References for Large-scale Integration and Composition

Started 1992 and last updated by Gio Wiederhold 2 May 1999.

This file aggregates references used with our mediator and mega-programming papers and the like. It is periodically updated. The master copy is located in ~//earth/gio/web/biblio/references.html, also accessible as /u/ftp/public_html/gio/biblio/references.html or
by browsing to
There is also a large, broad-based historical (up to 1992) file at


In this electronic world it is to be expected that many references will be digital as well, some citations here are only available on-line, any URLs though are always suspect. Maybe has archived pages that found to be dead.

Many entries have comments, after the citation and a `='
A @ field in the = section gives the location of the authors.
A =I3= entry indicates general relevance to mediation technology.
A =NII= entry indicates relevance to CS99I.
A =SimQL= entry indicates relevance for simulation access research.
A =SKC= entry indicates relevance to the ontology algebra work.
A =SW= entry indicates relevance for CS446 and mega programming.
A =TIHI= entry indicates relevance to our security and privacy research.


[AAAS:99] National Conversation on NSF Advanced Networking Infrastructure Support;

[AberleEa:96] Denise Aberle, John Dionisio, Michael McNitt-Gray, Rickt Taira, Alfonso Cardenas, Jonathan Goldin, Kathleen Bown , Robert Figlin, and Wesley Chu: "Integrated Multimedia Timeline of Medical Images and data for Thoracic Oncology Patients"; Imaging and Therapeutic Technology, Vol. 16 No.3; May 1996, pp.669-681.

[AbernethyA:98] Neil Abernethy and Russ Altman: SOPHIA: Delivering Ontologies and Knowledge Bases over the Web from a Simple RDBMS; Stanford report SMI-1999-0773, for IEEE Intelligent systems, 1999; in Chaudhri, Borgida, Staudt(eds): 5th International Workshop on Knowledge Representation Meets Databases (KRDB '98), Seattle WA, pp.01-1 - 01-6, 1998. =SKC= Access97 RDBMS storage for hierarchical ontology frames to replace ontolingua. OKBC-like capabilities. Modest performance, but portable. Three main relations frames, hierarchy, class schemas. 100 000 frames required 2 000 000 tuples.

[AbitboulB:86] S. Abiteboul and Bidoit: "Non First Normal Form Relations: An Algebra Allowing Data Restructuring"; Journal of Computer and System Sciences, December 1986.

[AbiteboulHV:94] Serge Abiteboul, Richard Hull, Victor Vianu: Foundations of Databases; Addison-Wesley, 1994 = This database theory book provides a focused presentation of the core material on relational databases, and presents a number of advanced topics in a unified framework. Some of the advanced material has never before been presented in book form. The style is rigorous, with detailed proofs and many exercises. The text and numerous examples highlight the intuition underlying the development. As a textbook, the book is aimed at graduate students and seniors who would use it as the main text in a database theory course, or as complementary material in a database systems course. It can also serve as a reference for database researchers and for other computer scientists interested in databases.

[AbiteboulGPY:96] S. Abiteboul, H. Garcia-Molina, Y. Papakonstantinou, R. Yerneni: "Fusion Query Optimization"; Technical Report, 1996. = TSIMMIS Mediators

[AbiteboulBS:00] Serge Abiteboul, Peter Buneman, aand Dan Suciu: "Data on the Web, From Relations to Semistructured Data and XML"; Morgan Kaufman, 2000. =I3= XML. OEM.

[Abramsky:94] S. Abramsky, D. Gabbay, and T. Maibaum: "Handbook of Logic in Computer Science"; Volume 1, Mathematical Structures, Clarendon Press, Oxford University Press, 1994. =SKC=

[AbrialSM:80] JeanRaymond Abrial, S.A. Schuman, and Bertrand Meyer: Specification Language, On the Construction of Programs, an Advanced Course; Cambridge Un.Press, 1980. =SW=

[Ackerman:94] M.J. Ackerman: "The Visible Human Project": Proc. Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Conf. , SPIE, San Diego CA, 1994. = there should be a better reference soon

[ACM:95] ACM publication Board: "Interim Copyright Policies": Comm. of the ACM, April 1995

[ACM:99] Neal Coulter, et al: ACM Computing Classification System

[AdamW] Adam,N.R. and Wortmann,J.C.: Security-Control Methods for Statistical Databases: a Comparative Study; ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 25 No.4, Dec. 1989. =TIHI=

[Adiba:81] Michel E.Adiba: ``Derived Relations: A Unified Mechanism for Views, Snapshots and Distributed Data"; VLDB 7, Zaniolo and Delobel(eds), Sep.1981, pp.293--305.

[AdlerW:92] P.S.Adler and Terry Winograd: Usabililty; Turning Technology into Tools; Oxford Un. Press, 1992.

[Adobe:99] Adobe Corp.: PDF and Printing;

[AgarwalKSW:95] Shailesh Agarwal, A.M. Keller, K. Saraswat, and G.\ Wiederhold: ``Flexible Relation: An Approach for Integrating Data from Multiple, Possibly Inconsistent Databases" ; Proc. IEEE Data Engineering Conference, Taipei, Taiwan, March 1995.

[Agha:88] Gul Agha: "The Relation between Problems in Large-Scale Concurrent Systems and Distributed Databases": ISPDS, IEEE CS, Austin TX, Dec 1988= at Yale Un. =PARADATA= DBDdist

[AgrawalEa:98] Hira Agrawal et al.: "Mining System Tests to Aid Software Maintenance"; IEEE Computer, vol.31 no.7, July 1998, pp.64-73. =SW= [AgrawalIS:93] Rakesh Agrawal, Tomasz Imielinski, and Arun Swam: "Mining Association Rules Between Sets of Items in Large Databases"; {\sl Proc. ACM SIGMOD Conference}, 1993, pp.207-216.

[AhmedEa:91] R. Ahmed et al.: "The Pegasus Heterogeneous Multidatabase System"; IEEE Computer, Vol.24 No.12, Dec.1991.

[AhrensP:95] Judith D. Ahrens and Noah Prywes: "Transition to a Legacy- and Reuse-Based Life Cycle"; IEEE Computer, Oct 1995, pp.27-36. =SW= maintenance ?

[AllenL:99] Paul Allen and David Liddle: About Interval;, Interval Research Corporation, 1999.

[Alschuler:95] Liora Alschuler: ABCD.. SGML; ITP International Thomson Computer Press. = thorough explanation of SGML and HTML.

[AltmanEa:98] R. B. Altman, M. Bada, X. J. Chai, R. O. Chen, & N. F. Abernethy: Using Ontologies for a Collaborative Scientific Data Resource in Molecular Biology: The RIBOWEB System; Stanford report SMI-98-0729 1998; for IEEE Intelligents Systems. =I3= Ribosome data represented as a actve digital document.

[Amazon:99] Amazon Associates Program

[Amico:98] Art museum image consortium (AMICO): Image collection preservation;

[AndersonJ:87] J.G. Anderson. and S.J. Jay (Eds):. Use and Impact of Computers in Clinical Medicine; : Springer-Verlag, 1987. = This collection of papers presents research on the factors that affect the adoption, diffusion, and utilization of clinical information systems in hospitals. It includes chapters on the attitudes of health professionals toward computers and the probable effects of clinical systems on aspects of medical practice, such as the role of physicians, relations between doctors and patients, and the organization of the health-care-delivery system.

[Andrews:93] Tim Andrews: "Designing Linguistic Interfaces to an Object Database or What do C++, SQL, and Hell have in Common?"; in Database Programming (DBPL-4), edited by C. Beeri, A. Ohori, and D. E. Shasha, Springer-Verlag, 1993, pp. 3-8.

[AndrewsA:87] T. Andrews and C. Andrews: "Combining Language and Database Advances in an Object-Oriented Development Environment"; Proceedings of OOPSLA, Orlando, Florida, 1987.

[AnnasGR:95] Georg J. Annas, Leonard H. Glantz, and Patricia A. Roche: The Genetic Privacy Act and Commentary; Health Law Department, Boston University School of Public Health, February 1995. [AonumaIK:89] Horomi Aonumi, Hiroshi Imai, and Yahiko Kambayashi: "A Visual System of Placing Characters Appropriatly in Multimedia Map Databases", in T.L. Kunii: {\sl Visual Database Systems}, North-Holland 1989, pp.526-546.

[AppelbeA:95] B. Appelbe et al: "Beyond Objects, a Response"; SigSoft Engineering Notes, Vol.20 no.3, July 1995, pp.45-48. =SW

[ArensCHIK:94] Yigal Arens, Chin Chee, Chun-Nan Hsu, Hoh In, and Craig Knoblock: "Query Processing in an Information Mediator"; Proc. ARPA/Rome Laboratory Knowledge-Based Planning and Scheduling Initiative Workshop, Tucson AZ, Morgan Kaufmann, 1994.

[ArensCHK:93] Yigal Arens, C.Y. Chee, C-N. Hsu, and Craig A. Knoblock: "Retrieving and Integrating data from Multiple Information Sources"; Int. J. on Intelligent and Cooperative Information Systems, Vol.2 No.2, 1993, pp 127-158. =I3=

[ArensK:92] Yigal Arens and Craig A. Knoblock: "Planning and Reformulating Queries for Semantically-Modeled Multidatabase Systems"; Proceedings of the First International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), Baltimore, MD, 1992. = Loom mediated, Prodigy (see carbonell) wrappers.

[ArensKS:96] Ygal Arens, Craig Knoblock, and Wei-Min Shen: "Query Reformulation for Dynamic Information Integration"; in Wiederhold (editor): Intelligent Integration of Information, Kluwer Pubs., 1996. =I3=

[Arnold:93] Robert S. Arnold: Software Reengineering; IEEE Press, 1993.

[Arthur:88] Lowell Jay Arthur: Software Evolution: The Software Maintenance Challenge; Wiley, 1988. = Maintenance to increase quality =P[Lisa Camensano 1995] =SW=

[Artur:92] Lowell Jay Artur =Arthur? : Rapid Evolutionary Development, Requirements, Prototyping, and Software Creation; Wiley, 1992. =SW

[AshishK:97] Naveen Ashish and Craig A. Knoblock: "Semi-automatic Wrapper Generation for Internet Information Sources"; Second IFCIS Conference on Cooperative Information Systems (CoopIS), Charleston, South Carolina, 1997 =@ISI, USC. Second IFCIS Conference on Cooperative Information Systems (CoopIS), Charleston, South Carolina, 1997. =I3= Building wrappers for/from WWW sources. Deals with 2 types of sources: 1) Multiple-instance sources (provide info in multiple pages, as CIA World Fact Book or NSF grants database 2) Single-instance sources - information is on 1 page as Yahoo list of countries by region; not with loosely-structured sources. Use lex and yacc to produce a parser of the source pages. Wrapper finds network location of page(s) from URLs. User specifies a mapping for multi-page URLs. Wrapper uses PERL to get pages over web and KQML to communicate with mediator [W.Pollock].

[AtkinsonC:94] Colin Atkinson: Object-oriented Reuse, Concurrency, and Distribution; ACM P 1994?.

[AtkinsonBM:95] M.P. Atkinson, V. Benzaken, and D.Maier (eds.) Persistent Object Systems; Springer-Verlag and British Computer Society, 1995, Workshops in Computing Series, ISBN 3-540-19912-8 = The proceedings of the sixth international workshop on Persistent Object Systems held in Tarascon, France 1994. 29 papers with summaries of sessions and keynote discussions (object store engineering, object caching, concurrency, applications, system evolution, optimization, reflection).

[Auletta:98]Ken Auletta: The Highwaymen: Warriors of the Information Superhighway; 1998. = =TIHI= Security

[ATP:99] NIST Advanced Technology Program; =TT=


[Bach:94] James Bach: Process Evolution in a Mad World; Borland International, Scotts Valley CA, 1993.

[Backup:99] Backup:The #1 Online Backup Service;, San Diego CA, 1999,

[Baker:94] Nicholson Baker: ``DisCards"; The New Yorker Magazine, 4 April 1994, pp. 64--86.

[Baker:98] Thomas Baker : "Languages for Dublin Core:"; D-Lib Magazine, 1998, http://cnri.dlib/december98-baker

[BalEa:98] Henri E. Bal, Raoul Bhoedjang, Rutger Hofman, Ceriel Jacobs, Koen Langedoen, Tim Ruehl, and M.F. Kashoek: Performance evaluation of the ORCA shared-object System"; ACM Trans.Comp.Sys., Vol.16 No.1, Feb.1998, pages 1-40. =SW= Since ORCA objects reside in a distributed shared memory system, it is intended for modules sharing a memory bus and having a high degree of consistency.

[BaraaniPSG:95] Ahmed Baraani-Dasterdji, Josef Pieprzyk, Reihaneh SafaviNaini, and Janusz R. Getta: "A Cryptographic Mechanism for Object-Instance-based Authorization on Object-Oriented Database Systems"; in Papazoglou (ed.) OOER'95, Springer LCNS No.1021, 1995, pp.44-54. =TIHI=

[BarkerO:89] V.E. Barker and D.E. OConnor: ``Expert Systems for Configuration at Digital: XCON and Beyond''; Comm.ACM, Vol.32 No.3, Mar.1989, pp.298--318.

[Barkley:95] John Barkley: Role-based Access Control for the WWW;, 1995. =TIHI , RBAC provides an administrator's view of organization and its policies.

[Barnhart:94] Andy Barnhart: "Component-based solutions with OLE 2.0"; Software Development, Vol.2 No.9, Sept. 1994,page 47-51.

[BarrT:94] Avron Barr and Shirley Tessler: Software Industry Study; Stanford Computer Industry Project">(SCIP), Stanford 1994.

[Barsalou:88] Thierry Barsalou: ``An Object-based Architecture for Biomedical Expert Database Systems"; SCAMC 12, IEEE CS Press, 1988.

[BarsalouCW:89] Thierry Barsalou, R. Martin Chavez, and Gio Wiederhold: "Hypertext Interfaces for Decision-Support Systems: A Case Study"; Proc IFIP MEDINFO 89, Beijing and Singapore, Dec. 1989, pages 126 to 130 (received gold medal); also Stanford KSL Report 89-03, Jan. 1989.

[BarsalouW:89] Thierry Barsalou and Gio Wiederhold: ``Knowledge-directed Mediation Between Application Objects and Data"; Proc. Working Conf. on Data and Knowledge Integration, Univ. of Keele, England, 1989, Pittman Pub.

[BarsalouW:90] T. Barsalou and G. Wiederhold: ``Complex Objects For Relational Databases''; Computer Aided Design, Vol. 22 No. 8, Buttersworth, Great Britain, October 1990.

[BarsalouSKW:91] T. Barsalou, N. Siambela, A. Keller, and G. Wiederhold: ``Updating Relational Databases through Object-Based Views''; ACM SIGMOD Conf. on the Management of Data 91, Boulder CO, May 1991.

[BarsalouSHW:92] T. Barsalou, W. Sujansky, L.A. Herzenberg, and G. Wiederhold: "Management of Complex Immunogenetics Information Using an Enhanced Relational Model"; IMIA Yearbook in Medical Informatics, International Medical Informatics Association, 1992.

[Basili:88] V.R. Basili and H.D. Rombach: "The Tame Project: Towards Improvement-Oriented Software Environments"; IEEE Trans SE, vol.SE14, 1988, pages 758-773. =SW=

[Basili:90] Victor Basili: "Viewing Maintenance as Reuse-Oriented Software Development"; IEEE Software, Vol.7 No.1, Jan. 1990, pp.19-25.

[Bassett:98] P. Bassett: "Managing for Flexible Software Manufacturing"; IEEE Computer, Vol.31 no.7, July 1998. = The article discusses reuse, the reason why it does not happen, and proposes some general remedies: management, architecture, infrastructure [Beringer].

[BBN:81] BBN: A History of the ARPANet, The First Decade report 4799, Bolt Beranek and Newman, Cambridge MA, 1981.

[BeckCT:93] Howard Beck, Ken Currie and Austin Tate: A Domain Description Language for Job-Shop Scheduling; Un. of Edinburgh AIAI-TR-137 October 1993; =SW=

[BeckEa:94] J. Robert Beck et al: Policy Forum; JAMIA. Vol.1 No.4, July/August 1994, pp. 313-324. =TIHI= Special issue on Privacy and Security in Healthcare.

[BeeriR:87] C. Beeri and R. Ramakishnan: ``On the Power of Magic"; ACM-PODS, San Diego, Mar.1987.

[Beizer:90] B. Beizer: Software Testing Techniques; Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1990.

[Belady:91] Laszlo A. Belady: "From Software Engineering to Knowledge Engineering: The Shape of the Software Industry in the 1990's"; International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol.1 No.1, 1991. =SW= Type A and type B programers

[Bellovin:97] Steven M. Bellovin: "Network and Internet Security"; in Peter Denning and Dorothy Denning, eds.: Internet Besieged: Countering Cyberspace Scofflaws, ACM Press, 1997. =TIHI=

[Bellovin:96] Steven M. Bellovin: "Network Security Issues"; in A. Tucker, ed., CRC Computer Science and Engineering Handbook, CRC Press, 1996. =TIHI=

[Bellovin:95] Steven M. Bellovin, "Security and Software Engineering"; in B. Krishnamurthy, editor: Practical Reusable UNIX Software, John Wiley & Sons, 1995. =TIHI=

[Behrens:97]. Cliff Behrens: "USDAC's Prototype Catalog and Data Access System"; Information Technology Workshop 1, Earth & Space Data Computing Division (ESDCD), Code 930, Earth Sciences Directorate NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Greenbelt MD 20771 USA,

[Belady:91] Laszlo A. Belady: "From Software Engineering to Knowledge Engineering: The Shape of the Software Industry in the 1990's"; International Journal of Software Engineering and Knowledge Engineering, Vol.1 No.1, 1991.

[BeringerTJW:98] Dorothes Beringer, Catherine Tornabene, Pankaj Jain, and Gio Wiederhold: "A Language and System for Composing Autonomous, Heterogeneous and Distributed Megamodules"; DEXA International Workshop on Large-Scale Software Composition, August 98, Vienna, Austria,

[BerleantB:94] Dan Berleant and Hal Berghel: ``Customizing Information''; IEEE Computer; Vol.27 Nos.9,10, Sep., Oct. 1994, pages 96--98, 76--78.

[BernersLeeCGP:92] T. Berners-Lee, R. Cailliau, J. Groff, and B. Pollermann: ``WorldWideWeb: The Information Universe"; Electronic Networking: Research, Applications and Policy; Vol.1 No.2, 1992, pages 52-58. =I3= =NII=

[BernersLee:94] Tim Berners-Lee: RFC 1738: Uniform resource Locators;, Dec.1994. =I3= =NII= URL specification.

[BertinoBFS:96] Elisa Bertino, Claudio Bettini; Elena Ferrari; Pierangela Samarati: "Supporting Periodic Authorization and Temporal Reasoning in Database Access Control"; VLDB 96. = constraint rules useful for =TIHI=.

[Berzins:95] Valdis Berzins (ed.): Software Slicing and Merging; IEEE CS books, 1995. Methods for re-enginering legacy programs. =SW= .

[Betz:94] M. Betz: "Interoperable Objects"; Dr. Dobbs Journal, Vol.19 no.11, pp.18 af. = OLE vs. OpenDoc =SW=

[Beyerchen:92] Alan D. Beyerchen: "Clausewitz, Nonlinearity and the Unpredictability of War'; International Security, vol.17 no.3, Winter 1992, pp.59-90; reprinted in [Czerwinski:98]. = limitations of prediction: linear assumptions: proportionality and additivity of effects. =SimQL=

[BhatnagarK:86] Bhatnagar and L.N. Kanal: "Handling Uncertain Information: A Review of Numeric and Non-numeric Methods"; in Kanal and Lemmer(eds.): Uncertainty in AI, North-Holland publishers, 1986. = SimQL

[Bhimani:96] Anish Bhimani: "Securing the Commercial Internet"; Comm.ACM, March 1996. = barrier to internet commerce and virtual enterprises in security. =TIHI=

[Biefeld:90] E. Biefeld, and Cooper, L.: Operations mission planner; Technical Report. JPL 90-16, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 1990.=SKC=

[Binder:99] Robert Binder: Testing Object-Oriented Software: Models, Patterns, and Tools; Addison-Wesley, Booch, Rumbaugh Jacobson Series, 1999. =SW=

[Binder:95] Robert Binder: Trends in Testing Object-Oriented Software; IEEE Computer,V ol.28 no.10, Oct.95, pp-68-68. @RBSC Corp. =SW=

[Binder:94] Robert Binder: "Object-Oriented Software Testing"; special topic issue, Comm.ACM, Vol.37 No.9, Sept. 1994.

[Binstock:94] Andrew Binstock: "Objectively Speaking"; Unix Review, June 1994, page 7. =editorial on limited success of OO SW paradigm. =SW=

[BlakeBT:92] G.E.Blake, T.Bray, and Frank W.Tompa, ``Shortening the OED: Experience with a Grammar-Defined Database''; ACM Trans. Information Sys., Vol.10 No.3, July 1992, pp. 213-232. =SKC=

[BlakeleyCL:89] J.A. Blakeley, N. Coburn, and P. Larson: "Updating Derived Relations: Detecting Irrelevant and Autonomously Computable Updates"; ACM Transactions on Database Systems, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1989, 369-400.

[BlakeleyLT:86] J. Blakely, P. A. Larson, and F. W. Tompa: "Efficiently Updating Materialized Views"; ACM SIGMOD, Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Washington, D.C., May 1986, 61-67.

[BlakeleyMG:93] J. Blakeley, W. McKenna, G. Graefe. "Experiences Building the Open OODB Query Optimizer"; ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, Washington, D.C. May 1993.

[Blakeley:94] J. Blakeley, "OQLC++: Extending C++ with an Object Query Capability"; in Won Kim (ed.): Modern Database Systems: The Object Model, Interoperability, and Beyond, Addison Wesley/ACM Press, 1994.

[Blum:82] Robert L. Blum: Discovery and Representation of Causal Relationships from a Large Time-Oriented Clinical Database: The RX Project; Springer Verlag, Lecture Notes in Medical Informatics, no.19, 1982.

[Blum:92] Bruce Blum: Software Engineering, A Holistic Approach; Oxford Un. Press, 1992. = This philosophical but unbiased textbook on software engineering was written by a practioner who has had substantial experience developing clinical applications. It covers the system-development process, data-flow diagrams, and structured-coding technique

[Blum:96] Bruce Blum: Beyond Programming; Oxford Un.Press, 1996. =SW+

[Boehm:84] Barry W. Boehm: ``Software Engineering Economics"; IEEE Trans. Software Eng., Vol.10 No.1, Jan.1984, pp.4--21. =SW=

[BoehmEa:91] Barry Boehm et al.:Department of Defense, Software Strategy (draft); prepared for the Director of Defense Research and Engineering, Dec 1991. =SW= Reuse oriented, includes economic models. In Gio's office =SW=

[BoehmS:92] Barry W. Boehm and William Scherlis: "Megaprogramming (preliminary version)"; Proc. DARPA Software Technology Conference April 1992, Los Angeles CA, April 28-30, Meridien Corp., Arlington VA 1992, pp 68-82. Meridien, 1992, pp 68-82. =SW= see Tracz for reference.

[BoehmEa:98] Barry Boehm, A. Egyed, J. Kwan, D. Port, A. Shah, and R. Madachy: "Using the WinWin Spiral Model: A Case Study"; IEEE Computer, Vol.31 No.7, July 1998, pp.33-44. =SW= short note concerning WinWin Spiral Model, more on experiences in student projects; WinWin seems quite interesting. The WinWin Spiral Model has mainly the following two add-ons to the classical spiral model: 1) additional activities at the beginning of each spiral cycle 2) process anchor points [Beringer].

[Boehm:99] Barry Boehm: "Managing Software Productivity and Reuse"; USC SW institute, July 1999; to appear as an IEEE Computer column; . =SW=

[Booch:94] Grady Booch: Object-Oriented Design with Applications, 2nd Ed.; Benjamin-Cummins, 1994. =SW= An introduction to Object-oriented Programming, by one of its chief proponents and tool builders.

[Boose:86] Boose, J.H.: "Rapid acquisition and combination of knowledge from multiple experts in the same domain"; Future Computing Systems Journal, Vol.1, 1986, pp.191-216. =on consensus knowledge acquisition:

[BowmanSMS:94] C. Mic Bowman, Peter B. Danzig, Udi Manber, and Michael F. Schwartz, 1994. "Scalable Internet Resource Discovery: Research Problems and Approaches"; Comm. ACM, Vol.37 No.8, pp. 98-107, August 1994.

[Boose:86] J.H. Boose: "Rapid acquisition and combination of knowledge from multiple experts in the same domain"; Future Computing Systems Journal, 1, 191-216. = on consensus knowledge acquisition:

[BoraG84] H. Boral and I. Gold: "Towards a Self-Adapting Centralized Concurrency Control Algorithm"; ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Boston MA, May 1984.

[BorensteinF:93] Nathaniel Borenstein and Ned Freed: MIME (Multipupose Internet Mail Extension; TR Sep. 1993.

[BowmanEa:94] C. Mic Bowman, Peter B. Danzig, Darren R. Hardy, Udi Manber and Michael F. Schwartz: ``The HARVEST Information Discovery and Access System''; Proceedings of the Second International World Wide Web Conference, Chicago, Illinois, October 1994, pages 763--771. Available from

[Brachman:91] R. J. Brachman, D. McGuinness, P. Patel-Schneider, A. Borgida: and L. Resnick: "Living with CLASSIC: When and how to use a KL-ONE-like language". In J. Sowa"; (ed.), Principles of Semantic Networks, pages 401-456. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo, Cal: 1991.=SKC=

[Brill:93] D. Brill: LOOM Reference Manual; Version 2.0: USC/ISI: 4676 Admiralty Way: Marina del Rey: CA 90292: 1993.=SKC=

[Brockschmidt:94] Kraig Brockschmidt: Inside OLE 2; Microsoft Press, 1994, 977pp.

[BrodieMS:86] M. Brodie, J. Mylopoulos, and J. Schmidt (eds.): On Knowledge Base Management Systems: Integrating Artificial Intelligence and Database Technologies; Springer Verlag, June 1986.

[BrodieS:95] Michael Brodie and Michael Stonebraker (eds): Migrating Legacy Systems; Morgan Kaufman, 1995.

[Brown:93] George Brown: "Can Scientists Make Change Their Friend'; Scientific American, june 1993, page 151. = warning on being relevant, by the chair of the House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology

[BukhresE:95] O. Bukhres and A. Elmagarmid: Objrct-oriebted Mukltidatabase Systms; Prentice Hall 1995

[Braithwaite:96] Bill Braithwaite: "National health information privacy bill generates heat at SCAMC"; Journal of the American Informatics Association, Vol.3 no.1, 1996, pp.95-96. =TIHI=

[Brown:95] D. Brown: "Design of a Highly Available Switching Platform Employing Commercial Components"; Proc. ICC 95 - International Communication Conference, Hamburg Germany 1995. = HRP, an AT&T CLOS-written system for high-reliability multi-processing. =SW=

[BuchananEa:90] B.G. Buchanan, D. Bobrow, R. Davis, J. McDermott, and E.H. Shortliffe: ``Knowledge-Based Systems''; J.Traub (ed.): Annual Review of Computer Science; 1990, Vol.4, pp. 395--416.

[BukhresE:95] O. Bukhres and A. Elmagarmid: Object-oriented Multidatabase Systms; Prentice Hall 1995 =SW=

[Burgess:94] Lisa Burgess: "New Software Gives Commander Control of Radio Codes"; Defense News, 21Feb1994.

[BullDPR:87] M. Bull, R. Duda, D. Port, and J. Reiter: ``Applying Software Engineering Principles to Knowledge-Base Development"; Proc. Expert Systems and Business 87, NY, Learned Information, Meadford NJ, Nov.1987, pp.27--37.

[Burnstein:96] M. Burnstein & D. Smith: "ITAS: A Portable Interactive Transportation Scheduling Tool Using a Search Engine Generated from Formal specifications"; in B. Drabble (ed.): Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems, AAAI Press: 1996.=SKC=

[Bush:45] Vannevar Bush: ``As We May Think''; Atlantic Monthly, Vol.176 No.1, 1945, pp.101--108;

[Bush:93] Randy Bush: "FIDONet: Technology, Tools, and History"; Comm.ACM, Vol.36 No.8, August 1993, pp.31:35. = history, politics, and use of a user initiated-network

[ButterworthOS:91] Paul Butterworth, Allen Otis, and Jacob Stein: "The Gemstone Object DBMS"; ?? pp.50-63

[BuvacM:98] Sasa Buvac and John McCarthy: Combining Planning Contexts; Stanford University, Formal AI group, 1998, =SKC=


[Cairncross:97] Frances Cairncross: The Death of Distance; How the Communications Revolution Will Change Our Lives; Harvard Business School Press, 1997. =I3=

[CallahanR:81] M.V. Callahan and P.F. Rusch: ``Online implementation of the Chemical Abstracts SEARCH file and the CAS Registry Nomenclature File"; Online Rev., Vol.5 No.5, Oct.1981, pp.377-393.

[CallahanP:91] J. Callahan and J. Purtilo: "A packaging system for heterogeneous execution environments"; IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, Vol. 17, (1991), pp. 626-635.= Polylith UMD

[CaludeMS:94] C. Calude, H. Maurer, A. Salomaa: ``J.UCS: The Journal for Universal Computer Science and its Applications to Teaching"; Symposium Didaktik der Mathematik, Klagenfurt, Schriftenreihe Didaktik der Mathematik, 1994.

[CarbonellKM:91] Jiame Crabonell, Craig Knoblock, and Steven Minton: "PRODIGY: an integrated Architecture for Planning and Learning"; in VanLehn (ed):Architecture for Intelligence, Lawrence Erlbaum pubs, 1991, pp.241-278.

[CareyFLS91] M. Carey, M. Franklin, M. Livny, and E. Shekita: Data Caching Tradeoffs in Client-Server DBMS Architecture; ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Denver, CO, May 1991, 357-366.

[CareyHMW:96] Michael Carey, Laura Haas, Vivek Maganty, John Williams: "Pesto: An integrated Query/Browser for Object Databases"; Proc. VLDB 96, Morgan Kaufman, 1996, pp.203-214.

[Cargill:89] Carl Cargill: Information Technology Standardization: Theory, Process, and Organizations; Digital Press, 1989.

[Carlson:92] A. Carlson: Penguin System Internal Maintenance Specifications; unpublished document, Stanford, October 1992. = put it on a web page, so people can get to it.

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[ChavezTW:98] Andrea Chavez, Catherine Tornabene, and Gio Wiederhold: "Software Component Licensing Issues: A Primer; IEEE Software, Vol.15 No.5, Sept-Oct 1998, pp.47-52. =I3=

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[CIA:97] Central Intelligence Agency: CIA Factbook; 1997, =SKC=

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[Clearwater:96] Scott H. Clearwater (Ed.): Market-Based Control : A Paradigm for Distributed Resource Allocation; World Scientific Pub, March 1996, ISBN: 9810222548. =SimQL= Market-Based Control is a paradigm for controlling complex systems that would otherwise be very difficult to control, maintain, or expand. The purpose of this volume is to illustrate the utility of market-based control through a series of papers focusing on different applications. A wide range of fields have provided motivation for these works include decentralization, interacting agents, and some notion of a resource that needs to be allocated. The papers span a range including theoretical considerations, simulations, and implementations.

[CNRI:99] Corporation for National Research Initiatives; =I3=

[CoC:90] Council on Competetiveness: Gaining New Ground: Technology Priorities for America's Future; 1990

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{CohenEa:98] Paul Cohen, Robert Schrag, Eric Jones, Adam Pease, Albert Lin; Barbara Starr, david Gunning, and Murray Burke: "The DARPA High-Performance Knowledge bases Project"; AI Magazine, Winter 1998, AAAI, pp.25-49.

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[ColeEa:95] WG Cole, DD Sherertz, MS Tuttle, GT Hsu, LM Fagan, RW Carlson: "Semantic visualization of oncology knowledge sources"; Proc Annu Symp Comput Appl Med Care; 1995, pp.67-71. = LXT, SKC

[ColemanALO:94] Don Coleman, Dan Ash, Bruce Lowther, and Paul Oman: "Using Metrics to Evaluate Software Systems Maintainability"; IEEE Computer, Vol.27 No.8, Aug.1994, pp.44-49. =SW= Importance for Hewlett-Packard. Categorization of tasks: Corrective, Adaptive, and Perfective. References to 5 models, but only an HP 3-dimensional (control structure, info. structure, typography) one is evaluated, module by module, versus the assessments of SW engineers.

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[Connolly:97] Dan Connolly (ed.): XML: Principles, Tools, and Techniques; O'Reilly, 1997; reprint of World Wide Web Journal, Vol.2 No.4, 1996.

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[Cooper:95] Cooper-Jones (caton?): Software Productivity measurement = See =P[Emrich:96] presentation at EBDT'96 Productivity C- Cobel=2x; Cobol - Smalltalk 2x ; Smalltalk - reusable objects 2x.

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[Cox:94] Brad Cox: ``Superdistribution''; Wired, Idea Fortes section, Sep. 1994, The Coalition On Electronic Markets''; George Mason Un., Fairfax VA, 1994

[Cox:94] Brad Cox: The Coalition On Electronic Markets;

[Cox:90] Brad Cox "Planning the Software Industrial Revolution"; IEEE Software, Nov.1990, pp 25-33= Brad is now into revenue on-line collection for SW Use, recent work on 1993 ACM SIGSOFT Symposium, (chaired by Barry Boehm) =get

[Craig:91] Iain Craig: The Formal Specification of Advanced Problem-solving Architectures; Ellis Horwood, Chichester, UK, 1991. Contains Z specifications of a blackboard system and the sequential component of a CASSANDRA system. A number of interesting properties are proved for blackboard systems. The book provides as a semantics for CASSANDRA systems.

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[Cronin:??] May J. Cronin: Doing Business on the Internet; VanNostrand Reinhold (800 842-3636) = for business users.

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[Cuppens:96] Frederic Cuppens: "Querying a Multi-level Database: A Logical Analysis"; VLDB 96, pp.484-494,. = MLS query infrence, combines view approach of =P[SmithW:92] Winslett; with trusted overrides. Lower level queries, in case of contradiction, become cover stories. Ordering by need-to-know topics. Can lead to policy differences. Also reviews =P[Lunt:91]; =P[Spalka:94], =P[SandhuJ:92] Jojodia. Plyinstatiation to inhibit signalling or to support cover stories. TIHI=.

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[Curtis:85] B. Curtis: Human Factors in Software Development; IEEE CS Press, 1985. =SW=

[Cuthbert:99] Adrian Cuthbert: "OpenGIS: Tales from a Small Market Town"; in Vckovski, Brassel, and Schek: Interoperating Geographic Information Systems, Springer LNCS 1580, 1999, pp.17-28. =I3=

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[CypherST:99] Allen Cypher, David Canfield Smith, Larry Tesler: Visual Interactive Simulations; Stagecraft Software, Inc., Palo Alto, CA;, 1999. =I3=

[Czerwinski:98] Tom Czerwinski: Coping with the Bounds, Speculations on Nonlinearity in Military Affairs; CCRP, NDU, 1998


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[DampierB:94] Dave Dampier and Valdis Berzins: "Software Change-Merging in Dynamic Evolution"; NPGS workshop Proceedings 1994.= also see WS 1993 proceedings, slicing of a piece of a program, modifying it, and then prove that 'affected' behavior of the slice is invariant when re-merging. Permits merging of versions. =SW=

[DampierLB:94] David Dampier, Luqi, and Valdis Berzins: "Automated Merging of Software Prototypes"; Journal of Systems Integration; Vol.4, 1994, pp.33-49. =SW=

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[DateD:93] C.J. Date and Hugh Darwen: A Guide to the SQL Standard, 3rd ed; Addison Wesley, June 1993.

[Davenport:92?] Tom Davenport: "Reinventing Industry through Information Technology" =@Ernst and

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[DeanW:91] Thomas Dean and Michael Wellman: Planning and Control; Morgan Kaufmann, 1991.

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[DeChampeuxLF:93] Dennis deChampeaux, Douglas Lea, Penelope Faure: Object-Oriented System Development; Addison-Wesley, HP series, 1993. =SW= @HewlettPackard

[DegouletEa:94] Patrice Degoulet et al.: The HELIOS European Project on Software Engineering; = collection of papers about a Software Engineering Environment for Medical applications. Copy in Gio's office. =SW= @ Broussais Un.Hospital Paris,Med.Inf.Dept, Paris 75014, France

[DeGraceS:93] Peter DeGrace and Leslie Hulet Stahl: The Olduvai Imperative: CASE and the State of Software Engineering Practice; PrenticeHall, 1993. = Software Engineering compared to the organization of work and tools in greece (individual) versus rome (managed). =SW=

[DeGraceS:95] Peter DeGrace and Leslie Hulet Stahl: Wicked Problems, Righteous Solutions; 1995? . = Lighthearted critique of SW development models. =SW=

[DeJesus:95] Edmund DeJesus: "Big OOP, no Ooops"; Byte; Aug.1995, pp.74-78. =infomercial for Shlaer-Mellor method wrt. to Life-cycle =P[Sosa:95]=SW=

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[DenningD:97] Peter Denning and Dorothy Denning (eds.): Internet Besieged: Countering Cyberspace Scofflaws, ACM Press, 1997. =TIHI=

[DenningM:97] Peter Denning and Bob Metcalfe (eds): Beyond Computation; ACM, 1997. =I3=

[DeRoseD:94] De Rose and Durand: Making Hypertext Work; Kluwer 1994 = description of HMTL and HyTime.

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[diPaolo99] Andy diPaolo: Stanford on Demand; The Stanford Center for Professional Development;, 1999. =I3= =NII=

[DISA:94] DISA TRIK?: Technical Reference for Evaluation of Standards; . =SW=

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[Dodson:95] Donna Dodson: Minimum Interoperability Specification for PKI Components"; 1996. =SW= MEGA

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[DolinEa:98] R.H. Dolin, S.M. Huff, R.A. Rocha, K.A. Spackman, and K.E. Campbell: "Evaluation of a 'Lexically Assign, Logically Refine' Strategy for Semi-automated Integration of Overlapping Terminologies"; Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, Mar/Apr 1998. =In this paper, the authors describe their use of a hybrid combination of lexical and logic based strategies to merge terms from two ontologies. The two ontologies are SNOMED (Systemized Nomenclature of Human and Vetinary Medicine) and LOINC (Logical Obse rvation Identifier Names and Codes). SNOMED provides, among other things, a hierarchical classification of laboratory procedures without detailed laboratory terms which are necessary for reporting laboratory information. LOINC contains test result ident ification codes suitable for standardized reporting of laboratory information. Thus, there was much to be gained from merging both data models. The authors started with lexical techniques to merge the terms. To derive the terms to be compared, each string was first normalized. The normalization process involved breaking each string into its constituent words, lower-casing the words, removing pu nctuation, expanding abbreviations, substituting preferred terms for synonyms , etc. Following this process, LOINC concepts were put into appropriate locations in the SNOMED hierarchy. Logic-based techniques were then used to define the concepts and to map and classify terms based on the term definitions [D.Verheijen] =SKC=. The authors believe (and I concur) that their strategy works well if terminologies from both ontologies can be logically defined using the same model. Also, the availability of an existing value restrictions drawn From the SNOMED hierarchy allowed for a highly automated process of merging the terms. Thus, their strategy may not work as well for other merging efforts.

[Dorfman:91] P. Dorfman: "FuNeGen 1.0 "; The Molloy Group, Parsippany, NJ, 1996.=SKC=

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[Dykstra:79] Edsger W. Dijkstra: A Discipline of Programming; Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J, 1979. ISBN 0-13-215871-X =Zaki hasan: This is one of the classics of computer programming Dijkstra's theme is a rigorous and methodical way of developing (small) programs. One of his ideas is that it pays to view a program text as a mathematical object rather than as a sort of machine. Some people dislike his approach because it is so "mathematical", but if you have trouble handling formulas you are in the wrong business and if you don't like a logical view of programs Prolog is not for you. Dijkstra's methods are developed for an imperative language with 'dont-care nondeterminism'. The approach carries over very will indeed to Prolog. =SW=

[Dyson:95] Esther Dyson: "Intellectual Value"; Wired, Vol.3 No.7 July 1995, pp.136-141,182-184.= An article on the diminishing value of contents

[Dyson:97] Esther Dyson: Release 2.0: A Design for Living in the Digital Age; Broadway Books, 1997. =I3=


[ECMA:93] ECMA TC33: Portable Common Tools Environment (PCTE), 1992.

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[EmbleyKW:92] David W. Embley, B.D. Kurtz, and Scott N. Woodfield: Object-Oriented System Analysis: A Model Driven Approach; Yourdon series, Prentice-Hall, 1992. =for recent work by Stephen Liddle see =SW=

[EMS:94] Charta of Free Electronic Access to Publications; European Mathematical Society, Dec.1994, at [].

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[Esculier:89] Christian Esculier: Introduction a la Tolerance Semantique; PhD thesis, Un.Joseph Fournier, Grenoble, 1989.

[ESPRIT:99] Esprit, the EU information technologies programme; =I3= =TT=

[Esprit:93] Esprit Consortium AMICE: CIMOSA: Open System Archiecture for CIM; Revised and extended edition; Springer 1993.= 18 companies. Ed Beadle, cons.director, British Aerospace plc =SW=

[EswaranGLT76] K.P. Eswaran, J.N. Gray. R.A. Lorie, and I.L. Traiger. The Notion of Consistency and Predicate Locks in Database System. Communications of the ACM, Vol 19, No. 11, November 1976, 624-633.


[Faloutsos:85] Christos Faloutsos: "Access Methods for Text"; ACM Computing Surveys, Vol.17 no.1, Mar.1985, pp.49--74. = DBDbiblio

[FaloutsosEa:94] C. Faloutsos, R. Barber, M. Flickner, J. Hafner, W. Niblack, D. Petrovic, and W. Equitz: ``Efficient and Effective Querying by Image Content"; Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Vol. 3, 1994, pages 231--262.

[FeigenbaumWRS:95], Edward Feigenbaum, Gio Wiederhold, Elaine Rich, and Michael Harrison: Advanced Software Applications in Japan; Noyes Publications, 1995. =I3=

[FenselDES:98] Dieter Fensel, Syefan Dekker, Michael Erdman, and Rudi Studer: "Ontobroker, Or how to Enable Intelligent Access to the WWW"; 11th workshop on Knowledge Acquisition, Modelimg, and Management (KAW'98), Banff April 1998. =SKC= =I3= Web pages are annoted by their registered providers, using a defined ontology, to have consistent access.

[FieldingFB:96] R.Fielding, H. Frystyk, and Tim Berners-Lee: Internet draft: Hypertext Transfer Protocol HTTP 1.1;, Jan 1996. =I3= =NII= HTTP specification.

[FikesF:97] Richard Fikes and Adam Farquar: Large-Scale Repositories of Highly Expressive Reusable Knowledge; Stanford KSL report 97-02, April 1997.. =SKC=

[FikesCGB:91] R. Fikes, M. Cutkosky, T.R. Gruber, and J.V. Baalen: Knowledge Sharing Technology Project Overview; Knowledge Systems Laboratory, KSL-91-71, November 1991.

[Filman:88] Robert E. Filman: ``Reasoning with Worlds and Truth Maintenance in a Knowledge-Based Programming Environments''; Comm. ACM, Vol.31 No.4, Apr.1988, pp. 382-401.

[FininWEa:90] Tim Finin, Gio Wiederhold, et al: Initial KQML specification; available from the WWW with the URL

[FininEa:96] T. Finin, et al.: "Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML)";:, 1996/=SKC=

[FininEa:94] Tim Finin et al: On Software Agents;, 1994 =SW=

[FininFME:94] Tim Finin, Richard Fritzson, Don McKay, and Robin McEntire: ``KQML as an Agent Communication Language''; The Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM'94), ACM Press, November 1994.

[Filman:88] Robert E. Filman: ``Reasoning with Worlds and Truth Maintenance in a Knowledge-Based Programming Environments''; Comm. ACM, Vol.31 No.4, Apr.1988, pp. 382--401.

[Fisher:92] Gerhard Fischer: "Domain-Oriented Design Environments"; Proceedings of the 7th Annual Knowledge-Based Software Engineering Conference, September 1992, McLean, Virginia, Rome Laboratory, pub...

[Fisher:94] David Fisher: Adanced Technology Program, Component-Based Software (94-06); National Institute of Standards and Technolgy, U.S. Dep.of Commerce. 1994.

FishwickH:98] Paul Fishwick and David Hill, eds: 1998 International Conference on Web-Based Modeling & Simulation; Society for Computer Simulation, Jan 1998,

[FlanaganHJK:97] Flanagan, Huang, Jones, and Kerf (eds): Human- Centered Systems: Information, Interactivity, and Intelligence, National Science Foundation, 15 July 1997, pp.218-221. =I3=

[FloresW:85] Feranando Flores and Terry Winograd or vv.: ? ; 1985. = first occuureence of the term ontology in its modern sense. =P[=SKC=]

[FlorescuRV:158] Daniela Florescu, Louiqua Raschid, Patrick Valduriez: "Using Hereterogneous Equivalence for Query Rewriting in Multidatabase Systems"; COOPIS95, Vienna Austria, May 1995, pages 158-169. = Rules for scope matching. Available from

[Fowler:99] Martin Fowler: UML distilled 2nd ed.; Addison-Wesley, 1999. =SW= just the essentials, good introduction. Alternatives to "UML distilled" are: "UML Toolkit", by Eriksson and Penker, 1998 (more in depth), "Using UML", by R. Pooley and P.Stevens, 1999, or another UML book covering the basic UML notations.

[Fox:93] Edward Fox: Sourcebook for Digital Libaries; gopher to, 1993.

[FraileyTZ:91] Dennis J. Frailey, A. Joe Turner, Stuart H. Zweben: "Adequacy and Health of Academic-Industry Coupling";Comm.ACM, Vol.34 no.10, Oct.1991, pp 126-128. =TT

[FranchittiKB:94] J.C. Franchitti, R. King, and O. Boucelma: ``A Toolkit to Support Scalable Persistent Base Infrastructures''; in Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Persistent Object Systems, Tarascon, France, September 1994, Springer-Verlag LNCS.

[FranklinCL:93] M.J. Franklin, M.J. Carey, and M. Livny: "Local Disk Caching for Client-Server Database Systems"; 19th Int. Conf. on Very Large Data Bases, Dublin, Ireland, August 1993, pp.641-654.

[FreskoTCM:98]]. Marc Fresko, Ken Tombs, Sue Chamberlain, Patricia Manson: Digital Preservation Guidelines: The State of the Art; study performed for the European Commission, DG XIII-E/4, Applerace Limited, Dec.1998. =I3=

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[FriederS:91] Ophir Frieder and Mark E. Segal: "On Dynamically Updating a Computer Program: from Concept to Prototype"; J. of Sy stems Software, Elseviers, Vol.14, pp.111- 128, 1991.


[GabrielianF:91] Armen Gabrielian and Mathew K. Franklin "Multi- Level Specification"; Comm.ACM, Vol.34 No.5, May 1991, pp.51-60. = from hardware on up. In special issue on Software Engineering. =SW=

[GaedeG:98] Volker Gaede and Oliver Gunther: "Multidimensional Access Methods"; ACM Comp.Surveys, Vol.30 no.2, June 1998, pp.170:231.

[GammaHJV:94] Erich Gamma, Richard Helm, Ralph Johnson, John Vlissides: Design Patterns, Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software (GOF); 1994/95 =SW= the Unified Process. This is a high quality and the classic book about design patterns, also called the GoF book). Alternatives to the Design Pattern book of the GoF are: "Patterns in Java, Volume 1" by Mark Grand, 1998 (contains all of the GoF design patterns and applies them to Java, not as good as the other book)

[GarciaMolinaW:82] Hector GarciaMolina and Gio Wiederhold: "Read-Only Transactions in a Distributed Database"; ACM Transactions on Database Systems, Vol.7 No.2, Jun.1982, pp.209--234.

[GarciaMolina:88] Hector GarciaMolina and D. Porter: Supporting Probabilistic Data in a Relational System; Princeton, TR-CS-147-88, Feb.1988. = SimQL

[GarciaMolinaEa:95] H. Garcia-Molina, J. Hammer, K. Ireland, Y. Papakonstantinou, J. Ullman, and Jennifer Widom: "Integrating and Accessing Heterogeneous Information Sources in TSIMMIS"; In Proceedings of the AAAI Symposium on Information Gathering, pp. 61-64, Stanford, California, March 1995. = TSIMMIS mediators

[GarciaP:96] H. Garcia-Molina and A. Paepcke: "Proposal for I**3 Client Server Protocol"; Technical Report, September 1996 = Architecture & Implementation for TSIMMIS mediators

[GarciaMolinaEa:97] H. Garcia-Molina, Y. Papakonstantinou, D. Quass , A. Rajaraman, Y. Sagiv, J. Ullman, V. Vassalos ,J. Widom: "The TSIMMIS approach to mediation: Data models and Languages"; In Journal of Intelligent Information Systems, 1997. = TSIMMIS Mediators =I3=

[Garfinkel:00] Simson Garfinkel: Database Nation, The Death of Privacy in the 21st Century; OReilly, 2000. =TIHI= A graphic and blistering indictment .. [Ralph Nader], lists many problems, few solutions.

[GarlanEa:95] David Garlan, Oscar Nierstrasz, Theo Dirk Meijler, Gio Wiederhold, Frank Manola, Sandra Heiler, an Jeff Sutherland : "Research Directions in Software Engineering"; ACM Comp. Surveys, Vol.27 No.2, June 1995, pages 256-276.

[GarlanAO:95] David Garlan, R. Allan, and J. Ockerbloom: "Architectural Mismatch: Why Reuse is so Hard"; IEEE Software, Nov. 1995, pages 17-26. =SW=

[GarlanSOSS:92] David Garlan, Mary Shaw, Chris Okasaki, Curtis M. Scott, and Roy F. Swonger, Jose Galmes: "Experience with a Course on Architectures for Software Systems"; Proc.6th SEI Conf. on Software Engineering Education, Oct. 1992; also Part II Educational Materials, August 1994, report CMU-CS-94-178. =SW=

[GarrettL:93] John R. Garrett and Patricia A. Lyons; "Towards an Electronic Copyright Management System'; Jrnl of the American Society for Information Science, vol.44 No.8, pages 468-473, Sep.1993. Overview of copyright use wrt digital libraries. Simplifies task of a mediator.

[Gasser:88] M. Gasser: Building Secure Computer Systems; VanNorstrandReinhold, 1988. =TIHI =SAW

[Gates:99] Bill Gates and Collins Hemingway: Business @ the Speed of Thought: Using a Digital Nervous System; Warner Books, 470 pages. =I3=

[GauseW:94] D. Gause and M. Weinberg: "Exploring Requirements: Quality Before Design"; ? = read by Francois Guimbretiere !| =SW=

[Gelernter:94] David Gelernter:= "The Cyber-Road Not Taken"; Washington Post, 3 April 1994, page C1.= More Mediocity, Mom! Please? Includes new application ideas: Lifehistory, Video University, Vector search. Have original text.

[Gelman:94] Stacey Gelman: "SILVER BULLET: An Iterative Model for Process Definition and Improvement"; AT&T Technical Journal, Vol.73 No. 4, Jul-Aug.1994, pp.35-45 = software process introduction and experience at a high level. =SW=

[Genesereth:91] M. Genesereth: "DesignWorld"; in the Proceedings of the 1991 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, Sacramento, CA, April 1991, pp. 2785-2788.

[GeneserethF:92] M.Genesereth and R. Fikes: Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF); Reference Manual, Stanford University CSD, 1992, Updated 1996, =SKC=

[Genesereth:92] Michael Genesereth: ``An Agent-Based Framework for Software Interoperability''; Procedings ARPA Software Engineering Conference, Los Angeles 1992, Meridian Corporation, Arlington VA, pp.359-366; <

[GeneserethS:93] Michael R. Genesereth and Narinder P. Singh: ``A Knowledge Sharing Approach to Software Interoperation"; Stanford University, 1993.

[GeneserethK:94] Michael Genesereth and Steven Ketchpel: ``Software Agents''; Comm. ACM, Vol.37 No.7, July 1994, pp.48-53,147.

[GeneserethSS:94] Michael R. Genesereth, Narinder P. Singh and Mustafa A. Syed: ``A Distributed and Anonymous Knowledge Sharing Approach to Software Interoperation"; Proc. Int.Symp. on Fifth Generation Comp Systems, ICOT, Tokyo, Japan, Vol.W3, Dec.1994, pp.125-139.

[Genesereth:96] M. Genesereth: "Knowledge Interchange Format (KIF)";, 1996=SKC=

[GennariCAM:98] J. H. Gennari, H. Cheng, R. B. Altman, & M. A. Musen: "Reuse, CORBA, and Knowledge-Based Systems"; Int. J. Human-Computer Sys., Vol.49 No.4, pp.523-546, 1998.

[GerhartCR:94] Susan Gerhart, Dan Craigen, and Ted Ralston: "Experience with Formal Methods in Critical Systems"; IEEE Software, Jan. 1994.

[Gibbs:94] W.Wayt Gibbs: "The Software Crisis"; Scientific American, Sep.1994.

[Gilb:88] Tom Gilb: Principles of Software Engineering; Addison- Wesley, 1988. =SW=

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[Ginsberg:90] Matt Ginsberg: ``Knowledge Interchange Format: The KIF of Death''; Communications of the ACM, Vol.33 No.8, Aug.1990.

[GlaserAG:83] Edward M. Glaser, Harold Abelson, Kathalee Garrison: "Putting Knowledge to Use"; Jossey-Bass, SF, 1983 = Technology Transition, Knowledge Utilization and Policy or Organizational Change and Adoption of Innovation, supported by NIMH =P[Howard Davis, Susan Salasin].

[Goguen:88] J. A. Goguen, and T. Winkler: "Introducing OBJ3. Technical Report SRI-CSL-88-09"; SRI International, Menlo Park, California, 1988.=SKC=

[GohMS:94] Cheng Goh, Stuart Madnick and Michael Siegel: "Context Interchange: Overcoming the Challenge of Large Scale Interoperable Database Systems in a Dynamic Environment"; Proc. 1st International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM) 1994. = description of conversions needed in financial applications using multiple sources with differing ontologies.

[Gomery:94] Douglas Gomery "In Search of the Cybermarket"; The Wilson Quarterly, Summer 1994, pp.8-17. = Prof. at Un maryland, dep. of Communication warns us to be realistic about the benefits and commercial potential of the NII. Avoid making it a Superhypeway. Educational, etc services on Cable TV did not make it because the benefits were not economically worth it. People won't cange, only 25% readbooks. Switched vs non-switched systems.

[GoldmanN:92] N.M. Goldman and K. Narayanaswamy: "Software Evolution through Iterative Prototyping"; 14th Int. Conf. on SW Eng., IEEE, May 1992.

[Goldschmidt:96I]A. Goldschmidt: "An Approach to Information Mediation in the Industrial Domain"; in Wiederhold (editor): Intelligent Integration of Information, Kluwer Pubs., 1996. =I=

[Goldschmidt:96N] Art Goldschmidt: "Report on NIIIP"; CACM, Vol.39 No.3, March 1996, pp.100-103= =SW= =I3= Infrastructure protocols.

[Gong:98] YiHong Gong: Intelligent Image Databases: Towards Advanced Image Retrieval; Kluwer publishers, 1998. = describes QBIC, indexing, but focuses on his ARBIRS system, which does shape-based rerieval. Uses segmentation and texture-based regions. Evaluation is based on 50 image classes. =image=

[GongQ:96] L. Gong and X. Qian: "Computational Issues in Secure Interoperation"; to appear in IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering, IEEE, January 1996.

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[GoslingM:95] James Gosling and Henry McGilton: The JAVA Language Environment: a White Paper; Sun Microsystems 1995,

[GPO:97] Global Policy Organization: UN Global Policy Site; 1997, =SKC=

[GravanoGT:94] Luis Gravano, Hector Garcia-Molina, and Anthony Tomasic: ``The Effectiveness of GLOSS for the Text Database Discovery Problem''; Proc. of the 1994 ACM SIGMOD, ACM Sigmod Record, Vol.23 No.2 May 1994, pp.126--137.

[Gray:99] Jim Gray: "What Next? A Dozen Information-Technology Research\ Goals", June 1999. . = Turing Award talk.

[RedwineR:85] Samuel T. Redwine and William E. Riddle: "Software Technology Maturation", London, England, August 1985; image on = SW

[GrayEa:98] David N. Gray, John Hotchkiss, Seth LaForge, Andrew Shalit, and Toby Weinberg: "Modern Languages and Microsoft's Component Object Model"; Com.ACM, Vol.41 No.5, May 1998, pages 55-65. = has some relevant information for =CHAIMS=

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[Gries:81] David Gries: The Science of Programming; Texts and Monographs in Computer Science, Springer Verlag, New York 1981, ISBN 0-387-90641-X. = Zaki Hasan: This text-book is based on Dijkstra's approach, but it is bigger, with more examples and lots of exercises. If you want to master the "discipline of programming" approach, this is the text book to get. I strongly recommend this book. =SW=

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[GruberO:94] Thomas R. Gruber and Gregory Olsen: ``An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics''; in Doyle, Torasso, and Sandewall (eds.): Fourth International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Gustav Stresemann Institut, Bonn, Germany; Morgan Kaufmann, May 1994.

[Gruber:94] Tom Gruber: Ontolingua Overview;, 1994.

[GruberO:94] Thomas R. Gruber and Gregory Olsen: ``An Ontology for Engineering Mathematics''; in Doyle, Torasso, and Sandewall (eds.): Fourth International Conference on Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning, Gustav Stresemann Institut, Bonn, Germany; Morgan Kaufmann, May 1994.

[Gruber:93] Thomas R. Gruber: ``A Translation Approach to Portable Ontology Specifications''; Knowledge Acquisition, Vol.5 No. 2, pp.199-220, 1993.. =SKC=

[Gruber:95] Thomas R. Gruber: ``Towards Principles for the Design Of Ontologies Used for Knowledge Sharing"; Int. J. of Human-Computer Studies, Vol.43 No. 5-2, pp.907-928, 1995. =SKC=

[Gruber:96] T. Gruber: "Ontolingua Reference Manual";, 1996=SKC=

[GSA:93] General Services Administration: A Guide for Acquiring Software Development Services; GSA, Information Resources Management Service, Washington DC, GPO; 1993 Sep., No.KMP-93-4- P. = This Guide was written by American Management Systems, Inc. Arlington VA. This Guide provides Government program, information resources management, and contracting officials with an introduction to the acquisition of software development services. =SW=

[Guarino:97] Nicola Guarino: Presentation on Formal Ontologies; NCITS.TC.T2 ANSI ad hoc group on Ontology; 1997.. =SKC=

[GuarinoG:95] Nicola Guarino and Pierdaniele Giaretta: "Ontologies and Knowledge Bases Towards a Terminological Clarification"; in N.Mars: Towards large Knowledge Bases, KBKS '95, 1995. = On Ontologies wrt defintion and use vs. vocabularies, schemas, knowledge-bases. Reviewed by Ida Sim.|| @ Padova: =SKC=

[GugliemoR:96] E.J. Gugliemo and Neil C. Rowe: "Natural Language Retrieval of Images based on Descriptive Captions" {\sl ACM Trans. on Information Systems}, Vol. 14 No.3, May 1996, pp.237-267.

[Guha:91] R.V. Guha: Contexts: A formalization and some application; Doctoral dissertation, Stanford University. Also MCC Technical Report Number [ACT-CYC}-423-91, 1991.. =SKC=

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[GuptaMS93] A. Gupta, I.S. Mumick, and V.S. Subrahmanian: "Maintaining Views Incrementally"; ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Washington, D.C., May 1993, 157-166.


[HaasEa:90] L. Haas, W. Chang, G. Lohman, J. McPherson, G. Lapis, B. Lindsay, H. Pirahesh, M. Carey, and E. Shekita: "Starburst Mid-Flight: As the Dust Clears"; IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering,Vol.2 No.1, March 1990.

[HaddockH:94] G. Haddock and K. Harbison: ``From Scenarios to Domain Models: Processes and Representations"; Proceedings of the onference on Knowledge-based Artificial Intelligence Systems in Aerospace and Industry, SPIE, April 1994.

[HadjiefthymiadesM:99] Stathes Hadjiefthymiades and Lazaros Merakos: "A Survey of Web Architectures for Wireless Communication Environments"; Computer Networks and ISDN Systems, Vol.28, May 1996, p.1139, =I3=

[Hafer:89] Tom Hafer: Report on lack of progress on the Navy A-12 attack bomber; PBD-608, Oct.1989= An account which also shows how the the wrong view (based on cost reports) can hide development failures. See also Washington Post magazine, 29 Oct 1995.

[HafnerL:96] Katie Hafner and Matthew Lyon: Where Wizards Stay Up Late; Simon and Schuster, 1996. =I3=

[Hague:95] T. Hague: "Configuration Management Tools: Do your Homework before Signing on the Dotted Line"; Computing Canada; Vol.21 no.5, 15 March 1995, pp.36, Plesman publications Ltd. Canada. = Configuration maintenance driven from helpdesk. Blackwood:95] =SW=

[HainesKMNW:94] Nicholas Haines, Darrell Kindred, J.G. Morrisett, Scott M. Nettles, and jeanette M. Wing: "Composing First Class Transactions"; ACM TOPLAS, Vol.16 No.6, Nov.1994, pp.1719-1736. = A functional Standard Metalanguage packages concurrrency, locking, persistence, and serialization. =SW=

[Halpin:95] Terry A. Halpin: Conceptual Schema and Relational Database Design, 2nd ed.; Prentice-Hall; ||. = Object-role modeling (ORM), schema optimizartion and view-update on derived views, based on NIAM @asymetrix, Bellevue WA =SW=

[Hamilton:99] Scott Hamilton: Taking Moore’s Law into the Next Century; IEEE Computer, Jan. 99, pp. 43-48. =I3=

[HamletT:90] D. Hamlet and R. Taylor: "Partition Testing does not inspire Confidence"; IEEE Trans. on SW Engineering, Vol.SE-16, Dec.1990, pp. 1402-1411.

[HammerM:78] M. Hammer and D. McLeod: ``The Semantic Data Model: A Modelling Machanism for Data Base Applications"; Proc.. ACM SIGMOD 78, Lowenthal and Dale(eds), 1978, pp.26--36.

[HammerEa:95] J. Hammer, H. Garcia-Molina, K. Ireland, Y. Papakonstantinou, J. Ullman, and J. Widom: "Information Translation, Mediation, and Mosaic-Based Browsing in the TSIMMIS System"; In Exhibits Program of the Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, page 483, San Jose, California, June 1995. = TSIMMIS Wrappers =I3=

[HammerEa:95] J. Hammer, H. Garcia-Molina, K. Ireland, Y. Papakonstantinou, J. Ullman, and J. Widom: "Information Translation, Mediation, and Mosaic-Based Browsing in the TSIMMIS System"; In Exhibits Program of the Proceedings of the ACM SIGMOD International Conference on Management of Data, page 483, San Jose, California, June 1995. = TSIMMIS mediators =I3=

[HammerAI:96] J. Hammer, R. Aranha, K. Ireland: "Browsing Object-Based Databases Through the Web"; Technical report, Stanford University, October 1996. = Information Browsing in TSIMMIS =I3=

[HammerBEa:97] J. Hammer, M. Breunig, H. Garcia-Molina, S. Nestorov, V. Vassalos, R. Yerneni: "Template-Based Wrappers in the TSIMMIS System"; in Proc. SIGMOD 26, Int. Conf.Management of Data, Tucson AZ, ACM, May 1997. = TSIMMIS Wrappers =I3=

[HammerGEa:97] J. Hammer, H. Garcia-Molina, J. Cho, R. Aranha, and A. Crespo: "Extracting Semistructured Information from the Web"; In Proceedings of the Workshop on Management of Semistructured Data. Tucson, Arizona, May 1997. = TSIMMIS Web Extraction =I3=

[Hanson:87] Eric Hanson: ``A Performance Analysis of View Materialization Strategies"; Proc. ACM-SIGMOD 87, May 1987.

[HansonEa:90] E.N. Hanson, M. Chaabouni, C.H. Kim, and Y.W. Wang: "A Predicate Matching Algorithm for Database Rule Systems"; ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, Atlantic City, NJ, May 1990, pp.271-280.

[Hanson:92] E.N. Hanson: "Rule Condition Testing and Action Execution in Ariel"; ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Managing Data; San Diego, CA, June 1992, pp.49-58.

[HardwickSRM:96] Martin Hardwick, David Spooner, T. Rando, and KC Morris: "Sharing Manufacturing Information In Virtual Enterprises"; Comm. ACM, Vol.39, No.2, Feb. 1996, pp.46-54. =I3=

[HardyS:94] Darren R. Hardy and Michael F. Schwartz: Harvest User Manual;, Oct. 1994.

[HauslerLT:94] Hausler, Linger, and Trammell: "Adopting Clean Room SW Eng with a Phased Approach"; IBM Sys.J., Vol.33. no.1, 1994 = Rick Linger 301 240-8207 !| =SW=

[HayesRothEa:94] Barbara Hayes-Roth, K. Pfleger, P. Lalanda, P. Morignot, and M. Balabanovic: A Domain-Specific Software Architechture for Adaptive Intelligent Systems; Stanford Un. KSL report 94-11, march 1994. = Technology-specific rather than domain specific?

[HayesRothSBHL:94] Barbara Hayes-Roth, E. Sincoff, L. Brownston, R. Huard, & B.Lent: Directed Improvisation; Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Technical Report KSL-94-61. =SW=

[HayesRoth:94] Rick Hayes-Roth: Domain-Specific Software Architecure (DSSA). = rhayes@alfred.Teknowledge.COM| 1994. =SW=

[HayesRoth:95] Frederick Hayes-Roth: "The JTF ATD Architecture for Agile"; Mobile, Collaborative Crisis response: A Case Study in Architecture-Driven Development." In D. Garlan (Ed.), Proc. First International Workshop on Software Architecture. Seattle: Dept. of Computer Science, Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie-Mellon University, 1995.=SKC=

[HardwickSRM:96] Martin Hardwick, David Spooner, T. Rando, and KC Morris: "Sharing manufacturing information in virtual enterprises"; Comm. ACM, Vol.39, No.2, Feb. 1996, pp.46-54. =TIHI=

[He:97] J. He: "Performance and Manageability Design in an Enterprise Network Security System"; IEEE Enterprise Networking Miniconference 1997 (ENM-97), Montreal, Quebec, Canada, June 11-12, 1997. =TIHI=

[Hearst:97] Marty Hearst: "Interfaces for Searching the Web"; in Scientific American, Mer.1997. =I3=

[HelalB:95] Abdelsalem Helal and Ravi Badrachalam: "COM versus CORBA: Will Microsoft Come Out on Top"; IEEE Computer, Vol.28 No.10, Oct.95, pp.61-62. =SW=

[HellersteinS:93] J.M. Hellerstein and M. Stonebraker: "Predicate Migration: Optimization queries with Expensive Predicates"; ACM SIGMOD, May 1983, pp.267-375. = Illustra cost model generators can use inputsize, ... =P[MEGA, CHAIMS]

[Henzinger:99] M.R. Henzinger, A. Heydon, M. Mitzenmacher and M. Najork: "Measuring index quality using random walks on the Web"; Proc. WWW8, page 213. =I3= methods include PageRank.

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[HHS:93] Towards a National Health Information Infrastructure; DHHS April 1993. = cites savings based in the Medical and Health Insurance Information Reform Act of 1992, Washington DC, October 1992.

[Hodges:98] Bob Hodges: "Component Specification and Conformance, What Components Must Expose to Compose"; OO Composition Workshop, Monterey CA, Jan 1998, paper013.html. = 2Texas Instruments and Sematech.

[Hof:99] Robert D.Hof: “What Every CEO Needs To Know About Electronic Business”; Business Week E-Biz, 22 March 1999, pp.2-12. =I3=

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[HumphreysL:93] Betsy Humphreys and Don Lindberg: The UMLS project : Making the conceptual connection between users and the information they need; Bulletin of the Medical Library Association, 1993, see also =SKC=

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[Hsu:98] C-N. Hsu: "Initial Results on Wrapping Semistructured Web Pages with Finite-State Transducers and Contextual Rules"; AAAI'98 Workshop 'AI and Information Integration, Madison, July 1998. =An approach is described for learning wrappers which are specified as non deterministic finite automata. An attribute is a piece of information to be retrieved from the Web page, e.g. a name or affiliation. Borderlines between attributes are specified by so-called 'separators'. A separator is characterized by its left context and its right context. Each context is defined by a collection of disjunctive contextual rules. By means of these disjunctive rules the handling of variations in attribute sequences or of exceptions is enabled. A contextual rule is specified as a sequence of ground tokens and token classes. A token is a word, an HTML tag, a punctuation symbol, .... . An inductive generalization algorithm is used to induce contextual rules from training examples. A training example provides an ordered list of attributes together with the separators between these attributes; e.g., a training example could be an entry on a faculty page specifying a person's name, URL, and academic title. Induction is done by generalizing the tokens found in the training examples along a token taxonomy tree. The induced wrapper is a non-deterministic finite automaton: states represents the attributes and state transitions represent contextual rules defining the separators between attributes. The approach handles one page at a time. The extraction process handles text, but no link information. No transformations are performed as part of the extraction process. The approach exploits the structural knowledge as provided from the markup language. A GUI is offered for supporting the learning process. Advantages: Notion of separators is more general than delimiters (in some cases no explicit delimiter is present in a given text to separate two attributes). Notion of separators is not bound to HTML tags, thus sources which use other markup languages may be handled as well. Variations in the document structure may be handled by the contextual rules. [Hao Xu] =SKC=


[IEEE:84] IEEE Software Magazine; regular special topic issues, since 1984. =SW=

[IEEE1278:93] IEEE Standard: Protocols for Distributed Simulation Applications: Entity Information and Interaction; IEEE Standard 1278, IEEE Computer Society 1993.

[INEL:93] "Ada Electronic Combat Modeling", OOPSLA'93, OOPSLA'93 Proceedings, ACM ISBN: 089791-661-1.

[INEL:94] "Software Re-Engineering in Ada: A Practical Approach", TRI-Ada'94, TRI-Ada Proceedings, ACM ISBN: 0-89791-666-2

[INEL:95C] "Electronic Combat Model Reengineering", AJPO-MON-95-01, March 1995

[INEL:95M] "Software Maintainability Metrics Models in Practice", Crosstalk, November/December 1995, Volume 8 Number 11.

[Intel:99] The Industry Standard: Intel to Add Personal ID Numbers to Chips, 1/22/99; =I3=

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[Johnson:91] Ray Johnson: Agents ; = mailing list for software agents. =SW=

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[Kleinrock:94] Leonard Kleinrock (chair Renaissance Committee): Realizing the Information Future: The Internet and Beyond; Computer Science and Telecommunications Board, National Research Council, National Academy Press, 1994. =I3= =NII= focuses on four layers from an engineer's point of view: 1. low-level comm., 2. transport, 3. simple middleware, 4. applications. Chapters:1. Summary, 2. US Networking, 3 Open data network, 3 Research, education, libraries, 4. Principles and Practice, 5. Financial Issues, Government Roles and Opportunities. A. Federal Networking, B. Sample Principle Sets, C. Usert support services, D. State and Reginal Networks E. International Issues, F. Key terms. order 800 624-6242 $24.95 or on WWW.

[Klusch:99] Mathias Klusch (ed): Intelligent Information Agents: Agent-Based Information Discovery and Management on the Internet; Springer-Verlag, 1999. = papers by M. Papazoglou and W.J. van de Heuvel, Tilburg University; M. Huhns and M. Singh, Univ.South Carolina; on Integration of Information from Multiple Sources of Textual Data S. Bergamaschi and D. Beneventano, University of Modena; K. Sycara, CMU; A. Ouksel, Univ. Illinois; P. Maes, R. Guttman, Alex Moukas, MIT Media Lab; 7. Agent-Mediated Auctions: The Fishmarket Metaphor P. Noriega and C. Sierra; on Strategic Reasoning and Adaptation in an Information Economy by Ed Durfee, J. Vidal, S. Park, T. Mullen, P. Weinstein, and A. Armstrong, Univ. Michigan; on Shared Plans in Electronic Commerce by M. Hadad and S. Kraus, Bar-Ilan University; on Dynamic Supply Chain Structuring for Electronic Commerce Among Agents by D. Zeng and K. Sycara, CMU; S. Sen, A. Biswas, and S. Ghosh, Univ. Tulsa; H. Liebermann, MIT Media Lab; on Multi-Agent Systems for WWW Sites and Reputation Recommendations by A. Moukas, G. Zacharias, and P. Maes, MIT Media Lab, USA on Scalable Web Search by Adaptive On-line Agents: An InfoSpiders Case Study by F. Menczer, and A.E. Monge, Univ. Iowa; B. Brewington, K. Moizumi, G. Cybenko, R. Gray, D. Kotz, D. Rus @ Dartmouth College; R. Tolksdorf, Tech. Univ. Berlin; O. Shehory, CMU; on Securing Mobile Agents by C. F. Tschudin, Univ. Zurich., Switzerland

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[Knoblock:96] Craig A. Knoblock: "Building a Planner for Information Gathering: A Report from the Trenches"; Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems: Proceedings of the Third International Conference (AIPS96), Edinburgh, Scotland, 1996. source =I3= also access to programs. =CHAIMS= parallel access.

[Knuth:89] Don Knuth: Web system; 1989? = combines PASCAL code and comments. =SW=

[KonopnickiS:98] David Konopnicki and Oded Shmueli: "Information Gathering in the World Wide Web: The W3QL query language and the W3QS System"; ACM TODS, Vol.23 No.4, Dec.1998, pp.369-410. =I3= =NII= Query language allows access to form-based information on the web.

[Kostner:94] Martijn Koster: On Information Discovery;, 1994.

[Koster:94R] Martijn Koster: Rules for Web Robots; Nexor, 1994,

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[Krishnamurthy:94] B. Krishnamurthy:"Software Architecture and Reuse, an Inherent Conflict?"; Proc. 3rd Internat.Conf.on Software Reuse. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1994. =SW=

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[Kruger:92] Charles Kruger: "SoftwareReuse"; ACM Comp. Surveys, Vol.24 No 2., June 1992.= need to abstract implementation patterns. , design and code scavenging, off-the shelf components 9librarues, Booch' standard Ada data constructs.

[Kunt:95] Murat Kunt (ed.) "Digital Television"; IEEE Spectrum; Vol.83, nos.6,7, June/July 1995. = issue devoted to Digital TV and compression.

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[Lang:26] Fritz Lang: 'Metropolis'; UFA 1926.= silent film.

[Langer:98] Thomas Langer: "MeBro - A Framework for Metadata-Based Information Mediation"; First International Workshop on Practical Information Mediation and Brokering, and the Commerce of Information on the Internet, Tokyo Japan, September 1998, =I3= at Japan mediation conference

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[LedgarT:90] H. Ledgar and J. Tauer: Professional Software, volume 2: Programming Practice; ISBN 0-201-12232-4. = Zaki Hasan: Ledgard and Tauer introduce the term "PA Programmer". A PA programmer is an amateur programmer who thinks he is a professional, or a professional who is acting like an amateur. Near enough is not good enough of a professional, and the two volumes discuss things such as user interface design (volume 1) and naming conventions and layout (volume 2). There is a lot of good stuff in these two volumes, though I'm afraid that their examples finally convinced me that Pascal-like languages are part of the problem. =SW=

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[Lehman:94] Manny Lehman;= FEAST project on Feedback, Evolution, and Software Technology. =SW= @ Dep.Computing, Imperial College, London

[Lehrer:94] Nancy Lehrer (ed.): Summary of I3 Projects; =""> =SW=

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[Lesk:93] Michael Lesk (Bellcore): private communication.

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[Lesk:97P] Michael Lesk: Practical Digital Libraries: Books, Bytes, and Bucks; Morgan Kaufman, 1997

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[LindenG:92] Ted Linden and D. Gaw 1992: "JIGSAW: Preference-directed, Co-operative Scheduling," AAAI Spring Symposium: Practical Approaches to Scheduling and Planning, March 1992. = JIGSAW generalizes the AI scheduling techniques implemented in the Air Force's Advanced Planning System--which is operational as a component of CTAPS.

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[LitwinR:89] W. Litwin and N. Roussopolous: ``A Model for Computer Life''; University of Maryland, Institute for Advanced Computer Studies, UMIACS-TR-89-76, July 1989.

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[Liu:95] Ling Liu: "Adaptive Schema Design and Evaluation in an Object-oriented Information System"; in Springer LNCS 1021, pp.21-31. = maintain reachability of nodes. For extensibility minimize multiple inheritance =SW=

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[LuntF:90] Teresa Lunt and E. Fernandez: "Database Security"; ACM SIGMOD Record, Vol.19 No.4, 1990, pp.90-97. =TIHI=

[Lunt:89] Teresa F. Lunt: "Polyinstantiation: an inevitable part of a Aggregation and inference: Facts and fallacies"; Proc . of the IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy pp.102--109, Oakland, CA, May 1989. =TIHI=

[Lunt:91] Teresa F. Lunt: Polyinstantiation: an inevitable part of a multi-level world"; Proc. of Computer Security Foundation Workshop, Francinia, 1991 =TIHI=

[LuniewskiEa:93] Luniewski, A. et al. "Information organization using Rufus"; ACM SIGMOD, Washington DC, May 1993. pp. 560-561 =TIHI=

[LuqiK:88] Luqi and Mohammed Ketabchi: A Computer-Aided Prototyping System; IEEE Software; March 1988, pp.66-72. = description of CAPS =SW=

[Luqi:89] Luqi: "Software Evolution Through Rapid Prototyping"; IEEE Computer, Vol. 22 No.5, May 1989, pp.13--25. = Object technology =add dampier, Luqi, dependencies`between developement activities and their products. Support for: planning, scheduling, tracking, project control & work assignment, configuration & versioning? see [Luqi 1990]

[Luqi:90] Luqi: "A Graph Model for Software Evolution"; IEEE Trans. on SW Eng., Vol. SE16 No.8, 1990, pp.917--927. = dependencies`between developement activities and their products. Support for: planning, scheduling, tracking, project control & work assignment, configuration & versioning

[Luqi:92] Luqi "" IEEE SW Jan. 1992 = CAPS software model for C3I station

[Lynch:90] Clifford A. Lynch: "The Z39.50 Information retrieval protocol: An overview and Status Report"; ACM SIGCOMM, 1990, pp.58--70. = DBDbiblio ASN.1

[LynchL:96] Daniel C. Lynch and Leslie Lundquist @Cybercash, Inc: Digital Money: The New Era of Internet Commerce; John Wiley and Sons, 1996. =I3=

[Lynch:97] Clifford Lynch: "Searching the Internet"; in Scientific American, Mer.1997. =I3=


[MacGregor:90]} Robert MacGregor: ``The Evolving Technology of Classification-based Knowledge Representation Systems''; in John Sowa, editor, Principles of Semantic Networks: Explorations in the Representation of Knowledge, Morgan Kaufmann, 1990.

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[Maddox:94] Tom Maddox= "The Cultural Consequences of the information Superhighway"; The Wilson Quarterly, Summer 1994, pp.29-36. = What islearning and teching, how will it be supported. Even if have-nots are given equal access, they won't get equal benefits. Good people will leave junk grops, making them junkier.

[Maes:94] Pattie Maes: Agents that Reduce Work and Information Overload; Comm.ACM, Vol 37 No.7 July 1994, pp.31-40. =I3=

[Magill:91] Frank N. Magill (ed): The Nobel Prize Winners, Vol.2, 1944-1969; Salem Press 1991. = Commentary and bio of Joshua Lederberg, pp 773-782.

[Madnick:91] Stuart Madnick: The Dynamics of Software Development; Prentice-Hall, 1991. =SW=

[Madnick:96] S.E. Madnick: "Are we moving toward an information superhighway or a Tower of Babel? The challenge of large-scale semantic heterogeneity"; In IEEE International Conference on Data Engineering, p.61-68, 1996; also reprinted in 21st Century (a Web Zine at ="">, Vol.1 No. 6, April 1996, pp. 19-20; also to appear in Database Programming and Design, January 1997.

[MageeDEK:95] Magee, J. and Dulay, N. and Eisenbach, S. and Kramer, J.: "Specifying Distributed Software Architectures"; 5th European Software Engineering Conference (ESEC 95), Sitges, Spain, 1995. =SW= Presents a formal model of Darwin in Robin Milner's Pi-Calculus [Perrochon].

[MageeDK:94] Magee, J. and Dulay, N. and Kramer, J.: "REGIS: A Constructive Development Environment for Distributed Programs"; IEE/IOP/BCS Distributed Systems Engineering, Vol.1 No.5, 1994, pp.304-312. =SW= describes the most recent distributed execution environment for Darwin-structured applications [Perrochon].

[Maier:83] David Maier: The Theory of Relational Databases; Computer Science Press, 1983. ISBN 0-914894-42-0. = Zaki Hasan: For the mathematical theory of relational databases you would have a hard time finding a better book. =SW=

[Maier:89] David Maier: ``Why isn't there an Object-oriented Data Model''; Information Processing 89, Ritter (ed), IFIPS North-Holland 1989, pp.793-798.

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[MalufW:97] David A. Maluf and Wiederhold Gio: "Abstraction of Representation for Interoperation"; Tenth International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Verlag, pp 441-455, Oct., 1997. =SKC=

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[Maney:99] Kevin Maney: "Middlemen have nothing to fear, despite scary word"; USA Today, 24 Mar.1999. =I3= disintermediation and reintermediation.

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[MarcoB:87] A. Marco and J. Buxton: The Craft of Software Engineering; Addison-Wesley, 1987.

[Margolis:99] Melanie A. Margolis; y/980729Unique.htm =I3=

[Mark:94] Bill Mark: Netbuilder Video Tape; Lockheed AI lab.1994, = mega-programming in simulation-based design, with design database access. =SW=

[Mark:95] Leo Mark (ed): Database Application Semantics; IFIP WG2.6 Sixth Working Conference on Database Semantics (DS-6), Atlanta, Georgia, May 1995, to be published by Chapman and Hall.

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[Markoff:99] John Markoff: “How Much Privacy Do People Really Need?”; New York Times Service, March, 1999. =I3=

[MarkosianNBBK:94] L. Markosian, P. Newcomb, R. Brand, S.Burson, and T. Kitzmiller; "Using an enabling Technology to Reengineer Legacy Systems"; Com.ACM, vol 37 No.5, may 1994, pages 58-70. = REFINE=COBOL used at Boeing.

[MartinO:92] James Martin and J.J. Odell: Object-Oriented Analysis and Design; PrenticeHall, 1992. =SW

[MashburnA:94] Timothy Mashburn and David C. Anderson !prime author?|: "An Extensible Computer Environment for Modeling and Analysis in Mechanical Design"; Proc. ASME Conference Computers in Engineering, 1994/3? = domain-specific module composition =SW=

[Mattison:94] Rob Mattison: The Object-oriented Enterprise, Making Corporate Information Systems Work; Tab Books, 1994. Many relevant observations in an after-dinner talk format. =SW=

[Maurer:94] Herrman Maurer: ``Advancing the Ideas of World Wide Web: Hyper-G"; Proc. Distributed Multimedia Systems and Applications, Honolulu, 1994, pages 201--203; ="">

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[McCall:96] Gene McCall (editor): New World Vistas, Air and Space Power for the 21st Century; Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, April 1996, Information Technology volume. = call for SimQL in page 9..

[McCarthy:88] John L.McCarthy: ``Knowledge Engineering or Engineering Information: Do We Need New Tools?"; IEEE Data Engineering Conference 4, Feb.1988, Los Angeles.

[McCarthy:91] John McCarthy "!in AI reading list"; =On adapatability Elaboration Tolerance =SW=

[McCarthy:93] John McCarthy: "Notes on formalizing context"; Proceedings of the Thirteenth International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence; AAAI 1993.. =SKC= see also [BuvacM:97]

[McCarthyB:94] John McCarthy and Sasa Buvac: "Formalizing Contexts (Expanded Notes)"; in Aliseda, vanGlabbeck, Westerstahl: Computing Natural Language, 1997; Stanford University, Formal AI group, Technical Note Stan-CS-TN-94-13, 1994, see =SKC=

[McConnel:95] Steven McConnel: Code Complete: A Practical handbook of Software Construction; 1995? = Overview of techniques for robust code =SW=

[McCrayEa:96] Alexa T. McCray, AM Razi, AK Bangalore, AC Browne, and PZ Stavri: "The UMLS Knowledge Source Server: A Versatile Internet-based Research Tool"; Proc AMIA Fall Symp., 1996 pp.164-168.. =SKC=

[McCuneTDS:85] B.P. McCune, R.M. Tong, J.S. Dean, and D.G. Shapiro: ``RUBRIC: A System for Rule-based Information Retrieval"; IEEE Trans. Software Eng., Vol.SE-11 no,9, Sep.1985, pp.939-945.

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[McGuireEa:93] James G. McGuire, Daniel R. Kuokka, Jay C. Weber, Jay M. Tenenbaum, Thomas R. Gruber, Gregory R. Olsen: "SHADE: Technology for Knowledge-Based Collaborative Engineering"; Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, Vol.1 No.3, September 1993.

[McIlroy:68] Doug McIlroy: "Mass-produced Software Components"; in Buxton et al.: Software Engineering Concepts and Techniques; Van Norstrand Reinhold, 1976.

[McIntyreH:87] S.C. McIntyre and L.F. Higgins: ``Knowledge Base Partitioning For Local Expertise: Experience In A Knowledge Based Marketing DSS "; Hawaii Conf. on Inf, Systems 20, Feb.1987.

[McKay:94] Don McKay: Index page which references into the ARPA Knowledge Sharing Effort Web; =""> = links to KQML work. o.a. =SW= !

[McShaneHKF:79] D.J. McShane, A. Harlow, R.G. Kraines, and J.F. Fries: ``TOD: A Software System for the ARAMIS Data Bank''; IEEE Computer, Vol.12 No.11, Nov.1979,pages 34--40.

[MelloulBSW:99] Laurence Melloul, Dorothea Beringer, Neal Sample, and Gio Wiederhold: "CPAM, A Protocol for Software Composition", 11th Inter. Conf. on Advanced Information Systems Engineering (CAISE), Heidelberg Germany, Springer LNCS, June 1999. =I3=

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[Merlo:95] Ettore Merlo (ed): Program IEEE Software Maintenance Conference; =""> =SW=

[Meyer:94] Bertrand Meyer: Reusable Software: The Base Object-Oriented Component Libraries; Prentice-Hall, 1994.

[Miller:56] George Miller: "The Magical Number Seven +- Two, Some Limits on Our Capacity for Processing Information"; Psych.Review, Vol.68, 1956, pp.81-97. = bound on short-term memory and hence on complexity and fanout. =SW=

[MillerW:89] John A. Miller and Orville R. Weyrich jr.: " Query Driven Simulatio using SIMODULA"; Proc. 22nd Simulat ion Symp., March 1989, IEEE CS. = If request for simulation results fails, triggers computation of result. Warning if delay is excessive.

[MillerEa91] John A. Miller, Krys J. Kochut, Walter D. Potter, Ender Ucar, and Ali A. Keskin: "Query-Driven Simulation Using Active KDL"; Int. Journal in Computer Simulation, Vol.1 No.1, 1991. = access to assist modelers. 70 references.

[MillerMEa:92] K. Miller, L.Morelll, R.Noonan, S.Park, D.Nicol, B.Murrill, and J. Voas: "Estimating the Probability of Failure when Testing Reveals no Failures"; IEEE Trans SW Eng, Vl. SE-18 No.1, Jan..1992, pp 33-44= testing

[MillerWEa:92] P.L. Miller, L.W. Wright, S.J. Frawley, J.I. Clyman, and S.M. Powsner: "Selecting Relevant Information Resources in a Network-based Envirnment: The UMLS Information Sources Map"; in Lun et al.: MEDINFO 92, IMIA, Elseviers 1992, pages 1512-1517.

[MillerEa:93] G. Miller et al.: Five Papers on WordNet; =I3=

[Miller:94] Barton P. Miller: Making Programs Explode: Using Simple Random Testing on Real Programs; Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin = In 1990, we published the results of a study of the reliability of standard UNIX utility programs. This study showed that by using simple (almost simplistic) random testing techniques, we could crash or hang 25-33% of the these utility programs. Five years later, we have repeated and significantly extended this study using the same basic techniques:subjecting programs to random input streams. A distressingly large number of UNIX utilities still crash with our tests (from 18-23% in the 1995 study). Commercial versions of UNIX that we tested (from Sun, IBM, SGI, DEC, and NEXT) ranged from 15 to 43%. The failure rate of the utilities on the freely-distributed Linux version of UNIX was second- lowest, at 11%. The failure rate of the public GNU utilities was the lowest in our study, at only 7%. =SW=

[MillerT:95] Duncan C. Miller and Jack A. Thorpe: "SIMNET: The Advent of Computer Networking"; Proceedings of the IEEE, August 1995, vol.83 No.8, pages 1116-1123. = [MIFT] [SimQL]

[Miller:95] G.A. Miller: "WordNet: A Lexical Database for English"; C. ACM , 38, 11, 1995.=SKC=

[Mills:94] Elinor Mills: "Users Fear Hassles In Using Component Software"; InfoWorld, Vol.16 No.38, Sept 19, 1994, pages19-20.

[Misra:86] J. Misra:"Distributed Discrete Event Simulation"; ACM Computing Surveys, Vol.18 No.1, March 1986, pages 39-95.

[Mitchell:95] William J. Mitchell: City of Bits: Space, Plave, and the Infobahn; Mit Press = imaginative duscourse on the virtual work and NII.

[MitchellEa:94] T. Mitchell, R. Caruana, D. Freitag, J.\ McDermott, and D. Zabowski: "Experience with a Learning Personal Assistant": Comm. ACM, Vol.37 No.7, pp. 81--91, July 1994.

[MitchellFP:95] Ian Mitchell, Ian Ferguson, Norman Parrington:"Rapid Prototyping: an Integrated CASE-based Approach"; in Papazoglou (ed.): OOER'95, Springer LCNS 1021, 1995, pp.308-317. = wrapping and domain specialization, use ER models, takes concepts from Shlaer-Mellor and Rumbaugh. LOCANA supports loose orthogonality Being delivered to QED?, DORS tool builders. Maintenance follow up by Manny Lehman? =SW=

[MitraWK:99] Prasenjit Mitra, Gio Wiederhold and Martin Kersten: A Graph-Oriented Model for Articulation of Ontology Interdependencies; Stanford University Technical Note, CSL-TN-99-411, August, 1999.

[Morgenstern:87] M. Morgenstern: "Security and Inference in multilevel database and knowledge based systems"; Proc. of the ACM SIGMOD Conference, pp. 357--373, 1987. =TIHI=

[Morningstar:99] Morningstar Investments; =I3=

[MorrisMDF:94] KC Morris, Mary Mitchell, Christopher Dabrowski, and Elizabeth Fong: ``Database Management Systems in Engineering"; in the Encyclopedia of Software Engineering, pp.282-308, John Wiley and Sons, 1994; ="http[A://"> = STEP initial release. more in ="">

[Morris:99] Bonnie Rothman Morris: "You Want Fries With That Web Site?"; The New York Times, 25 Feb.1999, p. D1. =I3=

[Murray:93] Janet Murray: "K12 Network: Global Education Through Telecommunications"; CACM Vol.36 No.8, August 1993, pp.36:41.

[Musen:92] M.A. Musen: "Dimensions of Knowledge Sharing and Reuse"; Computers and Biomedical Research, Vol.25, pp. 435--467, 1992.

[MusenGETP:94] M.A. Musen, J. H. Gennari, H. Eriksson, S. W. Tu, and A.R. Puerta: PROTEGE II: Computer Support For Development of Intelligent Systems From Libraries Of Components; Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Medical Computer Science, Technical Report KSL-94-60.


[NaumannLF:99] F.Naumann, U. Leser, J-C. Freytag: "Quality-driven Integration of Heterogeneous Information Sources"; VLDB 99, Morgan-Kaufman, 1999. =I3=

[NavatheD:95] Shamkant B. Navathe and Michael J. Donahoo: "Towards Intelligent Integration of Heterogeneous Information Sources"; Proc. 6th International Workshop on Database Re-engineering and Interoperability; March 1995.

[NechesEa:93] R. Neches, R. Fikes, T. Finin, T.R. Gruber, R. Patil, T. Senator, and W.R. Swartout: ``Enabling Technology for Knowledge Sharing''; AI Magazine, Vol.12 No.3, pages:37--56, 1993.

[Negroponte:94] Nicholas Negroponte: Being Digital; 1994 =books with sensory experience, feel, smell, temperature

[Nelson:74] Ted Nelson: Computer Lib -- Dream Machines; Distributors, South Bend IN, 1974; Microsoft Edition, 1987. =I3= Early hypertext proposal. [NII]

[Nelson:95] S.J. Nelson, NE Olson, LF Fuller, MS Tuttle, WG Cole, DD Sherertz: "Identifying concepts in medical knowledge"; Greenes, Peterson, Protti: MEDINFO 95 Vancouver, Canada, 1995, pp.33-36. =SKC= LXT

[Nelson:97] Ted Nelson: The Future of Information; ASCII Corporation, Tokyo, 1997, =I3=

[Newport:93] J.P. Newport: "The Growing Gap in Software"; Fortune, vol.113, Apr.1992, pp.132-142. =SW=

[NgK:95] Ng, K. and Kramer, J.: "Automated Support for Distributed Software Design"; in 7th International Workshop on Computer-aided Software Engineering (CASE 95), Toronto, Canada, 1995. =SW= Mostly describes the Software Architect's Assistant, a visual tool to set up distributed systems [Perrochon],

[NingEa:94] Jim Q. Ning et al: "An Architecture-driven, Business-specific, and Component-based Approach to Software Engineering"; International Conf. on Software Reuse, Brazil, 1994. = megaprogramming approach =SW= @Andersen Consulting

[Nirenburg:93] S. Nirenburg: "Lessons from PANGLOSS"; Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval, ACM, 1993 .=SKC=

[NLM:93] National Library of Medicine: UMLS Knowledge Sources; 7th ed., US Department of Health and Human Services, January, 1996.=SKC=

[NTT:99] NTT News Release, June 1998: NTT Develops Secure Public-Key Encryption Scheme; =I3=

[NYT:97] New York Times editorial: "Intelligence Incompetence"; New York Times, 11 April 1997. =SKC= "The agency (CIA) also blamed confusion caused by the use of multiple databases and multiple names for the depot (Kamisiyah), a failure to share sensitive information with everyone who needed to Know it, and a failure to analyze data going back far enough into the 10980's." Kamisiyah was a chemical weapons depot in Iraq, mistakingly destroyed with health risks to U.S. troops).


[OhN:95] YongChul Oh and Shamkant Navathe:"Seer: Security Enhanced Entity-Relationship Model for Secure Relational Databases"; in Papazoglou (ed.): OOER'95, Springer LCNS 1021, 1995, pp.170-180. =full information =""> grad-students-Oh =TIHI=

[OKeefe:94] Richard O'Keefe: Craft of Prolog'; =The introduction to the book points to a a few books I think should be considered for inclusion in the reading list for CS446. The author used to work for Quintus Computer Systems when I was there a few years ago. Presently Richard O'Keefe is a Lecturer in the Department of Computer Science at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. I consider him to be an expert in the theory and practical aspects of Computer Science. Some of the comments made in the introduction of his book are very relevant to the new course we are designing. His book happens to be written about the Prolog, but the comments apply in general to the construction of small or large software. There are a few main themes: - Understanding, not Hacking - You can speed a program up by attending to the fine details. - But really the big savings come from choosing inherently efficient algorithms and exploiting the properties of your problem. To do that, you need a clear understanding of what you want to do and this will show up in your programs. If you don't like mathematics, I have bad news for you:the most effective kind of understanding for this purpose is mathematical. by ZHasan:94=SW=

[OkiPSS:93] Brian Oki, Manfred Pfluegl, Alex Siegel, and Dale Skeen: "The Information Bus -- an Architecture for Extensible Distributed Systems; 12th Symp. on Operating Systems Principles (SOSP12), pp.58-68, DEC 1993.

[OliverA:94] D.E. Oliver and R.B. Altman, 1994. Extraction of SNOMED Concepts from Medical Record Texts; Knowledge Systems Laboratory, Medical Computer Science, KSL-94-33, May.

[OliverSSM:98] Diane E. Oliver, Y. Shahar, E.H. Shortliffe, M.A. Musen: Representation of Change on Controlled Medical Terminologies"; Proc. AMIA Conference, Oct.1998.. =SKC=

[Olyzko:95] Andrew Odlyzko: `` Tragic loss or good riddance? The impending demise of traditional scholarly journals'' To be published in the Notices of the American Mathematical Society, Jan. 1995. or send tragic.loss.txt from att/math/odlyzko

[OlkenR:86] F. Olken and D. Rotem: ``Simple Random Sampling from Relational Databases"; VLDB 12, Kyoto, Aug.1986

[OMG:91] Object Management Group: The Common Object Request Broker: Architecture and Specification; OMG Document 91.12.1, OMG and X/Open, distributed by QED-Wiley, Wellesley MA, 1991. [OPEC:97] Org. Petroleum Exporting Countries: OPEC web site; Org. Petroleum Exporting Countries 1997,

[Oracle:92] Oracle 7 Server Concepts Manual, December 1992.

[OrfaliHE:95] R. Orfali, D. Harkey, and J. Edwards: The Essential Distributed Objects Survival Guide; Wiley. 1995. =discusses OpenDoc./CORBA vs OLE/COM, favors CORBA. [Sosa:95] OSA examples =SW= @IBM, Tandem

[Orman:88] Levent Orman: ``Functional Development of Database Applications''; IEEE Trans.Software Eng., Vol.14 No.9, Sep.1988, pp.1280--1292. = Since observed events are recorded as opposed to the derived state of the environment, the need for triggers is minimized.

[Orsborn:94] Kjell Orsborn: "Applying Next Generation Object-Oriented DBMS for Finite Element Analysis"; ADB conference, Vadstena, Sweden, in Litwin, Risch Applications of Databases, Lecture Notes In Computer Science, Springer, 1994. = related to SimQL

[Orsborn:93] Kjell Orsborn: "Modeling of Product Data Using an Extensible O-O Query Language"; Linkoping Un. Report LiTH-IDA-R93-15; International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 1993

[OsherEa:95] Harold Osher, Mathew Kaplan, William Harrison, Alexander Katz, and Vincent Kruskal: "Subject-Oriented Compostion Rules"; Proc. OOPSLA 1995, ACM. = compostion of independendently established objects using matching rules. (still lacks a domain algebra). Earlier papers in OOPSLA 1992 and OPPSLA 1993.

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[Sankar:95] Sankar: ... To add to that thread. BYTE magazine has been running a number of articles in the last year that talks about the emerging market standards for different types of infrastructure layers that agents can use (one of which is CORBA). BYTE a few months ago also had a similar article on OLE.SOM/DSOM etc. In addition, One can think about messaging layer standards, distributed database transport layer standards, etc. =SW= private Comm

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[Wiederhold:93S] Gio Wiederhold: "Intelligent Integration in Simulation"; MORS Mini-symposium, Fairfax VA, Military Operations Research Society, Alexandria VA, November 1993. =SimQL=

[WiederholdJL:93] Gio Wiederhold, Sushil Jajodia, and Witold Litwin: "Integrating Temporal Data in a Heterogenous Environment"; in Tansel, Clifford, Gadia, Jajodia, Segiv, Snodgrass: Temporal Databases, Theory, Design and Implementation; Benjamin Cummins Publishing, 1993, pages 563-579. =I3=

[WiederholdC:94] Wiederhold, Gio, and Stephen Cross: "Alternatives for Constructing Computing Systems"; in Yamada, Kambayashi, and Ohta: Computers as Our Better Partners, ACM Japan Symposium, World Scientific Book Co., March 1994, pages 14-21. Japanese translation by Yahiko Kambayashi in Computer to Ningen no Kyousei, Corona publishing, Tokyo Japan, 1994, pp. 283-295. =I3=

[WiederholdCC:94] Gio Wiederhold, Stephen Cross, Charles Channell: Information Integration; IEEE Educational Videotape, 2 hours, October 1994, Robert Kahrman, sponsor. IEEE, Picataway NJ. =I3=

[Wiederhold:94I] Gio Wiederhold: "Interoperation, Mediation, and Ontologies"; Proc. International Symposium on Fith Generation Computer Systems (FGCS) 94, Workshop on Heterogeneous Cooperative Knowledge-Bases, Vol.W3, pp. 33--48, MITI-ICOT, Tokyo, Japan, Dec. 1994. =SKC= =I3=

[Wiederhold:94N] Gio Wiederhold: ``An Ontology Algebra''; Proceedings of the Monterey Workshop on Formal Methods, Luqi (ed.), U.S.Naval Post Graduate School, Sept. 1994. =SKC=

[WiederholdQ:94] Gio Wiederhold, and Xiaolei Qian: "Database Rngineering"; in J.J. Marciniak: Encyclopedia of Software Engineering, Vol.1, pages 269-282. =SW=

[Wiederhold:95A] Gio Wiederhold: "Digital Libraries, and Productivity''; Comm. of the ACM, April 1995. =Ir=

[Wiederhold:95D] Gio Wiederhold: ``Value-added Mediation in Large-Scale Information Systems''; Proceedings of the IFIP DS-6 Conference, Atlanta, May 1995; also in Meersman(ed): Database Application Semantics, Chapman and Hall. =I3=

[Wiederhold:95M] Gio Wiederhold: "Mediation and Software Maintenance"; Stanford Computer Science Department Technical Note STAN-CS-TN-95-26, October 1995. =SW=

[WiederholdY:95] Gio Wiederhold and Yelena Yesha: Dealing with Asynchrony in Technology Transfer; abstract for a presentation given at NIST, March 1995; ="">

[Wiederhold:95] Gio Wiederhold: "="">Modeling and System Maintenance"; in Michael P. Papazoglou (ed.): OOER'95: Object-Oriented and Entity Relationship Modelling; Springer Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 1021, pages 1-20; Proceedings, ER-OO conference, Brisbane Australia, December 1995. =SW=

[Wiederhold:96D] Gio Wiederhold: "="1996/TTedbt.html">Dealing with Asynchrony in Technology Transfer"; in P.Apers, M.Bouzeghoub, and G.Gardarin: Advances in Database Technology -- =P[AEDBT'95; Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.1057, Springer Verlag 1996, pages 631-634.

[Wiederhold:96I] Gio Wiederhold (ed.): Intelligent Integration of Information; Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996. = This book is based on the double issue on of the Journal on Intelligent Information Systems ="">(JIIS) Vol.6, nos. 2-3. =I3=

[WiederholdBSQ:96P] Gio Wiederhold, Michel Bilello, Vatsala Sarathy, and XioaLei Qian: "="">Protecting Collaboration"; Proceedings of the NISSC'96 National Information Systems Security Conference, Baltimore MD, Oct. 1996, pp.561-569; to be republished in `Information Security' by McGraw-Hill Datapro, 1997. =TIHI=

[WiederholdBSQ:96S] Gio Wiederhold, Michel Bilello, Vatsala Sarathy, and XioaLei Qian: "="">A Security Mediator for Health Care Information"; Proceedings of the 1996 AMIA Conference, Washington DC, Oct. 1996, pp.120-124. =TIHI=

[Wiederhold:97] Gio Wiederhold: "Value-added Mediation in Large-Scale Information Systems"; in Robert Meersman and Leo Mark(ed): Database Application Semantics, Chapman and Hall, 1997, pages 34-56.

[WiederholdG:97] Gio Wiederhold and Michael Genesereth: "The Conceptual Basis for Mediation Services"; IEEE Expert, Vol.12 No.5, Sep-Oct 1997, pages 38-47.

[Wiederhold:97H] Gio Wiederhold: "Effective Information Transfer for Health Care: Quality versus Quantity"; in Lewis Branscomb et al.: The Unpredictable Certainty, Information Infrastructure through 2000; Volume 2: National Academy Press, 1997, pp. 553-559. =I3=

[WiederholdG:97] Gio Wiederhold and Michael Genesereth: "The Conceptual Basis for Mediation Services"; IEEE Expert, Intelligent Systems and their Applications, Vol.12 No.5, Sep-Oct.1997. =I3=

[Wiederhold:97M] Gio Wiederhold: "Customer Models for Effective Presentation of Information"; Position Paper, Flanagan, Huang, Jones, Kerf (eds): Human-Centered Systems: Information, Interactivity, and Intelligence, National Science Foundation, July 1997, pp.218-221. =I3=

[Wiederhold:98] Gio Wiederhold: Database Design Third Edition; Stanford University, ="">, 1998.

[WiederholdBD:98] Gio Wiederhold, Michel Bilello, and Chris Donahue: ="">"Web Implementation of a Security Mediator for Medical Databases"; in T.Y. Lin and Shelly Qian: Database Security XI, Status and Prospects, IFIP / Chapman & Hall, 1998, pp.60-72. =TIHI=

[Wiederhold:98D] Gio Wiederhold: "Weaving Data into Information"; Database Programming and Design; Freeman pubs, Sept. 1998. =I3=

[Wiederhold:98P] Gio Wiederhold: "On Software Components: A New Paradigm"; Int. Workshop on Component-based Electronic Commerce, The Fisher Center for Management and Information Technology, U.C. Berkeley, July 1998, Section 5. =I3=

[WiederholdJG:98] Gio Wiederhold, Rushan Jiang, and Hector Garcia-Molina: "An Interface Language for Projecting Alternatives in Decision-Making"; Proc. 1998 AFCEA Database Colloquium, AFCEA and SAIC, San Diego, Sep. 1998, =I3=

[Wiederhold:99OO] Gio Wiederhold: Foreword for Papazoglou, Stefano Spaccapietra, and Zahir Tari (eds.): Advances in Object-Oriented Data Modeling; MIT Press, 1999. =I3=

[Wiederhold:99] Gio Wiederhold: "Information Systems that Really Support Decision-making"; in Ras et al., Proc. 11th International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems (ISMIS), Warsaw Poland, Springer LNCS/LNAI, June 1999. =I3=

[Wiener:93] Lauren Ruth Wiener: Digital Woes: Why We should Not Depend on Software, Addison-Wesley Publishing Company. 1993; ISBN 0-201-62609-8; QA76.76.R44W53. = We rely on software, and sometimes it fails us. Some of those failures are nuisances; some are disasters. Software is unique and presents unique risks. Issues of digital technology are discussed in professional journals and on-line bulletin boards, but public participation is negligible. We cannot afford to take for granted the assurances of those who build these systems and stand to profit from them. All of us need to participate in these decisions; a lot is at stake. Our lives are changing drastically. It would be wise to guide this change for the better. It is the nature of software to have bugs. Developing software is an expensive and time-onsuming enterprise whose result is likely to be unreliable, as well as less functional than the product originally specified. Developing software for critical systems-if it is done ight-is even more expensive, time-consuming and painstaking. The gain in reliability will be modest. Software is not the answer to every problem. We cannot afford to build everything that's been proposed, not should we allow ourselves to placed at risk. We must choose how we want to use software, computers and digital technology. =SW=

[WidomC:96] Jennifer Widom and Stefano Ceri: Active Databases; Morgan-Kaufman, 1996.

[Widom:97] J. Widom: "Research Problems in Data Warehousing"; Proceedings of the 4th Int'l Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (CIKM), November 1995.

[WilendenA:90] J.C. Wilenden et al: "A Comparative Evalutation of Object Definition Techniques for Large Prototype Systems"; ACM TOPLAS, Vol.12 no.4, Oct 1990, pp.670-699. =SW=

[WilkinsCB:87] D.C. Wilkins, W.J. Clancey, and B.G. Buchanan: ``Knowledge Base Refinement by Monitoring Abstract Control Knowledge"; Stanford, TR. STAN-CS-87-1182, Aug.1987. =I3=

[WilkinsonN90] K. Wilkinson and M-A. Neimat: "Maintaining Consistency of Client-Cache Data"; 16th Conf. on Very Large Data Bases, Brisbane, Australia 1990, 122-133.

[WillenborgD:96] L. Willenborg and T. De Waal: Statistical Disclosure Control in Practice; Springer- Verlag , 1996. =TIHI=

[Williams:19xx] Joseph Williams: Style: Towards Clarity and Grace; Univ.of Chicago = thematic development, theme extraction, used for ORACLE ConText.

[Wille:92] R. Wille: "Concept Lattices and Conceptual Knowledge Systems"; in Fritz Lehmann, ed.: Semantic Networks in Artificial Intelligence Pergammon Press, Oxford, 1992, pp. 493-516.=SKC=

[Winograd:97] Terry Winograd.: "The Design of Interaction"; in Peter Denning and Bob Metcalfe (eds.), Beyond Calculation, The Next 50 Years of Computing, Springer-Verlag, 1997, pp. 149-162. =I3=

[WinslettHKW:89] Marianne Winslett, Keith Hall, David Knapp, and Gio Wiederhold: "Use of Change Coordination in an Information Processing System"; Proceedings of the ACM Design Automation Conference, July 1989.

[WoodfillS:83] John Woodfill and Michael Stonebraker: An Implementation of Hypothetical Relations; UC Berkely Memo CSD-83-150, Jan.1983, 30 pp. = used for debugging etc, not a SimQL reference.

[WooldridgeJ:95] Michael Wooldridge and Nicholas R. Jennings (eds): Intelligent Agents - Theories, Architectures, and Languages; Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence Volume 890; Published, Springer Verlag, 1995. =I3=

[WooldridgeMT:96:] Michael Wooldridge, Joerg P Mueller, and Milind Tambe (eds.): Intelligent Agents II; Lecture Notes in AI Volume 1037; Springer-Verlag, 1996. =I3=

[Wulf:94] William Wulf (chair): Information Technology in the Service Society; Computer Science and Telecommuncations Board, National Research Council, 1994.


[Yeh:95] Hsiang_Toa Yeh: Software Process Quality, McGraw- Hill, 1995 = methods, do's and don'ts. Confusing metrics =SW=

[Young:97] Duglas a. Young: Netscape Developer's Guide to Plug-ins; Prentice-Hall, 1997. =WIPE=

[Yourdon:89] Ed Yourdon: Modern Structured Analysis; Prentice-Hall, 1989. =SW


[Zave:97] Pamela Zave: "Classification of research efforts in Requirements engineering"; ACM CR, Vol.29 No.4, pp.315-321. =SW=

[ZelenikFS:97] Robert C. Zeleznik, Andrew S. Forsberg and Paul S. Strauss: "Two Pointer Input for 3D Interaction"; ACM SIGGRAPH, April 1997, pp. 115-120. =I3=

[ZelkovitzA:84] M.V. Zelkovitz et al: "Software Engineering Practices in the US and Japan; IEEE Computer, June 1984, pp 57-66.

[Zicari:92] Robert Zicari: General Object Oriented Database for Software Engineering Processes: (GOODSTEP) ESPRIT-III Project;, 1992. = The objective of GOODSTEP is to enhance and improve the functionality of the O2 object-oriented database system to yield a platform suited to applications such as software engineering environments (SEEs). A number of advanced software engineering tools are being built on top of the enchanced O2 database. Goodstep started September 1992 is a three years-project, with a budget of 5,8 MECU and a total of 44 man/year. Goodstep reports are periodically stored at INRIA ftp server. You can obtain GoodStep reports via anonymous ftp from Login with user name anonymous and cd to INRIA/Projects/Verso/GoodStep-Library. There you can find all compressed postscript files of the reports and an INDEX listing all reports in that directory, with the title, author(s) and additional information. =SW=

[ZhongE:98] Qun Zhong and Nigel Edwards: " Security Control for COTS Components"; IEEE Computer, Vol.31 No.6, June 1998, pp.67-73. =SW =CHAIMS

[ZhouEa:96] G. Zhou, et al.: "Generating Data Integration Mediators that Use Materialization"; in Wiederhold (editor): Intelligent Integration of Information, Kluwer Pubs., 1996. =I3=

[ZhouHKF:96] G. Zhou, R. Hull, R. King, and J.-C. Franhitti: "Supporting Data Integration and Warehousing Using H2O"; IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin, 1996, special issue on Data Warehousing, Jennifer Widom (ed.).

[Zuba:94] Gerhard Zuba: Software Quality Assurance Acording to ISO 9000; =SW= @Siemens AG, Austria.


[u1:94] !unknown| : The Proceedings of the AMAST'93 conference; Springer-Verlag 1993. = Third International Conference on Algebraic Methodology and Software Technology =SW=

[u2:94] !unknown| The Economist. 14 Oct 94 On Computing

[u3:94] !unknown| Dr.Dobbs October 1994 (SOM/DSOM), COM microsoft

[u4:93] |unknown| "How Architecture wins Technoology Wars"; Harvard Business Review, 1993. =SW=