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Bertolazzi1983, Author ={Bertolazzi,P., Missikoff,M., and Terranova,M.},
Title ={CID*, A VLSI Device for List Intersection},
Institution ={Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. (Rome, Italy), IASI.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Annote ={at CNR, IASI, (Rome, Italy ) A VLSI device for the intersection of lists in a database machine. A TID list represents in a compact way the intermediate result of a query. DBMAC is a relational database machine where the relations are stored as fully inverted data sets. Elements are continuously rotated past the leaves of a comparison tree and deleted on match. Category ={DBFmach, DBfile } }

@techreport{Bertolazzi1983:1, Author ={Bertolazzi,P., DeStefanis,D., Terranova,M.},
Title ={On optimal file allcation in database machines},
Institution ={Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. (Rome, Italy), IASI, R.70.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBFmach, CSlibr.019803} }

@article{Berul1969, Author ={Berul,Lawrence H.},
Title ={Document Retrieval},
Journal ={Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, ASIS, Cuadra(ed), John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY) .},
Year =1969, Pages ="203--227",
Annote ={A bibliography. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@unpublished{Berzins1983, Author ={Berzins,Valdis},
Title ={Attaining CAD of Software},
Note ={Draft .},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota (Minneapolis MN) Category ={DBDdesign> EIS, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Berzins1984, Author ={Berzins,Valdis},
Title ={Attaining CAD of Software},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1984, Annote ={at Un.Minnesota (Minneapolis MN) Category ={DBDdesign> EIS, DBfile } }

@article{Berzins1986, Author ={Berzins,V, Gray,M., and Naumann,D.},
Title ={Abstraction-based Software Development},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Volume ="29",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBFtrans>} }

@techreport{Berztiss1985, Author ={Berztiss,Alfs},
Title ={A Conceptual Model based on Events and Functions},
Institution ={Syslab TR.35,36 Jul.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Annote ={at SYSLAB Category ={DBDops.4, DBfile Syslab} }

@techreport{Berztiss1987, Author ={Berztiss,Alfs},
Title ={A High level Specification of office Information Systems},
Institution ={SYSLAB Report , rcvd .},
Year =1987, Number ="42",
Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh, DCS; Un.Stockholm, SYSLAB Category ={DBDoffice, DBfile Syslab } }

@techreport{Berztiss1986, Author ={Berztiss,A.T},
Title ={Data Abstraction in the Specification of Information Systems},
Institution ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh, DCS (PA) Four classes of computational activities are identified, namely changes in an information base, look-ups, computation of function values by computation rules, and processes. They require different specification mechanisms. Information changes are specified in terms of events and temporal aspects are taken care of by a fully separate `responder'. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDops> DBDmodel, DBfile Syslab } }

@techreport{Berztiss1987:1, Author ={Berztiss,Alfs},
Title ={Expert Systems and Software Development},
Institution ={SYSLAB Report , rcvd .},
Year =1987, Number ="41",
Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh, DCS; Un.Stockholm, SYSLAB, Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Syslab } }

@article{Berztiss1987:2, Author ={Berztiss,Alfs},
Title ={A Mathematically Focused Curriculum for Computer Science},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="356--366",
Volume ="30",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Level 2: CS3: Data Structures and Algorithms; Level 3: CS6: Computer Systems; CS3 would introduce knowledge representation, semantic nets and frames. in CS6, students would study principles of operating systems and database management systems. These are two large topics, which means that neither could be studied in depth. CS130: Theory of Processes CS160: Artificial Intelligence Category ={DBDpreface> } }

@article{Berztiss1987:3, Author ={Berztiss,Alfs},
Title ={A Taxonomy of Binary Tree Traversals},
Journal ={Tidskrift for Informations Behandeling, Denmark.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh Category ={DBFtree> DBDops, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Berztiss1988, Author ={Berztiss,A.T.},
Title ={On information-control systems, object orientation, and expert systems},
Booktitle ={IFIP TC-2, Canton China.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at USA Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bestavros1991, Author ={Bestavros,A.},
Title ={IDA-based Disk Arrays},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@article{Bever1985, Author ={Bever,M. and Lockemann,P.C.},
Title ={Database Hosting in Strongly-Typed Programming Languages},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 8707-597.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Pages ="107-126",
Volume ="10",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ ADABAS is the experimental target system and the language is LIS. Category ={DBDschema.4> DBDimpl> } }

@inproceedings{Bever1988, Author ={Bever,M. and Ruland,D.},
Title ={Aggregation and Generalization Hierarchies in Office Automation},
Booktitle ={ACM Conf.on Office Information Systems.(>1988?).},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="250-264",
Annote ={at IBM, NC, Heidelberg Category ={DBDmodel> DBDoffice>} }

@techreport{Bever1987, Author ={Bever,M. and Lorie,R.A.},
Title ={An Enhanced Referential Integrity Schema Supporting Complext Objects},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R No.RJ-5585.},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Bezanson1985, Author ={Bezanson,L.W., Fields,L.G., Knight,D.O., Merritt,M.J., Millard,B.R., Miller,D.S., and Rony.P.R.},
Title ={Engineering Support System User Requirement},
Journal ={IEEE Micro.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="36--51",
Volume ="5",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Based on report of the First Engineering Support Workshop, Arizona State Un., Tempe AZ, Apr.1984. Processor-oriented, paragraphs on Database and standards. Category ={EIS> } }

@techreport{Bhalla1987, Author ={Bhalla,S., Prasad,B.E., Gupta,A., and Madnick,S.E.},
Title ={A Technical Comparison of Distributed Heterogeneous Database Management Systems},
Institution ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT, Sloan School of Management, TR.5.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={COSI Category ={DBDdist, DBfile MITbox} }

@techreport{Bhargava1980, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={An Optimistic Concurrency Control Algorithm and its Performance Evaluation Against Locking Algorithms},
Institution ={rcvd .},
Year =1980, Annote ={ Simulation in a Centralized Distributed Database System Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.2, DBfile } }

@incollection{Bhargava1980:1, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Design of Intelligent Query Systems for Large Databases},
Booktitle ={Pictorial Information Systems, Chang and Fu(eds), Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) .},
Year =1980, Pages ="431--445",
Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh Category ={DBDquery.3> Image, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1981, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Lillien,L.},
Title ={Feature Analysis of Selected Database Recovery Techniques},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , Chicago IL, 1981.},
Year =1981, Month =May,
Pages ="543--554",
Volume ="50",
Category ={DBFrepresent.6>} }

@article{Bhargava1981:1, Author ={Bhargava,B.(ed)},
Title ={Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Pub. 81-CH1632--9.},
Year =1981, Annote ={ Proceedings of IEEE 1SRDSDS conference sponsored by the IEEE Computer Society in cooperation with ACM at the Un.Pittsburgh, Jul.1981. Category ={DBFrepresent.0> } }

@article{Bhargava1981:2, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Hua,C.},
Title ={Cost Analysis of Recovery Block Scheme and Its Implementation Issues},
Journal ={Int.J. of Computer and Information Sci..},
Year =1981, Pages ="359--382",
Volume ="10",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDreliab, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bhargava1982, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Optimistic Concurrency Control in Distributed Database System},
Institution ={rcvd. .},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDintegrity.2, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bhargava1982:1, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Lillien,L.},
Title ={Time Complexity of Database Verification and Recovery},
Institution ={rcvd. .},
Year =1982, Annote ={ Database acceptability, instead of database correctness, is considered as a practical notion. Two criteria of acceptability: transaction-consistency and integrity have been contrasted. It has been shown that there is no fast algorithm for verification of database transaction-consistency, unless P=NP. With a log, backward approximate consistent/integral state restoration and backward approximate consistent history restoration have fast algorithms. Category ={DBFrepresent.6> DBDintegrity.3, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1982:2, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Resiliency Features of the Optimistic Concurrency Control Approach for Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 2, Wiederhold(ed).},
Year =1982, Pages ="19--32",
Category ={DBFrepresent.7> DBDintegrity.2, DBfile} }

@article{Bhargava1982:3, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of the Optimistic Approach to Distributed Database Systems and Its Comparison to Locking},
Journal ={Proc. Intern.Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (IEEE) 3, Miami FL..},
Year =1982, Month =Oct,
Pages ="19--32",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.3, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1982:4, Author ={Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Evaluation of the Network Merging Protocol Based on the Optimistic Concurrency Control and Rollback Semantics},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPSAC, Chicago IL, 8-12.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDintegrity.1>} }

@incollection{Bhargava1983, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Hua,C.T.},
Title ={A Causal Model for Analyzing Distributed Concurrency Control Algorithms},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-9 .},
Year =1983, Month =Jul,
Pages ="470--486",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.1>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1985, Author ={Bhargava,Bharat},
Title ={Design of Intelligent Query Systems for Large Databases},
Booktitle ={Pictorial Information Systems, Fu(editor), ?.},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh, CSD Category ={Image, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bhargava1986, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Riedl,J.},
Title ={The Design of an Adaptable Distributed System},
Institution ={Purdue Un., CDS-TR-580,},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={general overview of RAID project. Category ={DBDdist, DBfile } }

@techreport{Bhargava1987, Author ={Bhargava,Bharat(ed.)},
Title ={Workshop on Design Principles for Experimental Distributed Systems},
Institution ={rcvd., Purdue Un., Oct.1986.},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Purdue Un. Category ={DBDdist, Proc.Shelf} }

@unpublished{Bhargava1987:1, Author ={Bhargava,Bharat},
Title ={Transaction Processing and Consistency Control of Replicated Copies during Failures},
Note ={To appear in Management. Inf. Syst.. (spl. issue on DB systems).},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Purdue Un. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bhargava1986:1, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Riedl,J.},
Title ={A Model for Adaptable Transaction Systems},
Institution ={Purdue Un., TR.CSD-TR-609, Revised May.1987.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1986:2, Author ={Bhargava,B., Dilley,J., and Riedl,J.},
Title ={RAID: A Robust and Adaptable Distributed System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGOP, Workshop Making Dist. Syst. Work.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Purdue Un., CSD system level support for transaction based applications. concurrency control mechanisms based on time-stamps provide a variety of methods spanning from two-phase locking to optimistic methods. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1986:3, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Riedl,J.},
Title ={The Design of an Adaptable Distributed System},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPSAC Conf..},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Purdue Un., CSD Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab>} }

@book{Bhargava1987:2, Author ={Bhargava,Bharat(ed)},
Title ={Concurrency Control and Reliability in Distributed Systems},
Publisher ={Van Norstrand Reinhold (New York NY), 620pp.},
Year =1987, Annote ={ good paper selection. Intro by Jim Gray. Many papers individually listed. Also further papers by Bhargava with Lilien, Hua, and Ruan. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab> DBDtrans, DBfile Lilien } }

@incollection{Bhargava1987:3, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Lilien,L.},
Title ={A Review of Concurrency and Reliability Issues in Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Concurrency Control and Reliability in Distributed Systems, B.Bhargava(ed), Van Norstrand Reinhold (New York NY).},
Year =1987, Annote ={ Reliability is defined as accuracy, consistency, and timeliness. A DDBMS must maintain reliability and access. Six subsystems: external data integrity, transaction correctness, transaction atomicity, rconfiguration concurrency, and internal data integrity. Control can be in normal mode, adaptation mode, or degradation mode, or recovery mode. Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDreliab, DBfile Lilien } }

@unpublished{Bhargava1988, Author ={Bhargava,B. and LeiNg,P.},
Title ={A Dynamic Majority Determination Algorithm for Reconfiguration of Network Partitions},
Note ={To appear in Int. Journal of Inf. Science. (spl. issue on DB syst.)},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Purdue Un., CSD, Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab>} }

@incollection{Bhargava1986:4, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Ruan,Z.},
Title ={Site Recovery in Replicated Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE Conf.on Distributed Computing Systems 6, Cambridge MA..},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Annote ={at Purdue Un., CSD The session number represents the actual state of a site, the consistent view of the nominal session numbers maintained by control transactions, which run concurrently with user transactions. Replication. Category ={DBDreliab> } }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1988:1, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Noll,P.},
Title ={An Experimental Analysis of Replicated Copy Control During Site Failure and Recovery},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab>} }

@article{Bhargava1989, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Riedl,J.},
Title ={The Raid Distributed Database System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Volume ="15",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Bhargava1988:2, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Riedl,J.},
Title ={A Model for Adaptable Transaction Systems},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDtrans>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1989:1, Author ={Bhargava,G. and Gadia,S.K.},
Title ={Achieving zero information-loss in a classical database environment},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Pages ="217--224",
Annote ={at Iowa State Un., DCS, (Ames IO) Use temporal transaction history relations. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1989:2, Author ={Bhargava,B., Mafla,E., Riedl,J., and Sauder,B.},
Title ={Implementation and Measurements of Efficient Communication},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1990, Author ={Bhargava,B., Leu,P-J., and Lian,S-R.},
Title ={Experimental Evaluation of Concurrent Checkpointing and Rollback-Recovery Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6, Los Angeles.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Purdue Un. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1990:1, Author ={Bhargava,B. and Browne,S.},
Title ={Adaptable Recovery Using Dynamic Quorum Assignments},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDreliab>} }

@inproceedings{Bhargava1992, Author ={Bhargava,Bharat},
Title ={From Relational to Object Based Distributed Database System (Invited Talk)},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Purdue University Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bhatia1991, Author ={Bhatia,S., Deogun,J., and Raghavan,V.},
Title ={User profiles for information retrieval},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un. Nebraska, Lincoln to learn individual user interpretation of keywords, correlates to index terms in system (SMART) Category ={DBDbiblio> } }

@incollection{Bhatnagar1986, Author ={Bhatnagar,R.K. and Kanal,L.N.},
Title ={Handling Uncertain Information: A Review of Numeric and Non-numeric Methods},
Booktitle ={`Uncertainty in AI', Kanal and Lemmer(eds.), N-H.},
Year =1986, Annote ={Uncertainty. Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb, DBfile} }

@article{Bhattacharya1967, Author ={Bhattacharya,C.C.},
Title ={A Simple Method of Resolution of a Distribution into Gaussian Components},
Journal ={Biometrics.},
Year =1967, Month Mar,
Category ={DBFtechn.1>} }

@inproceedings{Bhide1988, Author ={Bhide,A. and Stonebraker,M.},
Title ={A Performance Comparison of Two Architectures For Fast Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFtrans>} }

@inproceedings{Bhide1988:1, Author ={Bhide,Anupam},
Title ={An Analysis of Three Transaction Processing Architectures},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="339--350",
Annote ={at UCB, CS Div. Category ={DBFtrans> DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Bhide1992, Author ={Bhide,A., Goyal,A., Hsiao,H-I., and Jhingran,A.},
Title ={An Efficient Scheme for Providing High Availability},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ updates the secondary replica in an asynchronous manner; a log server node is hardened; uses the ARIES recovery scheme Category ={DBDreliab> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bhide1993, Author ={Bhide,A., Dan,A., and Dias,D.},
Title ={Simple Analysis of the LRU Buffer Replacement Policy and Its Relationship to Buffer Warm-up Transient},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center} }

@incollection{Biagioni1985, Author ={Biagioni,Eduardo},
Title ={Interactive Deductive Data Management __The Smart Data Interactive Package},
Booktitle ={Fachbericht 112, Knowledge Based Systems, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1985, Pages ="208--220",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bibel1984, Author ={Bibel,W. and Buchberger,B.},
Title ={Towards a Connection Machine for Logical Inference},
Booktitle ={rcvd..},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at TU Munchen; Un.Linz Category ={DBFmach> DBDkb, DBfile } }

@manual{Bibliotheque1990, Author ={Bibliotheque de France},
Title ={Project Informatique},
Organization ={rcvd April .},
Year =1990, Annote ={ motivation and timetable for a massive library automation project, candidate for mediation. Category ={DBDbiblio, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bic1985, Author ={Bic,L. and Hartmann,R.L.},
Title ={Hither Hundreds of Processors in a Database Machine},
Booktitle ={IWDM 4, DeWitt and Boral(eds.), Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), Bahamas.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@article{Bic1989, Author ={Bic,L. and Hartmann,R.L.},
Title ={AGM: A Dataflow Database Machine},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Pages ="114--146",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at UC Irvine Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Bic1991, Author ={Bic,Lubomir },
Title ={Set Restrictions for Semantic Groupings},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Bickel1987, Author ={Bickel,Michael A.},
Title ={Automatic Correction to Misspelled Names: A Fourth generation Approach},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Pages ="224--228",
Volume ="30",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Letters are assigned weights based on their information value, and a minimum distance function is used to locate their neighbors. 95pct success. Used for NASA space shuttle data on NOMAD2, Distinct from Soundex. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@inproceedings{Bidoit1986, Author ={Bidoit,N. and Hull,R.},
Title ={Positivism vs. Minimalism in Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA. },
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at INRIA Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Bidoit1986:1, Author ={Bidoit,Nicole},
Title ={Efficient Evaluation of Relational Queries using 'Nested Relations'},
Booktitle ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.480.},
Year =1986, Month =Jan,
Annote ={uses UCLA VERSO Model Category ={DBDquery, DBfile} }

@unpublished{Bidoit1986:2, Author ={Bidoit,N. and Hull,R.},
Title ={Minimalism, Justification, and Non-Monotonicity in Deductive Databases},
Note ={rcvd.},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at USC ---jdu. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Biehl1982, Author ={Biehl,L.L., Bauer,M.E., Robinson,B.F., Daughtry,C.S.T., Silva,L.F., and Pitts,D.E.},
Title ={A Crops and Soils Data Base for Scene Radiation Research},
Booktitle ={Machine Proc. of Remotely Sensed Data Symp., West Lafayette IN.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Purdue Un.; NASA (Houston TX) 200,000 truck-mounted and helicopter-borne observations and 400 flight lines of aircraft scanner data. These data are supplemented by agronomic and meteorological data. Category ={DBappl, CODMAC } }

@article{Biermann1980, Author ={Biermann,A.W. and Ballard.,B.W. },
Title ={Toward Natural Language Computation},
Journal ={AJCL, Apr-.},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="71--86",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDquery.3.4>} }

@article{Biggerstaff1987, Author ={Biggerstaff,T., Ellis,C., Halasz,F., Kellogg,C., Richter,C., and Webster,D.},
Title ={Information Management Challenges in the Software Design Process},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="24--31",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Biggerstaff1989, Author ={Biggerstaff,T.},
Title ={Design Recovery for Maintenance and Reuse},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1989, Volume ="22",
Number ="7",
Category ={DEng>} }

@inproceedings{Bihan1980, Author ={Bihan,J.L., Esculier,C., LeLann,G., Litwin,W., Gardarin,G. Sedillot,S., and Treille,L.},
Title ={SIRIUS: A French Nationwide Project on Distributed Data Bases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="75--85",
Annote ={at INRIA,-SIRIUS (Le Chesnay, France) SIRIUS is aimed at the development of, and the experimentation with techniques and methodologies which permit the definition, realization and exploitation of Distributed Data. It gives also a listing of the principal technical documents. Category ={DBDdist> DBrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Bihan1982, Author ={Bihan,J., Esculier,C., Lann,G., and Treille,L.},
Title ={SIRIUS-DELTA: A Prototype Distributed Database Management System},
Booktitle ={Distributed Databases, Delobel and Litwin(eds), N-H.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Biliris1987, Author ={Biliris,A.},
Title ={Operation Specific Locking on BTrees},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Boston Un. Category ={DBFindex> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Biliris1990, Author ={Biliris,A.},
Title ={Modeling Design Object Relationships in PEGASUS},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Boston University Category ={EIS>} }

@inproceedings{Biliris1992, Author ={Biliris,A.},
Title ={An Efficient Database Storage Structure for Large Dynamic Objects},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Boston Un. Category ={DBFstorage} }

@inproceedings{Biliris1992:1, Author ={Biliris,Alexandros},
Title ={The Performance of Three Database Storage Structures for Managing Large Objects},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ EXODUS (B-tree with fixed objects), Starburst (doubling buddy extents) EOS (variable sized buddy) Starburst is to update, fast create, read EOS improves on update Category ={DBDperf> DBDobject> } }

@article{Biller1977, Author ={Biller,H., and Neuhold,E.J.},
Title ={POREL: A Distributed Database on an Inhomogeneous Computer Network},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 3, Tokio.},
Year =1977, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Biller1978, Author ={Biller,H., and Neuhold,E.J.},
Title ={Semantics of Data Bases: the Semantics of Data Models},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press .},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Pages ="11--30",
Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDkb>} }

@incollection{Biller1982, Author ={Biller,Horst},
Title ={On the Architecture of a System Integrating Database Management and Information Retrieval},
Booktitle ={Research and Development in Information Retrieval, Proc.Intl. Conf., Berlin FRG, Salton and Schneider(eds), Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 1983.},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="80--97",
Annote ={at SIETEC (Berlin FRG) Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@article{Billings, Author ={Billings,John Shaw},
Title ={Mechanical Methods Used in Compiling Data of the 11th U.S. Census, with Exhibition of a Machine},
Journal ={Proc.Am. Ass. Adv. of Science, 1892.},
Annote ={ Suggestion, taken up by Hollerith to use punched cards. Category ={DBFhard.1.1> } }

@techreport{Bingham1965, Author ={Bingham,H.W.},
Title ={Security Techniques for EDP of Multilevel Classified Information},
Institution ={Burroughs, TR-65-415, Rome Air Development Command.},
Year =1965, Annote ={ at Burroughs, Defense Space and Special Systems Group, (Paoli PA) Report to the DOD on extensive choice of design methods to achieve security. Category ={DBDprivacy, AD476557 } }

@article{Binot1991, Author ={Binot,J-L, Debille,L., Sedlock,D., and Vandecapelle,B.},
Title ={Natural Language Interfaces: A New Philosophy},
Journal ={SunExpert Magazine.},
Year =1991, Month =Jan,
Pages ="67--73",
Annote ={at BIM This is an article about Loqui, yet another commercial natural language interface for database access. No new concepts in technology. perhaps a nice integration of existing concepts in a working product. The product is based on an extensive natural language research and development effort which started in 1983 as part of ESPIRIT project, and has been available since the summer of 1990. Recognizing the difficulty of porting and fine-tuning a natural language interface to a new database, the system is not proposed as an off-the-shelf product, but as a technological basis (which must be complemented by specific customizing work performed by a team of specialist). The authors state that the off-the-shelf approach of selling natural language interfaces with porting tools is probably one of the reasons why natural language interface systems have not been used widely as they should. Its features include: - Implementation in BIM Prolog (35K lines of code) - Connection to relational DBMS (Sybase, Oracle, Ingres, ..) at the tuple level, namely, bypassing the SQL interface. - Top-down layered processing architecture (as in SRI's TEAM). - Grammar formalism based on Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar. - A postquery cooperative response module. ---Cha. Category ={DBDnat> } }

@techreport{Birkhead1979, Author ={Birkhead,J., DeBrie,K., Forker,N., Issacs,L., Melen,R., and Wellman,J.},
Title ={A Survey of Data Base Systems},
Institution ={The Ad Hoc Database Study Comm. of the Stanford Ctr for Inf. Processing,},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBDintro, DBfile} }

@techreport{Birman1988, Author ={Birman,K.P. and Joseph,T.A.},
Title ={Exploiting Replication},
Institution ={Cornell R 88-917.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Cornell distributed programs for faster execution, uses the LINDA model Category ={DBEng> } }

@techreport{Birman1989, Author ={Birman,K.P.},
Title ={How Robust are Distributed Systems},
Institution ={Cornell TR 89-1014.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Cornell Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Birss1977, Author ={Birss,E.W., Jones,S.E., Ries,D.R., ans Yeh,J.W.},
Title ={Scientific Data Base Management at Lawrence Livermore Lab: Needs and a Prototype System},
Institution ={LLL, Preprint UCRL-80146,},
Year =1977, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ Commands and use of CODASYL system ADMBS for support of FRAMIS Category ={DBDintro.8> } }

@manual{BIS1981, Author ={BIS Applied Systems},
Title ={Data Base Techniques, Software Selection and Systems Development},
Organization ={.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDdesign> DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Bisbee1973, Author ={Bisbee,R.R. and Popek,G.L.},
Title ={Encapsulation, An Approach to Operating System Security},
Institution ={ISI Report RR 73-17},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at USC, ISI (Marina del Rey CA) Use of a minicomputer to control input/output channels to protect privacy. Category ={DBDprivacy.5, xB12.5> } }

@book{Bisco1970, Author ={Bisco,R.L.(ed) },
Title ={Data Bases - Computers and the Social Sciences},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY)-BeckerHayes.},
Year =1970, Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh Collection of papers from a 1967 Conf. Category ={DBFintro> %Bisco70 } }

@inproceedings{Bisiani1988, Author ={Bisiani,R., Lecouat,F., and Ambriola,V.},
Title ={A Planner for the Automation a Planner for the Automation},
Booktitle ={Proc. Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences 21, Hawaii.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ Unix tool to reduce the time to develop heterogeneous parallel systems. Transform a set of goals and constraints specified by a user into the correct set of tool invocations. Loading and initializing, for example, components must be assigned to machines, for each component one must be sure that an up-to-date executable built for the assigned machine is available, shared data structures must be created and initialized, etc. The planner uses descriptions of the problem and the available tools to dynamically create scripts of tool invocations. Category ={DBDdist> PARADATA> } }

@article{Biskup1979, Author ={Biskup,J., Bernstein,P.A., and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Synthesizing Independent Database Schemas},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data , Boston.},
Year =1979, Pages ="143--151",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Biskup1981, Author ={Biskup,Joachim},
Title ={Uber Datenbankrelationen mit Nullwerten und Maybe-Tupeln},
Journal ={Schriften zur Informatik und Angewandten Mathematik, Aachen.},
Year =1981, Number ="67",
Annote ={at Rheinisch-Westfalische TH Aachen On Relations in Databases with Null Values and Maybe Tuples Category ={DBDtheory, DBfile } }

@article{Biskup1983, Author ={Biskup,Joachim},
Title ={A Foundation of Codd's Relational Maybe Operators},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Pages ="608--636",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at TH Aachen (FRG) Join, Project, Select, Union, Difference is defined for nulls which are not labeled, results include Maybe. Division does not work. Update is discussed. Category ={DBDschema.3> } }

@techreport{Biskup1987, Author ={Biskup,Joachim},
Title ={Privacy Respecting Permissions and Rights},
Institution ={rcvd..},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ at Hochschule Hildesheim, Inst. fur Informatik (FRG) Category ={DBDprivacy, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Biskup1986, Author ={Biskup,J., Bruggeman,H.H., Schnetgoke,L., and Kramer,M.},
Title ={One Flavor Assumption and Gamma-acyclicity for Universal Relation Views},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA. },
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un. Dortmund Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Biskup1986:1, Author ={Biskup,J. and Convent,B.},
Title ={A Formal View Integration Method},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data (Washington DC).},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un. Dortmund Equivalence is preserved. Identity constraint defined among keys. Category ={DBDtheory> DBDmodel> EIS> } }

@unpublished{Biskup1987:1, Author ={Biskup,J., Raesch,U., and Steifeling,H.,},
Title ={An Extended Relational Query Language for Knowledgebase Support},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Hochschule Hildesheim (FRG) Proposes graph-theoretic primitives to augment relational algebra, so you can do transitive closure. ---jdu Category ={DBDquery, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Biskup1989, Author ={Biskup,J. and Bruggemann,H.H.},
Title ={The Personal Model of Data -- Towards a Privacy Oriented Information System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles,},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Hochschule Hildesheim, Inst.Informatik (FRG) Authority, views and access rights, security. Category ={DBDprivacy, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Biss1971, Author ={Biss,K., Chien,R., and Stahl,F.},
Title ={R2 - A Natural Language Question-Answering System},
Booktitle ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1971, Pages ="303--308",
Volume ="38",
Annote ={at Un.Illinois, Urbana-Champaign Natural language system using a data base of 2000 English sentences. Category ={DBDnat, x10> %Biss71 } }

@article{Bitton1983, Author ={Bitton,D. and DeWitt,D.},
Title ={Duplicate Record Elimination in Large Data Files},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1983, Month =Jun,
Pages ="255-265",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Annote ={use a modified sort-merge. Category ={DBDrel.3.4>} }

@techreport{Bitton1985, Author ={Bitton,D., Mannila,H., and Raiha,K-J.},
Title ={Design-By-Example: A Design Tool for Relational Databases},
Institution ={Cornell Un., TR-85-692.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Cornell Un., DCS Category ={DBDdesign, DBfile Mannila } }

@inproceedings{Bitton1983:1, Author ={Bitton,D., DeWitt,D., and Turbyfill,C.},
Title ={Benchmarking Database Systems: A Systematic Approach},
Booktitle ={NorthWestern Un., TR-526. Also comments.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ A customized database and a set of queries for systematic benchmarking of relational database systems. Comparative evaluation was performed on DIRECT, the IDM 500 database machine, the `university' and `commercial' versions of INGRES, and ORACLE. Each system was evaluated using similar disks and equivalent amounts of buffer space. One of the major observations made in the paper is that the use of hardware parallelism does not necessarily guarantee a performance exceeding that of a system which runs smart and efficient algorithms without any assistance of parallel hardware. ---Full report in Mien Shih student file The conclusions of this report were challenged by ORACLE, Mar.1984, stating that an obsolete and modified version of ORACLE had been used and a special single user version of RTI INGRES used. It is also stated that for ORACLE slower disks, less memory, smaller blocks (512 vs 2048), no overlapped IO, more update indexes, and non-clustered files were used. The INGRES database is said to have been reorganized between tests and the queries did not included the DISTINCT term to guarantee uniqueness. DeWitt in a short response states that the ORACLE numbers were consistent. Category ={DBFmach> DBDperf> } }

@techreport{Bitton1985:1, Author ={Bitton,D. and Zanken,V.},
Title ={A Better Tool for Query Optimization},
Institution ={Cornell, CSD, TR-85-671.},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Cornell Un. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Bitton1986, Author ={Bitton,D. and Turbyfill,C.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of Main Memory Database Systems},
Institution ={Cornell, CSD, TR-86-731.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Cornell Un. Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Bitton1986:1, Author ={Bitton,Dina},
Title ={The Effect of Large Main Memories on Database Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data, Panel Discussion.},
Year =1986, Pages ="337--339",
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Bitton1987, Author ={Bitton,D., Hanrahan,M.B., and Turbyfill,C.},
Title ={Performance of Complex Queries in Main Memory Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Bitton1988, Author ={Bitton,D. and Gray,J.},
Title ={Disk Shadowing},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="331--338",
Annote ={at Un.Illinois, Chicago, EECS Storage replication also improves recovery performance. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@inproceedings{Bitton1989, Author ={Bitton,D., Millman,J., and Torgersen,S.},
Title ={A Feasibility and Performance Study of Dependency Inference},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bitton1989:1, Author ={Bitton,Dina},
Title ={Arm Scheduling in Shadowed Disks},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPCON 89, San Francisco, -Mar.,},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="132--136",
Annote ={ Shadowing is mirroring with ngt2. Scheduling the disks so that the seek time for a read is minimized. Analysis of the shortest seek algorithm and simulation. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@article{Bjork1973, Author ={Bjork,Lawrence A.},
Title ={Recovery Scenario for a DB/DC System},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1973, Pages ="142--146",
Annote ={at IBM Rules for reconstructing a data base after multi-programmed system failure. Category ={DBFuse-4.5, xB11.5> } }

@article{Bjork1975, Author ={Bjork,L.A.jr.},
Title ={Generalized Audit Trail Requirements and Concepts for Data Base Applications},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1975, Pages ="229--245",
Volume ="14",
Number ="3",
Annote ={Audit log manipulation for time varying data. Category ={DBFuse-4> } }

@techreport{Bjorner1973, Author ={Bjorner,D., Codd,E.F., Deckert,K.L., and Traiger,I.L.},
Title ={The Gamma Zero n-ary Relational Data Base Interface: Specifications of Objects and Operations},
Institution ={IBM, TR.RJ1200.},
Year =1973, Month Apr,
Annote ={Low level database with schema based on ALPHA. Category ={DBDschema, xc> } }

@book{Bjorner1982, Author ={Bjorner,D. and Jones,C.B.},
Title ={Formal Specification and Software Development},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 501pp.},
Year =1982, Annote ={at TU.Denmark; Un.Manchester,U.K. The Vienna Development Method (VDM) and examples of the application include database systems. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Bjorner1982:1, Author ={Bjorner,D. and Lovengreen,H.H.},
Title ={Formalization of Database Systems --- And a Formal Definition of IMS},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 8, McLeod and Villasenor(eds), Mexico City.},
Year =1982, Pages ="334--347",
Annote ={ Constructive definitions in the denotational semantics style of the VDM: Vienna Development Method. Category ={DBDbound.6> DBDlang> DBDdesign> } }

@article{Bjornerstedt1983, Author ={Bjornerstedt,A. and Hulten,C.},
Title ={RED 1: A Database Design Tool for the Relational Model},
Journal ={SYSLAB Res.R. .},
Year =1983, Month Mar,
Number ="18",
Annote ={at SYSLAB Schema and transaction design to prototyping a small, but representative data base. PROLOG is used for the implementation. Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.2, SYSLAB file } }

@article{Blaauw1983, Author ={Blaauw,G.A., Duijvestijn,A.J.W., and Hartman,R.A.M.},
Title ={Optimization of Relational Expressions using a logical Analogon},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8404-297.},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Pages ="497--519",
Volume ="27",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ relational expressions (including 'exclusion') become set expressions (using the Universal relation concept) with only INTERSECT, UNION, and DIF., and then logical expressions with AND, OR, and NOT. To facilitate removal of common subexpressions a SPLIT operation is introduced. Category ={DBDrel.3> } }

@article{Blaauw1985, Author ={Blaauw,G.A., Duijvestijn,A.J.W., and Nieuwerth,F.},
Title ={Decomposition of select expressions},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-??.},
Year =1985, Pages ="325--330",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Twente Un.Technology (The Netherlands) optimal conjunction normal form of Boolean predicates of the select operation Category ={DBDops> } }

@inproceedings{Black1989, Author ={Black,A.P. and Burris,C.H.Jr.},
Title ={A Compact Representation for File Versions: A Preliminary Report},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFperform>} }

@inproceedings{Black, Author ={Black,D. and Manley,J.},
Title ={A logic-based architecture for knowledge management},
Booktitle ={HP Rep. HPL-BRC-TM-86-037},
Annote ={at HP, Bristol Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Manley} }

@article{Black1987, Author ={Black,J.P., Marshall,L.F., and Randell,B.},
Title ={The Architecture of UNIX United},
Journal ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="709--718",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo, CSD (Canada) Category ={DBDdist, xissue } }

@inproceedings{Black1987:1, Author ={Black,Paul K.},
Title ={Is Shafer General Bayes},
Booktitle ={Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, Proc.of an Proc. Natl. Conf. of the American Association for Artifical Int workshop, 10},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Blackwell1983, Author ={Blackwell,P.K., Jajodia,S., and Ng,P.A.},
Title ={A View of Database Management Systems as Abstract Data Types},
Booktitle ={ER 3, Davis et al (eds), ; ACM Computing Reviews 8408-0657.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Pages ="661--668",
Annote ={at Un.Missouri Advocates the use of abstract data types. However, no axioms are given; the operations chosen are not well defined. ---Osborn. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@article{Blaha1988, Author ={Blaha,M.R., Premerlani,W.J., and Rumbaugh,J.E.},
Title ={Relational Database Design Using an Object-Oriented Methodology},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1988, Month Apr,
Pages ="414--427",
Volume ="31",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Blaha1990, Author ={Blaha,M.R., Premerlani,W.J., Bender,A.R. and Salemme,R.M.},
Title ={Bill-of-Material Configuration Generation},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at GE Corporate Research and Development Category ={EIS> } }

@article{Blair1985, Author ={Blair,D.C. and Maron,M.E.},
Title ={An Evaluation of Retrieval Effectiveness for a Full-text Document-Retrieval System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Pages ="289--299",
Volume ="28",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Experiments using STAIRS for 40000 documents gave recall of less than 20pct, precision of 79pct. Category ={DBDquery.1> DBDbiblio> } }

@inproceedings{Blakeley1986, Author ={Blakeley,J.A., Larson,P-A., and Tompa,F.W.},
Title ={Efficiently Updating Materialized Views},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ Incremental relational view maintenance, viz. identity connection I3 Category ={MAT> } }

@techreport{Blakeley1987, Author ={Blakeley,Jose A.},
Title ={Updating Materialized Database Views},
Institution ={Un.Waterloo, CSD, Res.R. CS-87-32.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Category ={DBDperf, Thesis file} }

@techreport{Blakeley1987:1, Author ={Blakeley,J.A., Coburn,N., and Larson,P-A.},
Title ={Updating Derived Relations: Detecting Irrelevant and Automously Computable Updates},
Institution ={Indiana Un., TR-235.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Indiana Un. rigorous mathematical proofs; expressions that are capable of being tested constitute a large and commonly occurring class. ---Miller. Category ={DBDperf, DBfile } }

@techreport{Blakeley1989, Author ={Blakeley,J.A. and Hernandez,H.},
Title ={Multiple-Query Optimization for Materialized View Maintenance},
Institution ={Indiana Un., TR-267.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDperf, DBfile} }

@techreport{Blakeley1989:1, Author ={Blakeley,J.A. and Martin,N.L.},
Title ={Join Index, Materialized View, and Hybrid-Hash Join: A Performance Analysis},
Institution ={Indiana Un., TR-280.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Indiana Un., CSD Category ={DBDops> DBDperform, DBfile } }

@article{Blakeley1986:1, Author ={Blakeley,J.A., Coburn,N., and Larson,P.A.},
Title ={Updating Derived Relations: Detecting Irrelevant and Autonomously Computable Updates},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo (Canada) Identity implementation . Category ={DBDrel> DBDperf> DBDmodel> VOD, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Blakeley1990, Author ={Blakeley,J.A. and Martin,N.L.},
Title ={Join Index, Materialized View, and Hybrid-Hash Join: A Performance Analysis},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Indiana University Category ={DBDindex>} }

@inproceedings{Blakeley1990:1, Author ={Blakeley,J.A., Thompson,C.W., and Alashqur,A.},
Title ={Strawman Reference Model for Object Query Languages},
Booktitle ={Workshop on OODB Standardization 1, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at TI quite complete, based on C++ Category ={DBDobject> DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Blakeley1993, Author ={Blakeley,J., McKenna,W., and Graefe,G.},
Title ={Experiences Building the Open OODB Query Optimizer},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Blanchard1974, Author ={Blanchard,J.Stevens},
Title ={We Bet Our Company on Data Base Management},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1974, Month =Sep,
Pages ="61--65",
Annote ={at Science Dynamics Corp Application of multi-ring system (XEROX DMS) to medical billing. Category ={DBFhash.6> } }

@article{Blandy1989, Author ={Blandy,G.O. and Newson,S.R.},
Title ={VM/XA Storage Management},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1989, Pages ="175--191",
Volume ="28",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, Data Systems Div., (Kingston NY) Category ={DBFhard> } }

@techreport{Blanken1984, Author ={Blanken,H.M.},
Title ={Performance Aspects of Database Management Systems},
Institution ={Twente Un., PhD Th..},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at TU.Twente, The Netherlands Includes papers on VIDEBAS, uses a SEQUEL derivative. Gives values. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDrel.2, thesis file } }

@article{Blanken1984:1, Author ={Blanken,H.M.},
Title ={Performance of VIDEBAS in an Operational Environment},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8412-1025.},
Year =1984, Pages ="19--26",
Volume ="9",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at TU.Twente, The Netherlands Model compares VIDEBAS with a DBTG (UDS) system model. Assumptions? Category ={DBDmodel> DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Blanken1990, Author ={Blanken,H.M., Ijbema,A, Meek,P., and vandenAkker,B.},
Title ={The Generalized Grid File: Description and Performance Aspects},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Twente, The Netherlands Category ={DBFindex>} }

@techreport{Blankinship1985, Author ={Blankinship,R., Dorris,B., and Hevner,A.},
Title ={The File Allocation Problem - a Survey and Annotated Bibliography},
Institution ={Database Systems Res. Ctr. Working Paper Management Science, Journal of TIMSS 85-013.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.Maryland Category ={DBFdist, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Blankinship1991, Author ={Blankinship,R., Hevner,A., and Yao,S.B.},
Title ={An Iterative Method for Distributed Database Design},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Blanning1984, Author ={Blanning,Robert W.},
Title ={A PROLOG-Based Framework for Model Management},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina. The RSS, which actually manages the database, has links. The RDS, which compiles SQL statements into RSS calls, only makes limited use of links. In particular, links are defined between certain system catalogs, and the RDS uses them. However, links are not visible to the users of the RDS. I.e., users cannot create links, and the query optimizer does not use links when planning access strategies.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Vanderbilt Un. Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@techreport{Blasgen1945, Author ={Blasgen,M.W. and Eswaran,K.P.},
Title ={On the Evaluation of Queries in a Database System},
Institution ={IBM, Res. Report FJ (RJ1745), IBM, San Jose, 1976.},
Year =1945, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Comparison of techniques for evaluation of relational queries within a storage/access path model, contrasting index/pointer ring structures, clustered versus non-clustered storage, etc. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDrel.2.5> } }

@article{Blasgen1976, Author ={Blasgen,M.W., Eswaran,K.P., and Casey,R.G.},
Title ={An Encoding Method for Multifield Sorting and Indexing},
Journal ={IBM, Res.R., RJ 1753, IBM San Jose, Res.Lab.},
Year =1976, Month Mar,
Annote ={Coding for SYSTEM R multi-field indexes. Category ={DBFimpl.6.4> DBFrepresent.2, DBfile } }

@article{Blasgen1978, Author ={Blasgen M.W. and Eswaran,K.P.},
Title ={Storage Access in Relational Databases},
Journal ={IBM, G321-5058.},
Year =1978, Annote ={A simplified version of IBM RJ1745. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDrel.2.6, Shel } }

@techreport{Blasgen1978:1, Author ={Blasgen,M., et al},
Title ={System R: An Architectural Update},
Institution ={IBM, G321-5140.},
Year =1978, Category ={DBDintro.1>} }

@article{Blasgen1981, Author ={Blasgen,M.W. et al},
Title ={System R: An Architectural Overview},
Journal ={IBM Syst.J.,},
Year =1981, Pages ="41--62",
Volume ="20",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ This paper describes overall architecture of the system, including the Relational Data System (RDS) and the Research Storage System RSS). RDS is a data base language compiler. Host language programs with imbedded SQL statements are compiled by System R, which replaces the SQL statements with calls to a machine-language access module. From: Laura Haas :LINKS Category ={DBDtheory> DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Bledsoe1986, Author ={Bledsoe,W.W.},
Title ={Some Thoughts on Proof Discovery},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp.on Logic Programming 86, Salt Lake City UT.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Bleier1967, Author ={Bleier,Robert E.},
Title ={Treating Hierarchical Data Structures in the SDC Time-shared Data Management System (TDMS)},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf 22, MDI Pub. Wayne PA.},
Year =1967, Pages ="41--49",
Annote ={at SDC (Santa Monica CA) General description of TDMS Category ={DBFtrees.4> DBDrel.3> } }

@inproceedings{Bleier1968, Author ={Bleier, Robert E. and Vorhaus,A.H.},
Title ={File Organization in the SDC TDMS},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf-68, Proc. IFIP Congress, N-H, pp.F92--F97.},
Year =1968, Category ={DBFtrees.4>} }

@inproceedings{Bleier1970, Author ={Bleier,Robert E.},
Title ={Data Definition Standardization},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Houston TX.},
Year =1970, Category ={DBDschema>} }

@techreport{Bloch1984, Author ={Bloch,J.J., Daniels,D.S., and Spector,A.Z.},
Title ={Weighted Voting for Directories: A Comprehensive Study},
Institution ={CMU, DCS, TR-84-114.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at CMU, DCS Replicated directory. Performance. Category ={DBDperf> DBFbasic, DBfile Spector } }

@inproceedings{Block, Author ={Block,F.P. and Chan,N.C.},
Title ={An Extended Frame Language},
Booktitle ={OOPSLA 89.},
Pages ="151--157",
Annote ={ They extend the semantics of frame-based operation to include the ability to represent complex items, such as arrays, and to allow slot definition sharing. Their `frames' are similar to Smalltalk-like objects. This can be interesting to database work in that frame-based data modeling may be used at the database level as well as in programming environments. ---Paepcke Category ={DBDobject> } }

@article{Blois1987, Author ={Blois,Marsden S.},
Title ={What is it that Computers Compute?},
Journal ={M.D. Computing, Springer Verlag, -Jun..},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="32--56",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ short note stressing information concepts. IAIMS. Category ={MIS> DBDintro> } }

@article{Blois1987:1, Author ={Blois,Marsden S.},
Title ={Information holds Medicine together},
Journal ={M.D. Computing, Springer Verlag, -Oct..},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="42--46",
Volume ="4",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ How to combine the various types of information --- factual and judgmental - remains a prime concern in the use of the computer for medical practice. Category ={MIS> } }

@book{Blois1984, Author ={Blois,Marsden S.},
Title ={Information and Medicine},
Publisher ={UC Press, 298pp.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDdesign, x} }

@book{Blokdijk1987, Author ={Blokdijk,A. and Blokdijk,P.},
Title ={Planning and Design of Information Systems},
Publisher ={Academic Press (New York NY) Press, (Orlando FL), 578pp.; ACM CR 8811-0834.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at IBM, European Systems Res.Inst. Parts: Planning and Design: Methodology; Users and Information Systems; Information Systems Planning; Application Planning; Logical Design of the Application. What and how to do 'Quality Metrics'. For the information professional. Well written and structured. ---P.Teplitzky. Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@article{Bloom1969, Author ={Bloom,Burton H.},
Title ={Some Techniques and Trade-offs Affecting Large Data Base Retrieval Times},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf ,},
Year =1969, Pages ="83--95",
Annote ={at Computer Usage Co. Sample analysis of indexed and direct access. Category ={DBFseq.0> } }

@article{Bloom1970, Author ={Bloom,B.H.},
Title ={Space-time Trade-offs in Hash Coding with Allowable Errors},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1970, Month =Jul,
Pages ="422--426",
Volume ="13",
Number ="7",
Annote ={Phantom use of a direct access list. Category ={DBFhybrid.6>%Bloom70 } }

@inproceedings{Blott1992, Author ={Blott,S., Harper,D., and Norrie,M.},
Title ={Active Queries-a Lazy Approach to Query Evaluation in OODBs},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at The University, Glasgow, Scotland Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Blum1980, Author ={Blum,B.I.},
Title ={Mumps},
Booktitle ={rcvd. ?.},
Year =1980, Annote ={at Johns Hopkins Un. (Baltimore, MD) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Blum1986, Author ={Blum,Bruce I.},
Title ={Clinical Information Systems},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) .},
Year =1986, Annote ={ chapter 5 covers databases: file structure, Mumps, Btree, DBMS, DB design Category ={MCS> DBFindex> DBFimpl> } }

@article{Blum1987, Author ={Blum,Bruce I.},
Title ={The TEDIUM Development Environment for Information Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Pages ="25--34",
Volume ="4",
Number ="2",
Annote ={OCIS Category ={DBDlang>} }

@inproceedings{Blum1982, Author ={Blum,Bruce I.},
Title ={Mumps, TEDIUM and Productivity},
Booktitle ={Proceedings MEDCOMP '82.},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Johns Hopkins Un. Authors description of a new proprietory programming system. Category ={DBFtrees.5> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@techreport{Blum1990, Author ={Blum,Bruce},
Title ={Software Engineering for Small and Large Projects, Chapter 1, the Software Process},
Institution ={Johns Hopkins Un. report RMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. Publishers-90-008.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Category ={DEng, DBfile} }

@techreport{Blum1990:1, Author ={Blum,Bruce},
Title ={Software Engineering for Small and Large Projects, Chapter 2, Requirements Analysis and Modeling},
Institution ={Johns Hopkins Un. report RMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. Publishers-90-017.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Category ={DEng, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Blum1990:2, Author ={Blum,B.I.},
Title ={The Software Process for Medical Applications},
Booktitle ={IMIA Working conference on Software Eng. and Medical Informatics, Amsterdam.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ TEDIUM supports implementation and maintenace of systems with very many transaction programs and relations Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Blum1992, Author ={Blum,Bruce (},
Title ={The Evolution of Software Engineering (Invited Talk)},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ at Johns Hopkins University, Applied Physics Lab. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Blum1978, Author ={Blum,R.L. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Inferring Knowledge from Clinical Data Banks Utilizing Techniques from Artificial Intelligence},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 2, (Washington DC), IEEE.},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Pages ="303--307",
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBDstat> MCS>} }

@inproceedings{Blum1980:1, Author ={Blum,R.L.},
Title ={Automating The Study of Clinical Hypotheses on a Time-Oriented Database: The RX Project},
Booktitle ={MEDINFO 80, Lindberg and Kaihara(eds), IFIP, N-H .},
Year =1980, Pages ="456--460",
Category ={DBappl> DBDquery.1> MCS>} }

@article{Blum1981, Author ={Blum,R.L.},
Title ={Displaying Clinical Data from a Time-Oriented Database},
Journal ={Computers in Biology and Medicine.},
Year =1981, Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDquery.1> MCS>} }

@article{Blum1982:1, Author ={Blum,Robert L.},
Title ={Discovery, Confirmation, and Incorporation of Causal Relationships from a Large Time-Oriented Clinical Database: The \csc rx Project},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, Academic.},
Year =1982, Pages ="164--187",
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Blum1982:2, Author ={Blum,R.L.},
Title ={Discovery and Representation of Causal Relationships from a Large Time-Oriented Clinical Database: The RX Project},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Medical Informatics , Lindberg and Reichertz (eds), 242pp.},
Year =1982, Number ="19",
Category ={MCS> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Blum1982:3, Author ={Blum,R.L and Wiederhold,G.C.M.},
Title ={Studying Hypotheses on a Time-Oriented Clinical Database: An Overview of the \csc rx~Project},
Booktitle ={SCAManagement Science, Journal of TIMSI 6, -Nov. (Washington DC), IEEE 82 CH1805-1.},
Year =1982, Month =Oct,
Pages ="725-735",
Category ={DBDkb >} }

@article{Blum1986:1, Author ={Blum,Robert L.},
Title ={Computer-Assisted Design of Studies Using Routine Clinical Data: Analyzing the Association of Prednisone and Cholesterol},
Journal ={Annals of Internal Medicine},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Blumenthal1969, Author ={Blumenthal,S.C.},
Title ={Management Information System - A framework for Planning and Development},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers.},
Year =1969, Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Blumer1987, Author ={Blumer,A., Blumer,J., Haussler,D., McConnell,R., and Ehrenfeucht,A.},
Title ={Complete Inverted Files for Efficient Text Retrieval and Analysis},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8810-0785.},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Pages ="578--595",
Volume ="34",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at U.Denver main memory, compacted suffix DAG for every substring, replace suffix trees. Data structure is a compact directed acyclic word graph. Searches for arbitrary strings are allowed. Suggest searching DNA sequences. Linear times for finding the longest prefix of a keyword. ---J.Fried. Category ={DBFtree> } } % ------ BM ------biblio----1949-1991-----

@inproceedings{Bobbie1991, Author ={Bobbie,P.O. and Urban,J.E.},
Title ={A Method for Integrating Heterogeneous Knowledge-Bases},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Annote ={ characterizes bandwidth requirements for transaction processing and database queries. Category ={DBFdist> Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bobeck1969, Author ={Bobeck,A.H., Fisher,R.F., and Perreski,A.J.},
Title ={A New Approach to Memory and Logic - Cylindrical Domain Devices},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1969, Pages ="489--498",
Volume ="35",
Annote ={at Bell Telephone Lab (Murray Hill NJ) description of bubble memory principles Category ={DBFhard.1.4> } }

@book{Bobeck1975, Author ={Bobeck,A.H. and DellaTorre,E.},
Title ={Magnetic Bubbles},
Publisher ={N-H, Elseviers, 222pp.},
Year =1975, Category ={DBFhard.1.4 %Bobeck75} }

@inproceedings{Bobeck1975:1, Author ={Bobeck,A.H., Bonyhard,P.I., and Geusic,J.E.},
Title ={Magnetic Bubbles, An Emerging New Storage Technology},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE, Hoagland(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1176--1195",
Volume ="63",
Number ="8",
Annote ={Comprehensive description and bibliography Category ={DBFhard.1.4> } }

@inproceedings{Bober1992, Author ={Bober,P. and Carey,M.},
Title ={On Mixing Queries and Transactions via Multiversion Locking},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Bober1992:1, Author ={Bober,P.M. and Carey,M.J.},
Title ={Multiversion Query Locking},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={reduces the cost of versioning Category ={DBDconc>} }

@article{Bobrow1972, Author ={Bobrow,D.G., Burchfiel,J.D., Murphy,D.L., and Tomlinson,R.S.},
Title ={TENEX, A Paged Time-Sharing System for the PDP-10},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1972, Month Mar,
Pages ="135--143",
Volume ="15",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at BBN Includes description of file system aspects and protection. Category ={DBFintro.4> DBFintro.7> DBDtrans.6> } }

@article{Bobrow1977, Author ={Bobrow,D.G., Kaplan,R., Kay,M., Norman,D., Thompson,H., and Winograd,T.},
Title ={GUS, A Frame-Driven Dialogue System},
Journal ={Artificial Intelligence.},
Year =1977, Pages ="155--173",
Volume ="8",
Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDkb> DBDnat>pr} }

@article{Bobrow1984, Author ={Bobrow,Daniel.G.},
Title ={If Prolog is the Answer, What is the Question},
Journal ={Fifth Generations Computer Systems, ICOT, pub. North-Holland-84.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Pages ="138--145",
Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@article{Bobrow1985, Author ={Bobrow,D.G. and Hayes},
Title ={AI --- Where are we?},
Journal ={AI journal.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Bobrow1985:1, Author ={Bobrow,D.G.},
Title ={COMMONLOOPS: Merging Common Lisp and Object-Oriented Programming},
Institution ={Xerox PARC, ISL-85-8.},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDlang> EIS, Sang st.file} }

@article{Bobrow, Author ={Bobrow,D.G., DeMichiel,L.G., Gabriel,R.P., Keene,S.E., Kiczales,G, and Moon,D.A.},
Title ={Common Lisp Object System Specification},
Journal ={DBDlang>},
Annote ={ANSI X#J13 Document 88-002R.} }

@inproceedings{Bobrow1972:1, Author ={Bobrow,Robert J.},
Title ={An Experimental Data Management Systems},
Booktitle ={Data Base Systems, Rustin(ed), Prentice-Hall .},
Year =1972, Pages ="125--142",
Annote ={at UCI (Irvine CA) Description of BBN-LISP based Data Management System from experimentation developed from TDMS. Has privacy control on relations as well as elements. Category ={DBFtrees.1> DBFhard-3> } }

@techreport{Bobrow1978, Author ={Bobrow,R.J.},
Title ={The RUS System},
Institution ={BBN Inc, Report 3878..},
Year =1978, Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDnat>} }

@inproceedings{Bobrow:1, Author ={Bobrow,R.J., Resnik,P., and Weischedel,R.M.},
Title ={Multiple Underlying Systems: Translating User Requests into Programs to Produce Answers},
Booktitle ={American Journal of Computational Linguistics 90.},
Annote ={at BBN the Janus natural language interface translates intensional logic expressions representing the meaning of a request into executable code for each application program, chooses which combination of application systems to use, and designs the transfer of data among them in order to provide an answers AFIS, KQML Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bocca1986, Author ={Bocca,Jorge},
Title ={On the Evaluation Strategy of EDUCE},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 86 (Washington DC).},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Pages ="368--378",
Annote ={at ECRC, Munich FRG Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Bocca1986:1, Author ={Bocca,J.},
Title ={Some Steps Towards a DBMS based KBMS},
Booktitle ={Proc.IFIP Congress 86.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bocca1986:2, Author ={Bocca,Jorge},
Title ={EDUCE --- A Marriage of Convenience: Prolog and a Relational DBMS},
Booktitle ={IEEE-SLP 86, Salt Lake City UT.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at ECRC, Munich Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@article{Bocca1989, Author ={Bocca,J. and Freytag,J.C.},
Title ={Rules for Implementing Very Large Knowledge Base Systems},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1989, Month =Sep,
Pages ="29--35",
Volume ="18",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at ECRC, (Munich FRG) EDUCE* compiles, indexes on type, binds rule triggers into extension. Transforms queries to iterations. A rule base optimizer deals with heavy CPU load in the KBMS. ---Gio. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Bocca1990, Author ={ Bocca,J. Bocca,J.},
Title ={Compilation of Logic Programs to Implement Very Large Knowledge Base Systems - A Case Study: Educe*},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at ECRC, GmbH, Munchen, FRG Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Bochmann1988, Author ={Bochmann,Gregor V.},
Title ={Delay-Independent Design for Distributed Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1229--1237",
Volume ="14",
Number ="8",
Annote ={ at Un.Montreal, Dep.Informatique et de Recherche Operationnelle, Canada Modules are interconnected by channels over which the modules exchange messages. The behavior of each module is described in terms of its possible states and transitions. Delays clearly have an influence on performance. Under certain circumstances, delays have no influence on the logical system properties. Regularity. FAUVE Category ={DBDdist> } }

@book{Bodner1987, Author ={Bodner,Michael S.},
Title ={Mocro to Mainframe Data Exchange},
Publisher ={TAB Books, 273pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8809-0664.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Bodner & Hutchins, Houston TX Management level overview of the issues involved. ---R.E.VanCleef. Category ={DBFdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bodorik1988, Author ={Bodorik,P. and Riordon,J.S.},
Title ={Distributed Query Processing Optimization Objectives},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={dynamic optimization in parallel with execution. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bodorik1988:1, Author ={Bodorik,P., and Riordon,J.S.},
Title ={Heuristic Algorithms for Distributed Query Processing},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Technical Un. of Nova Scotia Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bodorik1990, Author ={Bodorik,P., Pyra,J., and Riordon,J.S.},
Title ={Correcting Execution of Distributed Queries},
Booktitle ={Int. Symp. on Databases in Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, Dublin,},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ at Technical Un.Nova Scotia, Canada; Carleton Un.,Canada a low overhead method to decide if dynamic rescheduling of a complex query is warranted. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bodorik1992, Author ={Bodorik,P., Smith,F. and Lewis,D.},
Title ={Transactions in Distributed Shared Memory Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Technical Un.Nova Scotia Category ={DBDtrans> DBDdist> } }

@article{Boehm1971, Author ={Boehm,Barry W.},
Title ={Some Information Processing Implications of the Air Force Space Missions in the 1970's},
Journal ={Aeronautics and Astronautics.},
Year =1971, Month =Jan,
Pages ="42--50",
Annote ={at Rand Data on cost of maintaining reliability. Category ={DBFuse-4, xB11> } }

@techreport{Boehm1981, Author ={Boehm,K. and Neuhold,E.J.},
Title ={Communication Interface for a System of Distributed Processors},
Institution ={Un.Stuttgart, Inst.Informatik (FRG), TR281 ( )},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Boehm1981:1, Author ={Boehm,B.W.},
Title ={Software Engineering Economics},
Booktitle ={Prentice-Hall publishers.},
Year =1981, Annote ={--- Kung I3 Category ={DEng>} }

@incollection{Boguraev1984, Author ={Boguraev,B.K. and SparckJones,K.},
Title ={A Natural Language Front End to Databases with Evaluative Feedback},
Booktitle ={`New Applications of Databases' Gardarin and Gelenbe(eds), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.3.3>} }

@inproceedings{Boguraev1986, Author ={Boguraev,B.K., Copestake,A.A., and Jones,K.S.},
Title ={Inference in Natural Language Front Ends},
Booktitle ={DS-2, IFIP TC-2 conf.on Knowledge and Data, Portugal.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Cambridge Category ={DBDquery> DBDkb>} }

@article{Bohl1981, Author ={Bohl,M.},
Title ={Introduction to IBM Direct Access Storage Devices},
Journal ={SRA.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBFhard>} }

@book{Bolc1986, Author ={Bolc,L. and Jarke,M.(Eds)},
Title ={Cooperative Interfaces to Information Systems},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 328pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8804-0252.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ Eight papers. Chapter 6: semantics-based approach to the analysis of natural language queries over a relational database. Treatment of ambiguity, conjunction and ellipsis. HAM-ANS can provide access to a variety of information systems. ---Chrz. Category ={DBDquery> DBDkb> } }

@article{Boleda1985, Author ={Boleda,A., Lasker,D. and Stewart,G.},
Title ={The Impact of New Technologies on Northern Telecom's Office Communications Architecture},
Journal ={IEEE ICC , of 3.},
Year =1985, Pages ="379--384",
Volume ="1",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Boley1986, Author ={Boley,Harold},
Title ={RELFUN: A Relational/Functional Integration with Valued Clauses},
Institution ={SEKI-REPORT SR-86-04.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Annote ={at AI Lab., Un.Kaiserslautern (FRG) Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@techreport{Bollinger1991, Author ={Bollinger,T., and Pletat,U.},
Title ={The LILOG Knowledge Representation System},
Institution ={IWBS report 156.},
Year =1991, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ based on order-sorted predicate logic enriched by a type system KL-ONE like, default reasoning and external deductive components Category ={DBDkb, LILOGbox } }

@article{Bollinger1991:1, Author ={Bollinger,T. and McGowan,C.},
Title ={A Critical Look at Software Capability Evaluations},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1991, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at NEC; Software Productivity Consortium evaluation of SEI work Category ={DEng> } }

@techreport{Bollinger1991:2, Author ={Bollinger,T., and Pletat,U.},
Title ={Knowledge in Operation},
Institution ={IWBS report 165.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM external spatial reasoner for LILOG Category ={DBDimage >DBDkb, LILOGbox } }

@article{Bologno1986, Author ={Bologno,S. and Leveson,N.G.},
Title ={Reliability and Safety in Real-time Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-12 .},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Pages ="877--878",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ foreword for special issue on real-time process control. Category ={DBFrealtime> } }

@techreport{Bolour1979, Author ={Bolour,A.},
Title ={The Process Model of Data},
Institution ={UCSF, Lab.of Med.Inf.Sc., TR.#38.},
Year =1979, Month Mar,
Annote ={at UCSF (San Francisco) Modeling of time and processes into a datamodel Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{Bolour1979:1, Author ={Bolour,A.},
Title ={Optimality Properties of Multiple-Key Hashing Functions},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1979, Month Apr,
Pages ="196--210",
Volume ="26",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBDschema.5>} }

@article{Bolour1982, Author ={Bolour,A., Anderson,T.L., Debeyser,L.J. and Wong,H.K.T.},
Title ={The Role of Time in Information Processing: A Survey},
Journal ={SigArt Newsletter.},
Year =1982, Month Apr,
Pages ="28--48",
Number ="80",
Annote ={ It is quite a useful reference on temporal data (surajit) Category ={DBDschema.2> } }

@inproceedings{Bolour1983, Author ={Bolour,A. and Dekeyser,L.J.},
Title ={Abstractions in Temporal Information},
Booktitle ={Inf.Syst..},
Year =1983, Pages ="41--49",
Volume ="8",
Number ="1",
Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Bonano, Author ={Bonano,R., Maio,D., and Tiberio,P},
Title ={An Approximation Algorithm for Secondary Index Selection in Realtional Database Physical Design},
Institution ={To appear in the Computer Journal},
Category ={DBFindex.4, DBfile-Tiberio} }

@inproceedings{Bonatti1992, Author ={Bonatti,P., Kraus,S., and Subrahmanian,V.},
Title ={Declarative Foundations of Secure Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@book{Bonczek1984, Author ={Bonczek,R., Holsapple,C., and Whinston,A.},
Title ={Micro Database Management},
Publisher ={Academic Press (New York NY), 511pp.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDintro>} }

@article{Bondar1982, Author ={Bondar,E.V.},
Title ={Method of Increasing the Efficiency of Text Compression Processes},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Jun..},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="156--161",
Volume ="8",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFrepresent, FASAC 318} }

@inproceedings{Bonner1992, Author ={Bonner,Anthony},
Title ={The Complexity of Reusing and Modifying Rulebases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Bonyhard1970, Author ={Bonyhard,P.I., Danylchuk,I., Kish,D.E., and Smith,J.L.},
Title ={Applications of Bubble Devices},
Journal ={IEEE Trans.on Magnetics,},
Year =1970, Month =Sep,
Pages ="447--451",
Volume ="6",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFhard.1.4, x2>} }

@techreport{Boon1973, Author ={Boon,C. and Bunyan,C.J.(eds)},
Title ={Data Base Management, International State of the Art Report No.15},
Institution ={Infotech Information Limited (Maidenhead, UK).},
Year =1973, Annote ={ 120 papers from a 'State of the Art' Conf. discussing generalized database management systems, mainly CODASYL approach; annotated bibliography. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{Booth1960, Author ={Booth,A.D. and Colin,J.T.},
Title ={On the Efficiency of a New Method of Dictionary Construction},
Journal ={Information and Control.},
Year =1960, Pages ="327--334",
Volume ="3",
Annote ={at London Un., Birbeck Coll. (London) Hierarchical dictionary, optimized according to Zipf's Law. Category ={DBFtrees.4> %Booth60 } }

@article{Booth1967, Author ={Booth,A.D.},
Title ={A `Law' of Occurrences for Words of Low Frequency},
Journal ={Information and Control.},
Year =1967, Pages ="386--393",
Annote ={more on Zipf's law Category ={DBFrepresent, Shel} }

@inproceedings{Booth1972, Author ={Booth,Grayce M.},
Title ={The Use of Distributed Data Bases in Information Networks},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the First International Conf. on Computer Communications: Impacts and Implications.},
Year =1972, Month =Oct,
Pages ="371--376",
Annote ={ at Honeywell, Information Systems (Phoenix, Ariz.) This paper does not say much; Booth's 1976 paper is better. Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@book{Booth1973, Author ={Booth,G.M.},
Title ={Functional Analysis of Information Processing},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY).},
Year =1973, Annote ={Taxonomy of system components. Category ={DBFintro.3> %Booth73 } }

@inproceedings{Booth1976, Author ={Booth,G.M.},
Title ={Distributed information systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS . },
Year =1976, Pages ="789--794",
Volume ="45",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintro.8>} }

@book{Booth1983, Author ={Booth,G.M.},
Title ={The Design of Complex Information Systems: Common Sense Methods for Success},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 320pp.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@inproceedings{Boral1980, Author ={Boral,H. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Design Considerations for Dataflow Database Machines},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 80, Santa Monica.},
Year =1980, Category ={DBFmach>} }

@article{Boral1981, Author ={Boral,H. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Processor Allocation Strategies for Multiprocessor Database Machines},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="117--254",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBFmach>} }

@techreport{Boral1981:1, Author ={Boral,H. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of Associative Disk Designs},
Institution ={Un.Wisconsin Tech.Report 417.},
Year =1981, Annote ={ Model based evaluation of Processor-per-track, -per-head, per-disk designs with var. params., sbout IBM 3330 type, incl. IO contention (MShih). Category ={DBFmach> DBFstorage-3.3> } }

@article{Boral1982, Author ={Boral,H. and Dewitt,D.J.},
Title ={Applying Data Flow Techniques to Data Base Machines},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Pages ="57--77",
Volume ="15",
Number ="8",
Annote ={ Analysis of problems using experience from DIRECT. Category ={DBFmach> DBDrel.2> } }

@article{Boral1982:1, Author ={Boral,H., DeWitt,D.J., Friedland,D., Jarrell,N.F., and Wilkinson,W.K.},
Title ={Implementation of the Database Machine DIRECT},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-8 .},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="533-543",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ This is a well-written article and should be read by anyone interested in the subject of Database Machine. The authors first give a brief overview of the original design and then describe how the present implementation differs from it. They explain the motivations behind some of the design decisions. The authors not only discuss the implementation issues, but are candid in disclosing the errors they made as well as the lessons they learned from the project. (Kitty Shih comment) Category ={DBFmach> } }

@inproceedings{Boral1988, Author ={Boral,H.},
Title ={Parallelism and Data Management},
Booktitle ={Intl.Conf.on Data and Knowledge Bases, Jerusalem.3.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Boral1988:1, Author ={Boral,Haran},
Title ={Parallelism in BUBBA},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Boral1990, Author ={Boral,H., Alexander,W., Clay,L., Copeland,G., Danforth,S., Franklin,M., Hart,B., Smith,M., and Valduriez,P.},
Title ={Prototyping Bubba, a Highly Parallel Database System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at MCC the processors to not share memory or disks, the FAD language provides complex objects, object identity, data manipulation to accessing nested sets and tuples, control primitives as while-do and if-then-else; FAD treates transient and persistent data uniformly; Bubba is implemented on a 40-node Flex/32 multicomputer. Category ={DBDmach> } }

@inproceedings{Borges1985, Author ={Borges,Marcos R.S.},
Title ={Towards a flexible mechanism for concurrency control in database systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the British National Conference on Databases 4, ; ACM CR 8608-??.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.East Anglia (Norwich) semantic information used to modify concurrency control, comparative performances of the pessimistic (locking) versus optimistic approaches simulation only. Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Borgida1984, Author ={Borgida,Alex},
Title ={Intelligent Handling of Exceptions in Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@article{Borgida1985, Author ={Borgida,A.},
Title ={Features of Languages for the Development of Information Systems at the Conceptual Level},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1985, Month =Jan,
Pages ="63--72",
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel.6> DBDkb> DBDlang, DBfile} }

@article{Borgida1985:1, Author ={Borgida,Alexander},
Title ={Language Features for Flexible Handling of Exceptions in Information Systems},
Journal ={Rutgers Un., TR-LCSR-70, rev. .},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Adding exception handling to database systems to deal with unusual, unknown, or otherwise exceptional attribute values. A semanticextension that may inspire KBMSers. I have a report in my office on the possibilities of this approach, by Alex Borgida of Rutgers. It's very readable, and it may inspire someone to cook up such ascheme of his or her own for Naxos, thesis, or whatever. -----Marianne W.W. Category ={DBDlang> DBDkb, DBfile } }

@techreport{Borgida1987, Author ={Borgida,A., Jarke,M., Mylopoulos,J., Schmidt,J.W., and Vassiliou,Y.},
Title ={The Software Development Environment as a Knowledge Base Management System},
Institution ={Un.Passau, DCS, TR-Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersP-8710.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ at Un.Passau, Fak.Mathematik and Informatik (FRG) Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Borgida1989, Author ={Borgida,Alexander},
Title ={Type Systems for Querying Class Hierarchies with Non-Strict Inheritance},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Rutgers Un. Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Borgida1989:1, Author ={Borgida,A., Brachman,R.J., McGuiness,D.L., and Resnick,L.A.},
Title ={CLASSIC: A Structural Data Model for Objects},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs, (Murray Hill NJ) Descendant of KLONE, Complex objects defined by relationships to other objects, using constraints, generalizations. Supports open world assumption. Deals with incomplete knowledge (defaults) and some forward chaining. They make a point of being more restrictive than general logical databases for efficient implementation. ---T.Risch. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Borgida1993, Author ={Borgida,A. and Brachman,R.},
Title ={Loading Data Into Description Reasoners},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={unknown>} }

@inproceedings{Borgida1992, Author ={Borgida,A. and Brachman,R.},
Title ={Customizable Classification Inference in the ProtoDL Description Management System},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Rutgers; ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBDkb>} }

@unpublished{Borner1987, Author ={Borner,S. and Studer,R.},
Title ={An Approach to Manage Large Inheritance Networks},
Note ={IBM, FRG, LILOG.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at IBM, Stuttgart FRG, LILOG Project Category ={DBDkb, LILOG box } }

@inproceedings{Borgwardt1986, Author ={Borgwardt,P. and Rea,D.},
Title ={Distributed Semi-Intelligent Backtracking for a Stack-based AND-parallel Prolog},
Booktitle ={IEEE-SLP 86, (Salt Lake City UT)},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Tektronix Labs; Un.Minnesota Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{BorlaSalamet1991, Author ={BorlaSalamet,P., Chachaty,C., and Dageville,B.},
Title ={Compiling Control into Database Queries for Parallel Execution Management},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Borning1979, Author ={Borning, Alan},
Title ={Thinglab --- A Constraint-Oriented Simulation Laboratory},
Institution ={PhD Th., Stanford Un., TR.STAN-CS-79-746.},
Year =1979, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.3.3>} }

@inproceedings{Borr1981, Author ={Borr,A.J.},
Title ={Transaction Monitoring in ENCOMPASS: Reliable Distributed Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="155--165",
Annote ={at Tandem Computers Inc. (Cupertino CA) Category ={DBDtrans-4 @inproceedings{Borr1984, Author ={Borr,A.J.},
Title ={Robustness to Crash in a Distributed Database: A Non-Shared-Memory Multi-Processor Approach},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 10.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDtrans-4> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Boruch1972, Author ={Boruch.Robert F.},
Title ={Security of Information Processing --- Implications from Social Research},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1972, Pages ="425--433",
Volume ="41",
Annote ={at Northwestern Un. Category ={DBDprivacy.8>} }

@incollection{Bosch1993, Author ={Bosch,C., Gomaa,H., and Kerschberg,L.},
Title ={Design and Construction of a Software Engineering Environment: Experiences with Eiffel},
Booktitle ={IEEE Readings in Object-Oriented Systems and Applications.},
Year =1993, Annote ={I3 Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Bosak1962, Author ={Bosak, Robert, et al},
Title ={An Information Algebra},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1962, Month Apr,
Pages ="190--204",
Volume ="5",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Texas Instruments Category ={DBDkb> at CODASYL Development Comm., Language Structure Group Early CODASYL concept paper defining data bases as relations in a multi-domain space with algebraic operations to solve file problems. Category ={DBDschema> %Bosak62 } }

@techreport{Bose1967, Author ={Bose,R.C.},
Title ={Lectures on Coding Theory},
Institution ={Tata Inst., Lecture Notes Series H31, Bombay .},
Year =1967, Annote ={ Mathematical derivation of error detecting and correcting code transformations. Category ={DBDtrans.3, book> } }

@article{Bose1969, Author ={Bose,R.C., Abraham,C.T., and Ghosh,S.P.},
Title ={File Organization of Records with Multiple-Valued Attributes for Multi-Attribute Queries},
Journal ={Combinatorial Mathematics and Its Application, UNC Press.},
Year =1969, Pages ="277--297",
Category ={DBFimpl.2.7>} }

@article{Bose1969:1, Author ={Bose,R.C. and Koch,Gary G.},
Title ={The Design of Combinatorial Information Retrieval Systems for Files with Multiple Valued Attributes},
Journal ={SIAM J. Appl. Math..},
Year =1969, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1203--1214",
Volume ="17",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFimpl.2.7, DBfile %Bose69} }

@book{Boss, Author ={Boss,Richard W.},
Title ={The library manager's guide to automation (3rd ed.)},
Publisher ={G.K. Hall, 202pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9102-0049.},
Category ={DBDbiblio>} }

@article{Bottcher1986, Author ={Bottcher,S., Jarke,M. and Schmidt,J.W.},
Title ={Adaptative Predicate Managers in DB Systems},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12, Kyoto.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at J.W.Goethe Un. (Frankfurt, FRG) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bottcher1990, Author ={Bottcher,S.},
Title ={Attribute Inheritance Implemented on Top of a Relational Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at IBM GmbH, FRG Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Bottom1985, Author ={Bottom, Joseph, Bernard,A., and Anderson,Kevin.},
Title ={The Art of Modeling},
Journal ={Datamation, 15.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="140--146",
Volume ="31",
Number ="22",
Annote ={at Touche Ross and Co. (San Francisco CA) survey of IBM PC based DBMS, specifically for application prototyping. Category ={DBDintro.0> } }

@techreport{Bouchon1987, Author ={Bouchon,Bernadette and Yager,Ronald R.(eds)},
Title ={Conference Internationale sur le Traitement d'Information et la Gestion d'Incertitudes dans les Syst\`emes a Base de Connaissances},
Institution ={IPMU, Paris France, Jun-.},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at CNRS (Paris); Iona Coll. (New Rochelle NY) Extended Abstracts of an Uncertainty Conference, most are in English. A.o. papers (copied) by Lowrance,J.D.; Wesley,L.P. (both at SRI); Mellouli,K., Shafer,G., Shenoy,P.P.; Gallant,S.I., Frydenberg,M.; Belvedere,M. et al (ISInf.Bari); Prade,H., Testemale,C.; Ras,Z.W., Zemankova,M.; Oblow,E.M.; Smets,M., Magrez,P.; Clouaire,R.M.; Sabatier,P.C.; Steve,G.; Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb, x } }

@techreport{Boudol1987, Author ={Boudol,G. and Castellani,I.},
Title ={Concurrency and Atomicity},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-748.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Annote ={Procedural concurrency. Category ={DBDintegrity, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bougetta1992, Author ={Bougetta,A. and King,R.},
Title ={Large Multidatabases: Issues and Directions },
Booktitle ={IFIP DS-5, Lorne, Victoria, Australia.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Colorado at Boulder Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bouguettaya1991, Author ={Bouguettaya,A. and Zhao,K.},
Title ={FINDIT: A Server Based Approach to Finding Information in Large Scale},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bouguettaya1993, Author ={Bouguettaya,A., King,R., Galligan,D., and Simmons,J.},
Title ={Implementation of Interoperability in Large Multidatabases},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at University of Colorado Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Boullier1973, Author ={Boullier,P. and Jancene,P.},
Title ={LAMBDA, LAnguage pour la Manipulation d'une Base de Donnees Associative},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR.25.},
Year =1973, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IRIA, Le Chesnay (France) Extension to CPL (PL/1 like) to handle LEAP type associative processing. The direct access space is increased on demand. Category ={DBDquery>+ 3.5+ 4.6 } }

@book{Bourney1963, Author ={Bourney,Charles P.},
Title ={Methods of Information Handling},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY)-BeckerHayes.},
Year =1963, Annote ={at UCB Discuss basic library support systems. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@book{Bouros1985, Author ={Bouros,Michael P.},
Title ={Getting Into VSAM: An Introduction and Technical Reference},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 435pp.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ Also includes descriptions of IBM hardware; VSAM recovery and protection. Category ={DBFimpl.4, QA76.9.V5.B68 } }

@book{Bouros1989, Author ={Bouros,Michael P.},
Title ={Getting Into VSAM: An Introduction and Technical Reference, 2nd edition},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 2nd ed., 464pp.},
Year =1989, Category ={DBFadvindex>} }

@article{Bouwman1983, Author ={Bouwman,Marinus J.},
Title ={Human Diagnostic Reasoning by Computer: An Illustration from Financial Analysis},
Journal ={Management Science, Journal of TIMS.},
Year =1983, Month =Jun,
Pages ="653--672",
Volume ="29",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Un.Oregon Decision-making computer programs that merely provide a final decision and fail to present the supporting argumentation. This article presents an approach basing them on human decision making behavior. Decision making processes of student financial analysts are captured. These traces are analyzed. The models are translated into computer programs. The model appears to perform in a similar manner as the human decision maker. Category ={DBDlang> DBDquery.2> } }

@techreport{Bouzeghoub1970, Author ={Bouzeghoub,Mokrane},
Title ={MORSE: A Functional Query Language and its Semantic Data Model},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, rep. 270.},
Year =1970, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDquery.3, DBfile} }

@incollection{Bouzeghoub1984, Author ={Bouzeghoub,M. and Gardarin.G.},
Title ={The Design of an Expert System for Database Design},
Booktitle ={`New Applications of Databases' Gardarin and Gelenbe(eds), Academic Press (New York NY), .},
Year =1984, Pages ="203--223",
Annote ={at INRIA SECSI uses simple French natural language (7 verbs) dialogue to obtain specs stored in frames. An inference engine creates relation schemas and constraints. From semantic network description of the application a relational schema is generated. Very simple Syntax of statements is used. Internal links are: INFO(object,categ), CONNEC(Obj1,obj2),INTG_CONST( contraint ...) and COMMENT(). There are also 4 classes of RULES: SIMPLIFICATION (for finding 1NF), DEPENDENCY, NORMALIZATION, OPTIMIZATION. Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign> DEng> DBDops.4> DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bouzeghoub1984:1, Author ={Bouzeghoub,M., Gardarin,G., and Matais,E.},
Title ={SECSI: Une Application des Systemes Experts a la Conception des Bases de Donnees Relationnelles},
Booktitle ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique Bul., in french.},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Number ="97",
Annote ={at INRIA Category ={DBDops.4> DBDkb, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Bouzeghoub1991, Author ={Bouzeghoub,M. and Metais,E.},
Title ={Semantic Modelling of Object Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ MORSE tool implements a design methodology based on a semantic network; methods generated are integrity, add, delete, fetch; MORSE can also generate relational schemas Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Bowen1991, Author ={Bowen,T., Gopal,G., Herman,G., Lee,K., and Mansfield,W.},
Title ={Achieving Throughput and Functionality in a Common Architecture: The Datacycle Experiment},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={unknown>} }

@unpublished{Bowie1979, Author ={Bowie,J. and Kerlin,D.},
Title ={A multi-clinic implementation of Costar V},
Note ={?},
Year =1979, Annote ={at MITRE Category ={MIS, DBfile} }

@article{Boyce1973, Author ={Boyce,R.F., Chamberlin,D.D., King,W.F. III, and Hammer,M.M.},
Title ={Specifying Queries as Relational Expressions: SQUARE},
Journal ={IBM, San Jose Res.R. RJ1291.},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Category ={DBDrel, xC@inproceedings{Boyce1974, Author ={Boyce,R.F. and Chamberlin,D.D.},
Title ={SEQUEL: A Structured English Query Language},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1974, Month =May,
Pages ="249--264",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@techreport{Boyce1973:1, Author ={Boyce,R.F. and Chamberlin,D.D.},
Title ={Using a Structured English Query Language as a Data Definition Facility},
Institution ={Res.R. RJ1318, IBM Res., San Jose.},
Year =1973, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ A data definition language that allows specification of relational structures, to work with a SEQUEL inquiry system. Category ={DBDrel.2, xC, CSD 005089, DBfile } }

@article{Boyd1963, Author ={Boyd,H.S. and Krasnow,D.F.},
Title ={Economic Evaluation of Management Information Systems},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1963, Month Mar,
Pages ="2--23",
Annote ={ Model of information flow in a large manufacturing system. Category ={DBFeval> } }

@article{Boyd1978, Author ={Boyd,D.L.},
Title ={Implementing Mass Storage Facilities in Operating Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1978, Month =Feb,
Pages ="40--45",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFhard.1.4>} }

@article{Boyd1963:1, Author ={Boyd,D.F. and Krasnow,H.S.},
Title ={Economic Evaluation of Management Information Systems},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal,},
Year =1963, Month Mar,
Pages ="2--23",
Annote ={ Model of information flow in a large manufacturing system. Category ={DBFuse-2> } }

@article{Bozman1989, Author ={Bozman,Gerald P.},
Title ={VM/XA SP2 Minidisk Cache},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1989, Pages ="165--174",
Volume ="28",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Bracchi1970, Author ={Bracchi,G., Ferrari,D., and Somalvica,M.},
Title ={A Multilevel Data Structure for Complex Hierarchies of Interrelated Data},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Houston TX.},
Year =1970, Pages ="246--275",
Category ={DBFtrees.5>} }

@article{Bracchi1974, Author ={Bracchi,G., Fedeli,A., and Paolini,P.},
Title ={A Relational Data Base Management System},
Journal ={Klimbie74 and Koffeman (IFIP TC-2).},
Year =1974, Annote ={at Polit.Milano Description of a data base manipulation system to be built from modules (MORIS) and a related Information Retrieval System (COLARD). Category ={DBDrel> DBDquery> DBFstorage>%Bracchi 72 } }

@inproceedings{Bracchi1972, Author ={Bracchi,G., Fedili,A., and Paolini,P.},
Title ={A Language for a Relational Data Base Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc.Sixth Ann. Princeton Conf. on Inf. Sciences and Systems,},
Year =1972, Annote ={ at Polit.Milano, Inst.Electtrotecnica e Elettronics (Milano, Italy) Category ={DBDschema.1, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Bracchi1975, Author ={Bracchi,G., Paolini,P., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Data Independent Descriptions and the DDL Specifications},
Booktitle ={Data Base Description, Douque and Nijssen(eds), N-H (IFIP TC-2).},
Year =1975, Annote ={Critique of the CODASYL DBTG DDL Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Bracchi1976, Author ={Bracchi,G., Paolini,P., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Binary Logical Associations in Data Modelling},
Booktitle ={Modelling in Data Base Management Systems, Nijssen(ed).},
Year =1976, Annote ={ A paper usually referred to when people discuss binary data models. However, the main theme of the paper is the necessity of giving the Enterprise Administrator as much as flexibility as possible in designing the Conceptual Schema, to suit the needs of various users. Emphasizes problems of 'logical consistency' (mapping of external schema to conceptual schema --- queries and updates), and 'physical consistency' (mapping of conceptual schema to internal schema). Points out the limitations of the network and relational models in this respect. Puts forward 'Binary Logical Associations'as a better model for Conceptual Schema design. Tries to show by examples that it is the most suitable. Not too well written, especially section II. One needs to keep in mind the key ideas given above, and see how the authors substantiate their positions. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@book{Bracchi1978, Author ={Bracchi,G. and Lockeman,P.C.(eds)},
Title ={Information Systems Methodology},
Publisher ={LNCS, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 696pp.},
Year =1978, Volume ="65",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@book{Bracchi1979, Author ={Bracchi,G. and Nijssen,G.M.(eds)},
Title ={Data Base Architecture},
Publisher ={N-H .},
Year =1979, Annote ={ Proc.of IFIP TC-2 Working Group Conf.(No.5), Venice, 26 Jun.1979, 342pp. Contributors: G.Gardarin, M.Jouve, S.A.Mahmoud, R.Munz, G.Pelagatti, J.S.Riodan, F.A.Schreiber, K.C.Toth. Integrity Contributors: C.Bachman, G.Colliat, D.B.Lomet, J.S.Nauman. Recovery Contributors: T.Harder, A.Reuter, G.Schlageter, J.S.M.Verhofstad Multilevel Architectures of Database Systems Contributors: F.Bancilhon, L.I.Mercz, C.Zaniolo. Database Languages Contributors: T.Amble, K.Bratbergsengen, B.Breutmann, E.Falkenberg, R.Mauer, O.Risnes. Models for Conceptual Schema Contributors: H.Biller, R.K.Stamper, Y.Tanaka. Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDintro> } }

@inproceedings{Bracchi1983, Author ={Bracchi,G. and Pernici,B.},
Title ={SOS: A Conceptual Model for Office Information System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Database Week, San Jose, May .},
Year =1983, Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Bracchi1983:1, Author ={Bracchi,G. and Pernici,B.},
Title ={Methodologies and Models for Office Information Systems and Conceptual Design},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, Dep.Elettronica Res.R..},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Category ={DBDmodel.0, Pernici file} }

@article{Bracchi1985, Author ={Bracchi,G. and Pernici,B.},
Title ={The Design Requirements of Office Systems},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Office Automation Systems.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Pages ="151--170",
Volume ="2",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBappl, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Bracha1983, Author ={Bracha,G. and Toueg,S.},
Title ={Resilient Consensus Protcols},
Booktitle ={Symp.on Principles of Distributed Systems, Montreal.},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Pages ="12--26",
Annote ={at Cornell Un. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Brachman1980, Author ={Brachman,R.J. and Smith,B.C.(eds)},
Title ={Special Issue on Knowledge Representation},
Journal ={SIGART Newsletter(70).},
Year =1980, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@incollection{Brachman1981, Author ={Brachman,R.J. and Israel,D.J.},
Title ={KL-ONE Overview and Philosophy},
Booktitle ={Woods(ed) `Research in Knowledge Representation for Natural Language Understanding'.},
Year =1981, Pages ="5--26",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Brachman1983, Author ={Brachman,R.J., Fikes,R.E., and Levesque,H.J.},
Title ={KRYPTON: A Functional Approach to Knowledge Representation},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Pages ="67--73",
Volume ="16",
Number ="10",
Annote ={ Definitional knowledge -- terms Tbox, Abox is for data -- assertions. Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.3.3> } }

@article{Brachman1983:1, Author ={Brachman,Ron},
Title ={What Is-A Is and Isn't: An Analysis of Taxonomic Links in Semantic Networks},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Volume ="16",
Number ="10",
Annote ={ discusses several different meanings of Is-A in the literature. ---Xiaolei Category ={DBDkb> } }

@incollection{Brachman1984, Author ={Brachman,R.J., Levesque,H., and Patel-Schneider,P.F.},
Title ={What makes a Knowledge Base Knowledgeable? A view of Databases from the Knowledge Level},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at Fairchild, Lab.for AI Research (Palo Alto CA) Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Brachman1985, Author ={Brachman,R.},
Title ={`I lied about the Trees' or, Defaults and Definitions in Knowledge Representation},
Journal ={AI Magazine, Fall.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ the need of definitional capability in frame representation systems. Frames repesenting PROTOTYPE concept (such as TYPICAL mammal), as opposed to definitional concept, allos representation of exceptions by cancellation of attributes and/or overriding of default attribute values in inheritance mechanism. However, with this prototype capability alone, we cannot express exceptionless universally quantified statements like `Every Four_Legged_Mammal has the attribute 'Number_of_legs' and its value of 4', since the attribute 'Number_of_legs' can be cancelled(disappear) or the value of 4 be overridden in more specialized frames down from the frame Four_Legged_Mammal. To augment the prototype representation capability with definitional one, we should be able to declare SACREDNESS (as opposed to cancellable or overridable) on attribute and/or its value. Four types of slots are conceivable according to the degree of sacredness : I. Sacred attribute and sacred attribute value (to express `Every Four_Legged_Mammal has the attribute 'Number_Of_Legs' and its value of 4') II. Sacred attribute and overridable default value (Once the attribute in parent frame is inherited to child frame without cancellation, the value specified in the parent frame should be inherited, too.) IV. Cancellable attribute and overridable default value. Recognition of different types of slot gives the different degree of belief by interpreter. Inheritance Constraint : In inheriting attribute from parent frame to child frame, cancellable attribute may be inherited cancellable or converted to sacred attribute. The same for inheritance of the attribute value: The overridable default value may be inherited as overridable default value or converted to sacred value. However, the sacred attribute or attribute value should be inherited sacred in child frame. In addition to giving the different degrees of belief in interpretation, recognition of different types of slots and imposing inheritance constraint also helps the process of structuring and maintenance of knowledge easier. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Brachman1985:1, Author ={Brachman,R.J. and Schmolze,J.G.},
Title ={An Overview of the KL-ONE Knowledge Representation Scheme},
Journal ={Cognitive Science, vol.9 no.2.},
Year =1985, Pages ="322--346",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Brackett1986, Author ={Brackett,Michael H.},
Title ={Developing Data Structured Databases},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 226pp.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBDkb> dated and dull --- A.Berztiss. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@book{Brackett1990, Author ={Brackett,Michael H.},
Title ={Practical Data Design},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 592pp.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Bradburn1987, Author ={Bradburn,N.M. Rips,L.J., and Shevell,S.K.},
Title ={Answering Autobiographical Questions: The Impact of Memory and Inference on Surveys},
Journal ={Science, 10 ,},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Pages ="157--161",
Volume ="236",
Number ="4798",
Annote ={ may be relevant to research on knowledge acquisition from experts. Gio Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Bradley1978, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={Operations in Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Berlin FRG.},
Year =1978, Annote ={ a process entity class incorporates the time dimension. Temporal extension of CODASYL. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@article{Bradley1978:1, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={An Extended Owner-Coupled Set Data Model and Predicate Calculus for Database Management},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1978, Month =Dec,
Pages ="385--416",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Bradley1981, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={Application of A User-Friendliness Measure to The SQL and EOS Data Base Retrieval},
Booktitle ={Proc.Canadian Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf Society Conf., Waterloo Ontario.},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="921-927",
Annote ={at Un.Calgary (Canada) Category ={DBDquery.2> DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Bradley1982, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={SQL/N: A Natural Quantifier Extension to SQL},
Booktitle ={rcvd. .},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDrel.2.3, DBfile} }

@article{Bradley1982:1, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={The Elusive Relation},
Journal ={Computer World, `In Depth'.},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Pages ="1--16",
Category ={DBDtheory.2, from WICS class, DBfile} }

@article{Bradley1983, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Application of SQL/N to the Attribute-relation Associations Implicit in Functional Dependencies},
Journal ={IJConference on Information Systems, sponsored by SMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS, TInternational Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems, ACM SIGBDP.},
Year =1983, Pages ="65--86",
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at U.Calgary, Canada Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery.2, DBfile } }

@article{Bradley1987, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Relationship Relations and Natural Quantification in Relational Databases},
Journal ={rcvd .},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Bradley1985, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Use of Mean Distance between Overflow Records to Compute Average Search Lengths in Hash files with Open Adressing},
Journal ={to appear in Computer Journal.},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile} }

@techreport{Bradley1985:1, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Application of SQL/N and Association Modes to Data Bases Containing Recursive Associations},
Institution ={Un.Calgary, DCS, TR.8520215.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery.2, DBfile} }

@article{Bradley1988, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={A Group-Select Operation for Relational Algebra and Implications for Database Machine Design},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Pages ="126--129",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Calgary The quantity of tuples for the operation is specified. Category ={DBDops> DBFmach> DBDrel, DBfile } }

@article{Bradley1986, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={Join Dependencies in Relational Data Bases and the Geometry of Spatial Grids},
Journal ={Computer J., pp.388.},
Year =1986, Volume ="29",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{Bradley1987:1, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Polygon Join Dependencies, Closed Co-Relationship Chains and the Connection Trap in Relational Databases},
Journal ={Accepted by Computer J.. Fall .},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Un.Calgary connections where neither field is a ruling part Category ={DBDtheory> DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@article{Bradley1987:2, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={A Fundamental Classification of Relationships in Relational Data Bases},
Journal ={rcvd .},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@book{Bradley1987:3, Author ={Bradley,James},
Title ={Introduction to Database Management in Business},
Publisher ={CBS College Publ., 2nd ed., 669pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8803-0157.},
Year =1987, Annote ={ Good choice for a senior-level college course in Database Management in a DPMA or an ACM curriculum. SQL is on-line series and using COBOL as a host. IDMS/R is used to illustrate CODASYL DBTG. INTELLECT is presented. A relational form without modification anomalies. A hierarchical normal-form classification scheme. Advocates attaining fourth normal form. ---D.Mitchell. Category ={DBDintro> } }

@article{Bradley1988:1, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={Co-relationships, levels of Significance, and the Source of the Connection Trap in Relational Data Bases},
Journal ={rcvd .},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Bradley1988:2, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={A Group-Select Operation for Relational Algebra and Implications for Database Machine Design},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), to appear .},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDops, DBfile} }

@book{Bradley1988:3, Author ={Bradley,J.},
Title ={Business File Processing},
Publisher ={Mitchell Publ. Inc. (Santa Cruz CA), 400pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8810-0748.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ File processing using COBOL, ISAM, VSAM, CICS and SQL. Lacks generality. Wiederhold's book is substantially better. ---Babilonia. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@article{Bradshaw1983, Author ={Bradshaw,G.F., Langley,P.W., and Simon,H.A.},
Title ={Studying Scientific Discovery by Computer Simulation},
Journal ={Science.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Pages ="971--987",
Volume ="222",
Number ="4627",
Annote ={at CMU Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Braegger1985, Author ={Braegger,R.P., Dudler,A.M., Rebsamen,J., and Zehnder,C.A.},
Title ={GAMBIT: An Interactive Database Design Tool for Data Structures, Integrity Constraints, and Transactions},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-11 .},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Pages ="574--583",
Number ="7",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Braegger1987, Author ={Braegger, Richard P.},
Title ={Wissensbasierte Werkzeuge fur den Datenbank-Entwurf in German},
Institution ={PhD Th., ETH Zurich, TR.no.1.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Knowledge-based tools for database design. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDkb, PhD shelf } }

@article{Brainerd1978, Author ={Brainerd,W.(ed)},
Title ={FORTRAN 77},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1978, Month =Oct,
Pages ="806--820",
Volume ="21",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Burroughs I-O and OPEN statements. Category ={DBFhybrid.1> } }

@book{Braithwaite1985, Author ={Braithwaite,Ken S.},
Title ={Data Administration: Selected Topics of Data Control},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 220pp; ACM Computing Reviews 8511-1007.},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Un.Alberta Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@book{Braithwaite1988, Author ={Braithwaite,Ken.S.},
Title ={Analysis, design, and implementation of data dictionaries},
Publisher ={McGrawHill, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8809-0665.},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@book{Braithwaite1990, Author ={Braithwaite,Ken S.},
Title ={Database Environment},
Publisher ={Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., 274pp.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ Data Administration, Data Dictionary, Business Systems Planning, Security Controls, Disaster Recovery Category ={DBDadmin> } }

@book{Braithwaite1989, Author ={Braithwaite,Ken S.},
Title ={Systems Design in a Database Environment},
Publisher ={Intertext-McGrawHill, 308pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9211-0849.},
Year =1989, Annote ={ businesspersons's perspective; pictorial techniques Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Brahmadathan1989, Author ={Brahmadathan,K. and Ramarao,K.V.S.},
Title ={Read-Only Transactions in Partitioned Replicated Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFdist>} }

@inproceedings{Brajnik1986, Author ={Brajnik,G., Guida,G., and Tasso,C.},
Title ={Design and Experimentation of IR-NLI: an Intelligent User Interface to Bibliographic Databases},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1,},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Udine (Italy) Category ={DBDquery>} }

@book{Bramer1985, Author ={Bramer and Bramer},
Title ={The Fifth Generation: an annotated Bibliography},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDkb, Z5640.B73} }

@article{Brandejs1983, Author ={Brandejs,Jan F.},
Title ={Phoenix- Oracle-Based Hospital Decision Support System},
Journal ={International Oracle Users Group Conference.},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at NRC (Canada) Category ={MIS>} }

@techreport{Brandt1988, Author ={Brandt,J., Damgard,I.B., and Landrock,P.},
Title ={Anonymous and Verifiable Registration in Databases},
Institution ={TR-DArtificial Intelligence in MedicineI PB-249.},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Annote ={at Aarhus Un., CSD, Denmark Privacy protection of identifiers by encryption Category ={DBFrepresent, DBfile } }

@article{Brandwain1981, Author ={Brandwain,Alexandre},
Title ={Models of DASD Subsystems: Basic Model of Reconnection},
Journal ={Perform. Eval..},
Year =1981, Month =Nov,
Pages ="23--281",
Volume ="1",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Amdahl Corp, Sunnyvale,CA The treatment is based on reconnection with a single blocking point, so that the delay due to missed reconnections can be handled fairly accurately. Other assumptions of the model include: 1) all I/O requests are statistically identical; 2) the dependence of the seek time on the number of I/O requests is not taken into consideration; 3) those I/O requests which find the I/O path busy are not expected to be reissued by the CPU; 4) after a reconnection is established, the time spent for searching the data-identifier key is treated as part of the transfer time; and 5) in the normal cases the transfer times are represented by random variables with an exponential distribution. Category ={DBFmethods.2> DBFmethods.5> DBDdist> } }

@article{Brandwajn1983, Author ={Brandwajn,A.},
Title ={Models of DASD Subsystems with Multiple Access Paths: A throughput-Driven Approach},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-32 .},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="451--463",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Amdahl Corp. Category ={DBFstorage-3> DBFsyseval.4>} }

@article{Branstan1973, Author ={Branstan,D.K.},
Title ={Privacy and Protection in Operating Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Computer,},
Year =1973, Month =Jan,
Pages ="43--46",
Annote ={at National Security Agency A short report on a workshop on privacy and protection held in Princeton (NJ), Jun.1972. Category ={DBDprivacy.1> } }

@inproceedings{Brant1991, Author ={Brant,D.A., Grose,T., Lofaso,B., and Miranker,D.P.},
Title ={Effects of Database Size on Rule System Performance: Five Case Studies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ compare two systems: TREAT and LEAPS, a lazy machine algorithm; lazy improves performance Category ={DBDkb> DBDperf> } }

@inproceedings{Brant1993, Author ={Brant,D. and Miranker,D.},
Title ={Index Support for Rule Activation},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Brantley1984, Author ={Brantley,Jr,B. Alton},
Title ={Issues Concerning Practical Applications of Expert Database Systems in Medicine},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Duke Un., Medical Ctr Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Bratsberg1990, Author ={Bratsberg,S.},
Title ={FOOD: Supporting explicit relations in a Fully Object-Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at The Norwegian Inst.of Technology Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Bratsberg1992, Author ={Bratsberg,S.E.},
Title ={Unified Class Evolution by Object-Oriented Views},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .11, Karlsruhe.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Bratbergsengen1984, Author ={Bratbergsengen,K.},
Title ={Hashing Methods and Relational Algebra Operations},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 10, Singapore.},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Pages ="323--333",
Category ={DBDrel>} }

@inproceedings{Bratbergsengen1989, Author ={Bratbergsengen,K. and Gjelsvik,T.},
Title ={The Development of the CROSS8 and HC16-186 Parallel (Database) Computers},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at The Norwegian Inst.of Technology, Norway Category ={DBFmach> } }

@book{Brathwaite1988, Author ={Brathwaite,Ken S.},
Title ={Analysis, Design and Implementation of Data Dictionaries},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 214pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8809-0665.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ at Un.Alberta and Software Design Assoc. (Union NJ) Users should construct their own in-house dictionary system. This premise is not convincing. --W.McGee. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@techreport{Brauner1984, Author ={Brauner,K. and Briggs,D.},
Title ={The Second Draft Report of the Ad hoc Committee on the Contents and Methodology of the IGES Version 3},
Institution ={Boeing Memo CAT-4734, 72pp.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Boeing Airplane Co. The Second PDES Report: Graphics Excange Specification suitable for CAD/CAM. Category ={EIS> Image, DBfile } }

@article{Bray1976, Author ={Bray,O.H.},
Title ={Distributed data base design considerations},
Journal ={Trends and Applications: Computer Networks; IEEE CS,},
Year =1976, Pages ="162--169",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@book{Bray1982, Author ={Bray,Olin H.},
Title ={Distributed Database Management Systems},
Publisher ={, 176pp.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDdist, QA76.9.D3B712.} }

@article{BreazuTannen1991, Author ={BreazuTannen,V., Buneman, P., and Ohori,A.},
Title ={Data Structures and Data Types for Object-Oriented Databases},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{BreazuTannen1992, Author ={BreazuTannen,V., Buneman,P., and Wong,L.},
Title ={Naturally Embedded Query Languages},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@techreport{Breiman1984, Author ={Breiman,L., Friedman,J.H., Olshen,R.A. and Stone,C.J.},
Title ={Classification and Regression Trees},
Institution ={Wadsworth International, Monterey, CA .},
Year =1984, Annote ={cart algorithm Category ={DBFmethods>} }

@inproceedings{Breitbart1984, Author ={Breitbart,Y.J. and Tieman,L.R.},
Title ={ADDS --- Heterogeneous Distributed Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Seminar on Distributed Data Sharing Systems 3, Schreiber,Litwin(eds), Parma, Italy, N-H, 1985.},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Pages ="7--24",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Breitbart1986, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Olson,P.L., and Thompson,G.R.},
Title ={Database Integration in a Distributed Heterogeneous Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={experience at AMOCO Category ={DBDdesign.5> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Breitbart1987, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Silberschatz,A., and Thompson,G.},
Title ={An Update Mechanism for Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="12--18",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Kentucky, CSD FAUVE federated. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Breitbart1988, Author ={Breitbart,Y. and Silberschatz,A.},
Title ={Multidatabase update issues},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data, pp 135--142.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Breitbart1988:1, Author ={Breitbart,Y. and Silberschatz,A.},
Title ={Multidatabase Systems with a Decentralized Concurrency Control Scheme},
Journal ={IEEE CS Dist.Processing TC Newsletter.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Pages ="35--41",
Volume ="10",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Kentucky, DCS FAUVE. Locks are released by a global transaction only after that transaction completes its execution at each local site. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@incollection{Breitbart1989, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Silberschatz,A., and Thompson,G.R.},
Title ={Transactions managements issues in autonomous heterogeneous DBMS},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ Proof of correctness of independent global control under several assumptions - no failure, global serial operation. Category ={DBDtrans> DBDdist> } }

@incollection{Breitbart1989:1, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Morales,H., Silberschatz,A., and Thompson,G.R.},
Title ={Multidatabase performance evaluation},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ Federated concurrency cost of Ries 77 and Breitbart 89. Category ={DBDdist> DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{Breitbart1990, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Silberschatz,A., and Thompson,G.R.},
Title ={Reliable Transaction Management in a Multidatabase System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Kentucky Fauve, requires new prepare command, another partial solution for federated systems. Does not handle network partition. Recovery procedures that retain global database consistency. Partition data into local and globally updatable items, also read restriction. Category ={DBDtrans> DBDdist> } }

@unpublished{Breitbart1990:1, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Georgakopoulos,D., Rusinkiewicz,M., and Silberschatz,A.},
Title ={Rigorous Scheduling in Multidatabase Transactions},
Note ={Workshop in Multidatabases and Semantic Interoperability, Tulsa.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ rigorous requires strictness and analogous execution and serialization order in all sites, and makes guarantees in federated databases possible; 2PL and conservative timestamp algorithms can satisfy rigorousness strictness means that no data item may be read or written until the transactions that previously wrote it, commit or abort Category ={DBDdist> DBDconc> } }

@techreport{Breitbart1990:2, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Garcia-Molina,H., Litwin,W., et al.},
Title ={Final Report of the Workshop on Multidatabases and Semantic Interoperability },
Institution ={Cosi Workshop, Tulsa,OK.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Breitbart1992, Author ={Breitbart,Y., Silberschatz,A., and Thompson,G.},
Title ={An Approach to Recovery Management in a Multidatabase System},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) J.},
Year =1992, Month =Jul,
Volume ="1",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ local transactions to execute outside the multidatabase system control; schema based on local database systems use of two-phase locking; can provide local transaction atomicity and freedom from global deadlocks Category ={DBDtrans> DBDreliab> } }

@inproceedings{Breiteneder1990, Author ={Breiteneder,C. and Mueck,T.},
Title ={Performing Logical Database Design Using and E-R Graph Rewriting System},
Booktitle ={Parbase-90, Miami Beach.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Vienna generate relational schemas Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@techreport{Brennan1969, Author ={Brennan,J.F.},
Title ={The Self Repairing Computer},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R.,},
Year =1969, Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Introduction to error correction techniques. Category ={DBDtrans.3, xB11> } }

@inproceedings{Brenner1967, Author ={Brenner,H.},
Title ={On Designing Generalized File Records for Management Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS ,},
Year =1967, Pages ="291--304",
Volume ="31",
Category ={DBDschema>%Brenner67} }

@techreport{Brenner1978, Author ={Brenner,J.B.},
Title ={A General Model for Integrity Control},
Institution ={ICL Technical Journal, issue 1.},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Pages ="71--89",
Annote ={at ICL Product Development Group (Manchester) projection of integrity control of ICL 2900 IDMS to distributed systems. Category ={DBDintegrity.3> } }

@article{Bretholz1985, Author ={Bretholz,E. and Rotem,D.},
Title ={Data base design with th constrained multiple attribute tree},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8605-??.},
Year =1985, Pages ="47--56",
Volume ="10",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo (Canada) minimum average number of pages per query satisfying the storage constraint. Assumptions: independent assumption, proportionality assumption. ---Kriegel. Category ={DBDdesign> DBFtree, xissue } }

@article{Breutmann1979, Author ={Breutmann,B., Falkenberg,E.F., and Mauer,R.},
Title ={CSL: A Language of Defining Conceptual Schemas},
Journal ={Proc. IFIP WC on Data Base Architecture, N-H.},
Year =1979, Category ={DBDschema.1>} }

@article{Brewer1968, Author ={Brewer,Susan},
Title ={Data Base or Data Maze --- An Exploration of Entry Points},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1968, Pages ="623--630",
Annote ={at General Electric (Phoenix) Simple review of file organization methods. Category ={DBFseq.0> } }

@inproceedings{Briandais1959, Author ={Briandais,Renee de la},
Title ={File Searching Using Variable Length Keys},
Booktitle ={Proc. WJCC, AFIPS.},
Year =1959, Pages ="295--298",
Volume ="15",
Annote ={ Description of 'trie' structures, branching based on character values implemented on a drum computer for a FORTRAN compiler. Category ={DBFimpl.2.7> } }

@techreport{Brictson1967, Author ={Brictson,R.C.},
Title ={Some Thoughts on the Social Implications of Computers and Privacy},
Institution ={SP 2953, SDC.},
Year =1967, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at SDC Category ={DBDprivacy.0>} }

@techreport{Briggs, Author ={Briggs,David A.},
Title ={A Reconsideration of the Termination Conditions of the Henschen-Naqvi Technique},
Institution ={U.Mass, COINS, TR-87-11.},
Annote ={at U.Massachusetts, Amherst Gives an example database (containing cyclic relations) and query on which the algorithm given in Henschen and Naqvi's January 1984 JACM paper terminates before all answers have been produced. Also describes a condition sufficient to guarantee that all answers have been produced. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Briggs1990, Author ={Briggs,David A.},
Title ={A Correction of the Termination Conditions of the Henschen-Naqvi Technique},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.S.Maine Datalog database, it in some cases fails to produce all answers on recursively defined relations; the cause of failure is noted and a correction is described Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@article{Briggs1982, Author ={Briggs,Faye A., Hwang,Kai, and Wah,Benjamin W.},
Title ={PUMPS Architecture for Pattern Analysis and Image Database Management},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers. Vol.C-31 .},
Year =1982, Month =Oct,
Pages ="969-982",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Rice Un.; Purdue Un. Category ={DBappl> Image>} }

@inproceedings{Brill1984, Author ={Brill,D., and Templeton,M.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of Distributed Query Processing Strategies in Mermaid},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at SDC} }

@inproceedings{Bright1976, Author ={Bright,H.S. and Enisa,R.L.},
Title ={Cryptography using Modular Software Elements},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1976, Pages ="113--123",
Volume ="45",
Annote ={random number driven keys Category ={DBFrepresent-5.3>} }

@inproceedings{Bright1991, Author ={Bright,M. and Hurson,A.},
Title ={Linguistic Support for Semantic Identification and Interpretation in Multidatabases},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{BrinchHansen1972, Author ={BrinchHansen,Per},
Title ={A Comparison of Two Synchronizing Concepts},
Journal ={Acta Informatica, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) Verlag .},
Year =1972, Month =Feb,
Pages ="190--199",
Volume ="1",
Number ="3",
Annote ={Monitors versus semaphores. See also comment in Acta Inf., Vol.1 No.4 by Courtois,P.J., Heymans,F., and Parnas,D.L. Also, reply to Acta Inf., Vol.2 No.2, pp.189--190, Aug.1973 Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@book{BrinchHansen1973, Author ={BrinchHansen,Per},
Title ={Operating System Principles},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 366pp.},
Year =1973, Annote ={ Includes material from earlier papers; some allocation and queuing. Category ={DBFintro> DBFtechn.4> DBFtechn.5> %Brinch Hansen73 } }

@article{BrinchHansen1973:1, Author ={BrinchHansen,Per},
Title ={Concurrent Programming Concepts},
Journal ={ACM Computing Surveys,},
Year =1973, Month =Dec,
Pages ="223--245",
Volume ="5",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at CalTech (Pasadena CA) Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Brinkhoff1993, Author ={Brinkhoff,T., Kriegel,H., and Schneider,R.},
Title ={Comparison of Approximations of Complex Objects used for Approximation-based Query Processing in Spatial Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Munich Category ={DBDquery} }

@manual{British1977, Author ={British Computer Society},
Title ={Report of Data Dictionary Systems Working Party},
Organization ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record, pp.24.},
Year =1977, Volume ="9",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDschema.1> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Britton1990, Author ={Britton,Chris},
Title ={Database design problems with object-oriented databases},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Unisys problems and fixes in object-oriented design Category ={DBDobject> } }

@techreport{Britts1986, Author ={Britts,Stephan},
Title ={Dialog Management in Interactive Systems: A Comparative Survey},
Institution ={Un.Stockholm, Syslab Report .},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Number ="45",
Annote ={at Syslab Category ={DBDlang, DBfile Syslab} }

@techreport{Britts1986:1, Author ={Britts,S. and Ahlsen,M.},
Title ={An Architecture for Dialog Management in Opal},
Institution ={Syslab Rep. 43.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Syslab Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile Syslab} }

@article{Brodetskiy1985, Author ={Brodetskiy,G.L. and Shchetinin,I.Ye.},
Title ={Selection of Optimal Period for Storage of Information with Random Interruptions of a Computational Process},
Journal ={Doklady Akademii nauk Ukrainskoy SSR, Seriya A Fiziko-mathematicheskiye i tekhnicheskiye nauki.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="62--65",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Kiev Constr. Engrg. Inst. Optimal backup period given random memory failure, including error effects of interrupts. Category ={DBDrel, FASAC 21 } }

@techreport{Brodie1978, Author ={Brodie,Michael L.},
Title ={Specification and Verification of Data Base Semantic Integrity},
Institution ={PhD Th., Un.Toronto, TR.CSRG-91.},
Year =1978, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Toronto Data typing and relationship mapping. A schema language, BETA, to express the constraints, including universal and existential quantitative assertations. Some notes on schema design. Category ={DBDschema.2> DBDdesign> DBDintegrity.2> } }

@inproceedings{Brodie1980, Author ={Brodie,M.L.},
Title ={Data Abstraction, Databases and Conceptual Modelling},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds).},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="105--108",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland, DCS Motivations and objectives for the High Level Abstraction Workshop, Jun.1980 at Pingree Park, and summarizes the discussions on Artificial Intelligence, Databases, and Programming Languages. Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDkb> DBDdesign> } }

@book{Brodie1980:1, Author ={Brodie,M.L.},
Title ={Data Abstraction, Databases, and Conceptual Modelling: An Annotated Bibliography},
Publisher ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). Special Publication 500-59.},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Annote ={ The bibliography contains entries for over 350 books, articles, and papers. Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign, Ref. shelf Marine Road } }

@techreport{Brodie1981, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Zilles,S.N.(eds)},
Title ={Proc.Workshop on Data Abstraction, Databases and Conceptual Modelling},
Institution ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record, also ACM-SIGART Newsletter No.24, ACM-SIGPLAN Notices Vol.16 No.1, ACM order No.47800, 211pp.},
Year =1981, Month =Feb,
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland, College Park (MD); IBM, San Jose Proc.of the workshop on data abstraction and modeling, held 23-26 Jun.1980 at Pingree Park CO. Many tutorials. An effort is made to define terms throughout, but the models used remain quite inconsistent. Category ={DBDmodel.0> } }

@article{Brodie1981:1, Author ={Brodie,M.L.},
Title ={On Modelling Behavioural Semantics of Databases},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7.},
Year =1981, Pages ="32--43",
Category ={DBDops.4> DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Brodie1981:2, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Schmidt,J.W.(eds)},
Title ={Final Report of the ANSI/X3/SPARC DBS-SG Relational Database Task Group},
Booktitle ={Doc. No.SPARC-81-690, available from Nat.Technical Information Service, US Dep.Commerce (Springfield VA).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ recommends that a functional standard should be developed. includes survey of relational systems: IDM, INGRES, MRDS, MRS, NOMAD, ORACLE, PASCAL/R, PRTV, RAPPORT, SYSTEM R (SQL), QBE, RAPID and cites a total of 60. Many references. Category ={DBDtheory.2> DBDintro.1> } }

@inproceedings{Brodie1982, Author ={Brodie,M.L., Bjorner,D., Buneman,P., Dosch,W., and Furtado,A.},
Title ={Type Specification and Databases: Topic Outline for a Panel},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 8.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDschema.2, DBfile} }

@article{Brodie1983, Author ={Brodie,Michael L.},
Title ={Research Issues in Database Specification},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1983, Month Apr,
Pages ="42--45",
Volume ="13",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDmodel.0>} }

@book{Brodie1984, Author ={Brodie,M.L., Mylopoulos,J. and Schmidt,J.},
Title ={Perspectives in Conceptual Modelling},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), in press .},
Year =1984, Annote ={ Contains papers derived from Pingree conference on Conceptual Modeling: Perspectives from Artificial Intelligence, Databases,and Programming Languages. Levesque,H. .... Category ={DBDmodel.0> DBDkb> } }

@incollection{Brodie1984:1, Author ={Brodie,M. and Jarke,M.},
Title ={On Integrating Logic Programming and Databases},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at CCA and New York Un., Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Brodie1984:2, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Ridjanovic,D.},
Title ={A Strict Database Transaction Design Methodology},
Institution ={report .},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at CCA; Un.Minnesota Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBDtrans.4, DBfile } }

@techreport{Brodie1984:3, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Ridjanovic,D.},
Title ={Fundamental Concepts for Semantic Modelling of Objects},
Institution ={report .},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ 'Extended Semantic Hierarchy Model' (SHM+) for structural and operational properties. Starting with a small number of primitives, precisely defined constructors are used to design object and operation hierarchies. Category ={DBDobject> DBDmodel.0> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@techreport{Brodie1984:4, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Ridjanovic,D.},
Title ={Functional Specification and Verification of Database Transactions},
Institution ={report .},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDmodel.0> DBDtrans.4, DBfile} }

@book{Brodie1986, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Mylopoulos,J.},
Title ={On Knowledge Base Management Systems, Integrating Artificial Intelligence and Database Technologies},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={Proc. of 1985 Islamorada Workshop. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Brodie1989, Author ={Brodie,M.L., Bobrow,D., Lesser,V., Madnick,S., Tsichritzis,D. and Hewitt,C},
Title ={Future Artificial Intelligence Requirements for Intelligent Database Systems},
Journal ={to appear in Conference on Expert Database Systems Proc. 2nd Conf., Benjamin/Cummings Publishers (ed),},
Year =1989, Annote ={at GTE Labs Inc. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@incollection{Brodie1990, Author ={Brodie, M.L. et al.},
Title ={Next Generation Database Management Systems Technology},
Booktitle ={in Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases, W. Kim, J-M Nicolas, S. Nishio, (eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers.},
Year =1990, Annote = {} }

@inproceedings{Brodie1991, Author ={Brodie,M.},
Title ={Distributed Object Management Research},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Second Telecommunications Information Networking Architecture (TINA) Workshop, pp. 297-303, Chantilly, France.},
Year =1991, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Brodie1991:1, Author ={Brodie,M. and Hornick,M.},
Title ={An Interoperability Development Environment For Intelligent Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Int. Workshop on the Development of Intelligent Inf.Systems.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Brodie1992, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Mylopoulos,J.},
Title ={Artificial Intelligence and Databases: Dawn, Midday, or Sunset?},
Journal ={Canadian Information ProcessingInformatique Canadienne, Aug..},
Year =1992, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Brodie1992:1, Author ={Brodie,M.L.},
Title ={The Promise of Distributed Computing and the Challenges of Legacy Systems},
Booktitle ={in P.M.D. Gray and R.J. Lucas (eds.) Advanced Database Systems: Proceedings of the 10th British National Conference on Databases, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA)-Verlag, New York/Heidelburg.},
Year =1992, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Brodie1992:2, Author ={Brodie,M.L. and Ceri,S.},
Title ={On Intelligent and Cooperative Information Systems},
Journal ={Int. J. of Intelligent and Cooperative Inf. Syst 1, 2 Sept..},
Year =1992, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Brodie1992:3, Author ={Brodie,Michael},
Title ={The Promise of Distributed Computing and Challenge of Legacy Systems},
Booktitle ={IFIP DS-5, Lorne, Victoria, Australia.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Brodsky1989, Author ={Brodsky,A. and Sagiv,Y.},
Title ={Inference of Monotonicity Constraints in Datalog Programs},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Brodsky1989:1, Author ={Brodsky,A. and Sagiv,Y},
Title ={On Termination of Datalog Programs},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDlogic> DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Brodsky1991, Author ={Brodsky,A. and Sagiv,Y.},
Title ={Inference of Inequality Constraints in Logic Programs},
Booktitle ={ACM-PODS 91, Denver CO.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Brodsky1993, Author ={Brodsky,A., Jaffar,J. and Maher,M.},
Title ={Toward Practical Constraint Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={unknown>} }

@techreport{Bronnenberg1987, Author ={Bronnenberg,W.J.H.J., Nijman,L., Odijk,E.A.M., and vanTwist,R.A.H.},
Title ={DOOM: A Decentralized Object-Oriented Machine},
Institution ={IEEE Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersCRO.},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Pages ="52--69",
Annote ={at Philips Res. Lab, Eindhoven, The Netherlands Category ={DBFmach, DBfile Nijman } }

@book{Brooks1975, Author ={Brooks,F.D.jr.},
Title ={The Mythical Man-Month: Essays on Software Engineering},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 195pp.},
Year =1975, Category ={DBDadmin, x} }

@article{Brooks1987, Author ={Brooks,Frederick P.jr.},
Title ={No Silver Bullet: Essence and Accidents of Software Engineering},
Journal ={Computer, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8811-0849.},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Pages ="10--19",
Volume ="20",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.North Carolina, Chapel Hill NC 'No single development, in either technology or in management technique, by itself promises even one order-of-magnitude improvement in productivity, in reliability, in simplicity'. Four attacks: Buy vs. build; Requirements refinement and rapid prototyping; Incemental development; Great designers. ---B.Skwiersky. Category ={DEng> } }

@article{Brosda1984, Author ={Brosda,V. and Vossen,G.},
Title ={Update and Retrieval in a Relational Database through a Universal Schema Interface},
Journal ={TU.Aachen, TR-101.},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at City Un.N.Y. AFIS Category ={DBDkb> includes update constraints: key requirement, representative instance must be unique, even if schema is ambiguous. Also used are URSA and URA, the Universal Relation Schema Assumption and the Unique Role Assumption (Maier84) insufficient recognition of prior work by Beeri, Mendelzon, Sagiv and Ullman in SIAM J.Comp. May.1981. Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery, TODS file } }

@article{Brosda1985, Author ={Brosda,V. and Vossen,G.},
Title ={A High-Level Interface for Update and Retrieval in Relational Databases - Language Aspects},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Annote ={at TU.Aachen Category ={DBDrel.2, TODSfile} }

@article{Bross1969, Author ={Bross,Irwin et al},
Title ={Feasibility of Automated Information Systems in the User's Natural Language},
Journal ={American Scientist, Sum..},
Year =1969, Pages ="193--205",
Volume ="57",
Category ={DBDnat>%Bross69} }

@article{Brouwers1987, Author ={Brouwers,J. and Gray,M.},
Title ={Integrating the Electronic Design Process},
Journal ={VLSI Sys. Design.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at EDA Syst. Inc. The Workspace Server provides design data management, user-design interaction, AND general database services. A logical data model deals with design data management -- version management, hierarchical composition and configuration management, and multiple representations management. Category ={EIS> } }

@techreport{Brown1987, Author ={Brown,Alan W.},
Title ={A View Mechanism for An Integrated Project Support Environment},
Institution ={Un.Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Computing Lab, rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Un.Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Computing Lab Proposes an object oriented mechanism for managing knowledge bases. An object is only accessible via a set of defined operators. Layered architecture, each layer is defined using the operators and datatypes defined in the next lower one. Each layer acts as a firewall. Special update operators of an object are defined in terms of the update operators from the next lower layer recursively. until we reach primitive data types. A view is then one of these layers (actually the adt levels are arranged in a tree structure.) Comment: essentially procedural semantics. There is always the possibility of throwing away too much in the course of creating a new level, and there is no possibility of recourse to more primitive, richer levels. ---PKR Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb> DBDnewDBMS> VOD> } }

@inproceedings{Brown1985, Author ={Brown,David C.},
Title ={A Data-Base for a Design Expert System},
Booktitle ={2nd Ann.ACM Northeast Regional Conf., (Framingham MA).},
Year =1985, Category ={EIS>} }

@book{Brown1984, Author ={Brown,David C.},
Title ={Expert Systems For Design Problem-Solving Using Design Refinement With Plan Selection And Redesign},
Publisher ={PhD Th., Ohio State Un., 252pp.},
Year =1984, Annote ={ the design of mechanical components viewed as a problem-solving activity. Design knowledge expressed in a design language and some implementation details are presented. Category ={EIS> DBDkb, Sumex arch. NLM.1q84 } }

@book{Brown1988, Author ={Brown,D.C. and Chandrasekaran,B.},
Title ={Design Problem Solving, Knowledge Structures and ? Structures},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ Description of DSPL, based in 1984 thesis. Example is air cylinder mechanical design. ---Gio. Category ={EIS> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Brown1989, Author ={Brown,David C.},
Title ={Adjusting Constraints in Routine Design Knowledge},
Booktitle ={NSF Eng. Design Res.Conf., U.Mass.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Pages ="347--362",
Annote ={ at Worcester Polytechnic Inst., CSD, AI Res.Group DSPL-based systems will be able to adjust their knowledge in simple ways as the result of experience. Category ={DBDkb> EIS> } }

@article{Brown1970, Author ={Brown,D.T. and Sellers,F.F.jr.},
Title ={Error Correction for IBM 800-bit-per-inch Magnetic Tape},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1970, Month =Jul,
Pages ="384--389",
Volume ="14",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFhard.1.2> DBFstorage.12.1} }

@article{Brown1972, Author ={Brown,D.T., Eibsen,R.L., and Thorn,C.A.},
Title ={Channel and Direct Access Device Architecture},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1972, Pages ="186--199",
Volume ="11",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at IBM Evaluation and resulting design modifications of IBM disk and drum storage devices. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@article{Brown1983, Author ={Brown,H.D., Tong,C., and Foyster,G.},
Title ={Environment for Circuit Design},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Volume ="16",
Number ="12",
Category ={EIS>} }

@techreport{Brown1974, Author ={Brown,J.S., Burton,R.R., and Bell,S.A.G.},
Title ={SOPHIE: A Sophisticated Instructional Environment for Teaching Electronic Troubleshooting},
Institution ={BBN Res.R. .},
Year =1974, Month Mar,
Number ="2790",
Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDnat>} }

@inproceedings{Brown1993, Author ={Brown,K., Carey,M., and Livny,M.},
Title ={Managing Memory to Meet Multiclass Workload Response Time Goals},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={unknown>} }

@techreport{Brown1977, Author ={Brown,M.R. and Tarjan,R.E.},
Title ={A Fast Merging Algorithm},
Institution ={Stanford Un., TR-CS-77-625,},
Year =1977, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD binary tree merging Category ={DBFseq, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Brown1978, Author ={Brown,M. and Tarjan,R.},
Title ={A Representation for Linear Lists with Movable Fingers},
Booktitle ={Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing 10, San Diego CA.},
Year =1978, Month =May,
Pages ="19--29",
Category ={DBFseq> DBFhybrid> DBDintegrity>} }

@article{Brown1985:1, Author ={Brown,M., Kolling,K., and Taft,E.},
Title ={The ALPINE File System},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Computer Systems,},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="261--293",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={on the Alpine file server system. Category ={DBFhard> DBFdist> } }

@inproceedings{Brown1967, Author ={Brown,Robert R. and Nordyke,Peter jr.},
Title ={IMS Development},
Booktitle ={FID-IFIP Proc., N-H 1968.},
Year =1967, Category ={DBDbound.6>} }

@article{Brown1983:1, Author ={Brown,R. and Parker,D.S.},
Title ={LAURA: A Formal Data Model and Her Logical Design},
Journal ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 9.},
Year =1983, Pages ="206--218",
Category ={DBDops.4, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Brown1983:2, Author ={Brown,V.A., Navathe,S.B., and Su,S.Y.W.},
Title ={Complex Data Types, and a Data Manipulation Language for Scientific and Statistical Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Second International Workshop on Statistical Database Management, Menlo Park CA.},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Pages ="188--195",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Browne1975, Author ={Browne,J.C. and Lasseter,G.L.},
Title ={An Optimizable Model for Application of Rollback/Restart/Recovery Procedures for Large Data Bases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed), (abstract).},
Year =1975, Pages ="508--510",
Annote ={ at Un.Texas; Information Research Associates (Austin TX) Category ={DBFuse-4> } }

@inproceedings{Browne1985, Author ={Browne,J.C., Dale,A.G., Leung,C., and Jenevin,R.},
Title ={Parallel Multi-Stage I/O Architecture with Self-Managing Disk Cache for Database Management Applications},
Booktitle ={IWDM 4, DeWitt and Boral(eds.), Bahamas, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Category ={DBFmach, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Browne1971, Author ={Browne,P.S.},
Title ={Data Privacy and Integrity: An Overview},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed).},
Year =1971, Pages ="237--240",
Category ={DBDprivacy>} }

@inproceedings{Browne1971:1, Author ={Browne,P.S. and Steinauer,D.},
Title ={A Model for Access Control},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed).},
Year =1971, Pages ="241--262",
Category ={DBDprivacy.3>} }

@techreport{Browne1979, Author ={Browne,P.S.(ed)},
Title ={Security, Checklist for Computer Center Self-Audits},
Institution ={Best Practices Series, AFIPS, Arlington VA.},
Year =1979, Annote ={ Revision of Patrick's 1974 manual, stresses physical and operational aspects Category ={DBFuse-4.0, Reference file 155MR> } }

@book{Brownston1985, Author ={Brownston,L., Farrell,R., Kant,E., and Martin,N.},
Title ={Programming Expert Systems In OPS5; An Introduction to Rule-Based Programming},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDkb, QA76.9.E96P76} }

@book{Broy1984, Author ={Broy,Manfred(ed)},
Title ={Control Flow And Data Flow: Concepts of Distributed Programming},
Publisher ={NATO ASI Series.},
Year =1984, Annote ={ International Summer School Directed by Bauer, Dijkstra, Hoare. Category ={DBFintro.4, QA76.9.D5N375 } }

@inproceedings{Bruandet, Author ={Bruandet, Marie-Francoise},
Title ={Optimisation D'un Compilateur Incremental et Conversationnel de PL/1},
Booktitle ={These. Institut National Polytechnique de Grenoble},
Annote ={at Un.Scientifique et Medicale de Grenoble It mainly concerns optimizing the interpreter. Not much is done incrementally. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Brumfield1988, Author ={Brumfield,J.A., Miller,J., and Chou,H-T.},
Title ={Performance Modeling of Distributed Object-Oriented Database Systems},
Booktitle ={ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Un. of Texas at Austin Category ={DBDobject> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Bruno1971, Author ={Bruno,J. and Coffman,E.G.jr.},
Title ={Nearly Optimum Binary Search Trees},
Booktitle ={preprint booklet IFIP TA-2.},
Year =1971, Pages ="29--32",
Annote ={at Princeton Un.; Un.Penn Category ={DBFtrees.4>} }

@article{Brutyan1985, Author ={Brutyan,K.K. and Mkrtchyan,L.V.},
Title ={Concerning One Method of Integration of Data Bases},
Journal ={Izvestiya Akademii nauk SSSR, Tekhnicheskaya kibernetika, Moscow, -Oct..},
Year =1985, Month =Sep,
Pages ="29--35",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ user load factors and hierarchical height. To be integrated elements must be at similar height. Applicable to OKA CODASYL databases. Category ={DBDdesign, FASAC 38 } }

@inproceedings{Bry1986, Author ={Bry,F. and Manthey,R.},
Title ={Checking Consistency of DB Constraints: a Logical Basis},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12, Kyoto.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at ECRC (FRG) Category ={DBDmodel> DBDkb>} }

@article{Bry1989, Author ={Bry,Francois},
Title ={Towards and Efficient Evaluation of Genral Queries: Quantifier and Disjunction Processing Revisited},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at ECRC, (Munchen FRG) Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Bry1989:1, Author ={Bry,F.},
Title ={Query Evaluation in Recursive Databases: Bottom-up and Top-down Reconciled},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDlogic> DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Bryant1966, Author ={Bryant,J. and Semple,P.},
Title ={GIS and File Management},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf 21, P21,},
Year =1966, Pages ="97--107",
Annote ={at IBM Description of GIS Category ={DBFhybrid.4>} }

@inproceedings{Bryce1990, Author ={Bryce,D. and Hull,R.},
Title ={SNAP: A Graphics Based Schema Manager},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Brykczynski1988, Author ={Brykczynski,Bill},
Title ={Methods of Binding Ada to SQL: A General Discussion},
Booktitle ={Ada Letters, -Feb., ACM SIGAda.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Pages ="38--57",
Annote ={at IDA Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@inproceedings{Brynjolfsson1993, Author ={Brynjolfsson,E. and Hitt,L.},
Title ={Is Information Systems Spending Productive? New Evidence and New Res},
Booktitle ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT Sloan School Working Paper 3571-93.},
Year =1993, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at MIT The productivity paradox of information systems (IS) is that, despite enormous improvements in the underlying technology, the benefits of IS spending have not been found in aggregate output statistics. One explanation is that IS spending may lead to increases in product quality or variety which tend to be overlooked in aggregate output statistics, even if they increase sales at the firm-level. Furthermore, the restructuring and cost-cutting that are often necessary to realize these potential benefits have only recently been undertaken in many firms. Our study uses new firm-level data on several components of IS spending for 1987-1991. The dataset includes 380 large firms which generated approximately two trillion dollars in output annually. We supplemented the IS data with data on other inputs, output, and price deflators from several other sources. As a result, we could assess several econometric models of the contribution of IS to firm-level productivity. Our results indicate that IS have made a substantial and statistically significant contribution to firm output. We find that between 1987 and 1991, return on investment (ROI) for computer capital averaged 54% in manufacturing and 68% for manufacturing and services combined in our sample. We are able to reject the null hypothesis that the ROI for computer capital is no greater than the return to other types of capital investment and also find that IS labor spending generates several times as much output as spending on non-IS labor and expenses. Because the models we applied were essentially the same as those that have been previously used to assess the contribution of IT and other factors of production, we attribute the different results to the recency and larger size of our dataset. We conclude that the productivity paradox disappeared by 1991, at least in our sample of firms. Category ={unknown> } }

@techreport{Bubenko1975, Author ={Bubenko,J.A.jr., et al},
Title ={Information Analysis and Design of Data Base Schemata},
Institution ={CADIS, TR-JTA-IBADB-3091.},
Year =1975, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ at Un.Stockholm, Royal Inst.Technology, Dep.Administrative D.P. Alternate DBTG schemas to optimize retrieval or updating. Category ={DBDbound, x9book } }

@inproceedings{Bubenko1975:1, Author ={Bubenko,J.A.jr.},
Title ={Some Theoretical and Practical Observations in a Data Base Case},
Booktitle ={Ludeberg and Bubenko(eds), Systemeering-75, Student Litteratur (Lund, Sweden).},
Year =1975, Category ={DBFintro> DBDschema.0>} }

@inproceedings{Bubenko1976, Author ={Bubenko,J., Berild,S., Lindencrona-Ohlin,E., and Nachmens,S.A.},
Title ={From Information Requirements to DBTG Data Structures},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data SIGPLAN Conf.on Data, ACM.},
Year =1976, Pages ="73--85",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBDdesign>} }

@incollection{Bubenko1977, Author ={Bubenko,J.A.},
Title ={The Temporal Dimension in Information Modeling},
Booktitle ={Architecture and Models in DBManagement Science, Journal of TIMSs, Nijssen(ed), N-H.},
Year =1977, Pages ="93--118",
Category ={DBDmodel> DBDschema.1>} }

@book{Bubenko1978, Author ={Bubenko,J. and Yao,S.B.(eds)},
Title ={Proc.of the 4th International Conf. on Very Large Data Bases},
Publisher ={IEEE 78 CH 1389.6C, 555pp.},
Year =1978, Annote ={ Papers from VLDB 4, Conf. held in Berlin FRG, Sep.13-15, 1978. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@inproceedings{Bubenko1980, Author ={Bubenko,J.A.},
Title ={Information Modeling in the context of system development},
Booktitle ={Proc.of IFIP , 1980.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="395--411",
Category ={DBDmodel>DENG>} }

@techreport{Bubenko1983, Author ={Bubenko,J.A.Jr.},
Title ={Information and Data Modeling: State of the Art and Research Directions},
Institution ={Syslab TR-20.},
Year =1983, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Syslab Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile Syslab} }

@techreport{Bubenko1986, Author ={Bubenko,Janis A.Jr.},
Title ={Information System Methodologies -- a Research View},
Institution ={Syslab, TR-40.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Syslab Category ={DBDdesign, DBfile Syslab} }

@article{Bublik1980, Author ={Bublik,V.V.},
Title ={An Operator for Data Structure Analysis},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Apr..},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Pages ="84--89",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDops, FASAC 310} }

@article{Buchanan1978, Author ={Buchanan,B.G. and Feigenbaum,E.A.},
Title ={DENDRAL and Meta-DENDRAL: their Application Dimension},
Journal ={Artificial intelligence.},
Year =1978, Pages ="5--24",
Volume ="11",
Annote ={ DENDRAL uses the generate-and-test paradigm. A canonical representation of molecular structures enables search and ranking. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Buchanan1979, Author ={Buchanan,B.G., Mitchell,T.M., Smith,R.G., and Johnson,C.R.Jr.},
Title ={Models of Learning Systems},
Institution ={Report No.STAN-CS--79--692, HPP Memo HPP--77-39.},
Year =1979, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Buchanan1982, Author ={Buchanan,B.G. and Duda,R.O.},
Title ={Principles of Rule-Based Expert Systems},
Booktitle ={Yovits(ed), Advances in Computers, Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Buchanan1982:1, Author ={Buchanan,Bruce .G.},
Title ={Partial Bibliogtaphy of Work of Expert Systems},
Institution ={Stanford CSD TR.82-953,},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDqkb, DBfile} }

@article{Buchanan1984, Author ={Buchanan,J.R., Fennell,R.D., and Samet,H.},
Title ={A Database Management System for the Federal Courts},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Pages ="72--88",
Volume ="9",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Federal Judicial Ctr and Un.Maryland >DBappl> } }

@book{Buchanan1985, Author ={Buchanan,B.G. and Shortliffe,E.H.(eds)},
Title ={Rule-based Expert Systems: The MYCIN experience of the Stanford Heuristic Programming Project},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Stanford Un., KSL Lab. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Buchanan1985:1, Author ={Buchanan,Bruce G.},
Title ={Expert Systems: Working Systems and the Research Literature},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CS-85-1075.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={bibliography. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@techreport{Buchanan1989, Author ={Buchanan,B.G., Bobrow,D., Davis,R., McDermott,J., and Shortliffe,E.H.},
Title ={Research Directions in Knowledge-Based Systems},
Institution ={Stanford Un., TR-KSL-89-71.},
Year =1989, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh Primary problems to be addressed now are: knowledge maintenance, models of problem solving, and machine learning and knowledge acquisition. AFIS ref. I3 Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@article{Buchholz1963, Author ={Buchholz,W.},
Title ={File Organization and Addressing},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1963, Month =Jun,
Pages ="86--111",
Volume ="2",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at IBM, Design of direct access Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> DBFtechn.1> } }

@article{Buchholz1969, Author ={Buchholz,W.},
Title ={A Synthetic Job for Measuring System Performance},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1969, Pages ="309--318",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Annote ={PL/1 file program for testing. Category ={DBFtechn.2> %Buchholz69 } }

@book{Buchler1955, Author ={Buchler,Justus(ed)},
Title ={Philosophical Writings of Peirce},
Publisher ={Dover.},
Year =1955, Annote ={ Papers by Charles Sanders Peirce, including Abduction and Induction. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@inproceedings{Buchmann1985, Author ={Buchmann,A.P. and Perez de Celis,C.},
Title ={An Architecture and Data Model for CAD Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 11, Stockholm.},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Category ={EIS>} }

@inproceedings{Buchmann1989, Author ={Buchmann,A., McCarthy,D., Hsu,M-C., and Dayal,U.},
Title ={Time-Critical Database Scheduling: A Framework For Integrating Real-Time Scheduling and Concurrency Control},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDperform> DBDconc>} }

@unpublished{Buchmann1990, Author ={Buchmann,A. and Hornick,M.},
Title ={A Transaction Model for a Distributed, Heterogeneous, Active Object System},
Note ={COSI Workshop, Tulsa.},
Year =1990, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at GTE placeholder objects manage actively the interface and consistency between local and global homogenous object spaces Category ={DBDdist> DBDobject> } }

@techreport{Buchmann1991, Author ={Buchmann,A.P., Ozsu,M.T., and Georgakopoulos,D.},
Title ={Towards a Transaction Management System for DOM},
Institution ={TR-0146-06-91-165, GTE Laboratories Incorporated.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@incollection{Buchmann1992, Author ={Buchmann,A.P., Ozsu,M.T., Hornick,M., Georgakopoulos,D., and Manola,F.},
Title ={A Transaction Model for Active Distributed Object Systems},
Booktitle ={in Database Transaction Models for Advanced Applications, A.K. Elmagarmid, (ed.), Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, CA, Spring .},
Year =1992, Category ={DBDdist> DBDobject>} }

@book{Buckingham1986, Author ={Buckingham,R.A., Hirschheim,R.A., Land,F.F. and Tully,C.J.},
Title ={Information Systems Education: Recommensations and Implementation},
Publisher ={Cambridge Un.Press, 256pp. (British CS); ACM Computing Reviews 8807-0497.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Un.London IFIP/BCS curriculum in three levels. The five introductory modules are computer, quantitative, business, social studies and conceptul foundations (information, data, knowledge; systems design; technology and society). Category ={DBDintro> } }

@article{Buckley1985, Author ={Buckley,G.N. and Silberschatz,A.},
Title ={Beyond Two-Phase Locking},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Pages ="314--326",
Volume ="32",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ graph protocols with a-priori knowledge outperform 2PL without deadlock. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> } }

@article{Budd1988, Author ={Budd,J.R., Warwick,W.J., Wielinski,C.L. and Finkelstein,S.M.},
Title ={A Medical Information Relational Database System --- MIRDS},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, Academic.},
Year =1988, Month =Oct,
Pages ="419--433",
Volume ="21",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ at Un.Minnesota, Medical School, Dep.of Pediatrics Support pulmonary testing, store patient record for the population of cystic fibrosis patients. Category ={MIS> } }

@article{Buff1988, Author ={Buff,H.W.},
Title ={Why Codd's Rule No.6 Must Be Reformalized},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record,},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Pages ="79--80",
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Swiss Reinsurance Co, Zurich Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Buff1991, Author ={Buff,H.W.},
Title ={A Complete Identity Set for Codd Algebras},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDrel>} }

@inproceedings{Buitelaar1992, Author ={Buitelaar,P. and VandeRiet,R.},
Title ={The Use of a Lexicon to Interpret ER-Diagrams: A LIKE project},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .11, Karlsruhe.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Bukhres1992, Author ={Bukhres,O.},
Title ={Performance Comparison of Distributed Deadlock Deflection Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Moorhead State Un. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bukhres1993, Author ={Bukhres,O., Kuehn,E., and Puntigam,F.},
Title ={A Language Multidatabase System Communication Protocol},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Purdue Un; Un.Technology Vienna Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bukhres1993:1, Author ={Bukhres,O. and Alm,J.},
Title ={A Priority-Based PCG Algorithm for Global Deadlock Detection an Resolution in Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Moorhead State Un. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Bull1987, Author ={Bull,M., Duda,R., Port,D., and Reiter,J.},
Title ={Applying Software Engineering Principles to Knowledge-Base Development},
Booktitle ={Learned Information, Meadford NJ.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Pages ="27--37",
Annote ={ Maintenance of the knowledge base tables and connections in SYNTEL I3 Category ={DBDkb> DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Buneman1977, Author ={Buneman,O.P. and Morgan,H.L.},
Title ={Implementing Alerting Techniques in Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. COMPSAC.},
Year =1977, Pages ="463--469",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Buneman1977:1, Author ={Buneman,O.P. and Clemons,E.K.},
Title ={Efficiently Monitoring Relational Databases},
Journal ={Working paper, 76-10-08, Dep.Decision Sciences, The Wharton School, Un.Penn, PA.},
Year =1977, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ An alerter monitors a database and reports when a specific condition occurs. Alerters may be placed on a query, a method is demonstrated for reducing the amount of computation involved in checking whether an alerter should be triggered. Recomputation of derived data with pruning, viz. identity connection. I3 Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDintegrity.3> } }

@unpublished{Buneman1988, Author ={Buneman,O.P., Davidson,S.B., and Watters,A.},
Title ={Querying Independent Databases},
Note ={U.Penn, Conference on Information Systems, sponsored by SMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS, TInternational Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems, ACM SIGBDP Dep., MS-CS-87-67.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at U.Penn, DCS Recognize anomalies and create maybe tuples in autonomous databases. Based on isa definitions and an expanded union semantics to compute bounds: LLB, also GLB (meet) and join. Category ={DBDdist> DBDops> } }

@article{Buneman1982, Author ={Buneman,P., Frankel,R.E., and Nikhil,R.},
Title ={An Implementation Technique for Database Query Languages },
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="164--186",
Volume ="7",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ at Dep.Computer and Inf.Sc., Moore School; Un.Penn, PA FQL, a Functional query language implemented on a CODASYL system. Lazy evaluation. Category ={DBDbound.5> DBDquery.2> } }

@inproceedings{Buneman1981, Author ={Buneman,P. and Nikhil,R.},
Title ={A Practical Functional Programming System for Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc. Conf.on Functional Programming Languages and Computer Architecture, .},
Year =1981, Pages ="195-201",
Category ={DBDbound.5>} }

@inproceedings{Buneman1986, Author ={Buneman,P. and Atkinson,M.},
Title ={Inheritance and Persistence in Database Programming Languages},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Buneman1986:1, Author ={Buneman,Peter},
Title ={A Domain Theoretic Approach to Higher-Order Relations},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at U.Penn, USA Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Buneman1988:1, Author ={Buneman,P., Davidson,S. and Watters,A.},
Title ={A Semantics for Complex Objects and Approximate Queries},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1988, Annote ={ Most of the work on complex objects allow tuples and sets as constructors. Further, most domains are partially ordered. In the presence of complex objects, we need to reexamine the denotation of a tuple. The denotation of a tuple that is adopted here is that all tuples that are maximal elements with respect to the tuple. This denotation needs extension when attributes are set-valued. The desirable semantics is that the maximal elements must be a subset of the union of the maximal elements of the set. This leads us to define a `sandwich' instead of a set as the tuple constructor. The sandwich provides an upper and lower bound on maximal elements. The concept is useful in defining the notion of unknown nulls (or queries). Rules with complex objects are defined and a fixpoint semanics is provided. ---surajit. FAUVE; monotone improving results. Category ={DBDobject> DBDquery> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@incollection{Buneman1989, Author ={Buneman,O.P., Davidson,S.B., and Watters, A.},
Title ={Federated Approximations for heterogeneous databases},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at U.Penn semantics of missing information in merged subsets of distinct supersets. Result is in minimal boundaries box. The term approximation is used for precise data in those subsets. Category ={DBDkb> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Buneman1992, Author ={Buneman,Peter},
Title ={Partial Information as a Basis for Data and Knowledge Integration (Invited Talk},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@unpublished{Bunker1986, Author ={Bunker,R.},
Title ={A Method on Compiling Efficient Constraint Checks for Database Programming Languages},
Note ={Un.Mass., Amherst.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ Transactions are analyzed to obtain a set of execution paths. Symbolic execution techniques are used to derive, for each path, a set of pre-conditions and post-conditions for a constraint. Pre-conditions can only be derived for single-tuple update (i.e., at most one tuple of each relation is changed). The method only works for constraints with specific patterns of prefix: (\forall x)*(\exists x)* or (\exists x)*(\forall x)*. A large body of rules for arithmetic is hand-encoded to avoid theorem-proving. ---Xiaolei Category ={DBDlang> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Bunshaft1983, Author ={Bunshaft,A.J.},
Title ={A View of Amininistrative Flow and Usage},
Institution ={report submitted to Shuey,R., Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst..},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ Information usage and its potential automation. The Intecom IBX data switch. Category ={DBDadmin, Thesis file } }

@techreport{Burdekin1979, Author ={Burdekin,R. and Scowen,R.S.},
Title ={Computers and the Construction of Economic Models},
Institution ={Computer J..},
Year =1979, Annote ={at Charles Un, Czechoslovakia Czech natural language query for student and hospital data Category ={DBDnat, DBfile at IBM, UK Scientific Ctr (Peterlee, UK) Category ={DBappl, DBfile } }

@article{Burge1971, Author ={Burge,W.H. and Konheim,A.G.},
Title ={An Accessing Model},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1971, Month =Jul,
Pages ="400--404",
Volume ="18",
Number ="3",
Annote ={Exact solution to sector queuing in drums. Category ={DBFtechn.4> } }

@article{Burkhard1973, Author ={Burkhard,W.A. and Keller,R.M.},
Title ={Some Approaches to Best-Match File Searching},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1973, Month Apr,
Pages ="230--236",
Volume ="16",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFimpl.3, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Burkhard1975, Author ={Burkhard,Walter A.},
Title ={Partial-Match Queries and File Designs},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed), (abstract).},
Year =1975, Pages ="523--525",
Annote ={at UCSD (San Diego) Tries and hashing. Category ={DBFtree>%Burkhard76 } }

@article{Burkhard1976, Author ={Burkhard,Walter A.},
Title ={Partial Match Retrieval},
Journal ={Tidskrift for Informations Behandeling, Denmark.},
Year =1976, Pages ="13--31",
Volume ="16",
Annote ={at UCSD (San Diego) Tries and hashing. Category ={DBFtree, DBfile %Burkhard76 } }

@article{Burkhard1975:1, Author ={Burkhard,W.A.},
Title ={Hashing and Trie Algorithms for Partial-Match Retrieval},
Journal ={UCSD, Appl.Physics and Inf.Sc, CS TR.2.},
Year =1975, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBFimpl.2.2, DBfile} }

@article{Burkhard1979, Author ={Burkhard,W.A.},
Title ={Partial-Match Hash Coding: Benefits of Redundancy},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Pages ="228--239",
Volume ="4",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFhybrid.5>} }

@article{Burkhard1981, Author ={Burkhard,W.A.},
Title ={Interpolation-based Index Maintenance},
Journal ={Technical Report Number CS-053, ?},
Year =1981, Annote ={ extension of linear hashing, overflow chains for multiple keys. interpolation-based order preserving hashing algorithm analysis requires random insert normal key distribution Category ={DBFindex.6> DBFhash, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Burkhard1988, Author ={Burkhard,W.A., Martin,B.E., and Paris,J-F.},
Title ={The Gemini Replicated File System Test-bed},
Booktitle ={To appear in spec. issue on Data Engrg. in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE)Information Science,},
Year =1988, Annote ={Consistency in replication is essential. Category ={DBFdist> DBFperform, DBfile Paris } }

@inproceedings{Burkowski1990, Author ={Burkowski,F.J.},
Title ={Retrieval Performance of a Distributed Text Database Utilizing a Parallel Processor Document Server},
Booktitle ={Int. Symp. on Databases in Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, Dublin,},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo, Canada Category ={DBFmach> DBDbiblio>} }

@techreport{Burnaugh1966, Author ={Burnaugh,Howard P.},
Title ={The BOLD (Bibliographic On-Line Display) System},
Institution ={NCIR 3, Phil., Schecter(ed), Thompson 1966.},
Year =1966, Pages ="53--55",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Burnett1984, Author ={Burnett,R.A. and Thomas,J.J.},
Title ={Data Management Support for Statistical Data Editing and Subset Selection},
Institution ={rcvd .},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Pacific Northwest Lab (Richland WA) definition and prototype implementation of SDB on VAX system. Uses transposed files. Category ={DBappl> DBDstat> } }

@book{Burns1987, Author ={Burns,A., Lister,A.M., and Wellings,A.J.},
Title ={A Review od Ada Tasking},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 141pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8809-0655.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Un.Bradford, Bradford UK Excellent report on concurrent programming and the Ada tasking model. ---Leavitt. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@article{Burns1973, Author ={Burns,D.},
Title ={A Self-Sufficient ROBOT},
Journal ={Computing, 22, page 9.},
Year =1973, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDintro.0>} }

@inproceedings{Burns1986, Author ={Burns,T., Fong,E., Jefferson,D., Knox,R., Reedy,C., Reich,L., Roussopoulos,N., and Truszkowski,W.},
Title ={Reference Model for DBMS Standardization},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Burr1983, Author ={Burr,William E.},
Title ={Overview of the Proposed American National Standard for Local Distributed Data Interfaces},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Pages ="554--561",
Volume ="26",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at NBS includes discussion of problems of impedance match of disk and CSMA on LAN-(ethernet) networks. Category ={DBDdist> DBFstorage-3.4> } }

@techreport{Burrows1988, Author ={Burrows,Michael},
Title ={Efficient data sharing},
Institution ={Rep. No. 153, Computer Lab, Un. Cambridge.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={Ph.D. thesis. replication Category ={DBDperf>} }

@incollection{Burstall1969, Author ={Burstall,R.},
Title ={Formal Description of Program Structure and Semantics in First-order Logic},
Booktitle ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. Publishers 5, Meltzer and Michie (eds), Edinburgh Un. Press.},
Year =1969, Pages ="79--98",
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@book{Burstein1989, Author ={Burstein,J.S. and Martin,E.G.},
Title ={Computer Information Systems},
Publisher ={Dryden Press, (Hinsdale IL), 736pp.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at San Jose State Un., CA Emphasis on the user and the role of people. Database management: Harnessing the power of files. Career box: Database administrator. Examples from dBase III PLUS, R:BASE 5000, and PC-File III. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@article{Burton1985, Author ={Burton,F.W., Kollias,V.J., and Kollias,J.G.},
Title ={Expected and Worst-Case Storage Requirements for Quadtrees},
Journal ={Patt. Recog. Ltrs. .},
Year =1985, Pages ="131--135",
Volume ="3",
Annote ={ at Un.Colorado (Denver); Athens Un., Faculty of Agric.; Nat.TU.Athens picture processing. Category ={DBFtree, DBfile Kollias } }

@article{Burton1984, Author ={Burton,F.W., Kollias,J.G., and Alexandridis,N.A.},
Title ={An Implementation of the Exponential Pyramid Data Structure with Application to Determination of Symmetries in Pictures},
Journal ={Computer Vision, Graphics, and Image Proc. .},
Year =1984, Pages ="218--225",
Volume ="25",
Annote ={at Un.East Anglia; Nat.TU.Athens Category ={DBFindex, DBfile Kollias } }

@article{Burton1985:1, Author ={Burton,F.W., Huntbach,M.M., and Kollias,J.G.},
Title ={Multiple Generation Text Files using Overlapping Tree Structures},
Journal ={Computer J.},
Year =1985, Pages ="3--6", Volume ="28", Number ="2",
Annote ={ at Un.Colorado (Denver); Un.Sussex; Nat.TU.Athens Category ={DBFtree, DBfile Kollias } }

@unpublished{Burton1985:2, Author ={Burton,F.W. and Kollias,J.G.},
Title ={Reduction of Storage Requirements by Sharing Common Information in an Office Information System},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Un.Colorado, EE (Denver) Category ={DBFrepresent-1>} }

@incollection{Bush, Author ={Bush,Vannevar},
Title ={As We May Think},
Journal ={Atlantic Monthly},
, Vol ="176", Number= "1", Year =1945, Pages ="pp.101--108",
Booktitle ={reprinted in Kochen67},
Annote ={ Early concepts regarding an associative retrieval machine, MEMEX. I3 Category ={DBFintro> DBDquery.0, ISBN 0-914845-74-8. } }

@manual{Business1971, Author ={Business Week},
Title ={Business Takes a Second Look at Computers},
Journal ={Business Week, 5,},
Year =1971, Month =Jun,
Pages ="59--136",
Annote ={ Extensive survey of status of computer applications in business. Category ={DBFintro.6> } }

@manual{Business1981, Author ={Business Week},
Title ={Opening Up Data Files to Laymen},
Journal ={Business Week, 10 .},
Year =1981, Month =Aug,
Pages ="64--66",
Annote ={ By 1985 the amount of data stored on-line in files will jump to seven times the 1.7 trillion characters that are stored today. 'Less than 10 pct. of all companies using computers have data base management systems now.' By 1990 90 pct. of all computer users will have them. Category ={DBFpreface.1> } }

@article{Bussolati1983, Author ={Bussolati,U. and Martella,G.},
Title ={Towards a New Approach to Secure Database Design},
Journal ={Comput.Secur., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8408-0655.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Pages ="49--62",
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Polit.Milano, Italy Category ={DBFsecurity>} }

@inproceedings{Butler1987, Author ={Butler,Margaret},
Title ={Storage Reclamation in Object-Oriented Database Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at UCB Category ={DBDobject> DBFrepresent>} }

@article{Buzbee1985, Author ={Buzbee,B.L. and Sharp,D.H.},
Title ={Perspectives on Supercomputing},
Journal ={Science.},
Year =1985, Month =Feb,
Pages ="591--597",
Volume ="227",
Number ="4687",
Annote ={ Includes description of mass storage file server at Los Alamos with automatic migration. Category ={DBFstorage-3.4> } }

@article{Byar1980, Author ={Byar,D.P.},
Title ={Why Data Bases Should Not Replace Randomized Clinical Trials},
Journal ={Biometrics, vol.36.},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="337--342",
Annote ={ the argument is correct, but databases remain valid for hypothesis generation and exploration. Category ={Statistics> } }

@techreport{Byrd1987, Author ={Byrd,G.T. and Delagi,B.A.},
Title ={Considerations for Multiprocessor Topologies},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CSD TR-CS-87-1144, ; KSL-87-07.},
Year =1987, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD scalability of parallel machines Category ={DBFmach, DBfile } }

@article{Byrnes1969, Author ={Byrnes,Carolyn J. and Steig,Donald B.},
Title ={File Management Systems: A current Summary},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1969, Month =Nov,
Pages ="138--142",
Volume ="15",
Number ="11",
Annote ={Self-contained packages for 360 equipment. Category ={DBFhybrid> DBDbound> } } % ------ C ------biblio----1949-1991-----

@inproceedings{Byrom1973, Author ={Byrom,S.T. and Hardgrave,W.T.},
Title ={Representation of Sets on Mass Storage Devices for Information Retrieval Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1973, Volume ="42",
Category ={DBFhard.2>} }

@inproceedings{Cacace1990, Author ={Cacace,F., Ceri,S., Crespi-Reghizzi,S., Tanca,L., and Zicari,R.},
Title ={Integrating Object-Oriented Data Modelling with a Rule-Based Programming Paradigm },
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Category ={DBDobject} }

@manual{CACM1962, Author ={CACM},
Title ={Papers from the 1961 Princeton Conf. on Information Retrieval},
Organization ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1962, Month =Jan,
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDquery.1>} }

@inproceedings{Cadiou1976, Author ={Cadiou,Jean-Marie},
Title ={On Semantic Issues in the Relational Model of Data},
Booktitle ={Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science, Poland, Springer Verlag 5, Gdansk Poland, LNCS , Springer.},
Year =1976, Pages ="23--38",
Volume ="45",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@techreport{Cadwallader1969, Author ={Cadwallader,G.},
Title ={Functional and Software Considerations for Bibliographic Data Base Utilization},
Institution ={Auerbach Corp (Philadelphia PA), PB 183 816.},
Year =1969, Month =May,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@book{Cagan1973, Author ={Cagan,Carl},
Title ={Data Management Systems},
Publisher ={Melville Publishers, Los Angeles, 141pp.},
Year =1973, Annote ={ Survey of data base systems, many small examples. Category ={DBDintro.9> } }

@inproceedings{Cai1990, Author ={Cai,Y., Han,J., and Cercone,N.},
Title ={An Attribute-Oriented Approach for Learning Classification Rules from Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Simon Fraser University,Canada Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Calderbank1988, Author ={Calderbank,A.R., Coffman,E.G.Jr., and Flatto,L.},
Title ={Optimal Directory Placement on Disk Storage Devices},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1988, Month Apr,
Pages ="433--446",
Volume ="35",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs locate in the center or replicate and locate in center of l/r. Also two head eval. Category ={DBFseq> } }

@article{Calderbank1989, Author ={Calderbank,A.R., Coffman,E.G.Jr., and Flatto,L.},
Title ={A Note Extending the Analysis of Two-Head Disk Systems to More General Seek-Time Characteristics},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers.},
Year =1989, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1584--1586",
Volume ="38",
Number ="11",
Annote ={ heads a fixed distance d apart linear in z, optimal the value of d nearly independent of nonlinear acceleration effects. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@article{Callahan1991, Author ={Callahan,J. and Purtilo,J.},
Title ={A packaging system for heterogeneous execution environments},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1991, Pages ="626--635",
Volume ="17",
Annote ={MIF work. Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Callahan1981, Author ={Callahan,M.V. and Rusch,P.F.},
Title ={Online implementation of the CA SEARCH file and the CAS Registry Nomenclature File},
Journal ={Online Rev..},
Year =1981, Month =Oct,
Pages ="377-393",
Volume ="5",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ at Lockheed, DIALOG Information Services (Palo Alto CA) Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) produces a variety of chemical information in both printed and computer readable form. Although the information content of CAS computer-readable files is quite informative, the database from which they are derived was designed primarily for producing printed products. I3 Category ={DBDquery.1> } }

@article{Caloini1989, Author ={Caloini,A., Mainetti,S., and Paolini,P.},
Title ={Prolog Programs and Standard Data Bases},
Journal ={Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Computer Science, Int.Conf.on Foundations of Data Org. and Algorithms 3, (Paris, ), 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Pages ="289--303",
Number ="367",
Annote ={at Polit.Milano, Dep.Elettronica Justification for loose coupling. ---Gio. Category ={DBDkb> DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Cameron1991, Author ={Cameron,E., Ness,L., and Sheth,A.},
Title ={A Universal Executor for Flexible Transactions which Achieves Maximal Parallelism},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Cameron1986, Author ={Cameron,J.R.},
Title ={An Overview of JSD},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE12 .},
Year =1986, Pages ="222--240",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ The Jackson Design Method begins with describing action on an object. Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Cammarata1981, Author ={Cammarata,S.},
Title ={Deferring Updates in a Relational Data Base System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="286--292",
Annote ={at Rand (Santa Monica CA) Delays the application of updates until a request is made for the value. The method uses generalization, property inheritance, and procedural attachment for dynamically maintaining the update and query processes. Category ={DBDschema.3.4> DBFhybrid.6> } }

@techreport{Cammarata1983, Author ={Cammarata,S., McArthur,D., and Steeb,R.},
Title ={Strategies of Cooperation in Distributed Problem Solving},
Institution ={Rand, Note N-2031-ARPA.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Rand Corp., (Santa Monica CA) Experiments in Air Traffic Control: shared convention vs. least constrained vs. most-knowledgable. Category ={DBDkb> DBDdist> } }

@article{Cammarata1989, Author ={Cammarata,S., Ramachandra,P., and Shane,D.},
Title ={Extending a Relational Database with Deferred Referential Integrity Checking and Intelligent Joins},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at Rand Corp. Join predicates between relations stored in meta-database. Intelligent Joins = Use inter-relation connections to query without specifying join conditions. (I.e. querying the universal relation). Given meta-data integrity constraint checking procedures checking unique keys etc. can be run now and then. (This is close to my own thesis work from 1978). ---T.Risch. Category ={DBDrel> DBDintegrity> } }

@techreport{Cammarata1991, Author ={Cammarata,S., Shane,D., and Ram,P.},
Title ={IID: An Intelligent Information Dictionary for Managing Semantic Metadata},
Institution ={Rand R-3856-DARPA.},
Year =1991, Annote ={ building and maintaining relational and derived databases Category ={DBDschema, DBfile } }

@article{Campbell1986, Author ={Campbell,R.H. and Randell,B.},
Title ={Error Recovery in Asynchronous Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-12 .},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Pages ="811--826",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Un.Illinois; Un.Newcastle Fault tolerance includes Error detection, damage confinement, recovery, fault treatment and continued service. Forward and backward error recovery. Exception handlers. Banking example. Category ={DBDrel> DBDdist> } }

@article{Can1990, Author ={Can,F. and Ozkarahan,E.},
Title ={Concepts and Effectiveness of the Cover-Coefficient-Based Clustering Methodology for Text Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1990, Month =Dec,
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Miami Un. Category ={DBDbiblio>} }

@article{Canaday1974, Author ={Canaday,R.H., Harrison,R.D., Ivie,E.L., Ryder,J.L., and Wehr,L.A.},
Title ={A Back-end Computer for Data Base Management},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1974, Month =Oct,
Pages ="575--582",
Volume ="17",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Bell Telephone Labs (Piscataway NJ) Physical separation of data base management from data processing to gain flexibility, etc. in the XDMS system. Category ={DBDdist> DBFmach> DBFeval> %Canaday74 } }

@article{Cannellys1967, Author ={Cannellys,Nicholas},
Title ={Automation and Computers in Commercial Lending},
Journal ={The Journal of Commercial Lending.},
Year =1967, Month =Sep,
Pages ="21--27",
Category ={DBDintro.8>} }

@article{Canning1967, Author ={Canning,Richard G.(ed)},
Title ={File Management and Retrieval (and 4 other related articles)},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer, Vol.7,No.10,11, 1969, Vol.8 No.2,3,4,11, 1970, Vol.9 No.5,6,11, 1971.},
Year =1967, Volume ="5",
Number ="12",
Annote ={at Canning Publications (Vista, CA) A series of articles describing data bases and their use in a number of Corporations. Mostly descriptive, and intended mainly for a managerial audience, the articles are a good survey of the current state of the art. Some editorial comment is included, not always separable from technical content. Category ={DBFintro.6> } }

@article{Canning1972, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={The Debate on Data Base Management},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1972, Month Mar,
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Canning Publications (Vista CA) Review and analysis of COBOL DBTG report and arguments. Category ={DBDschema, x8 SIGbox> } }

@article{Canning1968, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={Restart and Recovery},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1968, Pages ="1--10",
Volume ="6",
Number ="13",
Category ={DBFuse-4>} }

@article{Canning1970, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={Data Security in the Corporate Data Base},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1970, Month =May,
Pages ="1--14",
Volume ="8",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBFuse-4>} }

@article{Canning1972:1, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={Computer Security --- Backup and Recovery Methods},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1972, Month =Jan,
Pages ="1--15",
Volume ="10",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFuse-4>} }

@article{Canning1972:2, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={The Debate on Data Base Management},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1972, Month Mar,
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Review and analysis of COBOL DBTG report and arguments. Category ={DBDschema, x8 SIGbox> } }

@article{Canning1972:3, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={The Data Administrator Function},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1972, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Description of this new job function in a number of companies. Category ={DBDadmin, xB15> } }

@article{Canning1973, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={The Cautious Path to Data Base},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1973, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Canning1974, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={Problem Areas in Data Management},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1974, Month Mar,
Volume ="12",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDintro.9>} }

@article{Canning1976, Author ={Canning,R.G.(ed)},
Title ={Distributed Data Systems},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer.},
Year =1976, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at Canning Publications Inc. (Vista CA 92083) Provides a good overview of distributed data bases from the business point of view. Describes a few systems that are being implemented in some banks and companies. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDdist, Shel } }

@article{Canning1977, Author ={Canning,R.G.},
Title ={Getting the Requirements Right},
Journal ={EDP Analyzer .},
Year =1977, Volume ="15",
Category ={DBDschema.1> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Cantor1969, Author ={Cantor,D., Dimsdale,B., and Hurwitz,A.},
Title ={Query Language One (QL/1) User's Manual},
Institution ={IBM, Los Angeles Scientific Ctr, report 320-2627,},
Year =1969, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at IBM, Los Angeles Description of PL/1 related query language for hierarchically structured data. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Caplinger1989, Author ={Caplinger,M. and Schatz,B.},
Title ={Searching in Hyperlibrary},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ at Kamen Sciences Corp, 258 Genesee St. (Utica NY); RADTC (Griffiss AFB NY) High-level proposal for PROLOG access to DBS. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@book{Capron1986, Author ={Capron and Williams},
Title ={Computers and Data Processing, Second Edition},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1986, Annote ={Special Software Version Category ={DBFintro, QA76.C357 } }

@article{Carbonell1967, Author ={Carbonell,Jaime R.},
Title ={On Man-Computer Interaction: A Model and Some related Issues},
Journal ={BBN report AD 666 666,},
Year =1967, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at BBN (Cambridge MA) Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Cardenas1973, Author ={Cardenas,A.F.},
Title ={Evaluation and Selection of File Organization --- A Model and a System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1973, Month =Sep,
Pages ="540--548",
Volume ="16",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ Tree, indexed, and ring files compared for six files and various retrieval requests. Category ={DBFtechn> DBFhybrid> } }

@article{Carbonell1968, Author ={Carbonell,J.R., Elkind,J.I., and Nickerson,R.S.},
Title ={On the Psychological Importance of Time in a Time Sharing System},
Journal ={Human Factors.},
Year =1968, Month Apr,
Pages ="135--142",
Volume ="10",
Category ={DBFuse-2>} }

@article{Cardenas1975, Author ={Cardenas,A.F.},
Title ={Analysis and Performance of Inverted Data Base Structures},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1975, Month =May,
Pages ="253--264",
Volume ="18",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBFindex.4> DBDseven.2.3> DBDdesign>} }

@article{Cardenas1977, Author ={Cardenas,A.F. and Sagamang,J.P.},
Title ={Doubly-Chained Tree Data Base Organization: Analysis and Design Strategies},
Journal ={Comput.J..},
Year =1977, Pages ="15--26",
Volume ="10",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFhash.6> DBDdesign>} }

@incollection{Carbonell1980, Author ={Carbonell,Jaime G.},
Title ={Default Reasoning and Inheritance Mechanisms on Type Hierarchies},
Booktitle ={Proc.Workshop on Data Abstraction, Databases, and Conceptual Modelling, Brodie (ed).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="107--109",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Carbonell1981, Author ={Carbonell,J.G. and Hayes,P.J.},
Title ={Dynamic Strategy Selection in Flexible Parsing,},
Booktitle ={Proc.American Journal of Computational Linguistics 19, Stanford CA..},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ACL Category ={DBDquery.3.4>} }

@article{Carbonell1982, Author ={Carbonell,J., Hendrix,G., Hill,J., Joshi,A., Kaplan,J., Petrick,S., Sacerdoti,E., and Waltz,D.},
Title ={Report on Natural-Language Interfaces},
Journal ={JAmerican Journal of Computational Linguistics, to be published very soon ( note).},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ Natural-Language Interface Panel at the Workshop on Applied Computational Linguistics in Perspective, held 26-27Jun.1981 at Stanford Un.. includes bibliography, entries listed with = ACL Category ={DBDnat, x? } }

@inproceedings{Carbonell1984, Author ={Carbonell,Jaime G.},
Title ={Is there Natural Language after Data Bases?},
Booktitle ={COLING .},
Year =1984, Pages ="186--187",
Category ={DBDnat>} }

@book{Cardenas1979, Author ={Cardenas,A.F.},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems},
Publisher ={Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 1984.},
Year =1979, Category ={DBFintro> DBDintro.0, DB book shelf} }

@article{Cardenas1980, Author ={Cardenas,A. and Pirahesh,M.H.},
Title ={Database Communication in a Heterogeneous Data Base Management System Network},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press ,},
Year =1980, Pages ="55--79",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={model is ER, implementation CODASYL. Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb> } }

@article{Cardenas1987, Author ={Cardenas,Alfonso F.},
Title ={Heterogeneous Distributed Database Management: the HD-DBMS},
Journal ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="588--600",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD Category ={DBDdist, xissue} }

@article{Cardenas1983, Author ={Cardenas,A.F., Alavian,F., and Aviziensis,A.},
Title ={Performance of Recovery Architectures in Parallel Associative Database Processors},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Pages ="291-323",
Volume ="8",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at UCLA three methods of recovery in logic-per-track processors are analyzed. Category ={DBFmach> DBFrepresent.5> } }

@book{Cardenas1985, Author ={Cardenas,A.F.},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems, 2nd edition},
Publisher ={Allyn and Bacon, 745pp; ACM Computing Reviews 8604-0293.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ 3 intro chapters(156pp), 8 DBMS chapters: CODASYL, Total, IMS, System 2000, Relational approach, SQL/DS, QBE, 5 chapters: FDs, DBA, DDict.,DBM, Distr.DB, Appendix: devices, query characterization. added chapters Relational Database Management Systems, Data Dictionary/Directory Systems, Database Machines, and Distributed Database Management Systems, included chapters on the features and facilities of a number of commercially available Database Management Systems, plenty of examples --- Grimson. Category ={DBFintro, X } }

@article{Cardelli1985, Author ={Cardelli,L., and Wegner,P.},
Title ={On Understanding Types, Data Abstraction, and Polymorphism},
Journal ={ACM Comp.Surv..},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Pages ="471--522",
Volume ="17",
Number ="4",
Annote ={Ada examples, full set of type inference rules. Category ={DBDlang, DBFile Wegner } }

@article{Cardelli1990, Author ={Cardelli,L.},
Title ={Semantics of Multiple Inheritance},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={unknown>} }

@book{Cardenas1990, Author ={Cardenas,A. and McLeod,D. (eds.)},
Title ={Research Foundations in Object-Oriented and Semantic Database Systems},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 432pp.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ SDM, commonloops, POSTGRES, Iris(Fishman et al), SIM, PICQUERY Category ={DBDobject> } }

@techreport{Carey1983, Author ={Carey,M.J.},
Title ={Granularity Hierarchies in Concurrency Control},
Institution ={UCB, Memo UCB, Elec.Res.Lab, M831.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDintegrity.1, DBfile} }

@techreport{Carey1983:1, Author ={Carey,Michael J.},
Title ={An Abstract Model of Database Concurrency},
Institution ={UCB, Memo UCB, Elec.Res.Lab, M836.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDintegrity.1, DBfile} }

@techreport{Carey1983:2, Author ={Carey,Michael J.},
Title ={Modeling and Evaluation of Database Concurrency Control Algorithms},
Institution ={UCB, PhD Th., Elec.Res.Lab, Memo 8356.},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ simulation, some proofs. Blocking is better than restarts on single sites. Category ={DBDintegrity.1, thesis shelf } }

@inproceedings{Carey1984, Author ={Carey,M.J., DeWitt,D., and Graefe,G.},
Title ={Mechanisms for Concurrency Control and Recovery in Prolog --- A Proposal},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin (Madison) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Carey1986, Author ={Carey,M.J. and Lu,H.},
Title ={Load Balancing in a Locally Distributed DB System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Carey, Author ={Carey,M.J., DeWitt,D.J., Richardson,J.E., and Shekita,E.J.},
Title ={Object and File Management in the EXODUS Extensible Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc. Intern. Workshp. on Object-Oriented Databases, K.Dittrich and U.Dayal(eds), Asilomar CA, 198?.},
Month =Sep,
Pages ="52--65",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Carey1986:1, Author ={Carey,M.J. et al.},
Title ={The architecture of the EXODUS Extensible DBMS},
Booktitle ={Int Workshop on Object Oriented Database Systems,Pacific Grove CA.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Carey1987, Author ={Carey,M.J.},
Title ={Improving the Performance of an Optimistic Concurrency Control Algorithm through Timestamps and Versions},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-13 .},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Pages ="746--751",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDconc>} }

@article{Carey1987:1, Author ={Carey,M.J. and DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={An Overview of the EXODUS Project},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="107--114",
Volume ="6",
Category ={DBDimplement>} }

@techreport{Carey1987:2, Author ={Carey,M.J., DeWitt,D.J., and Vandenberg,S.L.},
Title ={A Data Model and Query Language for EXODUS},
Institution ={CS-TR-734.},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison, CSD EXCESS and EXTRA Category ={DBDmodel> DBDobject> DBDquery, DBfile } }

@article{Carey1989, Author ={Carey,M.J. and Livny,M.},
Title ={Parallelism and Concurrency Control Performance in Distributed Database Machines},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={ Four algorithms, distributed 2PL, wound-wait, basic timestamp ordering and a distributed optimistic algorithm. A combination of ?? 2PL and global ??seems best. Includes replication. Ref.FAUVE, uses simulator. ---Gio. Category ={DBDperf> DBDdist> DBDconc> at Un.Wisconsin, (Madison), CSD Order still and more so shown by simulation: Two phase locking is best, then woundwait, basic time stamp ordering, optimistic. Category ={DBDdist> DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{Carey1989:1, Author ={Carey,M, Jauhari,R., and Livny,M.},
Title ={Priority in DBMS Resource Scheduling},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at CSD, Un.Wisconsin (Madison WI) Priority scheduling; the objectives of priority scheduling can not be met by a single priority-based buffer management policy. Category ={DBDobject> DBDperf> DBFperf> } }

@incollection{Carey1990, Author ={Carey,M., DeWitt,D., et al.},
Title ={The EXODUS Extensible DBMS Project: An Overview},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Carey1990:1, Author ={Carey,M., Krishnamurthi,S., and Livny,M.},
Title ={Load Control for Locking: The `Half-and-Half' Approach},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Nashville.},
Year =1990, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Carey1990:2, Author ={Carey,M., Shekita,E., Lapis,G., Lindsay,B., and McPherson,J.},
Title ={An Incremental Join Attachment for Starburst},
Booktitle ={IBM Rep.RJ 7544.},
Year =1990, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ a pointer-based access structure has been added to the Starburst extensible DBMS; the Starburst IMS attachment provides support for pointer- based joins and inter-relation clustering;' it adds hidden pointer fields to related records and keeps them up-top-date as related records are inserted, deleted, or modified; includes tests on an IBM RT under AIX Category ={DBDrel, DBfile IBM } }

@inproceedings{Carey1991, Author ={Carey, M.J., Franklin,M.J., Livney,M., and Shekita,E.J.},
Title ={Data Caching Tradeoffs in Client-Server DBMS Architectures},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={caching, performance, client-server ---King. Category ={DBFhard> DBFdist> } }

@article{Carey1991:1, Author ={Carey,M. and Livny,M.},
Title ={Conflict Detection Tradeoffs for Replicated Data},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Volume ="16",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Carey1993, Author ={Carey,M., DeWitt,D., and Naughton,J.},
Title ={The DEC 007 Benchmark},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Carlis1980, Author ={Carlis,John V. and Held,James P.},
Title ={MATCH- A New High-level Relational Operator for Pattern Matching},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDoperations>} }

@article{Carlis1981, Author ={Carlis,J.F., March,S.T., and Dickson,G.W.},
Title ={Physical Database Design --- A DSS Approach},
Journal ={Conference on Information Systems, sponsored by SMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS, TInternational Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems, ACM SIGBDP II, Ross(ed).},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Pages ="153--172",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota Uses Decision Support System to help DBA in Design. Category ={DBFsyseval.3> } }

@article{Carlis1983, Author ={Carlis,J.V. and March,S.T.},
Title ={Computer-aided Physical Database Design Methodology},
Journal ={Computer Performance.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@article{Carlis1983:1, Author ={Carlis,J.V., March,S.T., and Dickson,G.W.},
Title ={Physical Database Design: A DSS Approach},
Journal ={Information and Management, N-H .},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Pages ="211--224",
Volume ="6",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota, Minneapolis Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Carlis1984, Author ={Carlis,J.V., and March,S.T.},
Title ={A Descriptive Model of Physical Database Design: Problems and Solutions},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles. rcvd Sep.1986},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Minnesota Category ={DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@article{Carlis1985, Author ={Carlis,J.V. and Held,J.P.},
Title ={Conceptual Data Modelling of an Expert System},
Journal ={ER 4, Chicago,},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDkb, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Carlis1986, Author ={Carlis,J.V.},
Title ={HAS, a Relational Algebra Operator or Divide is Not Enough to Conquer},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ relates divide to Group-by operation, generalizes to 16 cases. Category ={DBDops, DBfile } }

@article{Carlis1986:1, Author ={Carlis,J.V., Beyer,D. and March,S.},
Title ={A Decision Framework and Survey of Research in the Physical Design of},
Journal ={Un.Minnesota,},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@techreport{Carlis1986:2, Author ={Carlis,J.V.},
Title ={Logical Data Structures},
Institution ={Un.Minnesota, TR 85-23.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Annote ={ foundation for GALEN. Many mapping and modeling issues formulated. Category ={DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@article{Carlis1986:3, Author ={Carlis,J.V. and March,S.},
Title ={On the Interdependencies between Record Structure and Access Path Design},
Journal ={Un.Minnesota.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Category ={DBFhybrid, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Carlson1976, Author ={Carlson,C.R. and Kaplan,R.S.},
Title ={A Generalized Access Path Model and Its Application to a Relational Data Base System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 76, Rothnie(ed).},
Year =1976, Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Carlson1979, Author ={Carlson,C.R. and Arora,A.A.},
Title ={The Updatability of Relational Views Based on Functional Dependencies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 5, Furtado and Morgan(eds), Rio de Janeiro, pp.415.},
Year =1979, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDschema.5.1> DBDschema.3.4> VOD>} }

@inproceedings{Carlson1983, Author ={Carlson,C.R. and Arora,A.K.},
Title ={UPM: A format Tool For Expressing Database Update Semantics},
Booktitle ={ER 3, Davis et al (eds), N-H, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8407-0584.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Pages ="517-525",
Annote ={at Standard Oil, Chicago Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@techreport{Carlson1983:1, Author ={Carlson,E.R.(ed)},
Title ={Databases for Business and Office Applications, Proc.of Annual Meeting},
Institution ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 83, Database Week, San Jose, 190pp.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Category ={DBappl>} }

@article{Carlson1985, Author ={Carlson,C.R. and Arora,A.K.},
Title ={Towards the Next Generation of Data Modeling Tools},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-11 no,9.},
Year =1985, Month =Sep,
Pages ="966-970",
Annote ={at IIT, Chicago UPM models update transactions. Category ={DBDops.4> } }

@incollection{Carmo1987, Author ={Carmo,J. and Sernadas,A.},
Title ={A Layered Approach to Information Systems},
Booktitle ={Temporal Aspects in Information Systems, N- H, to be pub. in .},
Year =1987, Annote ={at INESC/IST, Lisboa, Portugal Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@techreport{Carnese1985, Author ={Carnese,D.J},
Title ={Multiple Inheritance in Contemporary Programming Languages},
Institution ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT, LCS, TR-328.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Carr1971, Author ={Carr,M.R.},
Title ={A Survey of Management Information Systems Literature},
Journal ={Computer Bulletin,},
Year =1971, Month =Jun,
Pages ="218--223",
Volume ="15",
Number ="6",
Annote ={Bibliography on applications. Category ={DBDintro.8>} }

@book{Carrabis1987, Author ={Carrabis,Joseph-Conrad},
Title ={dBase III Plus Programmer's Library},
Publisher ={SAManagement Science, Journal of TIMS, 522pp.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Listings of ready-made application modules. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@book{Carrabis1987:1, Author ={Carrabis,Joseph-David},
Title ={dBASE III PLUS: The Complete Reference},
Publisher ={OsborneMacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 745pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8904-0194.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Fair advanced use. Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@inproceedings{Carriero1988, Author ={Carriero,N. and Gelernter,D.},
Title ={Applications Experience with Linda},
Booktitle ={ACM Sigplan PEAGS Conf.},
Year =1988, Annote ={parallel execution of DNA search, ICM monitor Category ={GENE> MIS, DBfile Gelernter } }

@inproceedings{Carroll1987, Author ={Carroll,J.C., Long,D.D.E., and Paris,J-F.},
Title ={Block-Level Consistency of Replicated Files},
Booktitle ={Proc. IEEE DCS-7, Berlin.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at SDSU replication. Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliable> } }

@inproceedings{Carroll1970, Author ={Carroll,J.M. and McLelland,P.M.},
Title ={Fast 'Infinite-Key' Privacy Transformations for Resource-Sharing Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1970, Pages ="223--230",
Volume ="37",
Category ={DBFrepresent-5>} }

@inproceedings{Carroll1971, Author ={Carroll,J.M., McHardy,L., Martin,R., and Moravec,H.},
Title ={Multi-Dimensional Security Program for a Generalized Information Retrieval System},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1971, Pages ="571--577",
Volume ="39",
Category ={DBDprivacy.3>} }

@article{Carrol1972, Author ={Carrol,John M.},
Title ={Snapshot 1971 --- How Canada Organizes Information about People},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1972, Pages ="445--452",
Volume ="41",
Annote ={at Un.Western Ontario (London, Canada) Extensive study on movement of private data and personal attitudes towards privacy. Category ={DBDprivacy.1> } }

@techreport{Carrol1977, Author ={Carrol,J.M.},
Title ={Database and Computer Systems Security},
Institution ={ADL, The Data Base Monograph Series: 10 Reports, ?, 60pp.},
Year =1977, Annote ={ Covers security factors and facilities including physical access, user identification, program isolation, integrity, detection, and surveillance. Category ={DBFintro.2> } }

@article{Carrol1983, Author ={Carrol,J.M. and Wu,O-L.},
Title ={Methodology for Security Analysis of Data-Processing Systems},
Journal ={Comput.Secur., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8411-0951.},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Pages ="24--34",
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={Modeled in PROLOG. Category ={DBDprivacy>} }

@book{Carrol1958, Author ={Carrol,Lewis},
Title ={Symbolic Logic},
Publisher ={Dover Publications NY, 166pp.},
Year =1958, Annote ={Appendix addressed to teachers. Category ={DBDintro.9>} }

@inproceedings{Carswell1986, Author ={Carswell,J. and Navathe,S.B.},
Title ={SA-ER: A Methodology that Links Structured Analysis, and Entity Relationship Modeling for Database Design},
Booktitle ={E-R 5, Dijon, France.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Carter1986, Author ={Carter,Harold W.},
Title ={Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Pages ="19--36",
Volume ="19",
Number ="4",
Annote ={introduction , connects to VLSI design systems. Category ={EIS> } }

@article{Carter1979, Author ={Carter,J.L. and Wegman,M.N.},
Title ={Universal Classes of Hash Functions},
Journal ={To appear in Jour. of Comp. Sys. Sci about},
Year =1979, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC (Yorktown Heights NY) Category ={DBDdesign.7.5, DBfile } }

@article{Carter1984, Author ={Carter,M.P.},
Title ={Costing management information---a more formal approach},
Journal ={J.Inf.Sci.Princ.Pract., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-?.},
Year =1984, Pages ="117--122",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at North Staffordshire Polytechnic (UK) Category ={DBDeval> } }

@article{Carter1985, Author ={Carter,M.P.},
Title ={The valuing of management information. Part II: using the cost of not having information},
Journal ={J.Inf.Sci.Princ.Pract.,; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-?.},
Year =1985, Pages ="51--58",
Volume ="10",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at North Staffordshire Polytechnic (UK) Category ={DBDeval> } }

@article{Carter1985:1, Author ={Carter,M.P.},
Title ={The valuing of management information. Part III: estimation heuristics},
Journal ={J.Inf.Sci.Princ.Pract., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-?.},
Year =1985, Pages ="95--98",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDeval>} }

@article{Carter1985:2, Author ={Carter,M.P.},
Title ={The valuing of management information. Part IV: a practical approach},
Journal ={J.Inf.Sci.Princ.Pract., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-?.},
Year =1985, Pages ="143--147",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at North Staffordshire Polytechnic (UK) Category ={DBDeval> } }

@inproceedings{Casanova1980, Author ={Casanova,M. and Bernstein,P.A.},
Title ={A Formal System for Reasoning about Programs Accessing a Relational Database},
Booktitle ={ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems.},
Year =1980, Month =Jul,
Pages ="386--414",
Volume ="2",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDrel.2> DBDkb>} }

@book{Casanova1981, Author ={Casanova,M.A.},
Title ={The Concurrency Control Problem for Database Systems},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Computer Science, Goos and Hartmanis(eds).},
Year =1981, Volume ="116",
Annote ={ Correctness criteria for general purpose schedulers. Transaction systems. Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@techreport{Casanova1982, Author ={Casanova,M.A., Fagin,R., and Papadimitriou,C.H.},
Title ={Inclusion Dependencies and Their Interaction with Functional Dependencies},
Institution ={IBM, Res.Report RJ3380 (40160).},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at PUC Rio de Janeiro, IBM and MIT. Category ={DBDtheory.2> } }

@inproceedings{Casanova1983, Author ={Casanova,M., and Vidal,M.},
Title ={Towards a sound view integration methodology},
Booktitle ={2nd ACM SIGACTSIGMODPODS, Atlanta, Ga..},
Year =1983, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Casanova1984, Author ={Casanova,M.A. and AmaralDeSa,J.E.},
Title ={Mapping Uninterpreted Schemes into Entity-Relationship Diagrams: Two Applications to Conceptual Schema Design},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Pages ="82--94",
Volume ="28",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@article{Casanova1985, Author ={Casanova,M.A., Moura,A.V., and Tucherman,L.},
Title ={On the Correctness of a Local Recovery Subsystem},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at IBM, Brasil Category ={DBFuse-4> DBDtrans>} }

@inproceedings{Casanova1988, Author ={Casanova,M,and Tucherman,L., and Furtado,A.L.},
Title ={Enforcing Inclusion Dependencies and Referential Integrity},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="38--49",
Category ={DBDmodel> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Casanova1989, Author ={Casanova,M.A., Tucherman,L., Furtado,A.L., and Braga,A.P.},
Title ={Optimization of Relational Schemas Containing Inclusion Dependencies},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) Complex objects; preserve inclusion dependency in the presence of insertions and deletions; first eliminates inclusion dependencies which are redundant; discards dependencies through a structural transformation that preserves the semantics of the data. Also for subset inclusion. Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign> } }

@article{Casanova1991, Author ={Casanova,M., Furtado,A., and Tucherman,L.},
Title ={A Software Tool for Modular Database Design},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="16",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ first modularize, then use the tool to develop and maintain schemas; functions declared to enforce constraints Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@techreport{Casas1986, Author ={Casas,Ignacio R.},
Title ={Prophet: A Layered Analytical Model for Performance Prediction of Database Systems},
Institution ={Un.Toronto, TR-CSRI-180.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Toronto, CSRI Category ={DBDperf, x} }

@inproceedings{Casas1989, Author ={Casas,I.R. and Sevcik,K.C.},
Title ={A Buffer Management Model For Use in Predicting Overall Database System Performance},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFperform>} }

@inproceedings{Casais1988, Author ={Casais,Eduardo},
Title ={An Object Oriented System Implementing KNOs},
Booktitle ={ACM Conf.on Office Information Systems.(>1988?).},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="284-290",
Annote ={at Un.Geneva dynamic properties argument inheritance, sim. Hypercard on SUNet Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb> DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Caseau1989, Author ={Caseau,Y.},
Title ={A Formal System for Producing Demons from Rules in an Object-Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Casey1972, Author ={Casey,R.G.},
Title ={Allocation of Copies of Files in an Information Network},
Booktitle ={Proc.SJCC , AFIPS .},
Year =1972, Pages ="617-625",
Volume ="40",
Annote ={ Relaxes the assumption of fixed number of copies and stressed the difference between updates and retrieval. Demonstrates several properties of the optimal assignment of files to nodes in a network with multiply-located files. A test useful in determining the optimum configuration is derived. Category ={DBFtechn.4.4> DBFstorage-3.1,.4> DBDdesign> DBDdist, Shel } }

@article{Casey1973, Author ={Casey,R.G.},
Title ={Design of Tree Networks for Distributed Data},
Journal ={Proc.Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA) , AFIPS .},
Year =1973, Pages ="251--257",
Volume ="42",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab Networks are restricted to tree structures. A procedure for finding the close to optimal network (file location, line capacities and network topology) is described. Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Casey1974, Author ={Casey,R.G. and Osman,I.},
Title ={Generalized Page Replacement Algorithms in a Relational Data Base},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed).},
Year =1974, Category ={DBDperf>} } @misc{Cashing1991, Author ={Cashing, Douglas L.},
Title ={A programmer's Guide to File Processing},
Howpublished ={PWS-Kent, 199 pp.},
Year =1991, Annote ={at Bonaventure College (NY) informal, mainly textual descriptions. Category ={DBFintro, x } }

@article{Cashman1973, Author ={Cashman,Michael},
Title ={A Read-Write Optical Memory},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1973, Month Mar,
Pages ="66--69",
Annote ={at Datamation Description of Harris-Intertype Holographic store Category ={DBFhard.1>%Cashman73 } }

@inproceedings{Castano1992, Author ={Castano,S., DeAntonellis,V., and Zonta,B.},
Title ={Classifying and Reusing Conceptual Schemas},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .11, Karlsruhe.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Castellanos1991, Author ={Castellanos,M. and Saltor,F.},
Title ={Semantic Enrichment of Database Schemas: An Object Oriented Approach},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Castellanos1993, Author ={Castellanos,M.},
Title ={A Methodology for Semantically Enriching Interoperable Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Politecnica de Catalunya Category ={DBDdist>} }

@incollection{Castelli1989, Author ={Castelli,Eugenio},
Title ={Symmetry Based Approach to Mechanical Drawings Retrieval, an AI Application},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC-2.6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="405--413",
Annote ={at Polit.Milano, Dep.Meccanica Retrieval by semantics as mechanical function. Solid modeling representation as parameterized prototypes, constructive models (CSG), and boundary representation (B.R.). Category ={DBDimage> EIS> DBDappl> } }

@inproceedings{Castillo1986, Author ={Castillo,A., Corcoran,S., and Scacchi,W.},
Title ={A UNIX Based Gist Specification Processor: The System Factory Experience},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Castleman1967, Author ={Castleman,P.A.},
Title ={User-defined Syntax in a General Information Storage and Retrieval System},
Booktitle ={NCIR 4 (Philadelphia PA), Tonik(ed).},
Year =1967, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@book{Castro1988, Author ={Castro,L., Hanson,J., and Rettig,T.},
Title ={Advanced Programmer's Guide Featuring dBASE III and dBASE II},
Publisher ={Ashton-Tate Books, 679pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8904-0194.},
Year =1988, Annote ={at Ashton-Tate, (Torrance CA) This is a small phone book full of often interesting tidbits about dBASE II and III. Some parts of it could use some work, but it is reasonably complete and correct. It includes descriptions of .DBF and .NDX file formats for both dBASE II and III; it doesn't have dBASE III .NDX format. Good advanced use. Category ={DBDintro> DBappl> DBDimpl> } }

@inproceedings{Catarci1988, Author ={Catarci,T. and Santucci,G.},
Title ={Query by Diagram: A Graphic Query System},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .7, Rome,},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Catarci1988:1, Author ={Catarci,T. and Ferrara,F.M.},
Title ={OPTIMER: an Automated Tool for Supporting the Logical Design Within a Complete CASE Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. . 7, Rome,},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy Category ={DBDdesign> EIS>} }

@inproceedings{Catarci1990, Author ={Catarci,T., D'Angiolini,G., and Lenzerini,M.},
Title ={Concept Description Language for Statistical Data Modelling},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={Statistics> DBDmodel>} }

@article{Caton1976, Author ={Caton,J.M. and Schroeder,J.R.},
Title ={SPIDOC: An Integrated Database Approach to the Management and Use of Reference Documentation},
Journal ={Proc.of Share XLVII, Montreal, Quebec.},
Year =1976, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Caton1976:1, Author ={Caton,J.M. and Sack,J.R.},
Title ={Managing Computer Center Documentation with an Integrated Database},
Journal ={Proc.of SIGUCC of ACM, Tucson.},
Year =1976, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDintro.8>} }

@techreport{Cattell, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={Design and Implmentation of a Relationship-Entity-Datum Data Model},
Institution ={Xerox, Palo Alto, Rep. CSL-83-4.},
Category ={DBDschema.6, Home file>} }

@inproceedings{Cattell1980, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={Integrating a Database System and Programming/Information Environment},
Booktitle ={ACM Pingree Park Workshop, Brodie(ed).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="110--111",
Annote ={at Xerox, PARC Work on the Cedar programming environment. Category ={DBDmodel.0> } }

@inproceedings{Cattell1980:1, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={An entity-based database interface},
Booktitle ={Proc. ACM-SIGMOD.},
Year =1980, Pages ="144--150",
Annote ={browsing. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Cattell1983, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={Design and Implementation of a Relationship-Entity-Datum Data Model},
Institution ={Xerox Corp, (Palo Alto), TR-CSL-83-4.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDmodel.6, Home file} }

@techreport{Cattell1984, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={A Paradigm for Database Editing, Browsing, and Query},
Institution ={Xerox Corp, CSL, Palo Alto, rcvd for TODS .},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Cattell1987, Author ={Cattell,R.},
Title ={Simplify: A Workstation Interface to a DBMS},
Institution ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Sun Microsystems. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Cattell1989, Author ={Cattell,R.G. and Skeen,J.},
Title ={Engineering DBMS Benchmark},
Institution ={rcvd. .},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={ at Sun Microsystems, Database Engineering Group, (Mountain View CA) Follow-up of Rubenstein et al. 'Benchmarking Simple Database Operations', ACM SIGMOD 87. Describe the simplified benchmark and new results obtained running it on relational and object-oriented systems. Caching in workstation-server environment. ---BSLee. model-independent, with some measurements attached Category ={DBDeval> EIS> DBDobject, DBfile } }

@book{Cattell1991, Author ={Cattell,R.G.G.},
Title ={Object Data Management: Object-Oriented and Extended Relational Database Systems},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 350pp.},
Year =1991, Annote ={ aplied anonymously to Objectivity-DB, Object Design Object Store, Ontologic ONTOS, Versant, and a Relational DBMS Category ={DBDobject> DBDperf> } }

@article{Cattell1992, Author ={Cattell,R. and Skeen,J.},
Title ={Object Operations Benchmark},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month Mar,
Volume ="17",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Cauvet1988, Author ={Cauvet,C., Proix,C., and Rolland,C.},
Title ={Information systems design: an expert system approach},
Booktitle ={IFIP TC-2, Canton China.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at France Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Cavallo1987, Author ={Cavallo,R., and Pittarelli,M.},
Title ={The Theory of Probabilistic Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@manual{CCA1981, Author ={CCA},
Title ={Codasyl Query Language FLAT (CQLF) Specifications, and Codasyl Query Language FLAT (CQLF) Capabilities Description},
Organization ={reports submitted to National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). .},
Year =1981, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at CCA (Cambridge MA) work by Manola, Pirotte, Blaustein, and Ries. Category ={DBDquery.3.3, manual file CCA } }

@inproceedings{Celentano1992, Author ={Celentano,A., Fugini,M., and Pozzi,S.},
Title ={Conceptual Document Browsing and Retrieval in Kabiria},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Politecnico di Milano knowledge document on structure and text and the environment where documents are used; three activities: classification, filing, and retrieval according to structure, contents, and role of documents and to the domain dependencies between office environment and the domain context Category ={DBDbiblio> } }

@techreport{Celeux1988, Author ={Celeux,Gilles},
Title ={Le Traitement des Donnees Manquantes dans le Logiciel SICLA},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-102, Programme 5.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at INRIA Fill in missing data from neighbors using 1) independence assumptions and averages, 2) independence and random numbers, 3) correlated with given means and variances, 4) same with gaussian random selction. No discussion of effect on statistics of subsequent operations. ---Gio. Category ={DBDrepresent, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Cellary1980, Author ={Cellary,W. and Meyer,D.},
Title ={A Simple Model of Query Scheduling in Distributed Data Base Systems},
Booktitle ={Information Processing Letters, North-Holland. .},
Year =1980, Month Apr,
Pages ="137--147",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Cellary1988, Author ={Cellary,W., Krolikoqski,Z., and Morzy,T.},
Title ={Other comments on 'Optimization Algorithms for Distributed Queries'},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month Apr,
Volume ="14",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at TU.Ponan, Inst. Control Eng., Poland Comment on Apers, Hefner, and Yao, IEEE TSE, 1983. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@book{Cellary1988:1, Author ={Cellary,W., Gelenbe,E., and Morzy,T.},
Title ={Concurrency Control in Distributed Database Systems},
Publisher ={N-H, 350pp.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ algorithms and their performance, syntactic and semantic concurrency control models, for monoversion DDBSs locking timestamp validation and hybrid methods, also multiversion DDBSs Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Cercone1985, Author ={Cercone,N., Boates,J., and Krause,M.},
Title ={An Interactive System for Finding Perfect Hash Functions},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="38--53",
Volume ="2",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFhash.5.1>} }

@inproceedings{Ceri1980, Author ={Ceri,S., Pelagatti,G., and Bracchi,G.},
Title ={Integrated Specification of Static and Dynamic Requirements of Database Applications: The Transaction Definition Language},
Booktitle ={IFIP.},
Year =1980, Annote ={at Polit.Milano (Italy) Category ={DBappl> DBDquery, DBfile } }

@article{Ceri1980:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Martella,G., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Optimal File Allocation for a Distributed Database on a Network of Minicomputers},
Journal ={Proc. Intern.Conference on Databases, British Computer Society 1, Aberdeen, Hayden Publishers. },
Year =1980, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ Considers the problem of database allocation rather than file allocation with a simpler model of transaction execution than Casey and without considering horizontal partitioning. Category ={DBFmethods.4.4> DBDdist> DBDdesign> } }

@book{Ceri1980:2, Author ={Ceri,S., Pelagatti,G., and Bracchi,G.},
Title ={Structured Methodology for Designing Static and Dynamic Aspects of Database Applications},
Publisher ={Pergamon.},
Year =1980, Annote ={at Polit.Milano Category ={DBDdesign> DBappl, DBfile} }

@article{Ceri1981, Author ={Ceri,S. Pelagatti,G., and Bracchi,G.},
Title ={Structured Methodology for Designing Static and Dynamic Aspects of Database Applications},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press .},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Volume ="6",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFmethods.4.5>} }

@techreport{Ceri1981:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Navathe,S., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Optimal Design of Distributed Databases},
Institution ={CS Report No.STAN-CS-81-884.},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBFmethods.4> DBDdist> DBDdesign> DBDquery> } }

@article{Ceri1982, Author ={Ceri,S. and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Allocation of Operations in Distributed Database Access},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C-32 .},
Year =1982, Month =Feb,
Pages ="119--128",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Polit.Milano, Dpt.di Elettronica (Italy) A model for allocating the operations which are required by a transaction on a distributed database...as a set of partial operations performed on different nodes...optimality is the minimization of transmission costs. Category ={DBFmethods.4.4> DBDdesign> DBDrel.3> } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1982:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Negri,M., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Horizontal Data Partitioning in Database Design},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 82, Schkolnick(ed), Orlando FL.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Ceri1983, Author ={Ceri,S. and Navathe,S.B.},
Title ={A Methodology for the Distribution Design of Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPCON 26, San Francisco.},
Year =1983, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Polit.Milano; Un.Florida Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist> DBappl> } }

@book{Ceri1983:1, Author ={Ceri,S.(ed)},
Title ={Methodology and Tools for Data Base Design},
Publisher ={N-H.},
Year =1983, Annote ={ Report on 3-year progress on DATAID. Contributions by DeAntonellis, Demo, Bussolati, Ceri, Zonta, Batini, Lenzerini. Moscarini, Bertaina, DiLeva, Giolito, Staniszkis, Sacca, Manfredi, Mecchia, Bonfatti, Maio, Tiberio, Colombetti, Guida, Somalvico, Bracchi, Pelagatti, Atzini, Carboni, Villanelli, Albano, Orsini. Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign.7> DBDadmin> } }

@techreport{Ceri1983:2, Author ={Ceri,S. and Reghizzi,S.C.},
Title ={Relational Data Bases in the Design of Program Construction Systems},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, TR-83-8.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@techreport{Ceri1983:3, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Joining Fragmented Relations in Distributed Databases},
Institution ={Lab di Calcolatori, Polit.Milano, TR-83-9.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@article{Ceri1983:4, Author ={Ceri,S., Navathe,S., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Distribution Design of Logical Database Schemas},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-9 .},
Year =1983, Month =Jul,
Pages ="487--563",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ input is cardinalities of relations and connections, candidate partitionings into fragments, transaction access and frequencies. An linear integer(0-1) programming model describes the choices and is solved. The results on a sample were evaluated and non-obvious. Category ={DBFmethods.4.4> DBDdist> DBDdesign.7.5> DBDdesign> } }

@article{Ceri1983:5, Author ={Ceri,S. and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Correctness of Query Execution in Distributed Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 8412-1026.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Pages ="577--607",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Ceri1983:6, Author ={Ceri,S. and Reghizzi,S.Crespi},
Title ={Relational Data Bases in the Design of Program Construction Systems},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, Lab.Calcolatori, TR.83-8.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@techreport{Ceri1983:7, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Joining Fragmented Relations in Distributed Databases},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, Lab.Calcolatori, TR.83-9.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@book{Ceri1984, Author ={Ceri,S. and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Distributed Database Design: Principles and Systems},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY).},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDdist> DBDmodel>} }

@techreport{Ceri1984:1, Author ={Ceri,S. and Gottlob,G.},
Title ={Join Optimization with Partioned Relations in Distributed Databases},
Institution ={Lab di Calcolatori, Polit.Milano, TR-84-15,},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ minimize transmission costs. Avoids semi-join reductions if fragments will not be moved. Consider semantics of fragment assignment to avoid joins. Category ={DBDperf> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1984:2, Author ={Ceri,S., Pernici,B., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={An Overview of Research in the Design of Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE Database Engineering.},
Year =1984, Pages ="227--232",
Volume ="3",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist>} }

@article{Ceri1985, Author ={Ceri,S. and Pernici,B.},
Title ={DATAID-D: Methodology for Distributed Database Design},
Journal ={To appear in `Computer-Aided Database Design' N-H.},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist, DBfile} }

@techreport{Ceri1985:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Pernici,B., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Design Support Environment for Distributed Databases},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, Dep.d.Elettronica, Lab.d.Calc., Res.R. -7.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Number ="85",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist>} }

@article{Ceri1985:2, Author ={Ceri,S. and Gottlob,G.},
Title ={Normalization of Relations and PROLOG},
Journal ={Polit.Milano, Dep.Elettronica, Lab.d.Calc. TR..},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDkb> DBDmodel, DBFile} }

@techreport{Ceri1985:3, Author ={Ceri,S.},
Title ={Proposal of a Standard database for Cystic Fibrosis},
Institution ={Milano-Stanford, draft.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Category ={MCS>} }

@unpublished{Ceri1985:4, Author ={Ceri,S, and Warwick,W.W.},
Title ={Design and Development of CFDB : A Standard Database for Cystic Fibrosis},
Note ={Rcvd .},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Category ={MCS>} }

@article{Ceri1985:5, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Interfacing Relational Databases and Prolog Efficiently},
Journal ={in 'Expert Database Systems', Kerschberg(ed), Benjamin/Cummings Publishers.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ efficiency issue in interfacing between a relational database and a Prolog interpreter. The approach is to use a loading mechanism which retrieves information from the secondary storage database and stores it in the main memory in a concise form, which can be used by the Prolog interpreter. The loading mechanism works in two ways. First, prior to the execution of the Prolog program, the loading mechanism determines those predicates which correspond to small relations and retrieves all the data of the relations into main memory. Second, during execution, the loading mechanism interacts with the main memory database to determine whether the access to data in the secondary storage is unavoidable, and performs queries on the secondary storage database only in that case. For this purpose,a 'tracer' is needed to keep track of the instances of database facts fetched into the main memory. Although the loading mechanism was implemented in the Prolog environment, the ideas of the approach are also applicable to the LISP environment. The implementation was partially completed. ---BYLee Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Ceri1985:6, Author ={Ceri,S., and Pernici,B.},
Title ={Chapter VIII: Dataid-D: Methodology for Distributed DAtabase Design},
Journal ={Comp. Aided DB Design, N-H},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Polit.Milano Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@article{Ceri1984:3, Author ={Ceri,S., and Gottlob,G.},
Title ={Translating SQL into Relational Algebra: Optimization, Semantics, and Equivalence of SQL Queries},
Journal ={Polit.Milano, Lab.di Calcolatori, TR-84-16.},
Year =1984, Annote ={at Polit.Milano Category ={DBDquery> DBDrel.2> DBDperf, DBfile incl.slides } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1986, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Lavazza,L.},
Title ={Translation and Optimization of Logic Queries: the Algebraic Approach},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 11.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Pages ="395--402",
Annote ={at Polit.Milano Conditions for transform. [Ahad,Yao,Choi87] L.n to nL.1. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1987, Author ={Ceri,S., Pernici,B., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Distributed Database Design Methodologies},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="533--546",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBDdist, x issue} }

@techreport{Ceri1987:1, Author ={Ceri,S., CrespiReghizzi,S., Lavazza,L., and Zicari,R.},
Title ={Algres: A System for the Specification and Prototyping of Complex Databases},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, Res.R. -018.},
Year =1987, Number ="87",
Annote ={ at Polit.Milano, Dep.Electronica, Lab.Calcolatori Category ={DBDdesign> EIS> MAT, DBfile } }

@techreport{Ceri1987:2, Author ={Ceri,S., and Tanca,L.},
Title ={Optimization of Systems of Algebraic Equations for Evaluating Datalog Queries},
Institution ={Polit.Milano, TR-86-034, rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Polit.Milano, Dep.Elettronica Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile } }

@techreport{Ceri1987:3, Author ={Ceri,S., Paolini,G., Pelagatti,G., and Schreiber,F.A.},
Title ={Distributed Database Research at the Politechnico of Milano},
Institution ={Rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Polit.Milano Category ={DBDdist, DBfile} }

@unpublished{Ceri1987:4, Author ={Ceri,Stefano},
Title ={A Database System for the Care of Cystic Fibrosis},
Note ={slides for CFDB, rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Stanford Un.; Polit.Milano Category ={MIS, DBfile} }

@unpublished{Ceri1988, Author ={Ceri,S., Gozzi,F., and Lugli,M.},
Title ={An Overview of PRIMO, A Portable Interface Between PROLOG and Relational Databases},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Modena Category ={DBDnewDBMS> DBDkb, DBfile} }

@article{Ceri1989, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Efficient Database Access from Prolog},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE),},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="153--164",
Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Ceri1989:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Pernici,B., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Design Support Environment for Distributed Databases},
Journal ={Information Systems.},
Year =1989, Pages ="261-272",
Volume ="14",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDkb> Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Ceri1990, Author ={Ceri,S. and Widom,J.},
Title ={Deriving Production Rules for Constraint Maintenance},
Booktitle ={IBM Almaden Res.Ctr., IBM Res.RP. RJ 7348, 46pp.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Annote ={ SQL-based language for defining integrety constraints and a framework for translating constraints into production rules. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDkb> DBDschema, DBfile } }

@article{Ceri1990:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Crespi,S., Zicari,R., Lamperti,G., and Lavazza,L.},
Title ={Algres: an advanced database system for complex applications},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ Algres is an extension of the relational model to manage complex objects (similar to nested relations) and express recursive algebraic expressions; Algres progrmas operate on main-memory data structures, which are loaded from mass-memory storage in an external database using explicit statements; design is based on the assumption that a typical Algres user will require only a fraction of the mass memory database; an object's schema includes records, sets, multisets, and sequences; Algres extends SQL to express explicity the Closure Nest, and Unnest operators and deal with multisets and sequences. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@book{Ceri1990:2, Author ={Ceri,S., Gottlob,G., and Tanca,L.},
Title ={Logic Programming and Databases},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), 284pp.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ coupling of Prolog and Datalog to large database; overviews of LDL, NAIL! POSTGRES, SGen, KIWI, ALGRES, PRISMA Category ={DBDlogic> DBDkb, x } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1991, Author ={Ceri,S. and Widom,J.},
Title ={Deriving Production Rules for Incremental View Maintenance},
Booktitle ={IBM Almaden Res.Ctr., IBM Res.RP. RJ 8027, 26pp.},
Year =1991, Month Mar,
Annote ={prize paper incremental maintenance of materialized read-only views without duplicates; uses key information; cost estimates are provided I3 Category ={DBDimpl> DBDschema> VOD, DBfile IBMbox } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1992, Author ={Ceri,S. and Widom,J.},
Title ={Production Rules in Parallel and Distributed Database Environments},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ active databases with (events, predicate, action) with distributed data and rules; rule execution transparency correctness requiring new locks; not all rule sets are partitionable Category ={DBDimpl> VOD> } }

@inproceedings{Ceri1992:1, Author ={Ceri,S., Houtsma,M., Keller,A., and Samuratai,P.},
Title ={Achieving Incremental Consistency among Autonomous Replicated Databases},
Booktitle ={IFIP DS-5, Lorne, Victoria, Australia.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Ceri1993, Author ={Ceri,S. and Widom,J.},
Title ={Managing Semantic Heterogeneity with Production Rules and Persistent Queues},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ Shows how production rules and persistent queues together provide a mechanism for maintaining consistency in semantically heterogeneous multidatabase environments. Describes a specification language and methods for automatically deriving production rules that maintain both existence and value interdatabase dependencies. The production rules derived from dependency specifications use persistent queues to monitor and maintain the dependencies automatically, asynchronously, incrementally, and correctly. I3 Category ={DBDdist> } }

@incollection{Cerone1986, Author ={Cerone,N. and McCalla,G.},
Title ={Accessing Knowledge through Natural Language},
Booktitle ={Advances in Computers, M.C.Yovitis (ed.).},
Year =1986, Volume ="25",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Cervesato1992, Author ={Cervesato,I. and Eick,C.},
Title ={Specification and Enforcement of Dynamic Consistency Constraints},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Houston Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Cesarini1983, Author ={Cesarini,F., Cardillo,D., and Soda,G.},
Title ={An Assessment of the Query-Processing Capability of DBMAC},
Journal ={In Advanced Database Machine Architecture, Hsiao (ed), Prentice-Hall publishers, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8408-0663.},
Year =1983, Pages ="109--129",
Annote ={at Inst.Informatica e Sistemistica (Florence) simulation of the performance of DBMAC. DBMAC stores each attribute of a relation as a separate file. It seems that conventional processors with simple indexing schemes perform as well. -----Levine. Category ={DBFmach> } }

@article{Cesarini1991, Author ={Cesarini,F. and Soda,G.},
Title ={A Dynamic Hash Method with Signature},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="16",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFhash>} }

@inproceedings{Cha1991, Author ={Cha,Sang K.},
Title ={Kaleidoscope: A Cooperative Menu-Guided Query Interface (SQL version)},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1991, Month Mar,
Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Stanford, EE Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Cha1991:1, Author ={Cha,S.K. and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Kaleidoscope Data Model for an English-like Query Language},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ based on a grammar specifying the syntax and semantics of an English-like query language (EnQL), the interface generates legitimate query constituents imcrementally as menu choices; to support Kaleidoscope the presence of a high-level data model is critical Category ={DBDquery> } }

@article{Chakravarthy1989, Author ={Chakravarthy,Sharma},
Title ={Rule Management and Evaluation: An Active DBMS Perspective},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1989, Month =Sep,
Pages ="20--28",
Volume ="18",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ at Xerox Advanced Information Technology, (Cambridge MA) Monitors and triggers. ---Gio. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Chakravarthy1982, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S., Minker,J., and Tran,C.},
Title ={Interfacing Predicate Logic Langages and Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.of n International Logic Programming Conference 1, Marseille France.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@incollection{Chakravarthy1984, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S., Fishman,D., and Minker,J.},
Title ={Semantic Query Optimization in Expert Systems and Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Maryland; Hewlett-Packard I3 Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chakravarthy1986, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S., Minker,J. and Grant,J.},
Title ={Semantic Query Optimization: Additional Constraints and Control Strategies},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Chakravarthy1986:1, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S. and Minker,J.},
Title ={Multiple Query Processing in Deductive Databases using Query Graphs},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at CCA Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Chakravarthy1990, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S., Grant,J., and Minker,J.},
Title ={Logic-Based Approach to Semantic Query Optimization},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1990, Month =Jun,
Pages ="162--207",
Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Xerox consolidate results emphasizing the techniques and their applicability for optimizing relational queries; recursion and integrity constraints that contain disjunction, negation, and recursion. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Chakravarthy1991, Author ={Chakravarthy,U.S. },
Title ={Divide and Conquer: A Basis for Augmenting a Conventional Query Optimizer with Multiple Query Processing Capabilities},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Challis1978, Author ={Challis,M.F.},
Title ={Database Consistency and Integrity in a Multi-User Environment},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneiderman(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="245--270",
Annote ={ at Pontificia Un.Catolica (Rio de Janeiro, Brasil) Category ={DBDintegrity.1> } }

@techreport{Chamberlin1974, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D., Boyce,R.F., and Traiger,I.L.},
Title ={A Deadlock-Free Scheme for Resource Locking in a Database Environment},
Institution ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf 74, N-H.},
Year =1974, Pages ="340--343",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab (CA) Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Chamberlin1974:1, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D. and Boyce,R.F.},
Title ={SEQUEL: A Structured English Query Language},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. RJ 1394, San Jose.},
Year =1974, Month =May,
Category ={DBDquery, x10Codd, DBfile} }

@article{Chamberlin1975, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D., Gray,J.N., and Traiger,I.L.},
Title ={Views, Authorization, and Locking in a Relational Data Base System},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , AFIPS Press.},
Year =1975, Pages ="425--430",
Volume ="44",
Annote ={ Subset selection operations in SEQUEL, supporting System-R. I3 Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@article{Chamberlin1976, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D.},
Title ={Relational Data-Base Management Systems},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1976, Month Mar,
Pages ="43--66",
Volume ="8",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab Introductory paper Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@article{Chamberlin1976:1, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D., Astrahan,M.M., Eswaran,K.P., Griffiths,P.P., Lorie,R.A., Mehl,J.W., Reisner,P. and Wade,B.W.},
Title ={SEQUEL 2: A Unified Approach to Data Definition, Manipulation, and Control},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1976, Month =Nov,
Pages ="560--575",
Volume ="20",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDrel.2.7> DBDintegrity.3>} }

@techreport{Chamberlin1977, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D., Gray,J.N., Griffiths,P.P., Traiger,I.L., and Wade,B.W.},
Title ={Data Base System Authorization},
Institution ={Res.R. RJ2041, IBM Res., San Jose.},
Year =1977, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDtrans.3>} }

@article{Chamberlin1979, Author ={Chamberlin, D.D., Astrahan,M.M., King,W.F., Lorie,R.A., Mehl,J.W., Price,T.G., Schkolnick,M., Selinger,P.G., Slutz,D.R., Wade,B.W., and Yost,A.},
Title ={Support for Repetitive Transactions and Ad Hoc Queries in System R},
Journal ={IBM, Res.R. RJ2551(33151).},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Annote ={ Embedded SQL statements are processed by the System R precompiler enabling highly efficient support for repetitive transactions. Ad hoc query is specified. By providing a flexible spectrum of binding times. System R permits transaction-oriented programs and ad hoc query users to share a database without loss of efficiency. Category ={DBDschema.6.1> DBDrel.2> DBDrel.2.4> DBDquery.3, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chamberlin1981, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D., Gilbert,A.M., and Yost,R.A.},
Title ={A History of System R and SQL/Data System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="456--464",
Annote ={ SQL/DS is a relational database management system by IBM for the DOS/VSE operating system. SQL/DS interfaces with CICS and can be used with DL/1. Category ={DBDintro.1> DBDintegrity.3> } }

@inproceedings{Chamberlin1992, Author ={Chamberlin,D.D. and Schmuck,F.B.},
Title ={Dynamic Data Distribution (D3) in a Shared-Nothing Multiprocessor Data Store },
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ reorganize after a failure without interruption of service including removal of a processor Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab> } }

@inproceedings{Chambers1993, Author ={Chambers,L.},
Title ={Parallel Features of NonStop SQL},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Tandem Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Champine1977, Author ={Champine,G.A.},
Title ={Six approaches to distributed data bases},
Journal ={Datamation.},
Year =1977, Month =May,
Pages ="69--72",
Volume ="23",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Champine1979, Author ={Champine,G.A.},
Title ={Current Trends in Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1979, Month =May,
Pages ="27--41",
Volume ="12",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Sperry Univac Category ={DBFintro> DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1983, Author ={Chan,A., Dayal,U., Fox,S., Goodman,N., Ries,D., and Skeen,D.},
Title ={DDM: An ADA Compatible Distributed Database Manager},
Booktitle ={COMPCON '83.},
Year =1983, Annote ={at CCA (Cambridge MA) ADAPLEX is the result of integrating Ada with DAPLEX. Local Database Manager (LLDM), is designed as a high-performance stand-alone system for managing local data. The Distributed Database Manager (DDM) interconnects multiple LDMs in a computer network. DAPLEX supports the important semantic notions of entities, functions, and generalization hierarchies. ADAPLEX Programming Language Interface is designed primarily for application programmers, application developers and database administrators. Can create temporary databases, interface with the Report Writer, the Bulk Load utility, and the Test Data Generator utility. An integrated global schema that encompasses data stored at all sites. Consistency of replicated data. Continued operation in spite of site failures. No partial effects of one transaction will be seen by another. Category ={DBDdist> DBDnewDBMS.7> in DBfile } }

@article{Chan1975, Author ={Chan,A. and Gray,R.},
Title ={Implementing Distributed Read-only Transactions},
Journal ={rcvd .},
Year =1975, Category ={DBDdist> DBDnewDBMS.7> DBDintegrity.1, DBfile} }

@techreport{Chan1981, Author ={Chan,A., Fox,S., Lin,W-T.K., and Ries,D.},
Title ={The Design of an ADA Compatible Local Database Manager (LDM)},
Institution ={CCA, TR.81-09.},
Year =1981, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at CCA (Cambridge MA) some overlap with VLDB 82 paper. Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chan1982, Author ={Chan,A., Fox,S., Lin,W-T.K., Nori,A., and Ries,D.R.},
Title ={The Implementation of an Integrated Concurrency Control and Recovery Scheme},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 82, Orlando FL.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="184--191",
Annote ={uses versions Category ={DBDdist> DBDtrans-3.2> DBDintegrity.3, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chan1990, Author ={Chan,A., Danberg,S., Fox,S., Lin,W-T.K., Nori,A., and Ries,D.R.},
Title ={Storage and Access Structures to Support a Semantic Data Model},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ ADA's type definition provides referential, subset overlap, totality (essential), and uniqueness constraints. To be stored are values, type and subtype information, and reference count to enforce proper deletion. data are grouped 'semantically' down to binary tuple groups for secondary functions. Hierarchical clustering improves ISA inheritance performance. An entity directory permits rapid logical access to primary entity records of a hierarchy. Logical record types can be fragmented and fragments can be combined into files. Horizontal fragmentation is based on subsets. Hybrid, logical + physical, pointers are used for cross reference, a physical destination is checked, and if it doesnt match the logical reference is used and the physical part reset. Category ={DBDkb> DBDdesign, DBfile } }

@article{Chan1983:1, Author ={Chan,A., Dayal,U., Fox,S., Goodman,N. ,Ries,D.R., and Skeen,D.,},
Title ={Overview of an ADA Compatible Distributed Database Manager},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 83, San Jose CA.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="228--237",
Category ={DBDdist, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Chan1983:2, Author ={Chan,A., Dayal,U., Fox,S., Goodman,N., Ries,D., and Skeen,D.},
Title ={DDM: An ADA Compatible Distributed Database Manager},
Booktitle ={IEEE COMPCON .},
Year =1983, Annote ={at CCA ADAPLEX is the result of integrating Ada with DAPLEX. Local Database Manager (LDM), is designed as a high-performance stand-alone system for managing local data. The Distributed Database Manager (DDM) interconnects multiple LDMs in a computer network. DAPLEX supports the important semantic notions of entities, functions, and generalization hierarchies. ADAPLEX Programming Language Interface is designed primarily for application programmers, application developers and database administrators. Can create temporary databases, interface with the Report Writer, the Bulk Load utility, and the Test Data Generator utility. An integrated global schema that encompasses data stored at all sites. Consistency of replicated data. Continued operation in spite of site failures. No partial effects of one transaction will be seen by another. Category ={DBDdist> DBDnewDBMS.7, DBfile also presentation slides by Fox } }

@inproceedings{Chan1985, Author ={Chan,A. and Sarin,S.},
Title ={Improving Availability and Performance of Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="34--41",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDtrans-3> DBDdist>} }

@unpublished{Chan1985:1, Author ={Chan,A., Dayal,U., and Hsu,M-C.},
Title ={Providing Database Management Capabilities for Mission Critical Applications},
Note ={rcvd.},
Year =1985, Annote ={at CCA versioning in LDM/DDM of Adaplex. Category ={DBFtrans> DBDdist> } }

@article{Chan1987, Author ={Chan,A., Dayal,U., and Fox,S.},
Title ={An Ada-Compatible Distributed Database Management System},
Journal ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="674--694",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at CCA, Cambridge Category ={DBDdist, xissue} }

@book{Chan1991, Author ={Chan,A., Khoshafian,S., Wong,H., and Wong,A.},
Title ={A guide to developing client/server SQL applications},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufman, 500pp.},
Year =1991, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Ashton-Tate case studies compare database servers as EE,RDB,ORACLE and SQL server; discusses major products as dBASE/SQL, DataEase, Paradox, SQL windows, and Object/1 Category ={DBDrel> } }

@inproceedings{Chan1976, Author ={Chan,A.Y.},
Title ={Index Selection in a Self-Adaptive Relational Database Management System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 76, Rothnie(ed). },
Year =1976, Pages ="1--8",
Category ={DBFimpl.2.3>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1991:1, Author ={Chan,Christine },
Title ={Inferential Modelling Technique for Constructing Second Generation Knowledge Based Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1992, Author ={Chan,C.Y., Ooi,B.C., and Lu,H.},
Title ={Extensible Buffer Management of Indexes},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBFfile>} }

@techreport{Chan1984, Author ={Chan,Edward P.F.},
Title ={Query Answering and Schema Analysis under the Weak Instance Model},
Institution ={Ph.D. thesis, Un.Toronto, CSRI-164.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ uses universal relation model. Chase join expressions. Category ={DBtheory, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chan1986, Author ={Chan,Edward.P.F.},
Title ={On the Properties and Characterization of Connection-trap-free Schemes},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Cambridge MA.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Alberta Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1986:1, Author ={Chan,E.P.F., Hernandez,H.J.},
Title ={On the Desirability of Gamma-Acyclic BCNF Database Schemes},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Un.Alberta (Canada) Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1987:1, Author ={Chan,E.P.F. and Hernandez,J.},
Title ={On Designing Database Schemes Bounded or Constant-Time Maintainable with Respect to Functional Dependencies},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Alberta Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1988, Author ={Chan,E.P.F. and Hernandez,H.J.},
Title ={Independence-reducible database schemes},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1988, Annote ={at Un.Toronto some database schemes require the user to know implied relational dependencies and logical connections in order to retrieve the correct data; a secondary purpose appears to be to support the creation of automatic connections between relations, which would be needed by a universal relation interface system; such a system would shield the user from specifying logical connections among relations. ---Tufts. Category ={DBDtheory> DBDquery> DBDmodel> Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Chan1989, Author ={Chan,E.P.},
Title ={A design theory for solving the anomalies problem},
Journal ={SIAM J.Computing, ; ACM Computing Reviews 9006-0514.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Volume ="18",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Alberta shows an example of a schema in Boyce-Codd Normal Form (BCNF) that has insertion and deletion anomalies; relation schema R is anomaly-free if every insertion set on R contains the primary key of R. A less restrictive assumption is that an inserted tuple should be non-null on a candidate key only; presents many results concerning different classes of replacement anomaly-free relation schemes. ---Pokorny. Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Chan1992:1, Author ={Chan,Edward},
Title ={Containment and Minimization of Conjunctive Queries in OODB's},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Chan1981:1, Author ={Chan,P. and Shoshani,A.},
Title ={SUBJECT: A Directory Driven System for Organizing and Accessing Large Statistical Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="553--563",
Annote ={at UCB, LBL (Berkeley CA) Category ={DBDquery.1> DBDstat> } }

@techreport{Chan1974, Author ={Chan,S.},
Title ={QLS: A Query Language Generator System},
Institution ={Management Science, Journal of TIMS Thesis, DCS, Un.Toronto (Canada).},
Year =1974, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Chancelier1989, Author ={ Chancelier,J.P., Gomez,C., Quadrat,J.P., and Sulem,A. Chancelier,J.P., Gomez,C., Quadrat,J.P., and Sulem,A.},
Title ={An Expert System for Stochastic Control Problems: Automatic Report Generation},
Journal ={Computer Science in Economics and Management (Computer Science in Economics and Management 21).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ A special issue devoted to papers presented at the conference on ICC Institute, Austin TX. D.A. Kendrick, L.S. Lasdon, T.W. Ruefli and A.B. Whinston (eds.). ---Gio Category ={DBDappl> } }

@inproceedings{Chandra1977, Author ={Chandra,A.K. and Merlin,P.M.},
Title ={Optimal implementation of conjunctive queries in relational databases},
Booktitle ={Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing 9, Boulder.},
Year =1977, Month =May,
Pages ="77--90",
Category ={DBDrel.3>} }

@article{Chandra1980, Author ={Chandra,A.K. and Harel,D.},
Title ={Computable Queries for Relational Database Systems},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE Symposium On Foundations of Computer Science 21.},
Year =1980, Annote ={ Queries not expressible in a pure relational calculus due to lack of transitive closure. Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Chandra1981, Author ={Chandra,A.K.},
Title ={Programming Primitives for Database Languages},
Booktitle ={Conf.Record Annual ACM Symp. Principles of Programming Languages 8,},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Pages ="50--62",
Annote ={Includes bounded looping. Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chandra1982, Author ={Chandra,A. and Harel,D.},
Title ={Horn Clauses and the Fixpoint Query Hierarchy},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Annote ={ Method for transforming [Ahad,Yao,Choi87] L.n to nL.1. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Chandra1982:1, Author ={Chandra,A. and Harel,D.},
Title ={Structure and Complexity of Relational Queries},
Journal ={J.Comp. and Sys.Sciences,},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Pages ="99--128",
Volume ="25",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@techreport{Chandra1983, Author ={Chandra,A.K. and Vardi,M.},
Title ={The Implication Problem for Functional and Inclusion Dependencies Is Undecidable},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. No.RC9980.},
Year =1983, Annote ={Ownership. Category ={DBDmodel.3.4>} }

@article{Chandra1983:1, Author ={Chandra,A.K. and Harel,D.},
Title ={Horn clauses and the fixpoint query hierarchy},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 2.},
Year =1983, Annote ={ on the complexity of answering queries defined by logical rules Category ={DBDquery.3> } }

@inproceedings{Chandra1986, Author ={Chandra,Ashok K.},
Title ={Database Queries and Programming Constructs},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chandra1993, Author ={Chandra,R. and Segev,A.},
Title ={Managing Temporal Financial Data in Extensible Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Annote ={Survey Category ={DBDtheory> Category ={DBDappl>} }

@book{Chandrasekaran1987, Author ={Chandrasekaran,B., and Mittal,S.},
Title ={Conceptual Representation of Medical Knowledge for Diagnosis by Computer: MDX and Related Systems},
Publisher ={? rcvd.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Ohio St. Un., CSD Category ={MIS, MISfile} }

@article{ChandyR1968, Author ={Chandy,M.K. and Ramamoorty,C.V.},
Title ={Optimization of Information Storage Systems},
Journal ={Information and Control,},
Year =1968, Month =Dec,
Pages ="509--526",
Volume ="13",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFtechn>} }

@article{ChandyH1976, Author ={Chandy,K.M. and Hewes,J.E.},
Title ={File Allocation in Distributed Systems},
Journal ={Proc.Int. Symp. on Computer Performance, Modeling, Measurement, and Evaluation.},
Year =1976, Month Mar,
Pages ="10--13",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist>} }

@article{ChangL1982, Author ={Chang,C.C. and Lee,R.C.T.},
Title ={Symbolic Gray Code as a Perfect Multiattribute Hashing Scheme for Partial Match Queries},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-8 .},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="235--249",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ at National Chiao-Tung Un., Inst.Computer Eng. (Hsinchu, Taiwan) Good for partial match queries. A new hashing scheme called bucket-oriented symbolic Gray code which can be used to produvce any arbitrary Cartesian product file. Category ={DBFtrees.4.3> } }

@article{ChangDL1984, Author ={Chang,C.C., Du,M.W., and Lee,R.C.T.},
Title ={Performance Analyses of Cartesian Product Files and Random Files},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-10 .},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Pages ="88--99",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Formulas for the average number of buckets to be examined over all possible partial match queries for Cartesian product files and random files. Category ={DBFimpl.2.7> } }

@inproceedings{ChangS1983, Author ={Chang,C.C. and Shieh,J.C.},
Title ={On the Design of Ordered Minimal Perfect Hashing Functions and Join Dependencies},
Booktitle ={to appear Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDtheory.2>} }

@inproceedings{ChangL1989, Author ={Chang,C.C. and Leu,D.F.},
Title ={Multi-key Sorting as a File Organization Scheme when Queries Are Not Equally Likely},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Intern. Symp.on Database Systems for Advanced Applications 1, Seoul Korea.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="219--224",
Annote ={ at Nat.Chung Hsing Un., Inst.Applied Math, (Taichung, Taiwan) Category ={DBDindex> } }

@article{Chang1976, Author ={Chang,C.L.},
Title ={DEDUCE--A Deductive Query Language for Relational Data Bases},
Journal ={Pattern Recognition and Artificial Intelligence, Chen(ed), Academic Press (New York NY), },
Year =1976, Category ={DBDquery.2.3> DBDkb>} }

@incollection{Chang1978, Author ={Chang,C.L.},
Title ={DEDUCE 2: Further Investigation of Deduction in Relational Data Bases},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. No.RJ2147, San Jose, ; ACM Computing Reviews 40,416.},
Year =1978, Month =May,
Annote ={ usable as a front-end to system R; general rules defining virtual relations; Logic is the query language allowing existential, universal, and numerical quantifiers; consistency constraints are not restricted to functional dependencies. Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery.2> DBDkb>in DBfile } }

@techreport{Chang1978:1, Author ={Chang,C.L.},
Title ={An Optimization Problem in Relational DataBases},
Institution ={Res.R. RJ2287, IBM Res., San Jose.},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Annote ={scheduling of Join operations Category ={DBDrel.3.4>in DBfile } }

@incollection{Chang1979, Author ={Chang,C.L.},
Title ={On Evaluation of Queries Containing Derived Relations in a DB},
Booktitle ={'Formal Bases for Databases', Toulouse Conf..},
Year =1979, Annote ={ Attempts to improve the generality of Reiter 'Deductive question answering in relational databases' Gallaire and Minker 1978. -- his basic strategy: transform logic to algebra, apply the algebra to the database.--- Ullman. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Chang1984:1, Author ={Chang,C.L. and Walker,A.},
Title ={PROSQL: A PROLOG Programming Interface with SQL/DS},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Res.Lab Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Chang1976:1, Author ={Chang,E.},
Title ={A Distributed Medical Data Base},
Journal ={Computer Networks.},
Year =1976, Pages ="33--38",
Volume ="1",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at CSD, Un.Waterloo, Ontario Describes the software design aspects of a distributed medical database to be implemented on a homogeneous minicomputer loop network. Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Chang1989:1, Author ={Chang,E.E. and Katz,R.},
Title ={Exploiting Inheritance and Structure Semantics for Effective Clustering and Buffering in an Oject-Oriented DBMS},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at UCB, EECS Category ={DBDobject> DBDperf>} }

@inproceedings{Chang1978:2, Author ={Chang,H.},
Title ={On Bubble Memories and Relational Data Base},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds), Berlin.},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBFhard.1.5> DBFmach> DBDperf>} }

@article{Chang1981, Author ={Chang,J.M. and Fu,K.S.},
Title ={Extended K-d Tree Database Organization: A Dynamic Multiattribute Clustering Method},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-7 .},
Year =1981, Month =May,
Pages ="284--290",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFimpl.2.5>} }

@inproceedings{Chang1982:1, Author ={Chang,J-M.},
Title ={A Heuristic Approach to Distributed Query Processing},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 8, McLeod and Villasenor(eds), Mexico City.},
Year =1982, Pages ="54--61",
Annote ={at Bell Labs (Murray Hill NJ) A heuristic algorithm is proposed to determing the sequence of semijoins used to answer an arbitrary query Q. Phase 1 concentrates on accumulating the values of the join. Phase 2 uses the join attribute values to reduce the sizes of the relations. This algorithm produces optimal solution for simple queries. For general queries, the empirical results indicate up--50pct performance improvement over SDD-1. Category ={DBDperf> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Chang1985, Author ={Chang,J-M.},
Title ={LAMBDA, A Distributed Database System for Local Networks},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="76--83",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chang1989:2, Author ={Chang,J.W. and Lee,Y.J.},
Title ={Multikey Access Scheme Based on Term Discrimination and Signature Clustering},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Intern. Symp.on Database Systems for Advanced Applications 1, Seoul Korea.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="211--218",
Annote ={at KAIST, DCS, (Seoul Korea) Analytic estimation, recognizes primary key. Category ={DBFhash> } }

@article{Chang1976:2, Author ={Chang,P.Y.},
Title ={Parallel Processing and Data Driven Implementation of a Relational Data Base System},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1976, Pages ="314--318",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Chang1988, Author ={Chang,P.Y. and Myre,W.W.},
Title ={OS/2 EE Database Manager Overview and Technical Highlights},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal .},
Year =1988, Pages ="105--118",
Volume ="27",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at IBM (Austin) SQL in the PC is consistent with 360 SQL. Dynamic SQL has PREPARE, DESCRIBE, EXECUTE (IMMEDIATE) statements. Category ={DBDrel, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chang1975, Author ={Chang,Shi-Kuo},
Title ={Data Base Decomposition in a Hierarchical Computer System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 75, King(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =May,
Pages ="48--53",
Annote ={at IBM, Yorktown Heights Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Chang1975:1, Author ={Chang,S.K.},
Title ={Preliminary Report on a Relational Data Base System for Medical Decision Making},
Institution ={Dep.s of Information Engineering and Ophthalmology,},
Year =1975, Annote ={at Un.Illinois Category ={DBDintro.8, DBfile} }

@article{Chang1976:3, Author ={Chang,S.K., O'Brien,M., Read,J., Borovec,R., Cheng,J., and Ke,J.S.},
Title ={Design Considerations of a Database System in a Clinical Network Environment},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1976, Pages ="277--286",
Volume ="45",
Category ={DBDintro.8>} }

@article{Chang1978:3, Author ={Chang,S.K. and Cheng,W.H.},
Title ={Database Skeleton and Its Application to Logical Database Synthesis},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-4 .},
Year =1978, Month =Jan,
Pages ="18--30",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign>} }

@article{Chang1976:4, Author ={Chang,S-K. and Ke,J.S.},
Title ={Database Skeleton and its Application to Fuzzy Query Translation},
Journal ={Un.Illinois, TR..},
Year =1976, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Describes how an imprecise or fuzzy query can be translated into a completely specified query using a database skeleton (or schema). A fuzzy query is one which does not specify the relation names or the relationship among the attributes used in the query. Category ={DBFeval.4> 10.2.3 @article{Chang1980, Author ={Chang,S.K. and Cheng,W.H.},
Title ={A Methodology for Structured Database Decomposition},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-6 .},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Some of thearticles are quite interesting and others are quite bad; it gives a good idea of the research work that is occurring in the far east in the office systems and management systems area. Category ={DBDintro.8> Category ={DBDmodel.6> } }

@book{Chang1980:1, Author ={Chang,S.K. and Fu,K.S.(eds)},
Title ={Pictorial Information Systems},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), LNCS, Goos and Hartmanis(eds), 445pp.},
Year =1980, Volume ="80",
Category ={DBappl>} }

@article{Chang1982:2, Author ={Chang,S.K. and Liu,A.},
Title ={File Allocation in a Distributed Database},
Journal ={International Journal of Computer and System Sciences.},
Year =1982, Pages ="325--340",
Volume ="11",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chang1988:1, Author ={Chang,S.K., Yan,C.W., Dimitroff,D.C., and Arndt,T.},
Title ={An Intelligent Image Database System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Pages ="681--688",
Volume ="14",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Prototype intelligent image database system. Iconomic query language not stated how icons are generated from images. Category ={Image> } }

@book{Chang1989:3, Author ={Chang,Shi-Kuo},
Title ={Principles of Pictorial Information Systems Design},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 369pp.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Un.Pittsburgh Representation and compression of images. Icons. Category ={Image, x } }

@inproceedings{Chang1990, Author ={Chang,T-H.},
Title ={An Entity-oriented Data Model - MIX},
Booktitle ={Workshop on OODB Standardization 1, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at DEC universal model and ISA hierarchies, characteristic property hierarchies, aggregation hierarchies, and shared property hierarchies, graphic notations Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Chang1989:4, Author ={Chang,T-S. and Tanaka,K.},
Title ={Alternative Objects in Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Intern. Symp.on Database Systems for Advanced Applications 1, Seoul Korea.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="182--189",
Annote ={ at Kobe Un., Grad.School of Science and Technology, (Kobe, Japan) Category ={EIS> DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Chang1989:5, Author ={Chang,W.W. and Schek,H.J.},
Title ={Multi-level Signatures and their Integration into BTree Index Files},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM Almaden RC (San Jose CA) multilevel signature files using a new composite method of parent signature generation; for a large number of fields for which no index exists; reduces the number of tuples assessed. Category ={DBFadvindex> DBFhash> } }

@techreport{Chang1993, Author ={Chang,Y., Raschid,L., and Dorr,B.},
Title ={A Survey of Approaches to Achieve Interoperability with Multiple Databases},
Institution ={CS-TR-3089, UMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersACS-TR-93-53.},
Year =1993, Annote ={at Un.Maryland This paper discusses the technique for achieving interoperability among multiple databases or knowledge bases. The first problem - representational discrepancy - occurs when the underlying databases represent the same knowledge in different ways. The second problem - knowledge heterogeneity - occurs when they represent different, probably inconsistent knowledge. We then review approaches to resolve representational discrepancy. There are currently three approaches. The first approach is to extend the original data model to include some good properties from other data models. The second approach is to build a global conceptual schema unifying all databases. The third approach is to build a mediator among databases. We also give a brief description about our work. It is based on the idea of building a mediator, but also adopts the techniques from the other two approaches. I3 Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Chao1986, Author ={Chao,T. and Egyhazy,C.J.},
Title ={Estimating Temporary File Sizes in Distributed Relational Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@book{Chapin1968, Author ={Chapin, Ned},
Title ={360 Programming in Assembly Language},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 532pp.},
Year =1968, Annote ={ Chapter 11 has file programming and disk layout detail for IBM 360 computers. Category ={DBFhard.1>%Chapin68 } }

@article{Chapin1969, Author ={Chapin,Ned},
Title ={Common File Organization Techniques Compared},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1969, Pages ="418--422",
Volume ="35",
Annote ={at Consultant (Menlo Park) A short survey of commercial file implementations Category ={DBFseq> %Chapin69F } }

@inproceedings{Chapin1969:1, Author ={Chapin,Ned},
Title ={A Comparison of File Organization Techniques},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1969, Pages ="273--283",
Category ={DBFeval>%Chapin69A} }

@inproceedings{Chapin1969:2, Author ={Chapin,Ned},
Title ={A Deeper Look at Data},
Booktitle ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1969, Pages ="631--638",
Annote ={at Consultant (Menlo Park) A different viewpoint on data relationships, claiming to refute some of the concepts of Mealy's paper. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@techreport{Chapiro1983, Author ={Chapiro,D.M.},
Title ={Sorting by Recursive Partioning},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CSD, TR-CS-83-994.},
Year =1983, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ Adaptsort: initial pass provides info, total is O(n log log n). Internal although author claims external. Category ={DBFseq, DBfile } }

@book{Chard1988, Author ={Chard,Tim},
Title ={Computing for Clinicians},
Publisher ={Elmore-Chard Publishers, London UK, 136pp.},
Year =1988, Annote ={at The London Hospital Medical Coll., OBGYN Dep. Category ={MIS, x } }

@article{Charles1973, Author ={Charles,William R.},
Title ={Some Systems Should Not Use Paired File Techniques},
Journal ={Data Management,},
Year =1973, Month =Sep,
Pages ="33--37",
Annote ={ Use sequential processing if a computation requires more than 5pct of the records. Category ={DBFseq, DB and Home files } }

@inproceedings{Charrel1981, Author ={Charrel,P.J.},
Title ={L'Influence des Crit\`eres d'Application dans la R\'esolution du Probl\`eme de l'Allocation Optimale des Ressources d'une Base de Donn\'ees R\'eparties},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Seminar on Distributed Data Sharing Systems 1, vandeRiet and Litwin(eds) (Amsterdam).},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chase1981, Author ={Chase,K.},
Title ={Join Graphs and Acyclic Data Base Schemes},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="95--100",
Annote ={at Pennsylvania State Un. (University Park PA) We provide a sufficient condition for a join dependency to be acyclic dependency is cyclic, we give two distinct methods that the designer can use to solve this problem. Category ={DBDmodel.1> } }

@book{Chase1989, Author ={Chase,Paul},
Title ={VM/CMS: A User's Guide},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), 466pp.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at UCB Category ={DBFadvindex>} }

@article{Chaskin1973, Author ={Chaskin,Dennis R.},
Title ={Security vs. Performance},
Journal ={Datamation,},
Year =1973, Month =Nov,
Pages ="110--116",
Annote ={at U.S. Gov. Acct. Office General remarks on the problem. Category ={DBDprivacy> } }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1990, Author ={Chaudhuri,Soma},
Title ={Agreement is Harder than Consensus: Set Consensus Problems in Totally Asynchronous Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at Un.Washington, Seattle Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1988, Author ={Chaudhuri,Surajit},
Title ={Temporal Relationships in Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="160--170",
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDmodel> DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1990:1, Author ={Chaudhuri,Surajit},
Title ={Generalization and a Framework for Query Modification},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6, Los Angeles.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD AFIS abstraction task in some SoD mediators; a mediator technique. I3 Category ={DBDmodel> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1990:2, Author ={Chaudhuri,Surajit},
Title ={Database Types: a Plea for Simplicity},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDmodel, studentfile} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1991, Author ={Chaudhuri,Surajit},
Title ={Detecting Redundant Tuples During Query Evaluation},
Booktitle ={ACM-PODS 91, Denver CO.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1992, Author ={Chaudhuri,S. and Vardi,M.},
Title ={On the Equivalence of Datalog Programs},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1992:1, Author ={Chaudhuri,Surajit},
Title ={Finding Nonrecursive Envelopes for Recursive Datalog Predicates},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Deductive Databases, Washington DC.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Chaudhuri1993, Author ={Chaudhuri,S. and Shim,K.},
Title ={Query Optimization in the Presence of Foreign Functions},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Chaum1985, Author ={Chaum,David},
Title ={Security without Identification: Transaction Systems to make Big Brother Obsolete},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 8608-??.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="1030--1040",
Volume ="28",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at MC (Amsterdam) extensive article on use of random, transient personal id's. A digital pseudonym with each organization. Category ={DBDprivacy.2.1> } }

@article{Chavez1990, Author ={Chavez,R.M. and Cooper,G.},
Title ={Hypermedia and randomized algorithms for medical expert systems},
Journal ={Computer Methods and Programs In Biomedicine.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Volume ="32",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at MIS, Stanford graphical representation for decision models Category ={MIS> DBDappl> } }

@incollection{Chazan1969, Author ={Chazan,D., and Miranker,W.},
Title ={Chaotic Relaxation},
Booktitle ={Linear Algebra and Its Applications, Amer. Elseviers.},
Year =1969, Annote ={ the numerical analysis argument for less than strict synchronization, as background for the identity connection. Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Miranker } }

@article{Cheatham1962, Author ={Cheatham,T.E.jr. and Warshall,S.},
Title ={Translation of Retrieval Requests Couched in a 'Semi-formal' English-like Language},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1962, Month =Jan,
Pages ="34--39",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Harvard Un. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Cheeseman1983, Author ={Cheeseman,Peter},
Title ={A Method of Computing Generalized Bayesian Probability Values for Expert Systems},
Institution ={SRI, TR..},
Year =1983, Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDkb> DBFmethods>} }

@inproceedings{Cheeseman1985, Author ={Cheeseman,Peter},
Title ={In Defense of Probability},
Booktitle ={Proc. Proc.International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA), Los Angeles.},
Year =1985, Pages ="1002--1009",
Annote ={at SRI Category ={DBDkb> DBFmethods> DBDstatistics, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Cheeseman1986, Author ={Cheeseman,Peter},
Title ={Induction of Models Under Uncertainty},
Booktitle ={International Symp.on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems; Un.Tennessee.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Pages ="130--144",
Annote ={at NASA Ames Res.Ctr Category ={DBDkb> KSYS>} }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1986, Author ={Cheiney,J.P., Faudemay,P., and Michel,R.},
Title ={An Extension of Access Paths to Improve Joins and Selections},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDrel.3.3>} }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1986:1, Author ={Cheiney,J.P., Faudemay,P., Michel,R., and Thevenin,J.M.},
Title ={A Reliable Parallel Backend Using Multiattribute Clustering and Select-Join Operator},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12, Kyoto,},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1988, Author ={Cheiney,J-P. and Kiernan,G.},
Title ={A Functional Clustering Method for Optimal Access to Complex Domains in a Relational DBMS},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={ LISP functions can be defined over complex attributes to generate useful values for indexing and multi-level clustering by CLUSTER statements. Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile Kiernan with related papers } }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1989, Author ={Cheiney,J.P. and deMaindreville,C.},
Title ={A Parallel Transitive Closure Algorithm Using Hash-Based Clustering},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at ENST, France Category ={DBFmach> DBDquery> DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1991, Author ={Cheiney,JPierre },
Title ={Parallel Computation of Direct Transitive Closures},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Cheiney1992, Author ={Cheiney,J-P. and Lanzelotte,R.},
Title ={A Model for Optimizing Deductive and Object-Oriented DB Requests},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at INRIA, France Category ={DBDlogic> DBDobject>} }

@article{Chen1985, Author ={Chen,A.L.P. and Li,V.O.K.},
Title ={An optimal algorithm for processing distributed star queries},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-11 , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8604-0355.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Number ="10",
Annote ={at Systems Dev. Corp, (Santa Monica CA) join graph is configured as a star with the target relation at the center. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Chen1984, Author ={Chen,A.L.P and Li,V.O.K.},
Title ={Improvement Algorithms for SemiJoin Query Processing Programs in Distributed Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers. Vol.C33 .},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Pages ="959--967",
Number ="11",
Annote ={at USC (Los Angeles) optimal means minimal transmission of tree queries. They make 'no' assumptions, which means to me that all relations are equal in size and all selectivities are uniform. Redundant semijoins are recognized and eliminated and the remaining neccessary semijoin transmission are propagated to defer completing the joins. Category ={DBDdist> DBDperf> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1990, Author ={Chen,A.L.P.},
Title ={Semantic Outerjoin Optimization in Multidatabase Systems},
Booktitle ={Int. Symp. on Databases in Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, Dublin,},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Bell Communications Research the outerjoins here merge incompatible relations with the same key Category ={DBDops> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1993, Author ={Chen,C. and Roussopoulos,N.},
Title ={Adaptive Database Buffer Management Using Query Feedback},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Chen1975, Author ={Chen,Di and Zook,J.David},
Title ={An Overview of Optical Data Storage Technology},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE, Hoagland(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1207--1230",
Volume ="63",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Honeywell With extensive bibliography Category ={DBDprivacy.1.4> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1989, Author ={Chen,I.A. and McLeod,D.},
Title ={Derived Data Updates in Semantic Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at CSD, USC (Los Angeles CA) Derived data and constraints; update propagation is not unique; utilizes a semantic database schema as superclass, value classes, inverses, decided insertion class. Category ={DBDobject> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1991, Author ={Chen,I. and Lee,R.},
Title ={An approach to deriving object hierarchies from database schema and contents},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at IntelligenceWare, Los Angeles extract subclass hierarchy by checking instances for nulls, contstraints, subsumption, referents Category ={DBDmodel> DBDobject> } }

@article{Chen1989:1, Author ={Chen,J.S.J. and Li,V.O.K.},
Title ={Optimizing Joins in Fragmented Database Systems on a Broadcast Local Network},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), ; ACM Computing Reviews 8911-0828.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Pages ="26--38",
Volume ="15",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Teradata Corp, Los Angeles Broadcast reduces intersite data transfers. Replication is fully exploited, integral with other optimization steps. A four-phase approach equivalent to finding a minimum-weight vertex cover for join-analysis graph, is NP-hard. Properties of join-analysis and a heuristic are developed. Semijoin reductions are also considered. Find a set of data migrations with miminal total transmission cost; a join graph is built to detect which joins are non-empty. The two-way join optimization is mapped into finding the minimum-weight vertex. Properties of such graphs reduce the size of the search space. Finally, selecting for each fragment, the most lightly loaded site where a physical copy is to be found. Category ={DBDdist> DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1993:1, Author ={Chen,L-T. and Rotem,D.},
Title ={Declustering Objects for Visualization},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1982, Author ={Chen,M., Fedorowicz,J., and Henschen,L.},
Title ={Deductive Processes in Databases and Decision Support Systems},
Booktitle ={North Central ACM 82 Conf, Milwaukee.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Northwestern example of decision-making for computer purchase expressed in logic Category ={DBDappl> DBDlogic, DBfile } }

@techreport{Chen1984:1, Author ={Chen,Michael C-K},
Title ={On the Use and Internal Structure of Logic-Based Decision Support Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., Northwestern Un., NLM No.AAD84-23215, 143pp.},
Year =1984, Annote ={ A general decision support system based on first-order logic with characteristics of semistructured, supporting, descriptive, effective, and evolutionary. It improves the frameworks of Sprague and Bonczek, Holsapple, and Whinston in terms of flexibility and efficiency. A connection graph is used as a basis for pre-compiling queries for efficient response as well as for modifying pre-compiled queries in response to what-if type of questions. Category ={DBDkb, Sumex arch NLM.1q86 } }

@article{Chen1989:2, Author ={Chen,M.C. and McNamee,L.},
Title ={A Data Model and Access Method for Summary Data Management},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDperform>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1990:1, Author ={Chen,M-C., McNamee,L., and Matloff,N.},
Title ={Selectivity Estimation Using Homogeneity Measurement},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at UCLA Category ={DBFindex>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1990:2, Author ={Chen,M.S. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={Using Join Operations as Reducers in Distributed Query Processing},
Booktitle ={Int. Symp. on Databases in Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, Dublin,},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at IBM TJ Watson Research Center complementary to semi-joins to simplify query graphs. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1991:1, Author ={Chen,Ming-Syan},
Title ={Determining Beneficial Semijoins for a Join Sequence in Distributed Query Processing},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1992, Author ={Chen,M-S., Yu,P., and Wu,K-L.},
Title ={Scheduling and Processor Allocation for the Execution of Multi-Join Queries in a Multiprocessor System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at IBM Thomas J. Watson Research Center Category ={DBDperf> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1992:1, Author ={Chen,M-S., Lo,M.L., Yu,P.S., and Young,H.C.},
Title ={Using Segmented Right-Deep Trees for the Execution of Pipelined Hash Joins},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBFhash> DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1993:2, Author ={Chen,M-S., Hsiao,H-I., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Applying Hash Filters to Improving the Execution of Bushy Trees},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 19, Dublin.},
Year =1993, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBFhash>} }

@article{Chen1973, Author ={Chen, Peter P.S.},
Title ={Optimal File Allocation in Multi-Level Storage Systems},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1973, Pages ="227--282",
Volume ="42",
Annote ={at Harvard Un. Minimization of mean response time or storage cost with response time constraints for a multi-device file system. Category ={DBFeval> } }

@article{Chen1976, Author ={Chen,Peter P.S.},
Title ={The Entity-Relationship Model --- Toward a Unified View of Data},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1976, Month Mar,
Pages ="9--36",
Volume ="1",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at MIT (Cambridge MA) Nothing fantastic, but a reasonable paper to read by anybody interested in Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1977, Author ={Chen,P.P.S. and Yao,S.B.},
Title ={Design and Performance Tools for Database System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 3, Merten(ed), Tokyo, Japan.},
Year =1977, Pages ="3--15",
Category ={DBDdesign> DBDschema> DBFeval> Chen} }

@article{Chen1977:1, Author ={Chen,P.P.S.},
Title ={The Entity-Relationship Model --- A Basis for the Enterprise View of Data},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , AFIPS Press, 1977.},
Year =1977, Pages ="77--84",
Volume ="46",
Category ={DBDmodel.1> DBDdesign>} }

@book{Chen1979, Author ={Chen,P.P.S.(ed)},
Title ={The Entity-Relationship Approach to Logical Data Base Design},
Publisher ={The Q.E.D. Monograph Series, Data Base Management, Q.E.D. Information Sciences, Wellesley MA, 220 pages.},
Year =1979, Annote ={ This group of monographs is the most complete and comprehensive collection of papers dealing with E-R models and logical design which I have uncovered to date. --- Fountain Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel.1> DBDschema.6> } }

@book{Chen1980, Author ={Chen,P.P.(ed)},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Approach to System Analysis and Design},
Publisher ={N-H, 663pp.},
Year =1980, Annote ={Proc.ER Conf.1, Los Angeles CA, Dec.10, 1979. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel> } }

@book{Chen1980:1, Author ={Chen,P.P. and Sprowls,R.D.(eds)},
Title ={ACM-SIGMOD 80 Proceedings},
Publisher ={ACM, Santa Monica CA.},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Category ={DBDintro>} }

@book{Chen1980:2, Author ={Chen,P.P.(ed)},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Approach to System Analysis and Design},
Publisher ={N-H, 663pp.},
Year =1980, Annote ={Proc.ER Conf.1, Los Angeles CA, Dec.10, 1979. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Chen1980:3, Author ={Chen,P.P. and Akoka,J.},
Title ={Optimal Design of Distributed Information Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers. Vol.C-29 .},
Year =1980, Month =Dec,
Pages ="1068--1081",
Number ="12",
Annote ={ Considers simultaneously the distribution of processing power, the allocation of programs and databases, and the assignment of communication line capacities. It also considers the return flow of information, as well as the dependencies between programs and databases. In addition, an algorithm, based on the `Bounded branch and Bound' integer programming technique has been developed to obtain the optimal solution of the model. Category ={DBFmethods.4.4> DBDdesign> DBFsyseval.4> } }

@book{Chen1981, Author ={Chen,P.P.(ed)},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Approach to Information Modeling and Analysis},
Publisher ={N-H, and ER Inst., Los Angeles.},
Year =1981, Annote ={Proc.ER Conf.2, held in Washington Sep.1981. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1984:2, Author ={Chen,Peter},
Title ={Query Languages for the Entity Relationship Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at LA State Un. Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@techreport{Chen1986, Author ={Chen,P.P. and Yang,A.},
Title ={The application of Boolean Lattice to Data Manipulation Types and their Subtypes},
Institution ={rcvd. for IFIP TC-2.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ Generates all combination of subtypes for enumerable domains. Not as general as Kait-Aci's work. Category ={DBDkb, (Swami) } }

@inproceedings{Chen1986:1, Author ={Chen,Q.},
Title ={The Management of Dynamically Distributed Database Windows},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Res. Inst.Surveying and Mapping, China Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1989:3, Author ={Chen,Q. and Chu,W.W.},
Title ={HILOG: A High-Order Logic Programming Language for Non-1NF Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDlang>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1991:2, Author ={Chen,Q. and Kambayashi,Y.},
Title ={Nested Relation Based Database Knowledge Representation},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDkb> DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1986:2, Author ={Chen,Su-shing},
Title ={Evidential Logic and Dempster-Shafer Theory},
Booktitle ={International Symp.on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems; Un.Tennessee.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Pages ="201--206",
Annote ={at Un.N.Carolina, Charlotte, DCS Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Chen1978, Author ={Chen,T.C.},
Title ={Computer Technology and the Database User},
Institution ={IBM, Res., Yorktown Heights NY RJ2316(31258),},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab (CA) Category ={DBFhard.1, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Chen1989:4, Author ={Chen,T-C. and Ramarao,K.V.S.},
Title ={Performance Analysis of Distributed Commit Protocols},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chen1983, Author ={Chen,W.C. and Vitter,J.S.},
Title ={Analysis of early-insertion standard coalesced hashing},
Journal ={SIAM J.Computing.},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Pages ="667-676",
Volume ="12",
Number ="4",
Annote ={chaining and open addressing Category ={DBFhash>} }

@article{Chen1984:3, Author ={Chen,W-C. and Vitter,J.S.},
Title ={Analysis of new Variants of Coalesced Hashing},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="616--645",
Volume ="9",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Brown Un. Chaining and open addressing. Internal memory is assumed! Category ={DBFhash.5> } }

@inproceedings{Chen1989:5, Author ={Chen,W. and Warren,D.},
Title ={C-Logic of Complex Objects},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={at SUNY at Stony Brook Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1992:2, Author ={Chen,Y. and Haerder,T.},
Title ={Improving RQA/FQI Recursive Query Algorithm},
Booktitle ={CIKM-92, Baltimore.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Kaiserslautern, Germany Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1993:3, Author ={Chen,Y.},
Title ={A Bottom-up Query Evaluation Method for Stratified Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Chen1984:4, Author ={Chen and Hernon},
Title ={Numeric Databases},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBappl> DBFrepresent.2, QA76.9.D3.N86} }

@article{Cheng1984, Author ={Cheng,J.M., Loosley,C.R., Shbamiya, and Worthington,P.S.},
Title ={IBM Database 2 Performance: Design, Implementation, and Tuning},
Journal ={IBM Sys.J.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Pages ="189-210",
Volume ="23",
Number ="2",
Annote ={DB2 Category ={DBDrel.2> DBFstorage>} }

@inproceedings{Cheng1991, Author ={Cheng,J. and Hurson,A.},
Title ={Effective Clustering of Complex Objects in Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder,},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={at Penn State Category ={DBDperf> DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Cheng1991:1, Author ={Cheng,J. and Hurson,A.},
Title ={On The Performance of Object-Based Buffering},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBFhard> DBDobject>} }

@article{Cheng1969, Author ={Cheng,P.S.},
Title ={Trace Driven System Modelling},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1969, Pages ="280--289",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Annote ={Simulation input from system logging. Category ={DBFtechn.2> %Cheng69 } }

@inproceedings{Cheng1980, Author ={Cheng,W.K. and Belford,G.G.},
Title ={Update Synchronization in Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds), Montreal.},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="301--308",
Annote ={at Un.Illinois, Urbana-Champaign The update initiating node acts as a semicentralized manager for that update. A timestamp is not required. An analysis is included. Category ={DBDintegrity.2> DBDdist> } }

@article{Cheng1988, Author ={Cheng,Y., Iyengar,S.S., and Kashyap,R.L.},
Title ={A New Method of Image Compression Using Irreducible Covers of Maximal Rectangles},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =May,
Pages ="651-658",
Volume ="14",
Number ="5",
Category ={Image>} } @misc{1992, Title ={An Entity-Relationship-Based Methodology for Distributed Database Design: An Integrated Approach Towards Combined Logical and Distribution Designs},
Howpublished ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .11, Karlsruhe.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Chen1992:3, Author ={Chen,Q. and Kambayashi,Y.},
Title ={Coordination of Data and Knowledge Base Systems under Distributed Environment },
Booktitle ={IFIP DS-5, Lorne, Victoria, Australia.},
Year =1992, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at HP labs; Kyoto University, Japan Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Cheriton1983, Author ={Cheriton,D.G. and Zwaenepoel,W.},
Title ={The Distributed V Kernel and Its Performance for Diskless Workstations},
Journal ={Annual ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles 9, Bretton Woods NH.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Stanford Un. includes data for sequential and random remote file access on a network Category ={DBDdist> DBFstorage-3.4, DBfile } }

@techreport{Cheriton1984, Author ={Cheriton,David},
Title ={WIS Transaction Management},
Institution ={IDA Internal Document.},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{Cheriton1987, Author ={Cheriton,David},
Title ={UIO: A Uniform I/O system Interface for distributed systems},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, No1.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Volume ="5",
Category ={DBFdist> DBFhard>} }

@techreport{Cheriton1986, Author ={Cheriton,D. and Mann,T.},
Title ={A Decentralized Naming Facility},
Institution ={Stanford Un., TR.CS-86-1098.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Category ={DBFdist , DBfile} }

@techreport{Cheriton1986:1, Author ={Cheriton,D. and Finlayson,R.S.},
Title ={Log Files: An Extended File Service Exploiting Write-Once Optical Disk},
Institution ={rcvd .},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Annote ={ WORMS indexed by binary bitmap trees, rewritten periodically and partially. Category ={DBFhard, DBfile } }

@article{Cheriton1987:1, Author ={Cheriton,David},
Title ={UIO: A Uniform I/O system Interface},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Computer Systems, to appear .},
Year =1987, Annote ={ a block level interface, with only idempotent operations, a skeletal mechanism for atomic transaction management has been provided. ---Bob Hofkin. Category ={DBFhard> DBFtrans> DBFdist> } }

@article{Chernoff1980, Author ={Chernoff,Herman},
Title ={The Identification of an Element of a Large Population in the Presence of Noise},
Journal ={The Annals of Statistics.},
Year =1980, Pages ="1179--1197",
Volume ="8",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at MIT Chernoff Faces Category ={DBappl> DBDstat, DBfile } }

@techreport{Cherubini1984, Author ={Cherubini,Ralph},
Title ={The Architecture of INFOBASE -- Stage I},
Institution ={DEC.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at DEC, Intelligent Sys. Tech. Group, Hudson X9 query system, with videodisc access and voice. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@article{Chesson1973, Author ={Chesson,F.W.},
Title ={Computers and Cryptology},
Journal ={Datamation,},
Year =1973, Month =Jan,
Pages ="62--81",
Annote ={ An introduction into enciphering and decrypting methods with simple examples. Category ={DBFrepresent-5, xB12.7> } }

@inproceedings{Cheung1989, Author ={Cheung,S.Y., Ahamad,M. and Ammar,M.H.},
Title ={Optimizing Vote and Quorum Assignments for Reading and},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Cheung1990, Author ={Cheung,S.Y., Ammar,M., and Ahamad,M.},
Title ={The Grid Protocol: A High Performance Scheme for Maintaining Replicated Data},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Georgia Institute of Technology Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Cheung1980, Author ={Cheung,T-Y.},
Title ={Two Statistical Models for Estimating the Number of Records in a Relational Database},
Institution ={Un.Ottawa, DCS, TR-80-11 (Ontario, Canada) .},
Year =1980, Category ={DBFimpl.2.3>} }

@article{Cheung1982, Author ={Cheung,T-Y.},
Title ={Estimating Block Accesses and Number of Records in File Management},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1982, Month =Jul,
Pages ="484--487",
Volume ="25",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Un.Ottawa Category ={DBFimpl.2.3>} }

@article{Cheung1982:1, Author ={Cheung,T-Y.},
Title ={A Method for Equijoin Queries in Distributed Relational Databases},
Journal ={IEEE Computer, Vol.C-31 .},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Pages ="746--751",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Un.Ottawa Generate a sequence of semijoin transmission schedules with minimal response time. Each sequence will fully reduce the joining domain appearing at the end of the sequence. Transmits these fully reduced domains to other relations to achieve more data reduction. Category ={DBDrel.3> DBDdist> } }

@article{Cheung1989:1, Author ={Cheung,T-Y., Ahamad,M., and Ammar,M.},
Title ={Optimizing Vote and Quorum Assignments for Reading and Writing Replicated Data},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1989, Month =Sep,
Pages ="376--386",
Volume ="1",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Georgia Inst. Techn. Category ={DBDconc>} }

@article{Chi1982, Author ={Chi,C.S.},
Title ={Advances in Computer Mass Storage Technology},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="60--74",
Annote ={at Sperry Res.Ctr Magnetic and optical head and perpendicular mode recording, and the evolution of functional intelligence are ensuring the continued dominance of magnetic mass storage devices. Category ={DBFhard.1> } }

@inproceedings{Chi1985, Author ={Chi,E.C., Lyman,M.S., Sager,N., Friedman,C., and MacLeod,C.},
Title ={A Database of Computer-Structured Narrative: Methods of Computing Complex Relations},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 9.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="221--226",
Annote ={ at NYU, Courant Inst., Linguistic String Project Category ={MIS> } }

@article{Chiang1982, Author ={Chiang,T.C. and Rose,G.R.},
Title ={Design and Implementation of a Production Database Management System (DBM-2)},
Journal ={Bell System Technical Journal.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="2511--2528",
Volume ="61",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ A production system, high performance and flexibility. An extended entity-relationship data model provides a basis for DBM-2. I3 Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@article{Childs1968, Author ={Childs,D.L.},
Title ={Feasibility of a Set Theoretical Data Structure --- A General Structure Based on a Reconstructed Definition of Relation},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf-68, Proc.IFIP , N-H.},
Year =1968, Pages ="162--172",
Annote ={at Un.Michigan Seminal paper defining an algebra on sets applied to relations. Category ={DBDschema> %Childs68F } }

@article{Childs1968:1, Author ={Childs,D.L.},
Title ={Description of a Set-Theoretic Structure},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1968, Pages ="557--564",
Volume ="33",
Annote ={Experimental data base based on ordered sets. Category ={DBDrel>%Childs68D } }

@inproceedings{Chilenskas1982, Author ={Chilenskas,R.M., Blaustein,B., and Ries,D.R.},
Title ={Concurrency After the Fact},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 2, Wiederhold(ed), Pittsburgh PA, page 63.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at CCA If a network becomes partitioned, the independent groups could continue running and build conflicting versions of the database. Category ={DBFrepresent.5> } }

@inproceedings{Chilson1983, Author ={Chilson,D.H. and Kudlac,M.E.},
Title ={Database Design: A Survey of Logical and Physical Design Techniques},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 83, Database Week, San Jose CA.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="70--84",
Annote ={ at Bowling Green State Un.; Owens-Corning Fiberglas Cop. Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> } }

@article{Chimenti1987, Author ={Chimenti,D., et al.},
Title ={An Overview of the LDL System},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="235--245",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={at MCC Category ={unknown>} }

@inproceedings{Chimenti1989, Author ={Chimenti,D., Gamboa,R., and Krishnamurthy,R.},
Title ={Towards an Open Architecture for LDL},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at MCC Extend LDL to allow programs to call external procedures and vice versa. Category ={DBDkb } }

@inproceedings{Chimenti1990, Author ={Chimenti,D., Gamboa,R., Krishnamurthy,R., Naqvi,S., Tsur,S., and Zaniolo,C.},
Title ={The LDL System Prototype},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ overview of the system and description of the LDL language; also the optimization techniques to improve performance and assure safety Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Chin1978, Author ={Chin,F.Y.},
Title ={Security in Statistical Databases for Queries with Small Counts},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1978, Month Mar,
Pages ="92--104",
Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Under the assumption that the system protects the individual's information by the technique which avoids publishing summaries with small counts, properties about the system and a necessary and sufficient condition for compromising the database have been derived. Category ={DBDprivacy.2.1> } }

@article{Chin1981, Author ={Chin,F.Y. and Ozsoyoglu,G.},
Title ={Statistical Database Design},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month Mar,
Pages ="113--139",
Volume ="6",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Limit the use of the database so that no sequence of statistical queries is sufficient to deduce confidential information at the conceptual data model level. Category ={DBDprivacy.2.2> DBDprivacy-10> } }

@article{Chin1982, Author ={Chin,F.Y. and Ozsoyoglu,G.},
Title ={Auditing and Inference Control in Statistical Databases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-8 .},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="574--582",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDstatistics> DBDprivacy-10, DBfile} }

@article{Chin1986, Author ={Chin,Frances Y.},
Title ={Security Problems on Inference Control for SUM, MIN, and MAX queries},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Pages ="451--464",
Volume ="33",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDprivacy-10>} }

@article{Chin1989, Author ={Chin,Tan Joo and Wang,K.Y.},
Title ={Software Technology Development in Singapore},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Pages ="61--65",
Annote ={at Information Technology Inst., Singapore Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Chin1975, Author ={Chin,Y.H.},
Title ={Analysis of VSAM's Free-Space Behavior},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed), (abstract).},
Year =1975, Pages ="514--515",
Annote ={at Northwestern Un., CSD (Evanston IL) Category ={DBFimpl.3.1> DBFtree, DBfile, binder 4 full paper } }

@article{Chinese1986, Author ={Chinese Computer Federation},
Title ={Journal of Computer Science and Technology},
Journal ={Allerton Press, NY ?},
Year =1986, Annote ={ an invaluable overview of the computation sciences in China Category ={unknown> } }

@techreport{Chiu1979, Author ={Chiu,D.M., Ho,Y.C., and Bernstein,P.A.},
Title ={On Optimization of Query Processing Strategies},
Institution ={Harvard Un., Div.Applied Sciences, TR.672.},
Year =1979, Annote ={ at Harvard Un., Div.Applied Sciences (Cambridge MA) Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Chiu1987, Author ={Chiu,L. and Liu,M.T.},
Title ={An Effective Concurrency Control Algorithm for Distributed Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Chiueh1991, Author ={Chiueh,T. and Katz,R.},
Title ={Trait: An Attribute Management System for VLSI Design Objects},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Annote ={at UCB Category ={EIS> DBDobject>} }

@book{Chiyokura1988, Author ={Chiyokura,Hiraki},
Title ={Solid Modelling with DESIGNBASE},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 305pp.},
Year =1988, Annote ={at Ricoh (Tokyo, Japan) Category ={EIS, x} }

@article{Chmura1990, Author ={Chmura,L.J., Norcio,A.F., and Wicinski,T.J.},
Title ={Evaluating Software Design Processes by Analyzing Change Data Over Time},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Volume ="16",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at NRL, Washington Category ={DEng>} }

@techreport{Choi1986, Author ={Choi,A.},
Title ={Optimal Memory Management Strategies for Query Processing},
Institution ={PhD Th., UCD.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at UCD Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Choi1989, Author ={Choi,C.H.B. and Lee,D.L.},
Title ={Generic Associative Memory for Information Retrieval},
Booktitle ={IWDM 89, (Deauville France).},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Ohio State Un. Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Choi1990, Author ={Choi,I. and Mannino,M.},
Title ={Type restrictions and methods interfaces in object-oriented database programming},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Texas, Austin method semantics, avoid anti-monotonicity (subsumption) Category ={DBDobject> DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Cholvy1986, Author ={Cholvy,L. and Demolombe,R.},
Title ={Querying a Rule Base},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Annote ={at CERT, Toulouse, France Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Cholvy1986:1, Author ={Cholvy,Laurence},
Title ={Update Semantics under the Domain Closure Assumption},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at ONERA-CERT-DERI (France) Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Cholvy1986:2, Author ={Cholvy,Laurence},
Title ={A Model Approach to Update Semantics Problem},
Booktitle ={DS-2, IFIP TC-2 Conf.on Knowledge and Data, Portugal.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Onera-Cert (Toulouse, France) Information stored in the database is not only factual updates concern facts and rules . Category ={DBDops> DBDkb> } }

@unpublished{Chomicki1985, Author ={Chomicki,J. and Imielinski,T.},
Title ={Recognizing Pseudo-recursion in Deductive Databases},
Note ={.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ Jeff N. need not quake. They dwell on typed formulas, not untyped as he does. In fact, this paper seems to relate both to the Maier/Ullman/Vardi `revenge of the JD' and Sagiv's `real revenge of the JD'. ---jdu Category ={DBDtheory.2, ullman } }

@inproceedings{Chomicki1988, Author ={Chomicki,J. and Imielinski,T.},
Title ={Temporal Deductive Databases and Infinite Objects},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1988, Category ={DBDobject> DBDlogic>} }

@article{Chomicki1989, Author ={Chomicki,J. and Imielinski,T.},
Title ={Relational Specifications of Infinite Query Answers},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={ at Un.Maryland, Inst.for Advanced Computer Studies Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Chomicki1990, Author ={Chomicki,Jan},
Title ={Polynomial Time Query Processing in Temporal Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Nashville.},
Year =1990, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.N.Carolina TDD is DATALOG extended, rules relate events; an annual event is represented by E(T+365)=E(T), Finite granularity, yes/no answers are decidable Category ={DBDkb> DBDops> } }

@inproceedings{Chomicki1992, Author ={Chomicki,J.},
Title ={History-less Checking of Dynamic Integrity Constraints},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Kansas State Un. Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Chomicki1992:1, Author ={Chomicki,Jan},
Title ={Real-Time Integrity Constraints},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego. },
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Chomicki1993, Author ={Chomicki,J. and Imielinski,T.},
Title ={Finite Representation of Infinite Query Answers},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1993, Month =Jun,
Volume ="18",
Number ="2",
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Choobineh1988, Author ={Choobineh,J., Mannino,M.V., Nunamaker,J.F.Jr., and Konsynkski,B.R.},
Title ={An Expert Database Design System Based on Analysis of Forms},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Pages ="242--253",
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDkb> DBoffice>} }

@book{Chorafas1982, Author ={Chorafas, Dimitris N.},
Title ={Databases for Networks and Minicomputers},
Publisher ={Petrocelli Books., Princeton NJ, 281pp.},
Year =1982, Annote ={ Organizational steps which are required in order to prepare a database for operation in an online distributed environment. Three layers: data processing, data communication, and database management. Also his own classification system for identifying information elements. J.B. Grimson Category ={DBDdist> DBFrepresent.1> } }

@article{Choquet1954, Author ={Choquet,G.},
Title ={Theory of Capacities},
Journal ={Annales de l'institut Fourier, Grenoble.},
Year =1954, Pages ="131--295",
Volume ="5",
Annote ={conditions for an algebra of uncertainty. Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Chou1989, Author ={Chou,D. and Segev,A.},
Title ={SQL Query Modification Algorithms},
Institution ={LBL-27430, ?},
Year =1989, Annote ={at LBL Category ={DBDrel, DBfile Segev} }

@book{Chou1986, Author ={Chou, George T.},
Title ={dBASE III Plus Handbook 2nd Edition},
Publisher ={QUE Corp, 520pp.},
Year =1986, Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@article{Cou1986, Author ={Cou,H-T., Garza,J., and Ballou,N.},
Title ={Supporting a Database System on Symbolics Lisp machines},
Journal ={IEEE Data Engineering, Vol. 5.},
Year =1986, Pages ="143--158",
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DBDkb> DBDobject>} }

@unpublished{Chou1986:1, Author ={Chou,H-T. and Kim,W.},
Title ={A Unifying Framework for version control in a CAD Environment},
Note ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at MCC Category ={EIS, DBfile} }

@article{Choudhary1989, Author ={Choudhary,A.N.},
Title ={A modified priority based probe algorithm for distributed deadlock detection and resolution},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), ; ACM Computing Reviews 89-8-0570.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Volume ="15",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Eliminates false positives and missed deadlocks of Sinha and Natarajan; transactions specify their intent to lock to a distributed manager that will detect and correct deadlock with additional messages; no formal proof of correctness. ---Bash. Category ={DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{Choudhary1990, Author ={Choudhary,A.N.},
Title ={Cost of Distributed Deadlock Detection: A Performance Study},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Illinois Category ={DBDDIST>} }

@article{Chow1969, Author ={Chow,David K.},
Title ={Now Balanced File Organization},
Journal ={Information and Control.},
Year =1969, Pages ="377--396",
Volume ="15",
Number ="5",
Category ={DBFhybrid.6.4>%Chow69} }

@inproceedings{Chow1987, Author ={Chow,Ey-chih},
Title ={Representing Databases in Frames},
Booktitle ={Proc. Natl. Conf. of the American Association for Artifical Int'87.},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ The article is concerned with how a part of IRIS database may be loaded in HPRL (A Frame System). SOme performance tradeoffs were discussed. There is a class frame corresponding to each relation name. Every tuple corresponds to an instance frame. The foreign keys are mapped to either physical pointers to frame or left as it is. The performance aspects of these two representations were discussed. It mentions caching for speedup but does not discuss the criteria/techniques. The title sounds exciting but I failed to notice any new idea in this paper. May be I am missing the point... --- surajit Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Chow1990, Author ={Chow,F. and Hennesy,J.},
Title ={The priority-based coloring approach to register allocation},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Volume ="12",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at MIPS Category ={DBDperf>} }

@techreport{Chowdhury1990, Author ={Chowdhury,Shamsul},
Title ={Computer-Based Support for Knowledge Extraction from Clinical Databases},
Institution ={PhD Thesis.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at Linkoping Un. Category ={DBDkb, Thesisfile} }

@techreport{Choy1984, Author ={Choy,D.M., Bamford,R.J., and Tung,F.C.},
Title ={A Database Management System for Office Systems and Advanced Workstations},
Institution ={IBM, Res. Report RJ 4318.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDoffice>} }

@inproceedings{Choy1991, Author ={Choy,D. and Selinger,P.},
Title ={A Distributed Catalog for Heterogeneous Distributed Database Resources},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Christensen1987, Author ={Christensen,A. and Zahle,T.},
Title ={A Comparison of Self-contained and Embedded Database LANGUAGES},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={and improvements. Category ={DBDrel>} }

@inproceedings{Christensen1972, Author ={Christensen,G.S. and Jones,D.D.},
Title ={The Control Data STAR-100 File Storage Station},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS , page 561--570},
Year =1972, Volume ="41",
Annote ={at CDC, St.Paul Category ={DBFhard.5.4>} }

@inproceedings{Christmann1987, Author ={Christmann,P., Haerder,T., Meyer-Wegener,K., and Sikeler,A.},
Title ={Which Kinds of OS Mechanisms Should be Provided for Database Management?},
Booktitle ={WS Dist. System, Berlin.},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Un.Kaiserslautern (FRG) Category ={DBDarchitecture, DBfile } }

@techreport{Christodoulakis1981, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={Estimating Selectivities in Data Bases},
Institution ={Un.Toronto, TR.CSRG-136.},
Year =1981, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBFseq.1.1>} }

@article{Christodoulakis1987, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={Analysis of Retrieval Performance for Records and Objects Using Optical Disk Technology},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Pages ="137--169",
Volume ="12",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo Category ={DBFmethods> DBFhard>} }

@techreport{Christodoulakis1983, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={Estimating Block Transfers and Join Sizes},
Institution ={Proc. ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data, San Jose.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Pages ="40--54",
Category ={DBDrel.2.3>} }

@techreport{Christodoulakis1983:1, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={Estimating Record Selectivities},
Institution ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press .},
Year =1983, Month =Jun,
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFseq.1.1>} }

@techreport{Christodoulakis1983:2, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={Estimating Record Selectivities},
Institution ={IEEE DBE Bull..},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDrel.2.2>} }

@article{Christodoulakis1984, Author ={Christodoulakis,S.},
Title ={Estimating Block Selectivities},
Journal ={Inf. Sys..},
Year =1984, Pages ="69--79",
Volume ="9",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Christodoulakis1983:3, Author ={Christodoulakis,S.},
Title ={Implications of Certain Assumptions in Data Base Performance Evaluation},
Journal ={rcvd .},
Year =1983, Annote ={at Un.Toronto The assumptions of random placement of records in the blocks of a file, and the uniformity and independence of attribute values in the file, are frequently used in database performance evaluation studies. We prove that these assumptions often result in predicting only an upper bound of the expected system cost. We discuss the implications of non-random placement, non-uniformity and dependencies of attribute values on database design and database performance evaluation. After a somewhat cursory reading of the paper--A few comments: A. Uniform distributions, particularly for parallel machines, may imply uniform distribution of work over the machines--thus givingan upper bound for speedup--thus a uniform distribution is an optimistic assumption. B. For uniprocessor systems -- the assumption of a uniform dist.is optimistic when: 1. hashing--fewer collisions, shorter lists at collisions should be expected from a uniform distribution. 2. trees--more balancing costs may be incurred for non-uniform distributions. 3. searching--for example, a binary search on a non-uniform could cost significantly more. 4. sorting--I suspect that uniform distributions are optimal for some sorting methods, although I haven't looked at this in any detail. ---B.Thompson. Category ={DBFmethods.1> DBFseq.1.1, DBfile } }

@article{Christodoulakis1984:1, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stavros},
Title ={An Experimental Multimedia System for an Office Environment},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Pages ="43--48",
Volume ="7",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFhard.1> Image>} }

@article{Christodoulakis1986, Author ={Christodoulakis,Stravos},
Title ={Query Processing in Optical Disk Based Multimedia Information Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Data Engineering, Vol. 5.},
Year =1986, Pages ="193--197",
Annote ={ MINOS project in multimedia information management; includes Contant Linear Velocity optical disks Category ={DBFhard> } }

@article{Christodoulakis1986:1, Author ={Christodoulakis,S. and Faloutsos,C.},
Title ={Design and Performance Considerations for an Optical Disk-Based Multimedia Time Object Server},
Journal ={Computer, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8707-598.},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Pages ="45--56",
Volume ="19",
Number ="12",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo; Un.Maryland a query specification and a retrieval browsing interface. performance issues limited and system design issues hardly at all. ---Huber. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Christodoulakis1988, Author ={Christodoulakis,S. and Graham,S.},
Title ={Browsing Within Time-Driven Multimedia Documents},
Booktitle ={ACM Conf.on Office Information Systems.(>1988?).},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="219--227",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo, Inst.Computer Res. Temporal abstraction for voice, animation with hold and go. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@article{Christodoulakis1988:1, Author ={Christodoulakis,S., Elliott,K., Ford,D., Hatzilemonias,K., Ledoux,E., Leitch,M., and Ng,R.},
Title ={Optical Mass Storage Systems and their Performance},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="14--25",
Volume ="11",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Waterloo, DCS Category ={DBFhard>} }

@article{Christodoulakis1989, Author ={Christodoulakis,S. and Ford,D.A.},
Title ={Retrieval Performance Versus Disc Space Utilization on WORM Optical Discs},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@inproceedings{Chrysanthis1990, Author ={Chrysanthis,P.K. and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={ACTA: A Framework for Specifying and Reasoning about Transaction Structure and Behavior},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={at UMass, Amherts Model with some applications; actions are classified. The classification is applied to nested transactions. Fauve Transaction has a view set and an access set; failure atomicity and serializability combine notions such as visibility, permanence, recovery and consistency. This paper introduces a formalizable framework named ACTA which allows for specifying the structure and behavior of transactions as well as for reasoning about the consistency and recovery properties of the transactions. In ACTA, two types of completion dependencies and two kinds of sets are used to implement above functions. Complete Depencencies: Commit-Dependency - One transaction cannot commit until another Abort-Dependency - If one transaction aborts then another transaction should also abort. View Set: contains all the objects potentially acceccible to a transaction Access Set: contains all the objects already accessed by a transaction The paper shows that the semantics of four already proposed transaction models, namely nested transactions, split transactions, recoverable communicating actions and cooperative transactions, are specified clearly using ACTA framework. Also the paper proves ACTA's rich ability by introducing new transaction model which is defined by combining nested transaction model and split transaction model. ---Mikasa. Category ={DBDtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Chrysanthis1991, Author ={Chrysanthis,P., Raghuram,S., and Ramamrigham,K.},
Title ={Extracting Concurrency from Objects: A Methodology},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder.},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Category ={DBDconc> DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Chrysanthis1991:1, Author ={Chrysanthis,P.K. and Ramamritham,K.},
Title ={A Formalism for Extended Transaction Models},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={FAUVE Category ={DBFtrans>} }

@inproceedings{Chu1991, Author ={Chu,B-T},
Title ={On the representation of continuous causal relationships},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at UNC, Charlotte causation probabilities can be derived based on classical statistical theory Category ={DBDkb> } }

@unpublished{Chu, Author ={Chu,S. and Winslett,M.},
Title ={The Performance of CAD databases: UNIFY'd MAGIC},
Note ={rcvd. 90.},
Month =Dec,
Annote ={ performance is relatively independent of the data model retrieval from the DBMS (UNIFY using ring structure for a layout tool (MAGIC) was within 25 percent of the ordinary files Category ={EIS> DBDperf, DBfile Winslett } }

@article{Chu1968, Author ={Chu,Wesley W.},
Title ={Optimal File Allocation in a Multicomputer Information System},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf-68, Proc.IFIP Congress, N-H , pp.F80--F85.},
Year =1968, Annote ={at Bell Telephone Labs, Holmdel (NJ) A model for cost minimization in a network having high speed comm. links. Category ={DBFtechn.4.4> DBDdist> } }

@article{Chu1969, Author ={Chu,W.W.},
Title ={Optimal File Allocation in a Multiple Computer System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol.C18 .},
Year =1969, Month =Oct,
Pages ="885--888",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD (Los Angeles) A model is developed for allocating information files required in common by several computers. The model is formulated into a nonlinear integer zero-one programming problem. Category ={DBFstorage-3.1> DBFeval.4> DBFeval.4.11> DBFtechn.4.5> DBDdist, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Chu1973, Author ={Chu,W.W.},
Title ={Optimal File Allocation in a Computer Networks},
Booktitle ={Computer-Communication Networks, Abramson and Kuo(eds), Prentice-Hall publishers, .},
Year =1973, Pages ="83--94",
Category ={DBFtechn.4.4> DBDdist>} }

@article{Chu1974, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Ohlmacher,G.},
Title ={Avoiding Deadlock in Distributed Data Bases},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf, Nov .},
Year =1974, Pages ="156--160",
Volume ="1",
Annote ={ Deadlock prevention mechanisms and a deadlock protection mechanism for distributed data base systems are presented. Category ={DBFeval.4> DBDintegrity.2> DBDquery, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Chu1975, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Nahourii,E.E.},
Title ={File Directory Design Considerations for Distributed Data Bases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 1, Kerr(ed), (Abstract only).},
Year =1975, Month =Sep,
Pages ="543--545",
Annote ={at IBM, Systems Dev. (Palo Alto) The centralized, the localized and the distributed file directories are studied, Mathematical models are formulated to study the tradeoffs in cost and response time. Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@inproceedings{Chu1979, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Hurley,P.},
Title ={A Model for Optimal Processing for Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE Compcon 18, Spr. .},
Year =1979, Pages ="116--122",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chu1980, Author ={Chu,W.W., Holloway,L.J., Lan,M-T., and Efe,K.},
Title ={Task Allocation in Distributed Data Processing},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chu1982, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Hurley,P.},
Title ={Optimal Query Processing for Distributed Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers. Vol.C-31 .},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Pages ="835--850",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at UCLA, and Bell Lab, Holmdel NJ.. Modeling techniques based on multivariate statistical models shown better estimates of record selectivity. Category ={DBDdist> DBDperf> } }

@article{Chu1987, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Leung,K.K.},
Title ={Module Replication and Assignment for Real-Time Distributed Processing Systems},
Journal ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="547--562",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at UCLA Category ={DBDdist, xissue} }

@article{Chu:1, Author ={Chu,Wesley W.},
Title ={Principles of Distributed Data-Base Design},
Journal ={Comp. Communications, : systems and applications, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8703-0164.},
Pages ="434--480",
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD File allocation file directory approaches deadlock. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Chu1984, Author ={Chu,W.W., Lan,M-T., and Hellerstein,J.},
Title ={Estimation of Intermodule Communication (IMC) and its Application in Distributed Processing Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers. Vol.C-33 .},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Pages ="691--699",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chu1985, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Hellerstein,J.},
Title ={The Exclusive-Writer Approach to Updating Replicated Files in Distributed Processing Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Computers., Vol.C-34 .},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Number ="6",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chu1987:1, Author ={Chu,W.W., Kim,K.H., and McDonald,W.C.},
Title ={Testbed-Based Validation of Design Techniques for Reliable Distributed Real- Time Systems},
Journal ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="649--667",
Volume ="75",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at UCLA, CSD; UCI Category ={DBDdist, xissue} }

@inproceedings{Chu1991:1, Author ={Chu,Wesley},
Title ={Using Type Inference and Induced Rules to Provide Intensional Answers},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Chu1987:2, Author ={Chu,W.(ed)},
Title ={Special Issue on Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc. IEEE.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="532--735",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chu1990, Author ={Chu,W. and Hwang,A.},
Title ={Inference Techniques for Fault Tolerant Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Parbase-90, Miami Beach.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Annote ={at UCLA alternate inference paths Category ={DBDreliab> DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Chu1991:2, Author ={Chu,W., Chen,Q., and Lee,R.},
Title ={Deriving Intensional and Approximate Answers in a Cooperative Database Environment},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chu1992, Author ={Chu,W., Ribeiro,B., and Ngai,P.},
Title ={Object Allocation in Distributed Systems with Virtual Replication},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at UCLA Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Chu1992:1, Author ={Chu,W.W., Ieong,I.T., Taira,R.K., and Breant,C.M.},
Title ={A Temporal Evolutionary Object-Oriented Data Model and Its Query Language for Medical Image Management},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ TEQL primitives on GEMSTONE; include temporal and image data operations for retrieval by image content based on textures Category ={MIS> DBDops> Image> DENG> } }

@article{Chu1992:2, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Chen,Q.},
Title ={Neighborhood and Associative Query Answering},
Journal ={Journal of Intelligent Information Systems.},
Year =1992, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery>} }

@article{Chu1993, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Chen,Q.},
Title ={Pattern-based Data and Knowledge Integration for Intelligent Query Answering},
Journal ={J. of Heuristics, special issue on Intelligent Information Systems.},
Year =1993, Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery>} }

@article{Chu1993:1, Author ={Chu,W.W. and Chen,Q.},
Title ={A Structured Approach for Cooperative Query Answering},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Data and Knowledge Engineering.},
Year =1993, Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery>} }

@incollection{Chuang1989, Author ={Chuang,P-J. and Springsteel,F.},
Title ={ERDDS - The Intelligent E-R-based Database Design System with Visual Semantics Knowledge Base Prototype},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC 2-6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="57--86",
Annote ={at Un.Missouri, Columbia, DCS E-R model is validated with relational normalization rules. Loop free ER diagrams are BCNF. Semantics kept in Prolog form. Design tool. Category ={DBDimage> DBDmodel> DBDdesign> } }

@techreport{Chueh1973, Author ={Chueh,J.C.},
Title ={A Memory Interlocking System for Storage Hierarchies},
Institution ={Company internal report.},
Year =1973, Annote ={at MASCOR; MEMOREX (Cupertino CA) Computer Architecture specifications for interlocking Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Chun1973, Author ={Chun,K-T., Cobb,S., French,J.R.P.jr., and Seashore,S.},
Title ={Storage and Retrieval of Information on Psychological Measures},
Journal ={American Psychologist,},
Year =1973, Month =Jul,
Pages ="592--599",
Volume ="28",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Un.Michigan, Inst.for Social Research Review of problems of description of criteria, many references. Data elements in psychological research; Uses AUTONOTE system. Category ={DBDschema, xB7%Chun73 } }

@inproceedings{Chung1984, Author ={Chung,C.W. and Irani,K.B.},
Title ={Optimization of Queries in Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at General Motors; Un.Michigan Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Chung1990, Author ={Chung,C-W.},
Title ={DATAPLEX: An Access to Heterogeneous Distributed Databases},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 9012-0941.},
Year =1990, Month =Jan,
Pages ="70--80",
Volume ="33",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at General Motors Research Laboratories Use the relational model as a common data model and the SQL; 14 modules: controller (multiple transactions); user interface (full screen) application interface; SQL parser; data dictionary manager; security manager; distributed query decomposer; distributed database protocol; translator; local DBMS interface; distributed query optimizer; distributed transaction coordinator; relational operation processor and error handler. a query is partly decomposed at the user location, but transactions are translated at the data location; two-phase commit; the local prepare-to-commit phase must be made globally visible by each local database manager. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Chupin1973, Author ={Chupin,J.C.},
Title ={Control Concepts of a Logical Network Machine for Data Banks},
Journal ={Proc.of IFIP Congress .},
Year =1973, Pages ="291--295",
Annote ={at CII, Scientific Ctr, IMAG (Grenoble, France) Describes the control concepts of a Logical Network Machine to be used for data base application using the Socrate system. It's hard to understand what the author is saying in the paper. Category ={DBFeval.4> } }

@book{Churchman1968, Author ={Churchman,C.West},
Title ={The Systems Approach},
Publisher ={Delacorte Press and Dell Publishing, NY.},
Year =1968, Annote ={at UCB A philosophical basis for system evaluation Category ={DBFeval> } }

@book{Churchman1971, Author ={Churchman,C.W.},
Title ={The Design of Inquiring Systems},
Publisher ={Basic Books.},
Year =1971, Category ={DBDquery.3>} }

@inproceedings{Chute1990, Author ={ Chute, et al. Chute, et al.},
Title ={A Preliminary Evaluation of the UMLS Metathesaurus for Patient Record Classification},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE .},
Year =1990, Annote ={Unified Medical Language System Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@inproceedings{Cicchetti1989, Author ={Cicchetti,R., Lakhal,L., LeThanh,N., and Miranda,S.},
Title ={A Logical Summary-data Model for Macro Statistical Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc. of the Intern. Symp.on Database Systems for Advanced Applications 1, Seoul Korea.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="43--51",
Annote ={at CERAM, Sophia Antipolis, (Valbonne France) Distinguishes micro, source databases, and macro, derived summary databases. Compared with Ghosh's SRT, Ozsoyoglu's SMT. Composability of primitive tables. ORACLE implementation. I3 Category ={Statistics> } }

@article{Ciciani1990, Author ={Ciciani,B., Dias,D., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Analysis of Replication in Distributed Database Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1990, Month =Jun,
Volume ="2",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Roma Un. the benefit is sensitive to the concurrency control protocol, the transaction mix, the communication delay and overhead, the number of distributed sites, and the available MIPS Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{Ciciani1990:1, Author ={Ciciani,B., Dias,D., Iyer,B., and Yu,P.},
Title ={A Hybrid Distributed Centralized System Structure for Transaction Processing},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Volume ="16",
Number ="8",
Annote ={ distributed to take advantage of locality of reference and central to handle transactions that access nonlocal data. Category ={DBFdist> DBFtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Ciepelewski1986, Author ={Ciepelewski,A. and Hausman,B.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of a Storage Model for OR-Parallel Execution},
Booktitle ={IEEE-SLP 86, Salt Lake City UT.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Swedish Inst.of Comp.Sc.(SICS) Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@manual{CII1980, Author ={CII, Honeywell},
Title ={Formal Definition of the ADA programming language},
Organization ={CII, Honeywell, TR..},
Year =1980, Annote ={ uses FORMOL (based on INRIAs MENTOR) as the specification language. Heavy, detailed. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Civelek1988, Author ={Civelek,F.N., Dogac,A., and Spaccapietra,S.},
Title ={An Expert System Approach to View Definition and Integration},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. .7, Rome.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Middle East Tech.Un., Turkey Category ={DBDkb>} }

@unpublished{Clearwater1991, Author ={Clearwater,S., Hubermann,B., and Hogg,T.},
Title ={Problem Solving by Committee},
Note ={submitted to Science.},
Year =1991, Annote ={at Xerox Parc experimental results on cooperative problem solving; the agents are equivalent (not specialized) and solve a description problem Category ={DBDdis, DBfile } }

@article{Cleary1984, Author ={Cleary,J.G. and Witten,I.H.},
Title ={Data Compression Using Adaptive Coding and Partial String Matching},
Journal ={IEEE Trans.Commun..},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Pages ="396--402",
Volume ="32",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@article{Clancey1983, Author ={Clancey,W.J.},
Title ={The Epistemology of a Rule-Based Expert System a Framework for Explanation},
Journal ={Artificial Intelligence.},
Year =1983, Number ="20",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Clancey1983:1, Author ={Clancey,W.J.},
Title ={The Advantage of Abstract Control Knowledge in Expert System Design},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CSD, TR.Stan-CS-83-995.},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Rule ordering versus domain-independent Meta-rules. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@techreport{Clancey1985, Author ={Clancey,W.J. and Bock,C.},
Title ={Representing Control Knowledge as Abstract Task and Metarules},
Institution ={TR-STAN-CS-87-1168.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Partitioning Category ={DBDkb, DBfile } }

@techreport{Clancey1986, Author ={Clancey, William J.},
Title ={Viewing Knowledge Bases as Qualitative Models},
Institution ={STAN-CS-87-1170.},
Year =1986, Month =May,
Annote ={at Stanford Un., CSD Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Clark1987, Author ={Clark,D.C. and Wilson,D.R.},
Title ={A Comparison of Commercial and Military Security Policies},
Booktitle ={Proc. IEEE Symp.on Security and Privacy, Washington DC,},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDprotect>} }

@inproceedings{Clark1978, Author ={Clark,J.D. and Hoffer,J.A.},
Title ={A Procedure for the Determination of Attribute Access Probabilities},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 78.},
Year =1978, Pages ="110--117",
Annote ={ Five kinds of statistic collection biases are systematically considered, experimental results are reported. Category ={DBFseq.1> DBFindex.4> DBFhash.6> DBFtechn.2> } }

@techreport{Clark1979, Author ={Clark,J. and Hoffer,J.A.},
Title ={Physical Database Record Design},
Institution ={ADL, The Data Base Monograph Series: 10 Reports, ?, 100pp.},
Year =1979, Annote ={ Tools for collecting and/or derivisng parameters and design algorithms for physical record design. Category ={DBFseq> } }

@book{Clark1981, Author ={Clark,J.D.},
Title ={Data Base Selection, Design and Administration},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Clark1978:1, Author ={Clark,J.},
Title ={Negation as Failure},
Booktitle ={'Logic and Data Bases', Gallaire and Minker(eds), Plenum Press.},
Year =1978, Annote ={related to Reiter's closed world assumption. Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.2> } }

@article{Clark1966, Author ={Clark,W.A.},
Title ={The Functional Structure of OS/360: Part III Data Management},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1966, Pages ="30--51",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM File Organization Methods. Category ={DBFhybrid> %Clark66 } }

@inproceedings{Clark1974, Author ={Clark,W.O.},
Title ={A Dual Structured Data Base System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGPLAN SIGIR , Nance(ed).},
Year =1974, Pages ="131--143",
Annote ={Trees, compressed indexes, etc.. Category ={DBFimpl> DBFhybrid> } }

@inproceedings{Claybrook1974, Author ={Claybrook,Billy G.},
Title ={A File Definition Facility for File Structures},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed),},
Year =1974, Pages ="1--14",
Annote ={Storage declarations in a schema. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{Claybrook1974:1, Author ={Claybrook,B.G.},
Title ={FOL: A Language for Implementing File Structures},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGPLAN SIGIR , Nance(ed).},
Year =1974, Pages ="101--112",
Annote ={at Virginia Polytechnic Inst. and State Un. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{Clemons1978, Author ={Clemons,E.K.},
Title ={An External Schema Facility to Support Data Base Update},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneiderman(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="371--398",
Annote ={at U.Penn Category ={DBDschema.2>} }

@article{Clemons1981, Author ={Clemons,E.K.},
Title ={Design of an External Schema Facility to Define and Process Recursive Structures},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="295--311",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ An external schema facility is both simple and recursive. Functions must be provided for node specification and node control. [Ahad,Yao,Choi87] A.2. Category ={DBDlogic> DBDschema> } }

@article{Clark1967, Author ={Clark,R.A.},
Title ={LOGIC: The Santa Clara County Government Inf. System and It's Relationship to the Planning Department},
Journal ={Planning, May 12..},
Year =1967, Category ={DBDintro.8> %Clark67} }

@article{Clark1989, Author ={Clark,R.L.},
Title ={Engineering Data Management Directions},
Journal ={IEEE COMPCON 89, San Francisco, -Mar., IEEE CS,},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="415--420",
Annote ={at TeamOne Systems Inc. Growth estimates of the industry. Category ={EIS> } }

@book{Claybrook1983, Author ={Claybrook,B.G.},
Title ={File Management Techniques},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY).},
Year =1983, Annote ={ Long time in coming, oriented towards mainframes. Disk and tape performance. Category ={DBFintro> DBFseq.0, QA76.6F5C55 } }

@unpublished{Clayman1988, Author ={Clayman,Stuart},
Title ={An Architecture for Distributed Control in Large Systems},
Note ={rcvd. ?},
Year =1988, Annote ={at Kingston Polytechnic, U.K. Category ={DBFdist, DBfile } }

@article{Clifford1983, Author ={Clifford,J. and Warren,D.S.},
Title ={Formal Semantics for Time in Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1983, Month =Jun,
Pages ="214--254",
Volume ="8",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at SUNY, Stony Brook (NY) all timeslices are represented. No inference needed. Storage could be huge. Uses term historical db versus temporal db. Intensional Montague logic. Two timestamps: `state' and `exist' Category ={DBDschema.2> } }

@inproceedings{Clifford1985, Author ={Clifford,J. and Tansel,A.U.},
Title ={On an Algebra for Historical Databases: Two Views},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 85, Austin TX.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Pages ="247--265",
Annote ={ Temporal attributes are individually stamped by one or two stamps. Also triplet values and sets in tuples. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@inproceedings{Clifford1987, Author ={Clifford,J. and Croker,A.},
Title ={The Historical Relational Data Model (HRDM) and Algebra Based on Lifespans},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Clifford1988, Author ={Clifford,J. and Crocker,A.},
Title ={Objects in Time},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1988, Month =Dec,
Pages ="11--18",
Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at NYU, Grad.School of Business Administration Temporal management of objects in historical databases. Objects are distinguished by an essence, not by a key. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@article{Clifford1987:1, Author ={Clifford,James},
Title ={Natural Language Querying of Historical Databases: The QE-III Language Definition and Examples},
Journal ={NYU, Dep. Information Systems, TR-CRIS-164, GBAddison-Wesley (Reading MA)P87-90.},
Year =1987, Annote ={ Discusses a 'formal' syntax, semantics, and pragmatics for querying historical databases within the framework of Montague semantics. ---Cha. Category ={unknown> } }

@article{Clift1986, Author ={Clift,B., Haussler,D., McConnell,R., Schneider,T.D., and Stormo,G.D.},
Title ={Sequence Landscapes},
Journal ={Nucleic Acid Research.},
Year =1986, Pages ="141--158",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Storage for fast retrieval of DNA sequences, main memory, compacted suffix DAG for every substring. Category ={MIS> DBFtree> } }

@inproceedings{Clifton1990, Author ={Clifton,C. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Indexing in a Hypertext Database},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@book{Clifton1973, Author ={Clifton,J.A. and Helgeson,D.(eds)},
Title ={Computers in Information Data Centers},
Publisher ={AFIPS Press, 109pp.},
Year =1973, Annote ={Proc.of a seminar at the 1972 FJCC. Category ={DBDquery> %Clifton73 } }

@book{Clifton1981, Author ={Clifton},
Title ={Business Data Systems},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBFintro>} }

@inproceedings{Climenson1966, Author ={Climenson,W.D.},
Title ={File Organization and Search Techniques},
Booktitle ={Annual Review of Information Science and Technology, ASIS 1, Cuadra(ed), John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY) .},
Year =1966, Pages ="107--135",
Annote ={at U.S. Government Category ={DBFseq>} }

@inproceedings{Cline1984, Author ={Cline,C. and Siegel,H.J.},
Title ={A Comparison of Parallel Language Approaches to Data Representation and Data Transferral},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Purdue Un. Category ={DBFstorage-3.2>} }

@book{Clocksin1981, Author ={Clocksin,W.F. and Melish,C.S.},
Title ={Programming in PROLOG},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDkb> DBDlang>} }

@article{Clocksin1985, Author ={Clocksin,W.F.},
Title ={Implementation techniques for PROLOG databases},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Pages ="669--675",
Volume ="15",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at Un.Cambridge informal specification of the clause database manager for PROLOG-X. Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@unpublished{Clouatre1987, Author ={Clouatre,A. and Merrett,T.H.},
Title ={Accessible Set Algorithms for Secondary Storage, Based on Relational Operations},
Note ={rcvd..},
Year =1987, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at McGill Un., transitive closure Category ={DBDlogic, x } }

@techreport{Clouatre1987:1, Author ={Clouatre,Andre},
Title ={Implementation and applications of recursively defined relations},
Institution ={PhD Th., Mcgill Un., Sch.of Computer Science.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at McGill Un. Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@article{Clough1976, Author ={Clough,L, Haseman,W., and So,Y.H.},
Title ={Designing Optimal Data Structures},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1976, Pages ="829--837",
Volume ="45",
Annote ={at CMU Category ={DBDschema.2> DBFeval.4, Shel} }

@inproceedings{Cluet1989, Author ={Cluet,S., Delobel,C., Lecluse,C., and Richard,P.},
Title ={Reloop, an Algebra Based Query Language for and Object-Oriented Database System},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Cluet1992, Author ={Cluet,S. and Delobel,C.},
Title ={A General Framework for the Optimization of Object-Oriented Queries},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@book{Coad1989, Author ={Coad,P. and Yourdon,E.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Analysis},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 256pp.},
Year =1989, Annote ={ five steps identifying objects, identifying structures, identifying subjects, defining attributes and defining services; maps approach into the US Defense Dept's DOD-Std-2167A, Defense System Software Development; bibliography. Category ={DEng> } }

@article{Cobb1984, Author ={Cobb,R.E., Fry,J.P., and Teorey,T.J.},
Title ={The Database Designer's Workbenvch},
Journal ={Inf.Sci..},
Year =1984, Month =Feb,
Pages ="33--45",
Volume ="32",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ logical record access evaluator to decide physical connections. Category ={DBDadmin> } }

@inproceedings{Cochinwala1993, Author ={Cochinwala,M., Lee,K., and Mansfield,W.},
Title ={A Distributed Transaction Monitor},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Bellcore Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Cochrane1989, Author ={Cochrane,R. and Mark,L.},
Title ={Automating Relational Database Support for Objects defined by Context-Free Grammars - the Intension-Extension Framework},
Institution ={SRC TR 89-105.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Un.Maryland Category ={DBDobject, DBfile Mark} }

@book{Cocke1970, Author ={Cocke,J. and Schwartz,J.},
Title ={Programming Languages and Their Compilers},
Publisher ={NYU, Courant Inst., TR., Second Revised Version.},
Year =1970, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDlang, xbook>} }

@article{Cockshot1990, Author ={Cockshot,W.P., Atkinson,M.P., Chisholm,K.J., Bailey,P.J., and Morrison,R.},
Title ={Persistent Object Management System},
Journal ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at Un.Edinburgh (UK) description of the software used to implement a persistent heap, includes an interprogram type checking, data integrity, disk transfer optimization, and name-space management Category ={DBDobject> } }

@manual{CODASYL1969, Author ={CODASYL Systems Committee},
Title ={A Survey of Generalized Data Base Management Systems},
Organization ={ACM NY.},
Year =1969, Month =May,
Annote ={ Language and Design of then current systems, discussed separately. Category ={DBDschema> %CODASYL69 } }

@article{CODASYL1968, Author ={CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Title ={COBOL Extension to Handle Data Bases},
Journal ={ACM SIGPLAN Notices.},
Year =1968, Month Apr,
Pages ="1--45",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={Language Specification for a Schema Category ={DBDschema> } }

@article{CODASYL1969:1, Author ={CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Title ={Report of the CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Journal ={ACM.},
Year =1969, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ Proposal for a generalized schema language and manipulation commands, many IDS-like aspects. Category ={DBDschema, x7book> %DBTG69 } }

@manual{CODASYL1971, Author ={CODASYL Systems Committee},
Title ={Feature Analysis of Generalized Data Base Management Systems},
Organization ={ACM NY.},
Year =1971, Month =May,
Annote ={ Detailed comparative analysis of a number of commercially available data base systems. Covers IBM GIS, GE IDS, IBM IMS, informatics Mark IV, IBM FFS or NIPS, Auerbach and Western Electric SC-1, SDC TDMS, RCA UL/1 Category ={DBDschema> %CODASYL71 } }

@manual{CODASYL1971:1, Author ={CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Title ={Report of the CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Organization ={ACM NY.},
Year =1971, Month Apr,
Annote ={Revised language specs of 69 report. Category ={DBDschema, HF 5548. 5 D3C6, x7 book> %DBTG71 } }

@manual{CODASYL1973, Author ={CODASYL DBTG},
Title ={CODASYL Data Description Language},
Organization ={Jour. of Development, National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). Handbook 113, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash., DC.},
Year =1973, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDschema, xbook> %CODASYL73} }

@manual{CODASYL1974, Author ={CODASYL},
Title ={Data Description Language},
Organization ={U.S. Dep.Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). , Handbook .},
Year =1974, Month =Jan,
Number ="112",
Category ={DBDschema> %CODASYL74} }

@manual{CODASYL1975, Author ={CODASYL Programming Languages Committee},
Title ={COBOL Journal of Development},
Organization ={Technical Services Branch, Dep.Supply and Services (88 Metcalfe St., Ottawa, Can. K1AOS5), and continuing.},
Year =1975, Annote ={ Continuously updated reference on COBOL development prior to standardization. The page-changes for May 75 include COBOL changes for DBTG subschema and data manipulation. Category ={DBDschema, x7book> %CODASYL75 } }

@manual{CODASYL1976, Author ={CODASYL System Committee},
Title ={Selection and Acquisition of Data Base Management Systems},
Organization ={ACM, 276pp.},
Year =1976, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDadmin.1, App.C} }

@manual{CODASYL1978, Author ={CODASYL Data Description Language Committee},
Title ={Journal of Development 1978},
Organization ={Canadian Gov.Publishing Ctr, Supply and Services Canada (Ottawa ON),},
Year =1978, Annote ={ at Secretariat of the Canadian Government EDP Standards Committee A specification of a language to describe the structure and contents of a database. The subschema language specifications and the DML specifications are outside the scope of this Journal. Appendix: 1.Specification of a Data Storage Description Language (DSDL). DSDL is used to define a storage schema for use in conjunction with a schema written in DDL. 2.Database architecture and the mapping of data to storage. 3.This should enable the Data Administrator to modify the storage representation, for example to tune the database, without the need to modify the schema. 4.The DSDL specified in this document is a Low Level DSDL. The Data Administrator must state precisely the description of the storage on the data storage medium, and the mapping of data between schema and storage schema. Category ={DBDschema.5.3> DBDbound.5> } }

@manual{CODASYL1978:1, Author ={CODASYL},
Title ={CODASYL Data Base Task Group Revised Report},
Organization ={Committee on Data System Languages, ACM, New York.},
Year =1978, Category ={DBDschema.3.5>} }

@article{CODASYL1978:2, Author ={CODASYL Systems Committee},
Title ={Distributed Data Base Technology--An Interim Report of the CODASYL Systems Committee},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , AFIPS Press.},
Year =1978, Pages ="909--917",
Volume ="47",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@manual{CODASYL1980, Author ={CODASYL Programming Languages Committee},
Title ={COBOL Journal of Development},
Organization ={Technical Services Branch, Dep.Supply and Services, 88 Metcalfe St., Ottawa, Can. K1AOS5.},
Year =1980, Annote ={ Continuously updated reference on COBOL development prior to standardization. The page-changes for May.1975 include COBOL changes for DBTG subschema and data manipulation. Category ={DBDmodel, x7book> %CODASYL75 } }

@techreport{Codd1969, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Derivability, Redundancy and Consistency of Relations Stored in Large Data Banks},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. RJ599,},
Year =1969, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@article{Codd1970, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks},
Journal = Comm. ACM, Vol.13 No.6, June 1970. Bookchapter = {'Readings in Database Systems', M.Stonebraker, Morgan-Kaufmann, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8905-0329.},
Year =1988, Pages ="5--15",
Annote ={The fundemental paper for relational databases. Shows problems of hierarchical data organization, presents a non-hierarchical `normal' structure, and discusses languages for describing relations of such normal structures. Category ={DBDtheory, xC> %Codd70 } }

@book{Codd1971, Author ={Codd,E.F. and Dean,A.L.(eds)},
Title ={Data Description Access and Control},
Publisher ={ACM.},
Year =1971, Annote ={ACM-SIGFIDET 1971, Codd(ed) Category ={DBFintro> %Codd71 } }

@inproceedings{Codd1972, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Relational Completeness of Data-Base Sublanguages},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res., RJ 987.},
Year =1972, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDtheory> DBDrel.2, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Codd1971:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Further Normalization of the Data Base Relational Model},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res., RJ 909.},
Year =1971, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDrel.2, DBfile} }

@article{Codd1971:2, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Data Base Sublanguage Founded on the Relational Calculus},
Journal ={IBM, Report RJ893},
Year =1971, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ Review of purpose and method of normalization. Describes ALPHA. Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Codd1971:3, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Normalized Data Base Structure: A Brief Tutorial},
Booktitle ={IBM, Report RJ935},
Year =1971, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDschema, xC, DBfile} }

@article{Codd1971:4, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Further Normalization of the Data Base Relational Model},
Journal ={IBM, Report RJ909 .},
Year =1971, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM, Research, San Jose Formal reduction of attribute relations for simplified access and minimal redundancy. Category ={DBDtheory, xC> } }

@article{Codd1972:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Relational Completeness of Data Base Sub-Languages},
Journal ={Data Base Systems, Rustin(ed), Prentice-Hall publishers .},
Year =1972, Pages ="65--98",
Annote ={ Formal evaluation of query languages for relational data bases Category ={DBDintro.1, xC> } }

@inproceedings{Codd1973, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Understanding Relations},
Booktitle ={FDT (Publ. of the ACM SIGFIDET), and later issues..},
Year =1973, Month =Jun,
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDschema>%Codd73} }

@article{Codd1974, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Recent Investigations in Relational Data Base Systems},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf-74, Proc. IFIP Congress, N-H.},
Year =1974, Pages ="1012--1021",
Category ={DBDschema> DBDrel.2> %Codd74} }

@inproceedings{Codd1974:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Seven Steps to Rendezvous with the Casual User},
Booktitle ={Data Base Management, Klimbie(ed), IFIP-TC2 Conf., N-H, 1975, pp.179-- 200.},
Year =1974, Annote ={ A Brief seven-step plan for the development of a natural language interface with a relational datbase system. Goal is to bring casual users into effective communication with formatted data bases. --- Fountain Category ={DBDnat> 9.2 @inproceedings{Codd1974:2, Author ={Codd,E.F. and Date,C.J.},
Title ={Interactive Support for Non-Programmers: The Relational and Network Approaches},
Booktitle ={IBM, Report RJ 1400,},
Year =1974, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDschema, xC, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Codd1975, Author ={Codd,E.F.(ed)},
Title ={Implementation of Relational Data Base Management Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM FDT,},
Year =1975, Month =Sep,
Volume ="7",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Transcript of panel discussion from May.1975 NCC (Anaheim, CA) giving state of the art remarks. Category ={DBDintro.9, xC, DBfile } }

@techreport{Codd1978, Author ={Codd,E.F., Arnold,R.S., Cadiou,J-M., Chang,C.L., and Roussopoulos,N.},
Title ={RENDEZVOUS Version 1: An Experimental English Language Query Formulation System for Casual Users of Relational Data Bases},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. RJ2144, San Jose.},
Year =1978, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDnat, DBfile} }

@incollection{Codd1978:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={How About Recently? (English Dialogue with Relational Databases Using RENDEZVOUS Version 1)},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneidermann(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Pages ="3--28",
Annote ={ English Dialogue with Relational Databases Using RENDEZVOUS Version 1. Category ={DBDquery.3.4> DBDnat> } }

@article{Codd1988:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Extending the Database Relational Model to Capture More Meaning},
Journal ={'Readings in Database Systems', M.Stonebraker, Morgan-Kaufmann, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8905-0330.},
Year =1988, Pages ="457--475",
Annote ={ Semantic models for formatted databases, to capture in a more or less formal way more of the meaning of the data. Two major thrusts: relation and molecular semantics. Extensions to the relational model (RM/T). New rules for insertion, update, and deletion, as well as new algebraic operators (Theta-select, outer join,....). Category ={DBDtheory> DBDschema> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Codd1980, Author ={Codd,Edgar F.},
Title ={Data Models in Database Management},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record, ACM, Brodie(ed).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="112--114",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDmodel.0>} }

@inproceedings{Codd, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={The Capabilities of Relational Database Management Systems},
Booktitle ={IBM Res.Lab (San Jose CA), Res.R. .},
Number ="3132",
Category ={DBDtheory.2> DBDintro.1>} }

@article{Codd1982, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Relational Database: A Practical Foundation for Productivity},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1982, Month =Feb,
Pages ="109--117",
Volume ="25",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ 1981 ACM Turing Award Lecture, delivered at ACM, Los Angeles CA, Nov.9,1981. Category ={DBDintro.1> } }

@incollection{Codd1971:5, Author ={Codd,Edgar F.},
Title ={Further Normalization of the Data Base Relational Model},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. No.RJ909.},
Year =1971, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM, Research, (San Jose CA) Formal reduction of attribute relations for simplified access and minimal redundancy. Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile } }

@article{Codd1986, Author ={Codd,Edgar},
Title ={An Evaluation Scheme for Database Management Systems that are Claimed to be Relational},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Annote ={see also Computerworld articles, Nov.1985. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@article{Codd1987, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={Missing Information (Applicable and Inapplicable) in Relational Databases},
Journal ={Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA), Heidelberg.},
Year =1987, Annote ={at Relational Inst., (President) extension to dealing with the inapplicability of certain properties to some objects. Codd proposes two types of null values, `missing' and `inapplicable', and gives a 3-valued logic interpretation to queries involving them. This article could have been written 10 years ago; perhaps its ideas would have seemed fresh then. ---Marianne. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDschema, home } }

@inproceedings{Codd1987:1, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={More Commentary on Missing Information in Relational Databases (Applicable and Inapplicable Information)},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Pages ="42--50",
Volume ="16",
Number ="1",
Annote ={Referential Integrity, nulls, and other issues. Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@book{Codd1990, Author ={Codd,E.F.},
Title ={The Relational Model for Database Management, version 2},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 448pp.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Cody1976, Author ={Cody,R. and Coffman,E.G.jr.},
Title ={Record Allocation for Minimizing Expected Retrieval Costs on Drum-Like Stroage Devices},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, Jan},
Year =1976, Volume ="23",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFtechn.3, box>} }

@article{CoenPorisini1991, Author ={CoenPorisini,A., Lavazza,L., and Zicari,R.},
Title ={Updating the Schema of an Object-Oriented Database},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Politecnico di Milano Category ={DBDobject> DBDschema> } }

@techreport{Coffin, Author ={Coffin,T.},
Title ={Data Base and Analysis Program for Shuttle Main Engine Dynamic Pressure Measurements},
Institution ={REPT-66338-01, NASA-CR-178808},
Annote ={at Wyle discussion of data acquisition reduction procedures and analysis, program listings are given. Category ={DBappl> } }

@article{Coffman1966, Author ={Coffman,E.G. and Wood,R.C.},
Title ={Interarrival Statistics for Time Sharing Systems},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1966, Month =Jul,
Pages ="500--502",
Volume ="9",
Number ="7",
Category ={DBFtechn.3>} }

@article{Coffman1969, Author ={Coffman,E.G.jr.},
Title ={Analysis of a Drum Input-Output Queue under Scheduled Operation in a Paged Computer System},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1969, Month =Jan,
Pages ="73--90",
Volume ="16",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFtechn.4> at Princeton Un. Category ={DBFtechn.3> } }

@article{Coffman1970, Author ={Coffman,E.G. and Bruno,J.},
Title ={On File Structuring for Non-Uniform Access Frequencies},
Journal ={Tidskrift for Informations Behandeling, Denmark.},
Year =1970, Pages ="443--456",
Volume ="10",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFindex.4> %Coffman70B} }

@article{Coffman1970:1, Author ={Coffman,E.G. and Eve,J.},
Title ={File Structures Using Hashing Functions},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1970, Month =Jul,
Pages ="427--436",
Volume ="13",
Number ="7",
Annote ={ Tree structure with branching based on bit values of key code. Category ={DBFhybrid.5> %Coffman70E } }

@article{Coffman1971, Author ={Coffman,E.G., Elphick,M.J., and Shoshani,A.},
Title ={System Deadlocks},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1971, Month =Jun,
Pages ="67--78",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2>} }

@article{Coffman1972, Author ={Coffman,E.G.jr., Klimko,L.A., and Ryan,B.},
Title ={An Analysis of Seek Times in Disk Systems},
Journal ={SIAM J. on Comp., vol.1 no.3.},
Year =1972, Pages ="269--279",
Annote ={Analysis of FSCAN. Category ={DBFtechn.3>} }

@article{Coffman1981, Author ={Coffman,E.G.Jr., Gelenbe,E., and Plateau,B.},
Title ={Optimization of the Number of Copies in a Distributed Data Base},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-7 .},
Year =1981, Month =Jan,
Pages ="78--84",
Number ="1",
Annote ={Replication of files. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Cohen1985, Author ={Cohen,B. et al.},
Title ={Representativeness and Uncertainty in Classification Systems},
Journal ={AI Magazine, Fal..},
Year =1985, Annote ={Frames. ---Surajit. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Cohen1984, Author ={Cohen,B. and Murphy,G.L.},
Title ={Models of Concepts},
Journal ={Cognitive Science.},
Year =1984, Pages ="27--58",
Volume ="8",
Annote ={at Boston Coll., CSD; Brown Un., Psychology Dep. argues about flaws in fuzzy logic and proposes alternatives. Some of arguments are based on weak linguistic examples. Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Cohen1988, Author ={Cohen,Benjamin C.},
Title ={Views and Objects in OB1: A PROLOG-based View-Object-Oriented Database},
Institution ={SRI, PRRL-88-TR-005, rcvd. .},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Annote ={at SRI, David Sarnoff Res.Ctr (Princeton NJ) The view-object manager combines relational views and objects. The results are placed into a direct object manager. These view-objects remain defined through predicates, dont have identity, and are not directly updatetable, only base relations are to be updated, if possible, through the views. Category ={DBDobject> VOD> @book{Cohen1984:1, Author ={Cohen,B.G.F.(ed)},
Title ={Human Aspects In Office Automation},
Publisher ={Elsevier Series In Office Automation.},
Year =1984, Volume ="1",
Category ={DBappl, HF5547.5.H85} }

@book{Cohen1971, Author ={Cohen, Burton J.},
Title ={Cost-effective Information Systems},
Publisher ={American Management Association, Inc. NY.},
Year =1971, Annote ={ Organization and control of data processing projects. Category ={DBDadmin, x15book> } }

@inproceedings{Cohen1978, Author ={Cohen,D. and Liu,M.T.},
Title ={Event Driven Protection for Enhancing Data Sharing in Data Base Systems},
Booktitle ={Databases, Shneiderman(ed), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1978, Month =Aug,
Pages ="411--431",
Annote ={at Ohio State Un. Category ={DBDprivacy.2.2>} }

@article{Cohen1982, Author ={Cohen,D.},
Title ={Implementation of a Distributed Database Management System to Support Logical Subnetworks},
Journal ={Bell System Technical Journal.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="2459-2474",
Volume ="61",
Number ="9",
Annote ={ The design and implementation were parts of a study to evaluate the database management needs of software-defined logical subnetworks. Primary node concept for multicopy updates. Data unconsistencies are detected and removed by the software. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintro.0> DBDuse-4 } }

@article{Cohen1989, Author ={Cohen,Danny},
Title ={Computerized Commerce},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf 89, Ritter (ed), IFIPS, N-H.},
Year =1989, Pages ="1095--1100",
Annote ={ The FAST system for ordering chips and components. AFIS I3 Category ={DBDappl> DBDdist, DBfile } }

@article{Cohen1989:1, Author ={Cohen,Donald},
Title ={Compiling Complex Database Transition Triggers},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at USC, Marina Del Rey, ISI Active databases. AP5 is an extension to commonlisp which provides database-like abstractions and facilities. Category ={DBFkb> } }

@article{Cohen1989:2, Author ={Cohen,E.I., King,G.M., and Brady,J.T.},
Title ={Storage Hierarchies},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1989, Pages ="62--76",
Volume ="28",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, Data Sys.Div., (Poughkeepsie NY) CPU, processor cache, central storage, expanded storage, DASD cache, DASD. IBM 3880 and 3990 cache control units adopt multiple strategies: LRU. Achieve up to 80pct hit ratios on small-record databases. Partial track staging anticipates sequential references. Category ={DBFhard> } }

@techreport{Cohen1975, Author ={Cohen,Gerald},
Title ={Four Papers on the Use of Databanks for the Chronically Ill},
Institution ={written, Un.North Carolina, rcvd .},
Year =1975, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at NCHSR Category ={DBDintro.8> MCS, DBfile} }

@techreport{Cohen1988:1, Author ={Cohen,H. and Layne,S. (eds)},
Title ={Future Data Management and Access, Workshop to Develop Recommendations for the National Scientific Effort on AIDS Modeling and Epidemiology},
Institution ={sponsored by the White House Domestic Policy Council.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ databases and analysis of AIDS, HIV-infected populations. Recommendations for catalogs, distribution, and secure access. I3 Category ={DBDprivacy> DBDdist> MIS> } }

@article{Cohen1967, Author ={Cohen,J. and Trilling,L.},
Title ={Remarks on Garbage Collection Using a Two Level Store},
Journal ={Tidskrift for Informations Behandeling, Denmark.},
Year =1967, Pages ="22--30",
Volume ="7",
Category ={DBFtechn>} }

@book{Cohen1975:1, Author ={Cohen,L.J., Burr,W.E., Del'Marmol,G.M., Grodman,L.K., and Kerr,E.F.(eds)},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems, a Critical and Comparative Analysis},
Publisher ={QED Information Sciences, Wellesley Hills MA, 420pp.},
Year =1975, Annote ={ Evaluations of IMS-2, TOTAL, ADABAS, and SYSTEM-2000 with glossaries. Category ={DBDbound> %Cohen75 } }

@book{Cohen1982:1, Author ={Cohen,Leo},
Title ={Creating and Planning the Corporate Database System Project},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 323pp; ACM Computing Reviews 8412 0981.},
Year =1982, Annote ={various topics, databases vs. D. Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Cohen1975:2, Author ={Cohen,M.S. and Chang,H.},
Title ={The Frontiers of Magnetic Bubble Technology},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE, Hoagland(ed).},
Year =1975, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1196--1206",
Volume ="63",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Category ={DBFhard.1.4>} }

@inproceedings{Cohen1982:2, Author ={Cohen,N.B., et al},
Title ={Gemini: A Reliable Local Network},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Berkeley Workshop/conference on Distributed Data Management and Computer Networks, LBL 6.},
Year =1982, Month =Feb,
Pages ="1--22",
Category ={DBFtrees.4>} }

@book{Cohen1986, Author ={Cohen,Norman H.},
Title ={Ada as a Second Language},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY).},
Year =1986, Annote ={at Softech Category ={DBDlang>} }

@book{Cohen1982:3, Author ={Cohen,P.R. and Feigenbaum,E. (eds.)},
Title ={The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence},
Publisher ={Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1982, Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Cohen1985:1, Author ={Cohen,Paul R.},
Title ={Heuristic Reasoning About Uncertainty: An Artificial Intelligence Approach},
Publisher ={Research Notes In Artificial Intelligence 2, Pitman .},
Year =1985, Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb, Q375.C64 1985.} }

@inproceedings{Cohen1987, Author ={Cohen,P.R., Shafer,G., and Shenoy,P.P.},
Title ={Modifiable Combining Functions ,},
Booktitle ={Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, Proc.of an Proc. Natl. Conf. of the American Association for Artifical Int Workshop.},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={uncertainty functions. Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Cohen1989:3, Author ={Cohen,S. and Wolfson,O.},
Title ={Why a Single Parallelization Strategy is Not Enough in Knowledge Bases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Technion Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Cohn1989, Author ={Cohn,A. et al.},
Title ={AXON: A computer-based approach to intelligent retrieval of radiographic studies using 'Axes' of clinical relevance},
Booktitle ={MEDINFO.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Yale Parameters are: 1. radiographic findings (eg. diffuse infiltrate or pulminary mass) 2. etiology 3. clinical findings 4. imaging modality Category ={MIS> } }

@techreport{Coker1987, Author ={Coker,H., Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., Rodeck,B., and Zawis,J.},
Title ={The Multi-Model Database System},
Institution ={NPGS, TR-NPS52-87-026.},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at NPGS Category ={DBDnewDBMS, DBfile} }

@article{Colby1989, Author ={Colby,Latha S.},
Title ={A Recursive Algebra and Query Optimization for Nested Relations},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at Indiana Un., DCS Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Cole1982, Author ={Cole,A.J. and Morrison,R.},
Title ={Triplex: A System for Interval Arithmetic},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience.},
Year =1982, Pages ="341-350",
Volume ="12",
Category ={DBFmethods>} }

@article{Collet1991, Author ={Collet,C., Huhns,M., and Shen,W-M.},
Title ={Resource Integrating Using a Large Knowledge Base in Carnot},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Volume ="24",
Number ="12",
Annote ={at MCC federated integrating separately developed information resources permits access and coherent modification; it uses the Cyc knowledge base as a global schema to resolve inconsistencies Cyc is used as the knowledgebase to resolve inconsistencies. and proved a global view of all data resources. E-R models, define objects from resource databases. Articulation axioms are used to translate data among specified contexts. Test databases are AAA, Fodor, and Mass travel information. Applications can also work on local subviews. Null conversions are passed through. mediation I3 Category ={DBDdist> DBDdesign> DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Colliat1979, Author ={Colliat,G. and Bachman,C.},
Title ={Commitment in a Distributed database},
Booktitle ={Data Base Architecture, Bracchi and Nijssen(eds), N-H .},
Year =1979, Pages ="107--121",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.1>} }

@inproceedings{Collins1980, Author ={Collins,D.W. and DeFanti,T.A.},
Title ={An Interactive Graphics System for Causal Network Graph Models},
Booktitle ={Proc. Hawaii Int. Conf. on System Sciences.},
Year =1980, Annote ={at Un.Illinois, Chicago Circle example applied to Weiss' Glaucoma model. Category ={DBDdesign> MCS> DBDkb, DBfile } }

@article{Collmeyer1970, Author ={Collmeyer,A.J.},
Title ={File Organization Techniques},
Journal ={IEEE Computer Group News,},
Year =1970, Month Mar,
Pages ="3--12",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at XDS Category ={DBFseq>} }

@article{Collmeyer1970:1, Author ={Collmeyer,A.J., and Shemer,J.E.},
Title ={Analysis of Retrieval Performance for Selected File Organization Techniques},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1970, Pages ="201--210",
Volume ="37",
Category ={DBFseq> %Collmeyer70} }

@article{Collmeyer1971, Author ={Collmeyer,A.J.},
Title ={Data Management in a Multi-Access Environment},
Journal ={IEEE Computer, IEEE Computer Group,},
Year =1971, Month =Nov,
Pages ="36--46",
Volume ="4",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at XDS Exposition, File sharing Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Collmeyer1972, Author ={Collmeyer,A.J.},
Title ={Implications of Data Independence on Architecture of Database Management Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Dean(ed).},
Year =1972, Pages ="307--321",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@incollection{Colombetti1977, Author ={Colombetti,M., Paolini,P., and Pelagatti,G.},
Title ={Nondeterministic Languages Used for the Definition of Data Models},
Booktitle ={Logic and Databases, Proc.of the symp. on Logic and Databases, Toulouse, France, 16-18. H.Gallaire and J.Minker(eds), Plenum Press, New York, 1978, 237--257.},
Year =1977, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Polit.Milano (Milan, Italy) Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Colton1993, Author ={Colton,M.},
Title ={Open and Distributed Processing with SQL Server},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Sybase Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Comba1975, Author ={Comba,P.G.},
Title ={Needed: Distributed Control},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 1, Kerr(ed), Farmingham MA.},
Year =1975, Month =Sep,
Pages ="364--373",
Annote ={at IBM, Cambridge (MA) States that for very large databases, distribution is the only way to go. Lists the political, technical, organizational, etc. advantages to distributed databases. Category ={DBFdist> DBFstorage-3.4, Comba75 Shel } }

@inproceedings{Comba1975:1, Author ={Comba,Paul G.},
Title ={Needed: Distributed Control},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed).},
Year =1975, Pages ="364--373",
Annote ={at IBM (Cambridge MA) Category ={DBFindex.1> DBDschema.6>%Comba75 } }

@article{Comber1969, Author ={Comber,Edward V.},
Title ={Management of Confidential Information},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1969, Pages ="135--143",
Volume ="35",
Annote ={at System Dynamics, Oakland Lists of elements and points to be considered in evalution. Category ={DBDprivacy.1> } }

@article{Comer1978, Author ={Comer,D.},
Title ={The Difficulty of Optimum Index Selection},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1978, Month =Dec,
Pages ="440--445",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Purdue Un. Theorem: optimum index selection problem OISP is NP-complete for files of degree d ge 2. Category ={DBFindex.4> } }

@article{Comer1979, Author ={Comer,D.},
Title ={The Ubiquitous Btree},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Pages ="121--137",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFhybrid.4> DBFindex.4>} }

@article{Comer1979:1, Author ={Comer,D.},
Title ={Heuristics for Trie Index Minimization},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1979, Month =Sep,
Pages ="383--395",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Of primary concern in making a trie practical is the problem of minimizing storage requirements. One method for reducing the space is attribute testing which is NP-complete. Another alternative is an O-trie, in which the order of attribute testing is contained in the trie itself. O-tries are smaller than other implementations of tries. Category ={DBFimpl.2.3> } }

@article{Comer1981, Author ={Comer,D.},
Title ={Extended K-d Tree Database Organization: A Dynamic Multiattribute file correspond to leaves in the tree. This paper considers a 'greedy' heuristic for constructing low-cost trees.},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="513--537",
Volume ="6",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ A Trie is a distributed-key search tree in which records from a Category ={DBFimpl.2.2> } }

@book{Comer1984, Author ={Comer,Douglas},
Title ={Operating System Design, the XINU approach},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers,},
Year =1984, Annote ={ File systems software, interrupt processing, device drivers. Category ={DBFtrans> } }

@manual{Comptroller1979, Author ={Comptroller General, GAO},
Title ={Data Base Management Systems--Without Careful Planning There Can Be Problems},
Organization ={Report to the Congress FGManagement Science, Journal of TIMSD--79-35, 29,},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ at General Accounting Office (GAO) (Washington DC) Most agencies did not adequately plan before acquiring a base management system; they have spent substantial amounts for automatic data processing resources that they did not need. The costs of acquiring data base management systems are insiiignificant compared with the costs involved in using them. In most instances, organizations do not save dollars by integrating files and implementing a data base management system, primarily because of increased costs associated with a more complex system. Category ={DBDadmin.1, 155MR Reference shelf@manual{Computer, Author ={Computer Corporation of America},
Title ={The CCA model 104 Information Retrieval System},
Organization ={CCA Manual, Cambridge MA.},
Annote ={at CCA Hardware implemented retrieval system Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@article{Computer1990, Author ={Computer Science and Technology Board "},
Title ={Scaling up: a research agenda for software engineering},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 9012-0947.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="33",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ mega relevant; the gap between practice and theory is caused by theory's lack of understanding of practice; recommends more than a dozen actions Category ={DENG> } }

@manual{Computer1983, Author ={Computer Sciences Corp},
Title ={An Evaluation of Data Base Management Systems for Use at the Science and Applications Computing Center},
Organization ={Prepared for Goddard Space Flight Ctr, CSCTM-836154.},
Year =1983, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ For IBM equipment, mainly DB-2, IDMS-R, Inquire, Model 204. Category ={DBDnewDBMS, Home file } }

@article{Conklin1987, Author ={Conklin,Jeff},
Title ={Hypertext: An Introduction and Survey},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Pages ="17--41",
Volume ="20",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at MCC generous list of systems. Good survey and critique. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@book{Connor1985, Author ={Connor,Dennis},
Title ={Information System Specification And Design Road Map},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 236pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8605-??.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ six approaches are compared: Information Engineering, Structured Analysis and Design, Structured Requirements Definition, Jackson System Development, Higher Order Software, and Systems Prototyping. is a document library, no finished system is given. Category ={DBDone> DBDdesign, T58.6.C668 } }

@article{Connors1966, Author ={Connors,T.C.},
Title ={ADAM --- A generalized Data Management System},
Journal ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1966, Pages ="193--203",
Volume ="28",
Category ={DBFtrees.4> %Connors66} }

@inproceedings{Connors1985, Author ={Connors,Tim},
Title ={Equivalence of Views by Query Capacity},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at USC Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Connors1991, Author ={Connors,T., Hasan,W., et al.},
Title ={The Papyrus Integrated Data Server},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDhard>} }

@inproceedings{Considine1969, Author ={Considine,J.P. and Weiss,A.H.},
Title ={Establishment and Maintenance of a Storage Hierarchy for an On-Line Data- Base under TSS/360},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1969, Pages ="433--440",
Volume ="35",
Annote ={ Migration of data according to access frequencies Category ={DBFeval> } }

@article{Considine1977, Author ={Considine,J.P. and Myers,J.J.},
Title ={MARC: MVS Archival Storage and Recovery Program},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1977, Pages ="378--397",
Volume ="16",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDadmin.2.2>} }

@manual{Consultative1987, Author ={Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems},
Title ={Standard Formatted Data Units - Structure and Construction Rules},
Organization ={NASA, Red Book, Issue 2.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Convent1986, Author ={Convent,Bernhard},
Title ={Unsolvable Problems Related to the View Integration Approach},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBFindex.3> at Un.Dortmund (FRG) Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@article{Converse1986, Author ={Converse,P.E. and traugott,M.W.},
Title ={Assessinpg the Accuracy of Polls and Surveys},
Journal ={Science, 28.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1094--1098",
Volume ="234",
Number ="7780",
Annote ={ evaluation of questionaires and responses in politics. Category ={MIS-DE> } }

@article{Conway1972, Author ={Conway,R.W., Maxwell,W.L., and Morgan,H.L.},
Title ={On the Implementation of Security Measures in Information Systems},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1972, Month Apr,
Pages ="211--220",
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBFuse-4>} }

@inproceedings{Cook, Author ={Cook,S.A.},
Title ={The Complexity of Theorem-Proving Procedure},
Booktitle ={Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing 3, NY.},
Pages ="151--158",
Category ={DBFmethods.6>} }

@inproceedings{Cook1975, Author ={Cook,T.J.},
Title ={A Data Base Management System Design Philosophy},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 75, King(ed),},
Year =1975, Month =May,
Pages ="15--22",
Annote ={at Un.Utah Design background for system which is to provide independence of data structure and data values and support multiple user views of the data. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@inproceedings{CooperOB1982, Author ={CooperOB,Eric C.},
Title ={Analysis of Distributed Commit Protocols},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 82, Orlando FL.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="175--193",
Annote ={at UCB Category ={DBDdist> DBDtrans-3.2> DBDintegrity.2> DBDconc> } }

@article{Coonen1980, Author ={Coonen,Jerome T.},
Title ={An Implementation Guide to a Proposed Standard for Floating Point Arithmetic},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1980, Month =Jan,
Pages ="68--79",
Volume ="13",
Number ="1",
Annote ={representation for real numbers. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@techreport{Cooper1986, Author ={Cooper,G.F.},
Title ={A diagnostic method that uses causal knowledge and linear programming in the application of Bayes' formula},
Institution ={Stanford Un., CSD, Memo KSL-86-9.},
Year =1986, Month =Jan,
Category ={MCS>} }

@techreport{Cooper1991, Author ={Cooper,G. and Herskovits,E.},
Title ={A Bayesian Method for the Induction of Probabilistic Networks from Data},
Institution ={Stanford KSL 91-02.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Category ={Uncertain} }

@book{Cooper1981, Author ={Cooper,Robert B.},
Title ={Introduction to Queueing Theory},
Publisher ={Elsevier N-H, Inc., New York , 347pp.},
Year =1981, Annote ={at Florida Atlantic Un. (Boca Raton FL) Second edition Category ={DBFmethods.4.1> } }

@article{Cooper1984, Author ={Cooper,R.B. and Solomon,M.K.},
Title ={The Average Time Until Bucket Overflow},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Pages ="392--408",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFmethods.4.1>} }

@article{Cooper1976, Author ={Cooper,W.S.},
Title ={Fact Retrieval and Deductive Question Answering Systems},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM.},
Year =1976, Month Apr,
Pages ="117--137",
Volume ="11",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Observation on requirements for deductive inference systems, specification of a language, a translator, and sample results. Category ={DBDquery.1> } }

@inproceedings{Cooper1984:1, Author ={Cooper,W.S.},
Title ={Bridging the Gap between AI and IR},
Booktitle ={Research and Development in Information Retrieval, in BCS-WS, vanRijsbergen(ed), Cambridge Un.Press, ; ACM-CR 8511-1062.},
Year =1984, Pages ="259--265",
Annote ={at UCB Category ={DBDkb> DBDquery.2>} }

@inproceedings{Copeland1973, Author ={Copeland,G.P., Lipovski,G.J., and Su,S.Y.W.},
Title ={The Architecture of CASSM: A Cellular System for Non-Numeric Processing},
Booktitle ={ACM CA-NNP 1, Gainesville FL.},
Year =1973, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Copeland1974, Author ={Copeland,P.G. and Su,S.Y.W.},
Title ={A High Level Data Sublanguage for a Context-Addressed Segment-Sequential Memory},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 74, Rustin(ed)..},
Year =1974, Pages ="265--271",
Annote ={ Description of SLICK, retrieval, and manipulation of relations, both not- normalized and normalized. Category ={DBFstorage-3.2> DBFmach> DBDrel, 10 } }

@article{Copeland1982, Author ={Copeland,G.},
Title ={What If Mass Storage Were Free},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul,
Pages ="27--35",
Volume ="15",
Number ="7",
Annote ={ at Tektronix., Beaverton OR, later Servio Logic Corp This paper investigates how database systems would be designed and used under the limiting-case assumption that mass storage is free. Free mass storage will free database systems from the limitations and problems caused by conventional deletion techniques. A non-deletion strategy is described that would significantly simplify database systems and their operation, as well as increase their functionality and availability. This limiting case helps shed light on a more realistic argument: if the cost of mass storage were low enough, then deletion would become undesirable. Category ={DBFhard.1> } }

@inproceedings{Copeland1984, Author ={Copeland,D. and Maier,D.},
Title ={Making SMALLTALK a Database system},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data .},
Year =1984, Pages ="316--325",
Annote ={ Original concepts leading to GEMSTONE, obsolete per Maier 1987. Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Copeland1986, Author ={Copeland,G., Khoshafian,S., Smith,M., and Valduriez,P.},
Title ={Buffering Schemes for Permanent Data},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFhard.3>} }

@inproceedings{Copeland1990, Author ={Copeland,G. and Khoshafian,S.},
Title ={Object Identity},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Copeland1989, Author ={Copeland,G. and Keller,T.},
Title ={A Comparison of High-Availability Media Recovery Techniques},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={at MCC Category ={DBFreliab>} }

@inproceedings{Copeland1989:1, Author ={Copeland,G., Keller,T., Krishnamurthy,R., and Smith,M.},
Title ={The Case for Safe RAM},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at MCC (Austin TX) Recovery and concurrency control; battery packed-up DRAM memories can be configured today to be almost as reliable as disk. Safe RAM is cost-effective today and will become increasingly so as more caching is used. Category ={DBDobject> DBDarchitecture> DBFhard> } }

@inproceedings{Cordon1985, Author ={Cordon,R. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={The Performance of a Concurrency Control Algorithm That Exploits Semantic Knowledge},
Booktitle ={Proc. Intern.Conference on Distributed Computing Systems (IEEE) 5.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Annote ={ local locks permit compatible operations to be run in parallel, global locks check the total schedule. Simulations. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.2> DBDkb, DBfile Garcia } }

@inproceedings{Gore1988, Author ={Gore,N., Edmiston,E., Saltz,J., and Smith,R.},
Title ={Parallel Processing of Biological Sequence Comparison Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE .},
Year =1988, Annote ={ two string matching algorithms on two multiprocessors, Intel hypercube and the Connection Machine Category ={GENE> } }

@inproceedings{Corella1984, Author ={Corella,Francisco, Kaplan,S.J., Wiederhold,G., and Yesil,L.},
Title ={Cooperative Responses to Boolean Queries},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={ at Symantec; Tecknowledge; Stanford Un.; and Stanford Consulting Group Cooperative querying applied to RLIN Library System. Category ={DBDquery.3.4> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Corella1984:1, Author ={Corella,Francisco},
Title ={Semantic Retrieval and Levels of Abstraction},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={ at Fairchild Lab for Artificial Intelligence Research Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Corey1985, Author ={Corey,S. and Rajinikanth,M.},
Title ={Explorer Relational Table Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc. ACM Advanced Sys. Track Section TI-Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersX Intern. Computer Symp., (New York NY).},
Year =1985, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Cormack1984, Author ={Cormack,G.V. and Horspool,R.N.},
Title ={Algorithms for Adaptive Huffman Codes},
Journal ={Information Processing Letters, North-Holland. .},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Volume ="18",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@article{Cormack1985, Author ={Cormack,Gordon V.},
Title ={Data Compression on a Database System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Pages ="1336--1342",
Volume ="28",
Number ="12",
Annote ={ first partition into IMS based types, then Huffman. Gives factor two space, adds 17pct time. Category ={DBFrepresent.3> } }

@article{Cormack1987, Author ={Cormack,G.V. and Horspool,R.N.},
Title ={Data Compression Using Dynamic Markov Modelling},
Journal ={Computer J..},
Year =1987, Month =Dec,
Pages ="541--550",
Volume ="30",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@inproceedings{Cornelio1989, Author ={Cornelio,A. and Navathe,S.},
Title ={Database Support for Engineering CAD and Simulation},
Booktitle ={IEEE 2nd Conf. on Data and Knowledge Ssytems for Manufacturing.},
Year =1989, Month =Oct,
Annote ={ The existing design database and part catalog database serve as suggestion systems. A structure-function CAD modeling paradigm is used to represent designs, to perform simulations, and to let designs evolve over time. Category ={EIS, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Cornelio1990, Author ={Cornelio,A. and Navathe,S.},
Title ={Extension of object-oriented concepts for engineering design and simulation},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Category ={EIS> DBDobject, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Cornelio1993, Author ={Cornelio,A. and Navathe,S.},
Title ={Using Active Database Techniques for Real-Time Engineering Applications},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Bellcore; Georgia Institute of Technology Category ={DBDactive> } }

@inproceedings{Cornell1987, Author ={Cornell,D.W., Dias,D.M., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Analysis of Multi-System Function Request Shipping},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFdist, DBfile Yu} }

@article{Cornell1986, Author ={Cornell,D.W., Dias,D.M., and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={On Multisystem Coupling Through Function Request Shipping},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-12 .},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Number ="10",
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Category ={DBFtrans> DBFdist, DBfile Yu} }

@inproceedings{Cornell1987:1, Author ={Cornell,D.W. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={A Vertical Partitioning Algorithm for Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Cornell1988, Author ={Cornell,D.W. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={Site Assignment for Relations and Join Operations in the Distributed Transaction Processing Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFdist> DEBtrans>} }

@article{Cornell1989, Author ={Cornell,D.W. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={On Optimal Site Assignment for Relations in the Distributed Database Environment},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE). , ; ACM Computing Reviews 9008-0701.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Pages ="1004--1009",
Volume ="15",
Number ="8",
Annote ={at Farleigh Dickinson Un., DCS, (Teaneck NJ) Decomposes queries into relation steps and assignments on either a linear integer programming or a heuristic technique. A heuristic approach must be used to minimize response time; the results would be of little use given the current architectures of distributed database systems. ---Osborn. Category ={DBDdist> } }

@inproceedings{Cornell1989:1, Author ={Cornell,D.W. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={Integration of Buffer Management and Query Optimization in Relational Database Environment},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 15, Amsterdam.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at IBM, Yorktown Heights, NY Category ={DBFhard>} }

@article{Cornell1990, Author ={Cornell,D.W. and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={An effective approach to vertical partitioning for physical design of relational databases},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), No 2, ; ACM Computing Reviews 9012-0980.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Volume ="16",
Annote ={ partitioning on the physical design level must caputre the effect of the query optimizer; optimal binary partitioning, recursively applied; the most significant performance improvement when the inner relation in an inner-outer loop join, once partitioned, fits into the main storage buffer Category ={DBDrel> } }

@inproceedings{Cornhill1984, Author ={Cornhill,D.},
Title ={Partitioning Ada Programs for Execution in Distributed Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Honeywell Corp. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@incollection{Corre1989, Author ={Corre,J-L. and Hegron,G.},
Title ={Unified Data Structures for Mixed 3D Scene Management},
Booktitle ={'Visual Database Systems', T.L.Kunii(ed), Proc. IFIP TC-2.6, Tokyo , N-H 1989.},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="319--337",
Annote ={at IRISA, France Operations for relative movement of objects. Category ={DBDimage> } }

@unpublished{Corson1982, Author ={Corson,Yves},
Title ={Aspects Psychologiques Lies A L'interrogation D'une Base De Donnees},
Note ={Inria, Rapports de Recherche.},
Year =1982, Month Apr,
Number ="126",
Annote ={at INRIA Psychological aspects of database retrieval are reviewed and two issues discussed: the artificial query languages and the influence of both data structure and representation on retrieval. experimental methods used in psychology allow the measurement of the 'ease of use' Category ={DBDquery, DBfile } }

@article{Cosmadakis1984, Author ={Cosmadakis,S.S},
Title ={The Complexity of Evaluating Relational Queries},
Journal ={Inf.Control, ?, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8502-0132.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Pages ="101--112",
Volume ="58",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDmodel.1>} }

@article{Cosmadakis1984:1, Author ={Cosmadakis,S.S and Kanellakis,P.C.},
Title ={Functional and Inclusion Dependencies: A graph-theoretic Approach},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Pages ="29--37",
Annote ={Ownership. Category ={DBDmodel.3.4>} }

@article{Cosmadakis1984:2, Author ={Cosmadakis,S.S and Papadimitriou,C.H.},
Title ={Updates of Relational Views},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8506-532.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="742--760",
Volume ="31",
Number ="4",
Annote ={based on constant complement criterium. Category ={DBDmodel.3> } }

@article{Cosmadakis1985, Author ={Cosmadakis,S.S., Kanellakis,P.C., and Spyratos,N.},
Title ={Partition Semantics for Relations},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 4.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at MIT, Un.Paris Sud Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@unpublished{Cosmadakis1986, Author ={Cosmadakis,S.},
Title ={Deductive systems for database theory},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1986, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC This is the paper on sYryPS. This is the paper on sYryPS. Category ={DBDkb, Ullman at IBM, Yorktown Uses cylindrical algebra, algebraic equivalent to first-order logic. ---jdu Category ={DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Cosmadakis1989, Author ={Cosmadakis,Stavros S.},
Title ={On the First-Order Expressibility of Recursive Queries},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , Philadelphia.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center show that, for some classes of Datalog programs, expressibility in first-order query languages coincides with boundedness, but is often undecidable Category ={DBDlogic> DBDops> } }

@article{Cosmadakis1990, Author ={Cosmadakis,S., Kanellakis,P., and Vardi,M.},
Title ={Polynomial-Time Implication Problems for Unary Inclusion Dependencies},
Journal ={Journal of the ACM, Vol. 37 .},
Year =1990, Month =Jan,
Number ="1",
Annote ={at IBM, Yorktown subset dependency and constraints interacts with FDs Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Cosserat1972, Author ={Cosserat,D.C.},
Title ={A Capability Oriented Multiprocessor System for real-time applications},
Booktitle ={Computer Communication, Impact and Implications (Proc.of the First Intl. Conf. on Comp.Comm., (Washington DC), Winkler(ed), ACM, NY,},
Year =1972, Month =Oct,
Pages ="282--289",
Annote ={at Plessey Co. Ltd (UK) A description of the Plessey 250 computer. Category ={DBDprivacy.5, xB12.5> } }

@book{Cote1984, Author ={Cote, Protti, and Scherrer(eds)},
Title ={Role Of Informatics In Health Data Coding And Classification Systems},
Publisher ={IFIP-IMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersA.},
Year =1984, Category ={DBFrepresent> MCS, RB115.I37} }

@article{Coulouris1972, Author ={Coulouris,G.F., Evans,J.M., and Mitchell,R.W.},
Title ={Toward Content-addressing in Data Bases},
Journal ={Computer J.,},
Year =1972, Month =May,
Pages ="95--98",
Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Hardware proposal for associative searching of keys. Category ={DBFstorage-3.2>%Coulouris72 } }

@article{Counte1987, Author ={Counte,M.A., Kjerulff,K.H., Salloway,J.C., and Campbell,B.C.},
Title ={Apdapting to the Implementation of a Medical Information System: A Comparison of Short- versus Long-Term Findings},
Journal ={Journal of Medical Systems, Plenum Pub.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Pages ="11--20",
Volume ="11",
Number ="1",
Category ={MIS>} }

@incollection{Courtney1981, Author ={Courtney,J.F.},
Title ={Evaluating Information Requirements in MIS Design},
Booktitle ={Management Information Systems, Riley(ed).},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@inproceedings{Courtney1985, Author ={Courtney,J.F. and Paradice,D.},
Title ={On Integrating Causal Modeling, Knowledge Representation, and Data Management to Support Managerial Problem Diagnosis},
Booktitle ={ORSA-TInternational Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems National Conf..},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ at Inf.Sys.and Quant.Sciences; Texas Tech.Un., Coll.of Business Admin. Category ={DBDkb> DBappl, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Courtney1986, Author ={Courtney,J.F.Jr., Ata,N.H., and Paradice,D.B.},
Title ={A Knowledge-Based DSS for Managerial Problem Recognition and Diagnosis},
Note ={.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Texas Tech Un., Coll.of Business Admin. Category ={DBDkb> DBappl, DBfile } }

@article{Courtois1971, Author ={Courtois,P.J., Heymans,F., and Parnas,L.},
Title ={Concurrent Control with Readers and Writers},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1971, Month =Oct,
Pages ="667--668",
Volume ="14",
Number ="10",
Annote ={at MBLE Reasearch Lab (Brussels, Belgium) Algorithms for scheduler design for multi accessed database Category ={DBDintegrity.2> } }

@techreport{Couvert1989, Author ={Couvert,A., Maddi,A., and Pedrono,R.},
Title ={Partage d'Objets dans les Systemes Distribues Principes des Ramasse-Miettes},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-963, Programme 1.},
Year =1989, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ at IRISA, Campus Universitaire de Beaulieu, (Rennes, France) Distributed object management. Category ={DBFdist> DBDobject> } }

@book{Covvey1985, Author ={Covvey,H.D., Craven,N.H., and McAlister,N.H.(eds)},
Title ={Concepts and Issues in Health Care Computing, Volume 1},
Publisher ={Mosby.},
Year =1985, Category ={MCS>} }

@book{Cox1987, Author ={Cox,B.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Programming, An evolutionary Approach},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDlang> DBDobject>} }

@article{Cox1980, Author ={Cox, Lawrence H.},
Title ={Suppression Methodology and Statistical Disclosure Control},
Journal ={J. of the Amer. Statistical Assoc., (350).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="377--385",
Volume ="75",
Category ={DBDprivacy.2> DBDprivacy-10>} }

@article{Craft1983, Author ={Craft,D.H.},
Title ={Resource Management in a Decentralized System},
Journal ={ACM SOSOP-0, Bretton Woods NH.},
Year =1983, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Craig1967, Author ={Craig,J.A., Berezner,S.C., Carney,H.C., and Longyear,C.R.},
Title ={DEACON, Direct English Access and Control},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1967, Month =Nov,
Pages ="715--721",
Volume ="10",
Number ="11",
Annote ={at General Electric Query answering system. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@article{Craig1967:1, Author ={Craig,J.A., Berezner,S.C. Carney,H.C., and Longyear,C.R.},
Title ={DEACON, Direct English Access and Control},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1967, Month =Nov,
Pages ="715--721",
Volume ="10",
Number ="11",
Annote ={at General Electric Query answering system. Category ={DBDnat> } }

@article{Crane1989, Author ={Crane,B.A., Dalby,J.C., Garg,K., Poepping,M.H., and Ward,C.E.W.,},
Title ={International OSPS Database Services},
Journal ={ATT Technical J., Nov.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Volume ="68",
Number ="6",
Annote ={at ATT phonecall booking Category ={DBDappl>} }

@article{Crawford1989, Author ={Crawford,S.L.},
Title ={Extensions to the CART Algorithm},
Journal ={International Journal of Man-Machine Studies. 31: 197-217.},
Year =1989, Annote ={cart algorithm Category ={DBFmethods>} }

@inproceedings{Creasy1989, Author ={Creasy, Peter},
Title ={ENIAM: A More Complete Conceptual Schema Language},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) Amsterdam. .},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Univ. Queensland Fact encoding construct and validation rules; use existantial graphs to extend NIAM; permits the subtype, derivation rules and constraints. Category ={DBDschema> } }

@incollection{Crehange1984, Author ={Crehange,M., AitHaddou,A., Boukaiou,M., David,J.M., Foucaut,O., and Maroldt,J.},
Title ={EXPRIM, an Expert System to Aid in Progressive Retrieval from a Pictorial and Descriptive Analysis},
Booktitle ={`New Applications of Databases' Gardarin and Gelenbe(eds), Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1984, Annote ={plans only, but well thought out. Category ={DBDkb> Image> } }

@inproceedings{Crews1987, Author ={Crews,P.},
Title ={tbt EXPERT: A Case Study in Integrating Expert System Technology with Computer Assisted Instruction},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Crick1969, Author ={Crick,M.F.C. and Symonds,A.J.},
Title ={A Software Associative Memory for Complex Data Structures},
Institution ={Proc. ACM-SIAM-IEEE Conf. on Mathematical and Computer Aids to Design, 1969},
Year =1969, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at IBM, Cambridge Scientific Ctr Primary memory oriented, formal queries, basis for RSS, System R. Category ={DBFhybrid.7.5> EIS, DBfile } }

@techreport{Crick1970, Author ={Crick,M.F.C., Lorie,R.A., Mosher,E.J., and Symonds,A.J.},
Title ={A Data Base System for Interactive Applications},
Institution ={IBM, Cambridge Scientific Ctr, Report G320-2058.},
Year =1970, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at IBM, Cambridge Scientific Ctr Proposal for PL/1 based database system, RSS. Category ={DBFhybrid.7.5> DBDrel, x9> } }

@article{Croft1984, Author ={Croft,W.B.},
Title ={Task Management for an Intelligent Interface},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDnewDBMS>} }

@unpublished{Croft1985, Author ={Croft,W.B. and Thompson,R.H.},
Title ={An Intelligent Interface for Large Textual Databases},
Note ={rcvd .},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Croft1987, Author ={Croft,W.B. and Stemple,D.W.},
Title ={Supporting Office Document Architectures with Constrained Types},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Massachusetts, DCS Category ={DBDoffice>} }

@article{Croft1987:1, Author ={Croft,W.B. and Thompson,R.H.},
Title ={I3R: A New Approach to the Design of Document Retrieval Systems},
Journal ={JASIS, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8807-0538.},
Year =1987, Month =Nov,
Pages ="389--404",
Volume ="38",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ Blackboard architecture. Several experts cooperate. Domain knowledge forms a thesaurus-like network of concepts. A prototype being implememted. ---Sauvain Category ={DBDkb> DBDbib, DBfile } }

@article{Croft1988, Author ={Croft,W.B. and Savino,P.},
Title ={Implementing Ranking Strategies Using Text Signatures},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Office Automation Systems, ; ACM CR 8905-0333.},
Year =1988, Month =Jan,
Pages ="42--62",
Volume ="6",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Massachusetts, (Amherst MA) Storage and efficiency trade-offs. Indexing the term-based file would give significantly better performance at the cost of increased storage. ---Grimson Category ={DBFhybrid> } }

@inproceedings{Croft1988:1, Author ={Croft,W.B. and Krovetz,R.},
Title ={Interactive Retrieval of Office Documents},
Booktitle ={ACM Conf.on Office Information Systems.(>1988?).},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="228--235",
Annote ={Trivial. Category ={DBDquery> DBDbiblio>} }

@article{Croft1990, Author ={Croft,W.B.},
Title ={Towards Intelligent Information Retrieval: an Overview of IR Research at U.Mass},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin .},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="13",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDbiblio>} }

@inproceedings{Croker1986, Author ={Croker,A. and Maier,D.},
Title ={A Dynamic Tree-Locking Protocol},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Cromarty1984, Author ={Cromarty,A.S., Adams,T.L., Wilson,G.A., Cunningham,J.F., Tolander,C.J., and Grinberg.M.R.},
Title ={Distributed Database Considerations in an Expert System for Radar Analysis},
Booktitle ={rcvd.},
Year =1984, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at AIDS (Mountain View CA) ASTA infers design of a RADAR system from observed signals. It uses MRS to store rules and result hypotheses, or theories as 'database' tuples. A distinct 'database' is used for interface information, maintained synchronously. An expert module to access external databases is discussed. Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Cromarty1986, Author ={Cromarty,A.S.},
Title ={Control of Processes by Communication over Ports as a Paradigm for Distributed Knowledge-Based System Design},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1,},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDnewDBMS>} }

@inproceedings{Crosby1985, Author ={Crosby,P.A., Malachowski,G.C., Hall,B.R., Stevens,V., Gunn,B.J., Hudson,S., and Schlosser,D.},
Title ={The Workstation Approach to Laboratory Computing},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 9.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="25--29",
Annote ={at Nucleus Ltd., Australia Category ={MIS>} }

@article{Crowe1975, Author ={Crowe,Tom and Jones,J.H.},
Title ={Fundamental Nature of Errors in Data Capture; and the Use of a Data Dictionary},
Journal ={Management Datamatics,},
Year =1975, Pages ="69--73",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFuse-4, xSIGMODbox>} }

@article{Crus1984, Author ={Crus,R.A.},
Title ={Data recovery in IBM Database 2},
Journal ={IBM Sys.J.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Pages ="179-188",
Volume ="23",
Number ="2",
Annote ={DB2 Category ={DBDtrans-3>} }

@inproceedings{Cruz1987, Author ={Cruz,I., Mendelzon,A.O., and Wood,P.T.},
Title ={A Graphical Query Language Supporting Recursion},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Toronto Category ={DBDlang>} }

@inproceedings{Cruz1989, Author ={Cruz,I.F. and Norvell,T.S.},
Title ={Aggregative Closure: An Extension of Transitive Closure},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{Cruz1992, Author ={Cruz,Isabel},
Title ={Doodle: A Visual Language for Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDlang> DBDobject>} }

@book{Cuadra1966, Author ={Cuadra,C.R. and Lake,R?(ed) (Vols.8,9,10 are with Lake, 1973-1975)},
Title ={ARIST: Annual Review of Information Science and Technology},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY) --1970, --4, Encyclopedia Brittanica 1971--1973, Vol.5--7. (Vols.7-11 published by ASIS itself)},
Year =1966, Volume ="1",
Annote ={at American Documentation Inst., later ASIS Compendium of various articles oriented towards library and other information systems, see also individual references. Later years see Williams(ed). Category ={DBFintro> DBDquery> %Cuadra66--73 } }

@manual{Cuadra1987, Author ={Cuadra Associates},
Title ={Directory of Online Databases, Vol.8 No.3},
Organization ={Cuadra Elsevier, New York NY .},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at (Santa Monica CA) updated quarterly Category ={DBFrepresent.2> app.A> } }

@manual{Cuadra1987:1, Author ={Cuadra Associates},
Title ={Online Databases in the Medical and Life Sciences},
Organization ={Cuadra Elsevier, New York NY, 170pp; ACM Computing Reviews 8805-0320.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Subset of 'Directory of Databases'. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@manual{Cuadra1987:2, Author ={Cuadra Associates},
Title ={Online Databases in the Securities and Financial Markets},
Organization ={Elsevier Sci. Publ., (New York NY), 322pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8811-0836.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Directory of 1300 databases. Category ={DBFrepresent>} }

@book{Cuadra1981, Author ={Cuadra,C.R.},
Title ={Catalog of On-line Databases},
Publisher ={Cuadra Associates.},
Year =1981, Category ={App.C, x office} }

@inproceedings{Cubitt1986, Author ={Cubitt,R., Cooper,B., and Oszoyoglu,G.(eds)},
Title ={Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Statistical and Scientific Database Management},
Booktitle ={Luxembourg, 22--24.},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDstat, proc stat} }

@inproceedings{Cuff1984, Author ={Cuff,R.N.},
Title ={HERCULES: Database Query Using Natural Language Fragments},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the British National Conference on Databases 3, ; ACM CR 8603-0250.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at IBM, UK Lab. Category ={DBDquery>} }

@techreport{Culik, Author ={Culik,K.,II, Ottmann,Th., and Wood,D.},
Title ={Dense Multiway Trees},
Institution ={Bericht 77 from the Inst.Angewandte Informatik and Formale Beschreibungsverfahren of the Universitaet Karlsruhe (FRG)},
Annote ={ at Un.Waterloo (Canada), Un.Karlsruhe (FRG); McMaster Un.(Canada) Compare their storage utilization with that of Btrees of order m. Weakly dense muliway trees have an O(log2N0 insertion. Category ={DBFindex.4> DBFtrees.4> DBDintegrity> } }

@techreport{Cullen1971, Author ={Cullen,J.C., Neal,D.J., and Prince,M.A.},
Title ={A Survey of Data Base Programming Systems},
Institution ={British Petroleum Computer Dep., Systems Dev. Div. report , Sept},
Year =1971, Number ="305",
Category ={DBDintro.9>} }

@techreport{Cullingford1984, Author ={Cullingford,R., Harman,G.H., and Miller,G.A.},
Title ={Using a Massive Memory Machine for Research in Cognitive Science},
Institution ={Princeton Un., Dep.EECS, TR.328,},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBFhard.1.5, DBfile-GarciaMolina} }

@article{Cuozzo1973, Author ={Cuozzo,D.E. and Kurt,J.F.},
Title ={Building a Base for Data Base, A Management Perspective},
Journal ={Datamation,},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Pages ="71--75",
Annote ={at Booz, Allen, Hamilton Cost problems in data base implementation Category ={DBFuse-3> } }

@inproceedings{Cuppens1988, Author ={Cuppens,F. and Demolombe,R.},
Title ={A Prolog-relational DBMS Interface Using Delayed Evaluation},
Booktitle ={Intl.Conf.on Data and Knowledge Bases, Jerusalem.3.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at ONERA-CERT (France) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Curewitz1971, Author ={Curewitz,K. et al},
Title ={Data Language --- Data computer project},
Journal ={Working paper .},
Year =1971, Month =Oct,
Number ="3",
Annote ={at CCA A data manipulation language for a large data base processor Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Curewitz1993, Author ={Curewitz,K., Krishnan,P., and Vitter,J.},
Title ={Practical Prefectching via Data Compression},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={unknown>} }

@article{Curtice1973, Author ={Curtice,R.M.},
Title ={Data Base Design Using IMS/360},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS VOl.43, AFIPS Press, Arlington VA.},
Year =1973, Pages ="473--480",
Annote ={at Corporate Tech. Planning (Waltham MA) Simple examples of IBM IMS file structures. Category ={DBDbound.5>%Curtice72 } }

@article{Curtice1973:1, Author ={Curtice,R.M.},
Title ={Data Base Design Using a CODASYL System},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS , AFIPS Press, Arlington VA.},
Year =1973, Pages ="473--480",
Volume ="43",
Category ={DBDbound> DBDdesign>} }

@techreport{Curtice1977, Author ={Curtice,Robert M.},
Title ={Planning for Data Base Systems},
Institution ={ADL, The Data Base Monograph Series: 10, ?, 60pp.},
Year =1977, Annote ={ Basic techniques for storing and accessing data, including navigational access methods. Category ={DBFseq> DBFintro.5> } }

@techreport{Curtice, Author ={Curtice,R.M.(ed)},
Title ={The Data Base Monograph Series: 10 Reports},
Institution ={ADL,},
Annote ={ Purpose and content of data base planning and gives specific examples. Purpose and content of data base planning and gives specific examples. also `Access Mechanisms and Data Structure Support in DBMS' 60pp. Basic techniques for storing and accessing data, including navigational access methods. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDintro.5> } }

@inproceedings{Curtice1981, Author ={Curtice,R.M.},
Title ={Data Dictionaries: An Assessment of Current Practice and Problems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="564--570",
Annote ={at ADL (Cambridge MA) Assessment of the current usage reveals a large gulf between practice and promise. Problem is the lack of a unifying methodology which ties a data dictionary into the systems life cycle. Category ={DBDschema.1> } }

@book{Curtice1981:1, Author ={Curtice,R.M.},
Title ={Data Base Systems, A Practical Reference},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@book{Curtice1981:2, Author ={Curtice,R.M. and Jones,P.E.},
Title ={Logical Data Base Design},
Publisher ={, 312pp.},
Year =1981, Category ={DBDdesign> DBDbound.5>} }

@inproceedings{Curtice1984, Author ={Curtice,R.M.},
Title ={IRMA: An Automated Logical Database Design and Structured Analysis Tool},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="40--45",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Annote ={Schema and transaction design. PROLOG is used. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist> DBDrel.2> } }

@inproceedings{Curtis1987, Author ={Curtis,R.},
Title ={Informix-Turbo: A High Performance UNIX DBMS},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Informix Software. Category ={DBDrel>} }

@techreport{Cuthill1987, Author ={Cuthill, Ian},
Title ={The Statistics Canada Business Register},
Institution ={Statistics Canada, TR..},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Statistics Canada (Canada) temporal facilities --- applications Category ={DBDnewDBMS> } }

@inproceedings{Cutts1985, Author ={Cutts,J.H. and Mitchell,J.A.},
Title ={Microcomputer-Based Genetics Office Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Annual Symp. on Computer Applications in Medical Care (Washington DC), IEEE 9.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Pages ="487--491",
Annote ={at Information Science Group, Un.Missouri Category ={MIS> } }

@inproceedings{Czarnik1975, Author ={Czarnik,B., Schuster,S., and Tsichritzis,D.},
Title ={ZETA: A Relational Data Base Management System},
Booktitle ={Proc.ACM Pacific Regional Conf..},
Year =1975, Month Apr,
Pages ="21--15",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@techreport{Czarnik1974, Author ={Czarnik,B.},
Title ={A Primitive Relational Data Base Management System},
Institution ={Management Science, Journal of TIMS Thesis, DCS, Un.Toronto (Canada).},
Year =1974, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@inproceedings{Czarnik1975:1, Author ={Czarnik,B., Schuster,S., and Tsichritzis,D.},
Title ={ZETA: A Relational Data Base Management System},
Booktitle ={ACM Pacific-75 Conf., SF .},
Year =1975, Month Apr,
Pages ="21--25",
Annote ={at Un.Toronto Category ={DBDrel>%Czarnik75} }

@inproceedings{Czejdo1987, Author ={Czejdo,B., Rusinkiewicz,M., and Embley,D.W.},
Title ={An Approach to Schema Integration and Query Formulation in Federated Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Un.Houston, Res. Rep..},
Year =1987, Annote ={Fauve Category ={DBDmodel> DBDdist>} }

@article{Czejdo1990, Author ={Czejdo,B., Elmasri,R., Rusinkiewicz,M., and Embley,D.},
Title ={A Graphical Data Manipulation Language for an Extended Entity- Relationship Model},
Journal ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="23",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Houston Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{Czejdo1991, Author ={Czejdo,B. and Taylor,M.},
Title ={Integration of Database Systems Using an Object-Oriented Approach},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} } % ------- D ------biblio----1949-1991------

@techreport{DaCunha1986, Author ={DaCunha,Amauri M.},
Title ={Utilisation de la Connaissance Semantique dans le Controle de Concurrence des Systemes Repartis},
Institution ={PhD Th., Un.Paris VI, rcvd .},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Paris VI, France Using semantic knowledge for concurrency control in distributed systems. Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDkb> } }

@article{Dadam1980, Author ={Dadam,P. and Schlageter,G.},
Title ={Recovery in Distributed Databases Based on Non-Synchronized Local},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf 80, Proc.IFIPS , N-H 1980.},
Year =1980, Pages ="457--461",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDtrans-4>} }

@inproceedings{Dadam1984, Author ={Dadam,P., Lum,V., and Werner,D.},
Title ={Integration of Time Versions into a Relational Database System},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 10, Singapore.},
Year =1984, Month =Aug,
Pages ="509--522",
Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Dadam1987, Author ={Dadam,P. and Kuspert,K.},
Title ={Cooperative Object Buffer Management in the Advanced Information Management Prototype (AIM-P)},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBFhard>} }

@article{Dadam1988, Author ={Dadam,Peter},
Title ={Advanced Information Management (AIM): Research in Extended Nested Relations},
Journal ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin, (Special issue on Nested Relations).},
Year =1988, Month =Sep,
Pages ="4--14",
Volume ="11",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ at IBM Heidelberg Scientific Ctr., Heidelberg FRG Category ={DBDmodel> } }

@article{Dadam1989, Author ={Dadam,P. and Linnemann,V.},
Title ={Advanced Information Management: Advanced Databases technology for integrated applications},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1989, Volume ="28",
Number ="4",
Category ={unknown>} }

@techreport{Dagum1991, Author ={Dagum,P. and Chavez,R.},
Title ={Approximating Probabilistic Inference in Bayesian Belief Networks},
Institution ={Stanford KSL 91-46.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Category ={Uncertain>} }

@book7{DahlDH1972, Author ={Dahl,O-J., Dijkstra,E.W., and Hoare,C.A.R.},
Title ={Structured Programming},
Publisher ={Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1972, Category ={DBFintro> %Dahl72} }

@article{Dahl1982, Author ={Dahl,V.},
Title ={On Database Systems Development through Logic},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Pages ="102--123",
Volume ="7",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Buenos Aires Un., Argentina The use of logic as a single tool for relational databases with deductive capabilities and very high-level querying and defining features. Inadequacies are discussed, and overcome by extensions into logic programming. An experimental database query system with a natural language front end, implemented in PROLOG, is presented. Category ={DBDquery.2.3> DBDquery.3.4, DBfile } }

@incollection{Dahl1984, Author ={Dahl,Veronica},
Title ={Logic Programming for Constructive Expert Systems},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="1",
Annote ={at Simon Fraser Un. Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Daida1990, Author ={Daida,J., Samadani,R., and Vesecky,J.},
Title ={Object-Oriented Feature-Tracking Algorithms for SAR Images of the Marginal Ice Zone},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on GeoScience and Remote Sensing.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Volume ="28",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ unsupervised method uses object abstraction to follow sequential image pairs Category ={IMAGE } }

@inproceedings{Dalal1989, Author ={Dalal,M. and Gangopadhyay,D.},
Title ={OOLP: A Translation Approach to Object-Oriented Logic Programming},
Booktitle ={Int. Conf. on Deductive and Object-Oriented Databases 89, Kyoto.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Dale1977, Author ={Dale,A.G. and Dale,N.B.},
Title ={Main Schema --- internal schema interfaction in hierarchical data bases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 77, Smith(ed) (Toronto, Canada).},
Year =1977, Month =Aug,
Annote ={Mapping in hierarchies. Category ={DBDbound.4>} }

@inproceedings{Dale1977:1, Author ={Dale,A.G. and Yrkanan,C.V.},
Title ={A processing interface for multiple external schema access to a data base management system},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 3, Merten(ed), Tokyo.},
Year =1977, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDbound.5>} }

@inproceedings{Daley1965, Author ={Daley,R.C., and Neuman,P.G.},
Title ={A General Purpose File System for Secondary Storage},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1965, Pages ="213--229",
Volume ="27",
Annote ={at MIT, Project MAC, Multics Description of a major file oriented operating system Category ={DBFhybrid.8> DBFhard-3> %Daley65 } }

@inproceedings{Daly1977, Author ={Daly,E.B.},
Title ={Management of Software Development},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), May .},
Year =1977, Annote ={--- Kung Category ={DEng>} }

@article{Dambro1988, Author ={Dambro,M.R. and Weiss,B.D.},
Title ={Assessing the Quality of Data Entry in a Computerized Medical Records System},
Journal ={Journal of Medical Systems, Plenum Pub.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Pages ="181--187",
Volume ="12",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Harris Methodist Health System, Fort Worth TX Feedback from clerks to physicians helped greatly. Category ={DBDintegrity } }

@article{Damerau1985, Author ={Damerau,Fred J},
Title ={Problems and Some Solutions in Customization of Natural Language Database Front Ends},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Office Automation Systems.},
Year =1985, Month Apr,
Pages ="165--184",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDnat, xissue} }

@inproceedings{Dan1988, Author ={Dan,A., Towsley,D.F. and Kohler,W.H.,},
Title ={Modeling the Effects of Data and Resource Contention on the Performance of Optimistic Concurrency Control Protocols},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Dan1990, Author ={Dan,A., Dias,D.M., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Database Buffer Model for the Data Sharing Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 6.},
Year =1990, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Massachusetts; IBM Watson Research Center Category ={DBFhard> } }

@inproceedings{Dan1990:1, Author ={Dan,A., Dias,D., and Yu,P.},
Title ={The Effect of Skewed Data Access on Buffer Hits and Data Contention in a Data Sharing Environment},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 16, Brisbane.},
Year =1990, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDhard>} }

@inproceedings{Dan1992, Author ={Dan,A. and Yu,P.},
Title ={Performance Analysis of Coherency Control Problems through Lock Retention},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 92, San Diego.},
Year =1992, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDperf> DBDconc>} }

@inproceedings{Dan1993, Author ={Dan,A., Yu.P., and Chung,J-Y.},
Title ={Database Access Characterization for Buffer Hit Prediction},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at IBM T.J. Watson Research Center} }

@article{Dana1972, Author ={Dana,C. and Presser,L.},
Title ={An Information Structure for Data Base and Device Independent Report Generation},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS ..},
Year =1972, Pages ="1111--1116",
Volume ="41",
Annote ={at UCSB (CA) Description of report generation from a data base. Category ={DBDquery> } }

@inproceedings{Dandamudi1991, Author ={Dandamudi,S. },
Title ={Locking Granularity in Multiprocessor Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Daniell1983, Author ={Daniell,T.P., Harding,R.C.jr., and Nauckhoff,S.H.},
Title ={Dynamic Replication, an Overview},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1983, Volume ="52",
Annote ={ ADTs, inheritance, and virtual relations; type algebra with 'up' and 'down' to change abstraction levels Category ={DBDobject, DBfile at IBM, Marketing Support System Ctr (Palo Alto CA) Dynamic Replication is a new technique for managing data in a distributed processing environment. It is a simple yet powerful scheme that addresses the major problems of distributing databases. Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.2, DBfile Nauckhoff } }

@techreport{Daniels1982, Author ={Daniels,D.},
Title ={Query Compilation in a Distributed Database System},
Institution ={PhD Th., IBM Res.R. RJ3423(406890).},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose; MIT early binding in R*, estimates of distributed processing cost Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.2.3> } }

@inproceedings{Daniels1982:1, Author ={Daniels,D. et al},
Title ={An Introduction to Distributed Query Compilation in R-*},
Booktitle ={IBM, Res.R. RJ3497 (41354) .},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Annote ={R* Category ={DBDdist> DBDrel.2, DBfile under Lindsay R* } }

@techreport{Dannenberg1982, Author ={Dannenberg,Roger B.},
Title ={Resource Sharing in a Network of Personal Computers},
Institution ={PhD Th., CMU, TR-CS-82-152.},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Annote ={at CMU, DCS Category ={DBDdist, thesis file} }

@techreport{Daniels1983, Author ={Daniels,D. and Spector,A.Z.},
Title ={An Algorithm for Replicated Directories},
Institution ={CMU, TR.CMU-CS-83-123.},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Category ={DBDdist> DBFreliab, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Daniels1987, Author ={Daniels,D., Balakrishna,I., Robinson,J., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Design and Analysis of Integrated Concurrency-Coherence and Controls ,},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={Daniel or Daniels? Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Daniels1986, Author ={Daniels,D.S., Spector,A.Z., and Thompson,D.S.},
Title ={Distributed Logging for Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={CMU, TR-CS-86-106.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at CMU, DCS Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab> DBFtrans>} }

@article{Daniels1991, Author ={Daniels,S. et al.},
Title ={Query Optimization in Revelation, an Overview},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month =Jun,
Volume ="14",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDquery> DBDobject>} }

@article{Dannenberg, Author ={Dannenberg,A.L, Shapiro,A.R., and Fries,J.F.},
Title ={Enhancement of Clinical Predictive Ability bu Computer Consulation},
Journal ={Methods of Information in Medicine, 79.},
Month =Jan,
Pages ="10--14",
Volume ="18",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ use of a database to match a new case with a set of similare, earlier cases for prediction of outcome under alternate treatments Category ={DBDquery.3> MCS> } }

@inproceedings{Dao1991, Author ={Dao,S. et al.},
Title ={Smart Data Dictionary: A Knowledge Object-Oriented Approach for Interoperability of Heterogeneous Information Management Systems},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Dar1991, Author ={Dar,Shaul },
Title ={Optimization of Generalized Transitive Closure Queries},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 7.},
Year =1991, Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Dar1992, Author ={Dar,S. and Jagadish,H.},
Title ={A Spanning Tree Transitive Closure Algorithm},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs Category ={DBFtrees>} }

@inproceedings{Das1975, Author ={Das,K.Sundar, Teorey,T.J., and Yao,S.B.},
Title ={Reorganization Points for File Designs with Nonlinear Processing Costs},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA)-1, Kerr(ed), (abstract).},
Year =1975, Pages ="516--518",
Annote ={at Un.Michigan and Purdue Un. Category ={DBFseq.0> DBFhybrid.7> } }

@article{Dasgupta1990, Author ={Dasgupta,P. and Kedem,Z.},
Title ={The Five Color Concurrency Control Protocol: Non-two-phase locking in General Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR 9104-0297.},
Year =1990, Month =Jun,
Pages ="281--307",
Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Georgia Inst.Techn. allow varieties of serializable logs not possible with known locking schemes; the protocol anticipates the existence of possible conflicts and hence can allow non-two-phase locking. Category ={DBDconc> } }

@inproceedings{Dasgupta1991, Author ={Dasgupta,R. and Bhattacharya,S.},
Title ={An Efficient Data Organization for Parallel Algorithmic Design of Cartographic Database},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDimage>} }

@article{Dash1984, Author ={Dash,J.R.},
Title ={IBM Database 2 in an Information Management System Environment},
Journal ={IBM Sys.J.},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Pages ="165--178",
Volume ="23",
Number ="2",
Annote ={DB2 and IMS Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@book{Dasse1972, Author ={Dasse,M.},
Title ={Analyse et Informatique, I e II (French)},
Publisher ={Masson et Cie, Paris .},
Year =1972, Annote ={ Detailed guidance to the establishment of a business MIS Category ={DBFintro> DBDadmin> } }

@manual{Database1975, Author ={Database Administration Working Group},
Title ={B.C.S./CODASYL DDIC},
Organization ={Rep. British Computer Society, London UK.},
Year =1975, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDbound.5>} }

@manual{Data1979, Author ={Data Base Group},
Title ={DB1 Concepts and Facilities},
Organization ={Weizman Inst, TR..},
Year =1979, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Weizman Inst (Rehovot, Israel) Application generator coupled to a database. Hierachical, on IBM 370, Transaction oriented. Category ={DBFintro> DBFintro-3> DBDtrans> App.B, DBfile with Raban,E. } }

@article{Database1989, Author ={Database Group at ISS},
Title ={Database group at ISS},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Pages ="44-49",
Volume ="18",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Singapore projects include: data model for object oriented databases; MDBMS - an object oriented multimedia database management system with a write once optical disk; database support for hypermedia systems; VILD - visual language interface to multimedia databases; semantic query optimization in OODB. Category ={unknown> } }

@manual{Data, Author ={Data Base Journal},
Title ={Data Base Journal},
Organization ={Software World Journal.},
Annote ={ Quarterly issues of the Software World Journal, beginning with Vol.6 No.2, 1975. Category ={DBDschema>%DAT75 } }

@inproceedings{Date1971, Author ={Date,C.J. and Hopewell,P.},
Title ={File Definition and Logical Data Independence},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed)..},
Year =1971, Pages ="117--138",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Date1971:1, Author ={Date,C.J. and Hopewell,P.},
Title ={Storage Structure and Physical Data Independence},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed)..},
Year =1971, Pages ="139--168",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@techreport{Date1972, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={An Introduction to the Apr.1971 Report of the CODASYL Data Base Task Group},
Institution ={IBM, UK Lab, TR.TR.12.104,},
Year =1972, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at IBM, UK Critical description with examples, relates to Engles and Codd Category ={DBDschema, x8 book> } }

@inproceedings{Date1974, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Relational Data Base Systems: A Tutorial},
Booktitle ={COINS-IV, Tou(ed), Plenum .},
Year =1974, Pages ="37--54",
Category ={DBDschema>%Date74C} }

@inproceedings{Date1974:1, Author ={Date,C.J. and Codd,E.F.},
Title ={The Relational and Network Approaches: Comparison of the Application Programming Interface},
Booktitle ={IBM, Report RJ 1401,},
Year =1974, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDbound.5, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Date1976, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={An Architecture for High-Level Language Database Extensions},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 76, Rothnie(ed).},
Year =1976, Pages ="101--122",
Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDschema.5>} }

@inproceedings{Date1980, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={An Introduction to the Unified Database Language (UDL)},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 6, Lochovsky and Taylor(eds).},
Year =1980, Month =Oct,
Pages ="15--29",
Annote ={ UDL consists of a set of database extensions for programming languages such as COBOL and PL/I. Support each of the three well-known database structures. Both record-at-a-time and set-at-a-time operations are available. Category ={DBDintro.1> } }

@book{Date1990, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={An Introduction to Database Systems: Vol.I},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), (5th. ed.) 854pp; ACM CR 9102-0045.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ A good text-reference book dealing with the fundamental concepts of database systems. ---Fountain physical database aspects have been strengthened considerably, DB2, IDMS, DATACOM/DB, and INGRES, inclusion of design aspects and practical implementation considerations such as recovery, concurrency, security, distributed systems, and optimization round out the text in excellent fashion ---Honkanen. three appendices cover inverted list system: DATACOMB/DB It features DB2,SQL, data manipulation, INGRES, relational algebra and calculus, normalization, and semantic modeling; emphasis on insight. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDintro> } }

@inproceedings{Date1981, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Referential Integrity},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="2--12",
Annote ={at IBM, General Products Division, San Jose The problem of referential integrity is discussed and a proposal for dealing with it in a relational framework is described. Defines statements and handling for reference connection. Category ={DBDtheory.2> DBDtheory.7> DBDintro.1> } }

@book{Date1982, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={An Introduction to Data Base Systems, volume II},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 383 pp; ACM CR 8604-0295.},
Year =1982, Annote ={ a companion volume --- Security, distribution and Codd's RM/T model Category ={DBFsec-2> DBDdesign> DBDdist> } }

@book{Date1984, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A Guide to DB2},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1984, Annote ={ a guide to IBM's DB2 relational database system for MVS, and its companion products QMF and DXT. An earlier internal publication was ' A Practical Guide to Database Design ', Dec.1982 . Category ={DBDrel.2> } }

@techreport{Date1983, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={The Outer Join},
Institution ={IOCOD-2, John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY)-Heyden.},
Year =1983, Pages ="76--106",
Category ={DBDops>} }

@book{Date1983:1, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Database: A Primer},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDintro> DBDrel.2>} }

@inproceedings{Date1984:1, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Some Principles of Good Language Design},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data record.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1--7",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDquery.0> DBDintro.1>} }

@inproceedings{Date1984:2, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A Critique of the SQL Database Language},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Pages ="8--54",
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ problems with orthogonality (row vs. column, INSERT vs. DELETE), inconsistency (PL/1 vs. SQL use of words, arithmetic; no ON condition, also Null, range variables; use of UNION, DISTINCT ), omissions (key concept, domains, natural join, outer join, intersect, difference), embedding, independence (GET * as records change). Category ={DBDquery.0> DBDintro.1> DBDdist> } }

@book{Date1984:3, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A Guide to the SQL Standard},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 205pp.},
Year =1984, Annote ={ It is a reference and provides condensed treatment of SQL and X/OPEN SQL dialect ---Artz. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@book{Date1986, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Relational Database: Selected Writings},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 497pp.; ACM CR 8705-0351.},
Year =1986, Annote ={ collection of 19 papers that Date has written since 1974 arguing in favor of primary keys and foreign keys. Performance aspects, exploding some 26 myths problems in adding a relational interface to IMS. Each chapter also has comments: on republication, relational philosophy, view updates, recursive queries. Keller's is much more complete. --- Sciore. Category ={DBDintro> } }

@book{Date1986:1, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A Guide to INGRES},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 385pp.; ACM CR 8712-0974.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at The Relational Inst. Tutorial approach. --- Walter. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@book{Date1987, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A Guide to the SQL Standard: a User's Guide to the Standard Relational Language SQL},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 205pp.; ACM CR 8805-0319.},
Year =1987, Annote ={ SQL ANSI standard, extension of this standard. Appendix 'A Critique of the SQL Database Language'. Views illustrated using Pl/1 programs. ---G.Voldman. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@book{Date1988, Author ={Date,C.J. and White,C.J.},
Title ={A Guide to DB2, 2nd edition},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 501pp; ACM CR 8908-0532.},
Year =1988, Annote ={Updated to release 3 level. Greatly improved. ---Artz. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@article{Date1988:1, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={Defining Data types in a Database Language},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data RECORD.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Pages ="53--76",
Volume ="17",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ A proposal for adding date and time support to SQL. temporal representation uses intervals. Category ={DBDops> } }

@inproceedings{Date1988:2, Author ={Date,C.J. and White,C.J.},
Title ={Dates and Times in IBM SQL: Some Technical Inconsistencies},
Booktitle ={InfoDB, Spr..},
Year =1988, Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Annote ={Criticism. Category ={DBDops>} }

@book{Date1989, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A guide to the SQL standard; 2nd ed.},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 228pp; ACM CR 9004-0272.},
Year =1989, Category ={DBDrel>} }

@article{Date1989:1, Author ={Date,C.J.},
Title ={A note on the relational calculus},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Pages ="12--16",
Volume ="18",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ problem is Codd's mapping of calculus to algebra creates emply relation when union involves empty relations. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@book{Date1990:1, Author ={Date,C.J. and Warden,A.},
Title ={Relational Database Writings 1985-1989},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 528pp; ACM CR 9102-0047.},
Year =1990, Annote ={ admits that domains and objects are probably the same, defining a date, data type, why not duplicate rows, nulls and three-valued logic, EXISTS is not 'Exists', 12 criteria for a distributed database system, a note on one-to-one relationships, technical subtleties of the relational model and some weaknesses in SQL, presented in an allegorical style Category ={DBDrel> } }

@article{Date1992, Author ={Date,C.J. and Fagin,R.},
Title ={Simple Conditions for Guaranteeting Higher Normal Forms in Relational Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1992, Month =Sep,
Volume ="17",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDrel>} }

@techreport{dAtri1982, Author ={dAtri,A. and Sacca,D.},
Title ={A Graph Theoretical Approach to Data Base Mapping},
Institution ={Italian Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. (Rome, Italy) project.},
Year =1982, Annote ={at CNR, IASI (Roma); CRAI (Rende) The problem of lossless join decomposition and reclustering in the context of mutirelational logical schema is studies (JFD-graphs) are proposed to solve this problem. Category ={DBDtheory.2, DBfile } }

@techreport{dAtri1982:1, Author ={dAtri,A. and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Acyclic Hypergraphs: Their Recognition and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Generation},
Institution ={IASI, TR.29.},
Year =1982, Annote ={at U.Aquila, Inst.Electrotecnica; CNR, IASI Category ={DBFmethods.6> } }

@inproceedings{dAtri1983, Author ={dAtri,A., Moscarini,M., and Spyratos,N.},
Title ={Answering Queries in Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1983, Pages ="173--177",
Annote ={ An umambiguous context is one in which a query receives the same answer independently of the subontext. Contexts provide a suitable basis for discussing the universal relation and related concepts. Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery.2> } }

@inproceedings{dAtri1987, Author ={dAtri,A., DiFelice,P., and Moscarini,M.},
Title ={Dynamic Query Interpretation in Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.La Sapienza (Roma); Un.dell'Aquila; CNR Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@article{Dattola1980, Author ={Dattola,R.T.},
Title ={FIRT, Flexible Information Retrieval System for Text},
Journal ={Auerbach Annual , N-H 1981.},
Year =1980, Category ={DBDquery.2>} }

@inproceedings{Dausmann1987, Author ={Dausmann,Manfred},
Title ={Version Control and Separate Compilation in Ada},
Booktitle ={'Ada-Components: Libraries and Tools', Proc. Ada-Europe Intl.Conf., Stockholm Sweden, S.Tafvelin(ed), Cambridge Un.Press, 1987, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8901-0025},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="157--170",
Annote ={at II-Biomatic Inform.Inst., (Freiburg FRG) DADAISM program versions. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Davcev1992, Author ={Davcev,D., Cakmakov,D., and Arnautovski,V.},
Title ={A Query Based Mechanism for Multimedia Information Retrieval},
Booktitle ={ WORKSHOP ON MULTIMEDIA INFORMATION SYSTEManagement Science, Journal of TIMS, Tempe, Arizona, 1992.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un.Kiril and Metodij Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Davenport1978, Author ={Davenport,R.A.},
Title ={Distributed Database Technology--A Survey},
Booktitle ={Comput. Networks.},
Year =1978, Month =Jul,
Pages ="155--167",
Volume ="2",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDrel.2>} }

@article{Davenport1980, Author ={Davenport,R.A.},
Title ={Data Analysis for Data Base Design},
Journal ={Auerbach Annual , N-H 1981.},
Year =1980, Category ={DBDschema.0>} }

@article{David1974, Author ={David,Heather M.},
Title ={Computers, Privacy and Security},
Journal ={Computer Decisions,},
Year =1974, Month =May,
Pages ="40--48",
Annote ={Review of NBS Conf., Mar.1974 Category ={DBDprivacy, xB1> } }

@article{David1990, Author ={David,Michael},
Title ={The outer join and online environments},
Journal ={Database Programming and Design.},
Year =1990, Month =Dec,
Volume ="3",
Number ="12",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Davida1978, Author ={Davida,G.I., Linton,D.J., Szelag,C.R., and Wells,D.L.},
Title ={Database Security},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Short Notes, Vol.SE-4 .},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Pages ="531--533",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ at Un.Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Univac Corp, Minneapolis and BellLabs, Holmdel Category ={DBDprivacy.3> DBFrepresent-5> } }

@article{Davida1981, Author ={Davida,G.I., Wells,D.L., and Kam,J.B.},
Title ={A Database Encryption System with Subkeys},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , ; ACM CR Oct.1981, pp.457--558.},
Year =1981, Month =Jun,
Pages ="312--328",
Volume ="6",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ Subkeys allow the encryption and decryption of fields within a record. The system is based on the Chinese Remainder Theorem. Category ={DBFrepresent-5> DBFrepresent-4> } }

@article{Davida1981:1, Author ={Davida,G.I},
Title ={The Case Against Restraints on Non-Governmental Research in Cryptography},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1981, Month =Jul,
Pages ="445--450",
Volume ="24",
Number ="7",
Category ={DBFrepresent-5>} }

@article{Davidson1980, Author ={Davidson,J. and Kaplan,S.J.},
Title ={Parsing in the Absence of a Complete Lexicon},
Journal ={American Journal of Computational Linguistics meeting 18 (Philadelphia PA).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="105--106",
Annote ={ Natural language queries are understood by reference to the database itself. Category ={DBDnat> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{Davidson1982, Author ={Davidson,Jim},
Title ={Natural Language Access to Databases: User Modeling and Focus},
Institution ={Proc.CSCSISCEIO Conf. (Saskatoon SK, Canada) .},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Pages ="204--211",
Annote ={at Stanford Un. Category ={DBDquery.2.3> DBDnat>} }

@article{Davidson1983, Author ={Davidson,J. and Kaplan,S.J.},
Title ={Natural Language Access to Databases: Interpretations of Update Requests},
Journal ={AJCL.},
Year =1983, Month =Jul,
Category ={DBDquery.2> DBDkb> DBDnat>} }

@techreport{Davidson1987, Author ={Davidson,Jim},
Title ={Interpreting Natural Language Database Updates},
Institution ={PhD Th., Stanford, CS, Report.},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDquery.2> DBDkb> DBDnat>} }

@inproceedings{Davidson1984, Author ={Davidson,Jim},
Title ={A Natural Language Interface for Performing Database Updates},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDnat> DBDkb>} }

@article{Davidson1962, Author ={Davidson,Leon},
Title ={Retrieval of Mis-spelled Names in an Airline Passenger Record System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1962, Month Mar,
Pages ="169--171",
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFrepresent.2>} }

@inproceedings{Davidson1981, Author ={Davidson,S. and GarciaMolina,H.},
Title ={Protocols for Partitioned Distributed Database Systems},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 1, Bhargava(ed), Pittsburgh PA.},
Year =1981, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Princeton Un. Category ={DBDdist>} }

@techreport{Davidson1982:1, Author ={Davidson,Susan},
Title ={An Optimistic Protocol for Partitioned Distributed Database Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., Princeton Un., EECS.},
Year =1982, Annote ={at Princeton Un. A graph model to detect conflicts between read and write operations of transactions executed in different partitions. ---Peter Apers Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDdist> DBDintegrity> DBFreliab, Dis.file } }

@article{DavidsonGS1984, Author ={Davidson,S., GarciaMolina,H., and Skeen,D.},
Title ={Consistency in a Partitioned Network, A Survey},
Journal ={Princeton Un., TR.EECS 320.},
Year =1984, Annote ={at Un.Penn; Princeton Un.; Cornell Un. Category ={DBFrepresent> DBDdist> DBDintegrity, DBfile Garcia } }

@article{Davidson1984, Author ={Davidson,Susan B.},
Title ={Optimism and Consistency in Partitioned Distributed Database Systems},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Pages ="456--481",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Penn Transactions are processed without restrictions during failure; commitment is delayed; conflicts are detected at repair time and resolved by backing out. A backout strategy attempts to minimize total backout cost. Counter example to uniform is last hypothesis of Christodoulakis. ---Gio. Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Davidson1988, Author ={Davidson,S.B. and Watters,A.},
Title ={Partial Computation in Real-Time Database Systems},
Note ={Un.Penn,},
Year =1988, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDops, DBfile} }

@techreport{Davidson1988:1, Author ={Davidson,S.B., Lee,I. and Wolfe,V.},
Title ={Protocols for Timed Atomic Commitment},
Institution ={U.Penn, Management Science, Journal of TIMS-Conference on Information Systems, sponsored by SMIS, TInternational Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems, ACM SIGBDP-88-80, GRASP LAB 156.},
Year =1988, Month =Oct,
Annote ={Real-time Category ={DBDconc, DBfile} }

@article{Davies1980, Author ={Davies,A.C.},
Title ={The Analogy between Electrical Networks and Flowcharts},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-6 .},
Year =1980, Month =Jul,
Number ="4",
Annote ={ at Dep.Electrical and Electronic Eng., The City Un. (London UK) Category ={DBFintro-3> } }

@article{Davies1972, Author ={Davies,C.T.},
Title ={Recovery Semantics for a DB/DC System},
Journal ={Proc. Annual ACM National Conf.},
Year =1972, Pages ="136--141",
Volume ="28",
Annote ={ Discussion and organization of the problems of recovery after multi- programmed system failure. A fundamental model for integrity maintenance. Category ={DBFuse-4.5, DBfile } }

@incollection{Davies1981, Author ={Davies,D.W. and Watson,R.W.},
Title ={Hierarchy},
Booktitle ={Lampson et al(eds) `Distributed systems-Architecture and Implementation', Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Computer Science.},
Year =1981, Pages ="94-139",
Volume ="105",
Annote ={mainly in networks Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Davis1977, Author ={Davis,C.G. and Vick,C.R.},
Title ={The Software Development System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-3 .},
Year =1977, Pages ="70--84",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDadmin.1> DBDdesign>} }

@book{Davis1983, Author ={Davis,C.G., Jajodia,S., Ng,P.A-B., and Yeh,R.T.(eds)},
Title ={Entity-Relationship Approach to Software Engineering},
Publisher ={N-H, 867pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8407-0529 and 8606-0492.},
Year =1983, Annote ={ER 3, Anaheim CA, Oct.5-7 1983. 50 papers. 'Fact-based data analysis and design' by W.Kent uses facts as a more basic primitive than entities. Criticizes conventional methodologies, proposing both a methodology and a list of desiderata. Doing the design will be easier than describing, teaching, or learning it. Papers by Mark ('What is the binary relationship approach?') and Mark and Roussopoulos ('Integration of data, schema and meta-schema in the context of self-documenting data models'). Papers on the LIDAS project by Marti ('Integrating database and program descriptions using an ER-data dictionary') and Ursprung and Zehnder ('HIQUEL: an interactive query language to define and use hierarchies'). Veloso and Furtado ('View Constructs for the specification and design of external schemas') on user view specification and implementation using ADTs. By Blackwell, Jajodia and Ng ('A view of database managmeent systems as abstract data types') on considering DBMSs in general as ADTs. Lindgreen writes in 'Entity sets and their description': Natural language specifications of systems of any realistic size...nearly always are both ambiguous and incomplete. Knight on ER models: 'A mathematical basis for entity analysis'. Bhargava and Lilien: 'Cost analysis of selected database restoration techniques' on database recovery techniques, a paper about the most complex and least abstract level (physical) is perfectly well written. ---Kilov. Category ={DBDdesign.7.5> } }

@article{Davis1965, Author ={Davis,D.R. and Lin,A.D.},
Title ={Secondary Key Retrieval Using an IBM 7090-1301 System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1965, Month Apr,
Pages ="243--246",
Volume ="8",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose Evaluation of a multiply indexed access method for a limited number of attribute values. Category ={DBFindex.4> } }

@techreport{Davis1984, Author ={Davis,David R.},
Title ={DASD Usage by MVS Customers in 1984, Guide Survey Results},
Institution ={IBM, San Jose, TR 03-261.},
Year =1984, Month =Nov,
Annote ={ Use of Disks in IBM systems using VSAM, ISAM and DAM statistics. Retrieval is 99 pct versus 1 pct update. Category ={DBFmethods, DBfile } }

@book{Davis1974, Author ={Davis,G.B.},
Title ={Management Information Systems, Conceptual Foundations, Structure, and Development},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 481pp.},
Year =1974, Annote ={at Un.Minnesota The use and value of information systems for management. Category ={DBDintro.8> DBFeval> DBDadmin, xbook> %Davis74 } }

@article{Davis1981, Author ={Davis,G.B.},
Title ={Strategies for Information Requirements Determination},
Journal ={IBM Syst.J..},
Year =1981, Volume ="21",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFsyseval.1>} }

@inproceedings{Davis1988, Author ={Davis,J.P. and Bonnell,R.D.},
Title ={EDICT --- An Enhanced Relational Data Dictionary: Architecture and Example},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@inproceedings{Davis1989, Author ={Davis,J.P. and Bonnell,R.D.},
Title ={Modeling Semantic Constraints with Logic in the EARL Data Model},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Davis1970, Author ={Davis,Lou},
Title ={Prototype for Future Computer Medical Records},
Journal ={Computers and Biomedical Research, Academic.},
Year =1970, Month =Oct,
Pages ="539--554",
Volume ="3",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Medical Methods Research Description of hierarchial record layout for large data base Category ={DBFtrees.4, DBfile %Davis70 } }

@article{Davis1977:1, Author ={Davis,R., Buchanan,B., and Shortliffe,E.},
Title ={Production Rules as a Representation for a Knowledge-Base Consultation Program},
Journal ={Artificial Intelligence.},
Year =1977, Pages ="15--45",
Volume ="8",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Davis1979, Author ={Davis,R.},
Title ={Interactive Transfer of Expertise: Acquisition of New Inference Rules},
Journal ={Artificial Intelligence.},
Year =1979, Pages ="121--157",
Volume ="12",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Davis1976, Author ={Davis,R. and King,J.},
Title ={An Overview of Production Systems},
Journal ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. Publishers 8, Elcock and Michie(eds), Wiley .},
Year =1976, Pages ="300-334",
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{Davis1980, Author ={Davis,R.},
Title ={Meta-rules: Reasoning about Control},
Journal ={AI.},
Year =1980, Pages ="179--222",
Volume ="15",
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Davis1973, Author ={Davis,Sidney},
Title ={Disc Storage for Minicomputer applications},
Journal ={Computer Design,},
Year =1973, Month =Jun,
Pages ="55--64",
Annote ={Good survey on disk technology Category ={DBFstorage-2> } }

@inproceedings{Day1983, Author ={Day,Kenneth R.},
Title ={Relational DBMS Development: An Incremental Approach},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 83, Database Week, San Jose, May 23-26.},
Year =1983, Pages ="8--14",
Annote ={at Convergent Technologies Database is a central node in initial designs. Category ={DBDrel.2> DBFindex.3> DBDdist> } }

@article{Day1965, Author ={Day,R.H.},
Title ={On Optimal Extracting from a Multiple File Data Storage System: An Application of Integer Programming},
Journal ={Operations Research, May-.},
Year =1965, Month =Jun,
Pages ="482--494",
Volume ="13",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDtech.4>} }

@inproceedings{Dayal1978, Author ={Dayal,U. and Bernstein,P.A.},
Title ={On the Updatability of Relational Views},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 4, Bubenko and Yao(eds), IEEE CS, Berlin FRG.},
Year =1978, Month =Oct,
Pages ="368--378",
Category ={DBDschema> DBDschema.1> DBDkb , DBDquery!.3.3} }

@techreport{Dayal1979, Author ={Dayal,Umeshwar},
Title ={Schema-Mapping Problems in Database Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., Harvard Un., TR-11--79.},
Year =1979, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Harvard Un., Aiken Computation Lab Category ={DBFhash> } }

@inproceedings{Dayal1982, Author ={Dayal,U., Goodman,N., and Katz,R.H.},
Title ={An Extended Relational Algebra with Control over Duplicate Elimination},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems 1, Aho(ed), ACM .},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Pages ="117--123",
Number ="475820",
Annote ={at CCA Some real world languages such as DAPLEX give users control over duplicate elimination. This paper extends the relational model to include multiset relations, i.e., tables. Category ={DBDrel.3> } }

@article{Dayal1982:1, Author ={Dayal,U. and Bernstein,P},
Title ={On the Correct Translation of Update Operations on Relational Views},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Volume ="7",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDschema.4> DBDrel.2>} }

@inproceedings{Dayal1982:2, Author ={Dayal,U. and Goodman,N.},
Title ={Query Optimization for CODASYL Database Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 82, Orlando FL.},
Year =1982, Month =Jun,
Pages ="138--150",
Category ={DBDbound.5> DBDquery.2>} }

@article{Dayal1982:3, Author ={Dayal,U. and Hwang,H.Y.},
Title ={View Definition and Generalization for Database Integration in Multibase: A System for Heterogeneous Databases},
Journal ={Berkeley 6.},
Year =1982, Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDdist> DBDmodel.6>} }

@techreport{Dayal1984, Author ={Dayal,U., Hwang,H-Y., Manola,F., Rosenthal,A.S., and Smith,J.M.},
Title ={Knowledge-Oriented Database Management},
Institution ={CCA, TR-84-02, to NSF (DCR-8360576).},
Year =1984, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at CCA Spatial data, logic rules and recursion. Requirements, and situation-action rules; all with logical and physical aspects. Future research. Requirements for transitive closure, recursion. Category ={DBDkb> Image, DBfile+home } }

@incollection{Dayal1985, Author ={Dayal,Umeshwar},
Title ={Query Processing in a Multidatabase System},
Booktitle ={Query Processing in Database Systems, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA).},
Year =1985, Pages ="81--108",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Dayal1987, Author ={Dayal,Umeshwar},
Title ={Of Nests and Trees: A Unified Approach to Processing Queries That Contain Nested Subqueries, Aggregates, and Quantifiers},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ duplicates, nested subqueries, grouping, aggregates, and quantifiers. Optimizers are limited in processing. From algebraic properties of these operations new query processing tactics are derived. extend algebra to correctly reformulate SQL operations and enable optimization. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDquery> DBDops, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Dayal1990, Author ={Dayal,U., Manola,F., Buchmann,A., Chakravarthy,U., Goldhirsch,D., Heiler,S., Orenstein,J., and Rosenthal,A.},
Title ={Simplifying Complex Objects: The PROBE Approach to Modelling and Querying Them},
Booktitle ={In 'Readings in Object-Oriented Database Systems edited by S.Zdonik and D.Maier, Morgan Kaufman.},
Year =1990, Annote ={at CCA Category ={DBDobject> EIS> DBDnewDBMS> DBDimpl, DBfile CCA } }

@article{Dayal1988, Author ={Dayal,U., et al.},
Title ={The HiPAC Project: Combining Active Databases and Timing Constraints},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record.},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="51--70",
Volume ="17",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at CCA Category ={DBFtrans>} }

@inproceedings{Dayal1990:1, Author ={Dayal,U., Hsu,M., and Ladin,R.},
Title ={Organizing Long-Running Activities with Triggers and Transactions},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 90, Atlantic City.},
Year =1990, Month =May,
Annote ={ Using rules provides a modularity for abort processing Flexible ways for expressing control flows (including compensating steps) Rules to organize long-running activities. Category ={DBFtrans> } }

@article{Dayal1991, Author ={Dayal,U., Hsu,M. and Ladin,R.},
Title ={A Generalized Transaction Model for Long-Running Activities and Active Databases},
Journal ={IEEE DB Eng.Bull.},
Year =1991, Month Mar,
Volume ="14",
Number ="1",
Annote ={nested deferred and decoupled transactions Category ={DBFtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Dayal1991:1, Author ={Dayal,U., Hsu,M., and Ladin,R.},
Title ={A Transactional Model for Long-Running Activities},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ activities may consist recursively of steps that may be subactivities or transactions; defines also communication between steps and the failure semantics including compensation and exception handling Category ={DBFtrans> } }

@inproceedings{Dayal1992, Author ={Dayal,U. and Wuu,G.T.J.},
Title ={A Uniform Approach to Processing Temporal Queries},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ algebra is based on first normal form tables; rules; closed intervals Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{Dayal1993, Author ={Dayal,Umeshwar},
Title ={A Comparison of Activity Models for Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems (Invited Talk)},
Booktitle ={IEEE RIDE-International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems 93, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at HP Labs Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{Dayhoff1980, Author ={Dayhoff,Ruth E.},
Title ={MUMPS Implementations on Microcomputers},
Journal ={MUG Quarterly.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Pages ="36--40",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@article{De1978, Author ={De,P., Haseman,W.D., and Kriebel,C.H.},
Title ={Toward an Optimal Design of a Network Database from Relational Descriptions},
Journal ={Operations Research, -Oct..},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Pages ="805--823",
Volume ="26",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at CMU Category ={DBDbound.5> DBFtechn.4, DBfile} }

@techreport{De1978:1, Author ={De,P., Haseman,W.D., and Kriebel,C.H.},
Title ={An Extended Model for Database Implementation},
Institution ={report,},
Year =1978, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDschema, DBfile} }

@article{De1987, Author ={De,P., Park,J.S., and Pirkul,S.},
Title ={An Integrated Model of Record Segmentation and Access Path Selection},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , no.4.},
Year =1987, Volume ="12",
Annote ={ Rule based optimization by vertical record fragmentation for locality and TID manipulation. Category ={DBFindex> DBFarch> DBDdesign> } }

@article{De1985, Author ={De,S., Pan,S-S., and Whinston,A.B.},
Title ={Natural Language Query Processing in a Temporal Database},
Journal ={Data and Knowledge Engineering, N-H .},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Pages ="3--15",
Volume ="1",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDquery> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Dean1970, Author ={Dean,A.L.},
Title ={An Architecture for File and Data Base Managers},
Booktitle ={Computer Technical Conf., U.S.Computer Conf. and Exhibition, Tokyo, Japan.},
Year =1970, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@inproceedings{Dean1971, Author ={Dean,A.L.jr.},
Title ={Data Privacy and Integrity Requirements for Online Data Management Systems},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed).},
Year =1971, Pages ="279--289",
Category ={DBDprivacy>} }

@book{Dean1972, Author ={Dean,A.L.(ed)},
Title ={Data Description, Access, and Control},
Publisher ={ACM, 420pp.},
Year =1972, Annote ={ Proceedings of the 1972 ACM-SIGFIDET Conf., Denver CO, Dec.1972. Category ={DBFintro> } }

@inproceedings{Dean1987, Author ={Dean,T.},
Title ={Large Scale Temporal Databases for Planning in Complex Domains},
Booktitle ={Proc.International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 10.},
Year =1987, Annote ={time tokens Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{DeAntonellis1981, Author ={DeAntonellis,V. and Zonta,B.},
Title ={A Causal Approach to Dynamics Modeling},
Booktitle ={IEEE CS Technical Com. on Database Engineering Bulletin.},
Year =1981, Pages ="70--75",
Volume ="7",
Number ="4",
Annote ={Petri nets for temporal modeling. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDschema.5> } }

@inproceedings{DeAntonellis1981:1, Author ={DeAntonellis,V. and Zonta,B.},
Title ={Modelling Events in Data Base Applications Design},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="23--31",
Annote ={ at Universita degli Studi, Inst.Cibernetica (Milan, Italy) A formalism suitable for describing events is proposed. Category ={DBDschema.0> } }

@techreport{DeAntonellis1982, Author ={DeAntonellis,V., Lenzerini,M., Batini,C., Atzeni,P. and Demo,B.},
Title ={Toward an Integrated Tool for Requirements Analysis and Conceptual Data Base Design},
Institution ={Un.di Roma R.82-05, 12pp.},
Year =1982, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Inst.Automatica Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@article{DeAntonellis1985, Author ={DeAntonellis,V. and DiLeva,A.},
Title ={A case study of database design using the DATAID approach},
Journal ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press , ; ACM Computing Reviews 8604-0352.},
Year =1985, Pages ="339--359",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Milan Category ={DBDdesign>} }

@book{Dearden1966, Author ={Dearden,John and MacFarlan,F.Warren},
Title ={Management Information Systems: Text and Cases},
Publisher ={Richard Irwin Inc., Homewood IL.},
Year =1966, Category ={DBDintro.8>} }

@article{Dearden1972, Author ={Dearden,J.},
Title ={MIS is a Mirage},
Journal ={Harvard Business Review, to Feb..},
Year =1972, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Dearnley1974, Author ={Dearnley,P.A.},
Title ={A Model of a Self-Organizing Data Management System},
Journal ={Computer J..},
Year =1974, Month =Feb,
Pages ="13--16",
Volume ="17",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at School of Computing Studies, Un.East Anglia Summary and experience of self organizing data management systems Category ={DBFeval.4, Shel } }

@article{Dearnley1974:1, Author ={Dearnley,P.A.},
Title ={The Operation of a Self Organising Data Management System},
Journal ={Computer J..},
Year =1974, Month =Aug,
Pages ="205--210",
Volume ="17",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBFeval.4>} }

@inproceedings{Dearnley1984, Author ={Dearnley,P.A. and Salih,A.H.M.},
Title ={Handling the Problems of the Incompleteness of Information in Databases},
Booktitle ={rcvd .},
Year =1984, Annote ={ survey and proposal to store relations, tuples, or domains with missing values in a distinct, parallel database. Tuples are best. Stocker's Internal Conceptual Schema is used for database modeling. An implementation on top of RAPPORT is proposed. Category ={DBDschema.2, DBfile } }

@techreport{DeBacker1988, Author ={DeBacker,W.(ed)},
Title ={Guidelines for an Informatics Architecture, (Third Edition)},
Institution ={Commission of the European Communities, 34pp.},
Year =1988, Annote ={ at Commission of the European Communities, (Luxembourg) The need for OSI type standards, but language differences for instance remain an application responsibility. Focus in PTT and computing centers. This level still needs 10 years for penetration for CEC Brussels. ---Gio. Category ={DBDarch> DBDkb, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Debanne1984, Author ={Debanne,Xavier},
Title ={A Knowledge Model for Expert Systems, Based on a Data Model},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at Data Base Informatica (Rome, Italy) Category ={DBDkb> } }

@techreport{deBeaujardier1979, Author ={deBeaujardier,J-M, Boughter,E., Radcliffe-Corletti,S., and Jodeit,J.},
Title ={Explicit Sets},
Institution ={ANSI X3H2 proposal 17.},
Year =1979, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDtheory.1>} }

@article{Debenham1983, Author ={Debenham,J.K. and McGrath,G.M.},
Title ={LOPE: A language for virtual relational databases},
Journal ={Austral.Comput.J..},
Year =1983, Pages ="2--8",
Volume ="15",
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{DeBlasis1978, Author ={DeBlasis,J.P. and Johnson,T.H.},
Title ={Review of Data Base Administrators Functions from a Survey},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 78, Lowenthal and Dale(eds).},
Year =1978, Pages ="101--109",
Category ={DBDadmin.3> DBDdesign>} }

@article{DeBlasis1977, Author ={DeBlasis,J.P. and Johnson,T.H.},
Title ={Data Base Administration--Classical Pattern, Some Experiences and Trends},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1977, Pages ="1--7",
Volume ="46",
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{DeBra1982, Author ={DeBra,P. and Paredaens,J.},
Title ={Horizontal Decompositions and Their Impact on Query Solving},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Records.},
Year =1982, Month =Sep,
Pages ="46--50",
Volume ="13",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Dep.Mathematics, Un.Antwerp Category ={DBDprivacy.3> } }

@inproceedings{DeBra1986, Author ={DeBra,Paul},
Title ={Horizontal Decompositions Based on Functional-Dependency-Set-Implications},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 86, Rome.},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Un.Antwerp, UIA (Belgium) Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@article{deBruijn1967, Author ={deBruijn,N.G.},
Title ={Additional Comments on a Problem in Concurrent Programming Control},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1967, Month Mar,
Pages ="137--138",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={Interlock design for multi-accessed data bases Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@techreport{deBy1986, Author ={deBy,Rolf A.},
Title ={Integrating Structure and Behaviour of Object Classes in a Basic Semantic Data Model},
Institution ={Un.Twente, Memo. INF-86-39.},
Year =1986, Annote ={at TU.Twente (Netherlands) Category ={DBDobject> DBDmodel> } }

@article{Dechter1987, Author ={Dechter,R.},
Title ={Decomposing an N-ary Relation into a Tree of Binary Relations},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Hughes and UCLA Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Decitre1981, Author ={Decitre,P.},
Title ={A Concurrency Control Algorithm in a Distributed Environment},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFPIS , Chicago, 1981.},
Year =1981, Month =May,
Volume ="50",
Category ={DBDdist> DBDintegrity.3>} }

@inproceedings{DeCorte1992, Author ={DeCorte,G., Eiger,A., Kroenke,D., and Kyte,T.},
Title ={An Object-Oriented Model for Capturing Data Semantics},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at General Research Corp. Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Decker1986, Author ={Decker,H.},
Title ={Integrity Enforcement on Prolog-based Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 1.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Annote ={at ECRC (FRG) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{deDoncker1979, Author ={deDoncker et al},
Title ={Interactive Database management for Integrated Circuit Design on the UNIX Operating System},
Booktitle ={Proc. Design Automation Conf 19.},
Year =1979, Category ={EIS>} }

@techreport{Dee1973, Author ={Dee,E., Hilder,W., King,P.J.H., and Taylor,E.},
Title ={COBOL Extensions to handle a Relational Data Base},
Institution ={British Computer Society, Working Party .},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Number ="5",
Category ={DBDbound>} }

@book{Deen1977, Author ={Deen,S.M.},
Title ={Fundamentals of Database Systems},
Publisher ={Hayden, Rochelle Park NJ,},
Year =1977, Category ={DBFintro>} }

@book{Deen1980, Author ={Deen,S.M. and Hammersley,P.(eds)},
Title ={Data Bases: Proc. International Conference 1980},
Publisher ={Heyden, London.},
Year =1980, Annote ={ICOD 1, Edinburgh. Category ={DBDintro>} }

@book{Deen1981, Author ={Deen and Hammersley(ed)},
Title ={British National Conference on Databases},
Publisher ={Jesus Coll. Cambridge.},
Year =1981, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ Proc. BNCOD1, British Computer Society Workshop Series. Category ={DBDintro, QA76.9.D3B75 } }

@book{Deen1983, Author ={Deen,S.M. and Hammersley,P.(eds)},
Title ={Proc. Second International Conference on Databases},
Publisher ={John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY)-Heyden Ltd.},
Year =1983, Annote ={at Un.Aberdeen file design, the A-set is a connection between a record (the owner) and other records (members). relational model normalization, including 4NF and DKNF languages includes DSL Alpha, SQL, and QBE; IMS and System 2000 ADABAS and TOTAL. New Approaches. Category ={DBDintro> ICOD 2, Cambridge, Aug.-Sep.1983. Category ={DBDintro> } }

@inproceedings{Deen1983:1, Author ={Deen,S.M., Amin,R.R., Ofori-Dwumfuo,G.O., and Taylor,M.C.},
Title ={The Architecture of a Generalized Distributed Database System-PRECI},
Booktitle ={Computer Journal.},
Year =1983, Pages ="282--290",
Volume ="28",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1983:2, Author ={Deen,S.M. and Hammersley,P.(eds)},
Title ={Operating System Support for Abstract Database Types},
Booktitle ={Proc. Intern.Conference on Databases, British Computer Society 2, Cambridge, -Sep..},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Un.Aberdeen Gutenberg compiles via formal query transformation. Category ={DBDlang> DBDoperations, DBfile } }

@article{Deen1985, Author ={Deen,S.M.},
Title ={A Relational Language with Deductions, Functions and Recursions},
Journal ={Data and Knowledge Engineering, N-H .},
Year =1985, Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDlogic>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1984, Author ={Deen,S.M., Amin,R.R., and Taylor,M.C.},
Title ={Query Decomposition in PRECI},
Booktitle ={Proc.Int. Seminar on Distributed Data Sharing Systems 3, Italy, N-H, 1985.},
Year =1984, Month Mar,
Pages ="92--103",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@incollection{Deen1985:1, Author ={Deen,S.M., Carrick,R., and Kennedy,D.M.},
Title ={A Flexible DBMS for Research and Teaching (PRECI/C)},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the British National Conference on Databases 4, ; ACM CR 8607-?.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Aberdeen A lavered architectured, five levels modules of (DADAISU 7). Category ={DBDimpl> } }

@inproceedings{Deen1987, Author ={Deen,S.M., Amin,R.R., and Taylor,M.C.},
Title ={Implementation of a Prototype for PRECI},
Booktitle ={Computer Journal.},
Year =1987, Volume ="30",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1987:1, Author ={Deen,S.M., Amin,R.R., and Taylor,M.C.},
Title ={Data Integration in Distributed Databases},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Pages ="860--864",
Volume ="13",
Number ="7",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1990, Author ={Deen,S.M., Kannangara,D.N.P., and Taylor,M.C.},
Title ={Multijoin on Parallel Processors},
Booktitle ={Int. Symp. on Databases in Parallel and Distributed Systems, IEEE, Dublin,},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Keele, UK Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1991, Author ={Deen,S. and Takizawa,M.},
Title ={Interoperability in Distributed Information Systems},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Deen1991:1, Author ={Deen,S.M.},
Title ={Inter-Object Operations in Cooperating Knowledge Based Systems},
Booktitle ={International Workshop on Interoperability in Multidatabase Systems-91, Kyoto.},
Year =1991, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Deering1984, Author ={Deering,M. and Faletti,J.},
Title ={Database Support for Storage of AI Reasoning Knowledge},
Booktitle ={Workshop on Expert Database Systems, Un.South Carolina, VOL.2.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Pages ="85--95",
Annote ={at Fairchild, Lab.for AI; UCD Category ={DBDdesign> DBFhybrid-nil> } }

@article{DeFiore1973, Author ={DeFiore,C.R. and Berra,P.B.},
Title ={A Data Management System Utilizing an Associative Memory},
Journal ={Proc. Proc. of the National Computer Conference, earlier also Spring Joint (SJCC), Fall Joint(FJCC), Western(WCC) and Eastern(ECC), published through AFIPS Press, now (Arlington VA), AFIPS .},
Year =1973, Volume ="42",
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Defude1984, Author ={Defude,B.},
Title ={Knowledge-based System versus Thesaurus: an Architecture problem about Expert system Design},
Booktitle ={Research and Development in Information Retrieval, in BCS-WS, vanRijsbergen(ed), Cambridge Un.Press, ; ACM-CR 8508-0756.},
Year =1984, Pages ="2657-280",
Annote ={ thesaurus is central to IR systems. Should it be integrated? Category ={DBDkb> } }

@book{DeGreene1973, Author ={DeGreene,Kengon B.},
Title ={Socio-technical Systems: Factors in Analysis, Design and Management},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 416pp.},
Year =1973, Annote ={ Data bases as components of systems applied to societal problems. Category ={DBFintro.3> } }

@book{DeGroot1985, Author ={DeGroot,Doug and Lindstrom,Gary(eds)},
Title ={Logic Programming: Relations, Functions, and Equations},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, Sum. .},
Year =1985, Annote ={ Announcement with table of contents is in LOGPRO.TOC[1,YM]. Category ={DBDkb> DBDlogic> } }

@inproceedings{Degoulet1990, Author ={Degoulet,P. et al.},
Title ={The HELIOS European project on software engineering},
Booktitle ={IMIA Working conference on Software Eng. and Medical Informatics, Amsterdam.},
Year =1990, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Broussais Un.Hospital Category ={DEng>} }

@inproceedings{Deheneffe1974, Author ={Deheneffe,C., Hennebert,H., and Paulus,W.},
Title ={Relational Model for a Data Base},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf-74, Proc. IFIP Congress, N-H.},
Year =1974, Annote ={ at Institut d'Informatique des Facultes Universitaires (Namur, Belgium) Category ={DBDschema, x8> %Deheneffe74 } }

@book{Deitel1982, Author ={Deitel,H.M.},
Title ={An Introduction to Operating Systems},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA).},
Year =1982, Annote ={at Boston Un. Category ={DBFtrans.7>} }

@techreport{DeJong1975, Author ={DeJong,S.P. and Zloof,M.M.},
Title ={Application Design within the System for Business Automation},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. RC5366, Yorktown Heights NY, 14 .},
Year =1975, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDrel, x10>} }

@techreport{DeJong1978, Author ={DeJong,W},
Title ={Experience with a New Database Approach},
Institution ={Land-Registration, Tr., rcvd (Apeldoorn, Holland).},
Year =1978, Annote ={ use of ENALIM for design and TAMALAN from Nijssen for land parcel reg. Category ={DBDintro.8>in DBfile } }

@article{DeJonge1985, Author ={DeJonge,Wiebren},
Title ={Compromising Statistical Databases Responding to Queries about Means},
Journal ={reprinted in thesis},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Category ={DBDprivacy.3> DBDstat>} }

@techreport{DeJonge1985:1, Author ={DeJonge,Wiebren},
Title ={Security and Privacy in Information Systems},
Institution ={PhD Th., VU.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Category ={DBDtrans-4> DBDdesign, thesisfile } }

@article{DeJonge1987, Author ={DeJonge,W., Tanenbaum,A.S., and VanDeRiet,R.P.},
Title ={Two Access Methods Using Compact Binary Trees},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-13 .},
Year =1987, Month =Jul,
Pages ="799--810",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) BDS-trees and S-trees preserve key-order and offer sequential access. The search is digital on a bit-by-bit basis. Category ={DBFtree, xissue } }

@inproceedings{DeJonge1990, Author ={DeJonge,W. and Schijf,A.},
Title ={Concurrent Access to B-Trees},
Booktitle ={Parbase-90, Miami Beach.},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Category ={DBFtree>} }

@techreport{DeKleer1978, Author ={DeKleer,J., Doyle,J., Rich,C., Steele,G.L.Jr., and Sussman,G.J.},
Title ={AMORD: A Deductive Procedure System},
Institution ={Machine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersT, AI Lab, Memo. .},
Year =1978, Month =Jan,
Number ="435",
Annote ={at MIT, AI Lab. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@article{DeKleer1986, Author ={DeKleer,Johan},
Title ={An Assumption-based TMS},
Journal ={AI, ; ACM Computing Reviews 8702-??.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Pages ="127--162",
Volume ="28",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Xerox, Palo Alto A Truth Maintenance System (TMS) is part of a reasoning system that is allowed to remember the results of all inferences made by the other parts of the system; to derive simple conclusions and assign truth values to all the statements; and to find contradictions and overcome them automatically according to some rule. TMS can realize nonmonotomic reasoning. In the Assumption-based TMS every result is stored with the list of assumptions used for its derivation. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Dellar1982, Author ={Dellar,Carl N.R.},
Title ={A File Server for a Network of Low-Cost Personal Microcomputers},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience.},
Year =1982, Month =Nov,
Pages ="1051--1068",
Volume ="12",
Number ="11",
Annote ={at Texas Instruments Inc. (Austin TX) No atomic transactions and lightweight protocols. Category ={DBDdist> DBFintro.4.1, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Delcambre1984, Author ={Delcambre,S.N., Nanartowich,P.A., and Urban,J.E.},
Title ={Data Typing Issues for Data Base Management Systems in the Higher Order Software Methodology and Environment},
Note ={rcvd. .},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Un.Southwestern Louisiana Category ={DBappl> DBDschema.2> DBDkb> } }

@inproceedings{Delcambre1987, Author ={Delcambre,L.M.L. and Urban,S.D.},
Title ={Perspectives of a Semantic Schema},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Delcambre1988, Author ={Delcambre,Lois M.L.},
Title ={RPL: An Expert System Language with Query Power},
Journal ={IEEE Expert, Win..},
Year =1988, Pages ="51--61",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ Compared with OPS 5. Rule base is a database. Rule is query: update similar to INRIA RDL/1. Category ={DBDkb> DBDlang> } }

@inproceedings{Delcambre1988:1, Author ={Delcambre,L. and Etheridge,J.},
Title ={The Relational Production Language: A Production Language for Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Conference on Expert Database Systems 2, Benjamin Cummings, Menlo Park, CA.},
Year =1988, Annote ={I3 Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{Delcambre1989, Author ={Delcambre,L.M.L. and Davis,K.C.},
Title ={Automatic Validation of Object-Oriented Database Structures},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Delgrande1987, Author ={Delgrande,J.P.},
Title ={Formal Bounds on Automatic Generation and Maintenance of Integrity Constraints},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD Symp. on Principles of Database Systems , San Diego.},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Simon Fraser Un. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{Delis1992, Author ={Delis,A. and Roussopoulos,N.},
Title ={Performance and Scalability of Client-Server Architectures},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ caching is effective simulation up to hashing limit Category ={DBFfile> } }

@inproceedings{Delisle1986, Author ={Delisle,N. and Schwartz,M.},
Title ={Neptune: A Hypertext System for CAD Applications},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data.},
Year =1986, Category ={EIS>} }

@article{Delisle1987, Author ={Delisle,N.M. and Schwartz,M.D.},
Title ={Neptune: A Hypertext System for Software Development Environments},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="54--59",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={at Tektronix Inc., Comp.Res.Lab, (Beaverton OR) Category ={DEng> } }

@article{Delobel1971, Author ={Delobel,C.},
Title ={Aspects Theoretiques sur le Structure de l'Information dans une Base de Donnees},
Journal ={Rev.Francaise d'Informatique et de Recherche Operationelle No.B-3.},
Year =1971, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDschema>%Delobel71} }

@techreport{Delobel1972, Author ={Delobel,C.},
Title ={A Theory about Data in an Information System},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R., RJ964, San Jose CA, 28,},
Year =1972, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@article{Delobel1973, Author ={Delobel,C. and Casey,R.},
Title ={Decomposition of a Data Base and the Theory of Boolean Switching Functions},
Journal ={IBM Journal of Research and Development.},
Year =1973, Month =Sep,
Pages ="374--386",
Volume ="17",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Equivalence of set operations on relations and Boolean algebra. Category ={DBDschema> %Delobel73 } }

@article{Delobel1978, Author ={Delobel,C.},
Title ={Normalization and Hierarchial Dependencies in the Relational Data Model},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Pages ="201--222",
Volume ="3",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Un.Grenoble (France) One-to-one, one-to-many relationships between the attributes of database relations are modeled by means of functional dependencies and multivalued dependencies. A new type of dependency is first-order hierarchical. Category ={DBDtheory.3> } }

@book{Delobel1982, Author ={Delobel,C. and Litwin,W.(eds)},
Title ={Distributed Databases},
Publisher ={N-H.},
Year =1982, Category ={DBDdist>} }

@book{Delobel1982:1, Author ={Delobel,C. and Adiba,M.},
Title ={Bases de Donnees et Systemes Relationnels},
Publisher ={Dunod, phase specialite informatique.},
Year =1982, Annote ={at Grenoble Relational Databases: includes System R and QBE Category ={DBDrel.2> DBDquery.2> } }

@book{Delobel1985, Author ={Delobel,C. and Adiba,M.},
Title ={Relational Database Systems},
Publisher ={Elsevier N-H, 451pp; ACM Computing Reviews 8608-??.},
Year =1985, Annote ={at Un.Grenoble (France) The French original was published in 1983. Ullman's book is followed closely. Some of the relational design algorithms are not in any other textbook. Category ={DBDrel> } }

@techreport{deMaindreville1987, Author ={deMaindreville,C. and Simon,E.},
Title ={A Predicate Transition Net for Evaluating Queries Against Rules in a DBMS},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-604.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at INRIA, Projet SABRE Category ={DBDintegrity> DBDquery, DBFile } }

@inproceedings{deMaindreville1988, Author ={deMaindreville,C. and Simon,E.},
Title ={A Production Rule Based Approach to Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 4, Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at INRIA Category ={DBDkb, DBfile, also background report } }

@inproceedings{deMaindreville1988:1, Author ={deMaindreville,C. and Simon,E.},
Title ={Modelling Non Deterministic Queries and Updates in Deductive Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt(eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="395--406",
Category ={DBDquery> DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{deMaindreville1989, Author ={deMaindreville,C. and Cheiney,J-P.},
Title ={Relational Storage And Efficient Retrieval Of Rules In A Deductive DBMS},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 5, Los Angeles.},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@article{DeMaine1971, Author ={DeMaine,P.A.D.},
Title ={The Integral Family of Reversible Compressors},
Journal ={IAG Journal, vol.4 no.3.},
Year =1971, Pages ="207--219",
Annote ={at Penn.State Un., CSD (University Park PA) Exhaustive set of programs for compression of file data on 360. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@inproceedings{DeMaine1971:1, Author ={DeMaine,P.A.D. and Rotwitt,T.,jr. },
Title ={Storage Optimization of Tree Structured Files},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Codd(ed).},
Year =1971, Pages ="207--218",
Category ={DBFtree>} }

@techreport{DeMaine1968, Author ={DeMaine,P.A.D., Chaffee,N.F., and Springe,G.K.},
Title ={Automatic Organization of Files, Overview of the SOLID System},
Institution ={where???, ?},
Year =1968, Annote ={ Preprocessor uses of key file to obtain symbolic goal references, which are then processed. Category ={DBFhybrid> } }

@inproceedings{DeMaraM1991, Author ={DeMara,R. and Moldovan,D.},
Title ={A Multiprocessing Testbed for Knowledge Processing},
Booktitle ={PDIS-91, Miami Beach, FL. Garcia-Molina and Jagadish (eds)},
Year =1991, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{DeMarco1978, Author ={DeMarco,T.},
Title ={Structured Analysis and System Specification},
Publisher ={Yourdon, Inc., New York.},
Year =1978, Annote ={Data flow analysis for system analysts. Category ={DBDintro.8> DBFeval.1> DBDschema.0> } }

@inproceedings{DeMarco1984, Author ={DeMarco,T.},
Title ={Experiences with Automated Aids for Dataflow Diagrams},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Yourdon Inc. Category ={DBDdesign.7.5>} }

@techreport{Demetrovics1985, Author ={Demetrovics,J., Hannak,L., and Knuth,E.},
Title ={Conceptual Knowledge Operations},
Institution ={HAS, CAI, TR-II-67.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={ at Hungarian Acad.of Sciences, Comp.and Automation Inst. Category ={DBDkb, DBfile Knuth } }

@book{Demetrovics1989, Author ={Demetrovics,J. and Thalheim,B.(Eds)},
Title ={MFDBS 89},
Publisher ={Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Computer Science, 428pp.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Volume ="364",
Annote ={ at Hungarian Academy of Sciences, (Budapest, Hungary) 2nd Symp. on Mathematical Fundamentals of Database Systems, (Visegrad, Hungary), Jun.1989. Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Demetrovics1992, Author ={Demetrovics,J., Ronyai,L., and Son,H.},
Title ={On the Composition and Decomposition of Attributes and Tuples},
Booktitle ={Internat.Conference on Database Theory 92, Berlin.},
Year =1992, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@inproceedings{DeMichiel1989, Author ={DeMichiel,Linda},
Title ={Performing Operations over Mismatched Domains},
Booktitle ={PhD Thesis.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Stanford Un. domains from autonomous databases are mapped to a common domain, creating partial values. Retrievals create maybe tuples. An algebra is defined and shown satisfactory which operates on these. I3 Category ={DBDdist> } }

@article{DeMichiel1989:1, Author ={DeMichiel,L.G.},
Title ={Resolving Database Incompatibility: An Approach to Performing Relational Operations over Mismatched Domains},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Pages ="485--493",
Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at HP Labs mediation of domain differences in federated databases. FAUVE. Category ={DBDdist> DBDkb> } }

@incollection{DeMichiel1989:2, Author ={DeMichiel,L.G.},
Title ={Resolving problems of semantic heterogeneity in relational database systems},
Booktitle ={in Yu(ed) Workshop on heterogenous databases, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Annote ={summary of thesis Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{DeMichiel1993, Author ={DeMichiel,L., Chamberlin,D., Lindsay,B., Agrawal,R., and Arya,M.},
Title ={Polyglot: Extensions to Relational Databases for Sharable Types and Functions in a Multi-Language Environment},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{DeMillo1982, Author ={DeMillo,R., Lynch,N., and Merritt,M.},
Title ={Cryptographic Protocols},
Booktitle ={Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing 14.},
Year =1982, Pages ="383--400",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@inproceedings{Demo1987, Author ={Demo,B.},
Title ={Recursive Versus Iterative Schemes for Least Fix Point Computation in Logic Databases},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, LA.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@techreport{Demo1987:1, Author ={Demo,B., Porta,M., and Sapino,M.L.},
Title ={A Stack Machine Semantics for Rewriting Rule Methods in Logic Databases},
Institution ={rcvd. .},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at Un.Torino Proports to generalize counting, sideways-information passing, Alexander method. ---jeff Category ={DBDtheory> } }

@inproceedings{Demolombe1978, Author ={Demolombe,R., Lemaitre,M, and Nicolas,J-M.},
Title ={The Language of SYNTEX-2, an Implemented Relational-like DBMS},
Booktitle ={Information Technology, Moneta(ed), N-H .},
Year =1978, Annote ={ a protype of a relational DBMS. Also in french: 'SYNTEX-2 : un Prototype de SGDB Relationnel', with performance measurements. Category ={DBDrel.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Demolombe1979, Author ={Demolombe,R.},
Title ={Estimation of the Number of Tuples Satisfying a Query Expressed in Predicate Calculus Language},
Booktitle ={Information Systems, Pergamon Press . (with Toulouse,R.)},
Year =1979, Pages ="219--225",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Onera-Cert (Tolouse, France) A statistical model to estimate the cardinality of queries and sub-queries expressed in Predicate Calculus language. The parameters are: the cardinalities of the relations and of their projections on each argument; the probability for an element in the intersection of several projections of relations; the probability that several components of a tuple of a relation are equal; and the probability that the constants which appear in a query belong to the corresponding projections of the relations. Category ={DBDquery.3.3> DBFimpl.2.4> } }

@article{Demolombe1983, Author ={Demolombe,R.},
Title ={How to Improve Performance of Relational DBMS},
Journal ={Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf 83, IFIP, Mason(ed), N-H.},
Year =1983, Pages ="229--233",
Annote ={formal planning for optimal performance Category ={DBDperf, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Demolombe1985, Author ={Demolombe,Robert},
Title ={STEL : an Extended Relational Model to Represent and Manipulate Structured Objects},
Note ={rcvd .},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={ External schema transforms objects to relational terms. Nulls. Category ={DBDobject> DBDrel.2, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Demolombe1985:1, Author ={Demolombe,Robert},
Title ={Strategies to compute answers to relational queries},
Booktitle ={AICA conf..},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={optimization of disjunctive expression Category ={DBDquery, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{Demolombe1988, Author ={Demolombe,R., Illarramendi,A., and Blanco,J.M.},
Title ={Semantic optimization in data bases using artificial intelligence techniques},
Booktitle ={IFIP TC-2, Canton China.},
Year =1988, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at ONERA-CERT, (Toulouse,France) Category ={DBDkb>} }

@incollection{Demolombe1989, Author ={Demolombe,Robert},
Title ={An Efficient Strategy for Non-Horn Deductive Data Bases},
Booktitle ={'Proceedings of the tri-annual IFIP Conf 89', Ritter(ed), IFIP 11th World Computer Congress, (San Francisco, -Sep.), N-H, 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Aug,
Pages ="325--330",
Category ={DBDtheory>} }

@techreport{Demonchaux1985, Author ={Demonchaux,E., Quinqueton,J., and Ralambondrainy,H.},
Title ={CLAVECIN, un Systeme Expert en Analyse de Donnees},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-431.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Annote ={classification of data types and inheritance. Category ={DBFrepresent, DBfile } }

@article{Dempsey1970, Author ={Dempsey,J.W. and J.K.Mullin,},
Title ={Problems of Building a Hybrid Data Definition Facility},
Journal ={ACM SIGFIDET .},
Year =1970, Pages ="174--187",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@article{Dempster1967, Author ={Dempster,A.P.},
Title ={Upper and Lower Probalilities Induced by a Multi-Valued Mapping},
Journal ={Annals of Mathematical Statistics, vol.38.},
Year =1967, Pages ="325--339",
Category ={UNCERTAIN> DBDkb>} }

@techreport{Demurjian1984, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., Kerr,D.S., and Strawser,P.R.},
Title ={Towards an Ideal Database Server for Office Automation Environments Backend Configurations},
Institution ={NPGS, TR-NPS52-84-018.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Hsiao} }

@techreport{Demurjian1984:1, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., Kerr,D.S., Strawser,P.R., Tekampe,R.C., and Watson,R.J.},
Title ={Performance Evaluation of a Database System in a Multiple Backend Configurations},
Institution ={NPGS (Monterey CA), TR.NPS52-84-019.},
Year =1984, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Hsiao} }

@techreport{Demurjian1984:2, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., Kerr,D.S., Tekampe,R.C., and Watson,R.J.},
Title ={Performance Measurement Methodologies for Database},
Institution ={NPGS (Monterey CA), TR.NPS52-84-023.},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Annote ={simple summary of techniques. Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Hsiao } }

@techreport{Demurjian1985, Author ={Demurjian,S.A. and Hsiao,D.K.},
Title ={New Directions in Database-Systems Research and Development},
Institution ={NPGS (Monterey CA), TR.NPS52-85-1.},
Year =1985, Month =Feb,
Annote ={multiple front and backends are expected Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Hsiao } }

@techreport{Demurjian1985:1, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., and Marshall,D.},
Title ={The Architectural Requirements and Integration Analysis of a Database Server for Office Automation},
Institution ={NPGS (Monterey CA), TR.NPS52-85-008.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Category ={DBDdist, DBfile Hsiao} }

@techreport{Demurjian1985:2, Author ={Demurjian,S.A. and Hsiao,D.K.},
Title ={Design Analysis and Performance Evaluation Methodologies for Database Computers},
Institution ={NPGS (Monterey CA), TR.NPS52-85-009.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBmach, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Demurjian1986, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., and Menon,J.},
Title ={A Multi-Backend System For Performance Gains, Capacity Growth and Hardware Upgrade},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 2, Los Angeles.},
Year =1986, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@book{Demurjian1987, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Hsiao,D.K., and Marshall,R.G.},
Title ={Design Analysis and Performance Evaluation Methodologies for Database Computers},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers, 300pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8712-??.},
Year =1987, Annote ={ The methodologies are: Test-bed; Queuing Theory; Time Complexity; combined; Simulation; Benchmarking; Checkpointing activities. Performance Evaluation Methodology. Strong and weak points of methodologies are summarized. Authors applied these techniques to DBC and MDBS. Valuable to professional Authors applied these techniques to DBC and MDBS. Valuable to professional engineers working with database architectures and performance evaluation. ---Dawkins. Category ={DBFmach> DBDeval, x } }

@inproceedings{Demurjian1987:1, Author ={Demurjian,S.A. and Hsiao,D.K.},
Title ={The Multi-Lingual Database System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Annote ={Federated system. Category ={DBDdist, DBfile} }

@techreport{Demurjian1987:2, Author ={Demurjian,S.A., Fenton,G.P., Hsiao,D.K., and Vincent,J.R.},
Title ={A Computer-Aided Benchmarking System for Parallel and Expandable Database Computers},
Institution ={NPGS, TR..},
Year =1987, Month Apr,
Annote ={at NPGS unreviewed on Gio's Desk Category ={DBDmodel> DBDnewDBMS, DBfile } }

@article{Demurjian1988, Author ={Demurjian,S.A. and Hsiao,D.K.},
Title ={Towards a Better Understanding of Data Models Through the Multilingual System},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1988, Month =Jul,
Pages ="946--958",
Volume ="14",
Number ="7",
Annote ={at U.Connecticut, Dep.CS and Eng. Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Denning1977, Author ={Denning,D.E.},
Title ={A Lattice Model of Secure Information Flow},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1977, Month =Jul,
Pages ="504--513",
Volume ="20",
Category ={DBFsecurity>} }

@article{Denning1980, Author ={Denning,D.E. and Schlorer,J.},
Title ={A Fast Procedure for Finding a Tracker in a Statistical Database},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month Mar,
Pages ="88--102",
Volume ="5",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Purdue Un.; Un. Ulm (FRG) Category ={DBDprivacy.2.2> DBDprivacy-10> } }

@article{Denning1980:1, Author ={Denning,D.E.},
Title ={Corrigenda on Linear Queries in Statistical Databases},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems , pp.383.},
Year =1980, Month =Sep,
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Annote ={refers to Schwartz 1979 TODS. Category ={DBDprivacy.2.3> DBDprivacy-10> } }

@article{Denning1980:2, Author ={Denning,D.E.},
Title ={Secure Statistical Databases with Random Sample Queries},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1980, Month =Sep,
Pages ="291--315",
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Category ={DBDprivacy.2.3> DBDprivacy-10>} }

@book{Denning1982, Author ={Denning,Dorothy E.},
Title ={Cryptography and Data Security},
Publisher ={Addison-Wesley (Reading MA), 400pp.},
Year =1982, Annote ={ Encryption Algorithms, crytographic techniques, access controls, information flow controls, inference controls. Mathematical topics are generally treated at the right depth for an introductory textbook. The notions from classical cryptology are presented simply but adequately. It's pretty good (though unnecessarily formal at times). The last chapter covers the issues in security of statistical databases best of anything I've seen. but she agrees it's already out of date (N.Rowe;18May83). Category ={DBFsecurity> DBDprivacy.2.3> DBDprivacy.7> DBFmethods, QA76.9.A25D46 1982 } }

@techreport{Denning1983, Author ={Denning,Dorothy E.R.},
Title ={A Security Model for the Statistical Database Problem},
Institution ={Purdue Un, PhD Th..},
Year =1983, Month =Jan,
Category ={DBDprivacy.2.2> DBDprivacy-1>} }

@article{Denning1987, Author ={Denning,D.E., Akl,S.G., Heckman,M., Lunt,T.F., Morgenstern,M. Neumann,P.G., and Schell,R.R.},
Title ={Views for Multilevel Database Security},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-13 ,; ACM Computing Reviews 8802-0104.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Pages ="129--140",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at SRI (Menlo Park CA) Seaview is based on the relational model. The user cannot infer from a response that the data item requested exists. Proposes that the primary key incorporates the access class. Category ={DBFsecurity> DBDprivacy> } }

@article{Denning1967, Author ={Denning,Peter J.},
Title ={Effects of Scheduling on File Memory Operations},
Journal ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1967, Pages ="9--21",
Volume ="30",
Annote ={at MIT Comparison of drums and also disks of shortest seek first and scanning algorthms. The model considers reads and writes with switching overheads. Category ={DBFtechn, x B6 } }

@article{Denning1971, Author ={Denning,Peter J.},
Title ={Third Generation Computer Systems},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1971, Pages ="145--216",
Volume ="3",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ An operating systems approach to storage management, good illustration of deadlock, extensive bibliography. Category ={DBFintro.9> DBDintegrity> %Denning71 } }

@article{Denning1972, Author ={Denning,P.J.},
Title ={A Note on Paging Drum Efficiency},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1972, Month Mar,
Pages ="1--3",
Volume ="4",
Number ="1",
Annote ={ Do not assume uniform distribution over sector queues. Category ={DBFtechn.3> %Denning73 } }

@article{Denning1978, Author ={Denning,P.J. and Buzen,J.P.},
Title ={The Operational Analysis of Queueing Network Models},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1978, Month =Sep,
Pages ="225--261",
Volume ="10",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ at Purdue Un. (West Lafayette IN); BGS Systems, Inc.(Lincoln MA) Category ={DBFtechn.3> } }

@article{Denning1980:3, Author ={Denning,P.J.},
Title ={Working Sets Past and Present},
Journal ={IEEE SE, Vol.SE-6 .},
Year =1980, Month =Jan,
Pages ="64--84",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at MIT Category ={DBDschema> DBDperform>} }

@inproceedings{Denninghoff1991, Author ={Denninghoff,K. and Vianu,V.},
Title ={The Power of Methods with Parallel Semantics},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={for sets of objects Category ={DBDobject>} }

@article{Dennis1966, Author ={Dennis,J.B. and vanHorn,E.C.},
Title ={Programming Semantics for Multiprogrammed Computations},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1966, Month Mar,
Pages ="143--155",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Multics Design Category ={DBDintro.8> DBDdesign> } }

@article{Dennis1968, Author ={Dennis,Jack B.},
Title ={A Position Paper on Computing and Communications},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1968, Month =May,
Pages ="370--377",
Volume ="2",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Includes a sketch for update synchronization in a distributed data base Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@inproceedings{Dennis1970, Author ={Dennis,Jack B.},
Title ={On the Exchange of Information},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGFIDET , Houston TX, 1970.},
Year =1970, Pages ="41--86",
Category ={DBDschema>} }

@incollection{Dennis1980, Author ={Dennis,Jack B.},
Title ={Data Flow Supercomputers},
Booktitle ={IEEE Computer.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Pages ="48--56",
Volume ="13",
Number ="11",
Annote ={ Multiprocessors, parallel processing, data flow, the idea of activity templates, single assignment and so on. Recommended. ---Miya. Category ={DBDparallel> DBFarch> } }

@article{Deogun1984, Author ={Deogun,J.S., Raghavan,V.V., and Tsou,T.K.W.},
Title ={Organization of Clustered Files for Consecutive Retrieval},
Journal ={ACM Transactions on Database Systems .},
Year =1984, Month =Dec,
Pages ="646--671",
Volume ="9",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Un.Nebraska; Un.Regina Category ={DBFtrees.1>} }

@manual{Department1985, Author ={Department of Defense Standard},
Title ={Department of Defense Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria},
Organization ={DOD 5200.28-STD, supersedes CSC-STD-001-83.},
Year =1985, Month =Dec,
Annote ={The Orange book Category ={DBFsecurity, x Ark} }

@article{Deppe1976, Author ={Deppe,M.E. and Fry,J.P.},
Title ={Distributed Data Bases: A Summary of Research},
Journal ={Comput. Networks.},
Year =1976, Pages ="130--135",
Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBDdist> DBFintro>} }

@inproceedings{deRougemont1988, Author ={deRougemont,Michel},
Title ={Fixed-Point Semantics and the Representation of Algorithms on Large Data},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="264--272",
Annote ={ at Un.Paris Sud, Lab. de Recherche en Informatique, (Paris France) Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@inproceedings{Derr1993, Author ={Derr,M., Morishita,S., and Phipps,G.},
Title ={Design and Implementation of the Glue-Nail Database System},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 93, Washington,DC.},
Year =1993, Month =May,
Category ={DBDquery>} }

@inproceedings{Derrett1984, Author ={Derrett,N.},
Title ={Types and Constraints},
Booktitle ={Hewlett-Packard Labs TR, Palo Alto.},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDlang>} }

@article{Derret1985, Author ={Derret,N., Kent,W., and Lyngback,P.},
Title ={Some Aspects of Stored Operations in an Object-oriented Database},
Journal ={H-P Lab draft report, rcvd .},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Annote ={description of ORIS DBMS prototype. Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign.7.5, DBfile Kent } }

@techreport{Desai1986, Author ={Desai,B.C., Groyal,P., and Sadri,F.},
Title ={Integrity Enforcement, Joung Encoding Techniques and Performance Considerations in Centralized and Distributed DBMS's Using a Composite Bc-Tree},
Institution ={rcvd. , Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12?.},
Year =1986, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDrel> DBFimpl> DBDdist, DBFile} }

@article{Desai1989, Author ={Desai,Bipin C.},
Title ={Performance of a Composite Attribute and Join Index},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1989, Month =Feb,
Pages ="142--152",
Volume ="15",
Number ="2",
Annote ={at Concordia Un., DCS, Montreal Canada The leaf node of the Btree incorporates a reference to all tuples in the database which share common data values of a shared domain. The composite index facilitates the enforcement of structural integrity constraints. Category ={DBFindex> DBDops> DBDquery> } }

@book{Desai1990, Author ={Desai,Bipin C.},
Title ={An Introduction to Database Systems},
Publisher ={West Publishing Co..},
Year =1990, Annote ={emphasizes the relational model Category ={DBDrel>} }

@inproceedings{Desai1991, Author ={Desai,B. and Zhang,L.},
Title ={Multilevel interface to a distributed database system},
Booktitle ={ISMachine Intelligence, eds: Meltzer o.o., and Michie, vars. PublishersS-91, Charlotte, NC.},
Year =1991, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at Concordia Un. English, SQL, Global, Local Query Category ={DBDquery> DBDimpl> } }

@article{Deshko1985, Author ={Deshko,A.I., Ignatenko,B.V., and Pavlovskii,V.I.},
Title ={Nonprocedural Data Manipulation Languages, Classification and Future Development},
Journal ={Programming and Computer Software; translation of Programmirovaniye, (Moscow, USSR) Plenum , -Aug..},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Pages ="223--232",
Volume ="11",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ YAKOD (theirs) is best by example, compared with old DMLS Category ={DBDquery, FASAC 333 } }

@inproceedings{Deshpande1988, Author ={Deshpande,A. and VanGucht,D.},
Title ={An Implementation for Nested Relational Databases},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 14, Bancilhon and DeWitt (eds), Los Angeles.},
Year =1988, Month =Aug,
Pages ="76--87",
Annote ={at Indiana Un., CSD, (Bloomington IN) Uses one value-driven indexing structure for the entire database; a main-memory for manipulation of hierarchical tuple-identifiers. Category ={DBDbound> } }

@techreport{Deshpande1989, Author ={Deshpande,Anand},
Title ={An Implementation for Nested Relational Databases},
Institution ={PhD thesis, Indiana Un.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at Indiana Un., CSD, (Bloomington IN) ANDA is written in Scheme with a graphical Query language Category ={DBDrel> DBDlang, thesis file } }

@inproceedings{Deshpande1992, Author ={Deshpande,V. and Larson,P.},
Title ={The Design & Implementation of a Parallel Join Algorithm for Nested Relations on Shared-Memory Multiprocessors},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 8, Tempe, AZ.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Un. Waterloo Category ={DBDperf>} }

@inproceedings{DeSmedt1993, Author ={DeSmedt,P. et al.},
Title ={Recursive Functions in Iris},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at HP Labs Category ={DBDobject>} }

@book{Desmonde1964, Author ={Desmonde,W.H.},
Title ={Real Time Data Processing Systems},
Publisher ={Prentice-Hall publishers.},
Year =1964, Annote ={Describes SABRE airlines reservation system. Category ={DBDintro.8> DBFintro-3> DBDtrans, xbook } }

@techreport{Despeyroux1984, Author ={Despeyroux,Thierry},
Title ={Executable Specification of Static Semantics},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-295.},
Year =1984, Month =May,
Annote ={TYPOL, a higher level version of FORMOL Category ={DBFimpl.2.2> DBfour.4, DBfile } }

@techreport{Deswarte1985, Author ={Deswarte,Y., Fabre,J.C., Laprie,J.C., and Powell,D.},
Title ={Le Projet Saturne},
Institution ={Institut National de la Recherche en Informatique et Automatique, TR-445,},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Category ={DBDdist> DBDreliab, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{DeTroyer1986, Author ={DeTroyer,O.},
Title ={On Rule-Based Generation of Conceptual Database Updates},
Booktitle ={DS-2, IFIP TC-2 conf.on Knowledge and Data, Portugal.},
Year =1986, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Limburgs Un.Centrum, Dep. WNIF, (Belgium) program transformation allows proving the correctness of the generated procedures. The results are promising. Solid treatment of update specifications. Category ={DBDquery> DBDkb> } }

@article{DeTroyer1989, Author ={DeTroyer,O.},
Title ={RIDL*: A Tool for the Computer-Assisted Engineering of Large Databases in the Presence of Integrity Constraints},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 89, (Portland OR), -Jun..},
Year =1989, Month =May,
Annote ={ at Tilburg Un., INFOLAB, (Le Tilburg, The Netherlands) Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{DeTroyer1993, Author ={DeTroyer,O. and Janssen,R.},
Title ={On Modularity for Conceptual Data Models and the Consequences for Sub typing, Inheritance and Overriding},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 9, Vienna.},
Year =1993, Month Apr,
Annote ={at Tilburg Un. Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@article{Deuel1966, Author ={Deuel,Philip},
Title ={On a Storage Mapping Function for Data Structures},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM ,},
Year =1966, Month =May,
Pages ="344--347",
Volume ="9",
Number ="5",
Annote ={ Algorithm for address computation of structure elements in core storage. Category ={DBFseq.2> } }

@inproceedings{Deutsch1987, Author ={Deutsch,D.},
Title ={A Status Report on SQL Standardization},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at General Electric Category ={DBDrel>} }

@techreport{Deutsch1979, Author ={Deutsch,D.R.},
Title ={Modeling and Measurement Techniques for Evaluation of Design Alternatives in the Implementation of Database Management Software},
Institution ={National Bureau of Standards, US Dep.Commerce (Washington DC). . Special Publication 500-49.},
Year =1979, Category ={DBDschema.6>} }

@inproceedings{Deutsch1980, Author ={Deutsch,L.P.},
Title ={Constraints: A Uniform Model for and Control ,},
Booktitle ={ACM Pingree Park Workshop, Brodie(ed).},
Year =1980, Month =Jun,
Pages ="118--120",
Annote ={at Xerox, PARC/MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab. New paradigm called constraints in which models both data and procedures, the description of procedures minimizes commitment to the order in which computational steps will be executed. Category ={DBDmodel.0> } }

@article{Deutsch1971, Author ={Deutsch,S.B. and Martin,J.J.},
Title ={An Ordering Algorithm for Analysis of Data Arrays},
Journal ={Operations Research,},
Year =1971, Month =Oct,
Pages ="1350--1362",
Volume ="19",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDnewDBMS>} }

@article{Deutscher1975, Author ={Deutscher,R.F., Tremblay,R.P, and P.G.,Sorenson},
Title ={A Comparative Study of Distribution-Dependent and Distribution-Independent Hashing Functions},
Journal ={Dep.Computational Science, Report 75.4,},
Year =1975, Month Mar,
Category ={DBDdesign.7.5.3.2> %Deutscher75} }

@article{Deux1990, Author ={Deux,O., Delobel,C. Dewitt,D., Ioannidis,Y., et al.},
Title ={The Story of O2},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Altair Category ={DBDobject>} }

@techreport{Devanbu1986, Author ={Devanbu,P. and Agrawal,R.},
Title ={Moving Selections into Fixpoint Queries},
Institution ={Draft, rcvd. .},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Annote ={at ATT Bell Labs., (Murray Hill NJ) They show that the Aho/Ullman technique is not as good as one can do. Category ={DBDlogic> DBDtheory, DBfile } }

@article{Devine1984, Author ={Devine,K. and Smith,J.F.},
Title ={Direct File Organization for Lemmatized Text Retrieval},
Journal ={Inf.Tech.Res.Dev.Appl., ; ACM Computing Reviews 8411-0955.},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Pages ="25--32",
Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Annote ={hashing is used. Equivalent words are lemmata. Category ={DBFhash.5> DBFhybrid> } }

@article{Devlin1988, Author ={Devlin,B.A. and Murphy,P.T.},
Title ={An Architecture for a Business and Information System},
Journal ={IBM Systems Journal.},
Year =1988, Pages ="60-80",
Volume ="27",
Number ="1",
Annote ={beyond transaction processing is EBIS Category ={DBDappl> } }

@article{Devor1980, Author ={Devor,C. and Weeldreyer,J.},
Title ={DDTS: A Testbed for Distributed Database Research},
Journal ={Proc.ACM Pacific '80 Conference, San Francisco CA.},
Year =1980, Month =Nov,
Pages ="86--94",
Category ={DBDintegrity.1> DBDdist>} }

@article{Devor1982, Author ={Devor,C., et al.},
Title ={Five-Schema Architecture Extends DBMS to Distributed Applications},
Journal ={Electronic Design.},
Year =1982, Month Mar,
Pages ="27--32",
Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{Devor1982:1, Author ={Devor,C., Elmasri,R., and Rahimi,S.},
Title ={The Design of DDTS: A Testbed for Reliable Distributed Database Management},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 2, Wiederhold(ed), Pittsburgh PA.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul,
Pages ="150--162",
Annote ={at Honeywell, Corporate CSs Ctr (Bloomington MN) The initial design of three modules of DDTS: integrity; distributed execution to support availability of the database; and finally concurrency control, which maintains the consistency of the database. Category ={DBDbound.6> } }

@inproceedings{Devor1981, Author ={Devor,C., ElMasri,R., and Rahimi,S.,},
Title ={Transaction Processing in a Multi-Schema Distributed Database Testbed System},
Booktitle ={TR. HR-81-253:17-38, Honeywell CCSC, Bloomington MN.},
Year =1981, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBFdist> DBFtrans>} }

@techreport{Dewan1985, Author ={Dewan,R. and Gavish,B.},
Title ={Improving Performance of Query Intensive Databases by Denormalization},
Institution ={Un.Rochester, Grad.School of Management, TR.},
Year =1985, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDdesign, DBFile Gavish} }

@article{Dewan1985:1, Author ={Dewan,R.M. and Gavish,B.},
Title ={Models for the Combined Logical and Physical Design of Databases},
Journal ={Un.Rochester, Grad.School of Management, TR.},
Year =1985, Month =Jun,
Annote ={ Given the set of intended transactions, choose the most efficient decomposition of the universal set of attributes. The integrated problem is NP-complete. It is formulated s a O-1 integrer program. Category ={DBDdesign, DBFile Gavish } }

@article{Dewan1989, Author ={Dewan,P., Vikram,A., and Bhargava,B.},
Title ={Engineering the Object-Relation Database Model in O-Raid},
Journal ={Springer Verlag Lecture Notes on Computer Science, Int.Conf.on Foundations of Data Org. and Algorithms 3, (Paris, ), 1989.},
Year =1989, Month =Jun,
Pages ="389--403",
Number ="367",
Annote ={at Purdue Un., DCS SQL++ embedded in C++. ---Gio. Category ={DBDadvDBMS> DBDobject> } }

@article{Dewey1986, Author ={Dewey,A. and Gadient,A.},
Title ={VHDL Motivation},
Journal ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering sign and Test.},
Year =1986, Month Apr,
Pages ="12--16",
Volume ="3",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ describes documentation function in special issue on VHSIC hardware description. Category ={EIS, xissue } }

@article{DeWitt1978, Author ={DeWitt,David J.},
Title ={DIRECT --- A Multiprocessor Organization for Supporting Relational Data Base Management Systems},
Journal ={Un.Wisconsin, Madison, TR.325.},
Year =1978, Month =Jun,
Category ={DBFmach> App.B} }

@techreport{DeWitt1935, Author ={DeWitt,D.J.},
Title ={Query Execution in DIRECT},
Institution ={Un.Wisconsin, Madison, TR.No., 1979.},
Year =1935, Month Mar,
Category ={DBFmach> DBDquery, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1981, Author ={DeWitt,D.J. and Hawthorn,P.B.},
Title ={A Performance Evaluation of Database Machine Architectures},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds).},
Year =1981, Month =Sep,
Pages ="199--215",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, CSD; LBL, Math Dep. (CA) Analytical model of the performance of a conventionl database management system and four generic database machine architectures. Also for several classes of queries certain database machine designs are actually slower than a conventional processor. Category ={DBFmach> DBFhard.2> } }

@book{DeWitt1983, Author ={DeWitt,D.J. and Gardarin,G.},
Title ={Proc.of Annual Meeting SIGMOD 83},
Publisher ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data Record , Database Week, (San Jose CA).},
Year =1983, Month =May,
Volume ="13",
Number ="4",
Category ={DBDintro>} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1984, Author ={DeWitt,D.J., Katz,R.H, Ohlken,F., Shapiro,L.D., Stonebraker,M.R., and Wood,D.},
Title ={Implementation Techniques for Main Memory Databases},
Booktitle ={UCB, Elec.Res.Lab, Memo -5.},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Number ="84",
Category ={DBFsyseval.3, DBfile} }

@techreport{DeWitt1984:1, Author ={DeWitt,D.J., Finkel,R., and Solomon,M.},
Title ={The CRYSTAL Multicomputer: Design and Implementation Experience},
Institution ={Un.Wisconsin, (Madison), CS TR-553.},
Year =1984, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ A good current overview of the Crystal project. The first part reads like the C.mmp retrospective by Wulf [1980] et al. They suffered from the same problems as CMU: small address space, reliability, and they also pushed the software forward to the next stage of problems. Required. ---Miya. Category ={DBDparallel> DBFarch> } }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1985, Author ={DeWitt,D.J. and Gerber.R.},
Title ={Multiprocessor Hash-Based Join Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 11, Stockholm.},
Year =1985, Pages ="151--164",
Category ={DBFmach> DBFhash> DBDrel>} }

@article{DeWitt1985:1, Author ={DeWitt D., Chou,H-T., Katz,R., and Klug,T.},
Title ={Design and Implementation of the Wisconsin Storage System},
Journal ={Software Practice and Experience.},
Year =1985, Month =Oct,
Pages ="943--962",
Volume ="15",
Number ="10",
Category ={DBFhash> DBFhard, DBfile DeWitt} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1986, Author ={DeWitt,D.J., Gerber,R.H., Graefe,G., Heytens,M.L., Kumar,K.B., and Muralikrishna,M.},
Title ={GAMMA --- A High Performance Dataflow Database Machine},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 12.},
Year =1986, Month =Aug,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison. Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1987, Author ={DeWitt,D. and Graefe,G.},
Title ={The EXODUS Optimizer Generator},
Booktitle ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 87.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{DeWitt1990, Author ={DeWitt,D, Ghandeharizadeh,S., Scheider,D, Bricker,A, Hsiano,H-I., and Rasmussen,R.},
Title ={The Gamma Database Machine Project},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering .},
Year =1990, Month Mar,
Volume ="2",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin, Madison relational database machine operating on an Intel iPSC/2 hypercube with 32 processors and 32 disk drives; relations are horizontally partitioned across multiple disk drives; hashing used to implement join and aggregates; dataflow scheduling coordinates multioperator queries. Category ={DBDmach> } }

@inproceedings{Dewitt1990, Author ={Dewitt,D.J., Futtersack,P., Maier,D., and Velez.F.},
Title ={A Study of Three Alternative Workstation-Server Architectures for Object Oriented Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) Conference, Brisbane, Australia, pgs. 107-121.},
Year =1990, Annote ={client / server architecture 3 different approaches to partitioning functionality: - object server: individual objects pass between client and server - page server: a disk page is the unit of transport, server buffers pages - file server: unit is whole page , but accessed directly by client via remote file service (like Sun NFS). object server architecture - advantages: - methods can run both on client/server - efficient. - concurrency control is centralized at server - object-level locking implementation is straight-forward. - disadvantages: - cache miss results in one RPC per object reference - design of server is complicated (must know about methods, objects etc.) page server architecture - advantages: simplifies server design, complexity is in clients, server is free to serve more clients. - disadvantages: methods evaluated only on clients (need to transfer pages to client), object-level locking is difficult to implement file server architecture - advantages: minimizes overhead on server, NFS provides improved rates of data retrieval. - disadvantages: slow NFS writes, need separate lock request messages to server etc. describes prototype architectures, benchmarks, clustering factors, sample query types, performance evaluation results conclusions: - There is no clear winner - page and file server architectures benefit most from clustering - performance of the page- and object-server architectures are very sensitive to degree of clustering and size of server buffer - file-server dominates page server on read-intensive applications, and reverse is true for writes. - object server approach is bad for scanning large data sets, but superior for poorly clustered databases or server buffer is small. - conjectures that a hybrid architecture (read thru NFS, write objects back) may be necessary to maximize overall performance. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1991, Author ={DeWitt,D., Naughton,J., and Schneider,D.},
Title ={An Evaluation of Non-Equijoin Algorithms},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDops>} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1992, Author ={DeWitt,D.J., Naughton,J.F., Schneider,D.A., and Seshadri,S.},
Title ={Practical Skew Handling in Parallel Joins},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 18, Vancouver.},
Year =1992, Month =Aug,
Annote ={does not refer to Shaibal Roy Category ={DBDops> DBDmach> } }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1993, Author ={DeWitt,D., Lieuwen,D., and Mehta,M.},
Title ={Pointer-based Join Techniques for Object-Oriented Databases},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{DeWitt1993:1, Author ={DeWitt,D., Naughton,J., and Burger,J.},
Title ={Nested Loops Revisited},
Booktitle ={PDIS-93, San Diego.},
Year =1993, Month =Jan,
Annote ={at Un.Wisconsin Category ={DBDdist>} }

@inproceedings{deZegherGeets1987, Author ={deZegherGeets,I.M., Freeman,A.G., Walker,M.G., Blum,R.L., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Computer-aided summarization of a time-oriented medical data base},
Booktitle ={KSL TR-KSL-87-18.},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDkb>} }

@inproceedings{deZegherGeets1988, Author ={deZegherGeets,I.M., Freeman,A.G., Walker,M.G., Blum,R.L., and Wiederhold,G.},
Title ={Summarization and Display of On-Line Medical Records},
Booktitle ={M.D. Computing, Springer Verlag.},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="38--46",
Volume ="5",
Number ="3",
Annote ={I3 Category ={MIS> DBDkb>} }

@techreport{deZegherGeets1989, Author ={deZegherGeets,I., Meirlaen,E., and Trinon,J-M.},
Title ={BIM_PROBE: BIM Prolog Object Extension -- System Description},
Institution ={BIM.},
Year =1989, Month Mar,
Annote ={at BIM, (Everberg, Belgium) Probe frame system. Prolog. Category ={DBDlang, DBfile } }

@inproceedings{DiBattista1988, Author ={DiBattista,G., Kangassalo,H., and Tamassia,R.},
Title ={Definition Libraries for Conceptual Modelling},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. . 7, Rome.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{DiBattista1988:1, Author ={DiBattista,G. and Lenzerini,M.},
Title ={Object Modeling Based on Logic},
Booktitle ={Proc.of the Entity-Relationship conference, North-Holland. . 7, Rome.},
Year =1988, Month =Nov,
Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@inproceedings{DiBattista1989, Author ={DiBattista,G. and Lenzerini,M.},
Title ={A Deductive Method for Entity-Relationship Modeling},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) Amsterdam August .},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Un.Roma, Italy Category ={DBDmodel>} }

@techreport{DiBenigno1986, Author ={DiBenigno,M.K., Cross,G.R., and DeBessonet,C.G.},
Title ={COREL --- A Conceptual Retrieval System},
Institution ={ACM Conf.on RD in Inf.Ret..},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Annote ={at Washington State Un. Some artificial intelligence techniques. Knowledge structures are used to index articles of the Civil Code of Louisiana. Each structure represents a legal concept. Category ={DBDbiblio> DBDkb, DBfile Cross } }

@incollection{Dickson1981, Author ={Dickson, Gary W.},
Title ={Management Information Systems: Evolution and Status},
Booktitle ={Advances in Computers.},
Year =1981, Volume ="20",
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Diday1974, Author ={Diday,E., Schroeder,A., and Ok,Y.},
Title ={The Dynamic Clusters Methods in Pattern Recognition},
Journal ={Proc. IFIP Congress, N-H (Amsterdam).},
Year =1974, Category ={DBFtechn.1>%Diday74} }

@inproceedings{Diederich1982, Author ={Diederich,Jim R.},
Title ={Testing and Tuning the VAX-11 DBMS for Order Processing End-Of-Day},
Booktitle ={Proc.DEC Computer Users Society, (Anaheim CA).},
Year =1982, Month =Dec,
Pages ="33--41",
Annote ={ at Distribution Management Systems Inc., (Lexington MA) and UCD Category ={DBDappl> } }

@unpublished{Diederich1987, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={Rapid Prototyping and Software Development in Smalltalk},
Note ={rcvd .},
Year =1987, Month Mar,
Annote ={at UCD, Math.Dep. Category ={DBDimpl, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Diederich1987:1, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={ODDESSY: An Object-Oriented Database Design System},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDobject> DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Diederich1987:2, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={An Object-Oriented Design System Shell},
Booktitle ={Proc. Conf. on Object-Oriented Programming Systems, Languages, and Applications 87.},
Year =1987, Category ={DBDdesign, DBfile} }

@article{Diederich1987:3, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={Experimental Prototyping in SMALLTALK},
Journal ={IEEE Software.},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="50--64",
Volume ="4",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at UCD, Math experience while developing a database design tool. Category ={DBDlang, DBfile } }

@article{Diederich1987:4, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={New Methods and Fast Algorithms for Database Normalization},
Journal ={UCD, Math, revised .},
Year =1987, Month =Jun,
Annote ={Reductions in the number of closures computed. Modify existing algorithms to make the process faster. ---Modell Category ={DBDdesign> DBDmodel, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Diederich1989, Author ={Diederich,J. and Milton,J.},
Title ={Creating Domain Specific Metadata for Scientific Data and Knowledge Bases},
Note ={rcvd. ?},
Year =1989, Annote ={ going beyond pre-defined data models or knowledge based representation paradigms Category ={DBDappl, DBfile } }

@unpublished{Diederich1989:1, Author ={Diederich,J., Fortuner,R., and Milton,J.},
Title ={Building a Knowledge Base for Plant Parasitic Nematodes: Description and Specification of Metadata},
Note ={rcvd. ?},
Year =1989, Category ={DBDappl, DBfile} }

@inproceedings{Diel1988, Author ={Diel,H., Kreyssig,J., Schukat,H., Weber, and Zeidler,H.C.},
Title ={Special Hardware for the Support of File Management and Query Evaluation},
Booktitle ={Intl.Conf.on Data and Knowledge Bases, Jerusalem.3.},
Year =1988, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at IBM, Boeblingen, TU.Braunschweig (FRG) Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Diener1985, Author ={Diener,A., Bragger,R., Dudler,A., and Zehnder,C.A.},
Title ={Replicating and Allocating Data in a Distributed Database System for Workstations},
Journal ={Proc. ACM SIGSMALL.},
Year =1985, Month =May,
Pages ="5--9",
Category ={DBFdist>} }

@article{Diener1985:1, Author ={Diener,A. and Dudler,A.},
Title ={The Integrity Subsystem of a Distributed Database System for Workstations},
Journal ={Proc.ACM C.S. Conf..},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Pages ="364--372",
Category ={DBFdist> DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Diener1986, Author ={Diener,Andreas R.},
Title ={An Architecture for Distributed Databases on Workstations},
Booktitle ={PhD Th. , ETH Zurich, TR-2, 1987.},
Year =1986, Number ="8088",
Annote ={federated systems Knowledge-based tools for database design. Category ={DBDdesign> DBDdist> DBDintegrity> EIS, thesis shelf } }

@article{Diethelm1973, Author ={Diethelm,M.A.},
Title ={A Method for Evaluating Mass Storage Effects on System Performance},
Journal ={See also review by J.S.Pirn, Comp. Reviews,p.872.},
Year =1973, Month =Oct,
Number ="25",
Annote ={at Honeywell, Phoenix A technique to maximize file utilization and a queuing solution. Category ={DBFtechn> } }

@inproceedings{Dietrich1989, Author ={Dietrich,W.C.Jr., Nachman,L.R., and Gracer,F.},
Title ={Saving a Legacy with Objects},
Booktitle ={OOPSLA .},
Year =1989, Pages ="77--83",
Annote ={ Address the problem of having to interface to or build on old systems which cannot be modified or re-created due to their complexity and cost. The paper takes into account that such systems are likely to have been built in conventional languages with limited use of data abstraction or encapsulation. The paper describes how the authors used object-oriented programming to interface to such a system. The problem is relevant to database work because databases are notorious for being `legacies' that must be lived with. ---Paepcke. Category ={DBDobject> } }

@techreport{Dietterich1985, Author ={Dietterich,Thomas G.},
Title ={Constraint Propagation Techniques for Theory-Driven Data Interpretation},
Institution ={PhD Th., Stanford Un..},
Year =1985, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDkb>} }

@book{Dietschmann1983, Author ={Dietschmann(ed)},
Title ={Representation and Exchange of Knowledge as a Basis of Information Processes},
Publisher ={.},
Year =1983, Category ={DBDkb, Z672.5.I58} }

@techreport{Dignum1986, Author ={Dignum,F.P.M.},
Title ={Formalizing Events and Their Effects using Logic},
Institution ={VU (Amsterdam), TR.IR-111.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Update via two new logical operators, add,subtract (+,-), with open world assumption + may create discjunction, --- increases the number of models. With Closed world assumption it all changes. Category ={DBDlogic, DGfile } }

@techreport{Dignum1986:1, Author ={Dignum,F.P.M.},
Title ={Formalizing Events and their Effects Using Logic},
Institution ={VU (Amsterdam), TR-IR-111.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Annote ={at VU (Amsterdam) Update via two new logical operators, add,subtract (+,-), with open world assumption + may create discjunction, --- increases the number of models. With Closed world assumption it all changes. Category ={DBDlogic, DBfile Winslett } }

@techreport{Dignum1989, Author ={Dignum,F.P.M.},
Title ={A Language for Modelling Knowledge Bases},
Institution ={Thesis, Centrale Huisdrukkerij VU},
Year =1989, Month =Dec,
Category ={DBDkb, thesis file} }

@article{Dileva1988, Author ={Dileva,A. and Giolito,P.},
Title ={Information Systems Dynamics Representation in Production Environments},
Journal ={Data and Knowledge Engineering, N-H .},
Year =1988, Volume ="3",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Petri nets at two levels: organization and conceptual. Category ={DBDmodel> DBDkb> } }

@techreport{DiMare1984, Author ={DiMare,Adolfo},
Title ={Secondary Storage Management in PROLOG},
Institution ={Rcvd Sum..},
Year =1984, Category ={DBDkb, DBfile} }

@book{Dinerstein1987, Author ={Dinerstein,Nelson T.},
Title ={dBASE III PLUS for the Programmer},
Publisher ={Scott, Foresman & Co, (Glenview IL), 637pp.; ACM Computing Reviews 8904-0194.},
Year =1987, Annote ={Fair advanced use. Category ={DBDimpl>} }

@inproceedings{Dinsmore1986, Author ={Dinsmore,John},
Title ={Spaceprobe: A System for Representing Complex Knowledge},
Booktitle ={International Symp.on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems; Un.Tennessee.},
Year =1986, Month =Oct,
Pages ="399--407",
Annote ={at Southern Illinois Un., DCS, (Carbondale IL) Counterfactuals. Inference often fails in the counterfactual: Hoover, a communist; context climbing. Category ={DBDkb> KSYS> } }

@inproceedings{Dintelman1984, Author ={Dintelman,S.M. and Maness,A.T.},
Title ={An Implementation of a Query Language Supporting Path Expressions},
Booktitle ={rcvd ?},
Year =1984, Annote ={at LDS Hospital; Un.Utah The query language GENISYS. Link selectors. Category ={DBDquery.3.3> } }

@article{Director1981, Author ={Director,S.W., Parker,A.C., Siewiorek,D.P., and Thomas,D.E.},
Title ={A Design Methodology and Computer Aids for digital VLSI Design},
Journal ={IEEE Trans. Circuits and System, Vol.CAS-28.},
Year =1981, Month =Jul,
Pages ="634--645",
Category ={EIS>} }

@article{Dittrich1985, Author ={Dittrich,K.R. and Lorie,R.A.},
Title ={Version Support for Engineering Database Systems},
Journal ={IBM, TR-RJ4769.},
Year =1985, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Karlsruhe (FRG) Category ={EIS, DBfile} }

@book{Dittrich1986, Author ={Dittrich,K. and Dayal,U.(Eds)},
Title ={Proceedings 1986 International Workshop on Object-Oriented Database Systems},
Publisher ={IEEE CS Order .},
Year =1986, Month =Sep,
Number ="734",
Category ={DBDobject> EIS, x} }

@inproceedings{Dittrich1987, Author ={Dittrich,K.R.},
Title ={Controlled Cooperation in Engineering Database Systems},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 3, Los Angeles.},
Year =1987, Month =Feb,
Category ={DBDdist> EIS>} }

@article{Dittrich1987:1, Author ={Dittrich,K.R., Gotthard,W., and Lockemann,P.C.},
Title ={DAMOKLES -- The Database System for the UNIBASE Software Engineering Environment},
Journal ={Database Engineering.},
Year =1987, Pages ="37--47",
Volume ="6",
Annote ={ at Un.Karlsruhe, Forschungszentrum Informatik, (Karlsruhe FRG) Category ={DEng> } }

@inproceedings{Dias1986, Author ={Dias,D.M., Iyer,B.R., and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={On Coupling Many Small Systems for Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={Proc. 13 Intl. Symp. on Comp. Architecture.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at IBM, TJWRC Category ={DBFtrans , DBfile Yu} }

@inproceedings{Dias1987, Author ={Dias,D., Iyer,B., Robinson,J., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Design and Analysis of Integrated Concurrency-Coherency Controls},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 13, Brighton, UK.},
Year =1987, Month =Sep,
Category ={DBDintegrity>} }

@inproceedings{Dias1988, Author ={Dias,D.M., Iyer,B.R., and Yu,P.},
Title ={Tradeoffs Between Coupling Small and Large Processors for Transaction Processing},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Computers, no.3.},
Year =1988, Month Mar,
Pages ="310-320",
Volume ="27",
Annote ={ best processor sizes in terms of MIPS and mix for responsetime. Category ={DBFtrans> } }

@article{Dias1989, Author ={Dias,D.M., Iyer,B.R., Robinson,J.T., and Yu,P.S.},
Title ={Integrated Concurrency-Coherency Controls for Multisystem Data Sharing},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="437--448",
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at IBM Yorktown shared intermediate memory is used for buffering and for early commit processing; read-write synchronization and write serialization problems; more substantial gains are realized with the use of an integrated concurrency-coherency control protocol Category ={DBFconc> } }

@inproceedings{Diaz1990, Author ={Diaz,O. and Gray,P.},
Title ={Semantic-rich User-defined Relationship as a Main Constructor in Object Oriented Database},
Booktitle ={DS4, Windermere.},
Year =1990, Month =Jul,
Annote ={at Un.Aberdeen Category ={DBDobject>} }

@inproceedings{Diaz1991, Author ={Diaz,O., Paton,N., and Gray,P.},
Title ={Rule Management in Object-Oriented Databases: A Uniform Approach},
Booktitle ={Proceedings of the Conference on Very Large Databases, Morgan Kaufman pubs. (Los Altos CA) 17, Barcelona.},
Year =1991, Month =Sep,
Annote ={ rules are described using attributes and methods; as a result rules can be related to other objects and arranged in hierarchies, can be defined to be triggered by methods attached to rules Category ={DBDobject> } }

@techreport{Diehl1986, Author ={Diehl,R.K., McGhee,R.B., and Zyda,M.J.},
Title ={Two-Dimensional Polygonal Representation of Maps for use with Autonomous Vehicle Route Planning},
Institution ={NPGS, TR.NPS52-86-016.},
Year =1986, Month =Jun,
Annote ={at NPGS, Category ={Image>} }

@book{Diehr1989, Author ={Diehr,George},
Title ={Database management},
Publisher ={Scott, Foresman & Co, 412pp; ACM Computing Reviews 9102-0045.},
Year =1989, Annote ={at Un. Washington, Seattle aimed at future database administrators; illustrates ORACLE and RBASE, numerous charts and tables Category ={DBDintro> } }

@techreport{Dietrich1986, Author ={Dietrich,S.W. and Warren,D.S.},
Title ={Extension Tables: Memo Relations in Logic Programming},
Institution ={Tech.Rep, SUNY-SB, rcvd .},
Year =1986, Month =Jul,
Annote ={ The general idea is that one can save tuples that have been proved during the course of execution of a (side-effect-free) Prolog program. ---jeff Category ={DBDlogic> } }

@article{Diffie1976, Author ={Diffie,W., and Hellman,M.E.},
Title ={New Directions in Cryptography},
Journal ={IEEE Trans. Information Theory, Vol.IT-22 .},
Year =1976, Month =Nov,
Pages ="644--654",
Number ="6",
Category ={DBDprivacy.4> DBFrepresent-5>} }

@article{Diffie1984, Author ={Diffie,W. and Hellman,M.E.},
Title ={An Introduction To Cryptography},
Journal ={Adv. in Data Communications Manag., Slonim, Ungar, and Fisher (Eds.) John Wiley Wiley Sons Publishers, (New York NY), ; ACM Computing Reviews 8602-0125.},
Year =1984, Pages ="55--134",
Volume ="2",
Annote ={at BNR. DES, Public-Key Distribution RSA Public-Key Cryptosystem; Block and Stream Ciphers, Key Management; No references to after 1979. Category ={DBFrepresent> } }

@incollection{Diggory1971, Author ={Diggory,T.J.},
Title ={Management Information Indigestion--A Cure},
Booktitle ={The Business Quarterly..},
Year =1971, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDadmin>} }

@article{Dijkstra1965, Author ={Dijkstra,E.W.},
Title ={Solution of a Problem in Concurrent Programming Control},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , pp.569.},
Year =1965, Month =Sep,
Volume ="8",
Number ="9",
Annote ={at Electrologica, THS Eindhoven Design of interlock for multi-accessed data bases Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Dijkstra1966, Author ={Dijkstra,E.W.},
Title ={The Structure of the THE Multi-programming System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM .},
Year =1966, Month =May,
Pages ="143--346",
Volume ="9",
Number ="3",
Annote ={ Design principles for correct programming systems Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Dijkstra1968, Author ={Dijkstra,E.W.},
Title ={Cooperating sequential processes},
Journal ={Programming Languages, Academic Press (New York NY).},
Year =1968, Pages ="43--112",
Annote ={ Very careful and thoughtful exposition of integrity problem Category ={DBDintegrity> } }

@article{Dijkstra1971, Author ={Dijkstra,E.W.},
Title ={Hierarchial Ordering of Sequential Processes},
Journal ={Acta Informatica, Springer Verlag (Heidelberg, FRG and NewYork NY, USA) Verlag .},
Year =1971, Month =Oct,
Pages ="115--138",
Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Category ={DBFintro.3>} }

@article{dImperio1969, Author ={dImperio,Mary E.},
Title ={Data Structures and Their Representation in Storage},
Journal ={The Annual Review in Automatic Programming, Pergamon Press, Halpern and Shaw(eds).},
Year =1969, Pages ="1--75",
Annote ={System Design Category ={DBFintro>} }

@article{Dimitrov1991, Author ={Dimitrov,B., Khalil,Z., Kolev,N., and Petrov,P.},
Title ={On the Optimal Total Processing Time Using Checkpoints},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1991, Month =May,
Volume ="17",
Number ="5",
Annote ={at Inst.Mathematics, Sofia, Bulgaria Category ={DBDreliab> } }

@inproceedings{Dimitrova1992, Author ={Dimitrova,N. and Golshani,F.},
Title ={EVA: A Query Language for Multimedia Information Systems},
Booktitle ={ WORKSHOP ON MULTIMEDIA INFORMATION SYSTEManagement Science, Journal of TIMS, Tempe, Arizona, 1992.},
Year =1992, Month =Feb,
Annote ={at Arizona State Un; Bull Category ={DBDquery>} }

@article{Dimsdale1973, Author ={Dimsdale,J.J. and Heaps,R.S.},
Title ={File Structure for an On_Line Catalog of One Million Titles},
Journal ={Journal of Library Automation.},
Year =1973, Month Mar,
Pages ="37--55",
Volume ="6",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at Un.Alberta; Sir George William Un. (Montreal) Analytical Description of a file design with direct access to multiple indexes, much implementation detail. Category ={DBFhybrid.6> %Dimsdale73 } }

@article{Dixon1967, Author ={Dixon,P.J. and Sable,J.},
Title ={DM-1, A Generalized Data Management System},
Journal ={Proc. SJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1967, Pages ="185--198",
Volume ="30",
Annote ={at LDS Hospital; Un.Utah (Salt Lake City UT) The query language GENISYS link selectors. Category ={DBDquery.3.3> at Auerbach (Philadelphia PA). Detailed description of hierarchical data base system with schema. Category ={DBDschema.7>%Dixon67 } }

@article{Dixon1967:1, Author ={Dixon,W.J.},
Title ={Use of Displays with Packaged Statistical Programs},
Journal ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS.},
Year =1967, Pages ="481--484",
Volume ="31",
Category ={DBDquery.2.2>} }

@book{Dixon1969, Author ={Dixon, Wilfrid J. and Massey, Frank J.jr.},
Title ={Introduction to Statistical Analysis, 3rd ed.},
Publisher ={MacGraw-Hill (New York NY), 638pp.},
Year =1969, Category ={DBFtechn.0>} }

@manual{DKE1986, Author ={DKE special issue},
Title ={An evaluation of Commercial Expert System Building Tools},
Organization ={Data and Knowledge Engineering, N-H .},
Year =1986, Volume ="1",
Number ="4",
Annote ={ KEE, ART, and Knowledge Craft are compared based on knowledge representation scheme, hypothetical reasoning, reasoning control (data/goal directed), explanation, ease of engineering, etc. ---Xiaolei Category ={DBDkb> } } % ------- DM ------biblio----1949-1991------

@manual{DoD1983, Author ={DoD Computer Security Ctr},
Title ={Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria},
Organization ={Rech.Rep. Fort Meade MD.},
Year =1983, Month =Aug,
Annote ={ The Orange report, follows DoD directive 5215.1. Trusted Computing Base. Defines Minimal, Discretionary, Mandatory, and Verified Protection. Category ={DBFsecurity, xADA shelf } }

@inproceedings{Dodd1966, Author ={Dodd,G.G.},
Title ={APL --- a Language for Associative Data --- Handling in PL/1},
Booktitle ={Proc. FJCC, AFIPS .},
Year =1966, Pages ="677--684",
Volume ="29",
Category ={DBFhybrid.8> %Dodd66} }

@article{Dodd1969, Author ={Dodd,George G.},
Title ={Elements of Data Management Systems},
Journal ={ACM C. Surveys.},
Year =1969, Month =Jun,
Pages ="117--133",
Volume ="1",
Number ="2",
Annote ={ definitions and examples of various file org. methods. Category ={DBFseq> } }

@article{Dogac1980, Author ={Dogac,A. and Ozkarahan,E.A.},
Title ={A Generalized DBMS Implementation on a DaTa Base Machine},
Journal ={ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data , Santa Monica CA, 1980.},
Year =1980, Month =May,
Annote ={ER model Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Dogac1989, Author ={Dogac,A., Yuruten,B., and Spaccapietra,S.},
Title ={A generalized expert system for database design},
Booktitle ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE).},
Year =1989, Month Apr,
Pages ="479-491",
Volume ="15",
Number ="4",
Annote ={at Middle East TU, Ankara three steps: requirements analysis in terms of predefined concepts, translation to a conceptual scheme, production of a final logical scheme; it is menu driven and coded in Prolog ---B.Thalheim. two parts: 1) an expert system for generating methodologies. 2) an expert system for database design menu-driven and coded in Prolog Category ={DBDdesign> } }

@inproceedings{Dohi1982, Author ={Dohi,Y., et al},
Title ={Hardware Sorter and Its Application to Data Base Machines},
Booktitle ={ACM CA-NNP 9.},
Year =1982, Month Apr,
Category ={DBFmach>} }

@inproceedings{Dolby1984, Author ={Dolby,J.L.},
Title ={A Theory of Data: Implications for Information Retrieval},
Booktitle ={Proc.IEEE CS Intl.Conf. on Data Engineering 1, Los Angeles.},
Year =1984, Month Apr,
Annote ={at San Jose State Un. Category ={DBDstat>} }

@techreport{Dolby1985, Author ={Dolby,J.L. and Clark,N.},
Title ={The Language of Data Project},
Institution ={San Jose State Un., Dep.math and CS.},
Year =1985, Annote ={ Project supported by Charlie Smith, System Development Foundation. Category ={DBDstat> DBDquery, DBfile } }

@article{Dolev1982, Author ={Dolev,D.},
Title ={The Byzantine Generals Strike Again},
Journal ={J.of Algorithms.},
Year =1982, Volume ="3",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@inproceedings{Dolev1982:1, Author ={Dolev,D. and Strong,H.R.},
Title ={Distributed Commit with Bounded Waiting},
Booktitle ={IEEE Symp. on Reliability in Distributed Software and Database Systems, IEEE CS 2, Wiederhold(ed), Pittsburgh PA.},
Year =1982, Month =Jul,
Pages ="53--60",
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@inproceedings{Dolev1982:2, Author ={Dolev,D. and Strong,S.},
Title ={Polynomial Algorithms for Multiple Processor Agreement},
Booktitle ={Annual ACM SIGACT Symposium on Theory of Computing 14.},
Year =1982, Pages ="401--407",
Annote ={Byzantine generals Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@article{Dolev1982:3, Author ={Dolev,D. and Reischuk,R.},
Title ={Bounds on Information Exchange for Byzantine Agreement},
Journal ={ACM SIGACT-SIGOPS Symp. on Principles of Distributed Computing 1, SIGACT-SIGOPS, Ottawa.},
Year =1982, Month =Aug,
Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@techreport{Dolev1984, Author ={Dolev,D., Maier,D., Mairson,H. and Ullman,J.},
Title ={Correcting Faults in Write-Once Memory},
Institution ={Stanford Un. CS report STAN-CS-84-999.},
Year =1984, Month =Jan,
Annote ={ a storage device model similar to Optical disc. Pointer codes encoded as trees provide recovery at less cost than Hamming codes. Category ={DBFrepresent.2> DBFhard.1.3, DBfile } }

@techreport{Dolev1985, Author ={Dolev,D. and Strong,H.R.},
Title ={Athenticated Algorithms for Byzantine Agreement},
Institution ={IBM, Res.R. RJ3416.},
Year =1985, Month Mar,
Annote ={at IBM, San Jose, Res.Lab Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5, DBfile } }

@incollection{Dolev1987, Author ={Dolev,D., Lamport,L., Pease,M., and Shostak,R.},
Title ={The Byzantine Generals},
Booktitle ={`Concurrency Control and Reliability in Distributed Systems', Bhargava(ed), Van Norstrand Reinhold (New York NY).},
Year =1987, Pages ="348--369",
Category ={DBDintegrity.2.5>} }

@article{Dolk1983, Author ={Dolk,D.R. and Konsynski,B.R.},
Title ={Knowledge Representation for Model Management Systems},
Journal ={IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering (SE), Vol.SE-10 .},
Year =1983, Month =Nov,
Pages ="619--628",
Number ="6",
Annote ={ FORTRAN and CODASYL based frame system, LP solves the model. Status unclear. Category ={DBDkb> } }

@article{Dolk1985, Author ={Dolk,D.R. and Konsynski,B.R.},
Title ={Model management in organizations},
Journal ={Inf. Manage...},
Year =1985, Month =Aug,
Pages ="35-47",
Volume ="9",
Number ="1",
Category ={DBFmaint>} }

@article{Dolk1987, Author ={Dolk,D.R. and Kirsch,R.A.II},
Title ={A Relational Information Resource Dictionary System},
Journal ={Communications of the ACM , ; ACM CR 8712-1007.},
Year =1987, Month =Jan,
Pages ="48--61",
Volume ="30",
Number ="1",
Annote ={at USNPG Monterey IRDS is a centralized depository of data about all relevant information resources within an organization. Implements close to proposed standards, uses SQL ORACLE. Category ={DBDadmin > DBDschema> DBFmaint> } }

@inproceedings{Donaho1987, Author ={Donaho,J.E.D. and Davis,G.K.},
Title ={Ada-Embedded SQL: The Options},
Booktitle ={ACM Ada letters, Vol.vii .},
Year =1987, Month =May,
Pages ="60--72",
Number ="3",
Annote ={at Sperry, St.Paul MN Problems of three alternatives. Recommends preprocessor. Category ={DBDlang> } }

@techreport{Donahue1985, Author ={Donahue,James and Demers,Alan},
Title ={Data Types are Values},
Institution ={ACM Transactions on Programming La